Skip to main content

Full text of "Local records : or, Historical register of remarkable events, which have occurred in Northumberland and Durham, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and Berwick-upon-Tweed from the earliest period of authentic record to the present time; with biographical notices of deceased persons of talent, eccentricity, and longevity"

See other formats


;00 


'CO 


1 


; 

J^HMMN 


Mo   7" 


"3.4 


LOCAL    RECORDS; 


OR, 


HISTORICAL   REGISTER 

OF 

REMARKABLE  EVENTS, 

WHICH  HAVE  OCCURRED   IN 

NOmUHBEKLAJTO  AND  DURHAM,  KEWCASTLE-UPOFTYNE, 
AKD  BEEWICK-UPON-TWEED, 

WITH 

BIOGRAPHICAL    NOTICES 

OF  DECEASED  PERSONS  OF  TALENT,  ECCENTRICITY, 
AND  LONGEVITY, 

BY  T.  EORDYC;E, 

COMMENCING  WITH  THE  YEAR  1833  TO  THE  END  OF  1866, 

BEING  A  CONTINUATION  OF  THE  WORK  PUBLISHED  BY 

THE  LATE  MR.  JOHN  SYKES. 


NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE  : 

PRINTED    AND   PUBLISHED   BY  T.  FORDYCE,  60,  DEAN  STREET. 
MDOCCLXVII. 


LOCAL  -RECORDS; 

OR, 

HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  REMARKABLE 
EVENTS. 


1833  (Jan.  1). — Owing  to  the  genial  state  of  the  weather,  Mr. 
George  Smith — agent  to  Mrs.  Bewicke,  Close  House — gathered  a 
dish  of  green  peas.  Many  fruit  trees  were  in  full  blossom. 

January  14. — The  bells  of  St.  Nicholas'  church,  Newcastle,  and 
of  St.  Mary's,  Gateshead,  rung  in  honour  of  his  Majesty  having 
elevated  the  marquis  of  Cleveland  to  the  dignity  of  duke  of 
Cleveland.  The  dukedom  had  been  extinct  since  1774. 

January  15. — The  friends  of  Mr.  Charles  Attwood,  the  unsuc- 
cessful candidate  for  the  representation  of  Newcastle,  gave  him  a 
dinner  in  the  music  hall.  It  was  calculated  that  nearly  400  persons 
were  present.  Banners  and  garlands  were  hung  around  the  room, 
and  the  gallery  of  the  hall  was  crowded  with  ladies. 

January  15. — Married,  Charles  Bacon  Grey,  esq.,  of  Styford,  in 
the  county  of  Northumberland,  to  Emily,  youngest  daughter  of  the 
late  Sir  William  Loraine  Kirkharle,  in  the  same  county. 

January  18. — Died,  at  Kirkharle,  Northumberland,  in  his  54th 
year,  Sir  Charles  Loraine,  bart. 

January  20. — The  cooperage  belonging  to  Mr.  James  Brown,  on 
the  east  side  of  the  Tyne  Brewery,  Sandgate  Shore,  was  discovered 
to  be  on  fire.  Considerable  damage  was  done  to  the  premises, 
and  about  400  sets  of  hogshead  staves,  300  single  pipe  staves,  and 
several  other  articles  of  great  value  were  consumed. 

January  21. — The  wandering  piper,  Captain  Stewart,  arrived  in 
Newcastle,  and  commenced  his  tour  through  the  streets,  and  was 
followed  by  crowds  of  spectators.  He  was  dressed  in  a  tartan 
coat  and  waistcoat,  green  spectacles  and  wig,  and  a  Tarn  o'Shanter 
bonnet.  When  playing  in  the  streets,  he  endeavoured  to 
preserve  the  strictest  disguise,  he  never  stood  nor  solicited  money, 
but  received  any  sum  that  was  given  to  him.  According  to 
receipts  in  his  book,  he  had  given  upwards  of  £700  to  charities, 
in  different  towns  he  had  been  at.  He  was  heartily  tired  of  his 
frolic,  which  he  stated  would  shortly  end,  as  he  had  only  to  visit 
Morpeth,  Alnwick,  Berwick,  Coldstream,  Kelso,  and  Glasgow. 

B 


2  HISTORICAL    REGISTER   OP  [A.D.    1833. 

1833  (Jan.  26.) — Died,  at  the  Keelman's  hospital,  aged  84,  Mr, 
James  Glover.  He  served  at  the  memorable  siege  of  Gibraltar, 
un«li>r  General  Elliott,  as  captain's  cockswain. 

Ja.niK'.i'i/  -2 •:>. — Mr.  Robert  Stephenson,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 
engineer,  had  his  new  patent  sealed,  for  his  invention  of  certain 
improvements  in  the  locomotive  then  in  use,  for  the  quick 
conveyance  of  passengers,  &c.,  on  railways. 

Jam/an/  31. — Married,  at  Carham,  John  Hodgson,  esq.,  of 
Elswick  Hall,  and  M.P.  for  Newcastle-upon-Tyne,  to  Isabella, 
eldest  daughter  and  co-heiress  of  A.  Compton,  esq.,  of  Carham 
Hall. 

During  this  month,  the  Rev.  A.  Hedley,  in  clearing  away  the 
rubbish  out  of  the  foundation  of  a  tower,  on  the  western  rampart 
of  the  Roman  station,  Vindolona,  found  about  250  Roman  coins, 
chiefly  brass,  and  of  various  emperors,  many  were  of  Constantine. 

January  31. — Some  quarrymen.  near  Durham,  found  an  immense 
toad  alive,  imbedded  in  a  mass  of  stone. 

February  5. — Died,  at  Summerhill  Grove,  near  Newcastle,  Mary, 
widow  of  John  Morrison,  esq.,  Alston,  Cumberland.* 

February  7. — About  three  o'clock  in  the  morning,  a  warehouse 
belonging  to  Robert  Thompson,  High-bridge,  Newcastle,  was 
discovered  to  be  on  fire  ;  but  by  the  prompt  assistance  of  several 
of  his  neighbours,  it  was  got  under  without  doing  much  damage, 
except  the  loss  of  a  fine  horse  by  suffocation,  which  had  been 
placed  in  an  adjoining  stable. 

The  Rev.  J.  Orange,  formerly  minister  of  the  independent 
church  at  Barnsley,  was  installed  pastor  of  the  congregation, 
assembling  in  St.  James'  chapel,  Blackett-street. 

February  13. — An  affray  took  place  in  the  Shades  public  house, 
Grindon- chare,  in  Newcastle.  A  travelling  Italian  had  gone  into 
the  house  and  joined  a  party  who  were  drinking,  when  some  words 
took  place,  which  produced  a  scuffle,  and  the  Italian,  being  likely 
to  be  overpowered,  drew  his  knife  and  stabbed  an  Irishman, 
named  Hugh  Ross,  in  the  abdomen,  He  was  at  once  taken  to 
the  Infirmary,  where  he  lingered  until  the  18th.  The  Italian, 
Guiseppe  Sidoli,  was  tried  at  the  assizes  on  the  23rd  of  the  same 
month,  and  was  sentenced  to  seven  years'  transportation  for 
manslaughter. 

February  20. — This  morning  a  tremendous  sea  broke  over  the 
outer  wall  at  Seaham  harbour  and  destroyed  everything  within  its 
reach.  Six  of  the  ships  in  the  harbour  were  scuttled  and  sunk  to 
prevent  them  being  dashed  to  pieces  on  the  rocks,  and  several  other 
vessels  were  much  damaged.  Three  sailors  were  lost  by  the 
calamity,  and  Mr.  R.  Thompson,  master  of  the  Friendship,  of 
Shields,  was  drowned  in  endeavouring  to  save  his  ship. 

March  9. — Died,  at  Felton  Park,  Northumberland,  aged  63, 
Ralph  Riddell,  esq.  The  deceased  was  the  owner  of  several 
celebrated  race  horses,  and  was  highly  successful,  Dr.  Syntax 
having  won  twenty  gold  cups,  and  X.Y.Z.  nine. 

*  Summerhill  Grove  is  now  near  the  centre  of  the  town. 


A.D.  1833. J  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  3 

1833  (March  IS). — Died,  at  Mitford,  Northumberland,  aged  100 
years,  Mrs.  Ann  Jobson. 

March  27. — As  Mr.  Buddie,  butcher,  of  Newcastle,  was  pro- 
ceeding to  attend  Morpeth  market,  he  was  attacked,  about  one 
o'clock,  near  the  six  mile  bridge,  by  four  men,  and  robbed  of 
£19.  05.  Sd.  One  of  the  men,  on  coining  up  to  him,  asked  him  the 
time  of  night,  when  the  four  instantly  closed  upon  him,  knocked 
him  down  and  rifled  his  pockets.  The  thieves  immediately  leapt 
a  gate,  into  a  field,  and  were  followed  by  Buddie  and  his  dog, 
which  attacked  the  fellows,  and  must  have  bitten  them  severely. 
The  men  ran  across  the  field,  followed  by  Buddie,  until  they  came 
to  a  burn,  into  which  two  of  them  fell.  On  coming  up  he  grappled 
with  them,  when  a  dreadful  scuffle  took  place,  during  which  two 
shots  were  fired  at  him  and  his  dog,  but  happily  without  effect, 
he  was  severely  beaten  about  the  head.  The  robbers  escaped  at 
the  time,  but  were  afterwards  taken  and  tried  at  Newcastle  assizes 
before  Baron  Boliand,  convicted,  and  sentence  of  death  recorded 
against  them,  but  the  sentence  was  afterwards  commuted  to  penal 
servitude  for  life.  Mr.  Buddie,  however,  for  his  courageous  and 
manly  conduct,  was  presented  with  a  splendid  watch  and 
£19.  Os.  8d.,  the  money  he  lost. 

May  1.— A  discussion,  between  the  Rev.  John  Lockhart,  of 
Newcastle,  and  Mr.  Borthwick,  the  hired  advocate  of  the  slave- 
holders, took  place  in  the  Music  Hall,  Blackett-street,  William 
Chapman,  esq.,  in  the  chair.  The  discussion  Listed  several  hours, 
when  the  show  of  hands  was  greatly  in  favour  of  immediate 
abolition. 

May  4. — A  fire  broke  out  in  the  cabinet  workshops  of  Mr. 
Thomas  Sopwith,  situated  in  the  Painter-heugh,  Newcastle,  which 
were  entirely  consumed,  together  with  a  quantity  of  mahogany 
veneers,  and  all  the  tools  of  the  workmen.  It  is  not  known  how 
the  conflagration  originated,  which  was  first  discovered  about  ten 
o'clock,  and  increased  with  alarming  rapidity,  owing  to  the 
combustible  nature  of  the  materials  exposed  to  its  operations.  The 
mayor  evinced  the  most  laudable  anxiety,  stimulating  the  firemen 
by  his  directions  and  also  by  his  personal  exertions.  The  fire  was 
got  under  about  half-past  eleven.  Mr.  Sopwith's  stock  and  premises 
were  insured. 

May  5. — Omnibusscs  were  first  established  to  run  between 
Newcastle  and  Tynemouth. 

May  8. — A  young  man,  named  Lawson,  a  native  of  Alnwick, 
was  bathing  in  the  river  Coquet,  near  Brinkburn,  when  he  got  out 
of  his  depths  and  was  drowned.  A  companion,  named  Henderson, 
belonging  to  Morpeth,  plunged  in  to  rescue  hfin,  but  he  likewise 
sunk,  and  a  third,  who  attempted  to  save  the  others,  narrowly 
escaped  the  same  fate. 

May  15. — Newcastle,  and  the  surrounding  country  to  a  great 
extent,  were  visited  with  an  awful  storm  of  thunder,  lightning, 
hail,  and  rain.  The  atmosphere  at  the  north-west  assumed  a 
threatening  aspect  early  in  the  day,  but  it  was  not  until  five  o'clock 


4  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [A.D.    1833. 

in  the  afternoon  that  the  storm  commenced.  At  that  period  a 
dense  cloud  settled  over  the  town,  the  thunder  was  loud  in  the 
distance,  and  the  explosions  of  the  electric  fluid,  principally  what 
is  called  "  forked"  lightning  were  so  continuous  as  almost  to 
resemble  one  unbroken  sheet  of  flame  for  upwards  of  a  minute. 
The  rain  began  to  descend  gradually  under  a  heavily  charged 
atmosphere,  with  scarcely  a  breath  of  air.  Suddenly  the  wind 
increased  almost  to  a  hurricane,  and  the  thunder  gave  startling 
peals,  accompanied  by  a  tempest  of  rain  and  hail,  such  as  is  seldom 
witnessed  in  England.  The  hailstones  were  of  an  unusual  size, 
and  the  damage  done  was  very  great.  Seventy-four  panes  of  glass 
were  broken  in  the  dome  of  the  Royal  Arcade.  At  Bensham 
upwards  of  a  thousand  squares  were  broken,  in  Ravensworth- 
terrace  two  hundred  and  twenty.  The  vineries  at  Ravensworth 
castle  sustained  the  damage  of  £400  or  £500.  In  the  hothouses 
at  Redheugh  2,070  squares  were  demolished.  The  storm  did  not 
reach  the  north  part  of  Northumberland  on  the  14th,  but  on  the 
18th  a  storm  passed  over  Alnwick,  when  the  lightning  struck  the 
tower  of  the  church  and  did  material  damage.  At  Shieldykes  a 
horse  was  killed,  and  at  Chillingham  and  Lilburn  a  great  deal  of 
damage  was  done  by  the  hailstones,  many  of  which  measured 
upwards  of  four  inches  in  circumference  ;  they  were  mostly  in  the 
form  of  irregular  pieces  of  ice.  It  is  somewhat  singular  that  at 
Summerhill  and  Westgate  scarcely  a  single  hailstone  fell.  At 
Sunclerland  the  storm  raged  with  much  violence  and  did  great 
damage  to  the  hothouses  and  dwelling  houses  in  the  town  and 
neighbourhood.  A  house  in  Bishopwearmouth  was  struck  by 
lightning  and  a  female  killed.  At  Durham  and  neighbourhood 
the  storm  was  also  very  severely  felt,  and  had,  as  in  other  places, 
destroyed  several  hundreds  of  squares  of  glass.  A  poor  man, 
residing  at  Waldridge  Fell,  was  struck  by  lightning  and  instantly 
killed.  His  wife  and  children  were  in  the  house  at  the  time,  but 
did  not  receive  any  material  injury. 

May  15. — As  Mr.  Tindale,  a  respectable  farmer  at  Edlingham, 
was  returning  from  the  rent  day  at  Capheaton,  he  was  thrown 
from  his  horse,  near  the  garden  house,  Wellington,  and  unfor- 
tunately had  his  neck  dislocated,  which  caused  immediate  death. 
On  Saturday,  an  inquest  was  held  on  his  body,  at  Wallington 
New  Houses,  and  a  verdict  of  accidental  death  returned. 

May  18. — Henry  Fawcett,  scholar  of  University  College,  aged 
20,  fourth  son  of  the  late  Rev.  John  Fawcett,  Newton  Hall, 
Durham,  was  drowned  while  bathing  in  the  river  Isis,  near 
Oxford,  in  company  with  three  other  gentlemen  members  of  the 
same  college. 

May  18. — As  a  proof  of  the  mildness  of  the  season,  a  nightingale 
was  heard  singing  near  the  vicarage  garden,  Kirkwhelpington. 

May  22. — During  the  restorations  which  were  going  on  in 
Durham  Cathedral,  several  fine  arches  were  discovered  adjoining 
the  chapter  room  of  the  edifice,  and  they  have  since  been  com- 
pletely restored. 


A.D  1833.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  5 

1833  (May  22. ) — The  foundation  stone  of  a  new  church  in  South 
Shields,  dedicated  to  the  Trinity,  was  laid  by  the  Rev.  James 
Carr,  incumbent  of  St.  Hilda's.  It  has  since  been  built,  and 
endowed  at  the  sole  expense,  of  the  dean  and  chapter  of  Durham, 
and  contaims  1,200  sittings,  800  of  which  are  free. 

May  28. — Being  his  majesty's  birthday,  it  was  ushered  in  by 
the  ringing  of  bells  and  the  firing  of  cannon.  The  Newcastle 
troop  of  dismounted  cavalry  mustered  at  the  parade  ground,  and 
marched  to  the  Sandhill,  where  they  fired  a  feu  de  joie,  they  were 
afterwards  presented  with  wine  by  the  mayor  and  magistrates  to 
drink  his  majesty's  health.  The  Scotch  Greys  and  artillery 
stationed  at  the  barracks  were  reviewed  on  the  moor,  and  the  day 
passed  off  with  the  usual  demonstations  of  joy.  In  the  other  towns 
round  about  similar  expressions  of  loyalty  were  manifested. 

May  29. — Twizell  house,  the  seat  of  P.  J.  Selby,  esq.,  was  this 
day  the  scene  of  a  joyous  occurrence.  Miss  Selby  and  Miss 
Frances  Selby  were  both  led  to  the  hymeneal  altar — the  former  by 
Charles  J.  Bigge,  esq.,  of  Linden,  and  the  latter  by  Edmond 
Antrobus,  esq.,  son  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Antrobus,  rector  of  Acton, 
Middlesex,  and  of  St.  Andrew's,  Undershaft,  London.  The  brides 
were  most  beautiful,  their  dresses  were  lace  over  white  satin, 
orange  chaplets  and  white  veils.  An  appropriate  triumphal  arch 
was  erected  at  Twizell  gate  under  the  tasteful  management  of 
Captain  Mitford,  R.N.,  composed  of  evergreens  interspersed  with 
lilacs,  &c.  The  cortege  to  Bamburgh  church  was  splendid.  While 
the  party  were  at  church,  the  servants  and  villagers  were  hand- 
somely entertained  at  breakfast,  a  barrel  of  ale  was  drunk  at  the 
gate,  and  many  a  cordial  wish  was  expressed  for  a  blessing  on  the 
nuptial  rites.  After  breakfast  the  bridal  parties  set  off  in  their 
carriages,  the  one  for  Dunstanhill,  near  Newcastle,  and  the  other 
for  the  Brae,  near  Jedburgh.  The  day  was  fine,  and  will  long  be 
remembered  on  account  of  the  lively  feeling  experienced  by  all 
the  neighbourhood  for  the  prosperity  of  the  family  at  Twizell. 

May  30. — Thursday,  an  accident  happened  to  Mr.  Adamson,  of 
the  city  of  Durham,  veterinary  surgeon.  He  was  in  the  act  of 
preparing  some  medicine  for  a  horse,  and  had  put  a  quantity  of 
nitric  acid  and  oil  of  tar  into  a  quart  bottle,  when,  from  the 
accumulation  of  gas,  the  latter  exploded,  and  wounded  Mr. 
Adamson  in  the  side;  a  large  piece  of  glass  was  afterwards 
extracted.  Two  horses  belonging  to  the  Hon.  and  Rev.  Dr. 
Wellesley  were  leaving  the  shop  at  the  time  of  the  accident ;  one 
of  them  received  a  deep  wound  in  the  thigh  from  the  broken  glass, 
and  the  servant  was  thrown  against  the  wall  by  the  force  of  the 
explosion. 

June  8. — The  Eppleton  colliery,  belonging  to  the  Hetton  Coal 
Company,  was  won.  The  Hetton  seam  is  seven  feet  seven  inches 
thick — pure  coal  five  feet  six  inches,  depth  one  hundred  and  fifty- 
five  fathoms.  The  winning  had  been  several  years  in  progress. 

June  13. — The  largest  number  of  salmon  was  caught  in  the 
Tyne  that  had  taken  place  for  many  years.  Between  four  and  five 


6  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1833. 

hundred  were  brought  into  Newcastle  market,  and  were  readily 
sold  at  from  6d.  to  8d.  per  pound. 

1833  (June  13.) — Died,  at  Barnardcastle,  Mrs.  Hannah  Todd, 
aged  103  years. 

June  15. — A  swarm  of  bees  alighted  on  the  head  of  Mrs.  Gibb, 
of  Todstead,  near  Rothbury.  The  good  lady  being  a  little  alarmed, 
the  queen  bee  was  removed  by  a  spectator  into  a  hive,  and  her 
obedient  flock  immediately  followed,  without  injuring  Mrs.  Gibb. 

June  19. — A  melancholy  accident  happened  at  the  Short  Sands, 
on  the  north  side  of  Tynemouth  Castle.  About  nine  o'clock  in  the 
morning,  Mr.  John  Smith,  of  Winlaton,  and  Mr.  Hodgson,  draper, 
Gateshead,  went  to  bathe,  and  unfortunately  got  out  of  their 
depths  and  were  both  drowned.  Their  bodies  were  almost  imme- 
diately taken  out,  but  life  was  extinct.  Mr.  Smith  was  a  single 
man,  but  Mr.  Hodgson  left  a  wife  and  six  children  to  lament  his 
untimely  end. 

June  21. — Three  young  men,  William  and  Robert,  sons  of  Mr. 
William  Cuthbertson,  of  Newton  Sea  Houses,  Northumberland, 
and  Ralph  Archbold,  left  that  place  in  a  boat  for  Dunstanborongh 
castle,  to  gather  sink  stones  for  the  boat  nets.  On  their  return  a 
heavy  squall  caught  the  sail  and  capsized  the  boat,  which  imme- 
diately sank,  from  the  quantity  of  stones  it  contained.  Robert, 
who  could  swim  a  little,  seized  hold  of  two  oars,  and  contrived  to 
keep  himself  in  that  position  until  he  was  taken  up  by  two  fishermen; 
but  his  less  fortunate  brother  and  companion  were  both  drowned. 
Their  bodies  were  found  the  following  day.  Cuthbertson  was  22 
years  of  age,  Archbold  19. 

July  16. — A  most  magnificent  brick-built  chimney  having  been 
completed  by  Mr.  Livingston  at  the  alkali  works  of  Anthony 
Clapham,  esq  ,  Friars  Goose,  on  the  Tyne,  a  little  below  Newcastle, 
Mr.  Clapham,  on  the  above  day,  entertained  a  party  of  friends 
with  a  sumptuous  repast  at  the  bottom  of  the  chimney,  to  the  great 
delight  of  his  friends,  who  expressed  their  surprise  and  astonish- 
ment at  this  stupendous  work  of  art.  It  was  then  the  highest 
chimney  in  England,  being  263  feet  from  the  base,  exceeding  in 
height  that  of  Muspratt's  famous  chimney  at  Liverpool  by  38  feet, 
and  St.  Nicholas'  steeple,  Newcastle,  by  69  feet.  It  is  27  feet  in 
diameter  at  the  base,  and  7  feet  at  the  top,  which  is  finished  by  a 
stone  coping.  It  contains  upwards  of  half-a-million  bricks,  and  is 
computed  to  wei^h  nearly  2,000  tons. 

July  20. — As  John  Kelly  was  descending  the  shaft  of  Hetton 
pit  a  large  piece  of  deal  fell  from  the  top  upon  him.  The  shock 
threw  him  out  of  the  loop,  but  his  foot  catching  a  chain  in  his 
descent,  he  was  suspended  with  his  head  downward  until  he  reached 
the  bottom  of  the  shaft.  He  was  seriously  injured. 

About  this  time  there  was  discovered,  a  little  to  the  eastward  of 
the  ancient  church  at  Norham,  the  foundation  of  a  building  which 
appeared  to  have  consisted  of  a  number  of  very  small  apartments, 
the  purpose  for  which  has  not  yet  been  ascertained,  but  it  is 
supposed  to  have  been  a  kind  of  penitentiary  for  the  punishment 
of  refractory  monks. 


A.D.  1833.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  7 

1833  (July  25.J — Thursday  morning  early  a  fire  broke  out  in  a 
small  brewery,  occupied  by  Mr.  J.  Armstrong  as  a  malting,  situated 
in  a  passage  leading  from  Sandgate  to  the  New-road,  Newcastle. 
In  a  short  time  the  whole  building  was  in  a  blaze,  and  although 
the  Newcastle  and  North  British  fire  engines  were  promptly  on 
the  spot,  the  brewhouse  was  entirely  consumed.  The  premises 
belonged  to  Mrs.  Renoldson,  and  were  insured. 

July  28. — The  whole  of  an  extensive  building  occupied  by  Mr 
Mark  Thompson  as  a  raff  yard,  Pandon,  Newcastle,  fell  to  the 
ground  with  a  tremendous  crash,  about  six  o'clock  on  the  morning, 
in  consequence  of  an  immense  quantity  of  railway  bars  having 
been  placed  against  the  wall  next  the  street.  Pandon  is  a  common 
thoroughfare,  but  fortunately  no  accident  happened. 

July. — Dr.  Bedale,  of  swimming  celebrity,  exhibited  his  aquatic 
feats  in  the  river  Tyne  on  two  occasions  during  the  last  week  of 
this  month.  Many  of  his  positions  and  movements  were  very 
beautiful  and  scientific.  Large  crowds  attended  each  day  to  witness 
the  novelty  of  the  exhibition. 

August. — Early  in  this  month  two  remarkably  large  swarms  of 
flies  were  noticed  at  North  Shields,  proceeding  from  the  sea  in  a 
westerly  direction.  On  one  of  the  occasions  an  opportunity  was 
taken  of  estimating  the  height  of  the  mass,  which  appeared  to  be 
about  21  feet  by  8  or  10  in  breadth.  It  was  several  minutes  in 
passing  by  the  observers. 

August  7. — Wednesday,  the  neighbourhood  of  Newcastle  was 
enlivened  by  the  firing  of  guns  and  other  tokens  of  joy,  at  the 
loading  of  the  first  vessel  with  coals  from  the  low  main  seam  at 
St.  Lawrence  colliery,  near  Newcastle,  called  Picton  Main.  The 
pit  was  begun  from  the  surface  on  the  3rd  of  December  preceding, 
and  was  completed  to  the  low  main,  a  depth  of  94  fathoms,  in  the 
short  period  of  eight  months.  The  seam  is  in  great  perfection,  is 
six  feet  thick  ;  and,  as  a  proof  of  the  spirit  of  the  parties,  notwith- 
standing that  the  coal  work  was  only  commenced  on  Monday, 
they  raised  on  the  following  day  upwards  of  120  tons  of  coal. 

August  19. — For  some  years  past  nearly  all  the  moors  in 
Northumberland  had  been  taken  possession  of  by  large  bodies  of 
poachers  from  the  adjoining  counties,  who  not  only  carried  away 
immense  quantities  of  game,  but  even  plundered  the  industrious 
farmers  of  their  sheep  and  did  wilful  damage  to  their  property. 
The  overbearing  insolence  of  those  lawless  intruders  so  intimidated 
the  peaceable  inhabitants  that  they  almost  might  be  said  to  have 
lost  their  right  over  and  control  of  their  own  property.  The  12th 
of  August  (the  commencement  of  the  shooting  season)  was  again 
marked  by  the  arrival  of  large  bodies  of  these  intruders,  upon 
which  the  gentlemen  and  farmers  then  shooting  on  the  moors 
determined  no  longer  to  be  annoyed  by  them.  Accordingly,  on 
the  above  day,  they  divided  themselves  into  two  parties,  and 
having  ascertained  that  a  body  of  the  poachers  would  commence 
shooting  at  a  place  called  Whitelee,  near  Carter  Bar,  the  first 
party,  consisting  of  about  forty  persons,  on  horseback,  set  out 


8  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1833. 

from  Woodburn  about  three  o'clock  on  the  morning  of  the  20th, 
the  second  party  also  setting  out  for  another  suspected  place  of 
rendezvous.  On  the  arrival  of  the  first  party  at  Whitelee,  they 
discovered  about  20  poachers  ranging  the  moors,  each  armed  with 
a  gun,  and  attended  with  a  dog.  Immediately  on  being  discovered, 
the  poachers  formed  themselves  into  a  military  position  on  the 
ascent  of  a  hill,  threw  off  their  coats,  and,  presenting  their  guns, 
threatened  to  fire  on  the  first  who  came  near  them.  A  young 
gentleman  present  remonstrated  with  the  poachers  on  their  illegal 
conduct,  but  in  vain ;  they  declared  they  would  not  be  taken,  and 
would  shoot  the  first  man  who  approached  them.  Upon  this  the 
gentleman  alluded  to  rode  over  a  small  burn  which  divided  the 
parties,  instantly  followed  by  his  friends,  and  after  considerable 
struggling,  in  the  course  of  which  the  young  gentleman's  horse  was 
felled  to  the  ground,  and  he  himself  severely  wounded,  the  poachers 
were  completely  overpowered  and  brought  before  two  magistrates, 
who  committed  them  to  Morpeth  gaol  under  the  game  act. 

1833  (Aug.  22J.— Died,  in  Ropery-lane,  Sunderland,  aged  102, 
Mr.  James  Hall,  mariner. 

Same  day,  about  half-past  four  o'clock,  when  the  tide  was  on 
the  turn  of  ebb,  Peter  Duncan  and  James  Blair  were  drowned  at 
Hartlepool,  on  the  north  Sand,  under  the  following  circumstances: — 
The  two  unfortunate  men,  privates  in  the  Scots  Greys,  with  a 
third,  named  William  Wilson,  having  gone  for  the  purpose  of 
bathing,  while  the  three  were  undressing,  Wilson,  observing  there 
was  a  heavy  swell  on,  proposed  they  should  not  go  in,  but  Duncan 
and  Blair,  being  good  swimmers,  persisted,  while  Wilson  remained 
on  shore  to  watch  their  clothes.  When  they  were  in  about  80  or 
100  yards,  and  swimming  close  together,  a  heavy  sea  burst  upon 
them,  and  they  sunk.  Wilson,  on  their  not  reappearing,  gave  the 
alarm,  and  assistance  was  procured,  but  before  the  bodies  could  be 
found  life  was  extinct. 

September  1. — The  Ardincaple  steamboat,  on  her  voyage  from 
Edinburgh  to  Newcastle,  encountered  a  tremendous  gale,  such  as 
had  not  been  seen  upon  the  coast  for  upwards  of  thirty  years, 
When  off  Bambro'  Castle  she  was  struck  by  a  heavy  sea,  which 
completely  swept  her  deck  and  tore  away  the  whole  of  the  bulwarks, 
stanchions,  and  paddle-casing  on  the  starboard  side,  carried  over- 
board Captain  Macleod,  the  steward's  daughter,  a  soldier,  and  two 
other  passengers  (one  of  them  a  young  seaman  and  the  other  a 
middle-aged  man).  Several  other  persons  were  overboard,  but 
contrived  to  regain  the  vessel.  Both  anchors  were  let  go,  and  she 
was  brought  up.  Another  sea  then  struck  her,  and  the  chimney 
and  mainmast  went  over  the  side.  Every  exertion  was  made  to 
clear  away  the  wreck,  and  she  bravely  rode  in  the  gale  till  near 
one  o'clock  the  next  morning.  Too  much  praise  cannot  be  given 
to  a  party  of  sailors  who  were  on  board,  and  to  Mr.  Pearson,  late 
captain  of  the  King  of  the  Netherlands,  who  then  took  the  com- 
mand. The  vessel  was  perfectly  tight,  but,  from  all  the  skylights 
on  deck  being  broken  in  and  the  engine-house  completely  smashed 


A.D.  1833.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  9 

away,  a  great  deal  of  water  necessarily  got  into  the  vessel.  Having, 
however,  an  excellent  copper  pump  on  board,  the  sailors  and  the 
crew  soon  got  the  better  of  the  water.  During  the  day  two  of  the 
crew  lowered  down  the  stern  boat  and  jumped  into  her,  when  the 
painter  broke,  and  they  were  in  a  moment  swallowed  up  by  the 
raging  element.  About  one  o'clock  she  was  struck  by  another 
most  tremendous  sea,  when  she  parted  from  both  her  anchors, 
both  chain  cables  having  broken,  and  it  was  then  momentarily 
expected  she  would  drive  ashore.  Very  fortunately  there  were 
some  large  tarpaulins  which  had  been  used  to  cover  the  luggage 
upon  deck,  and  with  these  they  contrived  to  make  a  sail,  and  they 
had  the  satisfaction  to  find  she  was  going  off  the  land  with  them. 
They  soon  cleared  her  of  the  water  she  had  shipped,  and  steered 
immediately  for  a  good  anchorage  under  the  lee  of  the  Farn 
Islands,  where  they  saw  several  vessels  lying  in  smooth  water,  and 
among  the  rest  a  revenue  cutter  (supposed  to  be  the  Mermaid),  and 
notwithstanding  guns  were  fired  from  the  Ardincaple,  the  bell 
rung,  and  every  exertion  made,  they  inhumanly  took  no  notice  of 
the  vessel,  but  suffered  her  to  pass  within  a  very  short  distance ; 
indeed  she  was  in  their  view  the  whole  of  the  preceding  day.  But 
a  cod  smack,  which  was  riding  inside  the  cutter,  having  heard 
the  signals,  immediately  slipped  her  cables  and  came  down  to  their 
assistance.  About  5  o'clook  they  were  taken  in  tow  by  the  smack 
and  the  passengers  were  removed  into  her  for  safety.  She  was 
towed  up  by  the  smack  to  Shields,  where  she  got  into  the  harbour 
next  morning.  The  passengers  were  all  landed  in  the  evening  by 
the  crew  of  a  boat  from  Cullercoats,  who,  seeing  her  distress, 
gallantly  put  off,  at  the  hazard  of  their  lives,  to  their  assistance. 

1833  (September  3.J — A  most  diabolical  attempt  was  made  on 
the  night  of  this  day,  by  setting  fire  to  a  house  belonging  to  Lord 
Ravensworth,  on  Thrunton  moor,  not  only  to  destroy  the  property, 
but  to  sacrifice  the  lives  of  the  inmates.  A  reward  of  twenty 
pounds  was  offered  for  the  discovery  of  the  perpetrators. 

September  6. — Four  stacks  of  wheat,  two  stacks  of  hay,  a  stack 
of  straw,  a  thrashing  machine,  a  cow  byre,  and  various  other  out 
premises,  the  property  of  Mr.  Matthew  Collins,  of  Monckton,  in 
the  parish  of  Jarrow,  in  the  county  of  Durham,  were  wilfully  set 
on  fire  and  completely  destroyed.  Two  hundred  and  fifty  pounds 
reward  was  offered,  and  a  free  pardon  to  any  accomplice,  not 
having  been  the  actual  incendiaries,  for  the  apprehension  and 
conviction  of  the  offender  or  offenders. 

September  18. — Twenty-five  French  boats  engaged  in  the  her- 
ring trade,  were  driven  ashore  on  the  coast  near  Newton-by-the- 
Sea,  Northumberland  ;  twelve  of  them  were  got  off,  but  the  others 
became  wrecks.  Their  crews,  consisting  of  about  180  men,  were 
all  saved.  Shaftoe  Craster,  esq.,  of  Craster,  with  his  usual  bene- 
volence, supplied  them  with  both  money  and  victuals,  they  also 
received  great  hospitality  and  assistance  from  several  other  gentle- 
men of  the  neighbourhood,  and  were  enabled  to  return  to  their 
homes. 


10  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [>•*>•    1835. 

1833  (September  23 .) — Died,  at  Greta  Bridge,  Yorkshire,  in  the 
71st  year  of  his  age,  James  Losh,  esq.,  of  Jesmond  Grove,  recorder  of 
Newcastle.  Mr.  Losh  was  horn  at  Woodside,  near  Carlisle,  received 
his  school  education  under  the  Rev.  Mr.  Gaskin,  of  Wreay,  and 
afterwards  under  Mr.  Dawson,  of  Sedburgh,  from  whence  he 
removed  to  Cambridge,  after  which  he  entered  Lincoln's  Inn,  and 
in  due  time  was  called  to  the  bar.  In  1797,  he  settled  at  New- 
castle, and  in  the  following  year  married  Cecilia,  daughter  of  the 
Rev.  Dr.  Baldwin,  of  Aldhigham,  Lancashire,  by  whom  he  left  five 
sons  and  three  daughters.  In  1810,  he  greatly  assisted  in  the 
establishment  of  the  jubilee  schools  ;  subsequently  he  interested 
himself  in  the  formation  of  infant  schools,  and  in  the  beginning  of 
the  year  of  1883,  he  ably  advocated  the  scheme  for  a  collegiate 
education  at  Newcastle,  the  friends  of  which  have  to  lament  his 
loss  in  a  more  especial  manner.  The  sensation  excited  by  the  event 
in  this  neighbourhood  was  great  and  extensive,  all  political  differ- 
ences appearing  to  have  at  once  subsided,  and  every  one  feeling 
that  society  had  lost  an  active,  eminent,  and  useful  member  ;  the 
public  institutions,  charitable,  educational,  and  literary,  a  warm 
and  enlightened  supporter  ;  a  numerous  circle  of  friends,  an  inti- 
mate and  kind  associate,  a  judicious  adviser,  and  a  ready  helper; 
and  the  poor  a  most  liberal  benefactor.  His  exertions  to  promote 
the  education,  particularly  the  religious  education  of  the  lower 
classes,  were  manifested  at  an  early  age.  His  remains  were 
interred  at  Gosforth  on  the  3rd  of  October,  and  wore  followed  to 
the  grave  by  the  mayor  and  corporation  of  Newcastle,  the 
members  of  the  legal  profession,  the  members  of  the  literary  and 
philosopical  society  headed  by  Sir  Matthew  W.  Ridley,  bart.,  the 
mechanics'  institute,  the  anti-slavery  society,  and  then  followed 
the  members  of  the  Unitarian  congregation  in  Hanover-square, 
with  whom  the  deceased  had  for  many  years  been  on  terms  of  the 
most  friendly  communion.  Several  burgesses  and  corporate 
officers  succeeded,  and  the  procession  was  closed  by  twenty  to 
thirty  carriages.  The  crowds  of  respectable  spectators  on  either 
side  of  the  road  were  immense  for  the  first  three-quarters  of  a 
mile,  and  great  numbers  accompanied  the  procession  to  the  church, 
where,  about  twelve  o'clock,  the  body  was  received  by  the  Rev. 
J.  Walker,  M.A.,  incumbent.  The  interior  of  the  church  was 
crowded  in  every  part,  and  its  appearance  had  at  this  time  a 
peculiarly  solemn  effect.  After  the  usual  preliminary  services  had 
been  gone  through,  the  whole  assembly  proceeded  to  the  grave, 
where  the  remaining  ceremonies  were  performed,  and  the  tomb 
finally  closed  over  one  who  when  living  was  included  amongst  the 
greatest  benefactors  of  this  town  and  neighbourhood,  and  to  whom 
his  relations  and  more  intimate  friends  had,  on  this  occasion,  the 
melancholy  satisfaction  of  seeing  the  public  testifying,  with  one 
accord,  their  gratitude  for  his  exertions,  and  their  esteem  for  his 
memory. 

October  6. — Sunday  evening,  owing  to  the  density  of  the  mist, 
one  of   the  steam-boats   plying  between    Newcastle  and  Shields 


A.D  1833.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  11 

grounded  a  little  below  Walker,  where  she  was  unfortunately 
obliged  to  remain  till  the  following  morning,  to  the  great  annoy- 
ance of  the  passengers,  who  spent,  as  may  well  be  conceived,  a 
most  anxious  and  uncomfortable  night. 

1833  (October  7.) — Died  at  Percy  Main,  aged  101  and  five  months, 
Isabella,  widow  of  Mr.  John  Thompson,  horse-keeper,  at  Percy 
Main  colliery.  She  was  a  native  of  Tanfield. 

October  12. — The  following  advertisement  appeared  in  the 
Newcastle  Courant : — This  is  to  give  notice  that  that  gifted  man, 
George  Farn,  (goose  merchant),  has  been  preaching  the  gospel 
under  the  sanction  of  the  mayors  of  Kipon  and  Newcastle,  having 
his  character  signed  by  a  member  of  parliament,  and  has  been 
received  with  great  attention  by  thousands  of  people,  and  is  allowed 
to  be  a  great  doctor  of  divinity,  a  man  teached  by  the  spirit  of 
God.  This  singular  man  will  preach  at  Gosforth,  on  Sunday 
first,  in  the  open  air. 

October  28. — Mr.  H.  L.  Pattison  obtained  a  patent  for  "  an 
improved  method  of  separating  silver  from  lead."  Mr.  Pattison's 
process  was  first  introduced  at  the  Langley  smelt  mills,  near 
Haydon  Bridge,  Northumberland,  and  has  since  been  brought  into 
extensive  operation  in  the  various  lead  districts  of  the  kingdom. 

October  31. — Fortunatus  Dvvarris,  and  S.  A.  Rumball,  two  of 
the  commissioners  appointed  to  enquire  into  the  state  of  municipal 
corporations  in  England  and  Wales,  commenced  their  labours  soon 
after  noon  on  the  above  day  in  the  Guildhall,  Newcastle,  which 
had  been  granted  for  the  purpose.  The  corporation  was  repre- 
sented by  John  Clayton,  esq.,  town  clerk,  the  stewards  of  the 
incorporated  companies  by  Mr.  John  Brown,  their  solicitor ;  the 
burgesses  by  Mr.  William  Garrett,  Mr.  G.  T.  Gibson  and  others ; 
and  the  non-burgesses  by  Mr.  Thomas  Carr,  Mr.  T.  Willis,  and 
Mr.  William  Kell. 

November  1. — During  a  high  wind,  two  houses  in  Dundas-street, 
Monkwearmouth,  were  blown  down. 

Same  day,  an  explosion  of  fire  damp  occurred  at  Black  Fell 
colliery,  near  Chester-le-street,  by  which  three  wastemen  lost  their 
lives,  namely,  Robert  Forster,  W.  Lamb,  and  Stephen  Campbell. 

November  5. — A  party  of  visitors  at  Chillingham  castle,  accom- 
panied by  the  keeper,  went  into  the  park  for  the  purpose  of  shooting 
one  of  the  wild  cattle,  and  whilst  the  keepers  were  reconnoitering 
their  position,  one  of  the  cattle  made  a  sudden  rush,  when  Barnes, 
the  gamekeeper,  unfortunately  fell  down,  and  the  animal  threw 
him  twice  over  his  head  and  gored  him  very  much.  The  infuriated 
animal  was  ultimately  driven  off  by  a  deerhound,  and  despatched 
by  a  volley  from  the  party.  Barnes  was  conveyed  home  in  a 
dangerous  state,  and  every  attention  paid  him  by  the  noble  earl 
and  his  family. 

November  15. — A  daring  attempt  at  highway  robbery  took  place 
in  the  evening  of  Hexham  fair,  on  the  person  of  a  gentleman 
named  Weddell,  who  was  attacked  near  Chollerford  by  three 
footpads ;  one  of  them  seized  the  bridle  of  his  horse,  but  was 


12'  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1833. 

instantly  knocked  down.  Another  made  a  similar  attempt,  but 
shared  the  same  fate.  Mr.  Weddell  not  being  able  to  get  his  horse 
to  move,  dismounted,  and  after  giving  the  robbers  a  severe  beating, 
rode  off  ;  but,  on  arriving  at  Chollerford,  found  that  his  horse  had 
been  severely  stabbed,  apparently  with  a  sword. 

1833  (November  16.) — Died,  at  Bagnalstown,  county  Kilkenny, 
aged  28,  the  Honourable  Frederick  George  Howard,  M.P.  for  the 
borough  of  Morpeth,  Northumberland,  captain  of  the  90th  regi- 
ment, and  second  son  of  the  earl  of  Carlisle.  On  the  previous  day 
he  left  the  barracks,  near  Kilkenny,  in  a  curricle,  accompanied  by 
two  of  his  brother  officers,  and  was  proceeding  to  visit  a  detach- 
ment of  the  regiment  quartered  at  Newtonbury.  The  horse  from 
some  cause  took  fright  and  ran  away.  Captain  Howard,  in 
attempting  to  leap  out,  was  thrown  with  great  violence  upon  his 
head,  which  caused  an  effusion  of  blood  on  the  brain.  Captain 
Howard  was  promoted  to  a  company  the  10th  of  March,  1827. 

November  20. — The  town  of  Morpeth,  Northumberland,  was 
lighted  with  gas  for  the  first  time,  to^the  great  satisfaction  of  the 
inhabitants. 

November  21. — A  rare  species  of  fish,  known  as  the  Sparus 
Dentrex,  was  captured  in  the  Cambois  burn,  near  Blyth.  It 
measured  5  feet  6  inches  in  length,  and  weighed  791b. 

November  22. — Died,  at  Fairshield,  Northumberland,  aged  101, 
Mrs.  Margaret  Brammer. 

On  the  same  day,  at  an  early  hour  in  the  morning,  Mrs. 
McGregor,  whose  husband  was  in  the  service  of  Mr.  Abbott,  of 
Gateshead,  was  delivered  of  a  daughter  on  board  the  Ardincaple 
steamer,  while  she  lay  at  anchor  under  Dunstanborough  castle. 
In  commemoration  of  the  occurrence  the  child  was  christened 
Elizabeth  Ardincaple  Dunstanborough  McGregor. 

November  23. — An  explosion  of  fire-damp  took  place  at  the 
Low  Moorsley  pit,  near  Houghton-le-Spring,  in  the  county  of 
Durham.  Mr.  Appleby,  viewer,  Mr.  Dawson,  overman,  and  four 
men  were  dreadfully  burnt. 

November  23. — Died,  at  Byker  Buildings,  aged  103,  much  re- 
gretted, Mrs.  Elizabeth  Wallas. 

November  27. — John  Gibson,  engineman  at  Wideopen  colliery, 
about  five  miles  from  Newcastle,  lost  his  life  by  the  bursting  of  a 
boiler,  about  nine  o'clock  at  night.  There  were  two  other  boilers 
alongside  the  one  which  burst,  neither  of  which  were  much  injured. 
The  boiler  which  exploded,  weighing  six  to  seven  tons,  was  blown 
to  some  distance. 

December  t).— Died,  at  the  Shaws,  near  Hexham,  aged  90,  Mr. 
John  Charlton.  It  is  somewhat  remarkable,  that  his  mother, 
Eleanor  Charlton,  died  at  the  age  of  99  ;  her  sister,  Elizabeth,  at 
102 ;  their  brothers,  John  Robson  at  102,  and  Mr.  James  Robson, 
94  ;  united  ages,  397. 

December  10. — The  large  bell,  bequeathed  to  the  parish  of  St. 
Nicholas,  Newcastle,  by  the  late  Major  Anderson,  was  hoisted  up 
to  the  belfry.  The  diameter  of  the  bell  across  the  mouth  is  six 


A.D.  1834.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  13 

feet  five  inches,  its  length  inside,  from  top  to  bottom,  is  four  feet 
ten  inches,  its  total  weight  is  about  seventy-two  cwt.  The  bell 
was  cast  at  the  foundry  of  Sir  Robt.  Shafto  Hawks,  &  Co.,  by 
James  Harrison,  of  Barton-upon-Humber.  On  the  preceding 
Thursday,  the  bell  was  christened  by  Mr.  Harrison,  the  founder, 
previous  to  its  removal  to  the  church,  on  which  occasion  a  party  of 
twenty  of  the  workmen  were  comfortably  seated  within  the  bell, 
where  they  drank  three  gallons  of  ale,  after  which  ten  others 
entered  it,  making  thirty  persons  within  it  at  the  same  time.  The 
name  given  to  the  bell  was  "  The  Major."  Whilst  in  the  porch  of 
St.  Nicholas,  a  shoemaker  made  the  greater  portion  of  a  shoe  in  it, 
on  Monday  afternoon. 

1833  (December  19J.— A  melancholy  accident  occurred  at  the 
buildings  erecting  by  Mr.  Grainger,  at  Leazes-terrace,  Newcastle. 
While  six  of  the  workmen  were  walking  along  the  scaffolding,  at  a 
considerable  height,  with  a  large  head-stone,  one  of  the  supporters 
gave  way,  by  which  means  they  were  all  precipitated  to  the  ground. 
William  Murray  was  killed  on  the  spot ;  Robert  Cunningham  died 
shortly  afterwards  at  the  Infirmary  ;  a  third  had  his  leg  broken  ; 
another  his  thigh  bone,  and   the  two  others  severely  bruised.     It 
did  not  appear  that  blame  could  be  attached  to  any  one  for  the 
calamity. 

December  23. — A  hare  was  killed  in  Pilgrim-street,  Newcastle, 
by  the  hounds  belonging  to  Mr.  J.  G.  Clark.  It  was  put  up 
behind  Kenton  lodge,  ran  thence  to  Gosforth,  thence  to  the  Grand 
Stand,  afterwards  across  the  Moor  into  Pilgrim-street. 

December  23. — Robert  William  Brandling,  esq.,  of  Low  Gosforth, 
near  Newcastle,  obtained  a  patent  for  improvements  in  applying 
steam  and  other  powers  to  ships,  boats,  &c. 

1834  (January  1). — Early  this   morning,  the   body  of  an  old 
woman  was  found  in   the  ditch    adjoining  the    Newcastle  race 
course.     The  deceased   was  in   the   habit  of  travelling  round  the 
villages  in  the  neighbourhood,  collecting  rags,  and  was  well  known 
by  the  name  of  "  Radical  Betty"  and  it  was  supposed  that  during 
the  preceding  evening,  she  had  been  returning  to  her  residence  in 
Sandgate,  and,  from  the  inclemency  of  the  weather  perished  on 
the  moor. 

January  8. — Died,  at  North  Shields,  aged  103,  Elizabeth,  widow 
of  Mr.  Thomas  Hill,  mariner,  formerly  well  known  under  the 
appellation  of  the  "  lady  wife,"  she  being  the  person  who  gave 
information  to  the  seamen's  wives,  on  the  arrival  of  their  husbands 
at  Shields  bar.  She  was  married  at  the  age  of  17,  and  lived  some 
years  in  London,  during  the  reign  of  George  II.  She  survived 
her  husband  58  years, 

January  10. — The  servant  of  Mr.  Angus,  farmer,  at  Hindly, 
between  Newcastle  and  Hexham,  was  crossing  the  Tyne  with  a 
cart  and  two  valuable  horses,  they  were  carried  away  by  the 
violence  of  the  stream,  which  was  much  swollen  by  the  late  rains, 
and  lost  in  the  sight  of  several  individuals,  who  could  not  render 
them  any  assistance. 


14  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OP  [A.D.    1834. 

1834  (January  II.) — Died,  at  Monkwearinouth,  aged  100,  Mrs. 
Margaret  George. 

January  14. — A  large  party  of  poachers  were  discovered  in  the 
immediate  vicinity  of  Ravensworth  castle.  The  Honourable  H. 
T.  Liddell  and  a  few  servants  sallied  forth  to  endeavour  to  drive 
them  off,  when  they  were  violently  attacked  by  the  poachers,  who 
were  all  armed  and  in  military  training,  each  man  answering  to  a 
number.  The  butler  had  a  very  narrow  escape  for  his  life,  but 
John  Bell,  farm  servant  to  Lord  Ravensworth,  was  severely 
wounded  in  the  hip  and  groin,  of  which  he  afterwards  died.  It  is 
only  proper  to  say,  Mr.  Liddell  and  his  party  had  no  arms.  A 
reward  was  offered  for  the  discovery  of  the  depredators. 

January  15. — Died,  in  the  Tuthill-stairs,  Newcastle,  aged  65, 
Mr.  William  Fifefield,  a  man  of  colour,  and  a  native  of  the  West 
Indies.  He  had  resided  in  that  town  nearly  forty  years,  and  had 
filled  the  situation  of  drummer  in  various  local  regiments.  He 
was  afterwards  the  owner  of  a  "comfortable,"  plying  between 
Newcastle  and  Shields,  and  was  well  known  and  respected  in  both 
towns. 

January  16. — The  first  cargo  of  coals  from  Crowtrees'  Wallsend 
colliery  was  shipped  at  the  Clarence  Railway  Company's  station,  at 
Stockton,  on  board  the  brig  Elizabeth,  for  London. 

January  21. — Early  this  day,  a  large  quantity  of  farm  produce 
was  destroyed  by  fire  in  two  separate  farmyards,  near  the  village 
of  Offerton,  in  the  county  of  Durham,  belonging  to  Mr.  Thomas 
Elliott,  of  that  place,  farmer.  On  the  alarm  being  given  the  whole 
of  the  inhabitants  of  the  village,  as  well  as  those  of  Hilton,  were 
thrown  into  the  greatest  consternation,  and  a  message  was 
despatched  to  Sunderland  for  assistance.  A  detachment  of  military 
was  immediately  sent  off  with  the  fire  engine  kept  at  the  barracks, 
which  arrived  about  six  o'clock,  and  shortly  after,  the  two  Sunderland 
parish  fire  engines,  as  well  as  one  from  Lord  Durham's  colliery, 
reached  the  spot,  but  unfortunately  too  late  to  save  the  property 
from  destruction,  the  whole,  consisting  of  eighteen  corn  stacks  and 
three  large  hay  stacks,  being  consumed.  The  manner  in  which  the 
stack,  which  communicated  flame  to  the  others,  had  been  fired,  left 
little  doubt  of  its  being  the  work  of  an  incendiary.  His  majesty's 
pardon  and  a  reward  of  three  hundred  pounds  were  offered  for  the 
discovery  of  the  offenders. 

January  21. — The  Earl  of  Durham,  with  his  usual  hospitality, 
being  Provincial  Grand  Master  of  that  county,  invited  the  whole 
fraternity  of  the  province  to  dinner  at  Lambton  Castle.  The 
brethren  of  the  different  local  lodges  assembled  in  the  library  and 
picture  gallery  at  twelve  o'clock,  and  at  half-past  twelve  the  grand 
lodge  was  opened  in  the  saloon,  which  was  fitted  up  by  Sir  Cuthbert 
Sharp,  as  Deputy  Provincial  Grand  Master,  who  rose  on  behalf  of 
the  assembled  brethren,  and  in  very  appropriate  terms  presented 
the  noble  earl  with  a  splendid  gold  medal,  ornamented  with  masonic 
emblems  set  in  brilliants,  as  a  mark  of  the  deep  sense  they  enter- 
tained of  his  lordship's  services,  and  their  admiration  of  his  public 


A.D.   1834.J  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  15 

and  private  character.  The  noble  earl  acknowledged  the  tribute 
in  an  address  of  considerable  length,  replete  with  the  warmest 
expressions  of  kindness  and  regard.  A  splendid  suite  of  apartments 
in  the  castle,  the  gardens  and  conservatory,  were  all  thrown  open 
for  the  accommodation  and  entertainment  of  the  company,  and  his 
lordship,  accompanied  by  his  countess,  promenaded  on  the  terrace, 
conversing  in  the  most  affable  manner  with  the  guests.  At  a  late 
hour  the  brethren  took  their  leave,  highly  delighted  with  the 
urbanity  of  the  noble  earl,  and  his  unwearied  assiduity  in  promoting 
their  comfort  and  gratification. 

1834  (January  28). — Newcastle  and  the  neighbourhood  was  visited 
by  a  severe  storm,  of  wind  and  rain,  as  were  all  the  western  parts  of 
thecounty.  From  the  circumstance  of  the  Tyne  risingto  an  enormous 
height  and  overflowing  its  banks,  the  whole  of  the  district  below 
Blaydon,  including  Derwenthaugh,  Scotswood,  Dunstan,  &c.,  was 
completely  under  water,  and  in  many  of  the  houses  it  was  nearly 
up  to  the  second  floor.  At  the  time  of  high  water  at  Newcastle  in 
the  evening,  the  Close  and  the  Quayside  were  completely  flooded, 
the  water  extending  on  to  the  Sandhill  and  a  considerable  distance 
up  the  Broad-chare.  Many  cellars  and  warehouses  in  those 
situations  were  filled  with  water. 

January  30. — Another  case  of  the  destruction  of  farm  property 
occurred  at  Offerton.  Since  the  former  fire  on  the  21st  of  this 
month,  Mr.  Burnip,  the  proprietor  of  the  stacks  now  destroyed,  had 
kept  a  constant  watch  by  night  over  his  property  until  the  29th, 
when  he  desisted,  imagining  that  the  high  reward  offered  for  the 
apprehension  of  those  concerned  in  Mr.  Elliot's  conflagration, 
would  deter  others  from  committing  a  similar  act.  He  accordingly 
retired  to  rest  at  his  usual  hour,  but  awoke  between  one  and  two 
o'clock  in  the  morning,  and  not  feeling  satisfied,  he  determined  on 
perambulating  his  farm  yards,  which  he  did,  and  all  appearing  to 
be  safe  he  returned  to  his  bed  ;  but  shortly  after  three  o'clock  Mr. 
Burniss  was  aroused  by  a  loud  knocking  at  his  door,  and  on  looking 
out  discovered  that  one  of  his  stack  yards  was  in  flames.  All 
classes  at  once  rendered  the  most  prompt  assistance  in  their  power, 
but  had  it  not  been  for  the  immediate  assistance  rendered  by  an 
engine  from  one  of  Lord  Durham's  collieries,  the  whole  of  the  farm 
buildings  must  have  been  destroyed.  The  loss  of  property,  never- 
theless, was  excessive,  including  8  stacks  of  wheat,  4  of  oats,  2  of 
tares  and  beans,  and  2  of  hay.  It  was  stated  that  a  light  had  been 
seen  by  a  cottager  on  the  opposite  side  of  the  Wear,  about  three 
o'clock  in  the  morning,  moving  from  stack  to  stack.  The  circum- 
stance of  two  fires  of  such  magnitude  occurring  in  the  same  vicinity 
in  so  short  a  time,  produced  a  great  sensation  in  the  neighbourhood, 
and  a  very  strong  feeling  on  behalf  of  the  sufferers,  Mr.  Burnip 
and  his  son,  who  were  highly  respected  by  all  who  knew  them. 

February  5. — The  21st  anniversary  of  the  Society  of  Anti- 
quaries of  Newcastle  was  held  at  their  apartments  in  the  building 
of  the  Literary  and  Philosophical  Society.  Mr.  Adamson  read  the 
report,  which  embodied  an  account  by  the  Rev.  John  Hodgson, 


10  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1834. 

secretary,  of  the  excavations  carried  on  at  the  expense  of  the 
society,  aided  by  a  voluntary  contribution,  in  the  Roman  station 
Borcovicus,  at  Housesteads,  in  the  years  1830,  1831,  and  1833,  and 
of  the  researches  made  by  the  Rev.  A.  Hedley  at  his  station  of 
Vindolana,  or  little  Chesters,  and  by  the  late  Mr.  Crawhall,  at 
Amblogama,  or  Burdoswald.  The  members  afterwards  dined  in 
their  library,  which  was  tastefully  fitted  up  for  the  occasion  with 
the  armour  in  the  society's  museum,  to  which  Mr.  Falla  kindly 
added  some  beautiful  specimens  belonging  to  him.  About  twenty- 
five  dined,  Sir  Charles  Monck  in  the  chair  ;  Mr.  Adamson  acted 
as  his  vice.  It  was  a  true  antiquarian  feast,  and  the  evening  was 
agreeably  spent. 

1834  (February  11). — Died,  at  his  seat  of  Mainsforth,  aged  55, 
Robert  Surtees,  esq.,  M. A.,  F.S.  A., and  the  historian  of  the  county  of 
Durham.  Mr.  Surtees  was  born  in  the  city  of  Durham,  and  after 
passing  his  youthful  years  at  Houghton-le-Spring  grammar  school 
and  Christ  Church,  Oxford,  he  entered  the  Temple  in  1800,  but 
on  the  death  of  his  father,  in  1802,  before  he  was  of  standing  to 
be  called  to  the  bar,  retired  to  Mainsforth,  and  he  relinquished  his 
connection  with  the  profession,  and  almost  immediately  commenced 
the  compilation  of  his  history,  the  first  volume  of  which  was  pub- 
lished in  1816,  the  second  in  1820,  the  third  in  1823,  and  the 
fourth  and  last  volume  not  having  been  wholly  arranged  at  the 
time  of  his  death,  was  not  given  to  the  world  until  1840.  The 
biographical  sketches  in  his  History  of  Durham  evince  the  kindli- 
ness of  the  author's  disposition,  and  the  pedigree  and  descents  of 
property  his  laborious  research,  while  the  notes  disclose  the 
luxuriance  of  his  own  imagination,  together  with  an  extensive 
cultivation  of  the  polite  literature  of  ancient  and  modern  times. 
Towards  the  neighbouring  poor,  by  whom  he  was  much  beloved, 
he  often  carried  his  consideration  to  a  fanciful  refinement.  He 
would  frequently  drop  small  sums  of  money  on  the  road,  and 
enjoy  the  notion  of  the  unexpected  pleasure  that  the  next  poor 
person  passing  by  would  feel  in  acquiring  them,  unencumbered  with 
the  debt  of  gratitude.  He  extended  his  sympathies  to  the  brute  crea- 
tion, and  in  his  love  for  dogs  was  a  successful  rival  of  his  friend  Sir 
Walter  Scott.  His  manner  was  generally  distinguished  by  courtesy 
and  consideration,  but  false  pretension  of  any  sort  he  could  not 
bring  himself  to  tolerate,  and  unlucky  was  the  man  who,  in  his 
presence,  ostentatiously  affected  to  know  more  than  he  did,  for  besides 
that  he  was  unusually  ready  in  wit  and  sarcasm,  it  might  be  said 
of  him  on  such  occasions,  as  was  said  of  Dr.  Johnson,  that  if  his 
pistol  missed  fire  he  would  knock  you  down  with  the  butt  end  of  it. 
He  was  buried  midst  the  tears  of  the  surrounding  poor  on  the 
15th  of  February,  1834,  in  the  churchyard  of  Bishop  Middleham, 
where  an  elegant  monument  has  been  erected  to  his  memory  by  his 
widow. 

February  14. — This  day,  an  old  woman,  named  Jane  Gordon, 
arrived  at  the  Mendicity  office,  Newcastle,  after  travelling  from 
her  native  place,  Linlithgow,  in  Scotland,  to  Toworth,  near 


A.D.  1834.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  17 

Bawtry^  in  Yorkshire.  She  was  100  years  of  age,  and  had  per- 
formed the  task  three  times  in  the  last  three  years  ;  but  in  this,  her 
last  attempt,  she  failed.  In  June,  1823,  she  walked  upwards  of 
400  miles,  at  an  average  of  eighteen  miles  a  day.  Her  case  being 
made  known  to  several  charitable  individuals,  a  sum  was  soon 
raised  to  clothe  and  send  her  home.  Mr.  Radford,  one  of  the 
proprietors  of  the  Turf  Hotel  coach  office,  generously  gave  her  a 
free  passage  to  Edinburgh.  She  had  been  a  widow  54  years,  and 
received  an  allowance,  the  last  twenty  from  her  husband's  native 
place  in  Yorkshire. 

1834  (February. — This  month,  Mr.  Bowes,  of  Chapel-row,  near 
Bishop  Auckland,  having  been  annoyed  by  the  occasional  stopping 
of  his  clock,  sent  for  a  clock-maker,  to  ascertain  the  cause,  when 
it  was  found  that  a  mouse  had  built  her  nest  among  the  works, 
where  she  was  actually  rearing  a  young  litter. 

February  14. — Died  at  his  house  in  Albion  Street,  Newcastle, 
the  Rev.  Henry  Deer  Griffith,  incumbent  of  St.  Andrew's,  lecturer 
at  St.  Nicholas',  and  chaplain  to  the  Trinity  House.  In  the  death 
of  this  gentleman,  the  public  had  to  deplore  the  loss  of  a  very 
amiable  and  accomplished  man,  and  a  most  able  and  eloquent 
minister  of  the  established  church.  In  life  he  was  beloved  and 
respected,  he  died  esteemed  and  regretted  by  all  who  knew  him. 

February  15. — The  miners  employed  at  the  Monkwearmouth 
colliery  penetrated  through  the  main  seam  of  coal,  which  is  six 
feet  nine  inches  in  depth,  and  264  fathoms  from  the  surface. 

February  26. — Wednesday  about  four  o'clock,  the  bark  mill 
occupied  by  Mr.  Jonathan  Priestman,  situated  in  Low  Friar-street, 
Newcastle,  was  discovered  to  be  on  fire.  The  engines  of  the  New- 
castle and  North  British  fire  offices,  and  those  from  the  barracks, 
were  speedily  in  attendance,  but  from  the  strong  wind  which  was 
then  blowing  at  the  time  and  the  height  which  the  fire  had  readied 
before  assistance  could  be  procured,  all  hope  of  saving  the  pre- 
mises where  it  first  originated  were  abandoned.  Every  effort  was 
therefore  directed  to  prevent  the  dreadful  conflagration  from 
spreading,  which  was  successful.  The  loss  of  property,  however, 
was  very  considerable. 

March  3. — Thomas  Drummond  of  Biddick,  county  of  Durham, 
pitman,  was  declared  by  a  respectable  jury  at  the  Court  House, 
Edinburgh,  to  be  lawful  heir  male  to  his  grand  uncle,  John  Drum- 
mond only  brother  to  James  Drummond,  last  earl  of  Perth,  com- 
monly called  Duke  of  Perth.  Mr.  Drummond  afterwards  pub- 
lished his  case,  claiming  the  title  and  estates  of  the  earls  of  Perth, 
and  attempted  to  prosecute  his  claim  before  the  committee  of 
privileges  of  the  House  of  Lords,  but  not  being  able  to  raise  the 
necessary  funds  proved  one  if  not  the  chief  obstacle  to  his  suc- 
cess. The  earldom  was  likewise  claimed  by  the  duke  de  Melfort, 
and  was  eventually  obtained  by  him  in  1853.* 

March  15. — Died,  at  South  Shields,  aged  100  years,  Mrs.  Alice 
Scott. 

*  An  interesting  account  of  the  above  may  be  had  of  T,  Fordyce. 
D 


18  UISTORIGAL   REGISTER   Of  [A.D.    1834, 

1834  (March  15). — Saturday  at  niaht,  between  twelve  and  one 
o'clock,  a  young  man  named  Master-man,  a  Cooper  in  Newcastle,, 
was  assisting  an  acquaintance  named  Waddle  to  his  residence  at  the 
South  Shore,  near  Messrs.  Hawks  and  Co.'s  factory,  he  was- 
accosted  by  three  men  when  near  Black  wall  paper  mill,  and 
knocked  do\vn  by  011x3  of  them  with  what  resembled  a  broken  oar 
and  robbed  of  a  sovereign,  four  shillings  in  silver,  and  his  watch. 
His  hat  was  found  next  morning  near  Redheugh.  He  was  so- 
dreadfully  disabled  that  he  could  not  move,  and  after  being 
exposed  to  the  cold  several  hours,  was  found  between  six  and  seven- 
in  the  morning  with  his  pockets  turned  inside  out,  and  on  being- 
removed  home  was  in  such  a  precarious  state  that  Mr.  Alderman 
Shadforth  attended  on  Sunday  evening  with  Mr.  J.  Brown,  and 
took  his  deposition.  Waddle  was  also  robbed,  but  not  seriously 
injured.  On  the  Monday,  three  young  men  were  taken  upon  sus- 
picion, viz.,  Benjamin  Bramwell  and  Martin  Lennox,  smiths,  and 
John  Pybus,  an  apprentice  to  a  builder.  After  undergoing  an- 
examination,  they  were  remanded  until  Wednesday,  when  they 
were  again  brought  before  the  mayor  and  magistrates.  Bramwell 
gave  a  voluntary  account  of  himself  and  such  further  information; 
as  implicated  his  companions,  and  warranted  the  magistrates  in 
committing  them  for  trial,  At  the  assizes  held  at  Durham  in  the 
month  of  August  following,  Lennox  and  Pybus  were  found  guilty 
of  highway  robbery,  Bramwell  being  admitted  king's  evidence. 

March  20. — A  fine  vessel  of  aboat  eight  keels  burden,  and  the 
only  one  ever  built  above  the  Tyne  bridge,  was  launched  at 
Chatham,  in  the  presence  of  a  large  assemblage  of  spectator*. 
She  was  called  The  Frolic,  and  intended  for  the  Baltic  trade. 

March  22. — During  a  heavy  gale  of  wind,  a  new  chapel,  which 
was  building  at  Monkwearmouth  for  the  Baptists,  was  blown 
down.  On  the  same  day  a  portion  of  the  lead  "on  the  roof  of  the 
Natural  History  Society's  building  in  Westgate- street,  Newcastle, 
weighing  upwards  of  a  ton,  was  also  blown  dawn,  and  fell  on  the 
top  of  the  adjacent  workshops  of  Messrs.  Dotehin,  cabinet  makers, 
and  did  considerable  damage. 

March  24. — About  four  o'clock  in  the  morning,  Ayton  House 
near  Berwick,  the  seat  of  J.  Fordyee,  esq.,  was  discovered  to  be 
in  flames,  and  the  family  and  domestics  just  escaped  with  their 
lives  almost  in  a  state  of  nudity.  A  messenger  was  immediately 
sent  to  Berwick,  but  before  the  engine  could  arrive  a  great  part  of 
the  roof  had  fallen  in,  and  furniture,  library,  &c.,  were  destroyed. 
By  the  exertions  of  the  firemen,  the  kitchen,  cellars,  and  one  of 
the  wings  of  the  house  were  saved.  Everything  else  was  con- 
sumed. The  fire  was  supposed  to  have  originated  in  one  of  the 
servant's  rooms,  where  she  had  left  a  can-die  burning.  The  furni- 
ture, &c  ,  were  insured  in  the  Sun  and  Phoenix  offices  to  the 
amount  of  £8000. 

March  27. — As  George  Johnson,  in  the  employ  of  Messrs. 
Fletcher,  dr\  s  liters,  Newcastle,  was  driving  a  cart  of 
to  die  carriers,  a  hackney  couch,  driven  by  Thomas 


A.D.  1834.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  19 

Forster,  unfortunately  ran  against  him  with  such  violence  as  to 
bring  him  in  contact  with  the  shaft  of  the  cart,  which  was  standing 
in  the  street,  and  to  cause  three  of  his  ribs  to  be  broken  ;  he  lay 
on  the  footpath  for  some  time  as  if  dead.  The  man  who  drove  the 
hackney  coach,  was  conveying  a  person  to  Durham,  who  had  a 
broken  leg  ;  and,  strange  to  say,  as  soon  as  he  had  driven  the 
coach  to  Durham,  he  complained  himself  of  being  ill,  requested  to 
be  taken  to  his  son's  house,  and  died  the  following  morning. 

1834  (March  28;. — The  following  melancholy  event  took  place 
at  Low  Buston,  near  Warkworth.  A  cow,  roused  by  some  boys, 
attacked  a  female  who  was  driving  her,  and  tossed  her  several 
times  over  her  head,  and  continued  to  gore  her  for  some  minutes, 
notwithstanding  the  efforts  of  several  individuals  who  were  attracted 
to  the  spot,  and  had  much  difficulty  in  extricating  the  poor  woman 
from  her  perilous  situation.  She  was,  however,  removed  to  a 
house,  and  found  to  be  much  injured,  and  in  a  dangerous  state. 
Another  woman,  an  eye-witness  to  the  accident,  and  who  had 
gone  to  her  assistance,  died  immediately  afterwards,  from  the  effects 
of  the  fright. 

March  30. — Mr.  William  Gallon,  of  Wooler,  innkeeper,  when 
digging  a  drain  to  conduct  water  into  his  court-yard,  from  the 
Water  Company's  pipes  in  the  street,  found  a  large  stone  trough 
of  a  singular  shape,  being  wide  at  one  end  and  narrow  at  the  other 
full  of  rich  black  mould,  with  a  small  quantity  of  white  earthy 
substance  resembling  adipocere,  of  very  offensive  odour,  from  which 
circumstance  it  was  thought  to  be  an  ancient  stone  coffin,  one  end 
of  which  was  close  to  the  foundation  of  his  house,  the  latter  being 
nearly  800  years  old. 

April  9. —  The  dead  body  of  a  woman,  named  Ann  Lumsden, 
was  found  upon  the  sea-shore  at  Hendon,  near  Sunderland, 
supposed  to  have  been  murdered.  A  man,  named  Thomas 
Hodgson,  was  fully  committed  to  take  his  trial  upon  the  charge, 
but  was  honourably  acquitted  at  the  Assizes,  held  at  Durham  in 
the  following  August. 

April  16. — Died,  at  Bedlington,  North  Durham,  aged  104,  Mary, 
widow  of  Mr.  Robert  Gallon. 

April  31. — Charles  May,  a  clerk  in  the  office  of  a  solicitor  in 
Newcastle,  was  fully  committed  for  trial  at  the  Assizes,  on  a 
charge  of  stealing  174  volumes,  and  a  great  number  of  prints, 
which  had  been  torn  out  of  books,  all  belonging  to  Dr.  Thomlin- 
son's  Library  in  St.  Nicholas'  church,  in  that  town.  May  was 
transported  for  seven  years. 

May  6. — An  elegant  new  barge,  for  the  use  of  the  right 
worshipful  the  mayor  and  corporation  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 
was  launched  from  the  building- yard  of  Messrs.  John  Oliver  and 
Son,  boat-builders,  South  Shields. 

May  12. — A  fire  broke  out  on  the  premises  belonging  to 
Cress  well  Baker,  esq.,  at  Hareup- Hill- End,  near  Bewick,  in  the 
county  of  Northumberland,  occupied  by  two  farm-servants,  which 
consumed  the  whole  of  the  building,  together  with  a  quantity  of 


20  HISTORICAL    REGISTER  OP  [A.D.  1834. 

corn  that  was  in  the  granary,  also  three  wheat  stacks,  and  a  large 
hay-rick.     The  fire  originated  in  the  chimney. 

1  (May.) — The  church  of  St.  Nicholas  had  a  new  north  porch 
and  buttresses  erected,  to  correspond  with  those  on  the  south. 


ST,  NICHOLAS'  CHURCH, 

From  Groat  Market,  with  foot  of  Middle-street,  the  site  of  the  latter  now 
occupied  by  the  Town  Hall  Buildings. 

May  15. — The  upper  part  of  the  Stanhope  and  Tyne  Railway 
extending  from  Stanhope  to  Annfield,  county  of  Durham,  a  distance 
of  about  sixteen  miles,  was  opened.  A  party  of  gentlemen  left 
Annfield  at  eight  o'clock  in  the  morning  by  a  railway  waggon, 
tastefully  fitted  up  for  the  occasion,  and  arrived  at  the  termination 
of  the  line  about  eleven,  highly  gratified  with  the  whole  line  of 
road,  but  especially  with  that  part  of  it  which  crosses  the  precipi- 
tous ravine  called  the  Hownes.  At  one  o'clock  the  first  four  lime 
waggons  were  started  from  the  spacious  range  of  kilns  belonging 
to  the  company,  and  speedily  ascended  the  steep  inclined 


A.D.   1834.J  REMARKABLE  EVENT3.  21 

adjoining  Stanhope,  amidst  the  cheers  of  an  immense  crowd  of 
spectators.  A  splendid  dinner  had  been  provided  for  400  persons 
by  the  spirited  proprietors  of  the  railway.  But  the  hilarity  of  the 
occasion  was  much  damped  by  the  occurrence  of  a  serious  and 
fatal  accident.  Four  carriages,  in  which  there  could  be  no  less 
than  from  forty  to  fifty  people,  had  just  commenced  the  descent  of 
the  second  inclined  plane,  when  one  of  the  shackles  suddenly 
snapped,  and  the  waggons  ran  with  great  velocity  against  some 
other  waggons,  when  by  the  shock  one  man  was  killed,  and  a  boy, 
nine  years  of  age,  so  seriously  injured,  that  he  died  during  the 
night.  Several  others  had  bones  fractured  by  leaping  off  the 
waggons  during  their  descent,  and  many  received  various  con- 
tusions. 

1834  (May  28.) — Being  his  majesty's  birthday,  a  royal  salute 
was  fired  from  the  castle,  the  bells  rung  several  merry  peals,  and 
the  Newcastle  volunteers  fired  a  feu  dejoie  on  the  Sandhill.  The 
ships  in  harbour  also  hoisted  their  flags,  and  other  demonstrations 
of  joy  were  observed  in  different  parts  of  the  town. 

June  22. — A  new  Catholic  chapel  at  Minster  Acres  was  opened. 

June  23. — Workmen  began  to  prepare  ground  at  the  entrance  of 
the  Sunderland  market  for  the  erection  of  the  arcade  there. 

July  l. — James  Liddell,  convicted  at  the  Durham  assizes  of 
forgery,  escaped  from  the  prison  between  the  hours  of  one  and  two 
o'clock  in  the  afternoon.  He  had  forced  two  locks,  and  by  the 
assistance  of  some  rope  and  a  ladder,  got  over  the  back  wall  of 
the  prison. 

July  2. — The  black  tigress  belonging  to  Wombwell's  menagerie 
produced  a.  litter  of  young  ones  in  Newcastle.  This  is  the  first 
instance  of  a  breed  having  been  obtained  from  those  animals  in. 
England. 

About  this  period  a  person  named  Thomas  Elliott,  aged  87,  but 
better  known  in  most  parts  of  Northumberland  as  Tommy  the 
tinker,  died  at  Chollerton  Edge,  in  that  county.  He  generally 
resided  at  Stamfordham,  and  in  his  peregrinations  through  life 
used  frequently  to  walk  from  Tweedmouth  to  the  latter  place,  a 
distance  of  upwards  of  sixty  miles,  in  one  day.  He  was  very 
industrious,  and  is  said  to  have  reaped  corn  regularly  every  year 
for  seventy-four  years. 

July  4. — A  dog,  which  was  in  an  attic  in  a  three  storey  house 
in  Maud's  lane,  Sunderland,  on  a  gesture  made  by  the  person  with 
whom  it  was  in  charge,  sprung  through  the  window,  which  was 
open,  and  fell  to  the  ground  on  the  pavement  unhurt,  a  height  of 
33  feet.  The  animal  was  upwards  of  four  stone  weight. 

July  15. — The  bells  of  the  churches  in  Newcastle  rung  several 
rnerry  peals  on  account  of  the  common  council  giving  their  formal 
sanction  to  Mr.  Graingers's  improvement  plans.  The  same  even- 
ing Mr.  Grainger's  workmen  were  regaled  in  the  Nuns-field  with 
a  plentiful  supply  of  strong  ale,  &c.,  which  drew  together  a  great 
crowd  of  spectators,  whose  excited  feelings  led  them  to  acts  of 
violence.  After  being  desired  to  depart,  they  became  furious,  and 


22  HISTORICAL   REGISTER    OF  [>.D.   1833. 

broke  into  the  mansion  called  Anderson  Place  occupied^  by  T. 
Anderson,  esq.,  and  destroyed  the  whole  of  a  splendid  stair-case, 
and  did  other  mischief. 

18'M  (Juty  19.J— There  was  livin£  at  Stella  Path-head  a  Wldow 
named  Catherine  Miles,  of  the  extraordinary  age  of  103  years, 
and  so  active  and  vigorous  that  a  month  previously  she  carried  a 
stone  of  flour  from  Newcastle  to  her  home,  a  distance  of  five  or 
six  miles.  Her  son  had  promised  to  take  her  to  Stella  in  the 
wherry,  but  she  would  not  wait  for  that  conveyance. 

Jit  ft/  22. — A  murder  was  perpetrated  on  the  body  of  Thomas 
.t  Uebburn  Quay.  A  slight  quarrel  arose  at  a  tea  drinking 
held  in  a  public  house.  Thomas  Lee  accidentally  putting  out  his 
foot  which  tripped  up  a  girl  while  dancing,  and  broke  her  sandal, 
she  immediately  made  complaint  to  her  sweetheart,  Daniel 
Stewart,  who  remonstrated  with  Lee  in  an  angry  tone.  Lee  readily 
apologised,  and  Stewart  shook  hands.  The  three  then  in  token  of 
reconciliation  drunk  each  other's  health,  but  two  of  Stewart's 
companions,  sailors,  were  desirous  to  fight  Lee,  who  declined  com- 
bat with  either  of  them.  The  festivities  continued  until  2  o'clock, 
when  the  party  broke  up  the  quarrel  recommenced,  and  Lee  was 
killed  by  a  blow  with  a  pewter  pot.  He  was  thrown  into  the 
water,  and  was  not  found  until  half-tide  next  morning  at  ten. 
o'clock.  At  the  assizes  held  the  next  week  at  Durham  one  of  the 
men  named  Willis  was  found  guilty  of  manslaughter,  and  sen- 
tenced to  seven  years'  transportation. 

July  24. — A  splendid  large  ship,  fully  rigged  and  manned,  with 
one  hundred  tons  of  ballast  in  her  hold,  and  in  every  respect  fitted 
for  sea,  was  launched  from  the  building-yard  of  Mr.  Reay, 
Walker- on- the-Tyne,  and  proceeded  to  sea  on  her  voyage. 

July  28. — While  a  horse  and  gig  were  awaiting  two  gentlemen 
in  the  Main-street  of  Sunderland,  the  horse  became  restive,  and 
the  man  who  had  the  charge  of  it  losing  his  hold,  it  took  off  at 
full  speed  down  the  street,  and  came  in  contact  with  a  lamp-post, 
which  it  broke,  and,  unfortunately,  just  at  that  moment,  a 
blind  man,  called  Thomas  Willis,  better  known  as  "  Blind  Tom," 
was  passing  the  spot,  part  of  the  lamp-post  fell  upon  his  head,  and 
fractured  his  skull,  and  the  gig  also  went  over  him.  The  poor 
man  was  so  dreadfully  bruised  that  he  died  the  next  morning  at 
one  o'clock. 

Jnlij  26.— Mr.  Green,  according  to  a  promise  he  had  made  to  the 
inhabitants  of    Darlington,   in    consequence    of    a    failure    in    an 
attempt  to  ascend  a  few  days  before,  commenced  the  process  of 
inflating  his  balloon  in  a  field,  the  use  of  which  was  granted  for 
the  occasion,  adjoining  Mr.  E.   Pease's  house.     About  a  quarter 
before  six  o'clock,  the  balloon  having  received  a  supply  of  ^as,  the 
cords  were  slackened  to  allow  it  to  clear  itself,  it   was  then   fas- 
id  on  a  cart  with  the  car,  in  which  Mr.  Green  and  two  females 
e  seated.     It  was  then  conducted  up  North- street,  preceded  by 
id  playing  favourite  airs.     It  was  a  magnificent  si*ht,  and  the 
K  was  much  crowded  with  spectators.     On  reaching  the  market 


A.D.    U  REM  LBKABLE    K\  ENTS. 

In-  made  :i  splendid  ascent,  to  the  admiration  <>f  :m  immense  mul- 
titude, lie  landed  at  I'iliuoor  House,  near  Croft,  about  four  mile* 
from  Darlington. 

IS;',  |.  (,//////."><>.) — Mr.   (JrainL'-cr  rommeti-'ed    to   dike   the   levels 

;ilid  l:iy  out,  the  III!  elided  new  market*  and  Hlreets  in  the  NmiS- 
lield,  Newcastle.  I  Miring  the ;  excavations  the  workmen  found  an 
ancient,  east  of  a  <  rnci!i\,  lh"  remains  of  a.  i'/ilt,  spur,  a  farthing  of 
\Yilliam  the,  Third,  and  two  other  small  coins. 

August  I  — l>i*'d  at  Canton,  ajjvd  52,  tbti  Kev.  IJobert  Morrison, 
]).!).  '1'liis  disliiiL'ni.shed  mi;  sionary  and  oriental  sehohr  was  born 
jil.  Wiii»atfS,  in  the  parish  of  Loiijjdiorslev,  Northuinbei  land,  on 
Ilie  ;»!h  of  January,  1 7<S -;,  l»nt  removed  in  infancy  to  Huller^ 
(Jreen,  Moi-p'.'th,  where  he  eontiiineil  to  residt^  till  :il»out,  17^;'), 
when  his  parents  removed  to  Nr.wrast.le.  A I  an  early  ajjje  he 
became  apprenlii-e,  to  his  father,  who  was  a  Diinfi-rinlinu  man, 
and  \\  hose  hiisiness  was  that  of  a  last,  and  boot,  tree  maker,  in 
Avhieh  business  his  son  soon  heeame  skilful  and  industrious.  The 
.shop  in  which  he  wrought  was  in  :i  passage  in  the.  ( J  roat,- market , 
now  known  by  tin;  name  of  Da^'s-entry  or  Morrison's-«)iirt. 


WOllKSiMU'.  DAGO'S  KN'I'li  V,  (i  la  )AT  MA  I!  KMT. 

Whilst,  but  a  youth  his  passion  for  knowledge  l)eeame  intense,  nnd 
the  K<  v.  A.  Laidla\v,  of  the,  Silver-street  J'reshy t»;ri:in  chape], 
was  his  (irst  insiructor  in  (jln-ck,  Latin,  and  1  Ichrew.  ll<^c,om- 
nieneed  to  wi'ite  shoi'thand,  to  stud)1  theiJo^y,  and  he(;ame  a  /ealou.s 

member  of  the  Society  for  the  lielie.f  of  the  Homeless  Poor.     In 

1*01  In-  was  snllieiently  advanced  in  his  studies  to  p:is.s  his  exami- 
n:»ti.»n  as  a  cler;j)  man,  and  ah'.nl,  a  year  after  he.  offered  himself 
as  a  missionary  to  China,  and  was  accepted.  The  first  'jrcat 

abject  of  the  mission   was  to   form  a  Chinese  dictionary,  the  next 

to  translate  the,  script  HITS.  P.oth  these  giv;it  works  have  been 
accomplished  hy  the  two  first  men  appointed  to  the  mission,  Mr. 


24  HISTORICAL    REGISTER  OP  |>.D.  1834. 

Morrison  and  Mr.  Milne,  the  latter  of  whom  departed  this  life 
some  Team  Rgo.  The,  translation  of  the  scriptures  was  a  work 
common  to  l..'.il,  of  these  two  eminent  missionaries.  The  transla- 
tion and  compilation  of  the  dictionary  was  Mr  Morrison  a  own, 
.„„!  is  the  monument  of  his  fame.  His  remains  were  followed  from 
l.is  residence  to  the  river  side  by  Lord  Napier  and  all  the 
Furom-an.  American,  and  Asiatic  British  subjects  in  Canton.  The 
corpse  was  forwarded  to  Macao,  and  followed  to  the  grave  by 
about  forty  Knropoari  gentlemen,  and  interred  in  the  Protestant 
burial  ground  in  that  settlement. 

;  (.\ntjnft  1). — A  new  joint  stock  coach  commenced  to  run 
between  Gateshead  and  Stanhope  by  way  of  Whickham,Burnopfield, 
Lanchester,Wolsingham,&c,  This  was  the  first  coach  ever  attempted 
on  that  line  of  road. 

A  mjnst  5. — Died,  at  ITartlepool,  Durham,  Edward  Dixon,  esq., 
aired  '1\.  Mr.  Dixon's  family,  (Dixon  of  Beeston)  is  one  of  con- 
siderable antiquity,  having  been  located  at  Beeston,  in  Yorkshire, 
for  several  centuries,  and  being  also  the  representative  of  the  very 
ancient  line  of  the  De  Beistons,  the  last  of  whom,  Dorothy  de 
Beiston,  who  died  in  1G35,  married  his  ancestor  Ralph  Dixon, 
esq ,  and  from  the  eldest  son  of  which  marriage  Mr.  Dixon  was 
descended. 

August  6. — Died,  in  the  73rd  year  of  his  age  James  Wilkie, 
M.D.,  resident  surgeon  and  apothecary  to  the  Dispensary,  New- 
castle, which  important  situation  he  filled  upwards  of  fifty  years. 
During  this  long  period  he  discharged  with  great  ability,  singular 
fidelity,  and  unwearied  zeal,  the  duties  of  his  office,  to  which  his 
uncommonly  healthy  constitution  and  vigorous  mind  enabled  him 
punctually  to  attend  till  within  a  few  months  of  the  close  of  his 
valuable  life.  He  was  remarkable  for  his  simplicity  of  manner, 
energy  and  decision  of  character,  honest  pride,  love  of  justice,  and 
integrity,  and  for  his  humanity  and  benevolence  of  disposition,  and 
steady  attachment  to  his  friends,  but  the  most  prominent  quality 
in  his  character,  and  the  one  for  which  he  is  entitled  to  be  remem- 
bered with  the  greatest  respect  and  gratitude,  was  his  generous 
and  humane  attention  to  every  case  of  distress  which  it  was  in  his 
power  to  relieve. 

August  9. — A  locust  of  extraordinary  size  was  found  alive  in  the 

nursery  of  William  Falla,  esq ,  of  Gateshead.     It  was  similar  to 

the  specimen  described  by  Lineaus  as  the  migratory  locust.     This 

ery  singular  circumstance,  and  its  being  found  in  that  part  of 

the  country  is  of  very  rare  occurrence. 

August  10.— The  fine  ship,  Palmer,  600  tons  burthen,  sailed 
from  Newcastle  with  passengers  and  goods,  to  Van  Dieman's 
Land  and  New  South  Wales,  being  the  first  vessel  that  had  left 
the  port  of  Tyne  for  these  colonies. 

AwjuKt  25.— Mr.  William  Walker,  mason,  of  Branton,  North- 
umberland, and  Mr.  William  Atkinson,  joiner,  Powburn,  accom- 
panied by  Mr.   Thomas  Duncan,  teacher,  Glanton,  left    Branton 
arly  m  the  morning  to  go  trout  fishing  in  the  river  Breamish.     In 


A.D.  1834.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  25 

consequence  of  the  heavy  fall  of  rain  that  morning  the  water  be- 
gan very  rapidly  to  overflow  the  banks,  and  whilst  the  party  were 
attempting  to  cross  a  small  brook,  which  runs  into  the  Breamish, 
but  which  had  swollen  very  much  with  the  rain,  a  melancholy  circum- 
stance took  place.  Walker,  who  went  into  the  water  first, 
immediately  disappeared.  Atkinson,  who  was  a  very  athletic  man, 
plunged  in  to  save  him,  but  unhappily  he  sunk  also,  but  soon  after- 
wards came  to  the  top,  and  reached  out  his  fishing  rod,  which  he 
still  kept  hold  of,  to  Mr.  Duncan  ;  unfortunately,  however,  the 
water  was  running  so  furiously  that  the  rod  on  which  the  lives  of 
Atkinson  and  Walker  were  depending,  broke,  and  they  again  sunk 
to  rise  no  more.  Mr.  Duncan's  humanity  for  his  fellow  sufferers 
prompted  him  to  plunge  in  also,  but  he  was  soon  carried  away  by 
the  furious  current,  and  had  it  not  been  for  the  timely  assistance 
of  Mr.  Robert  Donkin,  of  Ingram,  he  would  have  shared  the  fate 
of  his  companions.  He  was  taken  out  of  the  water  almost  in  a 
lifeless  state. 

1834  (August  29.J — Died,  at  Percy  Main,  aged  93,  Mr.  Charles 
Gardener.  It  is  somewhat  singular  that,  during  his  long  life,  it 
only  cost  him  two  shillings  and  sixpence  for  medicine,  and  one 
shilling  for  extracting  two  teeth.  He  worked  until  his  90th  year. 

August  19. — This  was  the  most  successful  herring  season  on 
the  coast  of  Northumberland  ever  remembered,  and  was  the 
means  of  employing  a  great  many  industrious  fishermen  and  their 
families,  in  the  process  of  curing;  they  were  sold  in  the  streets  of 
Alnwick  at  six  a  penny. 

September  8. — Two  gentlemen  from  Durham,  James  and 
Cuthbert  Kirby,  brothers,  attended  the  Falkirk  Tryst,  and 
purchased  a  number  of  sheep,  which  were  sent  forward  on  their 
way  to  England,  to  Shieldhill,  a  village  about  two  miles  to  the 
south  of  Falkirk,  in  the  charge  of  Cuthbert  Kirby,  and  a  drover. 
The  sheep  were  put  into  a  field,  and  Mr.  Kirby,  after  having 
partaken  of  supper,  went  out,  but  not  returning,  his  absence 
began  to  create  uneasiness,  and  about  ten  o'clock,  a  man  went  in 
search  of  him.  Every  exertion  to  discover  the  trace  of  Mr. 
Kirby  proved  fruitless,  when  it  was  suspected  that  he  had 
fallen  down  an  old  coal  pit,  which  had  been  allowed  to  stand  open, 
without  so  much  as  a  fence  around  the  mouth  of  it.  This 
culpable  negligence  was  the  cause  of  death  in  this  instance. 
Some  of  the  workmen  at  Carron  lent  their  assist;mce  and  soon 
had  a  windlass  on  the  spot,  and  as  a  precautionary  measure 
against  gas,  which  was  likely  to  have  accumulated  at  the  bottom 
of  the  mine,  a  colliers  lamp  was  let  down,  and  an  intrepid 
individual,  William  Henderson,  then  descended  to  the  full  depth, 
of  120  feet,  and  found  the  corpse  of  the  unfortunate  man.  A 
dreadful  wound  presented  itself  on  the  left  temple,  the  skull 
being  completely  driven  in,  the  left  shoulder  was  likewise  broken, 
and  one  of  the  thighs  much  injured. 

September  10. — This  was  the  day  fixed  for  the  ceremony  of 
opening  the  entire  line  of  the  Stanhope  and  Tyne  Railroad,  and 

E 


2(J  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [_A,D.  1834, 

in  consequence,  from  an  early  hour  in  the  morning,  much  interest 

scited  in  the  neighbourhood  of  the  company  s  works  at  South 

Shi. -his        About   two  o'clock,  an  engine  arrived  from  Medomsley 

ing    100    waggons    of    coal,    and    this    train    was 

followed  bv  a  .second,   containing   the   directors   of  the   line   and 

their  friends.     The  coal  was  then  deposited  in  the  ship  Sally,  of 

South  Shields,  being  the  first  vessel  loaded  at  the  new  drops.      A 

dinner  was  given  to  the  workmen,   1,000   in  number,  and  a  grand 

banquet  afterwards  took  place  at  the  Golden  Lion  Inn,  R.  Ingham, 

.M.P.,  in  the  chair,  at  which  120  gentlemen  sat  down.     The 

Stanhope    and  Tyne  Railway  was  32  miles  in   length,    and   was 

constructed  by  agreement  with  the  landowners,   without  the  aid 

of  parliament,  at  a  cost  of  upwards  of  half  a  million  sterling. 

ls;M  (September  15.)— The  river  Tyne  displayed  one  of  the  most 
animating  scenes  that  had  ever  probably  been  witnessed  upon  its 
waters.  The  occasion  was  the  holding  of  a  Regatta  for  the  first 
time  in  this  neighbourhood  ;  and  about  mid  day  crowds  of  well- 
dressed  people  were  proceeding  to  the  place  appointed  for  the 
races,  a  number  of  equestrians,  and  carriages  filled  for  the  most 
part  with  fashionably  attired  ladies,  added  considerably  to  the 
lively  bustle  of  the  scene.  The  Regatta  was  appointed  to  take 
place  at  12  o'clock,  and  shortly  after  that  hour  the  stewards, 
namely,  the  Right  Worshipful  the  Mayor  (Henry  Bell,  esq.), 
J.  T.Carr,  esq  ,  deputy  master  of  the  Trinity-house,  and  W.  A. 
Surtees,  esq.,  arrived  in  a  boat,  at  the  stern  of  which  was 
exhibited  a  blue  silk  flag,  bearing  the  arms  of  the  town  surmounted 
by  the  words  "  Tyne  Regatta,"  the  barges  of  the  Mayor,  the 
Trinity-house,  a  private  barge,  several  steamers  with  their  decks 
thronged  with  passengers,  the  gigs  which  were  intended  to  compete 
for  the  prizes,  and  a  large  number  of  other  boats  followed,  and 
the  river  at  the  head  of  the  King's  Meadows,  presented  a  spectacle 
of  a  peculiarly  striking  character. 

September  17 — One  of  the  very  large  steam  boilers  at  Elemore 
pit,  Helton  Colliery,  Durham,  by  some  unexplained  circumstance 
was  shifted  from  its  place  by  the  force  of  the  steam,  and  thrown 
a  distance  of  forty  yards,  and  rolled ^ten  yards  further.  A  man 
named  George  Bell  was  killed  upon  the  spot.  Peter  Thornton,, 
ami  William  Smith,  were  severely  scalded.  John  Potts  was 
thrown  a  very  great  distance  against  an  ashheap,  and  with  such 
force  that  he  was  completely  engulphed  in  it,  and  could  not  be 
extricated  till  the  ashes  had  been  cleared  from  around  him. 

September  19. — The  "London  Gazette"  contained  an  order 
in  Council,  declaring  Newcastle-upon-Tyne  one  of  the  ports  for 
the  importation  of  goods  from  places  within  thetlimits  of  the  East 
India  Company's  charter. 

October  4.— A  serious  accident  happened  at  Springwell  colliery, 
near  Eighton  Banks,  the  property  of  Lord  Ravensworth  and 
L  artners,  by  the  falling  of  a  heavy  piece  of  timber  down  the  pit, 
which  alighted  upon  a  scaffold  or  "cradle,"  on  which  were 
standing  William  Puncheon,  a  brakesman,  and  John  Smith, 


A.D.  1834."]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  27 

wasteman,  the  weight  of  which  precipitated  them  to  the  bottom, 
a  depth  of  thirty  fathoms,  and  they  were  both  killed  upon  the  spot. 

1834-  (October  6.) — The  annual  election  of  corporate  officers 
took  place  in  Newcastle,  when  John  Lionel  Hood,  esq.,  was 
unanimously  elected  mayor,  and  John  Mellar  Chapman,  esq., 
sheriff.  There  was  an  exciting  contest  for  the  office  of  recorder 
between  G.  H.  Wilkinson,  esq.,  and  R.  C.  Askew,  esq.,  the  latter 
being  the  corporation  candidate ;  but  the  former  was  elected  by 
a  majority  of  14  to  10.  Mr.  Alderman  RobsoR  was  elected  mayor 
of  Durham. 

October  31. — Died,  at  his  house,  in  Percy-street,  Newcastle, 
in  the  60th  year  of  his  age,  Mr.  John  Bruce.  For  upwards  of 
forty  years  he  filled  the  arduous  situation  of  a  teacher  of  youth, 
first  in  Alnwick,  his  native  place,  and  then  in  Newcastle.  The 
deceased  was  the  author  of  a  work  on  geography,  which  has 
obtained  very  wide  estimation,  and  he  was  also  the  compiler  of 
other  elementary  works.  At  the  time  of  his  death,  he  had  in 
conjunction  with  his  son,  the  Rev.  J.  C.  Bruce,  the  direction  of 
one  of  the  most  extensive  and  flourishing  seminaries  in  the  North 
of  England.  His  funeral,  which  took  place  on  November  the  5th, 
was  attended  by  a  large  number  of  the  principal  inhabitants  of 
Newcastle.  Soon  afterwards,  an  elegant  monument,  designed  by 
Mr.  J.  Green,  was  placed  in  Westgate  cemetery,  over  his  remains, 
at  the  cost  of  his  friends  and  pupils. 

October. — This  month,  the  new  line  of  road  leading  from  Belsay 
to  Otterburn,  was  opened  to  the  public.  This  desirable  under- 
taking greatly  lessens  the  distance  between  Newcastle  and 
Edinburgh,  being  now  only  98  miles. 

November  10. — Mr.  Green  ascended  with  his  balloon  from 
Tyne- street,  North  Shields.  It  was  announced  that  Mr.  Brown 
from  Sunderland,  would  accompany  him  ;  but  in  consequence  of  a 
deficiency  of  gas,  Mr.  Green  durst  not  attach  his  car  to  the  balloon, 
and  being  determined  to  ascend,  though  dissuaded  from  it,  he  went 
up  astride  a  rope  in  a  beautiful  and  majestic  manner,  and  in  about 
four  minutes  alighted  in  the  river  near  Howdon,  from  which 
situation  he  was  rescued  by  some  scullermen. 

November  11. — An  inquest  was  held  at  Ebchester,  on  the  body 
of  Isabella  Browell.  It  appeared  that  on  the  day  proceeding, 
William  Ward,  parish  clerk,  an  old  man  nearly  80  years  of  age, 
was  handling  a  gun  in  his  house,  not  knowing  it  was  loaded,  it 
went  off,  and  the  contents  lodged  in  the  body  of  the  deceased,  who 
was  his  grand  daughter,  killing  her  on  the  spot. 

November. — This  month,  the  following  extraordinary  circum- 
stances took  place  on  Williamson  Fell,  the  western  extremity  of 
Northumberland  ;  Mr.  J.  Gill,  whilst  sporting  over  the  manor  of 
his  father,  Harry  Gill,  esq.,  of  Williamson,  Knaresdale,  sat  down 
to  rest,  when  his  attention  was  attracted  by  a  moorcock  falling 
dead  at  his  feet.  On  looking  up,  he  observed  an  immense  eagle 
hovering  near,  at  which  he  immediately  fired,  and  winged  it. 
The  monarch  of  the  air,  qn  being  approached,  and  being  unable  to 


28  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   I'O  [>,D.  1834. 

effect  its  escape  by  flight,  gave  battle,  and  was  only  captured  after 

•d  struggle.      The  young  gentleman    having    overcome    his 

antagonist,  took  him  by  the  neck,  threw  him   over  his  shoulder, 

and  carried  him  to  his  father's  residence.     It  was  discovered,  on 

ming  the  moorcock,  that  the  eagle  had  struck  its  head  off 

with  his  talons,  whilst  hovering  in  the  air. 

1834  (November  IS.)— A  grand  dinner  was  given  at  the  Assembly 
Rooms,  Newcastle,  to  the  Earl  of  Durham,  by  his  friends  and 
admirers,  in  that  town.  The  chair  was  taken  by  W.  H.  Ord,  esq., 
M.P.,  who  was  supported  by  the  noble  Earl  and  W.  Ord,  esq., 
William  Hutt,  esq.,  M.P.,  Sir  W.  Chaytor,  Bart.,  M.P.,  Cuthbert 
Kippon,  esq.,  M.P.  Dr  Headlam,  the  recorder  of  Newcastle, 
W.  W.  Burdon,  esq.,  and  J.  Losh,  esq.,  officiated  as  vice-presidents. 
The  Countess  of  Durham  and  a  number  of  ladies  were  also  present, 
and  the  proceedings,  which  were  very  animated,  lasted  until  near 
midnight.  The  front  of  the  Assembly  Rooms  was  illuminated  in 
gas  jets  with  a  crown  and  "  William  IV,"  and  the  words 
"  Durham  and  Reform."  This  was  the  first  gas  illumination  ever 
seen  in  the  North,  and  was  much  admired. 

November  23. — Died,  at  his  father's  house,  in  Albion-place, 
Newcastle,  after  a  protracted  illness,  in  his  20th  year,  John 
Trotter,  eldest  son  of  John  Trotter  Brockett,  esq.  In  him  was 
found  intellectual  acquirements  of  the  highest  order,  and  to  an 
intimate  acquaintance  with  the  fine  arts,  in  the  cultivation  of 
which,  he  had  few  superiors,  was  united  an  extensive  knowledge 
of  northern  literature,  and  of  antiquarian  subjects  in  general, 

November  2k — An  explosion  of  gas  took  place  it  St.  Lawrence 
colliery,  near  Newcastle,  by  which  three  men  were  burnt  to  death. 
Two  of  the  men  were  masons,  and  had  been  building  a  wall  with 
a  naked  candle,  by  which  it  was  supposed  the  gas  became  ignited, 

November  24 — Thomas  Martin,  William  Witty,  John  Berwick, 
and  a  boy  named  John  Howe,  Avere  killed  at  Hartley  Colliery,  by 
the  breaking  of  the  rope  in  descending  the  shaft. 

November  24. — The  beadle  of  St.  Nicholas'  Church,  Newcastle, 
having  been  apprised  that  a  corpse  would  be  sent  by  the 
Ardincaple  steam  vessel  for  interment,  accordingly,  on  the  above 
day,  a  box,  directed  "A  passenger,"  was  taken  to  his  house, 
containing  a  splendid  coffin  which  was  interred  at  9  o'clock  next 
morning,  in  the  most  private  manner,  and  without  the  tolling  of 
any  bell.  The  entry  made  in  the  register  is  "  Helen  Tatlock, 
Aberdit'ii."  The  only  reason  given  was,  that  the  woman 
requested  not  to  be  buried  in  Scotland. 

December  30.— The  family  of  Mr.  Robert  Jackson,  of  New 
Elvet,  Durham,  were  fortunately  preserved  from  impending 
destruction  by  the  barking  and  howling  of  a  favourite  dog.  This 
trusty  animal  observing  two  clothes-horses  on  fire  after  the  family 
pad  ivthvd  to  rest,  sagaciously  gave  the  alarm. 

December.— A  melancholy  accident  happened  at  the  entrance  to 
Alnwiek,  from  the  west,  a  young  man  named  Aynsley,  servant  to 
Mr.  Crisp,  of  Ilugley,  was  thrown  from  his  horse,  and  had  his 


A.D.    1835.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  29 

skull  fractured,   when  found,  lie  was  in  a  dying  state,  and  expired 
before  lie  could  be  carried  home. 

1834  (December  31..) — The  body  of  a  schoolmaster  named  Tomlin- 
son,  of  North  Shields,  was  discovered  in  the  river  Tyne,  near  the 
Low-lights.     It  is  supposed  he  had  fallen  over  some  of  the  quays, 
during  the  night. 

1835  (January.) — In  consequence  of  the  dismissal  of  the  Melbourne 
Government,  Parliament  was  dissolved,  December  29,  1834,  and 
writs  were  immediately  issued  for  the  new  elections.     There  were 
four  candidates  for  the  representation  of  Newcastle,  viz.,  Sir  M.  W. 
Ridley,  bark,  Blagdon  ;  John  Hodgson,  esq.,  of  Elswick,  William 
Orel,  esq.  of  Whitlield ;  and  James  Aytoun,  esq,  of  Edinburgh. 

January  5. — John  Mellar  Chapman,  esq.,  sheriff  of  Newcastle, 
opened  the  business  of  nomination,  when  Sir  M.  W.  Ridley,  bart., 
was  proposed  by  Mr.  Alderman  Sorsbie,  and  seconded  by  Colonel 
Bell.  John  Hodgson,  esq.,  was  nominated  by  Mr.  Alderman 
Reed,  and  seconded  by  Mr.  W".  Cuthbert.  William  Ord,  esq.,  was 
proposed  by  Mr.  A.  L.  Potter,  and  seconded  by  Mr.  Charnley. 
James  Aytoun,  esq.,  was  proposed  by  Mr.  Easterby,  and  seconded 
by  Mr.  Fife,  the  last-named  two  candidates  had  the  show  of  hands. 
The  polling  commenced  on  the  morning  of  Tuesday  the  6th,  and 
closed  on  the  following  day  at  four  o'clock.  On  Thursday  the 
8th,  at  twelve  o'clock,  the  sheriff  declared  the  poll  to  be,  for 
William  Ord,  esq.,  1,844;  Sir  M.  W.  Ridley,  1,500;  John 
Hodgson,  esq.,  1,257  ;  James  Aytoun,  esq.,  988.  On  leaving  the 
hustings,  Sir  M.  W.  Ridley,  was  most  brutally  assailed  with 
missiles  of  all  descriptions  while  driving  through  the  streets  in 
his  carriage,  preceded  by  his  band,  near  the  Mansion-house,  in  the 
Close,  an  attack  was  made  upon  the  band,  and  one  of  his  colours 
was  torn  down.  At  the  foot  of  the  Side  another  of  his  colours 
was  demolished,  and  a  large  piece  of  coal  was  thrown  into  his 
carriage.  Sir  Matthew  then  ordered  the  postillions  to  move 
forward,  and  they  proceeded  at  a  rapid  pace  to  the  Queen's  Head 
Inn,  where  he  alighted. 

January. — The  representation  of  South  Shields  was  contested 
by  Robert  Ingham,  esq.,  and  R.  Bowlby,  esq.  At  the  close  of 
the  poll,  the  numbers  were,  for  Mr.  Ingham,  273,  and  for  Mr. 
Bowlby,  128. 

January. — At  Sunderland,  on  the  7th,  the  numbers  stood  at  the 
close  of  the  poll,  Alderman  Thompson,  844  ;  Mr.  Barclay,  709  ; 
Sir  William  Chaytor,  389. 

January, — The  Berwick  election  terminated  as  follows  : — • 
Bradshaw,  410 ;  Sir  R.  Donkin,  350  ;  Sir  F.  Blake,  337. 

January. — Durham  city  election  began  on  Thursday  the  8th, 
and  the  polling  on  Monday  the  12th,  and  was  carried  on  with 
great  spirit  until  within  half  an  hour  of  closing  the  poll  on  the 
second  day,  when  the  disturbance  became  so  great,  that  the  mayor 
was  obliged  to  adjourn  the  poll  until  the  following  day  at  9  o'clock, 
when  after  being  kept  up  half  an  hour,  the  numbers  were  declared 
by  the  mayor  as  follows  : — Mr.  Trevor,  473  ;  Mr.  Harland,  433  ; 


30  HISTORICAL    REGISTER  OF  [>.D.  1835. 

Mr.  Granger,  350.  The  two  former  gentlemen  weref  afterwards 
chaired  in  the  usual  form.  . 

1 835  (J<niwn-i/.)—  Tynemouth :  George  l<  redenck Young, esq., was 
returned  without  opposition. 

(ji.t.-shcml:  Cuthbert  Kippon,  esq.,  was  re-elected  without 
opposition. 

Morpeth  :  The  Hon.  E.  G.  G.  Howard  was  re-elected  without 

opposition. 

South  Northumberland:  Matthew  Bell,  esq.,  and  Thomas  W. 
Beaumont,  esq.,  were  re-elected. 

North  Northumberland:  Viscount  Howick  and  Lord  Ossulston 
were  re-elected  without  opposition. 

North  Durham :  Hedworth  Lambton,  esq.,  and  Sir  Hed worth 
Williamson,  bart.,  were  re-elected. 

South  Durham  :  John  Bowes  esq.,  and  Joseph  Pease,  esq., 
were  again  re-elected. 

January  13.— Died,  at  his  house,  in  Clavering -place,  in 
NewcastJe-upon-Tyne,  in  the  81st  year  of  his  age,  Robert  Hopper 
Williamson,  esq.,  barrister-at-law,  temporal  chancellor  of  the 
county  of  Durham.  Mr.  Williamson,  was  descended  from  the 
respectable  family  of  Hopper,  of  the  county  palatine,  and 
marrying  the  heiress  of  Dr.  Williamson,  of  Whickham,  he  assumed 
her  name  in  addition  to  his  own.  In  1794  he  was  elected  recorder 
of  Newca^tle-upon-Tvne,  which  important  office  he  filled  with  the 
most  distinguished  ability  until  the  death  of  Mrs.  Williamson,  in 
1829,  when  he  tendered  his  resignation.  He  was  appointed  to  the 
temporal  chancellorship  of  Durham,  in  1819,  by  bishop  Barrington, 
and  he  sustained  the  duties  which  appertained  to  it,  then  highly 
onerous  and  important,  in  a  manner  which  did  him  the  highest 
credit.  For  many  years  Mr.  Williamson  practised  as  a  chamber 
counsel  in  Newcastle,  and  no  man  has  ever  had  his  opinion  upon 
the  great  and  various  questions  submitted  to  his  consideration, 
more  implicitly  deferred  to — patient  and  indefatigable  in  all  his 
researches,  his  opinions  had  the  moral  force  and  influence  of 
judicial  decisions — an  honour  which  has  been  conceded  to  no  other 
jurisconsult  of  his  time.  In  politics,  he  was  a  whig  of  the  old 
school,  and  he  attended  the  polling  booth  at  the  recent  election 
for  Newcastle,  and  polled  a  plumper  for  Sir  M.  W.  Ridley  bart., 
declaring  that  this  act  would,  as  it  proved  to  be  the  last  public 
action  of  his  life.  The  energies  of  his  mind,  and  the  strength  of  his 
faculties,  remained  in  full  vigour  to  the  last;  and  he  passed  his 
four  score  years  without  being  subject  to  any  of  those  senilities 
which  so  generally  mark  the  great  age  to  which  he  had  the 
happiness  to  attain.  On  Tuesday  the  20th,  his  remains  were 
interred  at  Whickham,  with  great  respect;  the  members  of  the 
corporation,  gentlemen  of  the  legal  profession  &c.,  occupying 
upwards  of  forty  carriages  followed  the  hearse,  notwithstanding 
the  inclemency  of  the  weather. 

.Jtinnary  14.—  The  drivers  of  three  carts,  in  the  neighbourhood  of 
Axmghorsley,  Northumberland,  agreed  to  run  a  race,  and  drove  at 


A. P.   1835. J  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  31 

a  furious  rate,  until  within  a  short  distance  of  Whomleyburn,  when 
the  carts  came  in  contact  with  each  other,  and  with  a  laden  cart, 
which  they  met,  when  the  latter  and  one  of  the  former  were  upset, 
and  a  man  named  George  Taylor,  of  Roth  bury,  was  killed  on  the 
spot,  and  his  daughter,  who  was  in  the  cart  with  him,  narrowly 
escaped  the  same  fate. 

1835  (January  1  6.) — The  town  of  Hexham,  Northumberland,  was 
lighter!  with  gas  for  the  first  time.  In  celebration  of  the  event, 
the  directors  and  shareholders  of  the  gas  company  walked  in 
procession  through  the  town,  and  afterwards  dined  together  at 
the  Black  Bull  Inn,  R.  Stokoe,  esq.,  in  the  chair. 

January  2(5. — Karly  on  the  morning  of  this  day,  a  daring 
burglary  was  committed  at  the  house  of  Mr.  Crighton,  solicitor,  in 
Eldon-plaoe,  Newcastle,  Between  three  and  four  o'clock,  Mr,  Crigh- 
ton was  alarmed  by  hearing  a  noise  in  the  lower  part  of  his  house, 
and  having  procured  a  light,  and  armed  himself  with  a  poker,  he 
proceeded  down  stairs  to  ascertain  the  cause;  but  on  reaching  the 
passage,  his  light  was  blown  out  by  the  wind,  and  almost  at  the 
game  instant  a  man  rushed  out  of  the  dining-room,  A  scuffle  then 
ensued  between  them,  during  which  Mr.  Crighton  struck  the 
thief  some  severe  blows  with  the  poker,  but  in  return  received 
several  bruises,  and  had  the  end  of  one  of  his  fingers  bitten  off. 
The  thief,  however,  unfortunately  effected  his  escape  through  the 
back  door,  An  alarm  was  instantly  given,  and  the  assistance  of 
some  of  his  neighbours  and  the  watchman  having  been  procured, 
a  strict  search  was  made,  but  no  trace  of  the  depredator  could  be 
met  with.  On  examining  the  back  parlour  it  appeared  that  the 
thief  had  put  up  some  of  Mr.  Crighton's  clothes  into  a  bundle, 
and  had  helped  himself  to  some  wine  and  cake  ;  he  was  supposed 
to  have  entered  by  the  window. 

February  12. — A  letter  having  been  received  by  the  church w;ard ens 
of  St.  Nicholas,  Newcastle,  from  George  Maule,  esq.,  solicitor  to  the 
treasury,  requiring  them  to  call  a  vestry  meeting  of  the  parishioners, 
to  select  three  of  the  responsible  and  respectable  inhabitants  whose 
names  were  to  be  submitted,  with  that  of  the  incumbent,  "as  trustees 
of  such  bounty  as  his  majesty  might  be  pleased  to  bestow  upon  the 
poor  inhabitants  of  the  parish,  in  conformity  with  the  will  of  the  late 
Mr .  Wm.  Moulton,"  *  a  meeting  was  held  accordingly  in  the  vestry 
on  the  above  day,  when  Mr.  Henry  Ingledew,  Mr.  A.  L.  Potter, 
and  Mr.  Robert  Pace,  were  nominated  as  the  trustees,  in 
question.  The  property  is  situated  in  the  Cloth  Market, 
and  extends  to  Grey-street,  and  is  occupied  by  Mr.  Robert  Sewell, 
hardwareman.  Cloth  Market,  and  by  Messrs.  Proctor  and  Son, 
chemists.  Grey-street.  The  present  value  is  about  £300  a- year. 

February  22, — On  this  night  and  following  day,  Newcastle  and 
its  neighbourhood  were  visited  by  a  violent  storm  of  wind  and 
rain,  which  did  considerable  damage  to  the  chimneys  and  roofs  of 
a  great  number  of  houses.  At  the  residence  of  Benjamin 
Thompson,  esq.,  Northumberland-street,  a  tall  chimney  was 
*  See  Sykes,  TO!  2,  page  387. 


TIl>T(»i:H'Al.    KKGISTER    OF  [A.D.    1835. 

blown  down,  and  broke  in  the  roof  of  the  kitchen,  in  which  were 

two  female  servants,  who  were  both  severely  bruised:    indeed  it 

of   astonishment  how  they  escaped  with   lite.     A 

' 


Of   i-hi.nnies    on   Mr.   Armstrong's,    woollen    drapers 
n-ni  r.8treet,  f,11  with  a  tremendous  crash,  and  burst 

in  nearly  the  whole  of  the  roof  on  one  side,  several  of  the  bricks 
f.,llin.r  into  Mosley-street  The  temporary  pavilion  of  a  "Billy 
Purvis,"  which  was  erected  on  the  Parade-ground,  was  completely 
shivered  to  atoms,  and  the  wood  work  blown  far  and  wide,  A 
Glue  manufactory  at  Friar's-goose  was  completely  blown  down. 
The  chimnies  at  the  residence  of  Mr.  Peacock.  Wallsend,  were 
blown  down  and  came  through  the  roof  into  the  second  storey, 
and  would  have  been  fatal  to  his  children,  had  they  not  just 
before  left  the  room. 

•,//•//.—  During  this  month  an  eagle  took  up  its  abode  in  the 
woods  at  Ravensworth,  and  showed  no  disposition  to  leave.  It 
wns  supposed  to  have  escaped  from  some  place  of  confinement. 

^/,,,r//  ;}.—  The  new  chapel-  at  Heworth  was  consecrated  by  the 
Lord  Bishop  of  St.  David's. 

j/,,/r/,  <).  —  Great  interest  was  excited  in  Newcastle  and  the 
adjoining  district,  by  the  opening  of  a  portion  of  the  Newcastle 
and  Carlifle  railway.  The  morning  was  uncommonly  fine,  and  at 
an  early  hour  numerous  groups  of  persons  were  seen  bending  their 
.*leps  in  the  direction  of  Blaydon,  from  which  place  the  procession 
was  announced  to  start  at  ten  o'clock.  Two  trains  were  prepared 
for  the  reception  of  the  intended  excursionist.  At  a  quarter 
In  t'ore  eleven  the  first  train  left  Blaydon,  drawn  by  the  Rapid 
locomotive  engine,  and  was  followed  by  the  Comet  engine  leading 
the  second  train,  at  six  minutes  before  eleven.  Both  these  engines 
were  made  in  Newcastle  ;  the  former  by  Messrs.  Stephenson  and 
Co.,  and  the  latter  by  Messrs.  Hawthorn.  About  half-past  one 
the  party  reached  Hexham,  where  banners,  triumphal  arches, 
&e.,  had  been  prepared  for  the  occasion,  and  the  whole  of  the 
Mgers  were  provided  with  refreshment,  at  the  various  inns, 
at  the  expense  of  the  directors.  At  twenty  minutes  past  three  the 
trains  left  Hexham,  and  returned  to  Blaydon  in  one  uninterrupted 
trip  of  seventeen  miles,  in  one  hour  and  ten  minutes.  Throughout 
the.  whole  of  the  line,  the  adjacent  country  poured  forth  its  inha- 
bitants. and  nothing  could  exceed  the  interesting  spectacle  which 
the  villages  and  cottages  presented.  Bands  of  music,  flags,  the 
ringing  of  bells,  the  firing  of  cannon,  and  the  hearty  cheers  of  the 
!»led  multitude,  gave  a  joyous  welcome  to  this  first  and 
.auspicious  journey  on  the  Newcastle  and  Carlisle  railway.  A 
dinner  was  held  in  the  evening  in  the  Assembly  Rooms,  Newcastle, 
the  mayor  (J.  L.  Hood,  esq.,)  presiding,  and  about  80  gentleman 
siit  down  to  commemorate  the  interesting  proceedings  of  the  day. 
On  the  following  day  the  regular  passenger  trains,  four  in  number, 
commenced  running  daily  between  the  two  places  ;  passengers  from 
Newcastle  being  conveyed  to  Blaydon  by  omnibusses,  and  goods 
being  forwarded  to  the  same  place  by  a  steamboat,  which  departed 


A.D.  1835.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  33 

once  a  clay  from  Newcastle  quay,  at  such  hours  as  suited  the  tide. 
The  act  of  parliament  under  which  the  Newcastle  and  Carlisle 
railway  had  been  formed  prohibited  the  use  of  locomotive  engines, 
at  a  time  (1829)  when  their  construction  was  such  as  rendered 
them  litttle  better  than  a  nuisance ;  but  since  the  improvement  in 
their  manufacture,  such  objections  were  wholly  surmounted.  In 
November,  1834,  the  managers  of  the  railway  gave  notice  of 
application  to  parliament  for  authority  to  use  steam  engines,  as 
about  seventeen  miles  of  the  road  were  about  to  be  opened.  All 
the  landowners  on  the  line  gave  their  assent,  except  C.  Bacon 
Grey,  esq.,  of  Styford,  and  on  the  railway  being  opened,  and 
engines  placed  on  it,  he  had  recourse  to  the  court  of  chancery,  and 
obtained  an  injunction  against  their  use.  Notice  to  this  effect  was 
served  on  the  directors  on  Saturday,  March  the  28th,  when  the 
railway  was  of  course  laid  idle.  A  great  sensation  followed. 
A  public  meeting  was  held  on  the  subject  on  the  6th  of  April,  in 
the  Guildhall,  Newcastle,  convened  by  the  mayor,  J.  L.  Hood, 
esq.,  according  to  a  requisition  most  numerously  and  respectably 
signed  ;  and  other  demonstrations  of  popular  feeling  having  been 
manifested,  Mr.  Grey  eventually  withdrew  his  opposition,  and  the 
business  of  the  railway  was  resumed  on  the  6th  of  May. 

1835  (March  9). — The  neighbourhood  of  Barnardcastle  and 
Brough  was  visited  by  a  most  awful  storm  of  wind  and  snow.  The 
Lord  Exmouth  coach,  from  Newcastle  to  Liverpool, had  the  greatest 
difficulty  in  getting  up  to  Spital  Inn,  Stainmore,  which  it  reached 
several  hours  past  its  regular  time.  After  waiting  some  time,  the 
coachman  attempted  to  go  to  Brough,  but  the  storm  was  so  violent 
he  could  not  proceed  more  than  three  or  four  hundred  yards, 
when  he  thought  it  prudent  to  return  to  Spital  Inn,  and  wait  until 
Tuesday  morning,  and  with  great  difficulty  reached  Brough  in  the 
afternoon  of  that  day.  the  snow  being  from  six  to  nine  feet  deep. 

March  13. — Six  adult  persons  received  public  baptism  in 
Hamsterley  church. 

March. — The  workmen  of  Mr.  R.  Grainger,  in  digging  founda- 
tions in  the  Nuns'-field,  Newcastle,  for  his  new  buildings,  dug  up 
the  foundations  of  some  old  buildings,  and  in  connexion  with 
them,  an  ancient  burial  ground.  Among  other  things  a  stone 
coffin,  two  lead  coffins,  and  the  decayed  wood  of  several  others 
were  found,  from  three  to  four  feet  deep,  most  of  them  embedded 
in  clay.  From  the  number  of  human  bones  discovered,  it  may 
fairly  be  inferred,  that  it  has  been  the  regular  place  of  burial  of 
the  nuns  of  the  order  of  St.  Bartholomew,  which  takes  a  dis- 
tinguished stand  in  the  history  of  Newcastle.  This  ground,  after 
passing  into  different  hands,  was  sold  on  the  demise  of  Sir  Walter 
Black ett,  its  previous  proprietor,  to  Mr.  G.  Anderson,  in  1783. 
In  1834,  it  was  bought  by  Mr.  R.  Grainger,  for  his  new  markets, 
&c.,  in  digging  the  foundations  for  which  the  above  relics  were 
found.  Several  entire  skulls  were  also  found  and  two  of  the  most 
perfect  were  preserved.  It  would  seem  from  the  size  of  the  bones 


34  HISTORICAL    REGISTER  OF  [>.D.  1835. 

j.nd  the  thinness  of  the  skulls,  that  the  remains  of  the  sisterhood 
had  IKHMI  chiefly  hurled  there. 

5  (,]/,„.<.//).— The  workmen  commenced  pulling  down  the  old 
,   boose  and  the  houses  upon  the  Mark  quay,  Sunderland, 
preparatory  to  the  erection  of  staiths  in  connexion  with  the  bun- 
durhmd  and  Durham  railway. 

/\/)/./l  2.— Was  presented  to  Mrs.  Hood,  the  lady  ot  J.  L. 
Hoo.l,  esq.,  the  last  mayor  of  the  old  corporation  of  Newcastle,  a 
sph-ndid  tureen,  for  the  purchase  of  which  £100  were  voted  by 
.mmon  council,  on  her  having  a  daughter  during  the 
mayoralty.  The  tureen  is  as  much  deserving  of  praise  for  its 
rreiienil  form  as  for  the  skill  with  which  all  the  minutrc  of  the 
work  upon  it  has  been  finished.  On  one  side  are  the  arms  of 
Hood,  on  the  other  the  following  inscription  : — "  To  Mrs.  Hood, 
Mayoress  of  Newcastle,  this  token  of  regard  and  admiration  was 
presented  by  the  Common  Council,  on  the  occasion  of  the  birth  of 
a  daughter,  Theodosi  Rose,  in  the  Mansion  House.  A.D.  1835." 

April. 14* — Died,  in  Pilgrim-street,  Newcastle,  aged  100,  Mary, 
mother  of  Mr.  John  Smith,  victualler,  of  the  High-bridge. 

April  20. — The  birthday  of  his  grace  the  Duke  of  Northumber- 
land,— having  completed  his  fiftieth  year, — was  celebrated  as 
usual  at  Alnwick,  by  a  public  dinner  in  the  Town-hall.  At 
Chirton,  North  Shields,  and  other  places  on  his  grace's  estates 
similar  rejoicings  took  place,  the  duke  being  a  liberal  contributor 
towards  the  expenses  incurred. 

M<tij  4. — A  man  named  Robinson,  and  five  boys,  were 
unfortunately  killed  at  Whitley  colliery,  in  consequence  of  the 
hook  which  is  appended  to  the  chain  not  having  been  properly 
put  into  the  bow  of  the  corf  which  the  unfortunate  sufferers  were 
in,  by  which  oversight  they  fell  from  the  top  to  the  bottom  of  the 
pit,  a  depth  of  forty  five  fathoms. 

Mmj  5. — This  morning  about  three  o'clock,  a  fire  broke  out  in 
the  Salutation  Inn,  Tynemouth,  Northumberland,  which  threatened 
destruction  to  the  adjoining  property,  but  the  prompt  arrival  of  the 
engine  from  the  castle,  and  the  able  assistance  of  Captain  Hughes, 
Lieutenant  Stoney,  and  a  number  of  soldiers,  prevented  the  flames 
from  doing  further  damage  than  the  complete  destruction  of  the 
kitchen. 

J/r/y  18. — The  service  connected  with  laying  the  foundation- 
stone  of  the  Providence  chapel,  Marlborough-crescent,  Newcastle, 
was  attended  to  on  this  day,  when  a  suitable  address  was  delivered 
on  the  occasion  by  Mr.  John  Poynder,  of  Lockwood,  Yorkshire. 
This  chapel  was  opened  on  the  23rd  of  September  following. 

J/'///  31. — A  stout,  ragged,  dirty-looking  man,  begging  "in  the 
town  of  Morpeth,  was  taken  into  custody,  and  on  his  person  was 
found  the  following  amount,  £349  Is.  7d.,  viz.  :  Bank  Bill  of 
British  Linen  Company,  No.  4931,  April  30th,  1835,  for  £125  5s. 
Bd, ;  Bank  of  Scotland,  No.  10938,  April  30th,  for  £35  ;  Bank 
ot  Scotland,  No.  10957,  May  1st.,  1835,  for  £186  3s.  lid.  ;  silver 
copper,  12s. ;  his  name  was  Robert  Ferguson,  a  native  of 
Her  wick-upon -Tweed. 


A.T>.  1835.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  35 

1835  (JunelQ.) — This  day,  Newcastle  and  neighbourhood,  were 
visited  by  a  violent  storm,  which  was  attended  with  loss  of  life, 
and  considerable  loss  of  property.  At  G-ateshead  Low  Fell,  a 
woman  named  Dawson  in  an  advanced  state  of  pregnancy,  was 
struck  by  the  lighting,  while  standing  at  her  cottage  door,  and 
killed  on  the  spot.  The  electric  fluid  had  entered  by  the  chimney, 
destroying  a  bedstead,  after  which  it  struck  the  poor  woman,  and 
then  passed  through  the  roof  of  the  cottage,  shattering  the  tiles  to 
atoms.  The  husband  had  a  narrow  escape,  his  hat  being  laid  flat 
to  his  head.  At  Durham,  the  thunder  and  lightning  were  awful, 
accompanied  by  a  heavy  fall  of  rain.  The  spire  of  one  of  the 
western  towers  of  the  Cathedral,  was  struck  by  electric  fluid,  and 
a  portion  of  the  pinnacle  thrown  some  distance  into  the  church-yard. 
At  Shotley  Bridge,  the  storm  of  hail  and  rain  was  truly  alarming, 
pieces  of  ice  fell  near  four  inches  in  circumference,  which  soon 
melted,  and  caused  the  Derwent  to  overflow,  which  did  consider- 
able damage,  particularly  to  the  fields  near  Mr.  Annandale's  paper 
works.  On  the  llth,  a  woman,  named  Cawthorn,  was  struck 
dead  in  a  cottage  at  Ebchester,  and  another  was  much  burnt.  The 
house  of  Mr.  Watson,  farmer,  Wallbottle,  was  also  entered  by  the 
lighting,  the  chimney  rent  from  top  to  bottom,  and  the  windows 
broken  to  pieces.  One  person  was  struck  by  the  fluid,  and  was 
paralysed  for  some  hours.  Mrs.  Watson  was  much  burnt,  and  a 
person  in  the  next  house  was  severely  scorched.  The  houses  of 
Mr.  Maddison,  of  Wandon,  and  Mr.  Grey,  of  East  Lilburn,  were 
also  struck,  the  lightning  passing  through  nearly  every  room. 
Sunderland,  Shields,  and  other  places,  were  also  visited  by  the 
storm. 

June  II. — A  few  minutes  before  three  o'clock,  in  an  instant,  and 
without  a  moments  warning,  three  houses  on  the  south  side  of 
Market -street,  Newcastle,  in  the  course  of  erection  by  Mr. 
Grainger,  fell  with  a  tremendous  crash,  and  the  men  being  at 
work,  they  were  precipitated  along  with  them,  and  buried  in  the 
ruins.  At  the  time  of  the  catastrophe  the  buildings  had  nearly 
reached  their  intended  height,  and  upwards  of  100  men  were  at 
work  upon,  and  immediately  around  them.  It  had  thundered 
several  times  just  before  the  accident,  and  those  who  were  standing 
near  the  spot,  described  the  noise  which  attended  the  catastrophe 
as  equally  loud  and  sudden  as  a  clap  of  thunder.  The  occurrence 
caused  the  greatest  consternation,  and  measures  were  immediately 
adapted  for  disinterring  those  who  had  been  buried  by  the  materials. 
In  the  course  of  half  an  hour  twelve  men  were  got  out,  three  dead, 
and  nearly  all  the  rest  greatly  injured.  Up  to  three  o'clock  on 
Friday  morning,  fifteen  men  had  been  extricated,  four  of  whom 
were  dead,  ten  removed  to  the  Infirmary,  and  John  Kilgour,  the 
foreman  of  the  masons,  who  was  removed  to  his  own  house,  died 
in  a  few  hours  afterwards.  Of  those  sent  to  the  infirmary  two 
afterwards  died.  Many  of  the  workmen  did  themselves  great 
credit  by  their  intrepidity  and  the  exertions  they  made  to  recover 
their  unfortunate  companions,  labouring  as  they  did  in  the  midst 


HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [>,D.   1835. 

of  "ivat  danger  from  the  shattered  state  of  the  walls  left  standing, 
and  which  from  their  leaning  position  seemed  likely  to  fall  every 
moment.  By  the  directions  of  the  mayor  and  magistrates  a  party 
of  military  were  placed  around  the  Nuns-field  to  prevent  the 
ingress  of  the  populace,  which  might  have  caused  further  accidents. 
No  satisfactory  reason  could  be  given  for  the  falling  of  the  pro- 
perty, but  the  opinion  most  generally  entertained  was  that  the 
building  had  been  struck  by  lightning,  which  had  been  prevalent 
for  some  time  previous.  Mr.  Grainger  himself  had  been  inspecting 
the  workmen  a  minute  or  two  before,  and  was  at  the  time  of  the 
accident  on  the  scaffolding  of  an  adjoining  building. 

1835  (June  12.) — Two  splendid  and  massive  soup  tureens,  with 
stands,  &c.,  were  presented  at  the  Assembly  Rooms,  Newcastle,  to 
John  Hodgson,  esq.,  late  M.P.  for  that  town,  as  a  token  of  respect 
on  the  part  of  the  subscribers  for  the  manner  in  which  he  had 
acted  as  their  representative  in  three  successive  parliaments, 
Sanderson  Ilderton,  esq.,  officiated  as  chairman,  and  presented  the 
plate  in  the  name  of  the  subscribers  with  a  suitable  speech.  Mr. 
Hodgson  returned  thanks  in  an  address  which  drew  forth  repeated 
cheers  from  a  large  company  which  had  assembled  on  the 
occasion. 

June  13. — After  several  years  labour  the  owners  of  Monk- 
wearmouth  colliery,  (Messrs.  Thompson,  Pemberton,  and  Co.), 
succeeded  in  loading  the  first  vessel  placed  under  their  improved 
staith,  with  a  cargo  of  coals.  The  workmen  on  the  occasion  were 
profusely  regaled  with  strong  ale,  and  great  rejoicing  took  place 
throughout  the  whole  of  the  day. 

June  15. — Died,  in  Pilgrim-street,  Newcastle,  Miss  Colling- 
wood,  last  surviving  sister  of  Admiral  Lord  Collingwood. 

June  18. — This  afternoon  about  two  o'clock,  one  of  those 
dreadful  explosions  took  place, — which  have  been  so  lamentably 
frequent  in  mining  districts, — at  one  of  Mr.  Russell's  collieries,  at 
Wallsend,  known  by  the  name  of  the  Church  Pit,  or  Russell's  Old 
Wallsend,  by  which  twenty-six  men  and  seventy-five  boys  lost 
their  lives,  leaving  twenty-four  widows  and  eighty-three  children 
to  lament  their  fate.  The  number  of  work-people  employed  in 
this  colliery  was  about  220,  one  hundred  and  five  of  whom  were  in 
the  mine  at  the  time  of  the  explosion.  The  colliery  was  inspected 
in  the  morning  by  the  under-viewer,  when  it  was  considered  to  be 
perfectly  safe  ;  and  four  "  overmen"  and  "  deputies"  who  were 
among  the  sufferers,  had  been  acquainted  with  the  pit  for  thirty 
years.  The  catastrophe  was  made  known  to  the  banksman  by  a 
considerable  report,  which  they  spoke  of  as  being  like  an  earth- 
quake, accompanied  by  a  rushing  of  choke-damp  to  the  mouth  of 
the  shaft,  bringing  up  some  of  the  pitmen's  clothes,  and  other  light 
articles  from  the  bottom.  On  the  alarm  being  given,  the  vicinity 
of  the  mine  was  soon  thronged  with  anxious  enquirers,  but  it  was 
mnd  impossible  to  enter  the  workings  until  the  next  day,  when 

>  after-damp  had  partially  cleared  away.  During  this  long 
terra!  the  anguish  of  the  relations  of  the  workmen  may  easily  be 


A.D.  1835.J  REMARKABLE  EVENTS,  37 

conceived.  On  the  following  day  twenty-one  bodies  were  removed, 
and  the  work  of  humanity  was  persevered  in,  until  all  the  bodiea 
had  been  found  and  taken  to  their  sorrowing  friends.  But  on  the 
21st,  to  the  astonishment  of  every  one  connected  with  the  colliery, 
four  of  the  unfortunate  creatures  were  found  to  be  alive.  They 
were  immediately  brought  up  with  the  most  assiduous  care,  and 
eager  hopes  were  infused  into  the  hearts  of  many,  that  others 
would  be  found  who  had  been  similarly  favoured.  This  pleasing 
hope  was  however  soon  dispelled.  These  men  thus  rescued  from 
a  terrible  fate,  could  give  no  idea  of  their  mode  of  preservation. 
They  were  at  times  quite  delirious,  and  had  no  idea  of  the  time 
which  elapsed  between  the  occurrence  of  the  accident  and  that  of 
their  fortunate  rescue.  The  scene  at  Wallsend  on  the  22nd  was 
especially  distressing ;  numbers  were  buried  there,  and  it  was  a 
painful  sight  to  see  two  and  even  three  bodies  brought  from  the 
same  house  and  borne  away  amid  the  agonized  cries  of  their 
relations.  No  cause  could  be  assigned  for  this  dreadful  calamity, 
which  was  the  second  great  explosion  that  had  occurred  at  the  pit. 

1835  (June  26.) — The  foundation-stone  of  Salem  chapel,  for  the 
use  of  the  Methodist  New  Connexion — built  by  Mr.  Grainger, 
in  Hood-street,  Newcastle — was  laid  by  Wm.  Ridgway,  esq.,  of 
Northvvood,  Staffordshire  Potteries,  who  delivered  an  appropriate 
speech  on  the  occasion.  Afterwards,  about  two  hundred  and 
fifty  of  the  friends  took  tea  at  the  Music  Hall. 

June  26. — A  young  angler  named  Robert  Donkin  left  Rothbury 
in  the  morning  to  enjoy  the  delightful  recreation  of  fly  fishing. 
Having  filled  his  creel  in  a  short  time,  he  was  obliged  to  borrow 
an  apron  from  a  cottage  during  his  excursion  ;  and,  after  enjoying 
the  charms  of  the  romantic  dales  and  pleasant  streams,  which 
present  in  their  course  every  variety  of  smooth  water,  rapids,  and 
pools  for  the  exercise  of  the  angler's  skill,  he  finally  returned  home 
with  the  very  extensive  stock  of  eighteen  dozen  fine  trouts,  which 
he  had  caught  with  a  single  hook  during  the  day. 

June  28. — On  the  casting  of  a  hive  of  bees  at  Walsingham,  the 
swarm  alighted  on  a  young  woman  and  covered  her  from  her 
shoulders  to  the  crown  of  her  head,  forming  a  complete  hood  ;  and 
what  is  most  remarkable,  they  were  hived  without  her  receiving  a 
single  sting. 

June  29. — The  first  exhibition  of  the  Newcastle  Society  of  Artists 
took  place  in  the  Academy  of  Arts,  Blackett-street,  Newcastle. 
The  collection  of  paintings  and  sculpture,  about  two  hundred 
specimens,  was  mostly  executed  by  resident  artists.  The  three 
Richardsons  contributed  42  of  the  number,  Carmichael  18,  Thorpe 
30,  Mackneth  14,  and  Snow  14. 

July  2. — The  first  cargo  of  coals  from  Haswell  colliery  was 
shipped  at  Seaham,  when  great  rejoicings  took  place.  The  winning 
of  this  colliery  cost  upwards  of  £100,000. 

July  9. — That  stupendous  undertaking,  the  Hartlepool  docks 
and  harbour,  was  opened  for  the  shipment  of  coal  and  merchandize. 
The  day  being  extremely  fine  great  rejoicings  took  place,  The 


33  HISTOUICAL    REGISTER    OF  |>.D.   1835. 

first  shipment  of  coals  was  made  in  the  Britannia,  of  Sunderland. 
Havin"  taken  her  cargo  on  board,  she  proceeded  to  sea,  amid  the 
ringing  of  bells,  the  firing  of  cannon,  and  the  acclamations  of  those 
Avho  had  assembled  to  witness  the  ceremony. 

1835  (July  )—  This  month,  whilst  some  workmen  were  opening 
out  an  old  pit  near  Whickhain,  county  of  Durham,  which  had 
closed  upwards  of  eighty  years,  they  found  at  the  bottom, 
'28  fathoms,  a  live  toad,  which  was  presented  to  John  Watson, 
AVhickham.  It  is  still  more  singular  how  the  animal  could  exist 
in  the  foul  air,  as  the  men  had  to  erect  a  brattice  to  ventilate  the 
shaft  before  they  could  enter. 

July  30. — About  half-past  ten  o'clock  in  the  forenoon,  the 
boiler  attached  to  the  extensive  worsted  and  carpet  factory  of 
Messrs.  John  and  William  Henderson,  Durham,  exploded  with 
tremendous  force,  carrying  away  the  walls,  &c.,  of  the  engine- 
room,  scattering  in  fragments  a  large  chimney,  the  factory  bell, 
clock,  and  appendages,  and  doing  great  damage  to  the  adjacent 
buildings.  The  part  of  the  boiler  which  was  blown  away  rose  in 
the  air  like  a  balloon,  and  fell  with  a  loud  crash  on  the  opposite 
shore  of  the  Wear,  a  distance  of  upwards  of  100  yards.  The 
number  of  workmen  in  the  building  at  the  time  was  about  170, 
but  the  personal  injuries  received  were  confined  to  nine  persons, 
who  were  buried  by  the  falling  materials,  and  three  of  these 
expired  shortly  after, 

July  30. — The  royal  assent  was  given  to  the  Brandling  Junction 
railway  bill. 

August  17. — The  trustees  of  the  Derwent  and  Shotley  Bridge 
Turnpike  Road,  opened  that  part  of  the  line,  which  leads  from. 
Axwell  Park  Gate  to  Long  Close  Gate,  near  Hamsterley,  the 
distance  six  miles.  This  useful  road  passes  through  a  hilly  and 
beautifully  wooded  district,  yet  it  is  in  all  parts  of  easy  inclination ; 
it  winds  through  the  most  picturesque  part  of  the  North  of  England, 
and  the  traveller  on  business  or  pleasure  must  be  highly  gratified 
by  the  many  splendid  views  and  great  variety  of  delightful 
scenery. 

August  21. — A  neat  Wesleyan  Chapel  was  opened  at  Edmond- 
Byers,  in  the  county  of  Durham. 

August  26. — The  very  handsome  stone  bridge  across  North  Tyne, 
at  Bellingham,  was  opened  to  the  public,  amidst  the  rejoicings  of  a 
large  assemblage  of  persons  from  the  surrounding  country. 

A  nt/ust  28. — Died,  at  Eltringham,  aged  91,  much  respected,  Mr. 
Matthew  Johnson.  During  the  great  flood  in  the  Tyne,  in  1771, 
v/n'c/i  see,  the  house  in  which  he  resided,  near  Ovingham  boat- 
house,  was  thrown  down  by  the  current,  when  Johnson  and  part 
of  his  family  saved  their  lives  by  catching  hold  of  a  tree,  to  which 
they  clung  until  the  water  subsided. 

September  14. — This  day,  Daniel  O'Connell,  esq.,  M.  P.,  visited 
Newcastle,  on  which  occasion  the  town  presented  a  very  animated 
appearance,  from  the  number  of  persons  assembled  to  witness  his 
arrival.  At  twelve  o'clock,  a  number  of  gentlemen  met  in  St. 


A.D.  1835.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  39 

Nicholas  Square,  where  a  large  hustings  had  been  erected,  and 
shortly  after,  Mr.  J.  Fife  having  taken  the  chair,  an  address  of 
congratulation  was  agreed  upon  for  presentation  to  Mr.  O'Connell. 
The  parties  then  left  the  hustings,  and  proceeded  with  three  bands 
of  music  and  numerous  banners  to  Gateshead,  to  meet  the  learned 
gentleman.  At  about  half-past  two  Mr.  O'Connell  was  met  by  an 
immense  concourse  of  people  at  Sunderland  Road-End,  those  who 
were  more  immediately  connected  with  the  arrangements,  forming 
themselves  into  a  procession,  in  which  they  walked  four  abreast. 
In  this  order  they  reached  St.  Nicholas'  Square,  where  Mr. 
O'Connell  was  hailed  with  deafening  applause.  Mr.  Fife  again  took 
the  chair,  and  Mr.  Larkin  presented  the  address  which  had  been 
agreed  upon.  Mr.  O'Connell  .afterwards  addressed  the  assembly 
at  some  length  amidst  great  enthusiasm.  At  five  o'clock,  about 
three  hundred  and  forty  gentlemen  sat  down  to  dinner  in  the 
Music-hall,  in  Blackett-street,  John  Fife,  esq.,  in  the  chair. 

1835  (September  16.) — John  Jobling  was  unfortunately  killed 
on  Lord  Durham's  railway,  near  Bishopwearmouth,  by  several 
waggons  running  over  him.  What  is  remarkable,  his  son  lost  his 
life  in  the  same  manner  a  few  years  before  ;  also  his  son-in-law. 

September  26. — As  W.  A.  Mitchell,  of  Newcastle,  was  fishing 
with  the  rod  from  the  rocks  at  the  south  end  of  Cullercoats  sands, 
he  perceived  a  large  fish  apparently  entangled  amongst  some  weeds. 
After  some  efforts,  it  was  forced  into  a  hole  amongst  the  rocks, 
and  with  the  skilful  aid  of  another  gentleman,  the-  fish  was  secured 
by  means  of  a  spear  which  was  attached  to  the  bottom  part  of  Mr. 
Mitchell's  rod.  It  proved  to  be  a  fine  specimen  of  the  Sophius 
Piscatorius,  which,  by  the  singular  management  of  the  fins,  by 
paddling  the  water,  and  the  elevation  of  the  slender  horns  which 
are  near  its  eyes,  manages  to  catch  fish  by  a  mode  much  resembling 
angling,  and  which  has  procured  it  the  name  of  "  The  Angler." 
It  weighed  441b.,  and  was  about  a  yard  and  a  half  long  and  half  a 
yard  broad. 

October  1. — A  curious  circumstance  occurred  in  the  Tyne, 
at  North  Shields.  A  person  in  the  employ  of  Messrs.  Cornfoot, 
Carr,  and  Co.,  North  Shields,  while  busy  with  his  daily  occupation 
on  the  Low-lights  shore,  observed  an  unusual  ripple  in  the  water, 
when,  to  his  astonishment,  he  observed  a  large  cod  fish,  about 
three  feet  long,  which  having  attempted  to  swallow  a  sole  about 
fifteen  inches  long,  and  not  being  able  either  to  swallow  or  eject 
it,  had  in  its  agony  made  towards  the  shore,  and  was  the  occasion 
of  its  capture. 

October  3. — Died,  in  the  31st  year  of  his  age,  Mr.  John 
Mackay  Wilson,  during  several  years  editor  of  the  Berwick 
Advertizer,  and  author  of  various  compositions  in  prose  and 
poetry.  "  The  Tales  of  the  Borders,"  a  periodical  work,  were 
projected,  and  to  a  considerable  extent  written,  by  Mr.  Wilson, 
and  they  enjoyed  an  almost  unexampled  popularity  for  some  time. 

October  8. — At  night  an  immense  mass  of  limestone  rock 
projecting  from  the  south  bank  of  the  river  Wear,  near  Lord 


40  HISTORICAL   KEGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1835. 

Durham's  drops,  fell  with  a  tremendous  force  into  the  river. 
Fortunately  no  vessel  was  in  the  berth  at  the  time  or  inevitable 
destruction  must  have  ensued.  The  weight  of  the  stone  was 
supposed  to  be  about  six  hundred  tons. 

l,s:55  (October  12.)— About  eight  o'clock  a.m.,  William  Dickson, 
esq.,  of  Alnwick,  and  Mr.  T.  J.  Turnbull,  clerk  to  the  magistrates, 
had  a  very  narrow  escape  from  serious  injury.  Those  gentlemen 
were,  in  a  chaise  on  their  return  to  Newcastle  from  Tynemouth,  On 
reaching  the  railway  upon  which  the  coals  are  conveyed  from  the 
Cramlington  and  Seghill  collieries  to  the  river  Tyne,  and  which 
crosses  the  road  about  two  miles  from  Shields,  they  were  alarmed 
by  observing  from  the  window  of  the  vehicle  a  train  of  loaded 
waggons  coming  along  the  self-acting  inclined  plane,  so  near  as  to 
render  it  probable  the  chaise  would  be  run  down.  The  driver, 
however,  whipped  his  horses  and  used  great  exertions,  but,  not- 
withstanding which,  the  foremost  waggon  struck  the  hinder  part 
of  the  chaise,  broke  in  the  panel,  and  overturned  the  vehicle  into 
the  road.  The  shock  was  so  tremendous  as  to  upset  the  first 
waggon  of  the  train,  and  throw  several  others  off  the  railroad. 
The  driver  of  the  chaise  was  likewise  thrown  down  with  great 
violence,  and  injured  in  his  head  and  thigh.  Had  the  chaise  been 
struck  in  the  centre,  instead  of  near  the  hind  part,  the  consequence 
must  have  been  fatal  to  Mr.  Dickson  and  Mr.  Turnbull. 

October  22. — The  completion  of  the  new  markets  at  Newcastle 
by  Mr.  Grainger  was  celebrated  by  a  public  dinner,  at  which 
nearly  2,000  individuals  sat  down  under  one  roof,  that  of  the 
green  market,  forming  a  mere  section  of  the  splendid  erections. 
These  markets  are  the  most  magnificent  in  the  world.  This  will 
be  apparent  from  a  comparative  statement  of  the  new  markets  in 
Newcastle  with  the  most  extensive  in  Great  Britain.  Hungerford 
market,  in  London,  in  point  of  grandeur  and  architectural  effect, 
is  allowed  to  surpass  Covent  Garden,  and  these,  with  St.  John's, 
in  Liverpool,  are  the  only  markets  with  which  any  comparison  need 
be  instituted.  As  regards  the  space  occupied,  Newcastle  market 
is  larger  than  Hungerford  in  the  proportion  of  13,906  square  yards 
to  6,400  square  yards,  and  exceeds  St.  John's,  in  Liverpool,  in  the 
proportion  of  13,906  to  8,235  square  yards.  In  this  calculation 
the  shops  adjoining  the  market  are  included,  and  so  far  as  their 
situation  and  their  nature  of  occupation  are  concerned,  the  area 
upon  which  they  stand  may  properly  be  considered  part  of  the 
market.  The  shops  fronting  the  markets  in  Clayton-street  and 
Grainger-street  are  in  length  410  feet  each,  and  in  Nun-street  and 
Nelson-street  312  feet.  These  erections,  during  the  time  of  their 
progress,  were  not  only  objects  of  great  interest  to  the  inhabitants 
ot  Newcastle  and  the  surrounding  towns,  but  also  to  strangers 

om    a   distance,    including    many  distinguished    noblemen    and 

gentlemen.     The  area  occupied  by  the  markets  exceeds  two  acres. 

!  butcher  market  consists  of  four  spacious   avenues,  19  feet  4 

s  broad,  and  27  feet  high,  extending  in  length  338  feet,  and 

Qtaimng  m  each  about  48   butchers'  shops,  well   lighted  and 


A.D.   1835-  |  REMARKABLE  KVENT3.  41 

ventilated.  The  walls  and  ceilings  are  plastered,  the  latter  being 
ornamented  with  intersecting  plaster  beams,  and  in  the  eastern 
avenue  the  rays  of  light  descend  from  50  skylights,  through  the 
apertures  in  the  coffer  ceiling,  with  the  most  imposing  effect. 
There  are  in  the  butcher  market,  besides  these  skylights,  3 GO 
windows,  inclosed  with  cast  iron  glazed  sashes,  to  open  or  shut  as 
the  state  of  the  weather  may  require.  The  four  principal  avenues 
are  connected  by  four  rows  of  lofty  arcades,  12  feet  wide.  The 
avenues  are  brilliantly  lighted  with  gas,  and  the  whole  comprises  a 
splendid  bazaar  of  shops,  which  strikes  the  stranger  on  entering 
with  astonishment  and  wonder  beyond  description.  The  vegetable 
market  is  connected  with  the  butcher  market  by  a  continuation  of 
the  four  arcades  before  described,  and  is  entered  from  the 
surrounding  streets  by  four  other  arcades  or  passageways,  12  feet 
wide,  two  in  Clayton-street,  one  in  Nun-street,  and  one  in  Nelson- 
Street,  over  each  of  which  is  placed  a  dome  light.  This  building 
is  erected  in  a  different  style  from  the  butcher  market,  consisting 
of  one  stupendous  hall,  exceeding  in  dimensions  the  far-famed  and 
justly-admired  hall  of  Westminster.  It  is  314  feet  in  length,  and 
59  feet  in  width  within  the  fronts  of  the  fruit  shops,  which, 
surround  the  interior.  It  is  covered  with  a  cathedral-framed  roof, 
the  timbers  of  which  are  planed  and  exposed  to  view.  It  is 
upwards  of  forty  feet  in  height,  and  is  supported  by  two  rows  of 
cast-iron  pillars  (to  each  of  which  a  brilliant  gas  lamp  is  affixed), 
26  feet  high,  and  is  surrounded  by  a  glazed  lantern  extending  the 
full  length  of  the  hall,  giving  light  to  the  centre,  while  the 
extremities  are  lighted  by  10  i  windows  similar  to  those  of  the 
butcher  market.  In.  mentioning  the  ornamental  and  useful  conve- 
niences of  the  green  market  we  must  not  omit  to  notice  the  two 
magnificent  fountains,  which  in  form  and  dimensions  resemble  the 
beautiful  fountain  in  the  gardens  of  the  Borghese  palace  at  Rome. 
They  are  constructed  of  the  finest  description  of  stone  from  the 
quarries  at  Ken  ton,  near  Newcastle. 

When  the  day  was  fixed  for  opening  the  splendid  markets  we 
have  feebly  attempted  to  describe,  there  was  a  general  wish  to 
celebrate  the  event  by  a  public  dinner.  The  stewards  of  the 
incorporated  companies  agreed  upon  a  plan  of  operation,  and 
obtained  the  sanction  of  the  mayor  and  the  permission  of  Mr. 
Grainger  to  carry  it  into  effect.  A  public  announcement  was 
then  made  that  the  dinner  would  take  place  in  the  vegetable 
market,  and  to  enable  those  in  a  humble  station  as  well  as  those 
in  the  higher  walks  of  life  to  participate  in  the  festive  scene,  it 
was  determined  that  the  price  of  admission  to  one  end  of  the  hall 
should  be  2s.  each,  including  dinner  and  ale,  and  that  the  tickets 
to  the  north-east  end  should  be  5s.  each,  including  dinner  and 
wine.  To  render  the  hall  as  comfortable  as  circumstances  would 
admit  every  avenue  except  one  was  closed,  the  spaces  for  vertical 
windows,  which  are  now  enclosed  in  cast  iron  glazed  sashes,  were 
covered  with  canvas,  and  the  magnificent  space  was  brilliantly 
lighted  up  with  gas.  The  effect  was  indescribably  grand.  The 


42  HISTORICAL    REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1885, 

partial  exclusion  of  daylight  and  the  substitution  of  gas  lamps  gave 
the  magnificent  scene  a  dioramic  effect  The  spacious  roof  when 
the  eye  rested  upon  it  for  a  few  moments,  seemed  to  rise  into  the 
air,  and  the  distance  from  one  end  of  the  hall  to  the  other  appeared 
amazing.  Upwards  of  2,000  individuals  sat  down  to  dinner,  and 
this  immense  company  congregated  at  only  a  few  days  notice. 
The  ladies  gallery  was  filled,  there  being  present  about  three 
hundred,  including  Mrs.  Mayoress  and  many  other  ladies  of  dis- 
tinction, which  gave  the  hall  a  gay  and  cheerful  appearance.  In 
many  instances  105.  and  even  15s.  premium  were  given  for  a 
ticket  that  had  only  cost  5s.  For  this  fine  building  the  corporation 
paid  £36,290.,  hut  from  that  amount  £15,000.  was  deducted  for 
the  old  market,  demolished  by  Mr.  Grainger.  On  the  following 
Saturday  the  markets  were  opened.  The  quantity  of  meat  on  offer 
exceeded  anything  previously  seen  in  the  north  of  England,  and  in 
the  green  market  the  flowers,  fruit,  arid  vegetables,  were  spread 
around  in  almost  boundless  profusion.  It  was  splendidly  decorated 
and  the  fountains  playing  at  intervals  had  a  most  striking  effect. 
The  bells  rang  out  many  a  merry  peal,  and  the  occasion  was 
regarded  by  every  one  as  auspicious  for  the  town. 

1835  (October  2Q.) — Newcastle  and  the  surrounding  district 
was  visited  by  a  severe  storm  of  wind  and  rain.  In  many  exposed 
situations  trees  were  torn  up  by  the  roots  and  other  damage 
incurred.  In  the  neighbourhood  of  Bc-rvvick  the  storm  increased 
to  a  hurricane,  attended  with  heavy  rain  and  snow  upon  the  hills. 
The  Tweed,  in  the  space  of  eight  hours,  rose  full  ten  feet ;  and 
the  country  was  much  inundated. 

Mr.  Briggs,  the  keeper  of  Lambton  Park,  killed  two  deer  with 
one  shot  from  a  rifle,  though  the  animals  were  at  the  time  16  yards 
from  each  other.  The  ball  passed  through  the  head  of  the  nearest 
in  an  oblique  direction  and  hit  the  second  on  the  side  of  the  head, 
•which  it  nearly  penetrated.  It  was  impelled  with  such  force  and 
precision  that  bath  animals  died  without  a  struggle  and  apparently 
at  the  same  point  of  time. 

November  1. — The  body  of  a  young  man  about  19  years  of  age, 
named  Thomas  Thorsby,  was  found  lying  on  the  edge  of  a  lime 
kiln  at  the  Skinners  burn,  near  Newcastle,  quite  dead,  and  with 
one  of  his  legs  completely  burned  off.  He  was  addicted  to  intem- 
perance, and  frequently  went  to  the  lime  kilns  to  sleep. 

November  2. — As  the  mail  coach  was  returning  from  Carlisle 
to  Newcastle,  it  was  upset  at  a  place  called  Coastly  dean, 
about  two  miles  west  of  Hexham.  One  of  the  wheel  horses  fell 
nd  the  remaining  horses  with  the  coach  were  precipitated  into  the 
ravine,  the  coach  rolling  over  two  or  three  times,  until  it  was 
stopped  by  a  tree.  The  coachman,  John  Atkin,  was  thrown  from 

a    seat    and    was    so    dreadfully    mangled   that   he  died  almost 

•  mediately.  Two  outside  passengers  and  the  jrnard  escaped  by 
eapmg  off  the  coach.  Two  ladies  and  three  children  who  were 

nde  also  escaped  uninjured,  although  they  rolled  down  the  bank 
The  passengers  and  mail  bags  were  forwarded 
to  Newcastle  in  a  chaise. 


A.D.   1835.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  43 

1835  (November  5.) — As  the  train  of  railway  waggons  attached 
to  the  Rapid  steam-engine  were  proceeding  to  Newcastle  from 
Hexham,  a  cow  in  one  of  the  cattle  trucks  became  alarmed  at  the 
noise  made  by  the  engine,  and  actually  leapt  over  the  rails  of  the 
pen  with  the  greatest  ease.  The  poor  animal,  though  she  rolled 
down  the  steep  bank,  escaped  without  any  injury  ;  and  as  soon  as 
she  recovered  herself,  she  galloped  after  the  waggons.  The 
engine  was  stopped,  and  the  train  taken  back  to  the  station,  where 
the  cow  was  re-placed,  and  properly  secured  with  ropes. 

November  9. — A  golden  eagle  was  winged,  and  with  some 
difficulty  secured  by  Mr.  Davies,  of  Waterloo,  near  Blyth  Link 
House,  Northumberland.  It  was  two  and  a  half  feet  long,  and  the 
extent  of  its  wings  nearly  seven  feet. 

November  14. — The  first  number  of  the  "  Berwick  and  Kelso 
Warder,"  a  weekly  Conservative  journal,  was  published  in 
Berwick  by  Mr.  Thomas  Ramsay,  the  proprietor. 

November  19. — An  explosion  took  place  in  Burdon  Main 
Colliery,  situated  a  little  to  the  westward  of  North  Shields,  owing 
to  the  carelessness  of  a  boy,  who  had  neglected  to  close  a  door,  by 
which  a  proper  circulation  of  air  had  been  prevented.  A  little 
after  three  o'clock  in  the  afternoon,  some  of  the  workmen  in  the 
Low  Main  seam  of  the  middle  pit  were  alarmed  at  what  they  too 
truly  knew  to  be  an  explosion  of  foul  air  in  the  adjoining  workings, 
and  on  proceeding  to  the  spot,  they  found  that  as  a  deputy  named 
James  Campbell  was  going  his  usual  rounds,  an  accumulation  of 
foul  air  had  taken  fire  at  his  candle,  and  produced  the  melancholy 
accident  by  which  eleven  human  beings  were  instantly  deprived 
of  existence.  The  mine  had  always  been  so  uncommonly  free 
from  foul  air,  that  the  men  invariably  worked  with  candles,  a 
lamp  never  having  been  used  in  the  workings.  Unlike  the 
generality  of  such  accidents,  the  origin  of  the  present  explosion 
was  soon  discovered.  It  was  found  to  have  been  caused  by  the 
negligence  of  the  boy  named  Arkley,  only  ten  years  of  age,  and 
who  was  one  of  the  sufferers.  This  poor  lad  had  neglected  to 
close  a  door,  which  it  was  his  sole  business  to  keep  shut,  and 
which  even  by  standing  open  fifteen  minutes  would  occasion  a 
sufficient  accumulation  of  foul  air  to  cause  the  explosion.  The 
force  of  the  blast  had  been  so  exceedingly  powerful  that  nothing 
seemed  to  have  been  able  to  resist  its  progress.  No  time  was  lost 
in  endeavouring  to  get  at  the  poor  sufferers  ;  and  at  considerable 
risk  from  the  afterdamp  the  whole  of  the  bodies  were  in  a  short 
time  recovered. 

November  21. — A  little  before  eleven  o'clock  at  night,  the 
corn  and  hay-stacks  belonging  to  Mr.  Martin  Brown,  at  Scaffold 
hill,  near  Long  Benton,  Northumberland,  were  discovered  to  be  on 
fire.  When  the  alarm  was  given,  Mr,  Brown  and  his  family  were 
in  bed.  The  whole  of  the  stacks — 5  of  wheat,  5  of  oats,  3  of  hay, 
and  1  of  tares — were  entirely  consumed  ;  and  it  was  only  by  great 
exertions  that  the  adjoining  buildings  were  saved.  The  fire  was 
occasioned  by  some  sparks  from  the  chimney  of  the  herd's  house. 


44  HISTORICAL    REGISTER  OF  [>.D.  1835. 

1835  (November  21.;— In  consequence  of  the  great  quantity  of 
rain  which  fell  on  this  and  the  preceding  day,  the  river  Tync  rose 
very  suddenly,  overflowed  its  banks,  and  covered  the  low  fields 
from  near  Ryton  to  the  Redheugh.  Some  men,  at  the  risk  of  their 
lives,  saved  a  considerable  number  of  sheep  ;  but  many  others  were 
swept  off  the  haughs,  called  the  Hassocks,  and  drowned.  Mr. 
Henry  Gill,  of  \Villiamstone,  was  unfortunately  drowned 
attempting  to  cross  the  North  Tyne. 

November  23.— The  branch  railway  having  been  completed 
froiii  South  Hetton  Colliery,  coal  was  first  shipped  at  Hartlepool 
from  that  pit. 

November  25. — A  most  desperate  attempt  to  escape  was  made 
by  three  convicts  in  Newcastle  gaol,  of  the  names  of  Rogers, 
Stcrrit,  and  Legget.  About  seven  o'clock,  Smith,  the  turnkey  was 
summoning  them  from  the  day-room  to  their  usual  night  apartments, 
and  whilst  they  were  going  up  stairs,  Legget  seized  a  long  brush, 
and  with  a  violent  blow  he  cut  the  turnkey's  head.  Smith,  though 
stunned,  was  not  incapable  of  giving  an  alarm,  and  assistance  was 
soon  got,  by  which  the  three  desperadoes  were  heavily  ironed. 
The  attack  was  no  doubt  a  preliminary  step  to  an  escape  ;  for  on 
searching  the  room,  they  found  the  table  broken  up,  and  their 
bedding  converted  into  a  rope  about  40  feet  long. 

November  26. — An  inquest  was  held  at  Redlees,  in  the  parish 
of  Alwinton,  in  the  county  of  Northumberland,  before  Thomas  A. 
Russell,  esq.,  coroner,  on  view  of  the  body  of  Mr.  James  Douglass, 
aged  67  years,  a  Highland  stock  farmer,  residing  at  that  place. 
It  appeared  that  the  deceased  had  left  home  about  two  o'clock  on 
the  Thursday  preceding  with  two  friends.  Blind  Burn  was  the  last 
place  they  were  at,  and  they  left  there  in  the  evening;  and  it  being 
very  wet  and  dark,  and  a  thick  fog  setting  down  upon  the  hills,  a 
person  guided  them  so  far  over  the  Fell.  After  leaving  them  they 
lost  their  way  ;  but  the  deceased's  two  companions  arrived  at  the 
Redlees  that  night,  and  told  the  shepherds  that  their  master  was 
lost  upon  the  Fell.  They  immediately  went  in  search  of  him,  and 
found  him  the  following  morning  lying  at  the  foot  of  a  precipice, 
from  60  to  70  yards  high,  called  Birkey  Shank  Hill,  where  he  had 
gone  over  with  his  horse  :  both  were  quite  dead.  The  deceased, 
though  an  eccentric  character,  was  well  known  and  much  respected 
in  that  part  of  the  country. 

November  28. — The  new  bridge  at  Alston  was  opened  to  the 
public,  though  not  quite  completed. 

This  month,  the  Newcastle  and  North  of  England  Insurance 
Company,  with  a  capital  of  £300,000,  was  established.  After  an 
existence  of  about  two  years,  the  interest  of  the  company  was  sold 
to  the  proprietors  of  the  York  and  London  lusurance  Company. 

December  1. — The  authorities  of  the  extensive  parish  of  Monk- 
wearmouth  met  at  nine  o'clock  in  the  morning  for  the  purpose  of 
riding  the  boundaries,  a  duty  that  had  not  been  performed  for 
forty-two  years. 


A.D.  1835.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  45 

1835  (December  1.) — Died,  in  South  Shields,  aged  100,  Mrs. 
Cecilia  Russell,  many  years  employed  in  the  salt  pans  there. 

December  8. — The  corporation  of  Newcistlo  perambulated  the 
ne.v  boundaries  of  that  borough  according  to  the  Corporation 
Reform  Act,  which  comprises  the  Westgate,  Elswick,  Jesmond, 
Heaton,  and  Byker.  These  townships  now  constitute  ;part  of  the 
town  and  county  of  Ncwcastle-upon  Tyne.  At  ten  o'clock  in  the 
morning  the  company  assembled  on  the  Sandhill,  with  the  right 
worshipful  John  Lionel  Hood,  esq.,  mayor,  the  town  clerk,  the 
sheriff,  the  stewards  of  the  incorporated  companies,*and  several 
gentlemen  on  horseback,  in  number  upwards  of  one  hundred,  and 
returned  to  the  Sandhill  about  three  o'clock.  Some  of  the  horse- 
men were  thrown  from  their  seats,  but  no  accident  of  any  moment 
occurred, 

December  10. — The  common  council  of  Newcastle  agreed  to 
sell  to  the  Newcastle  and  Carlisle  Railway  Company  two  acres 
of  ground  in  Featherstone's  field,  and  the  Spital  for  the  purpose 
of  erecting  a  railway  station  on  the  site. 

December  16. — In  consequence  of  doubts  having  been  enter- 
tained whether  Sunderland  was  a  corporation  entitled  to  the 
benefit  of  the  Corporation  Reform  Act,  the  opinion  of  the  attorney 
general  was  taken  upon  the  point,  and  he  replied  in  the  affirmative. 
He  also  gave  it  as  his  opinion  that  the  duties  of  chief  officer,  for 
carrying  the  provisions  of  that  act  into  effect,  devolved  as  a  matter 
of  right  upon  the  freemen.  In  consequence  of  this  opinion,  a 
requisition,  very  numerously  signed,  was  presented  to  B.  Ogden, 
esq.,  the  senior  freemen,  soliciting  him  to  act  as  chief  officer  on  the 
occasion,  but,  in  consequence  of  his  age  and  indisposition,  lie 
politely  declined  the  honour,  as  did  also  Messrs.  13.  Bray,  C. 
Bramwell,  and  T,  Parker,  the  next  three  in  succession  to  Mr. 
Ogden.  Mr.  Spoor,  however,  the  next  freemen  in  seniority, 
acceded  to  the  wishes  of  the  reqnisitionists,  and  a  public  meeting 
was  held  on  the  above  day,  A.  Wright,  esq.,  in  the  chair,  at  which 
the  thanks  of  the  burgesses  were  voted  to  Mr.  Spoor,  and  a  com- 
mittee was  appointed  to  secure  the  benefit  of  the  reform  act  to 
the  borough.  On  the  17th  another  meeting  was  held,  when  Mr. 
A.  Fenwick,  Mr,  R.  Pemberton,  Mr.  Win.  Featherstonhuugh,  and 
others  agreed  that  there  was  no  necessity  for  such  a  change,  as  the 
act  would  produce,  that  the  measure  was  for  the  reformation  of 
old  corporations,  and  not  the  creation  of  new  ones  ;  and  that 
Sunderland  could  not  have  a  legally  constituted  corporation  without 
a  charter  from  the  king.  Messrs.  Kidson,  Abbs,  and  others  replied, 
and  their  views  were  adopted  by  a  large  majority  of  the  meeting. 
A  quo  warmnto  was  soon  after  applied  for  by  the  opponents  of  the 
corporation,  but,  previous  to  the  proceedings  upon  that  writ  being 
carried  out,  a  clause  was  inserted  in  the  Municipal  Corporation 
Act  Amendment  Bill  of  the  following  session,  expressly  introducing 
the  name  of  the  town,  and  prescribing  its  boundaries.  This  was 
expected  to  terminate  the  altercation,  but  the  bill  was  thrown  out 
by  the  House  of  Lords,  August  18,  1836.  and  the  legality  of  the 


48  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [>,D.   1835. 

corporation  was  again  a  subject  of  doubt.  Another  quo  warranto 
was  issued  September,  1836,  against  the  Mayor  (A.  White,  esq.), 
and  as  the  county  magistrates  refused  to  acknowledge  his  aet.3, 
his  worship  sat  at  one  hour  and  the  magistrates  at  another  in  the 
same  hall.  After  a  protracted  struggle  the  opponents  of  the 
corporation  at  length  abandoned  the  field. 

l:-):j5  (December  21.) — A  fire  was  discovered  in  a  stable  adjoining 
the  farmhouse  of  Mr.  William  Taylor,  of  Nettlesworth  Hall,  about 
four  miles  north  from  Durham,  and  though  the  flames  were 
prevented  from  extending,  four  valuable  horses  were  destroyed. 
And  on  Thursday  morning  the  24th,  as  one  of  the  men  was  leaving 
the  house  after  breakfast,  he  discovered  that  every  one  of  Mr. 
Taylor's  stacks  were  in  a  blaze.  A  message  was  immediately  sent 
to  Durham  for  the  fire-engines,  but  before  they  arrived,  or  other 
assistance  could  be  obtained,  the  entire  stock  in  the  yard  was  con- 
sumed, consisting  of  seventeen  large  wheat  and  oat  stacks,  one  pea 
stack,  and  a  hay  stack,  A  thrashing  machine  was  likewise  burnt, 
besides  great  injury  being  done  to  the  house  and  other  premises. 
The  total  loss  was  estimated  at  upwards  of  £1,000,  only  a  small 
portion  of  which  was  insured.  No  doubt  existed  that  both  fires 
were  the  work  of  incendiaries. 

December  25. — A  beautiful  piece  of  road  leading  from  Westgate- 
street.  Newcastle,  to  the  Scots  wood-road,  near  the  Infirmary,  was 
opened.  The  subscription  band  of  music,  under  the  direction  of 
Mr.  Hudson,  played  in  the  front,  a  chariot,  in  which  were  Mr. 
Pearson,  the  surveyor,  Mr.  Dobson,  the  architect,  &c.,  and  several 
thousands  followed  after,  much  delighted  with  the  improvement. 
This  road  was  afterwards  called  Neville-street,  The  Central 
Station,  with  its  beautiful  portico  and  magnificent  hotel,  occupied 
by  Mr.  J.  B.  Jeffery,  now  forms  one  side  of  it. 

December    26. — At     Newcastle,     the     first    election    of    town 
councillors  under  the  new  Corporation  Reform  Act  took  place  on 
Saturday,  the  2Cth  of  December,  1835,  and  on  the  28th  the  result 
imounccd  in  the  Guildhall  by  J.  L.  Hood,  esq.,  the  returning 
officer.     The  following  are  the  numbers  of  votes  polled  by  the 
successful    candidates  :— John    Fife,     165     votes;     Addison    L. 
Potter,    151:  Thomas   Doubleday,   130;  Robert   Robinson,  121; 
George   Boyd,   86  ;  John  Nichol.   85.     St  John's   Ward— James 
-<>n,   264;   Emmerson    Charnley,    234;  Jacob    R.    Feather- 
Si;  Isaac  Burrell,  178;  George  Bargate,  161;  Abraham 
)aw8on,   155.      All   Saints'    West    Ward— James    Sillick,    180; 
John  Spedding,  jun.,  1(59;   W.  B.  Proctor,  160;  Joshua  Johnson, 
Benjamin  Bradshaw,  102;  Alexander  Reed,  96.    All  Saints' 
FFord— Stephen    Lowrey,    203;    Joseph     Crawhall,    187; 
Anthony  Lastcrby,  172;   Henry  Shield,  170 ;    Robert  Rayne,  145  ; 
illiam  Wright,  140.     St.  Andrew's  South   Ward—  Charles  John 
'^ge,  lir>;  John   L.  Hood,   145;  John    Brandling,  139;  Henry 
"11,    132;  Anthony    Nichol,   114;  Christopher  Myers,    98.     St. 
nys  North    Ward-T.   E.    Headlam,  218  ;  R.  P.  Philipson, 
;  ihomas  Bell,  174;  Edward  Lowrey,  132;  Thomas  Dunn 


A.D.   1835.]  REMAKKABLE    EVENTS.  47 

125  ;  James  Archbold,  122.  Westgate  Ward— Jamo.s  Finlay,  119  ; 
Joseph  Lamb,  114 ;  George  T.  Dunn,  99.  Jesmond  Ward — 
Robert  Plummer,  113  ;  John  Ridley,  113  ;  Armorer  Donkin,  110. 
The  following  gentlemen  were  elected  aldermen  : — Charles  John 
Bigge,  T.  E.  Headlam,  John  Spedding,  James  Losh,  George 
Thomas  Duun,  Anthony  Easterby,  Colonel  Bell,  Armorer  Donkin, 
John  Fife,  A.  L.  Potter,  Thomas  Batson,  John  Ridley,  John 
Fenwick,  and  James  Hodgson.  Charles  John  Bigge,  esq.,  was 
appointed  mayor,  Thomas  Dunn,  esq.,  sheriff,  and  John  Clayton, 
esq.,  town  clerk. 

Great  was  the  excitement  manifested  by  all  parties  in  the 
borough  of  Gateshead  for  several  days  previous  to  the  election  of 
councillors,  which  took  place  on  the  same  day,  when  the  following 
gentlemen  were  chosen  for  the  respective  wards  : — West  Ward — 
James  Pollock,  144  ;  Thomas  Cummins,  101  ;  John  Barras,  97  ; 
John  Fairbairn,  93  ;  Edmund  Graham,  89  ;  John  Bell  Johnson, 
85.  East  Ward — George  Hawks,  143 ;  James  Hymers,  85  ; 
John  Abbott,  84  ;  John  Colman,  79  ;  Benjamin  Matchett,  78  ;  J. 
Greene,  73.  South  Ward — George  Sowerby,  94  ;  Thomas  Wilson, 
93  ;  William  Henry  Brockett,  91 ;  Robert  Davis,  90  ;  Michael 
Hall,  88 ;  Robert  Robson,  82.  The  aldermen  appointed  were 
John  Abbott,  George  Hawks,  John  Barras,  James  Pollock, 
Michael  Hall,  and  Thomas  Wilson.  George  Hawks,  esq.,  was 
elected  mayor,  and  William  Kell,  esq.,  town  clerk. 

The  election  of  town  councillors  for  Sunderland  was  conducted 
with  much  interest  and  good  order.  On  December  the  29th  Mr. 
Spoor,  the  chief  officer,  declared  the  following  councillors  elected: — 
Sunderland  Ward — John  Barry,  jun.,  100;  Joseph  Lee,  89; 
Thomas  Taylor,  73  ;  William  Kirk,  jun.,  72  ;  Jeremiah  Sowerby, 
60  ;  William  Boyes  Walker,  58.  Bishopwearmonth  Ward — 
Andrew  White,  132  ;  Thomas  Marwood,  jun.,  75  ;  George  Booth, 
61;  Robert  Spoor,  60 ;  Thomas  Brown,  jun.,  44;  John  Aitkin, 
39.  Monkwearmouth  Ward — James  Allison,  191  ;  Cooper  Abbs, 
163;  Thomas  Speeding,  132;  Matthew  Robson,  jun.,  121; 
George  Wilkin  Hall,  115  ;  George  Hudson,  106.  West  Ward — 
Emerson  Muschamp,  100  ;  Andrew  White  99  ;  Barnabas  Sharp, 
92  ;  Philip  Laing,  84 ;  Henry  Scott,  63 ;  John  G.  Black,  60. 
Bridge  Ward—  John  Coull  Carr,  123 ;  John  Hopper,  101  ; 
William  Reid  Clanny,  89  ;  John  Hutchinson,  85  ;  Errington  Bell 
Ord,  83 ;  William  Carr,  82.  St.  Michael's  Ward—'R.  White,  88  ; 
Robert  Burdon  Cay,  75 ;  John  Lotherington,  73 ;  Andrew 
Godfrey  Bahn,  65  ;  James  Vint,  58  ;  William  Blackett,  56.  East 
Ward—  Richard  Spoor,  146;  William  Nicholson,  100  ;  Thomas 
Reed,  jun.,  98;  Thomas  Reed,  85;  Robert  Dixon,  75;  William 
French,  74.  The  following  gentlemen  were  elected  aldermen  :— 
Richard  Spoor,  Thomas  Reed,  jun.,  Barnabas  Sharp,  Philip  Laing, 
William  Kirk,  jun.,  Thomas  Taylor,  Thomas  Brown,  jun.,  John 
Atkin,  William  Reid  Clanny,  J.  C.  Carr,  James  Allison,  C.  Abbs, 
R.  White,  and  John  Lotherington.  Andrew  White,  esq.,  was 
elected  mayor,  and  J.  P.  Kidson,  esq.,  town  clerk. 


43  HISTORICAL    REGISTER   OF  [>.D.   1835. 

The  election  for  the  town  council  in  the  city  of  Durham 
excited  a  irroat  deal  of  interest  and  bustle  during  the  day.  The 
polling  took  place  before  the  mayor  and  town  clerk.  There  was 
little  or  no  canvassing,  and  the  election  fell  on  the  following 

persons: South  I  Yard— Thomas  Greenwell,  76;  Edward  Ship- 

perdson,  (If,  ;  John  Trotter,  65  ;  John  Barrel!,  50  ;  Robert 
Rolxmi,  45;  George  Appleby,  44.  St.  NiMri  Ward— 
II.  Marshall,  99;  George  Rob>on,  8i  ;  William  Rippon,  77; 
John  Henderson,  72;  William  Darling,  09;  William  Green,  08. 
North  Ward— John  E,  Marshall,  114;  Robert  Ovington,  111; 
K.  HoiTirHt,  DA;  R-  Stafford,  88;  George  Hade,  68  ;  John 
r.ramwell,  GO.  The  following  gentlemen  were  chosen  to  be  alder- 
men : John  Bnrrell,  Dr.  Trotter,  John  Bramwell,  Robert  Robson, 

II.  Marshall,  and  A.  W.  Hutchinson.  Thomas  Greenwell,  esq., 
was  appointed  mayor,  and  John  Hutchinson,  esq..  town  clerk. 

At  Stockton  the  following  were  elected  councillors  : — 
Chistopher  Lodge,  Robert  Lamb,  Christopher  Martin,  William 
Robinson,  Thomas  Walker,  Robinson  Watson,  Joshua  Byers, 
George  Walton,  Thomas  Jennett,  Robert  Jordison,  Joseph  Wade, 
Samuel  Braithwaite,  George  Applegarth,  John  R.  Walker, 
William  Skinner,  sen.,  Christopher  Coales,  Thomas  Heaviside, 
and  Joseph  Claxton.  On  the  31st,  the  councillors  elected  the 
following  from  their  own  body  to  be  aldermen  : — William  Skinner, 
sen.,  Robert  Jordison,  Christopher  Lodge,  Robert  Lamb,  Robinson 
Watson,  and  Thomas  Walker.  William  Skinner,  esq.,  was 
elected  mayor,  and  Thomas  Henry  Faber,  esq.,  town  clerk. 

The  election  of  councillors  took  place  at  Morpeth  on  the  same 
day,  the  choice  of  the  electors  having  fallen  on  the  following 
gentlemen  :  —  A.  Charlton,  John  Creighton,  Richard  Lewins, 
Thomas  Jobling,  Dr.  Hedley,  George  Hood,  William  Clark, 
Robert  Blakey,  John  Bates,  Robert  Hopper,  Dr.  Trotter,  and 
William  Singleton.  Aldermen : — Andrew  Robert  Fenwick,  Thomas 
Bowser,  Joseph  Thew,  and  Thomas  Bowman;  Anthony  Charlton, 
esq.,  was  elected  mayor  ;  and  William  Woodman,  esq.,  town  clerk. 

Preliminary  meetings  of  the  burgesses  of  Berwick-upon-Tweed 
were  held,  and  lists  of  candidates  proposed.  The  following  are 
the  names  of  the  councillors  elected  : — North  Ward— John  Wilson, 
George  K.  Nicholson,  George  Gilchrist,  John  Clay,  Thomas 
Chartres,  and  John  Tait.  South  Ward— John  Millar  Dickson, 
Robert  Marshall,  W.  Marshall,  Richard  Reavely,  William  Young, 
and  Robert  Ramsey.  Middle  Ward — George  Bogue,  Joseph 
Hnbback,  George  Johnstone,  Patrick  Mole,  Alexander  Moor,  and 
Thomas  Cockburn.  The  following  gentlemen  were  elected 
aldermen: — William  Wilson,  George  Patterson,  Thomas  Thompson, 
Charles  Uobson,  John  Dewar,  and  Thomas  Bogue.  John  Wilson, 
e>([.,  was  elected  mayor,  John  Pratt,  esq.,  sheriff,  and  Matthew- 
Jameson,  esq  ,  town  clerk. 

Subsequent  elections  were  held  in  each  of  the  above  boroughs 
to  supply  the  vacancies  occasioned  by  the  election  of  councillors  to 
the  office  of  aldermen. 


JL.D.  1836.  |  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  49 

1835  (December    31). — The   Exchange   clock,  at   Sunderland, 
which  had  been  out  of  use  for  nearly  ten  years,  was  set  in  motion, 
having  been  repaired  and   furnished  with  a  new  bell,  the  dials  at 
night  being  illuminated  with  gas. 

December  31. — A  gold  watch  was  lost  in  a  field  near  Cramlington. 
The  field  was  soon  after  sown,  twice  harrowed,  once  rolled,  and 
twice  weeded,  and  the  watch  was  found  on  the  15th  of  September, 
1838,  uninjured. 

1836  (January  \). — The  foundation-stone  of  a  new  chapel  was 
laid  in  Liaskill- street,  North  Shields,  for  the  Methodist  New  Con- 
nection. 

January  6. — The  Grenville  Bay,  whaler,  of  Newcastle,  arrived 
in  the  Tyne,  an  event  which  was  hailed  as  a  joyous  occasion  at 
Tynemouth  and  North  Shields.  The  colours  of  the  Loyal  Standard 
and  Good  Design  Associations  were  hoisted  at  their  offices,  and 
the  sands  at  the  Low-lights  and  -South  Shields  were  crowded  with 
spectators,  who  evinced  the  pleasure  they  felt  by  heartily  cheering 
the  vessel  and  crew  as  she  gallantly  sailed  up  the  river.  The 
Grenville  Bay  had  three  fish  and  about  seventy  tons  of  oil. 
Captain  Taylor  and  his  crew  generally  were  in  good  health, 
considering  the  distressing  privations  they  had  endured.  The 
cook,  unfortunately,  fell  overboard  on  the  passage  home.  The 
crew  were  put  upon  full  allowance  on  the  vessel  getting  clear  of 
the  ice  on  the  16th  December,  and  there  remained  on  arrival 
about  a  ton  and  a  half  of  beef  and  pork,  and  sixteen  cwt.  of  bread, 
which  were  calculated  to  support  the  crew,  on  short  allowance, 
till  the  beginning  of  May.  Captain  Taylor  stated,  that  after  the 
11  th  November,  the  Grenville  Bay,  Lady  Jane,  and  Norfolk 
continued  to  drift  southward,  having  the  Abram  in  sight.  On  the 
20th,  saw  the  land,  distant  about  forty  miles,  in  lat.  64.  The 
prevailing  winds  being  easterly,  they  continued  to  drift  southward 
and  set  shoreward,  and  on  the  8th  of  December  they  were  in  the 
mouth  of  Hudson's  bay,  Resolution  island  bearing  east  15  or  20 
miles.  They  were  then  carried  by  the  current  to  Green  island, 
and  proceeded  a  considerable  way  in  Ungava  bay ;  but,  very 
fortunately,  a  current  swept  them  along  the  land  and  round 
Batten's  island,  and  carried  them  entirely  out  of  Hudson's  straits, 
where  they  were  apprehensive  at  one  time  they  would  have  to 
winter.  There  were  frequent  partial  openings  in  the  park  of  ice, 
and  the  ships  took  advantage  to  proceed  eastward,  and  heavy 
swells  aided  their  escape;  but  the  vessels  received  some  heavy 
blows  from  the  ice.  When  the  Grenville  Bay  got  into  the  water 
on  the  16th,  the  Lady  June  was  not  in  sight,  having  set  by  the 
current  to  the  westward  the  preceding  day.  This  was  in  latitude 
58  50,  and  distant  from  the  Labrador  coast  30  miles.  Several 
whales  were  seen  in  about  lat.  61  30,  and  though  the  attempt 
was  made  to  take  them,  it  was  unsuccessful,  owing,  probably,  to 
the  unfit  state  the  crews  were  in  for  fishing, 

January  6. — A  fatal  accident  occured  at  the  Downs  pit,  Hetton 
colliery.  Philip  Snooks  and  Matthew  Rutherford,  coal  hewers, 

H 


50  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D. 

got  into  the  loop  to  descend  to  work,  when  they  fell  to  the  bottom, 
a  depth  of  180  fathoms,  in  consequence  of  the  loop  not  being 
properly  fastened  to  the  chain.  Two  masons  who  were  working 
in  the  shaft  at  the  time  providentially  escaped. 

1836  (January  G.) — According  to  an  admeasurement  by  the 
town  surveyor,  the  streets  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne  were  found  to 
extend  upwards  of  twenty-eight  miles  in  length. 

January  !.». — The  Norfolk,  whaler,  of  Berwick,  arrived  off  that 
port  this  morning.  The  long-looked-for  vessel  anchored  in  the 
bay.  The  intelligence  spread  rapidly  over  the  town,  diffusing  in 
its  progress  unalloyed  gratification,  and  all  classes  were  seen  in 
groups  travelling  to  the  pier  and  ramparts  to  obtain  a  confirmation 
of  the  report.  The  Norfolk  left  the  ice  on  the  14th  of  December, 
and  arrived  at  the  Orkney  Islands  on  January  8th.  The  crew 
were  free  from  disease,  but  generally,  very  weak.  They  had  been 
on  short  allowance  from  the  beginning  of  October. 

January  16. — Died,  at  Monkend,  near  Croft,  aged  85,  Charles 
Colling,  esq.,  the  original  breeder  of  Durham  short-horned  cattle. 
Of  the  surprizingly  fat  individuals  of  that  variety  numerous 
instances  might  be  produced,  but  the  one  most  deserving  of  notice 
was  the  far-famed  Durham  Ox,  which  was  bred  by  the  above  Mr. 
Colling,  at  Ketton,  in  the  year  1796.  At  an  early  age  he  indicated 
every  disposition  to  fatten,  and  the  expectations  of  the  best  judges 
were  not  disappointed.  At  five  years  old  he  was  not  only  covered 
thick  with  fat  upon  all  the  principal  points,  but  his  whole  carcase 
was  loaded  with  it,  and  was  then  thought  so  wonderful  an  animal, 
and  so  far  exceeding  whatever  had  been  seen  before,  that  he  was 
purchased  to  be  exhibited  as  a  show  by  Mr.  Bulrner,  of  Harmley, 
near  Bedale,  in  February,  1801,  for  £140;  his  living  weight  at 
that  time  being  220  stone,  (14  Ibs.  to  the  stone).  Mr.  Buhner  got 
a  carriage  made  to  convey  him  in,  and  after  travelling  five  weeks, 
sold  him  and  the  carriage  at  Rotheram  to  Mr.  John  '  Day,  on  the 
4th  of  May,  for  £250.  On  the  14th  of  May,  Mr.  Day  could  have 
sold  him  for  £525  ;  on  the  13th  of  June,  for  £1,000  ;  and  on  the 
8th  of  July,  for  £2,000,  but  Mr.  Day  preferred  keeping  him,  and 
travelled  with  him  nearly  six  years  through  the  principal  parts  of 
England  and  Scotland,  and  arrived  at  Oxford  in  February,  1807, 
where,  on  the  19th,  the  Ox,  by  accident,  dislocated  his  hip  bone 
when  he  was  obliged  to  be  killed. 

Janwmj  21.— The  reformed  town  council  of  Newcastle-upon- 
lyne,  decided,  by  a  majority  of  25  to  21,  that  the  mansion- 

ise,  on  the  system  heretofore  practised,  should  be  discontinued; 
the  mayor  should  receive  £1,000  yearly,  for  the  purpose  of 
:eepmg  up  certain  restricted  hospitalities,  &c.  ;  that  the  judges  of 
should  be  lodged  at  the  expense  of  the  corporation,  in  a 
ither  taken,  built,  or  purchased,  and  that  the  mayor  should 
Ins  own  house  or  have  the  option  of  dwelling  in  the  house 
ofThe^udlr  g  hiS  may°ralt?'  ex<*pting  during  the  stay 

/am<«;/23.-About  three  o'clock  in  the  mornin,  the  house  of 


A.D.  1336.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  51 

Mr.  Dixon,  glazier,  Tyne-street,  Newcastle,  was  discovered  to  be 
on  fire  by  Mrs.  Marshall,  a  washerwoman.  The  flames  raged 
with  such  fury  that  in  a  few  minutes  the  whole  house  was  in  a 
blaze.  Mr.  Dixon,  his  wife  and  six  children,  being  unable  to 
make  their  escape  by  the  door,  got  out  by  the  window.  He  had 
eight  children,  and  at  first  hoped  all  their  lives  had  been  preserved, 
unfortunately,  however,  two  fine  girls,  one  thirteen  and  the  other 
nine  years  of  age,  perished  before  their  situation  was  known. 
The  house  furniture  and  £100  in  money,  together  with  all  the 
stock  in  trade,  were  destroyed,  and  the  whole  family  who  escaped 
in  their  night  clothes,  lost  the  rest  of  their  apparel.  A  subscrip- 
tion was  immediately  entered  into  for  their  relief,  and  the  amount 
collected  ultimately  covered  the  entire  pecuniary  loss  which  Mr. 
Dixon  had  sustained.  In  connection  with  this  melancholy  event, 
the  following  incident  is  worthy  of  being  recorded: — A  few  days 
after  the  fire,  Sir  M.  W.  Ridley,  bart.,  paid  a  visit  to  the  Broad 
and  Crown  Glass  Works,  of  which  he  was  the  principal  proprietor, 
arid  according  to  custom  presented  a  sum  of  money  among  the 
workmen  to  drink  his  health.  This  pleasure,  however,  they 
generously  denied  themselves,  and  applied  the  gift  in  aid  of  the 
subscription  for  their  unfortunate,  neighbour,  Mr.  Dixon.  This 
having  been  made  known  to  the  worthy  baronet  he  was  so  much 
pleased  with  it  that  he  repeated  his  donation  as  a  reward  for  their 
benevolence. 


GLASSHOUSE!  BRIDGE,  FOOT  OF  TYNE  STREET. 

1836  ( January 23J — During  the  whole  of  this  day,  Newcastle  and 
the  northern  district  generally  was  visited  with  a  violent  storm 
of  wind  from  the  south  west,  which  did  considerable  damage  to 
the  buildings  in  that  and  the  neighbouring  towns,  by  blowing 
down  chimneys,  unroofing  houses,  &c,  A  large  chimney  at 
Cowpen  Quay  salt  works  was  blown  down,  the  buildings  were 
unroofed,  and  the  walls  greatly  damaged.  At  North  Shields  the 


52  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  183(5. 

boats  for  some  time  were  prevented  from  crossing  the  river,  and 
the  roofs  of  several  houses  were  very  much  injured  by  the  chim- 
neys falling.  Morpeth  and  the  neighbourhood  suffered  consider- 
able damage,  a  number  of  houses  were  unroofed  and  chimnies 
blown  down.  Meldon  Park,  the  splendid  seat  of  Isaac  Cooksdn, 
e*q.,  was  partly  unroofed  and  a  quantity  of  glass  broken.  At 
Shawdon  Hall,  the  seat  of  Win.  Kawson,  esq.,  a  magnificent 
painted  window  was  totally  destroyed.  A  woman  was  blown  out 
of  a  cart  on  Alnwick  moor  and  had  her  arm  broken.  Throughout 
the  North  and  South  Tyne  the  storm  raged  with  great  fury.  At 
Capheaton,  walls  were  blown  down  and  trees  of  the  largest 
dimensions  were  torn  up  by  the  roots,  one  of  which  falling  upon 
Miss  Isabella  Robson,  killed  her  on  the  spot.  At  Newcastle,  the 
steeple  of  St.  John's  church  was  partially  blown  down,  and  the 
windows  of  the  Baptist  chapel,  Marlborough-crescent,  received 
considerable  damage  About  six  o'clock  in  the  evening,  the 
chimney  connected  with  the  retorts  at  the  gas  works  was  blown 
down  and  fell  upon  the  roof  of  the  building,  under  which  the 
workmen  were  at  the  time  employed.  At  the  moment  of  the 
accident  the  greater  portion  of  the  roof,  together  with  the  west 
gable  gave  way,  and  fell  with  a  tremendous  crash.  Six  of  the 
men  were  covered  by  the  ruins,  all  of  whom  were  speedily  extri- 
cated. From  the  mass  of  materials  blown  down  their  escape  with 
life  seemed  almost  miraculous.  At  Berwick,  the  chapel  in  Golden 
Square  was  almost  wholly  unroofed,  and  the  congregation  were 
unable  to  meet  in  it  on  the  following  day.  At  Holy  Island  fully 
one  half  of  the  houses  were  unroofed,  a  sheet  of  lead  on  the  church, 
weighing  about  three  tons,  was  rolled  up,  and  in  consequence  of 
the  injury  done  to  the  building,  no  service  was  performed  in  it 
next  day.  At  Sunderland,  the  entire  roof  of  a  house  was  blown 
off,  and  many  similar  occurrences  took  place  in  different  parts  of 
the  country. 

1836  (January  26  ) — An  inquest  was  held  at  the  New  Inn,  Hope- 
town,  near  Darlington,  on  view  of  the  bodies  of  Jane,  the  wife,  and 
Margaret  and  William,  the  two  infant  children  of  William  Lister, 
the  younger,  white  smith,  of  the  above  place,  who  on  Monday 
afternoon  were  returning  from  Darlington,  up  the  depot  branch  of 
the  Stockton  and  Darlington  railway,  when  four  very  heavily  laden 
waggons  were  coming  down  ;  the  little  girl  slept  from  the  footpath 
into  the  main  line,  and  the  mother  with  the  other  infant  in  her 
arms  stretched  out  her  hand  to  rescue  her  from  danger,  when  the 
waggons,  coming  instantly  upon  them,  knocked  the  mother  down, 
and  the  whole  three  were  run  over  and  killed  upon  the  spot. 

January  28.— An  awful  explosion  occurred  in  the  celebrated 

etton  colliery,  near  Houghton-le-Spring,  by  which  twenty 
human  beings  lost  their  lives.  Upwards  of  one  hundred  persons 
were  employed  in  the  pit  at  the  time,  but  owing  to  the  accident 
>emg  confined  to  one  of  the  workings— the  Downs  pit— the 
number  was  less  than  might  have  been  expected, 

January  28.— A  very  substantial  bridge,  of  good  workmanship, 


A.D.  1836.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  53 

was  finished  across  the  river  Wansbeck,  at  the  Morpeth  Grange 
Ford.  This  made  the  fourth  bridge  across  that  river,  all  within  a 
mile  and  a  half. 

1836  (January  29.J— Died,  at  the  advanced  age  of  91  years, 
William  Scott,  Baron  Stowell,  of  Stowell  Park,  in  the  county  of 
Gloucester,  D.C.L.,  F.R.8.,  and  F.S.A.,  Master  of  the  Faculties, 
and  a  member  of  the  Privy  Council.  Lord  Stowell  was  born  on 
the  17th  of  October,  1745,  at  Heworth,  in  the  county  of  Durham. 
His  mother  was  Jane,  daughter  of  Henry  Atkinson,  hoastman, 
and  his  father,  William  Scott,  a  substantial  coal-fitter  and 
merchant,  residing  in  Love-lane,  Quayside,  Newcastle.  Owing  to 
the  rebellion  that  broke  out  in  1745,  and  the  alarm  then  prevalent 
in  Newcastle,  whicli  had  been  fortified  against  the  Pretender,  his 
mother,  when  in  an  advanced  state  of  pregnancy,  was  lowered 
in  a  basket  from  the  town  wall,  into  a  boat  which  lay  in  waiting 
to  convey  her  to  Heworth,  on  the  southern  shore  of  the  Tyne. 
Here  she  Avas  delivered  of  a  boy  and  a  girl,  twins,  William, 
afterwards  Lord  Stowell,  and  Barbara,  who  died  young.  William 
was  educated  at  the  Royal  Grammar  School,  in  Newcastle,  but  at 
the  early  age  of  sixteen  he  availed  himself  of  his  claim  as  a  native 
of  the  county  of  Durham  to  a  scholarship  in  Corpus  Christi 
College,  Oxford,  and  before  attaining  his  seventeenth  year  he  was 
entered  as  a  student  in  the  middle  temple.  In  November,  1764, 
he  took  his  bachelor's  degree.  In  the  following  month,  he  was 
elected  probationary  fellow  of  Oxford  College,  and  further,  one 
of  the  greatest  compliments  that  could  have  been  paid  to  his 
learning,  he  was  at  the  age  of  twenty,  appointed  college  tutor. 
In  1767,  he  took  his  master's  degree,  and  in  1772,  May  30,  he 
became  B.C.L.,  having  determined  to  follow  the  civil  law  as  a 
profession.  In  the  year  1774,  he  was  elected  Camden  reader  of 
ancient  history,  vacant  by  the  death  of  Mr.  Warneford,  and  never 
were  the  duties  of  the  professorship  so  ably  fulfilled  since  its  first 
institution  in  1662,  His  lectures  are  said  to  have  been  attended 
by  the  largest  concourse  of  academics  ever  known,  who  were 
equally  delighted  with  the  classical  eloquence  of  his  style,  the 
admirable  arrangement  of  his  subject,  and  the  luminous  informa- 
tion conveyed  by  him.  In  these  particulars  they  successfully 
competed  with  the  course  of  lectures  delivered  by  the  Vinerian 
professor,  Blackstone,  which  they  equalled  in  popularity.  Of 
Scott's  merits  in  this  office  both  Dr.  Parr  and  Gibbon  have  written 
in  the  highest  terms  of  commendation.  Until  1779  he  remained 
at  Oxford  ;  but  in  that  year  he  took  the  degree  of  D.C.L.,  and 
enrolled  himself  a  member  of  the  College  of  Doctors  at  Law, 
practising  in  the  Ecclesiastical  and  Admiralty  Courts.  Shortly 
after  settling  in  the  metropolis  he  became  enrolled  amongst  the 
wits  in  an  age  that  could  boast  of  Dr.  Johnson,  Sir  William  Jones, 
and  Sir  Joshua  Reynolds.  With  Johnson,  indeed,  and  Sir  Joshua 
Reynolds,  he  was  soon  on  terms  of  sincere  friendship,  which 
continued  till  the  day  of  their  death.  His  lordship  left  a  fortune 
of  nearly  £250,000.,  a  sum  which,  though  very  large,  could  hardly 


51  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  |_A.D.    1836. 

be  termed  surprisingly  so,  considering  the  income  he  had  enjoyed 
for  so  long  a  period,  and  his  extremely  prudent  habits.  He 
carried,  indeed,  his  views  on  economy  so  far  that  he  refused  to 
make  his  son  a  sufficient  allowance  to  enable  him  to  marry,  and 
the  disappointment  was  said  to  have  led  Mr.  Scott  into  intemperate 
habits,  under  which  his  constitution  gave  way,  and  he  died  about 
two  months  before  his  father.  In  one  thing,  however,  Lord 
Stowell  was  exceedingly  liberal — his  love  of  sights — and  many 
hundred  pounds  were  expended  by  him  in  visiting  every  exhibition, 
however  contemptible,  which  appeared  in  London.  But  in  his 
court  the  eccentricities  of  his  character  were  forgotten  in  the 
solidity  of  his  judgments  and  the  inimitable  felicity  of  his  language, 
and  he  has  left  behind  him  an  imperishable  name  in  the  records  of 
English  civil  law.  There  is  a  good  portrait  of  Lord  Stowell  in  the 
Guildhall,  Newcastle. 

1836  (February  7.) — A  new  chapel,  belonging  to  the  Methodist 
New  Connexion,  was  opened  at  Sheriff-hill,  near  Gateshead,  when 
the  liberal  sum  of  £18.  2s.  Gd.  was  collected. 

February  12. — Mr.  Mark  Scott,  overman  at  Fawdon  colliery, 
was  blown  down  the  shaft  of  that  pit  and  killed  on  the  spot. 

February  16. — A  dinner  was  given  to  a  number  of  gentlemen, 
by  Mr.  Joseph  Armstrong,  brewer,  in  the  mash  tub  of  an  extensive 
brewery  which  he  had  just  completed  in  Hanover-square,  New- 
castle. Sixteen  gentlemen  were  conveniently  accommodated  in 
this  singular  dining-room. 

February  17. — Newcastle  and  neighbourhood  were  visited  by 
a  tremendous  hurricane  from  the  N.N.E.  accompanied  by 
heavy  showers  of  snow  and  sleet,  there  was  also  a  vivid  flash  of 
lightning  followed  by  a  loud  peal  of  thunder.  The  river  Tyne 
rose  to  an  extraordinary  height,  overflowing  its  banks  in  many 
places,  and  causing  considerable  alarm  in  Shields  harbour  by 
forcing  several  vessels  from  their  moorings.  At  Sunderland,  the 
wind  being  from  the  N,E.  produced  the  highest  tide  ever  remem- 
bered in  that  port  by  the  oldest  inhabitant.  At  Seaton  Carew, 
the  water  flowed  through  the  town  like  a  river,  and  at  Hartlepool, 
the  sea  rose  seven  feet  above  the  highest  tide  mark  recorded.  At 
Middlesbro'  immense  damage  was  done,  the  pottery  alone  suffering 
to  the  amount  of  £1,000.  A  very  great  number  of  vessels  were 
wrecked  all  along  the  coast. 

February  17. — About  six  o'clock  in  the  evening,  a  most 
alarming  lire  broke  out  at  Warton  farm,  near  Rothbury,  occupied 
by  Mr.  Robt.  Dickinson,  by  which  seventeen  corn  stacks,  the  barn, 
and  the  thrashing  machine  were  totally  consumed.  The  devouring 
element  spread  with  such  awful  rapidity  that  in  less  than  half-an- 
hour,  the  whole  presented  one  tremendous  blaze.  Mr.  Dickinson 
had  fortunately  insured  his  property  only  a  few  weeks  before. 

^  February  20. — A  barbarous  murder  was  committed  in  the 
village  of  Lumley,  in  the  county  of  Durham,  on  the  person  of 
Richard  Taylor,  a  shoemaker,  in  the  76th  year  of  his  age.  The 
deed  was  supposed  to  have  been  penetrated  between  seven  an 


l.D.    1836.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  55 

eight  o'clock  in  the  evening.  The  body  was  found  by  two  boys 
on  the  following  morning.  The  head  had  been  beaten  till  almost  ilat, 
and  the  brains  were  scattered  about  the  ground.  The  unfortunate 
old  man,  who  was  of  an  inoffensive  disposition  and  much  respected, 
was  robbed  of  between  ten  and  twenty  shillings  in  silver.  Two 
men  were  apprehended  on  suspicion,  but  were  afterwards  dis- 
charged. 

1336  (February  21.) — Died,  in  his  70th  year,  at  Auckland  Castle, 
the  Right  Rev.  William  Van  Mildert,  the  last  Count  Palatine 
bishop  of  Durham.  Dr.  Van  Mildert  was  the  grandson  of 
Abraham  Van  Mildert,  of  Amsterdam,  who  settled  as  a  merchant 
in  London,  and  resided  in  the  parish  of  Great  St.  Helen's.  His 
son  Cornelius,  who  resided  at  Newington,  Surrey,  and  died  in 
1799,  had  by  Martha,  daughter  of  William  Hill  of  Vauxhall, 
esq.,  three  sons  of  whom  the  second  and  sole  survivor  was  the 
bishop.  His  first  curacy  was  at  Sherburne,  Oxfordshire,  but  in 
1812  he  was  appointed  preacher  in  Lincoln's  Inn,  and  in  the 
following  year  Regius  Professor  of  Divinity  at  Oxford.  In  1819, 
he  was  made  bishop  of  Landaff,  in  1820  dean  of  St.  Paul's,  and 
in  1826  bishop  of  Durham.  His  productions  as  a  theological 
writer  were  numerous,  and  rank  in  the  first  order,  his  edition  of 
the  works  of  "  Waterland "  supplying  a  defect  which  had  long 
existed  in  ecclesiastical  literature.  His  charity  was  unbounded, 
every  corner  of  his  diocese  bearing  testimony  to  his  liberality,  but 
his  munificent  donations  to  the  University  of  Durham  were  the 
most  conspicuous  evidences  of  his  bounty,  and  notwithstanding  his 
princely  income  his  lordship  died  comparatively  speaking  a  poor 
man.  Provision  for  his  amiable  widow  arose  chiefly  from  her 
beneficial  interest  in  a  life  policy  to  be  realised  by  his  lordship's 
demise.  On  the  whole  it  is  very  difficult  to  speak  justly  of  this 
eminent  person  without  seeming  to  incur  the  charge  of  flattery. 
His  understanding  was  vigorous  and  comprehensive,  his  learning 
accurate  and  deep,  his  apprehension  quick,  his  temper  highly 
sensitive,  but  generous,  kind,  and  forgiving  in  the  last  degree. 
Perhaps  no  man  ever  lived  who  could  dismiss  an  angry  emotion 
more  readily  from  his  mind.  To  forgive  injuries  was  the  habit  of 
his  life  ;  to  resent  them  he  was  never  known.  But,  after  all,  the 
grand  element  of  this  fine  character  was  a  deep,  habitual,  and 
pervading  sense  of  religion.  This  was  the  foundation-stone  of  the 
whole  fabric  ;  on  no  other  principle,  indeed,  could  such  a  character 
have  been  formed.  The  labour  of  his  life  and  the  faculties  of  his 
mind  were  steadily  directed  to  the  maintenance  and  vindication  of 
Christian  truth.  The  remains  of  this  excellent  prelate  were  interred 
in  a  vault  prepared  in  the  nave  of  the  cathedral  church  of  Durham. 
Hitherto  no  Protestant  bishop  had  been  buried  there.  The  funeral 
took  place  on  the  1st  of  March. 

February  24. — Berwick-upon-Tweed  and  neighbourhood  were 
visited  with  a  tremendous  gale.  The  violent  north-east  wind 
impelled  the  waves  so  fearfully  upon  the  shore  that  they  were  only 
prevented  from  inundating  the  streets  by  the  strength  of  the 


HISTORICAL    REGISTER    OF  [A.D.  1836. 

ancient  walls.  In  Chillinghara  Park  upwards  of  1,300  trees  were 
Mown  down  ;  and  a  venerable  tree  which  had  stood  400  years  in 
the  church-yard  at  Alnwick,  and  was  called  the  Broom  Tree,  was 
jilso  destroyed. 

:  (March  2.)— At  about  eight  o'clock  at  night  the  extensive 
•pinning  mill  of  Messrs.  Clarke,  Plummer,  and  Co.,  at  the  Ouse- 
burn,  Newcastle,  was  discovered  to  be  on  fire.  Seven  fire  engines 
were' speedily  on  the  spot,  and  a  plentiful  supply  of  water  being  at 
hand,  the  flames  were  confined  to  that  part  of  the  mill  where  they 
had  originated,  but  the  machinery,  models,  &c.,  were  much  injured, 
and  the  total  damage  did  not  amount  to  less  than  £4,000. 

March  12. — About  this  time  an  extraordinary  mania  began  to 
devclope  itself  for  the  establishment  of  joint  stock  companies 
amongst  commercial  men  and  others  who  dabbled  in  shares.  And 
on  this  day  was  issued  the  prospectus  of  the  "  Northumberland 
and  Durham  District  Banking  Company."  The  capital  was 
proposed  to  be  Imlf-a-million,  in  50,000  shares  of  £10  each, 
upwards  of  40,000  shares  were  subscribed  for  in  less  than  a  month. 
The  eager  anxiety  to  obtain  shares  in  this  undertaking  was  almost 
unparalleled,  hundreds  of  respectable  individuals  being  refused  an 
allotment.  The  utmost  amount  of  shares  allowed  to  each 
applicant  was  100,  and  one  shilling  per  share  to  be  paid  on  their 
receipt.  A  few  days  after  the  shares  had  been  allotted  speculation 
rose  to  a  tremendous  pitch,  as  high  as  five  pounds  premium  being 
paid  for  a  share,  so  that  a  person  with  only  five  pounds  could 
convert  it  into  five  hundred.  At  a  meeting  held  in  Newcastle 
on  the  12th  of  May,  the  company  was  declared  established.  On 
the  18th  May  the  directors  issued  a  notice  that  arrangements  had 
been  made  with  Messrs.  J.  Backhouse  and  Co.,  for  the  incorpora- 
tion of  their  Newcastle  branch  with  the  new  establishment,  and 
the  bank  was  opened  for  business  on  the  1st  June,  under  the 
management  of  Mr.  Jonathan  Richardson  in  the  premises  previously 
occupied  by  Backhouse  &  Co. — See  March  1839. 

March  16. — The  boiler  of  the  engine  at  Cramlington  colliery 
burst,  and  three  persons  lost  their  lives  by  the  accident.  A  young 
man  named  John  Dawson,  who  had  charge  of  the  engine,  was  one 
of  the  sufferers  and  the  other  two  were  boys  on  their  way  to  school. 

March  18. — As  Robert  and  Philip  Marshall,  and  Alexander 
Hall,  of  Hallington,  in  the  parish  of  St.  John  Lee,  Northum- 
berland, were  digging  for  coals  near  Kirkheaton,  they  found  a 
human  skeleton  in  a  deep  hole  under  a  large  flat  stone,  the  head 
had  been  put  downwards,  and  the  arms  and  legs  had  been  bent 
upon  the  body.  From  the  appearance  of  the  remains  they  were 
supposed  to  have  been  those  of  a  tall  woman,  and  there  was  little 
doubt  from  the  position  in  which  they  were  found,  and  the  nature 
of  the  place,  that  she  had  been  murdered. 

March. — This  month,  in  clearing  away  the  sand  bank  east 
of  Morpeth  Castle,  the  workmen  dug  up  several  cannon  balls, 
of  one  and  two  pounds  weight,  which  were  supposed  to  have  been 
fired  during  the  siege  of  that  place  by  Montrose,  in  the  year  1644. 


A.D.  1836.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  57 

1836  (April  \). — A  spacious  new  chapel  was  opened  for  worship 
in  Gateshead,  for  the  use  of  the  Methodist  New  Connexion. 

April  2. — Mr.  William  Falla,  nurseryman,  of  Gateshead,  left 
his  home,  and  was  never  afterwards  seen  alive.  On  the  first  of 
May  his  body  was  accidentally  discovered  in  a  very  shocking 
state  in  Ravensworth  Wood,  near  Ladypark  farm.  It  was  then 
found  that  the  deceased  had  committed  suicide  by  piercing  his 
windpipe  with  a  pen-knife,  an  instrument  which  he  had  closed  and 
replaced  in  his  pocket  after  committing  the  act. 

April  25. — The  bridge  across  the  Tyne  at  Wylam  was  formally 
opened.  It  is  of  wood,  supported  by  stone  pillars,  and  was 
built  by  subscription.  It  affords  great  accommodation,  being 
passable  by  both  foot  passengers  and  carriages,  for  which  a  small 
toll  is  charged. 

April  27. — This  morning,  a  coble  belonging  to  "Whitburn, 
in  the  county  of  Durham,  containing  two  men  named  Curry — 
father  and  son — and  two  men  named  Henderson — brothers — put 
off  to  sea,  in  order  to  procure  some  lobster  boxes  they  had  placed 
near  the  rock  ends  the  previous  evening.  A  heavy  sea  unfortu- 
nately struck  the  coble  which  immediately  swamped,  and  the  crew 
perished  before  help  could  be  rendered.  The  men  each  left  a 
widow,  and  in  all  sixteen  children. 

May  1. — The  handsome  and  conveniently  situated  chapel 
belonging  to  the  Methodist  New  Connexion,  in  Hood-street, 
Newcastle,  was  opened  for  divine  service,  when  sermons  were 
preached  on  that  and  the  following  day,  during  which  was 
collected  the  sum  of  £166. 

May  2. — The  Newcastle  new  police  force,  under  the  superin- 
tendence of  Mr.  Stephens,  went  on  duty  for  the  first  time,  but 
they  did  not  appear  in  uniform  dress  until  the  following  week. 

May  7. — This  morning,  the  shipbuilding  yard  of  Messrs.  Adam- 
son,  of  Bishopvvearmouth  Pans,  was  discovered  to  be  on  fire. 
The  flames  spread  from  the  joiner's  shed,  where  they  originated, 
to  a  large  stock  of  timber  and  to  a  ship  that  was  building,  the 
former  was  entirely  and  the  latter  partially  consumed.  As  soon 
as  the  alarm  was  given,  the  populace  ran  in  thousands  to  the 
place.  A  large  malting  occupied  by  Mr.  Thomas  Taylor,  which 
adjoined  the  premises,  and  which  contained  upwards  of  5,000 
bushels  of  malt  was  also  totally  destroyed. 

May  9. — An  alarming  fire  occurred  at  Ilartlepool,  on  the 
premises  of  Mr.  Paddon,  druggist,  and  a  large  amount  of  injury 
was  done  before  the  flames  were  subdued. 

May  15. — That  striking,  and  at  all  times  interesting  phenomenon 
— a  solar  eclipse — occurred,  and  Alnwick  being  the  most  favour- 
ably situated  town  in  the  kingdom  for  observing  it,  Lord  Prudhoe, 
Sir  James  Smith,  and  other  astronomers,  were  invited  there  for 
that  purpose.  The  day  was  as  fine  as  ever  shone  from  the 
heavens,  not  a  cloud  was  visible,  and  the  progress  of  the  eclipse 
could  be  most  minutely  traced.  A  temporary  observatory  was 

i 


58 


HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1830. 


erected  near  Brislee  Tower,  and  Lord  Prudhoe  provided  a  number 
of  i,  or  the  use  of  the  public. 

(Ma;/  -21).— A  prospectus  was  issued  of  the  "Newcastle 

,'rrial'  Banking    Company."      The    proposed    capital    was 

,<>00.  in  50,000  shares  of  £10.  each,  but   it  was   ultimately 

;..t    .€100,000.,   of   which  £75,000.    were   called   up.      The 

bank  was  opened   in  the  beginning  of  August,  on  premises  at  the 

Bridge-end,  and  issued  its  own  notes  until  1840,  when  the  Bank  of 

England   paper  was  substituted.     In   July,  1845,  the  capital  was 

reduced  to  £50,000.  by  the  repayment  of  £2.  10s.  per  share  to  the 

shareholders.     See  August,  1856. 

May  23. — A  prospectus  of  the  "  Newcastle  Joint  Stock  Bank" 
appeared.  The  capital  was  fixed  at  £500,000.  in  £25.  shares, 
but  the  latter  were  afterwards  reduced  to  £10.  per  share,  and  a 
large  number  were  never  subscribed  for.  The  bank  commenced 
business  in  the  Royal  Arcade,  on  Saturday,  July  2nd.  See 
Janutmj  1846. 

'M(t>/  23. — A  prospectus  was  issued  of  the  "  Durham  County 
Coal  Company,"  capital  half -a- million,  in  £50.  shares.  The 
shares  were  speedily  taken  up,  and  the  company  soon  after  leased 
royalties  at  VVhitworth,  Byers  Green,  Gordon,  Evenwood,  and 
Coxhoe. 

M«i/  24. — A  meeting  was  held  between  Mr.  Grainger,  and  the 
proprietors  of  the  Newcastle  Theatre,  at  the  Queen's  Head  Inn, 
at  which  a  final  arrangement  was  made  for  the  removal  of  the  old 
theatre,  to  be  replaced  by  a  magnificent  new  one  in  Grey-street. 

May  28. — A  prospectus  was  issued  of  the  "  Newcastle  Joint 
Stock  Brewery,"  capital  £10,000,  in  1,000  shares  at  £10.  each, 
Same  day,  a  prospectus  appeared  of  the  "  Sunderlaml  Joint  Stock 
Bank,"  capital  £200,000.  in  20,000  shares  at  £10.  each.  See 
November,  1851. 

June  2. — The  skeleton  of  a  man  was  discovered  about  three  feet 
below  the  surface,  in  the  immediate  vicinity  of  Peter  Allan's 
tavern,  at  Marsden  Rock,  near  South  Shields.  The  body 
appeared  to  have  been  interred  with  care,  there  being  fiat  smooth 
stones  laid  beneath  the  head.  A  pistol  bullet  was  found  in  the 
chest,  and  a  fragment  about  three  inches  in  length  of  a  sharp- 
pointed  steel  instrument,  had  pierced  the  vertebra  of  the  neck, 
from  which  it_was  evident  that  death  had  arisen  from  violence. 

June  10. — The  Kirkharle  estates  in  Northumberland,  which 
had  been  in  the  possession  of  the  Loraine  family  for  upwards  of 
six  hundred  years,  were  sold  by  auction  in  London,  for  £57,000. 
The  purchaser  was  Thomas  Anderson,  esq.,  of  Benwell  Tower, 
nephew  of  the  late  Major  Anderson,  of  Newcastle. 

June  11. — An  advertisement  was  published  for  the  purpose 
of  obtaining  subscriptions  to  a  proposed  magnificent  suspension 

idge,  with  an  approach  from  near  St.  Nicholas'  church,   New- 
-     across    the    river,    to    West-street,     Gateshead,    thereby 
avoiding  the  steep  and  dangerous  hills,  Dean-street  and  the  Bottle 
Bank. 


THEATBE  ROYAL.MCSLEY  STREET.'NEWC 

removed  to  form  Gre/  S*  part  of  Site  now  occupied  by  Mes^ElfenjpriC': 


LITEEARY  &, PHILOSOPHICAL  LIBRARY. 

West^ate  Sc  Newcastle. 


A.D.    1836.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  59 

1836  (June  11^. — A.  prospectus  was  issued  "for  converting  the 
bank  of  Messrs.  Chapman  &  Co.,  into  a  joint  stock  company,  to  be 
called  the  Newcastle,  Shields,  and  Sunderland  Union  Joint  Stock 
Bank.  The  capital  was  fixed  at  £300,000,  in  30,000  shares. 
The  shares  having  been  quickly  taken  up,  the  company  com- 
menced business  on  Friday,  July  1,  and  arrangements  were  soon 
afterwards  made  for  the  purchase  of  the  banking  establishment 
of  Sir  W.  Clay  tor,  bart,  &  Co.,  at  Sunderland. 

June  18. — An  awful  thunder  storm  occurred  at  Durham. 
The  lightning  was  terrific,  and  the  rain  fell  in  torrents.  One 
house  in  Church-street,  near  the  New  Inn,  was  struck  by  the 
electric  fluid,  and  the  bad  which  two  men  had  just  left  was 
shivered  to  pieces. 

Jane  21. — The  Newcastle-upon-Tyne  and  North  Shields 
Railway  Act  received  the  royal  assent. 

June  24. — The  foundation  stones  of  two  new  chapels,  in 
the  parish  of  Newburn,  designed  by  Mr.  Green,  architect, 
Newcastle,  were  laid,  one  at  Dalton,  dedicated  to  the  Trinity  by 
Edward  Collingwood,  esq.,  of  Dissington,  and  the  other  at  Sugley 
Field,  dedicated  to  the  Saviour,  by  Charles  Bulmer,  esq.,  of 
Lemington.  Silver  coins  of  the  reign  of  William  IV.,  presented 
by  Robert  Boyd,  esq.,  were  placed  in  glass  vessels,  and  sunk  with 
the  foundation  stones,  together  with  suitable  inscriptions. 

June  24 — The  family  of  William  Barnell,  tallow  chandler,  Dur- 
ham, were  disturbed  by  the  cries  of  an  infant,  and  on  going  to  the 
room  from,  which  the  cries  proceeded  they  found  that  the  child  had 
been  severely  bitten  by  a  rat,  which  had  knawed  the  flesh  to  the 
bone  from  one  of  the  fingers  as  far  as  the  wrist.  It  had  also  com- 
menced an  attack  on  the  neck,  but  was  disturbed  by  the  family. 

June  26. — The  last  performance  in  the  Theatre  Royal,  Mosley- 
street,  Newcastle,  took  place  before  a  crowded  audience,  when  the 
comedy  of  "  Sweethearts  and  wives"  was  performed,  followed  by 
a  petite  comedy  entitled  "  Picturesque."  The  theatre  was  first 
opened  on  January  21,  1788,  and  Mr.  Grainger  commenced  to 
pull  it  down  on  Saturday,  November  5,  1830,  when  the  principal 
portion  of  the  site  was  thrown  into  Grey-street. 

June  28. — That  portion  of  the  Newcastle  and  Carlisle  Railway 
between  Hexham  and  Haydon  Bridge  was  opened  with  great 
splendour.  Two  trains,  one  drawn  by  the  Hercules  locomotive, 
manufactured  by  Stephenson,  and  the  second,  consisting  of  six 
railway  coaches  and  eleven  trucks,  drawn  by  the  Samson  engine, 
manufactured  by  Messrs.  Hawthorn,  left  Blaydon  about  eleven 
o'clock  with  the  directors  and  their  friends,  and  the  party  arrived 
at  Haydon  Bridg.e  a  little  before  two.  At  various  parts  of  the 
line  flags  were  hoisted,  and  discharges  of  guns  took  place  as  the 
trains  passed,  and  scarcely  a  spot  on  either  side  of  the  river  which 
commanded  a  view  of  the  procession  was  without  its  group  of 
spectators,  who  by  their  acclamations  testified  the  interest  they 
took  in  the  scene.  The  numerous  company  spent  a  delightful 
day  without  the  slightest  accident. 


EISTORICAL    REGISTER    OF  LA.D.    1836, 

183G  (/ufyj.— Notwithstanding  the  five  new  joint  stock  banks 
and  other  undertakings  established  in  Newcastle,  the  following 
•ulditional  prospectuses  were  issued:— The  Tyne  East  India  Com- 
pany, capital  £100,000;  the  North  of  England  Union  Sawing 
Mill  Company,  £5,000.  ;  the  Newcastle  and  Northumberland  Coal 
Company,  £300,000.  ;  the  North  of  England  Marine  Insurance 
Company,  £150,000.;  the  Tyne  Marine  Insurance  Company, 
£150,000. ;  the  Joint  Stock  Liberal  Newspaper  Company,  £5,000. ; 
the  Great  North  Koad  Suspension  Bridge  Company,  for  uniting 
Newcastle  and  Gateshead  at  a  high  level,  £125,000.  ;  the  Grand 
Eastern  Union  Railway  Company,  from  Newcastle  to  Durham, 
£800,000. ;  and  other  schemes. 

,/„/,/  3. — Newcastle  and  neighbourhood  was  visited  by  an 
awful  storm  of  thunder  and  lightning,  accompanied  by  rain. 
At  Kirkwhelpington,  the  electric  fluid  struck  a  large  ash  tree,  and 
shivered  it  from  top  to  bottom,  carrying  the  splinters,  bark,  &c., 
to  a  great  distance.  At  Whitleys,  near  Blanchland,  eighteen  sheep 
were  killed  by  the  lightning.  The  storm  also  visited  Alnwick  and 
neighbourhood  ;  and  Mr.  Elliott  of  Shaukhall,  near  that  place,  had 
a  valuable  horse  killed. 

July  8. — Sir  John  Walsham,  the  assistant  poor  law  com- 
missioner for  the  district,  formed  the  Newcastle-upon-Tyne-  Poor 
Law  Union. 

July  11. — As  George  Wilkinson,  esq.,  of  Durham,  was  driving 
his  lady  and  Mrs.  Wilkinson,  senior,  in  the  direction  of  Seaham, 
in  a  phaeton,  he  attempted  to  cross  the  Seaham  railway,  when 
a  train  of  waggons  was  descending  the  inclined  plane.  The 
horse  became  restive,  and  would  not  proceed  ;  in  consequence  of 
which,  the  foremost  waggon  struck  the  phaeton,  which,  together 
with  the  inmates  and  horse,  were  hurried  along  at  a  fearful  rate 
down  the  incline.  A  man,  who  was  in  the  waggon,  snatched  Mrs. 
Geo.  Wilkinson  from  her  perilous  situation,  and  placed  her  in 
safety  beside  himself.  Mr.  W.  soon  after  fell  from  his  seat,  and 
the  horse  became  disengaged  from  the  vehicle,  which  was  rapidly 
falling  to  pieces  from  the  violence  of  the  collision.  Mrs.  Wilkinson, 
senior,  however,  kept  her  seat,  and  gently  rolled  off  at  the  bottom 
of  the  hill  when  the  waggons  had  almost  ceased  to  move  ;  after 
having  been  impetuously  carried  along  somewhere  about  180  yards. 
The  carriage  was  broken  into  at  least  50  pieces  ;  and,  wonderful 
to  relate,  none  of  the  party  received  any  serious  injury. 

July   15. — Died,  at  Richmond,   Surrey,  in    his  58th  year,  Sir 

Matthew  White  Ridley,  of  Blagdon  and  Heaton,  in  the  county  of 

Northumberland,  bart.,  M-P.  for  Newcastle.    He  was  born  August 

8th,  1778    the  eldest  son  of   Matthew,  the  second  baronet,°by 

Sarah,  daughter  and  sole  heiress  of  Benjamin  Colburne,  of  Bath, 

esq.     He  was  educated  at  Oxford,  and  took  his  degree  of  B.A., 

ftarch  9,  1798.    He  was  first  elected  member  for  Newcastle  on  his 

father  s  retirement  at  the  general  election  of  1812.     He  sat  during 

jhtt  parliaments,  and  for  the  space  of  24  years.  At  the  two  last 
ions  he  had  to  encounter  a  poll,  but  the  result  proved  the  high 


A.D.   1836.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  (jl 

esteem  in  which  he  was  held  by  his  fellow  townsmen.  His 
principles  were  those  of  the  old  whigs ;  and  in  his  address  at  the 
last  election  he  declared  himself  a  sincere  and  practical  reformer  ; 
but  in  the  extreme  measures  which  characterised  the  later  periods 
of  his  political  career  they  inclined  to  conservatism.  Sir  Matthew 
married,  August  13,  1803,  Laura,  youngest  daughter  of  George 
Hawkins,  esq.,  by  whom  he  had  six  sons  and  six  daughters,  A 
portrait  of  Sir  Matthew,  painted  by  James  Ramsay,  esq.,  has  been 
published,  drawn  on  stone  by  W.  Taylor. 

1836  (July  19;.— The  installation  of  the  Right  Rev.  Dr.  Maltby, 
who  had  been  translated  from  the  see  of  Chichester  to  that  of 
Durham,  took  place  in  the  cathedral  of  his  diocese  ;  the  Hon. 
and  Rev.  Dr.  Wellesley  acting  as  proxy  for  the  bishop.  His 
lordship  visited  the  city  of  Durham  on  the  23rd  of  August,  when 
he  was  presented  with  an  address  by  the  corporation,  and  was 
afterwards  enthroned  with  the  usual  formalities. 

July  25. — A  vacancy  in  the  representation  of  Newcastle  in 
Parliament  having  been  occasioned  by  the  death  of  Sir  Matthew 
White  Ridley,  the  above  day  was  appointed  for  the  nomination  of 
candidates,  when  John  Hodgson,  esq.,  of  Elswick,  was  proposed 
and  seconded  by  Archibald  Reed  and  Dixon  Dixon,  esqrs. ;  and 
Captain  Blackett,  of  Wylam,  by  T.  E.  Headlam  and  John  Spedding, 
esqrs.  At  the  close  of  the  poll  on  the  27th,  the  numbers  were  for 
Mr.  Hodgson  1576,  and  for  Captain  Blackett  1528.  949  freemen 
voted  for  the  successful  candidate,  and  468  for  his  opponent. 

July  29. — Newcastle  and  its  neighbourhood  were  visited  by 
a  tremendous  storm  of  thunder,  lightning,  and  rain.  The  rain 
during  the  afternoon,  and  indeed  throughout  the  night,  was  so 
violent  and  continuous  as  to  flood  the  Tyne  and  its  tributary  streams 
to  such  a  height  as  had  not  been  equalled  for  many  years.  Many 
sheep  and  other  farming  stock  were  carried  away.  A  great 
quantity  of  hay  was  lost  from  the  lowlands ;  and  several  fields  of 
potatoes  and  turnips  completely  destroyed.  Mr.  Hall,  a  farmer  at 
Newburn,  had  a  thirty  acre  field  of  hay  entirely  lost  by  a  deposit 
of  sand  brought  down  by  the  flood. 

August  8. — The  Brandling  Junction  Railway  was  commenced 
at  the  Felling,  near  Gateshead.  The  first  turf  was  cut  in  the 
presence  of  R.  W.  Brandling,  esq.,  and  a  party  of  gentlemen,  who 
had  assembled  to  witness  the  first  effort  to  forward  this  desirable 
undertaking. 

August  10. — The  foundation-stone  of  the  bridge  across  the  Tyne 
at  By  well,  was  laid  by  T.  W.  Beaumont,  esq.  But  the  hilarity 
of  the  day  was  damped  by  an  unfortunate  accident.  Orders  had 
been  given  to  blow  up  one  of  the  piers  of  the  old  bridge,  and  while 
two  men  were  in  the  act  of  charging  a  bore  with  gunpowder,  a 
spark  caught  the  powder,  which  blew  up,  and  so  dreadfully  mangled 
one  of  the  men  that  he  died  in  a  few  minutes  ;  the  other  was 
also  frightfully  torn. 

August  11. — The  king  granted  his  royal  license  to  John 
Hodgson  of  Elswick  House,  M.P.  for  Newcastle,  in  compliance 


(^2  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1836. 

with  the  will  of  Elizabeth  Arthur  Hinde,  of  Ovingham,  in  the 
county  of  Northumberland,  to  assume  the  surname  of  Hind  in 
addition  to  that  of  Hodgson. 

1836  (August  22). — A  boy  named  George  Young,  about  7  years 
of  a°-e,  while  sitting  behind  his  trap  door,  down  one  of  the  Cowpen 
pits^a  large  stone,  several  tons  weight,  fell  upon  him  from  the 
roof  and  before  he  was  got  out  life  was  extinct. 

September  13. — A  lady  residing  in  Monkwearmouth,  had,  when 
a  child  about  four  years  of  age,  two  small  pebbles  put  into  her 
ears  by  an  elder  sister  in  play,  which  being  pressed  too  far  could 
not  be  extracted.  The  circumstance  was  attended  with  slight 
pain  and  swelling  of  the  glands,  and  one  of  the  stones,  about  seven 
years  afterwards,  was  voided  through  the  same  aperture.  Lately 
the  lady  experienced  a  slight  pain  in  the  ear,  and  t<>  her  astonish- 
ment, on  this  day  the  other  stone  appeared  within  the  cavity  of 
the  ear  and  was  with  ease  extracted  after  having  remained  in  the 
head  for  upwards  of  44  years. 

September  '25. — A  hare,  without  being  pursued,  deliberately 
ran  through  the  village  of  Burnopfteld,  and  sprang  through  a 
window  of  the  constable's  house,  who  exercised  his  authority  in 
detaining  poor  puss,  as  well  on  account  of  her  indiscretion  as  for 
the  damage. 

September  25. — The  "  Newcastle  Courant"  was  reduced  from 
7d.  to  4Jd. 

September  30. — One  of  the  most  wanton,  cold  blooded,  and 
atrocious  murders  which  perhaps  has  ever  been  recorded,  was 
perpetrated  upon  a  defenceless  man  named  Lee,  in  the  glass  house 
belonging  to  Mr.  Price,  Pipewellgate,  Gateshead.  Lee  lived  in 
Gallowgate,  Newcastle,  and  belonged  to  the  Northumberland  and 
Newcastle  Volunteer  Cavalry,  and  the  occurrence  took  place  during 
the  performance  of  the  usual  eight  days  duty  of  that  corps.  On 
the  evening  of  the  above  day  the  unfortunate  man  was  intoxi- 
cated, and  by  some  means  or  other  had  found  his  way  into  the 
glasshouse,  where  he  fell  asleep  upon  a  large  box.  Here  he  was 
found  by  three  young  men,  who  were  partially  acquainted  with 
him.  After  covering  him  with  straw,  they  procured  hot  cinders 
from  the  furnace,  and  ignited  it.  At  this  moment  Lee  awoke, 
but  almost  immediately  relapsed  into  deep  slumber.  It  would 
appear  that  the  first  attempt  to  set  fire  to  the  unconscious  man 
had  failed ;  they,  however,  seemed  bent  upon  his  destruction. 
More  straw  was  collected,  with  hot  cinders  from  the  furnace, 
and  tossed  upon  the  helpless  being.  They  then  ran  out,  but 
suddenly  returning  were  met  by  Lee  himself  enveloped  in  flames, 
and  crying  out  "  Fire."  The  poor  fellow  rushed  along  the  street, 
and  in  his  bewilderment  and  agony  rushed  back  again  to  the 
glasshouse.  By  this  time  some  of  the  neighbouring  inhabitants 
had  been  drawn  to  the  place  by  his  cries,  who  ultimately  extin- 
guished the  flames,  So  awfully  was  he  burnt  that  he  expired  in 
a  few  days,  and  was  buried  with  military  honours  in  St. 
Andrew's  churchyard.  At  the  ensuing  assizes  one  of  the  perpe- 


A.D.  1836.  |  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  63 

trators  was  sentenced  to  ten  years'  transportation,  and  the  two 
others  to  two  years'  imprisonment,  a  conclusion  that  gave  general 
dissatisfaction. 

1836  (October  6). — Messrs.  Glynn's  foundry  at  the  Ouseburn, 
Newcastle,  was  discovered  to  be  on  fire.  From  the  prompt 
assistance  rendered  by  the  fire  engines  belonging  to  Messrs. 
Crowther  and  Smith  and  the  Broad  and  Crown  Glass  Company, 
the  fire  was  got  under.  The  roof  of  the  office,  part  of  the  roof  of 
the  foundry,  and  the  joiners'  shop,  were  destroyed,  together  with 
a  large  number  of  models. 

October. — Some  time  during  this  month,  Mr.  William  Mather, 
a  respectable  builder  of  Newcastle,  came  into  the  possession  of  an 
immense  fortune,  amounting  to  between  £200,000.  and  £300,000 
sterling.  About  twenty  years  previous,  Alexander  Adams,  esq., 
who  resided  in  Northumberland-street,  Newcastle,  bequeathed 
an  immense  fortune,  amassed  in  commerce,  to  his  natural  son, 
resident  in  India.  The  fortunate  devisee  did  not  live  long  to 
enjoy  his  wealth,  but  died  at  Calcutta,  a  bachelor,  leaving  all  he 
possessed  to  his  cousin,  Mr.  Thomas  Naters,  who  was  settled  near 
New  York,  in  the  United  States  of  America.  This  last-named 
gentleman  died  some  time  this  month,  in  Switzerland,  leaving 
under  his  will  those  immense  riches  to  Mr.  Mather.  The  Swiss 
authorities,  however,  were  loth  to  part  with  the  money,  and  put  in 
an  enormous  claim  for  legacy  duty,  amounting  to  £50,000.  This 
produced  an  official  remonstrance  from  the  British  Government, 
and  it  being  shown  that  Mr.  Katers  was  not  a  naturalised  subject 
of  the  Swiss  Government,  the  authorities  moderated  their  demands, 
and  the  matter  was  ultimately  settled  by  Mr.  Mather  suffering 
himself  to  be  mulct  of  £12,000. 

October  8. — William  Sample,  esq.,  agent  to  Sir  Edward  Blackett, 
bart.,  of  Matfen,  and  his  assistants,  perambulated,  on  behalf  of 
the  lion,  bart.,  the  boundaries  of  the  ancient  and  extensive  manor 
of  Willimoteswick,  near  Haltwhistle.  Willi  motes  wick  was  the 
birthplace  of  Nicholas  Ridley,  the  celebrated  prelate  and  martyr. 

October. — During  this  month  the  great  west  window  of  St. 
Nicholas'  church,  in  Newcastle,  which  had  been  for  a  considerable 
time  in  course  of  restoration,  was  completed.  The  stone  was 
partially  renewed,  and  the  window  newly  glazed  with  stained 
glass,  the  arms  of  the  corporation,  beautifully  executed,  occupying 
the  centre,  in  compliment  to  that  body  for  the  very  liberal  manner 
in  which  they  contributed  towards  its  repair. 

October  29. — A  flock  of  wild  geese,  thirty-nine  in  number, 
passed  close  over  the  tops  of  the  houses  in  Newcastle. 

October  31. — As  Thomas  Knox,  a  pitman,  employed  at  Little 
Houghton  colliery,  Northumberland,  was  hewing,  he  accidentally 
broke  into  an  old  working,  and  the  water  immediately  rushed 
upon  him,  so  as  to  prevent  his  escape.  Knox's  son,  and  others 
who  were  near  the  shaft,  saved  themselves,  but  were  unable  to 
render  any  assistance  to  Knox,  whose  body  was  not  got  out  until 
November  30th. 


(-^  HISTORICAL    REGISTER    OF  [A,D.   1836. 

1830  (November  5>— The  body  of  John  Hutchinson,  Serjeant  in 
tl ...  Durham  militia,  was  found  in  the  river  Tees,  about  four  miles 
from  Barnard  Castle.  He  had  been  missing  two  days,  and  is 
supposed  to  have  fallen  into  the  river.  On  the  day  of  Hutchinson's 
interment  an  awfully  sudden  death  occurred  in  Barnard  Castle. 
A  youn"  man  named  Carnell  sent  a  boy  to  meet  the  funeral 
procession,  and  requested  him  to  run  forward  and  tell  him  when 
it  reached  the  town.  Before  the  boy  returned,  however,  Carnell 
himself  was  a  corpse. 

;\o>'(nnfar  6. The  chapel  at  Horton,  near  South  Shields,  was 

opened  for  divine  service,  by  the  Rev.  William  Coward, 
incumbent  of  Westoe  chapel.  The  building  was  erected  entirely 
by  subscription,  and  stands  in  a  central  situation  between  the 
parishes  of  Jarrow  and  Whitburn. 

November  9. — The  following  gentlemen  were  elected  mayors 
and  sheriffs  for  1836-7  :— Newcastle— Joseph  Lamb,  esq.,  mayor  ; 
Anthony  Nichol,  esq.,  sheriff.  Gateshead — Michael  Hall,  esq., 
mayor.  Sunderland— Andrew  White,  esq.,  mayor.  Durham — T. 
Green  well,  esq.,  mayor.  Stockton — Christopher  Lodge,  esq., 
mayor.  Morpeih — Bobert  Biakey.  esq.,  mayor.  Berwick — John 
Miller  Dickson,  esq.,  mayor;  William  Riddell,  esq.,  sheriff. 

November  9. — The  following  were  elected  councillors  for  the 
borough  of  Newcastle :— St  Nicholas1  Ward — Mr.  J.  Nichol, 
confectioner,  152;  Mr.  William  Gray,  clothier,  152.  All  Saints' 
West  Ward — Mr.  J.  Carr,  colourman,  133;  Mr.  Alexander 
Reed,  china  merchant,  115.  All  Saints  Fast  Ward — Mr.  J. 
Ridley,  jun.,  broker,  180;  Mr.  R.  Rayne,  iron  merchant,  164. 
St.  Johns  Ward— Mr.  William  Storey,  butcher,  206  ;  Mr.  George 
Bargate,  Tanner,  161.  St.  Andrews  North  Ward — Mr.  J. 
Archbold,  slater,  204  ;  Mr.  T.  Dunn,  168.  St.  Andrews  South 
Ward — Mr.  A.  Nichol,  broker,  94;  Mr.  J.  Anderson,  banker,  75. 
W<-.<t(i<.itt  \Vind — Mr.  Isaac  Aytoun,  corn  merchant,  109,  Jesmond 
]j>/;Y/_Mr.  William  Armstrong,  merchant,  96. 

November  10. — Died,  in  East-street,  South  Shields,  aged  71, 
Mr.  John  Winter.  He  was  supposed  to  be  the  last  survivor  of 
the  crew  who  sailed  wiih  Governor  Philips  to  Botany  Bay,  iri 
1 789,  when  he  was  second  officer  in  the  boat  which  discovered 
Port  Jackson,  and  was  the  first  European  who  landed  at  Sydney 
Cove. 

November  10. — The  lord  bishop  of  Durham  visited  Newcastle, 
for  the  purpose  of  presiding  at  a  meeting  of  the  Natural  History 
Society.  On  his  arrival  in  the  great  room  of  the  Literary  and 
Philosophical  Society,  an  address  from  the  corporation  was 
presented  to  his  lordship  by  the  mayor  (J.  Lamb,  esq.),  congratu- 
lating him  on  his  elevation  to  the  see  of  Durham. 

Xoceiiiber  11. — This  day  the  bishop  visited  the  Infirmary.  His 
lordship  was  received  in  the  Governors'-hall  by  all  the  medical 
officers,  the  Rev.  the  Vicar,  the  Rev,  J.  Collinson,  the  Rev. 
William  Turner,  Mr.  Potter,  Mr.  Brumell,  and  Mr.  P.  G.  Ellison, 
members  of  the  house  committee.  After  having  inspected  the 


A.D.  1836.] 


REMARKABLE    EVENTS. 


65 


hospital,  his  lordship  was  pleased  to  express  his  warm  approbation 
of  the  manner  in  which  it  was  conducted.  On  the  13th  November 
the  annual  sermon  for  the  benefit  of  the  'Infirmary  was  preached 
at  St.  Nicholas'  church,  by  the.  bishop,  to  one  of  the  most  numerous 
congregations  ever  seen  at  that  church,  when  his  lordship  delivered 
a  most  impressive  and  highly  talented  discourse.  The  collection 
amounted  to  £79.  7s.,  being  a  much  larger  sum  than  was  ever 
collected  on  any  similar  occasion. 

1836  (November  11). — The  following  gentlemen  were  elected 
councillors  for  the  borough  of  Newcastle,  to  supply  extraordinary 
vacancies  caused  by  some  being  elected  aldermen,  disqualifications, 
and  death:— St.  Nicholas'  Ward— Mr.  W.  A.  Mitchell,  175; 
Mr.  Thomas  Eltriugham,  165.  St.  Andrew's  North  Ward — Mr. 
T.  W.  Keenlyside,  175.  St.  Andrews'  South  Ward— Mr.  T.  M. 
Greenhow,  125  ;  Mr.  F.  Sanderson,  97. — St.  Johns'  Ward — Mr. 
Matthew  Plues,  208;  Mr.  H.  A.  Mitchell,  163.  All  Saints1 
West  Ward— Mr.  J.  T.  Carr,  137.  All  Saints  East  Ward-Mr. 
Charles  Rayne,  96.  Jesmond  Ward — Mr.  W.  Richardson,  91. 

November  16. — It  was  announced  by  advertisement  that  the 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne  General  Cemetery  was  ready  for  interments, 
and  that  a  considerable  number  of  catacombs  under  the  chapel, 
and  of  vaults  in  both  the  consecrated  and  unconsecrated  portions 
of  the  cemetery,  were  prepared  for  sale.  A  company  was  formed 
in  January,  1834,  to  raise  the  suni  of  £6,900  by  345  shares  of 
£20  each,  90  of  which  shares  were  taken  by  the  corporation  as 
the  price  of  the  land,  which  consists  of  1 5  acres,  situate  at  a  short 
distance  beyond  Carlton-terrace,  between  the  New  Road  and 
Benton  Lane.  From  the  road  there  is  a  massive  archway  entrance 
betwixt  the  towers  of  two  convenient  chapels,  built  of  beautifully 
veined  freestone,  after  a  chaste  design  by  J.  Dobson,  esq.,  forming 
a  very  ornamental  structure  at  this  approach  to  the  town.  The 
cemetery  is  laid  out  and  planted  with  great  taste,  and  enclosed 
with  a  lofty  wall.  The  first  interment  in  this  cemetery  was  that 
of  Margaret  Redford,  daughter  of  Mr.  George  Hoy,  formerly  a 
grocer  in  Newcastle. 


GATEWAY  OF  JESMOND  CEMETERY. 
K 


gg  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [>,D.  1836. 

1836  (November  16).— The  Rev.  J.  Frognall  Dibdin,  was  enter- 
tained on  his  return  from  Scotland  by  several  bibliographical 
friends  at  a  dinner,  in  the  room  of  the  Antiquarian  Society  of  New- 
castle, John  Clayton,  esq  ,  in  the  chair.  Their  distinguished  guest 
enlivened  the  company  with  his  anecdotes  and  humorous  sallies, 
and  it  is  seldom  that  a  more  happy  and  joyous  party  ever  met, 
and  all  departed  much  pleased  with  their  guest  and  their 
entertainment. 

November  19. — A  number  of  fishermen  ot  Hartlepool  were 
placed  in  imminent  danger,  in  consequence  of  a  boisterous  wind 
having  suddenly  arisen  while  they  were  engaged  in  their  perilous 
employment.  Twenty-six  boats  were  at  sea,  each  containing 
three  men,  and  there  seemed  at  one  time  little  chance  of  any 
of  them  escaping  destruction.  The  life  boat  was  launched  and 
manned  by  a  gallant  crew,  proceeded  to  their  assistance.  One 
boat  was  swamped,  and  her  crew,  consisting  of  three  brothers 
named  Davidson,  were  observed  from  the  shore  struggling  in  the 
sea  and  clinging  to  their  vessel.  During  this  affecting  scene  the 
shrieks  of  the  women,  the  cries  of  the  children,  and  the  mental 
agony  of  old  Davidson,  the  father  of  the  above  named  young 
men,  and  who  had  before  lost  two  sons  at  sea,  were  most 
appalling.  They  were,  however,  happily  picked  up  by  some  of 
the  other  fishermen,  and  landed  in  safety.  The  remainder  of  the 
fishing  cobles  also  reached  the'  shore  under  convoy  of  the  life  boat 
without  having  lost  a  man. 

November  23. — A  meeting  was  convened  in  the  Town  Chamber, 
Gateshead,  Alderman  Pollock  in  the  chair,  when  it  was  resolved 
to  establish  a  mechanics'  institute  for  the  borough.  The  meeting, 
which  was  numerous  and  respectable,  was  addressed  by  Messrs. 
Rowntree,  Brockett,  William  L.  Harle,  and  others.  Upwards 
of  seventy  individuals  were  immediately  enrolled  as  members,  and 
several  valuable  contributions  in  the  shape  of  books,  &c.,  and  cash 
to  a  considerable  amount. 

November  24. — Married,  in  London,  John  Errington,  esq.,. of 
High  Warden,  Northumberland,  to  Anne,  daughter  of  V.  Eyre, 
esq.,  of  London. 

November  20. — The  "  Newcastle  Standard,"  a  newspaper, 
edited  by  Mr.  Charles  Larkin,  was  published,  but  was  discon- 
tinued April  the  15th,  1837. 

November. — This  month,  a  singular  discovery  of  a  seam  of 
coal  was  made  in  Berwick.  While  some  alterations  were  being 
made  in  the  yard  behind  Mr.  Ralph  Smith's  house,  in  Bridge- 
street,  the  workmen  dug  up  a  quantity  of  coal,  curiosity  dictated 
a  further  search,  and  at  the  depth  of  about  six  feet  from  the 
surface  they  came  upon  a  seam  of  coal,  3  feet  1  inch  in  thickness. 
The  quality  was  put  to  the  test,  and  pronounced  to  be  excellent, 

December. — This  month,  as  a  family  of  the  name  of  Fawcus  were 
removing  from  a  village  near  Darlington,  they  observed  a 
redbreast  following  them.  On  more  closely  noticing  it,  it  was 
recognised  as  a  bird  which  they  had  fed  before  they  left  the 


A.D.  1836.]  EEMARKABLE   EVENTS.  67 

village.  It  continued  its  flight  until  it  arrived  at  their  place  of 
destination,  a  distance  of  about  18  miles,  and  finally  found  its 
way  into  the  house  which  the  family  were  about  to  occupy. 

1836  (December  1). — A  meeting  of  the  inhabitants  of  Sunderland 
was  held  at  the  Exchange  Buildings  in  that  town,  the  Hon.  and 
Rev.  G.  V.  Wellesley  in  the  chair,  for  the  purpose  of  promoting  the 
erection  of  a  memorial  in  honour  of  Rowland  Burdon,  esq.,  as  the 
founder  of  the  celebrated  iron  bridge  at  Sunderland.  Resolutions 
were  passed  and  a  special  committee  appointed  for  the  purpose  of 
carrying  them  into  effect. 

December  2. — The  inhabitants  of  Darlington  were  alarmed  by  a 
special  messenger  from  Sadberge,  about  five  miles  distant  from 
that  town,  announcing  that  the  house  of  Mr.  Christopher  Rich- 
mond, of  Sadberge,  tanner,  was  on  fire.  When  the  firemen 
arrived  an  awful  spectacle  presented  itself,  the  fire  having  made 
devastating  progress.  The  flames  continued  to  rage  with  great  fury 
till  about  three  o'clock  in  the  morning,  when  they  were  subdued. 
The  whole  of  the  furniture,  documents,  &c.,  were  destroyed. 
The  family  escaped  with  some  difficulty. 

December  5. — During  a  violent  gale  of  wind  a  woman  residing 
in  Saltwellside,  near  Gateshead,  was  unfortunately  killed  by  the 
fall  of  a  chimney.  The  Joint  Stock  Banking  Company's  premises 
in  the  Royal  Arcade,  Newcastle,  suffered  in  the  glass  domes  by 
chimneys  falling  in.  Part  of  a  high  wall  in  Percy-street  was 
blown  down,  and  the  river  for  several  hours  was  completely 
impassable.  Several  persons  were  thrown  down  in  the  streets  and 
received  serious  injuries.  A  scullerman  at  Shields  was  driven 
out  to  sea  and  lost. 

December* — Early  in  this  month,  a  mural  monument  was 
erected  in  St.  Nicholas'  church,  Newcastle,  by  order  of  Lord 
Eldon,  in  memory  of  his  father,  the  late  William  Scott.  The 
monument  was  designed  and  executed  by  Mr.  Elger,  sculptor, 
Park-lane,  London.  It  is  studiously  plain  but  very  neat,  being 
surmounted  with  a  beautifully  executed  vase,  partially  covered 
with  drapery,  and  on  the  tablet  is  the  following  inscription  : — •"  In 
Memory  of  "Mr.  William  Scott,  Freeman  and  Hoastman  of  this 
town,  who  was  buried  in  All  Saints'  churchj  November,  1776. 
He  left  to  his  family  a  rich  inheritance  in  the  example  of  a  life  of 
industry  unremitting,  of  probity  unsullied,  and  of  piety  most  pure 
and  sincere.  This  tablet  is  placed  here  by  one  of  his  affectionate 
sons." 

December  14. — The  Gateshead  Poor-law  Union  was  formed. 
The  union  comprises  the  parishes  and  townships  of  Gateshead, 
Heworth,  Winlaton,  Whickham,  Ryton,  Woodside,  Crawcrook, 
Stella,  and  Chopwell. 

December  16. — A  letter  from  America  was  received  at 
Houghton-le-Spring  directed  <'  Easington  Lane,  Hetton,  Durham 
England,"  but  without  any  name,  and  it  happened  that  when  the 
letter  carrier  was  going  his  round,  a  woman  named  Margaret 
Crawford  came  to  him  and  asked  him  if  he  had  any  letters  from 
America,  and  it  oddly  enough  proved  to  be  from  her  son. 


gg  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1836. 

1836  (December  17).— Died,  at  Haltwhistle, Northumberland,  aged 
82  years,  Elizabeth  Cuthbertson,  a  maiden  lady.  The  deceased 
sprung  from  a  very  ancient  family  in  Northumberland,  was  lady  of 
an  extensive  manor  about  Haltwhistle,  and  possessed  property 
worth  £2,000  per  annum.  She  was  well  educated,  and  brought 
up  in  every  respect  as  a  lady  of  good  fortune  ought  to  be.  On 
the  death  of  her  only  brother  and  sister,  Miss  Cuthbertson  became 
exceedingly  strange  in  her  manners,  and  eccentric  in  her  conduct. 
She  chose  for  her  abode  the  second  storey  of  a  miserable  house  in 
Haltwhistle,  the  door  of  which  was  nearly  constantly  locked,  and 
many  of  the  windows  bricked  up  to  keep  out  the  gaze  of  inquisitive 
people.  Towards  her  tenants  she  behaved  in  a  very  peculiar 
manner,  it  was  said  that  some  had  not  paid  any  rent  for  a  great 
number  of  years,  and  others  had  paid  a  portion  of  the  rent  due, 
and  both  these  descriptions  of  tenants  she  allowed  to  live  upon 
their  respective  tenures,  because  they  owed  her  money,  but  those 
who  paid  the  whole  of  their  rents  she  immediately  discharged. 
During  the  last  few  years  of  her  life  she  declined  transacting  any 
business  in  the  most  positive  manner,  and  no  inducements  or 
persuasions  could  prevail  upon  her  to  abandon  her  system  of  non- 
interference with  the  world. 

December  17. — The  friends  of  Addison  Langhorne  Potter,  esq., 
gave  him  a  dinner  at  the  Queen's  Head,  Pilgrim-street,  Newcastle, 
as  a  compliment  "  for  his  active  and  valuable  services  in  promoting 
on  all  occasions,  to  the  utmost  of  his  power,  the  Liberal  interests 
of  Newcastle."  165  gentlemen  sat  down  to  dinner.  The  chair 
was  occupied  by  John  Fife,  esq.,  assisted  by  Emmerson  Charnley, 
George  Straker,  and  James  Losh,  esqrs.,  as  vice-chairmen. 

December  23. — A  sharp  frost  set  in,  with  a  heavy  fall  of 
snow,  and  continued  throughout  that  and  the  two  following  days 
with  increasing  severity,  by  which  time  a  prodigious  quantity  had 
accumulated,  exceeding,  indeed,  anything  seen  in  the  district  since 
1823.  There  being  a  high  wind  from  the  north-east,  the  snow  . 
drifted  very  much,  consequently  the  roads  to  the  north  and  south 
of  Newcastle  soon  became  impassable.  The  greatest  obstructions 
in  the  north  were  between  Felton  and  Alnwick,  and  from  Bucton 
Burn  to  Berwick.  The  coaches  which  set  out  for  the  north  on 
the  26th  were  all  stopped,  the  Highflyer  at  Weldon-bridge,  and 
the  Chevy  Chase  near  Ponteland.  A  passenger  in  the  Chevy 
Chase  furnished  particulars  of  the  journey,  which  reflect  great 
credit  on  the  activity  and  perseverance  of  the  guard,  John  Barren, 
and  the  coachman,  Jonathan  Bowron.  The  coach  left  Newcastle 
at  eight  o'clock  on  Monday  morning,  and  reached  Edinburgh  at 
ten  o'clock  on  Thursday  night.  The  snow  in  some  parts  of 
their  route  was  twelve  feet  high,  and  it  required  three  days  to 
perform  three  stages.  Notwithstanding  these  obstructions  the 
guard  and  coachman  persevered,  and  sometimes  with  four,  some- 
times with  six  horses,  by  diverging  occasionally  into  fields,  and 
carrying  the  coach  frequently  over  hedges  and  ditches,  they 
contrived  to  reach  their  goal  in  the  time  mentioned.  From  the 


MANSION"  HOUSE  ,  CLOSE  .NEWCASTLE, 

HOW  OCCUPIED  BY  MESS^  CARR&  C°.A5  SAW  Ml 


ASSEMBLY  ROOMS ,  WES 


A.D.  1837.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  69 

storm  on  land  only  one  loss  of  life  was  recorded — that  of  a  poor 
man  who  was  found  dead  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Stokesly.  The 
list  of  casualties  on  the  coasts  of  Northumberland  and  Durham 
included  the  loss  of  many  valuable  lives  and  much  property. 

1836  (December). — This  year  Lady  Ravensworth  caused  to  be 
erected  at  her  own  expense,  at  Lamesley,  a  neat,  substantial,  and 
commodious  alrnshouse,  containing  eight  apartments  for  the  recep- 
tion  of  poor  and  aged  females.  Her  ladyship  also  endowed  the 
erection  with  the  sum  of  £50  per  annum. 

December* — The  quantity  of  coals  shipped  from  the  Tyne  in  the 
year  1836,  London  and  coastwise  alone,  amounted  to  754,961 
Newcastle  chaldrons.  Of  the  land  and  water  sale  of  coals  on  the 
Tyne  no  public  entry  is  made,  but  it  has  been  ascertained  that  it 
approximates  200,000  Newcastle  chaldrons  annually.  The  over- 
sea sale  is  not  here  taken  into  account ;  so  that  the  Tyne  vend  of 
coals  for  the  year  may  be  safely  put  down  at  770,000  Newcastle 
chaldrons  of  53  cwt.  each,  or  two  millions  forty  thousand  five 
hundred  tons.  Reduced  to  tons,  the  vend  of  the  Wear  for  the 
same  period  is  one  million  fifty-five  thousand  four  hundred  and 
thirteen,  being  rather  more  than  half  the  enormous  vend  of  the 
Tyne. 

1837  (January*!). — A  human  skeleton  was  found  about  eighteen 
inches    below  the  surface  of  the  north-east  side  of  Sunderland 
moor,  and  from  its  appearance  there  could  be  little  doubt  but 
that  it  had  been  placed  there  after  a  violent  death. 

January  3, — A  swan  was  shot  upon  the  river  at  Blyth, 
weighing  22  Ibs.,  by  Mr.  John  Hutton  and  Mr.  James  Tate,  who 
fired  together. 

January  3. — The  sale  of  the  mansion-house  furniture,  pictures, 
plate,  &c.,  commenced  this  day,  pursuant  to  the  decision  of  the 
corporate  body  on  the  7th  December,  1836.  The  proceeding 
met  the  approbation  of  some  but  was  highly  disapproved  of  by 
the  mass,  who  very  justly  regarded  the  disposal  of  property  left  in 
trust  for  the  use  of  the  corporation  for  ever  as  an  act  indefensible, 
and  the  more  so  when  it  is  remembered  that  the  ultimate  decision 
was  arrived  at  by  the  trifling  majority  of  four.  The  sale  was  but 
poorly  attended,  and  realised  only  about  £2,000. 

January. — At  a  meeting  of  the  town  council  of  the  borough  of 
Gateshead,  Mr.  Price  stated  that  a  large  number  of  lodging-houses 
in  that  town  were  filled  by  disreputable  characters,  driven  from 
Newcastle  by  the  vigilance  of  the  police.  Mr.  Rowntree  suggested 
that  it  would  be  better  to  say  nothing  about  the  matter,  as  it  would 
serve  as  an  invitation  to  such  persons  to  seek  lodgings  there  in 
greater  numbers.  Mr.  Brockett  replied  that,  having  heard  of  as 
many  as  seventeen  being  found  in  one  bed,  it  seemed  as  if  the 
lodgings  were  already  full. 

January  7. — This  day,  the  winning  of  the  new  colliery  at 
Woodhouse  Close,  near  Bishop  Auckland,  the  property  of  Messrs. 
Flintoff,  was  successfully  accomplished.  The  main  coal  seam  was 
found  in  great  perfection  at  a  depth  of  seventy-four  fathoms. 


70  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OP  |>.D.  1837. 

1837  (January  10).— In  consequence  of  a  very  rapid  thaw, 
accompanied  vyith  rain,  the  river  Tyne  became  alarmingly  swollen. 
At  Scotswood  it  burst  into  two  rows  of  houses,  fourteen  m 
number,  and  speedily  rose  to  a  height  of  five  feet.  The  Wear 
was  also  extremely  high,  but  beyond  the  partial  submersion  of 
many  houses  on  the  banks  of  both  streams,  the  damage  done  was 
but  trifling. 

January  12. — An  alarming  fire  broke  out  this  morning  in  the 
patent  rope  manufactory  of  R.  Webster,  esq.,  at  Deptford,  near 
Sunderland.  The  alarm  was  given  by  a  young  woman,  and  five 
engines  were  soon  brought  to  the  spot ;  but  in  consequence  of  the 
dense  smoke  and  the  excessive  heat,  it  was  some  time  before  they 
could  be  put  into  operation.  As  soon  as  it  was  practicable  the 
engines  were  put  to  work  ;  but,  notwithstanding  every  effort,  the 
whole  of  the  extensive  manufactory,  with  its  machinery,  &c.,  was 
burned  to  the  ground.  The  loss  was  estimated  at  £60,000.,  about 
two-thirds  of  which  was  insured. 

January  12. — The  body  of  Mr.  William  Lawton,  woollen 
manufacturer,  Netherwitton,  was  found  drowned  on  Morpeth 
High  Stanners,  a  little  above  the  chain  bridge.  It  was  supposed 
the  deceased  had  been  washed  from  his  horse,  on  which  he  was 
returning  from  Rothbury,  the  river  being  very  high  at  the  time. 

January  13. — This  being  the  day  appointed  for  laying  the 
foundations  of  the  two  great  bridges  over  the  Ouseburn  and 
Willington  Dean,  on  the  line  of  the  Newcastle  and  North  Shields 
Railway,  John  Hodgson  Hinde,  esq.,  M.P.,  vice-chairman, 
proceeded  to  Willington  Dean,  where  he  was  met,  at  twelve  o'clock, 
by  a  number  of  directors  and  shareholders,  the  engineer,  architect, 
&c.  The  preliminary  arrangements  having  been  made,  Mr. 
Hodgson  Hinde  shortly  addressed  those  present,  informing  them, 
that  he  attended  there  that  day  as  the  deputy  of  Matthew  Bell, 
esq.,  M.P.,  the  chairman  of  the  company,  by  whom  it  had  been 
arranged  that  the  foundation  of  that  stupendous  structure  should 
have  been  laid,  but  who,  he  was  sorry  to  say,  was  prevented  by 
severe  indisposition  from  attending.  He  then  read  the  inscription 
on  the  brass  plate  to  be  deposited  in  the  foundation.  The  inscrip- 
tion stated  that  the  foundation-stone  of  that  bridge  was  laid  on  the 
13th  of  January,  1837,  by  M.  Bell,  esq.,  M.P.,  and  enumerated 
the  names  of  the  chairman,  vice-chairman,  and  directors,  of  Mr. 
Green,  the  architect  of  the  bridge,  Mr.  Nicholson,  engineer  to  the 
railroad,  Mr.  John  Straker,  consulting  engineer,  and  Mr.  W.  Swan, 
clerk.  The  plate,  together  with  several  coins  of  the  present  reign, 
was  then  placed  between  glass  plates,  and  plaster  being  poured 
upon  them,  Mr.  Hinde  spread  it  around  with  a  silver  trowel.  The 
stone  was  then  placed  on  its  bed,  and  the  usual  ceremonies  being 
gone  through,  nine  hearty  cheers  were  then  given,  and  the  pro- 
ceedings terminated.  The  bridges  are  of  great  extent  and  of 
peculiar  construction,  the  arches  being  formed  of  laminated  timber. 
That  over  Willington  Dean  is  1,050  feet  long,  and  76  feet  high  in 
the  centre,  and  consists  of  seven  segmental  timber  arches,  each 


A.D.  1837.J  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  71 

120  feet  span,  supporting  a  wooden  platform,  with  stone  piers  and 
abutments.  The  Ouseburn  bridge  is  800  feet  long  and  138  feet 
high,  and  has  five  similar  arches  of  116  feet  span.  The  erections 
were  finished  in  May,  1839,  and  had  a  very  light  and  beautiful 
appearance. 

~L837(Ja?iua?*y'21). — Died,  at  Leazes- crescent,  aged  56,  Mr.  John 
Sykes,  editor  of  the  "Local  Records"  and  several  interesting 
tracts  on  subjects  connected  with  the  history  of  the  district  or 
illustrative  of  local  events  and  character.  For  some  time  previous 
to  his  death  Mr.  Sykes  was  engaged  in  the  compilation  of  a  third 
volume  of  the  "  Local  Records,"  and  he  had  also  prepared  for  the 
press  a  history  of  the  printing  business  in  Newcastle,  interspersed 
with  curious  notices  of  the  early  printers  and  copies  of  the  title 
pages  of  several  scarce  works. 

January  23. — Died,  at  Denick,  near  Alnwick,  aged  98,  Mr. 
John  Thew,  farmer,  the  oldest  freeman  of  the  borough  of 
Alnwick,  and  the  last  male  descendant  of  a  family  which  had  held 
land  under  the  house  of  Percy  for  upwards  of  four  hundred  years. 
Few  have  descended  to  the  tomb  who  have  held  a  higher  character 
than  this  respected  individual. 

January  31. — Two  pitmen  belonging  to  Thornley  colliery, 
Durham,  named  Storey  and  Surtees,  engaged  to  hew  coals  against 
each  other  for  five  guineas  aside.  The  wager  was  won  by  Storev, 
who  hewed  33^  tubs,  20  pecks  eack,  and  Surtees  30  tubs,  the 
former  being  10  tons  1  cwt.,  and  the  latter  9  tons.  The  amount 
of  Storey's  earnings  would  be  Us.  2d.  and  that  of  Surtees  105. 
The  time  of  working  was  eight  hours,  and  from  the  extreme 
hardness  of  the  seam  the  performance  of  each  may  be  considered 
unprecedented. 

January. — At  this  period  there  were  residing  at  Shincliffe, 
near  Durham,  under  one  roof,  five  generations,  viz.,  Margaret 
Wilson,  98  years  old  ;  Ann  Emmerson,  74,  her  daughter;  Margaret 
Douglas,  43,  granddaughter;  Ann  Leroy,  20,  great  granddaughter ; 
Sarah  Jane  Leroy,  great  great  granddaughter,  four  months  old. 

February  3. — Died,  at  Morpeth,  the  Rev,  Edward  Otter,  brother 
of  the  bishop  of  Chichester,  rector  of  Bothal,  and  prebendary  of 
York. 

February  4. — The  Vesta  steamer,  belonging  to  "the  Newcastle 
Steam  Navigation  Company,"  was  launched  from  Messrs.  Hopper's 
shipbuilding-yard,  North  Shore,  Newcastle,  amid  an  immense 
multitude  of  spectators.  It  presented  a  beautiful  spectacle.  The 
vessel  went  into  the  river  with  such  ease,  so  slowly  and  majestically, 
that  the  people  on  board  were  scarcely  conscious  of  her  motion. 

February. — The  manufacture  of  the  largest  rope  on  record,  in 
one  unspliced  piece,  was  finished  at  the  patent  rope-works  of  Mr. 
J.  Grimshaw,  of  Sunderland.  It  was  upwards  of  4000  yards  in 
length,  seven  inches  in  circumference,  and  twelve  tons  weight,  and 
cost  about  £400.  It  was  for  the  use  of  the  London  and  Birmingham 
Railway. 

February  6. — As  John  Harris,  esq.,  the  engineer  to  the  Stockton 


72 


HISTORICAL    REGISTER    OF 


[A.D.  1837. 

and  Darlington  railway,  was  passing  over  the  bridge  which 
crosses  the  river  Tees  at  Stockton,  a  furious  beast  driving  to  a 
slaughter-house  came  suddenly  on  to  the  bridge,  and  made  an 
attack  upon  him.  There  seemed  for  the  moment  no  way  of  escape 
for  the  unfortunate  gentleman,  but  happily  he  had  the  presence  of 
mind  to  throw  himself  over  the  parapet  of  the  bridge,  sustaining 
himself  in  this  painful  position  by  his  hands  until  the  beast, 
defeated  in  his  attack,  passed  on. 

1837  (February  20). — The  new  Theatre  Royal,  Newcastle,  was 
opened  for  the  first  time  by  Mr.  Montague  Penley,  with  the 
"  Merchant  of  Venice,"  and  "  The  Young  Widow,"  and  was 
attended  by  a  very  crowded  audience,  the  principal  parts  being 
taken  by  Messrs.  R.  Younge,  Lacey,  Leslie,  Corrie,  and  Miss  R. 
Penley.  An  opening  address,  written  by  Thomas  Doubleday, 
esq.,  was  delivered  by  Mr.  Griffiths. 

March  1. — That  portion  of  the  Newcastle  and  Carlisle 
railway,  about  3|  miles  in  length,  extending  from  Blaydon  to 
Redheugh,  was  opened  by  a  procession  and  much  rejoicing. 

March  6. — The  magistrates  of  Newcastle  changed  their  place 
of  business  from  the  Mayors'  Chamber,  Guildhall,  to  the  police 
office  in  the  Manors. 


POLICE  STATION,  MANORS,  AND  FREEMEN'S   HOSPITAL. 


A.D.    1837.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  73 

1837  (March  6) — About  three  o'clock  in  the  afternoon  a  fire  broke 
out  on  the  premises  of  Mr.  Charlton,  timber  merchant,  Stock- 
bridge,  Newcastle.  The  police  immediately  repaired  to  the  spot, 
and  through  their  exertions  the  fire  was  speedily  extinguished. 

March  24. — As  a  hackney  coach  belonging  to  Thomas  Spires 
was  proceeding  by  Mosley-street  to  the  Quayside,  Newcastle, 
on  arriving  opposite  the  Newcastle  bank  the  horses  slipped  and 
fell.  Assistance  being  at  hand  they  were  soon  released  from  the 
harness  arid  got  up.  The  streets  being  exceedingly  slippery  the 
driver  thought  it  unsafe  to  put  the  horses  to  the  carriage  again, 
and  proposed  to  his  passenger  to  send  the  animals  forward  while 
he  and  an  assistant  would  guide  the  carriage  down  Dean-street. 
The  gentleman  having  remained  in  the  coach  all  the  time,  and 
assenting  to  the  coachman's  proposal,  away  the  carriage  proceeded 
down  Mosley-street,  the  driver  leading  by  the  pole  of  the  coach 
and  the  assistant  holding  on  behind  for  the  purpose  of  regulating 
the  speed  of  the  vehicle.  On  reaching  the  middle  of  Dean-street 
the  coachman  fell,  and  luckily  the  carriage  passed  over  him  within 
the  wheels,  and  the  assistant  also  having  let  go  his  hold,  the  car- 
riage rushed  down  the  remainder  of  the  street  with  inconceivable 
velocity  to  the  dismay  and  astonishment  of  the  sp  ectators.  At  last  it 
came  in  contact  with  the  shop  of  Mr.  Joshua  Alder,  cheesemonger, 
with  a  tremendous  crash,  breaking  the  whole  window  frame  and 
sixteen  panes  of  glass.  Mr.  Alder,  who  was  sitting  in  his  office 
at  the  time,  and  who  was  wounded  in  the  face  by  the  broken  glass, 
had  a  narrow  escape,  the  coach  pole  coming  through  the  window 
within  half  a  foot  of  his  head.  Mr.  Fairless  was  the  gentleman 
inside  the  coach,  but  he  received  no  injury. 

March  29. — A  boy  about  three  years  of  age,  son  of  Mr.  G. 
Taylor,  Hartley  Mill,  was  sent  on  an  errand,  and  having  to  pass 
along  the  drawbridge  over  the  cut  at  Seaton  Sluice  Harbour,  in 
consequence  of  the  darkness  of  the  night  he  did  not  observe  the 
bridge  to  be  off,  and  walked  over  and  fell  not  less  than  45  feet. 
In  his  fall  he  came  in  contact  with  some  part  of  a  ship,  by  which 
he  severely  injured  his  right  arm,  and  afterwards  rebounded  and 
fell  into  the  water,  in  which  he  continued  not  less  than  twenty 
minutes  before  he  could  be  extricated. 

April  3. — Died,  at  Byker  Bar,  near  Newcastle,  aged  71  years, 
"  Jackey"  Johnson,  well  known  in  the  neighbourhood  as  a  professor 
of  the  occult  sciences.  He  was  struck  dumb  a  few  days  before 
he  died,  with  the  cards  in  his  hands,  while  in  the  act  of  divina- 
tion, and  never  spoke  afterwards.  Not  being  allowed  by  the 
authorities  of  the  borough  to  exercise  his  mysterious  calling  within 
its  precincts,  he  sought  and  found  an  asylum  in  the  outskirts  of 
the  town,  where  his  influence  amongst  a  certain  class  was  so 
astonishing  that  in  cases  of  theft  the  mere  visit  of  the  owner  to 
"  Jackey, ''  in  many  instances,  caused  the  restoration  of  the  property. 
His  death  was  a  severe  loss  to  the  votaries  of  Hymen,  who  were 
the  most  frequent  consulters  of  his  book  of  fate,  whose  oracular 
responses  always  promised  matrimonial  happiness,  and  were  often 

L 


74  HISTORICAL    REGISTER  OP  [A.D.  1837 

their  only  source  of  hope  to  cheer  the  prospect  of  their  future 
destinies. 

1837  (April  9).— About  noon  a  fire  broke  out  m  the  Morpeth 
Steam  Mill,  occupied  by  Mr.  William  Scott,  and  the  flames  being 
assisted  by  a  strong  wind,  the  whole  of  the  building  was  destroyed 
before  it  was  got  under.  The  mill  was  insured,  but  Mr.  Scott 
sustained  a  serious  loss. 

April  14. — A  poor  widow,  residing  at  Holywell  colliery, 
Northumberland,  bought  a  small  fish  of  a  hawker  for  a  penny,  and 
on  opening  it  found  half-a-sovereign  in  its  stomach. 

April  18. — The  rope  of  the  shaft  at  Monkwearmouth  colliery, 
264  fathoms  in  length,  suddenly  broke  near  the  top,  and  fell  upon 
five  boys  at  the  bottom,  killing  three  of  them  upon  the  spot.  The 
names  of  the  sufferers  were  Robert  Gray,  aged  15 ;  Francis 
Burrell,  12  ;  and  George  Gilroy,  10  years. 

April  21. — Died,  at  the  Vicarage-house,  New  Brentford,  aged 
66,  the  Rev.  Sir  Robert  Peat,  D.D.  The  deceased  was  a  native 
of  the  county  of  Durham,  and  a  knight  of  the  Order  of  St. 
Stanislaus,  having  had  this  distinction  conferred  upon  him  by  the 
last  King  of  Poland,  for  eminent  services  rendered  to  that  monarch 
by  a  near  relative.  The  deceased  knight  was  also  prior  of  the 
Sovereign  Order  of  St.  John  of  Jerusalem,  and  chaplain  to  the  Orange 
Lodge  of  England,  and  being  an  intimate  friend  of  King  George  the 
IV.,  the  living  of  Brentford  was  conferred  upon  him  through  the 
solicitation  of  his  majesty.  Sir  Robert  married  the  well-known 
Miss  Smith,  a  lady  of  exceedingly  eccentric  character,  but  from  a 
remarkable  dissimilarity  of  dispositions  they  had  not  resided 
together  for  a  long  time.  Sir  Robert  was  highly  distinguished  for 
his  accomplished  manners  and  gentlemanly  bearing,  was  an 
excellent  scholar,  and  a  warm  and  devoted  friend. 

April  22. — The  five-quarter  seam  was  sunk  through  at 
Crowtrees  colliery,  laying  open  about  1,600  acres  of  the  West 
Hetton  coal-field,  belonging  to  Messrs.  William  Hedley  and  Sons. 
The  seam  was  in  great  perfection. 

April  25. — A  melancholy  accident,  by  which  five  workmen 
were  instantly  crushed  to  death,  occurred  near  the  high  end  of 
Gateshead.  A  scaffolding  erected  over  the  quarry  of  Mr.  Joseph 
Price  fell  in  with  a  tremendous  crash,  and  upwards  of  20  tons  of 
stone  lying  on  it  at  the  time  fell  upon  the  men,  killing  them  on 
the  spot.  Their  names  were  Joseph  Irwin,  Matthew  Welch, 
Thomas  Baker,  George  Croyle,  sen.,  and  George  Croyle,  jun. 
(father  and  son). 

April.— The  Educational  Society  of  Newcastle,  Durham,  and 
Northumberland  was  established. 

May  7.— Died,  at  his  seat,  at  Craster,  Northumberland,  in 
the  83rd  year  of  his  age,  Shaftoe  Craster,  esq.  He  served  the 
office  of  high  sheriff  of  Northumberland  in  the  year  1803,  and  was 
the  last  male  descendant  of  one  of  the  most  ancient  and  opulent 
families  in  the  county,  the  paternal  domain  of  Craster  having  been 
held  by  William  de  Craster  in  the  year  1292.  But  his  revered 


A.D.  1837.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  75 

character  is  more  highly  elevated  by  his  transcendant  deeds  of 
benevolence  than  any  ancestral  dignity  could  bestow.  His  remains 
•were  deposited  in  the  family  vault,  in  the  northern  aisle  of 
Embleton  church,  on  the  30th  of  May.  The  long  line  of  the 
funeral  procession,  extending  nearly  a  mile  in  length,  produced  an 
impressive  effect  as  it  approached  the  village  of  Embleton,  where 
apparently  the  whole  population  of  the  neighbourhood  had 
assembled  to  join  in  the  last  hallowed  rites  dedicated  to  the 
venerable  and  venerated  friend  and  benefactor  of  humanity. 

1837  (May  9). — Died,  at  Alnwick,  in  his  73rd  year,  Sir  David 
William  Smith,  bart.,  chief  commissioner  to  the  Duke  of 
Northumberland  for  upwards  of  thirty  years.  His  funeral  took 
place  at  Alnwick  on  the  19th.  The  bells  were  tolled  at  intervals 
during  the  day,  and  the  shops  in  the  town  were  closed.  The  rank 
and  character  of  the  deceased  drew  together  a  great  concourse  of 
persons  to  honour  the  closing  rites  and  witness  the  funeral 
procession,  which  surpassed  in  solemn  grandeur  any  ever  witnessed 
at  Alnwick. 

May  11. — Shortly  before  midnight  the  attention  of  a  person 
passing  down  the  Royal  Arcadej  Newcastle,  was  directed  to  an 
unusual  light,  a  crackling  noise,  and  a  sulphurous  smell  issuing 
from  the  shop  for  fancy  goods  of  Mr.  S.  Gans,  known  as  the 
Fancy  Fair.  It  suddenly  burst  into  a  blaze,  and  in  less  than  two 
hours  the  whole  of  its  contents  were  reduced  to  ashes.  Mr.  Gans 
was  insured  to  the  full  amount  of  his  loss,  and  shortly  after  left 
the  town. 

May  15. — Died,  at  Elemore  Hall,  Durham,  in  his  84th  year, 
George  Baker,  esq.  Mr.  Baker  was  the  only  son  and  heir  of 
George  Baker,  esq.,  of  Elemore.  He  succeeded  his  father  in 
1774.  In  his  earlier  years  he  was  supposed  to  be  one  of  the  best 
gentlemen  riders  in  England.  About  two  months  before  his 
decease  Mr.  Baker  announced  his  intention  to  present  a  piece  of 
plate  to  be  run  for  at  the  next  Newcastle  races.  This  prize 
assumed  the  shape  of  a  silver  coal  waggon,  and  was  not  run  for 
until  June  25th,  1838,  when  it  was  won  by  Mr.  Orde's  celebrated 
mare  Beeswing.  Mr.  Baker  was  a  candidate  for  the  representation 
of  the  city  of  Durham  in  the  year  1813,  when  a  severe  and 
expensive  contest,  of  nine  days  duration,  took  place  between 
himself  and  the  late  George  Allan,  of  Blackwell  Grange,  esq.  The 
latter  was  elected  by  a  majority  of  80.  The  deceased  had  been 
for  some  time  in  a  declining  state  of  health,  but  was  sufficiently 
well  to  receive  his  rents  from  his  tenantry  on  the  very  day  he 
breathed  his  last.  Having  deposited  his  money  in  a  place  of  safety, 
he  signified  his  wish  to  retire  to  rest,  and  when  his  servant  was  in 
the  act  of  undressing  him  he  fell  back  in  his  chair  and  expired 
without  a  groan.  Mr.  Baker  devised  the  bulk  of  his  large  property 
to  his  grandson — the  eldest  son  of  Colonel  Towers,  who  married 
his  only  daughter — who  is  directed  to  assume  the  name  of  Baker 
upon  his  attaining  the  age  of  twenty-one. 

May  19. — As  the  keel  belonging  to  Messrs.  Cookson's  bottle 


HISTORICAL    REGISTER   OF  LA'D-    1837. 

works  was  going  down  the  Tyne,  a  large  fish  was  discovered 
below  Hebburn  Quay,  struggling  on  the  shore.  Mr.  Strachan, 
the  skipper,  with  other  two  young  men,  succeeded  at  last  in 
rapturing  the  monster  and  killing  it.  The  fish  proved  to  be  a 
r  eel,  which  weighed  3st.  41b.,  and  measured  6  feet  3  inches 


. 

I  s:J7  (M^'//29).— The  king's  birthday— the  72nd— was  celebrated 
in  Newcastle  by  the  usual  demonstrations  of  loyalty  and  respect. 

jlllie  21.— The  intelligence  of  the  death  of  his  Majesty 
William  the  Fourth  was  received  in  Newcastle  a  little  before 
seven  a.m.  The  bells  of  the  several  churches  commenced  tolling, 
and  continued  to  do  so  at  intervals  during  Thursday.  The  flag 
on  the  castle,  and  those  of  the  ships  in  the  river,  were  hoisted 
half-mast  high,  and  the  shops  were  partially  closed.  At 
Sunderland,  on  Thursday,  similar  signs  of  grief  were  manifested 
for  the  demise  of  his  majesty. 

June  23. — Queen  Alexandrina  Victoria  the  First  was  pro- 
claimed in  Newcastle.  Pursuant  to  a  summons  from  the  mayor, 
the  council  met  in  the  Council  Chamber  at  12  o'clock,  from 
whence  they  adjourned  to  the  Merchants'  Court  for  the  purpose  of 
drinking  her  Majesty's  health.  The  clergy  of  the  town  and  the 
officers  of  the  Garrison  and  Northumberland  Yeomanry  having 
here  joined  the  company,  the  mayor  requested  the  party  to  fill 
a  bumper  of  champagne,  and  drink  the  health  of  Queen  Victoria, 
and  a  long,  happy,  and  prosperous  reign  to  her  majesty,  which 
was  drunk  with  great  enthusiasm.  The  company  then  proceeded 
to  the  Sandhill,  where  the  town  marshal  read  the  proclamation  of 
her  majesty  as  Queen  of  Great  Britain  and  Ireland.  Immediately 
after  three  times  three  cheers  were  given  by  the  assemblage,  the 
band  at  the  same  time  playing  the  national  air,  the  guns  of  the 
castle  firing  a  royal  salute,  and  the  bells  of  the  churches  ringing, 
which  together  had  a  very  imposing  effect. 

Same  day,  Queen  Victoria  was  proclaimed  at  Alnwick  by 
the  under-sheriff,  accompanied  by  Charles  W.  Bigge,  esq., 
chairman  of  the  county,  Robert  Thorp  esq.,  clerk  of  the  peace, 
J.  Clutterbuck,  esq.,  Edward  Dale,  esq.,  W.  Laws,  esq.,  the 
Rev.  L.  8.  Orde,  and  other  gentlemen. 

June  23. — At  Sunderland,  Durham,  Hexham,  and  South 
Shields,  the  same  ceremonies  were  gone  through,  and  all  the 
corporations  in  this  district  presented  loyal  addresses  to  her 
majesty  on  her  happy  accession  to  the  throne. 

June  24. — Died,  at  Monkwearmouth,  in  the  90th  year  of 
her  age,  universally  respected,  Mrs.  Barbara  Wilson,  relict  of 
Mr.  George  Wilson.  She  was  a  lineal  descendant  of  the  ancient 
barons  of  Hylton,  formerly  of  Hylton  Castle,  in  the  county  of 
Durham. 

June  24. — This  day,  the  fourth  centenary  anniversary  of  the 
invention  of  printing  was  celebrated  in  Newcastle. 

June  28. — The  proclamation  of  her  majesty  took  place  at 
North  Shields,  accompanied  by  unparalleled  demonstrations  of 


A.D.  1837.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  77 

the  most  enthusiastic  loyalty,  alike  creditable  to  the  constituted 
authorities,  and  to  the  inhabitants  generally. 

1837  (June  30). — This  day,  the  number  of  christenings  solemnized 
in  St.  John's  church,  Newcastle,  amounted  to  the  extraordinary 
number  of  forty-two. 

July  5  — The  passing  of  the  Warkworth  harbour  bill  was  cele- 
brated at  Warkworth  on  the  evening  of  the  above  day,  by  illumina- 
tions and  rejoicings.  The  town  presented  an  animated  appearance, 
being  thronged  to  excess  with  people  from  the  adjacent  parts,  all 
of  whom  seemed  to  participate  in  one  joyous  feeling. 

July  8. — The  occasion  of  the  interment  of  the  remains  of  his 
late  majesty,  was  observed  in  Newcastle  and  all  the  neighbouring 
towns  with  all  the  respect  and  attachment  which  were  due  to  the 
exalted  qualities  of  the  deceased  monarch. 

July. — After  the  short  lapse  of  ten  weeks,  Jos.  Smith,  esq., 
and  co.,  owners  of  South  Tanfield  colliery,  reached  the  main 
coal  scam,  five  feet  8  inches  in  thickness.  The  sinking  work  was 
under  the  superintendence  of  Joseph  Smith  and  Joseph  Joicey, 
esqrs.,  the  two  gentlemen  by  whose  skill  South  Hetton  pit  was 
sunk  to  the  astonishing  depth  of  180  fathoms,  notwithstanding  the 
difficulties  and  obstructions  they  had  to  encounter,  in  a  time  and 
at  an  expense  unrivalled  in  this  or  any  other  mining  district. 

July  12. — Great  interest  was  manifested  by  a  numerous 
class  of  merchants,  in  Newcastle  and  the  neighbouring  towns,  on 
the  occasion  of  the  first  public  sale  of  teas  at  that  port,  consisting 
of  from  3,000  to  4,000  chests,  the  property  of  Mr.  Alexander 
George  Gray. 

July  12  to  16. — The  counties  of  Northumberland  and  Durham 
were  visited  with  dreadful  thunderstorms.  These  visitations 
were  exceedingly  capricious  in  violence  and  duration,  but  the  most 
awful  storms  appear  to  have  occurred  in  the  district  remote  from 
Newcastle.  On  the  14th,  at  Shawdon  Woodhouse,  near  Glantoii, 
Northumberland,  Miss  Donkin,  niece  of  Mr.  Carnaby,  of  that 
place,  was  struck  dead  by  the  electric  fluid.  It  appears  that  Miss 
Donkin  had  gone  into  the  kitchen,  and  unfortunately  sat  down 
below  a  bell ;  just  at  that  moment  the  electric  fluid  entered  the 
house,  ran  along  the  bell  wire,  and  struck  the  young  lady  down 
with  great  violence,  killing  two  dogs  that  lay  near.  On  the 
same  day,  at  Ax  well  Park,  970  panes  of  glass  were  destroyed.  At 
Ryton,  a  cow  was  killed,  and  at  Stella,  six  sheep  shared  the  same 
fate.  Mr.  James  Summers,  of  Brasside  Moor*  near  Durham,  had 
a  stack  of  oats  burnt  to  ashes  from  the  effects  of  lightning.  At 
Newcastle,  on  the  1.6th,  the  storm  was  truly  terrific.  The 
electric  explosions  which  took  place  directly  over  the  town  were 
the  loudest  ever  remembered,  and  had  the  vibrating  effect  of 
shaking  every  dwelling,  vivid  flashes  of  forked  lightning  pursued 
their  capricious  course  through  the  air,  careering  amidst  the  storm 
of  hail  and  rain,  and  lighting  up  the  otherwise  gloomy  scene  with 
a  sublime  but  awful  grandeur.  Three  houses  in  High  Swinburne- 
place,  occupied  by  Mr.  Beamont,  Mr.  Mackreth,  and  the  Misses 


78  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1837. 

Wright  were  entered,  the  bells  torn  down,  the  wires  fused  and 
destroyed  by  intense  combustion.  Mr.  Mackreth's  servant  was 
thrown  down  but  not  hurt.  At  Alnwick,  several  buildings 
received  partial  damage.  The  lightning  passed  down^the  chimney 
of  one  house  and  set  fire  to  a  piece  of  paper  in  a  boy's  hand,  and 
another  child  was  thrown  down,  but  they  sustained  no  serious 
injury. 

1837  (July  21). — The  James,  of  Perth,  John  McLaren  master, 
lying  at  the  Clarence  Staiths,  near  Stockton,  was  discovered  to  be 
on  fire.  The  vessel  was  not  much  damaged,  but  four  of  the  crew 
were  suffocated  in  the  forecastle. 

july  24. — Died,  at'  his  palace  of  Hereford,  the  Hon.  and 
Right  Rev.  Dr.  Edward  Grey,  Lord  Bishop  of  Hereford,  and 
fourth  brother  of  Earl  Grey,  of  Ho  wick.  His  lordship  was 
elevated  to  the  bishopric  of  Hereford  in  1832. 

July. — In  consequence  of  the  death  of  his  late  majesty,  King 
William  the  Fourth,  a  general  election  of  members  of  Parliament 
took  place  this  month.  The  following  are  the  results  of  the 
various  contests  in  Newcastle,  Northumberland,  and  Durham  : — 

NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE. 

Plumpers,  Splits. 

William  Ord  (Whig)   60  1792 

John  Hodgson  Hinde  (Con.)  116   1701 

Charles  J.  Bigge,  (Whig)     2  1187 

J.  B.  Coulson  (Con)    2   1127 

A.  H.  Beaumont  (Rad.) 69   290 

Total  number  who  voted   3173 

TYNEMOUTH. 

George  F.  Young  (Whig)    269 

Sir  Charles  E.  Grey  (Whig)  253 

Total  number  who  voted 522 

BERWICK- UPON-TWEED. 

Plunders.  Splits. 

Richard  Hodgson  (Con)    2   357 

William  Holmes  (Con) 3   354 

Sir  Rufane  Donkin  (Whig;  206  328 

Split  Votes. 

Hodgson  and  Holmes 292 

Hodgson  and  Donkin 63 

Holmes  and  Donkin     59 

Total  number  who  voted    625. 

NORTH    DURHAM. 

Plumpers.  Splits. 

Hedworth  Lambton  (Whig) 85  2358 

Hon.  H.  T.  Liddell  (Con.)    1727  2323 

Sir  William  Chaytor  (Whig)     9  2062 

Split  Votes. 

Lambton  and  Liddell 408 

Lambton  and  Chaytor  , 1865 

Liddell  and  Chaytor 188 

Total  number  who  polled 6282 


A.D.  1837.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  79 

CITY    OP    DURHAM. 

Plumpers.  Splits. 

Hon.  A.  Trevor  (Con.) 238  465 

William  C.  Harland  (Whig) 105  373 

Thomas  C.  Granger  (Whig) 162   371 

Split  Votes. 

Trevor  and  Harland    143 

Trevor  and  Granger    84 

Harland  and  Granger 125 

SUNDERLAND, 

Plumpers.  Splits. 

William  Thompson  (Con.)     332   688 

Andrew  White  (Whig) 75   628 

David  Barclay  (Whig) 37  591 

Split  Votes. 

Thompson  and  White 214 

Thompson  and  Barclay    151 

White  and  Barclay 367 

Total  number  who  voted   1176 

GATESFIEAD. 

Cuthbert  Eippon  (Whig) 23G 

John  W.  Williamson  (Whig) 151 

Total  number  who  voted 387 

SOUTH    SHIELDS. 

Robert  Ingham,  esq.,  was  again  returned. 

SOUTH    NORTHUMBERLAND. 

Matthew  Bell,  esq.,  and  Christopher  Blackett,  esq.,  were 
re-elected  without  opposition. 

SOUTH    DURHAM. 

August  1. — John  Bowes  and  Joseph  Pease,  esqrs.,  were  again 
elected. 

August  3. — As  John  Marchant,  servant  to  Mr.  Potts,  of  Long 
Benton,  Northumberland,  was  driving  a  cart  through  that  village 
he  was  struck  by  lightning,  and  killed  on  the  spot.  The  leading 
horse  of  the  cart  was  also  killed,  the  shaft  horse  not  receiving  the 
least  injury. 

August  3. — Mr.  Thomas  Mather,  farmer,  Elyhaugh,  was 
drowned  while  endeavouring  to  cross  the  Svvarland  Burn,  near 
Felton,  while  it  was  much  flooded. 

August  13. — A  fire  was  discovered  in  Messrs.  Fell  &  Co.'s 
pottery,  at  St.  Peter's,  near  Newcastle,  The  damage  was  estimated 
at  between  £500  and  £600.  The  property  was  insured  in  the 
North  British  Fire  Office. 

August  30. — The  St.  John's  chapel  of  ease,  situated  at  Snod's 
Edge,  in  the  parish  of  Shotley,  was  consecrated  by  the  Bishop  of 
Durham,  who  afterwards  preached  to  a  crowded  congregation. 

Same  day,  a  noble  instance  of  self-devotion  in  the  saving 
the  life  of  a  fellow  creature  was  witnessed  on  the  Quayside,  New- 
castle. A  boy  named  Walker,  living  in  Silver-street,  fell  into  the 
river,  a  keelman  instantly  plunged  in  and  for  a  few  seconds  of 


gO  HISTORICAL    REGISTER  OP  [A.D.  1837. 

intense  interest,  neither  of  them  appeared.  At  length  the  keelman 
rose  to  the  surface  bearing  with  him  the  boy  in  a  state  of  insensi- 
bility. He  was  taken  home,  however,  and  speedily  recovered. 
The  name  of  the  humane  and  courageous  man  was  William 
Sword. 

1837  (August). Early  in  this  month,  whilst  some  workmen  were 

quarrying  stone  at  Borcum  Fell,  near  Bardon  Mill,  Northumberland, 
near  to  the  Roman  Station  Vindolana,  one  of  them  found  a  copper 
vessel  containing  63  coins,  3  of  gold  and  the  rest  of  silver.  The 
gold  coins  were  one  of  Claudius  Cassar,  reverse  Nero  Claudius 
Drusus  Germanicus,  one  of  Nero,  and  one  of  Vespasian.  Of  the  silver 
coins  3  were  of  Galba,  I  of  Otho,  1  of  Nero,  15  of  Vespasian,  8 
of  Domitian,  1  of  Nerva,  17  of  Trojan,  4  of  Hadrian,  and  10  of 
various  Empresses.  The  gold  pieces  were  separately  wrapped  up 
in  a  greenish  piece  of  leather  or  vellum,  which  was  still  quite 
toun-h,  and  many  of  the  coins  were  as  fresh  as  if  just  from  the  die. 
It  was  supposed  that  this  treasure  had  been  deposited  about  the 
year  120 — the  date  of  Hadrian's  memorable  expedition  to  Britain. 
The  vessel  in  which  they  were  contained  was  in  the  form  of  a 
basket,  about  six  inches  long.  The  Duke  of  Northumberland,  as 
lord  of  the  manor,  claimed  the  coins. 

A  gold  coin  of  the  Emperor  Nero,  of  great  beauty  and  in  excel- 
lent preservation,  was  found  about  this  time  by  a  woman,  while 
hoeing  turnips  in  a  field  near  Durham. 

September  ±. — The  foundation-stone  of  a  Wesleyan  Methodist 
chapel  was  laid  in  Blenheim-street,  Newcastle,  by  William 
Nesham,  esq.  The  chapel  was  opened  October  26,  1838,  and  will 
accommodate  1,000  persons,  including  300  sittings  for  the  poor. 

September  5, — Died,  at  Bank  Cottage,  near  Durham,  in  the 
99th  year  of  his  age,  Count  Joseph  Boruwlaski,  the  celebrated 
Polish  dwarf,  a  native  of  the  province  of  Pokucia,  in  Polish 
Russia.  This  extraordinary  person,  though  only  thirty-six  inches 
in  height,  was  perfectly  symmetrical  in  figure,  and  he  enjoyed 
excellent  health  to  a  very  late  period  in  life.  His  lively  genius 
and  engaging  manners  caused  him  to  be  much  noticed  when  he 
arrived  in  this  country,  and  having  been  seen  by  some  of  the 
prebendaries  of  Durham,  he  was  prevailed  upon  by  that  body  to 
take  up  his  abode  in  the  above  cottage,  they  engaging  to  allow 
him  a  handsome  income,  which  he  enjoyed  up  to  his  death. 

September  6. — The  foundation  stone  of  the  splendid  Grey 
column  in  Grey-street,  Newcastle,  was  laid  by  Messrs.  John  and 
Benjamin  Green  the  architects.  A  glass  bottle  hermetrically 
sealed,  containining  a  drawing  of  the  building,  surmounted  with  a 
statue  of  the  noble  earl,  a  list  of  subscribers  to  the  undertaking,  a 
collection  of  silver  and  copper  coins  of  the  Brunswick  dynasty, 
with  several  local  medals  and  tradesmen's  tokens  contributed  by 
Mr.  John  Fenwick,  and  a  parchment  scroll,  was  deposited  in  a 
chamber  cut  in  the  stone,  and  encased  in  plaster  of  Paris.  The 


scroll  contained  the  following  : — 


1837.] 


REMARKABLE  EVENTS. 


81 


VIEW  OP  GREY  STREET  AND  KARL  GREY'S  MONUMENT. 


"THE  FOUNDATION  STONE 

OF 

THIS  COLUMN, 

ERECTED     BY    PUBLIC     SUBSCRIPTION     IN    COMMEMORATION     OF    THE 

TRANSCENDENT    SERVICES    RENDERED    TO 

HIS    COUNTRY,    BY 

THE  RIGHT  HON.  CHARLES  EARL  GREY, 

VISCOUNT    HOWICK,  KNIGHT    OF    THE    MOST    NOBLE 
ORDER    OF    THE    GARTER,  AND    BARONET, 

Was  laid    on  the   Sixth  day  of  September,  one  thousand  ei^ht 

hundred  and  thirty- seven, 
BY  JOHN  GREEN  AND  BENJAMIN  GREEN,  ESQRS., 

ARCHITECTS. 
BUILDING  COMMITEEE  : 

The  Rev.  John  Saville  Ogle,  of  Kirkley,  in  the  County  of 
Northumberland,  Clerk,  A.  M.,  Prebendary  of  Durham ;  Edward 
Swinburne,  of  Capheaton,  Esq.  ;  Thomas  Emerson  Headlara,  of 
Newcastle- upon-Tyne,  Esq.,  M.  D.  ;  John  Grey,  of  Dilston, 

M 


82  HISTORICAL    REGISTER    OF  [A-D.    1837. 

Esq. ;  Thomas  Richard  Batson,  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne,  Esq., 
and  Alderman  ;  Armorer  Donkin,  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne,  Esq., 
and  Aldormmi ;  Ralph  Park  Philipson,  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 
Esq.,  and  Town  Councillor;  John  Fenwick,  of  Newcastle-upon- 
Esq.  ;  James  Hodgson,  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne,  Esq.,  and 
Alderman  ;  Emerson  Chamley,  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne,  Esq., 
and  Town  Councillor." 

On  the  llth  of  August,  1838,  the  column  had  reached  its  eleva- 
tion, and  on  the  24th  of  the  same  month,  the  statue  of  Earl  Grey 
Avas  placed  upon  its  summit.  The  bells  of  the  churches  immedi- 
ately afterwards  commenced  a  merry  peal,  and  continued  at 
intervals  during  the  remaining  portion  of  the  day.  In  the  first 
week  of  November  the  scaffolding  was  removed,  and  the  column 
exposed  to  the  full  gaze  of  the  public.  As  a  work  of  art,  the 
figure  is  a  noble  effort  of  genius,  and  reflects  the  highest  credit  on 
its  accomplished  author,  Mr.  Bailey,  whilst  the  resemblance  it 
bears  to  the  venerable  nobleman  to  whom  it  is  intended  to  do 
honour,  is  all  that  his  most  ardent  admirers  could  wish.  The 
height  of  the  column  to  the  top  of  the  figure  is  133  feet,  and 
the  diameter  of  the  shaft  at  the  base,  is  9  feet  11  inches.  The 
architecture  is  Roman  doric,  and  there  is  a  staircase  consisting  of 
IGi  steps  to  the  summit  of  the  capital,  from  which  there  is  a  fine 
panoramic  view  of  the  town  and  the  surrounding  country.  The 
figure  was  brought  from  London  by  the  Newcastle  trader 
"  Halcyon."  belonging  to  Edmund  Graham,  esq.  Mr.  James 
Purvis,  master. 

Inscription  cut  on  the  column  :  — 

THIS   COLUMN   WAS    ERECTED   IN    1838,    TO    COMMEMORATE   THE 
SERVICES    RENDERED    TO   HIS    COUNTRY   BY 

CHARLES  EARL   GREY,  K.G., 

WHO,  DURING   AN    ACTIVE   POLITICAL   CAREER    OP 

NEARLY    HALF-A-CENTURY, 

WAS    THE    CONSTANT   ADVOCATE    OF    PEACE, 
AND    THE    FEARLESS    AND    CONSISTENT    CHAMPION    OF 

CIVIL    AND   RELIGIOUS    LIBERTY. 

HE    FIRST   DIRECTED    HIS    EFFORTS    TO    THE    AMENDMENT 
OF  THE  REPRESENTATION  OF  THE  PEOPLE  IN  1792, 

AND    AVAS    THE    MINISTER 
15V    WHOSE    ADVICE,    AND    UNDER   WHOSE    GUIDANCE,    THE    GREAT 

MEASURE    OF    PARLIAMENTARY   REFORM    WAS, 

AFTER    AN     ARDUOUS    AND    PROTRACTED     STRUGGLE, 

SAFELY   AND    TRIUMPHANTLY   ACHIEVED 

IN   THE   YEAR   1839. 

.  1*37  (September  11.;— While  Mr.  Ralph  Wardle  and  Peter  Smith, 
ot  Colliery  Row,  were  at  work  in  the  Aimwell  Pit,  Rainton 
Colliery,  the  roof  of  the  mine  fell  upon  them,  and  they  were  killed 
on  the  spot. 


A.D.  1837.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  83 

September  11 — The  Free  and  Accepted  Masons  of  Northum- 
berland held  a  Grand  Provincial  Lodge  at  the  Turk's  Head  Inn, 
Grey-street,  Newcastle,  for  the  purpose  of  installing  the  Earl  of 
Durham  as  Provincial  Grand  Master  of  the  Lodge.  After  the 
election  and  the  usual  ceremonies  110  of  the  brethren  sat  down  to 
a  sumptuous  dinner,  at  which  his  lordship  presided. 

September  13. —  The  foundation-stone  of  the  bridge  over  the 
river  Pont,  at  Netherwitton,  was  laid  by  R.  Trevelyan,  esq.,  in  the 
presence  of  a  large  assemblage  of  spectators.  The  bridge  was 
built  by  subscription,  and  is  a  handsome  structure  of  two  seginental 
arches  of  23  feet  span  each, 

September  20. — Died,  in  Newcastle,  after  a  few  days'  illness, 
aged  78,  Mr.  John  Rawling  Wilson,  for  many  years  landing 
surveyor  in  the  Customs  at  Newcastle,  and  a  well  known  local 
antiquary.  Mr.  Wilson  was  a  gentlemen  of  considerable  literary 
and  antiquarian  research,  and  from  his  long  residence  and  extensive 
knowledge  of  the  town  and  neighbourhood,  he  was  generally 
referred  to  in  matters  connected  with  its  history  and  inhabitants. 

September  21. —  Thomas  Holburn,  91  years  of  age,  an  inmate 
of  Bedlington  workhouse,  and  who  had  been  completely  blind  for 
12  years,  had  his  sight  suddenly  restored  to  him  whilst  at  dinner. 
He  at  once  resumed  his  round  in  the  village,  recognising  his  old 
acquaintances  and  haunts. 

October  1. — Died,  near  Morpeth,  aged  100,  Mr.  Robert  Besford. 

October  4. — At  a  meeting  of  the  town  council  of  Newcastle, 
the  question  of  building  a  corn  market  was  discussed.  A  com- 
pany had  been  formed  some  years  before  for  the  purpose  of 
erecting  a  market  on  the  site  of  the  Middle-street,  and  ia  July, 
1834,  the  corporation  resolved  to  pay  the  company  £9,000.  on  the 
completion  of  the  building.  Some  delay  having  taken  place,  Mr. 
Grainger  made  an  offer  of  a  new  and  elegant  structure  as  a  free 
gift  to  the  town,  and  it  was  contended  that  the  resolution  of 
1834,  having  never  been  perfected,  was  not  binding  upon  the 
reformed  corporation.  The  matter  caused  much  excitement, 
models  of  the  rival  markets  were  exhibited,  and  memorials  on 
behalf  of  both  were  very  numerously  signed.  The  discussion 
this  day  was  on  a  motion  of  Mr.  Charnley  to  confirm  the  minute 
of  1834,  this  resolution  was  ultimately  carried  by  32  votes  against 
17.  Mr.  Grainger's  building  is  now  the  Central  Exchange  News 
Rooms. 

October  12. — The  elegant  new  church  at  Earsdon,  near  North 
Shields,  was  consecrated  by  the  Lord  Bishop  of  Durham.  The 
length  of  the  church  is  about  79  feet,  by  30  feet  broad,  is  dedicated 
to  ISt.  Albans,  and  is  of  the  early  English  character,  from  plans 
by  Messrs.  John  and  Benjamin  Green,  of  Newcastle.  The 
church  being  erected  on  an  eminence,  its  tower  has  an  imposing 
appearance  for  a  considerable  distance,  both  by  sea  and  land. 
The  cost  was  estimated  to  exceed  £2,000. 

1837  (October  18.)— A  very  rare  and  extraordinary  operation  was 
performed  by  Mr.  Ward,  surgeon,  Church-street,  Sunderland. 


g4  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [>.D.  1837 

A  poor  woman  of  the  name  of  Hall,  residing  in  Spring-garden 
Lane,  was  brought  to  the  period  of  her  accouchment,  when 
from  physical  causes  it  was  quite  apparent  the  child  could  not 
be  born 'in  a  natural  way.  To  save  the  life  of  the  woman  was 
an  object  of  intense  anxiety,  and  this  could  only  be  done  by 
the  performance  of  the  ceasarian  operation.  Mr.  Ward,  accom- 
panied by  some  professional  friends,  undertook  the  painful 
responsibility,  and  after  a  quick  and  dextrous  operation  pro- 
duced a  female  child,  which  had  been  dead  for  some  days,  but 
the  life  of  the  mother  was  fortunately  preserved. 

1837  (October  19)—  At  Manor  Wallsend  colliery,  near  South 
Shields,  a  melancholy  catastrophe  occurred.  An  old  man  named 
Conway  and  a  young  man  named  Thomson  had  some  words,  during 
which  altercation  the  latter,  in  a  moment  of  ungovernable  irritation, 
took  up  a  pick  and  struck  it  into  Conway's  body,  with  such  fatal 
force  and  effect  that  he  died  upon  the  spot. 

October  31. — One  of  those  exhibitions  which  occasionally 
disgrace  this  kingdom,  a  prize  fight,  took  place  at  Middleton 
Bridge,  near  Cambo,  Northumberland.  The  combatants  were  a 
black,  who  called  himself  young  Molyneux,  and  a  man  of  the 
name  of  Renwick,  who  resided  at  Winlaton,  near  Newcastle.  The 
black,  who  was  visiting  Newcastle  on  a  "  sparring  tour,"  was 
challenged  by  his  opponent  to  fight  for  £25  a-side.  Owing  to  the 
interference  of  Thomas  Anderson,  esq.,  of  Kirkharle,  the  fight  did 
not  commence  until  five  o'clock.  The  contest  lasted  an  hour  and 
a  half,  and  an  idea  may  be  formed  of  its  severity  from  the  fact 
that  87  rounds  were  fought  with  half  a  minute  rest  between  each 
round.  The  black — darkness  having  come  on — in  the  latter  part 
of  the  fight  butted  his  antagonist  with  his  head.  He  won  the 
battle,  and  the  Winlaton  man  was  left  on  the  field  nearly  dead  ;  he 
was  dreadfully  punished. 

November  1. — The  new  Monkwearmouth  wet  dock,  on  the 
north  side  of  the  Wear,  was  opened  in  due  form,  amid  the  firing 
of  guns,  ringing  of  bells,  fireworks,  &c.  During  the  afternoon  the 
brig  lona,  splendidly  decorated,  having  a  band  of  music  and  a 
large  party  of  ladies  and  gentlemen  on  board,  sailed  down  the 
river  and  entered  the  dock  in  gallant  style,  amid  the  loud  huzzas 
of  thousands  of  spectators.  Two  other  new  vessels  also  entered 
the  dock.  One  was  built  by  Mr.  Johnson,  of  Hylton,  the  other  by 
Mr.  Laing,  of  Deptford.  The  dock  and  basin  are  nearly  eight 
acres  in  extent,  and  were  formed  to  accommodate  about  one 
hundred  vessels.  A  ball  took  place  in  the  evening  at  the  New  Inn. 

November  5. — A  man  named  John  Atkinson,  who  had  been 
in  the  employment  of  Mr.  Sorsbie,  corn  merchant,  in  a  fit  of 
insanity  threw  himself  out  of  a  window  at  the  foot  of  the  Butcher- 
bank,  Newcastle,  from  the  height  of  more  than  fifty  feet.  The 
unhappy  man,  who  was  about  sixty  years  of  age,  died  within  six 
hours  afterwards. 

November  8. — A  fire  broke  out  in  the  lower  workshops  of 
Mr,  R.  Small,  turner,  Groat  Market,  Newcastle,  by  which  Mr. 


A.D.  1837.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS  85 

Small  and  an  apprentice,  named  John  Amory,  were  both  severely 
burnt.  Assistance  being  at  hand,  Mr.  'Small  and  the  boy  were 
both  rescued.  It  appeared  that  the  cause  of  the  fire  originated 
with  the  master  and  the  boy,  who  were  engaged  in  pouring  spirits 
of  wine  from  one  bottle  to  another. 

November  9. — The  following  gentlemen  were  elected  mayors 
and  sheriffs  : — Newcastle — Thomas  Emmerson  Headlam,  esq., 
M.D.,  mayor ;  John  Carr,  esq.,  sheriff.  Gateshead  —  James 
Pollock,  esq.,  mayor.  Sunderland — Richard  Spoor,  esq.,  mayor; 
Durham — John  Burrell,  esq.,  mayor;  Stockton — Robert  Lamb, 
esq.,  mayor  ;  Morpeth — E.  A.  Hedley,  esq.,  mayor  ;  Berwick — 
George  Johnston,  esq.,  mayor;  and  John  Clay,  esq.,  sheriff. 

November  20. — A  very  melancholy  accident  occurred  at  the 
works  of  Mr.  John  Renoldson,  engineer,  South  Shields.  A 
number  of  ladies  and  gentlemen  had  assembled  to  witness  the 
trial  of  a  new  locomotive  engine,  when  a  defect  occurred  in  the 
safety  valve,  which  caused  the  boiling  water  to  rush  out  with 
considerable  force.  The  youngest  daughter  of  Mr.  Renoldson, 
about  fifteen  years  of  age,  and  a  youtli  named  Messenger,  were 
so  much  scalded  as  to  cause  their  death  shortly  after,  and  one 
or  two  others  were  seriously  injured. 

November  24. — Died,  at  Scone  Palace,  Perthshire,  after  a 
few  hours'  illness,  Louisa,  Viscountess  Stormont,  third  daughter 
of  Cuthbert  Ellison,  esq.,  of  Hebburn  Hall,  near  Newcastle. 

December  6. — A  melancholy  catastrophe  occurred  at  Springwell 
Colliery,  near  Wrekenton,  four  miles  from  Newcastle,  from  an 
explosion  of  foul  air.  The  cause  of  the  accident  was  not  dis- 
covered, as  out  of  the  fifteen  men  and  ten  boys  not  one  was  saved. 
A  similar  accident  occurred  in  1833,  by  which  forty-seven 
human  beings  were  deprived  of  life. 

December  9. — A  boy  about  five  years  of  age,  named  Kirkup, 
slipped  unperceived  into  Mr.  Gallon's  paper  manufactory  at 
the  Felling  Shore,  near  Gateshead,  and  climbed  upon  one  of  the 
wheels.  The  weight  of  the  boy,  it  is  supposed,  set  the  machinery 
in  motion,  and  he  unfortunately  had  both  his  legs  wrenched  off. 

December  14. — Considerable  alarm  was  occasioned  on  the 
Quayside,  Newcastle,  in  consequence  of  a  loud  report  being  heard 
and  flames  seen  issuing  from  the  office  windows  of  Mr.  Robert 
Procter,  broker.  It  appeared  that  a  young  man  in  the  service  of 
Mr.  Procter  had  been  imprudently  handling  a  flask  containing 
gunpowder,  when,  by  some  means  it  exploded,  blowing  out  the 
two  front  windows,  and  severely  scorching  the  young  man.  The 
flames  were  promptly  extinguished. 

December  18. — The  first  marriage  in  a  dissenting  place  of 
worship,  in  Newcastle,  was  celebrated  in  New  Court  Chapel, 
Westgate,  by  the  Rev.  George  Sample.  The  parties  were  Mr. 
William  Detchon  and  Miss  Barbara  Hurst. 

1837  (December  20^) — Thiswas  the  gloomiest  day  ever  remembered 
in  Newcastle,  the  rain  falling  incessantly,  and  in  the  evening 
the  wind  blew  very  strong  from  the  north-east,  from  which  the 


86 


HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1837. 


shipping  on  the  coast  suffered  seriously.  The  rivers,  m  con- 
sequence, were  greatly  flooded,  particularly  the  Wear  and  the 
Brownie.  At  Sunderland  Bridge,  three  miles  south  of  Durham, 
the  road  was  completely  overflown,  and  all  passage  stopped  for  a 
considerable  time.  The  mail  got  through  with  great  difficulty, 
the  horses  being  nearly  carried  away.  The  Wellington  and  Hero 
coaches  were  detained  several  hours,  and  the  inside  passengers 
were  obliged  to  mount  the  outside  for  safety,  the  water  reaching 
high  in  the  inside.  In  Sunderland  Harbour,  the  loss  sustained  by 
boats,  keels,  and  timber,  drifting  out  to  sea,  was  estimated  at 
upwards  of  £3,000. 

December  20. — A  boy  named  Edward  Mennim,  aged  six  and 
a  half  years,  residing  at  Biddlestone  Edge,  in  the  parish  of 
Alwinton,  Northumberland,  was  sent  on  an  errand  to  Biddlestone, 
a  short  distance  from  his  home.  Soon  after  his  departure  a  dense 
fog  came  on,  and  the  boy  not  returning  at  the  time  expected,  his 
father  and  others  went  in  search  of  him,  which  they  continued 
until  night  without  discovering  the  child.  The  distracted  state  of 
the  parents,  and  the  probable  disastrous  fate  of  the  boy,  called 
fortli  the  sympathy  of  the  inhabitants  of  the  district.  The 
shepherds  on  the  upland  sheep  farms,  in  the  most  praiseworthy 
manner,  traversed  the  country  in  all  directions  and  kept  up  a 
continued  search  for  nearly  twenty  days,  when  on  the  8th  of 
January,  1838,  they  found  the  body  of  the  poor  little  fellow  among 
the  moorland  hills,  at  a  place  called  Hockley  Dean  Law,  in  the 
parish  of  Alnham,  the  child  having  traversed  a  wild  mountainous 
country  (the  southern  range  of  the  Cheviot  Hills)  in  a  north- 
easterly direction  from  his  home.  He  was  found  lying  upon  his 
back  with  his  arms  firmly  thrust  into  the  pockets  of  his  trousers, 
his  eyes  were  partially  open,  and  his  face  retained  the  freshness 
and  bloom  of  life  and  health,  indicating  that  he  had,  from  the 
effect  of  cold  and  exhaustion,  slept  into  death.  Thomas  Clennell, 
esq.,  of  Harbottle  Castle,  whose  feelings  are  at  all  times  alive  to 
distress,  took  an  active  part  in  the  case  of  the  lost  child,  as  also  the 
Rev.  A.  Proctor,  vicar  of  Alwinton,  the  hon.  Mr.  Stourton,  of 
Biddlestone  Hall,  and  the  Messrs.  Grey. 

December  23. — William  Losh,  esq.,  of  Benton  Hall,  near 
Newcastle,  received  a  patent  for  "  improvements  in  decomposing 
muriate  of  soda  (common  salt),  part  of  which  improvements  are 
also  applicable  to  the  condensing  vapours  of  other  processes." 

December, — About  this  time  a  saline  chalybeate  well  was 
discovered  on  the  property  of  Jonathan  Richardson,  esq.,  near 
Shotley  Bridge.  The  water  having  been  analysed  by  an  eminent 
chemist  was  found  to  be  strongly  impregnated  with  the  sulphates 
of  soda,  magnesia,  and  lime,  as  well  as  with  carbonic  acid  and 
oxide  of  iron.  Mr.  Richardson  having  erected  an  elegant  bath 
house,  and  laid  out  the  surrounding  grounds  with  considerable 
taste,  the  place  was  for  some  time  afterwards  much  frequented 
by  invalids.  Although  the  beauty  of  the  rock  and  woodland 
scenery  in  the  neighbourhood  is  confessedly  great,  it  has  never 


A.D.  1838.]  KEMAKABLE    EVENTS.  87 

attained  that  popularity  to  which  the  valuable  properties  of  the 
water  entitle  it. 

1838  (January  2). — The  first  number  of  a  conservative  paper 
called  the  "  Sunderland  Beacon"  was  published  in  that  town,  Mr. 
John  Kitchen,  proprietor. 

January  6. — Frost  of  an  extreme  intensity  prevailed  throughout 
the  northern  counties,  and  the  first  snow  of  the  winter  fell 
this  day,  the  wind  blowing  keen  from  the  north-east,  the  storm 
continued  with  great  severity  till  the  end  of  the  month.  All 
passage  on  the  river  Tyne  was  stopped,  it  being  frozen  for  upwards 
of  five  miles  below  Newcastle,  and  crowds  of  skaters  appeared 
upon  it.  In  no  year  since  the  celebrated  frost  of  1814 
had  one  occurred  like  the  present.  In  proof  of  this  it  may  be 
mentioned  that  loaded  carts  crossed  the  Tyne,  the  Coquet,  the 
Tweed,  and  other  rivers  in  the  north,  upon  the  ice  at  various 
points. 

January  10. — W.  D.  Anderson,  esq.,  was  appointed  resident 
engineer  to  the  corporation  of  Newcastle.  There  were  21 
applicants  for  the  office. 

January  13. — Died,  at  his  house  in  Hamilton  Place,  London, 
in  his  87th  year,  John  Scott,  earl  of  Eldon,  high  steward  of  the 
university  of  Oxford,  a  governor  of  the  Charter  House,  and  a 
member  of  the  Privy  Council,  D.C.L.,  F.R.S.,  and  F.S.A.  The 
deceased  was  the  youngest  son  of  William  Scott,  a  respectable 
coalfitter  and  merchant  in  Newcastle,  and  was  born  in  his  father's 
residence  in  Love  Lane  on  the  4th  of  June,  1751,  the  anniversary 
of  the  birth  of  George  the  Third.  John,  like  his  brother  William, 
was  educated  at  the  grammar  school  at  Newcastle,  but  at  an  early 
age  he  quitted  it  for  the  university  of  Oxford.  In  1767  he  was 
elected  a  fellow  of  University  College,  and  in  1771  he  gained  the 
chancellor's  prize  for  an  English  Essay  "  On  the  Advantages  and 
Disadvantages  of  Foreign  Travel."  Shortly  after  this  he  married. 
His  wife  was  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Aubone  Surtees,  esq.,  a  banker 
at  Newcastle.  The  match  was  a  runaway  one,  and  the  lady  was 
carried  off  from  one  of  the  upper  windows  of  her  father's  house, 
on  the  Sandhill,  Newcastle,  yet  unlike  most  matches  impru- 
dently formed  it  was  productive  of  the  greatest  connubial 
happiness  during  a  period  of  many  years.  Lady  Eldon  was 
extremely  beautiful,  but  the  qualities  of  the  heart  surpassed  even 
her  personal  attractions.  She  would  sit  up  with  her  husband, 
cheering  his  midnight  studies  as  a  lawyer,  watching  him  with 
silent  affection,  and  moving  about  on  tiptoe  that  she  might  not 
disturb  the  connection  of  his  thoughts.  She  died  in  1831.  In 
1773  Scott  was  admitted  a  student  of  the  Middle  Temple,  and 
never,  perhaps,  did  student  burn  the  midnight  lamp  with  greater 
ardour  or  perseverance.  Jn  the  diligence  of  his  studies  he  must 
have  equalled  Sir  Matthew  Hale  ;  like  him,  ultimately  success  was 
his  reward.  In  1776  he  was  called  to  the  bar,  but  for  some  time 
his  success  was  so  indifferent  that  he  made  up  his  mind  to  reside 
in  Newcastle  and  practise  as  a  provincial  barrister,  but  a  certain 


38  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [>.D.   1838. 

circumstance  induced  him  to  abandon  his  intention.  In  1777  the 
notorious  Stoney  Bowes  became  a  candidate  for  Newcastle,  and 
Mr.  Scott  was  employed  in  the  proceedings  which  Mr.  Bowes 
instituted  for  unseating  his  successful  rival,  Sir  John  Trevelyan. 
This  was  one  of  Mr.  Scott's  first  retainers,  and  it  was  not  his  last 
from  the  same  person,  for  Mr.  Bowes  was  returned  for  Newcastle 
in  1 780,  and  again  engaged  Mr.  Scott  to  defend  his  seat,  which 
was  attacked  by  Mr.  Delaval.  In  1781  Mr.  Scott  was  offered  the 
Recordership  of  Newcastle,  but  declined  the  offer.  In  less  than 
two  years  he  was  invested  with  the  silk  gown,  and  was  elected 
M.P.  for  Weobly,  and  though  his  powers  as  a  debater  were  never 
effective,  he  soon  obtained  the  notice  and  patronage  of  Mr.  Pitt. 
In  1799  he  was  raised  to  the  peerage  by  the  title  of  Baron  Eldon 
of  Eldon,  Durham,  and  appointed  Chief  Justice  of  the  Common 
Pleas.  In  1801,  in  the  formation  of  the  Addington  ministry, 
he  was  made  Lord  High  Chancellor.  This  important  office 
he  held  until  1806,  when  Erskine  succeeded  him  under  the 
administration  of  "All  the  Talents."  On  the  1st  of  April, 
1807,  he  was  re-appointed,  and  from  this  time  he  continued 
in  office  until  April  30,  1827,  altogether  a  period  of  nearly  twenty- 
five  years.  The  abilities  displayed  by  Lord  Eldon  in  this  eminent 
position  it  would  be  difficult  adequately  to  describe.  His  judg- 
ments, which  occupy  thirty  volumes,  are  valuable,  principally  to 
lawyers ;  but  in  learning,  accuracy,  and  research,  it  may  be  truly 
said  he  has  never  been  surpassed,  if  he  has  ever  been  equalled. 
His  decisions  stand  as  bulwarks  of  the  law,  and  the  greatest 
lawyers  subsequent  to  him  have  expressed  their  admiration  of  them. 
Like  his  elder  brother,  (Lord  Stowell)  though  addicted  to  the 
pleasures  of  the  table,  he  was  parsimonious  to  a  degree,  and,  as 
might  be  expected,  he  left  an  enormous  fortune,  far  exceeding  even 
that  of  Lord  Stowell.  The  personal  property  alone  was  sworn 
under  £700,000,  and  this  was  exclusive  of  very  large  landed 
estates.  Lord  Eldon,  by  his  countess,  had  two  sons  and  two 
daughters — first,  the  honourable  John  Scott,  who  married 
Henrietta  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  Matthew  White  Ridley, 
bart.,  and  died  in  1805,  leaving  one  son,  who  succeeded  his 
grandfather  in  the  earldom.  Second,  Lady  Elizabeth,  married 
in  1817  to  George  S.  Repton,  esq.,  architect,  by  whom  she  had  one 
son.  Third,  the  honourable  William  Henry  John  Scott,  barrister 
at  law,  who  died  in  1802,  aged  38.  Fourth,  Lady  F.  Jane, 
married  in  1820  to  the  Rev.  Edward  Bankes,  rector  of  Corfe 
Castle,  she  survived  her  father  but  a  few  months.  The  present 
earl  of  Eldon  married  in  1831  the  hon.  Louisa  Buncombe, 
youngest  sister  of  the  present,  and  daughter  of  the  late  Lord 
Feversham. 

January  16. — The  Queen  appointed  the  right  hon.  John  George 
earl  of  Durham  to  be  governor  general  of  the  British  American 
provinces. 

January  28. — An  explosion  took  place  in  the  shop  of  Mr. 
Stout,  King-street,  South  Shields,  which  set  fire  to  the  premises 


A.D.  1838.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  80 

and  did  considerable  damage.  It  seems  his  apprentice  was  alone 
in  the  shop,  and  had  by  some  accident  set  fire  to  a  51b.  cannister 
of  gunpowder.  The  boy  was  very  much  burnt. 

1838( 'February rllj. — Died,  at  his  residence  in  Sunniside,Bishop- 
wearinouth,  the  Rev.  Robert  Gray,  A.M.,  rector  of  Sunderland, 
aged  48.  He  was  nephew  to  the  late  Dr.  Gray,  Bishop  of 
Bristol,  and  had  held  the  rectory  of  Sunderland  for  18  years.  As 
a  minister  of  the  gospel  he  was  talented  and  attractive,  which 
qualities  were  only  exceeded  by  his  practical  piety  and  ardent 
zeal,  for  the  general  inculcation  of  Christian  knowledge.  As  a 
philanthropist  he  was  unbounded  in  the  promotion  and  support  of 
public  charities,  and  in  private  visitations  and  relief  to  the  poor  of 
all  ages  and  sects.  His  last  illness  was  produced  by  cold,  and 
terminated  in  fever.  His  death  was  much  lamented,  and  his 
memory  will  be  long  cherished  in  grateful  remembrance  bv  all 
who  knew  him.  His  remains  were  committed  to  the  tomb  on  the 
20th,  amidst  thousands  of  mourning  spectators,  the  shops  in  the 
town  were  closed,  and  business  was  entirely  suspended. 

February  20. — An  explosion  took  place  at  Whitley  colliery, 
near  Tynernouth,  by  which  four  individuals  were  dreadfully 
burnt,  two  of  whom  died  the  same  day. 

February  23. — A  fire  broke  out  in  the  stackyard  of  Mr.  A. 
Young,  Newton-by-the-Sea.  The  progress  of  the  flames  was  so 
rapid  as  to  destroy  in  a  short  time  the  whole  stackyard,  containing 
22  stacks  of  corn. 

February  24. — The  whole  extent  of  the  east  coast  of  Durham 
and  Northumberland  was  visited  by  a  heavy  fall  of  snow,  with  the 
accompaniment  of  a  strong  easterly  wind,  which  caused  the  snow 
to  drift  in  many  places  from  ten  to  twelve  feet  deep.  The 
Edinburgh  mail  was  completely  embedded  about  seven  miles 
north  of  Alnwick,  and  had  to  be  abandoned  by  the  passengers, 
who  made  their  way  through  the  fields  to  North  Charlton,  and 
were  detained  there  four  days.  The  Otterburn  and  Wooler  roads 
were  closed  for  more  than  a  week.  Very  great  damage  was  also 
sustained  by  the  shipping  on  the  coast  during  the  storm.  The 
Benwell,  trader  between  Newcastle  and  London,  was  lost,  with  a 
valuable  cargo  ;  arid  upwards  of  twenty  vessels  were  driven  on 
shore  between  Hartlepool  and  Berwick,  many  of  the  crews  being 
drowned. 

February. — This  month  a  magnificent  diamond  ring  was  presented 
by  the  Emperor  of  Russia  to  John  Thomas  Carr,  esq.,  his  imperial 
majesty's  vice-consul  at  the  port  of  Newcastle. 

February- — This  month  the  owners  of  Radcliffe  colliery,  near 
\Vark worth,  succeeded  in  boring  to  a  seam  of  coal,  between  four 
and  five  feet  in  thickness,  of  excellent  quality,  about  fifty-seven 
fathoms  from  the  surface. 

March  21. — A  fire  broke  out  this  morning  in  the  north  end  of 
the  castle,  at  Durham.  An  alarm  was  immediately  given,  when 
it  was  ascertained  that  the  fire  was  confined  to  the  apartments  of 
Mr.  Alexander  Watson,  B.A.,  who  had  property  consumed  to  the 

N 


90  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  183& 

amount  of  £150.,  and  had  a  very  narrow  escape  for  his  life.  The 
fire  was  accidental. 

1838  (March  28>— Died,  aged  74,  Thomas  Morton,  esq.,  one 
of  the  most  successful  of  modern  dramatists.  He  was  born  in 
Durham,  in  1 TG4,  and  is  the  author  of  "  Town  and  Country/' 
"Columbus,"  "The  Children  in  the  Wood,"  "  Zorinski,"  "  The 
Way  to  Get  Married,"  "  A  Cure  for  the  Heart- Ache,"  "  Speed 
the  Plough,"  "The  School  of  Reform,"  "A  Roland  for  an  Oliver,'7 
and  several  other  pieces  of  high  reputation.  Mr.  Morton  left 
three  sons,  one  of  whom  is  the  author  of  several  pieces,  and 
another  an  artist  of  considerable  merit. 

March  31. — A  boatman,  named  John  Gordon,  of  the  Duke 
of  Wellington  steamer,  fell  overboard  at  Newcastle  Quay,  when 
in  the  act  of  mooring  that  vessel,  and  was  drowned.  The 
same  boat  on  her  passage  from  Shields,  not  half  an  hour  before, 
picked  up  the  body  of  a  man  who  had  been  drowned  out  of  a 
wherry  the  same  morning.  Gordon,  who  left  a  wife  and  six 
children,  aided  in  carrying  the  body  of  the  wherryman  to  the 
dead-house,  when  he  remarked  on  the  uncertainty  of  life. 

March. — The  fishermen  of  Berwick  not  having  been  to  sea 
in  the  beginning  of  this  month,  the  fish,  singular  as  the  fact  may 
seem,  actually  came  on  shore  to  them,  glad  to  take  shelter,  it  is 
supposed,  from  the  fury  of  the  storm.  The  shore,  under  and 
north  of  the  Magdalen  fields,  was  literally  covered  with  cod-fish 
and  haddocks,  most  of  which  were  taken  alive. 

April  1. — On  the  morning  of  this  day  Sub-inspector  Smellie, 
of  the  police,  discovered  a  fire  above  the  Hare  and  Hound  public- 
house,  Colvin's  Chare,  Quayside,  Newcastle.  On  hastening 
upstairs  he  perceived  that  a  bedstead  and  the  flooring  of  the  room 
were  on  fire,  and  two  children  lying  asleep  on  the  bed.  With  the 
assistance  of  police-constable  Best  he  got  the  children  safe  out  of 
the  house,  and  afterwards  succeeded  in  putting  out  the  fire. 

April  14. — Died,  in  Newgate-street,  Newcastle,  aged  62, 
Mr.  Robert  Nichol,  much  and  deservedly  respected.  Mr.  Nichol 
was  the  author  of  several  compositions  in  prose  and  verse.  Some 
of  which  were  printed  in  the  "  Newcastle  Magazine." 

April  24. — Died,  at  Shillbottle  Wood  House,  near  Warkworth, 
Sarah,  aged  89,  and  on  the  25th,  her  husband,  George 
Orde,  aged  88.  The  remains  of  this  venerable  couple  were 
interred  in  the  same  grave,  in  Shillbottle  churchyard. 

May  5. — Died,  at  his  house  in  Ridley-place,  Newcastle, 
aged  69,  Nathaniel  Winch,  esq.  Mr.  Winch  was  well  known  in 
the  scientific  world  as  an  excellent  British  botanist.  He  was  the 
author  of  "  An  Essay  on  the  Geographical  Distribution  of  Plants 
through  the  Counties  of  Northumberland  and  Durham,"  and  of  a 
very  elaborate  "Flora  of  Northumberland  and  Durham.  He 
bequeathed  the  whole  of  his  extensive  Herbarium  and  his  library 
of  natural  history  to  the  Linnean  Society,  of  which  he  was  a 
member,  and  left  a  legacy  of  £200  to  the  Newcastle  infirmary,  to 
ioh  institution  he  acted  as  secretary  for  a  period  of  twenty-ona 


A.D.  1838.]  REMAKABLE    EVENTS.  91 


.  —  A  new  winning  was  commenced  upon  the  Seaton 
Delaval  estate  by  Joseph  Lamb,  esq.,  and  company,  which  forms 
a  new  feature  in  the  sinking  of  collieries.  Ground  was  broken 
for  six  pits,  exclusive  of  two  engine  shafts,  all  within  the  compass 
of  COO  yards.  About  the  same  date,  E.  R.  Gr.  Braddyll,  esq.,  and 
partners  broke  ground  at  Morton,  near  Hetton,  for  two  double 
shafts,  or  four  pits  within  forty  yards  of  each  other. 

May  18.  —  A  fire  broke  out  in  a  house  in  the  Back  Row, 
Stockton,  which  by  prompt  exertion  was  soon  extinguished,  but 
a  young  man  named  Robert  Eden  lost  his  life  by  suffocation  before 
an  entrance  was  effected. 

May  22,  —  One  of  those  disgusting  and  demoralising  scenes, 
a  prize  fight,  took  place  on  Hedley  Common,  near  the  village  of 
Ryton,  in  the  county  of  Durham,  between  Robert  Forbister,  an 
engine  wright,  and  John  Brown,  a  whitesmith,  both  of  Newcastle. 
They  fought  for  £20,  and  their  encounter  ended  in  the  death  of 
Brown.  Forbister  was  convicted  at  the  Durham  Assizes  of  the 
manslaughter,  and  was  sentenced  by  Mr.  Baron  Alderson  to  four 
months'  hard  labour.  Considerable  excitement  was  caused  in 
Newcastle  by  the  Rev.  W.  Dodd,  incumbent  of  St.  Andrew's, 
refusing  to  allow  Brown's  body  to  be  interred  in  the  churchyard. 

May  30.  —  Died,  at  his  residence  in  Sunderland,  Solomon 
Chapman,  esq.,  aged  88  years.  This  worthy  and  exemplary 
individual,  was  a  member  of  the  Society  of  Friends,  and  a  true 
and  faithful  representation  of  what  the  ancient  gentlemen  of 
that  class  of  Christians  were  wont  to  be,  and  though  firm  and 
undeviating  in  his  adherence  to  the  usages  of  his  sect,  yet  were 
his  kindness  and  hospitality  extended  to  all  whom  he  esteemed 
without  reference  to  their  creed. 

June-  —  Early  in  this  month,  as  the  Brunswick,  of  Sunderland, 
was  on  her  passage  from  London  to  that  port,  the  crew  discovered 
that  a  youth,  who  was  serving  on  board  as  an  apprentice,  was  a 
female.  The  circumstance  was  made  known  to  the  captain,  Mr. 
Hossack,  who  took  her  into  the  cabin  and  gave  her  up  the  use  of 
his  state  room  to  render  her  situation  as  comfortable  as  possible. 

June  3  —  Died,  in  the  Bethlehem  Hospital,  for  lunatics, 
Jonathan  Martin,  the  man  who  set  fire  to  York  Minster  some 
years  ago,  lor  which  act  he  was  tried  and  acquitted  on  the  ground 
of  insanity.  He  was  brother  of  the  eccentric  William  Martin,  of 
Newcastle,  "  The  Philosophical  Conqueror  of  all  Nations,"  and  of 
John  Martin,  the  celebrated  painter.  When  he  was  first  admitted 
into  the  hospital,  he  wus  allowed  the  use  of  paper  and  pencil,  but 
the  governors  finding  that  he  invariably  occupied  his  time  in 
drawing  sketches  of  York  Minster,  and  that  his  doing  so  threw 
him  into  a  state  of  great  excitement,  they  prohibited  his  being 
supplied  with  those  articles  in  future.  His  son  Richard  committed 
suicide  on  the  following  August. 

June  16.  —  Mr.  John  Dickenson,  of  Eals,  in  the  parish  of 
Knaresdale,  Northumberland,  an  eccentric  character,  the  father  of 
eight  children,  collected  together  thirty-two  of  his  friends,  to 


92  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [A.D.   1838. 

become  sponsors  for  them.  The  party  set  out  for  the  parish 
church,  Dickerison,  the  father,  playing  several  of  his  favourite 
airs  on  the  violin,  at  the  head  of  the  merry  group.  They  were 
met  at  church  by  the  Rev.  Thomas  Bewsher,  the  rector,  who,  after 
putting  the  necessary  questions,  christened  the  eight  children,  the 
rev.  gentleman  observing,  that,  in  all  his  ministry,  he  never  before 
had  had  such  a  presentation. 

1838  (June  18). — The  Newcastle  and  Carlisle  Railway  was  opened 
throughout  its  whole  extent,  from  Redheugh,  a  little  to  the  west 
of  Gateshead,  to  the  city  of  Carlisle.  The  vast  number  of  ladies 
and  gentlemen  who  had  assembled  for  the  purpose  of  travelling  to 
the  other  end  of  the  line,  the  countless  spectators,  and  the  numerous 
bands  of  music,  made  up  a  scene  of  great  animation  and  gaiety. 
At  half-past  twelve  o'clock  the  signal  was  given  for  the  engines  to 
start,  when  the  Rapid  was  despatched  as  an  advanced  guard, 
without  any  train,  and  was  followed  by  thirteen  other  engines, 
drawing  120  well-filled  carriages.  The  aggregate  number  of 
passengers  in  all  the  trains  was  estimated  at  nearly  4,000,  and  the 
trains,  when  close  together,  above  half  a  mile  in  length.  The  gay 
procession  was  received  with  great  enthusiasm  along  the  route, 
particularly  at  Corbridge,  Hexham,  and  Haydon  Bridge,  and  the 
whole  party  reached  Carlisle  between  five  and  six  o'clock  The 
shades  of  night  had  set  in  before  the  trains  commenced  their 
homeward  journey,  and  the  first  did  not  arrive  at  Redheugh  until 
between  two  and  three  o'clock  in  the  morning,  and  many  of  them 
at  a  much  later  hour. 

June  20. — Died,  at  Axwell  Park,  in  the  77th  year  of  his  age, 
Charles  John  Clavering,  esq.,  senior  magistrate  of  the  county  of 
Northumberland  He  held  the  office  of  high  sheriff  of  Durham 
from  1829  to  1833,  and  of  which  county  he  was  a  zealous  and 
upright  magistrate. 

June  22. — At  a  meeting  held  in  the  Guildhall,  Newcastle, 
T.  E.  Headlam,  esq.,  mayor,  in  the  chair,  to  take  into  considera- 
tion what  should  be  done  in  order  properly  to  celebrate  the 
coronation  of  the  queen  on  the  28th  of  the  same  month.  It  was 
decided  that  instead  of  an  illumination  a  subscription  should  be 
raised  and  applied  to  the  erection  of  a  building  to  be  entitled  the 
Royal  Victoria  Asylum  for  the  Blind  and  Deaf  and  Dumb.  The 
subscriptions  soon  after  amounted  to  £1,000. 

_  June  27. — Mr.  James  Wilkie,  house  surgeon  to  the  Newcastle 
dispensary,  in  a.  fit  of  temporary  insanity,  threw  himself  from 
the  window  in  Miss  Bell's  boarding-house,  Grey-street,  in  that 
town,  and  died  shortly  afterwards.  The  deceased  was  so  highly 
respected  that  up  ward's  of  1,000  persons  followed  his  body  to  the 
grave. 

June  28. — This  being  the  day  appointed  for  the  coronation  of 
her  ra-ijasty,  a  general  holiday  was  observed  throughout  the 
kingdom,  and  nowhere  were  the  loyal  feelings  of  the  people  more 
emphatically  displayed  than  in  Northumberland  and  Durham.  In 
Newcastle,  the  churches  and  every  public  edifice  were  ornamented 


A.D.   1838.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  93 

with  flags,  among  which  St.  Nicholas'  church  was  especially  dis- 
tinguished, the  steeple  being  decorated  with  flags,  even  to  the  very 
top.  At  one  o'clock  a  royal  salute  was  fired  from  the  castle,  and 
the  yeomanry  fired  three  volleys  after  which  the  mayor  called  upon 
all  around  him  to  join  in  drinking  the  health  of  Queen  Victoria 
with  all  the  honours,  the  troops  at  the  same  time  presenting  arms, 
the  band  playing  the  national  anthem,  and  the  immense  crowd  of 
spectators  joining  in  loud  and  continued  huzzas.  The  poor  in  the 
several  workhouses  were  regaled  with  good  dinners,  and  meat, 
bread,  &c.,  were  distributed  among  the  out  poor  in  the  parishes  of 
St.  Nicholas,  St.  Andrew,  and  All  Saints,  the  inmates  of  the 
corporation  hospitals  had  each  5s.  presented  to  them,  and  the 
prisoners  in  the  goal  Avere  treated  with  a  good  dinner  at  the 
expense  of  the  corporation.  At  Gateshead,  Sunderland,  North 
and  South  Shields,  Hexham,  Durham,  Stockton,  Darlington, 
Morpeth,  Blyth,  Alnwick,  and  indeed  every  town  and  village  in 
the  district  the  attention  to  the  poor  was  most  considerate,  and 
unalloyed  happiness  everywhere  prevailed. 

1838  (July  3). — Married,  at  Alnwick,  Edward  John  Clavering, 
esq.,  of  Callaly  Castle,  to  Jane,  only  daughter  of  John  Carr,  esq., 
of  Bondgate  Hall  and  Broxfield. 

July  5. — A  quarrel  arose  between  two  seamen,  on  board 
the  Teviot  trader,  lying  at  Newcastle  Quay,  when  one  of  them 
named  Cunningham,  struck  his  antagonist,  whose  name  was 
Walton,  a  violent  blow  on  the  head,  and  the  hatchway  of  the 
forecastle  being  open,  Walton  fell  into  the  hold  of  the  vessel.  He 
was  immediately  conveyed  to  the  Infirmary,  where  he  died. 
Cunningham  was  convicted  of  manslaughter,  and  imprisoned 
three  months. 

July  6. — A  violent  thunderstorm  passed  over  Hexham  and 
the  surrounding  neighbourhood,  in  the  course  of  which,  a  man 
and  a  boy  belonging  to  Ovington,  were  struck  by  the  lightning 
and  the  former  was  killed. 

July  11. — The  foundation-stone  of  a  Jewish  Synagogue, 
was  laid  in  Temple-street,  Westgate,  Newcastle,  by  Mr.  Harris, 
on  which  occasion  the  Rabbi,  S.  Hoffnung,  delivered  a  sermon  in 
the  Hebrew  language.  The  building  is  of  stone  with  a  polished 
ashlar  front,  and  was  opened  for  service  on  the  19th  of  September 
in  the  same  year,  5,599,  being  New  Year's  Day,  according  to  the 
Jewish  calendar. 

July  16. — The  Supervisor  of  the  Morpeth  district  and  the 
officers  of  the  Long  Framlington  preventive  station,  in  their  route 
across  the  Tossen  hills,  discovered  an  illicit  distillery  in  full 
operation,  very  artfully  contrived  on  the  side  of  a  great  peat 
moss  called  Codley  Moss.  The  officers  only  discovered  one  man 
(an  irishman)  in  the  place,  who  was  committed  to  Morpeth  Gaol 
for  three  months  in  default  of  the  penalty  of  thirty  pounds. 

July  18. — A  swarm  of  bees  lighted  on  a  man  and  a  boy 
standing  near  the  Pack  Horse  Inn,  in  Morpeth,  during  the  market, 
their  faces  were  completely  covered.  A  hive  having  been  pro- 


94 


HISTORICAL    REGISTER    OF 


[A.D.  1838. 

cured  and  the  queen  bee  placed  in  it,  her  subjects  were  gradually 
attracted  from  their  curious  resting  place,  and  thus  the  parties 
escaped  unhurt,  much  to  the  satisfaction  of  crowds  who  were 
anxiously  waiting  the  result. 

1838  (July  25> — Died,  in  Newcastle  aged  100,  Mrs.  Elizabeth 
Lurasden. 

August  20. — The  eighth  annual  meeting  of  the  British 
Association  for  the  advancement  of  Science  was  held  in  Newcastle 
during  the  seven  days  extending  from  the  twentieth  to  the  twenty- 
sixth.  For  some  months  previous  great  and  important  preparations 
had  been  in  progress  in  order  to  do  honour  to  the  distinguished 
body  who  had  accepted  the  invitation  previously  given,  and  nothing 
was  omitted  which  could  in  any  way  effect  this  desirable  end.  The 
large  influx  of  strangers  which  was  expected  led  the  local  com- 
mittee to  make  some  enquiry  respecting  lodging  houses  for  their 
accommodation ;  but  this  resource  being  found  inadequate,  many 
gentlemen,  including  the  mayor  and  other  distinguished  and 
respectable  individuals,  offered  the  use  of  beds,  some  of  two  and 
others  of  three,  four,  and  even  five.  The  applications  for  tickets 
of  membership  by  residents  in  the  district  far  exceeded  tlie  estimate 
originally  formed,  and  they  at  last  became  so  numerous  that  it  was 
necessary  to  withhold  any  further  issue,  except  the  parties 
requiring  tickets  would  become  life  members,  or  consented  to 
receive  gratuitously  at  least  one  stranger  into  their  houses.  The 
Duke  of  Northumberland,  president  of  the  Association,  arrived  in 
Newcastle  with  his  duchess  on  the  18th,  and  took  up  his  residence 
with  R  .Leadbitter,  esq.,  in  Westmoreland  House,  Westgate-street, 


WESTMORELAND  HOUSE,  WESTGATE  STREET. 


A.D.  1838.]  REMAllKABLE    EVENTS.  95 

and  his  grace's  arrival  heralded  that  influx  of  distinguished  visitors 
from  all  parts  of  Europe  which  continued  up  to  the  time  of  opening 
the  proceedings.  The  various  sectional  meetings  assembled  each 
day  at  eleven  in  the  forenoon,  in  the  large  rooms  of  the  public 
institutions  of  the  town,  which  had  been  fitted  up  expressly  for  the 
occasion.  On  the  evening  of  the  22nd  the  Green  Market  was 
opened  for  promenade  conversation  and  refreshment,  and  presented 
a  most  brilliant  spectacle.  On  the  26th  the  concluding  general 
meeting  of  the  Association  took  place,  ending  a  week  of  important 
scientific  business,  unparalleled  of  its  kind.  1,391  tickets  had  been 
issued  to  resident  members,  and  895  to  strangers,  being  an 
aggregate  increase  of  446  over  the  members  at  Liverpool  in  the 
previous  year.  The  total  receipts  were  £2,410  15s.  The  Marquis 
of  Northampton  moved  a  vote  of  thanks  to  the  mayor  and  corpora- 
tion of  Newcastle  for  the  very  hospitable  reception  the  Association 
had  met  with  in  the  town  and  neighbourhood,  and  after  several 
other  complimentary  votes,  the  chairman  announced  the  termination 
of  the  meeting, 

1838  (August  24). — The  Durham  Junction  Railway  was  opened. 
The  railway  procession,  which  set  off  from  South  Shields,  con- 
sisted of  two  trains,  capable  of  accommodating  400  persons, 
amongst  which  were  many  distinguished  members  of  the  British 
Association.  The  sun  shone  brilliantly,  the  South  Shields  band 
played  the  national  air,  cannons  roared,  flags  waved  in  the  breeze, 
thousands  of  voices  sent  forth  a  shout  of  joy,  while  the  engines 
dragged  off  their  respective  trains  to  the  magnificent  Victoria 
Bridge,  built  at  a  cost  of  about  £35,000,  after  designs  and  under 
the  superintendence  of  T.  Elliott  Henderson,  esq.,  the  celebrated 
engineer.  The  bridge  has  four  main  arches,  respectively  of  160, 
144,  and  100  feet  span,  having  three  smaller  ones  on  each  side, 
the  length  of  the  bridge  being  270  yards,  and  its  height  from  the 
bed  of  the  river  157  feet.  The  bridge  was  designed  from  Tragans 
bridge  at  Alcantara,  and  occupied  716  working  days  in  building. 
To  view  this  sublime  object  the  company  descended  to  the  valley, 
where  the  eye  could  take  in  the  whole  at  one  view.  Indeed,  a 
scene  better  calculated  to  give  an  elevated  opinion  of  the  triumph 
of  genius  over  nature  can  scarcely  be  conceived.  The  company 
again  took  their  seats  and  proceeded  about  six  miles  further  on 
the  railway,  when  100  waggons  of  coals  from  Black  Boy  pit  (the 
property  of  the  marquis  of  Londonderry)  were  attached  to  a 
locomotive,  and  the  whole  procession  then  returned  to  Shields. 
All  was  pleasurable  excitement  until  the  Victoria  Bridge  was 
reached,  when  the  engine  of  the  second  train  ran  into  the  carriages 
attached  to  the  first,  and  some  serious  injuries  were  sustained  by 
the  passengers.  At  South  Shields,  a  splendid  cold  collation  was 
provided,  Robert  Ingham,  esq.,  in  the  chair,  after  which  success 
to  the  undertaking  was  drunk  with  much  enthusiasm. 

August  24, — Mr.  Brown,  the  aeronaut,  of  Sheffield,  made 
an  ascent  from  the  enclosure  in  Green-court,  Newcastle,  in  his 
splendid  balloon  "  The  North  Star."  The  gas  was  supplied  from 


96  HISTORICAL    REGISTER    OF  [A.D.    1838. 

Clayton-street  and  Newgate-street.  The  process  of  inflation  was 
completed  soon  after  three  o'clock,  and  the  cords  loosened  which 
restrained  its  aerial  flight.  The  balloon  cleared  the  houses 
beautifully  on  rising  and  then  proceeded  in  a  south-easterly  direc- 
tion, in  full  view  of  thousands  of  spectators  who  watched  its 
progress  with  intense  interest. 

1838  (August  26). — As  an  appropriate  sequel  to  the  gaiety  and 
splendour  of  the  previous  week,  a  magnificent  entertainment  was 
given  at  Ravensworth  Castle,  by  Lord  and  Lady  Ravensworth.  to 
upwards  of  five  hundred  distinguished  individuals,  including  all 
the  nobility  and  gentry  of  the  district,  the  learned  foreigners,  arid 
other  eminent  members  of  the  British  Association.  The  prepara- 
tions were  on  a  most  extensive  and  splendid  scale,  three  spacious 
and  elegant  apartments  having  been  fitted  up  expressly  for  the 
occasion,  in  which  was  exhibited  every  delicacy  of  the  season,  on 
massive  and  beautiful  plate  in  princely  profusion. 

August  28. — The  master  and  brethren  of  the  Trinity -house, 
Newcastle,  presented  the  freedom  of  that  corporation  in  silver 
boxes  to  Captains  Sir  George  Back  and  J.  C.  Ross,  R.N.,  for  their 
humane  attention  to  the  crews  of  the  whaling  ships  frozen  in  the 
ice  during  the  inclement  season  of  1837. 

September  1. — An  accident  occurred  at  the  Howdon  Pans 
colliery,  by  the  bursting  in  of  a  large  quantity  of  water,  by  which 
three  men  and  four  horses  lost  their  lives. 

September  2, — The  boiler  of  the  steam- tug  Vivid,  belonging 
to  a  family  named  Greener,  of  North  Shields,  exploded  in  the 
Tyne,  at  that  place,  by  which  two  young  men,  sons  of  the  owner, 
were  dreadfully  scalded  and  died  shortly  after  in  great  agony. 

September  2. — Thomas  Robson,  jun.,  of  Newbottle,  whilst 
bathing  near  the  village  of  Ryhope,  got  into  a  quicksand.  His 
brother  and  a  companion  who  witnessed  the  distressing  scene, 
having  in  vain  attempted  to  rescue  him,  applied  to  the  inhabitants 
of  the  village  for  assistance,  which  however  did  not  arrive  before 
life  was  extinct. 

September  4. — The  first  exhibition  of  the  Sunderland  Polytechnic 
Society  was  opened,  and  was  visited  during  that  and  subsequent 
days  by  most  of  the  leading  families  of  the  district.  The 
exhibition  embraced  numerous  works,  by  modern  artists,  archi- 
tects, and  mechanics,  of  paintings  in  every  branch  of  the  art, 
models  of  monuments,  bridges,  churches,  &c.  ;  and  also  of  many 
excellent  mechanical  inventions.  There  were  also  in  the  exhibi- 
tion numerous  specimens  of  stuffed  animals,  birds,  shells,  minerals, 
&c.,  of  the  most  interesting  description  to  the  naturalist.  In 
short,  the  exhibition  of  the  Sunderland  Polytechnic  Society, 
differed  from  every  other,  inasmuch  as  it  was  an  epitome  of  the 
best  and  most  captivating,  of  every  thing  that  could  be  brought 
together. 

September  4. — Thomas  Cowley.  a  pipemaker,  of  Gateshead, 
undertook,  for  a  trifling  wager,  to  leap  from  Newcastle  bridge 
into  the  Tyne  and  was  drowned.  A  more  successful  act  of  folly 
of  the  same  kind  was  perpetrated  in  September,  1850. 


97 


A,D.  1838.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS 

1838  (September  4). — It  having  been  determined  to  erect  the  Corn 
Market,  on  the  ground  occupied  by  the  Middle-street,  Newcastle, 
about  July  this  year,  the  old  houses  were  removed,  and  on  the 
above  day  the  foundation-stone  was  laid  by  the  mayor,  T.  E. 
Headlam,  esq  ,  in  the  presence  of  the  sheriff  and  most  of  the 
subscribers.  The  new  building  having  been  completed,  it  wag 
occupied  by  the  farmers  for  the  first  time,  on  Saturday  the  31st  of 
August,  1839.  The  architects  were  Messrs.  John  and  Benjamin 
Green. 


OLD  HOUSES,  HKAD  OP  MIDDLE  STREET, 
Removed  in  order  to  erect  the  Corn  Market  and  Town  Hall  Buildings. 

September  7.— The  Forfarshire  steamer,  of  about  400  tons 
burden,  under  the  command  of  John  Humble,  formerly  master  of 
the  Neptune,  of  Newcastle,  left  Hull  for  Dundee  on  the  5th  of 
September  in  a  very  unseaworthy  state.  On  the  6th,  when  in. 
Berwick  Bay,  having  encountered  a  heavy  sea,  she  was  forced  to 
put  back,  the  boilers  shortly  after  becoming  so  defective  that  she 
was  left  to  the  mercy  of  the  storm.  An  attempt  was  made  to  run 
the  vessel  between  the  Farn  Islands,  but  she  refused  to  answer  her 
helm,  and  at  three  o'clock  on  Friday  morning,  the  7th,  she  struck 
with  tremendous  force  against  the  Harkers  Rock,  about  half  a  mile 
from  the  Longstone  lighthouse,  on  the  Farn  Islands.  A  portion 
of  the  crew,  intent  only  on  self-preservation  had  lowered  the 
larboard  quarter  boat  and  left  the  ship.  Amongst  them  was  the 
first  mate,  James  Duncan,  who  has  since  published  his  own  version 
of  the  affair,  which  was  contradicted  by  the  evidence  of  some  of 
the  witnesses  on  the  inquest,  and  reflects  small  credit  on  himself  as 
a  seaman.  The  stroke  of  the  vessel  on  the  rock  was  regarded  as 
the  signal  of  death.  The  master  lost  all  self-possession,  and  his 

O 


<)g  niSTOttlCAL   REGISTER    OF  [A.D. 

wife,  who  was  on  hoard  with  him,  sought  in  cries  of  anguish  and 
despair  the  protection  which,  alas,  he  could  not  extend.  The 
cries  of  females  on  deck  mingled  with  the  roaring  of  the  ocean  and 
the  screams  of  the  wild  fowl,  disturbed  from  their  resting  place, 
whilst  the  men  clinging  to  the  vessel  awaited  in  silence  their 
inevitable  fate.  Most  of  the  cabin  passengers  were  below,  and 
many  of  them  asleep  in  their  berths.  As  soon  as  the  vessel  struck 
the  steward  ran  down  and  gave  an  alarm,  but  one  passenger  only7 
Mr.  Kuthven  Ritchie,  of  Ruthven  Hill,  Perthshire,  was  saved. 
On  being  awoke,  he  arose  instantly,  and  siezing  his  trousers, 
rushed  upon  deck,  from  whence,  observing  the  sailors  leaping  into 
the  boat,  he,  with  an  extraordinary  effort,  by  means  of  a  rope, 
swung  himself  into  it.  and  was  thus  miraculously  preserved.  The 
uncle  and  aunt  of  Mr.  Ritchie  made  a  desperate  effort  to  get  into- 
the  boat,  but  in  attempting  to  leap  on  board  they  fell  into  the  sea 
and  perished  in  his  sight.  The  escape  of  the  boat  was  remarkable. 
There  was  only  one  outlet  by  which  it  could  escape  being  dashed 
by  the  breakers  against  the  island,  and  that  outlet  was  taken 
without  the  parties  being  aware  of  it.  The  vessel  struck  aft  the 
paddle  boxes,  and  not  above  three  minutes  after  the  few  survivors 
had  rushed  on  deck  a  second  shock  separated  her  into  two  parts, 
the  stern  quarter  deck  and  cabin  being  instantly  carried  away, 
with  all  upon  them,  through  a  tremendous  current  called  the  Piper's 
Gut.  The  captain  stuck  to  the  wreck  till  washed  overboard  with 
his  wife  in  his  arms,  and  both  were  drowned.  The  situation  of 
the  few  passengers  who  remained  on  the  fore  part  of  the  vessel 
was  perilous  in  the  extreme.  Placed  on  a  small  rock  surrounded 
by  the  sea,  which  threatened  to  engulph  them,  they  were  clinging 
to  life  whilst  all  hope  of  relief  was  sinking  within  them,  and  crying 
for  help,  but  the  tempestuous  billows  drowned  their  feeble  shrieks, 
and  defied  their  puny  efforts  to  escape.  Their  cries,  however,  were 
not  unheard.  Their  shouts  of  distress  fell  upon  the  ear  of  Grace 
Horsley  Darling,  who,  with  her  father,  William  Darling,  occupied 
the  outer  Farn  lighthouse.  And  now  one  of  those  heroic  actions 
occurred  which  for  their  romantic  daring  are  remembered  for 
generations  with  admiration,  and  produced  a  burst  of  enthusiasm, 
throughout  Europe  for  the  humble  girl  who  performed  it.  She 
awakened  her  parent,  and  no  other  help  being  nigh,  those  two- 
heroic  persons  proceeded,  in  a  tempestuous  sea  to  the  spot.  It  is 
impossible  to  speak  too  highly  of  this  unparalleled  act  of  humanity, 
bravery,  and  disinterestedness.  Danger  presented  itself  in  a 
thousand  forms  on  every  hand — there  the  current  running  with 
fearful  impetuosity,  or  the  eddy  whirling  and  engulphing  all  within 
its  reach— mountains  of  water  bursting  in  wild  confusion,  or  the 
tempest  sweeping  the  spray  from  the  billow  as  it  rolled  along. 
This  perilous  achievement,  unexampled  in  the  feats  of  female 
fortitude  was  witnessed  by  the  survivors  in  silent  wonder,  and 
down  the  weather-beaten  cheek  of  one  old  seaman  stole  the  big 
round  tear  when  he  beheld  from  the  wreck  the  noble,  exertions  of 
a  young  female,  of  slender  appearance,  buffeting  the  storm  and 


A.D.  1838.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  99 

perilling  her  life  for  their  preservation.  By  a  dangerous  effort  the 
father  landed  on  the  rock,  and  the  frail  boat  was  preserved  from 
being  dashed  to  pieces  by  being  rowed  to  and  fro  among  the  awful 
abyss  of  water  by  the  noble-minded  girl.  At  length,  at  the  risk 
of  instant  destruction,  they  succeeded  in  removing  five  of  the  crew 
and  four  passengers — all  that  were  left  alive — and  the  exhausted 
sufferers  were  safely  carried  to  the  lighthouse,  where,  for  three 
days  and  three  nights,  their  wants  were  administered  to  by  the 
brave  family  to  whom  they  owed  their  lives.  The  captain — John 
Humble — his  wife,  and  about  forty-eight  others,  perished  with  the 
vessel,  and  for  some  time  afterwards  the  bodies  of  the  sufferers, 
with  portions  of  the  wreck,  were  thrown  upon  different  parts  of 
the  coast.  The  vessel  and  cargo  were  valued  at  £20,000.  The 
heroic  conduct  of  the  Darlings  excited  universal  admiration,  and 
meetings  on  the  subject  were  numerous ;  subscriptions  and  presen- 
tations of  monies  and  medals  flo'wed  from  all  quarters.  The 
magnanimous  girl,  however,  did  not  live  long  to  enjoy  the  fruits 
of  her  heroism.  She  expired  from  consumption  on  October  20th, 
1842,  aged  26  years,  and  was  interred  in  Bamborough  churchyard. 


BAMBOROUGH   CASTLE. 

September  10. — An  accident  occurred  this  evening,  in  the 
shop  of  Messrs.  Turnbull  &  Co.,  saddlers  and  ironmongers,  in  the 
Bigg-market,  Newcastle.  A  little  boy,  son  of  one  of  the  partners, 
was  playing  with  an  unloaded  gun,  when  a  spark  from  the  flint 
fell  into  a  drawer  containing  gunpowder  and  exploded,  it  blowing 
out  the  windows  with  tremendous  force,  and  dashing  every  square 
to  atoms.  A  boy  in  an  office  above  was  so  alarmed  that  he 
jumped  out  of  the  window  and  broke  his  arm. 

September  12. — Died,  at  Sweethope,  in  the  parish  of 
Thockrington,  Northumberland,  aged  101,  Violet  Ridley,  a  very 
eccentric  character. 


100  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  LA.D.    1838. 

1838  (Septemlcr  17).— Died,  at  Castle  Eden,  in  the  county  of 
Durham,  Rowland  Burdon,  esq.,  in  his  82d  year.  He  was  repre- 
sentative of  that  county  in  parliament  from  1790  to  1806.  To  his 
genuine  patriotism  that  magnificent  structure,  the  Sunderlarid 
bridge,  owes  its  existence.  Mr.  Burdon's  share  of  the  total  cost 
(£34,000)  having  been  no  less  than  £30,000.  The  bridge,  then 
considered  a  marvel  in  mechanics,  and  which,  even  at  this  day, 
can  never  be  beheld  without  surprise  and  admiration,  was  opened 
for  traffic  on  August  9th,  1796. 

September  29. — An  explosion  took  place  this  morning  on  board 
the  Charlotte,  Captain  John  Asterman,  when  lying  at  Seaharn, 
owing  to  an  accumulation  of  coal  gas  from  the  cargo.  Six  men 
were°very  seriously  burnt,  and  two  of  them  died  shortly  after. 

September. — One  day  this  month,  a  remarkably  fine  colley 
do0"  followed  the  union  coach  from  Cockburnspath  to  Newcastle. 
With  the  field  running  the  animal  was  computed  to  have  run  not 
less  than  130  miles. 

October  II. — The  town  and  neighbourhood  of  Newcastle  was 
visited  by  a  gale  of  wind,  which  was  attended  with  considerable 
destruction  of  property  and  loss  of  life.  A  large  chimney  in  course 
of  erection  at  the  soda  works  of  Messrs.  Kidley  and  Co.,  Ouseburn, 
Newcastle,  was  blown  down,  and  the  materials  falling  upon  a 
house  unoccupied,  buried  the  whole  in  a  mass  of  ruins.  At  St. 
Peter's  Quay,  nine  men  in  the  employ  of  Mr.  Wallace,  builder, 
Newcastle,  were  engaged  in  covering  a  shed  in  Messrs.  Shields 
and  Co.'s  factory,  the  wind  caught  the  roof  and  tore  it  completely 
off,  carrying  with  it  two  of  the  men,  one  named  William  Red- 
head died  shortly  after,  and  the  other  had  an  arm  and  a  leg 
broken.  At  Willington,  a  large  piece  of  timber  was  blown  from 
the  railway  viaduct,  and  fell  upon  a  blacksmith's  shop,  100  feet 
below,  passing  through  the  roof  and  breaking  the  handle  of  a 
hammer  with  which  the  smith  was  working.  Instead  of  expressing 
surprise,  the  eccentric  occupant  named  Wardle  coolly  took  up 
another  hammer  and  struck  the  iron  whilst  it  was  hot.  A  great 
number  of  serious  losses  occurred  at  sea.  The  northern  yacht 
steamer  sailed  from  the  Tyne  for  Edinburgh  with  ten  passengers 
and  a  crew  of  thirteen,  the  gale  which  had  blown  during  the 
whole  of  the  day  becoming  more  violent,  one  of  the  passengers, 
Mr,  Reay,  artist,  North  Shields,  was  put  on  shore  at  North 
Sunderland,  after  which  the  vessel  proceeded  through  the  Farn 
Islands,  and  was  never  more  seen.  On  the  13th  there  was  a 
heavy  fall  of  snow,  and  as  much  of  the  harvest  still  remained  in 
the  fields,  a  portion  of  the  crop  was  never  gathered  at  all. 

October  14. — A  coble  belonging  to  Shields,  with  five  pilots,  left 
Cullercoats,  and  on  trying  to  make  Shields  harbour  the  boat  upset 
and  they  were  all  drowned.  The  shrieks  of  the  sufferers  were 
heard  by  the  sentries  on  duty  at  the  battery,  but  they  could  not 
render  any  assistance.  Their  names  were  Martin  and  Peter 
Lawson  (brothers),  a  father  and  son  named  Nevins,  and  a  youth 
named  Philips. 


A.D.    1838.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  101 

1838  (October  23).— Married,  at  Harrington  Hall,*Robert  Eden 
Buncombe,  eldest  son  of  R.  E.  D.  Shaftoe,  esq.,  of  Whitworth 
Park,  Durham,  to  Charlotte  Rosa,  daughter  of  the  late  Wm. 
Baring,  esq.,  of  Lulvvorth. 

November  8. — Ralph  Stanley,  a  pitman,  belonging  to  Holywell 
colliery,  died  from  the  effects  of  a  wound  in  the  abdomen,  inflicted 
during  a  quarrel  with  Joseph  Purdie,  a  farm  servant.  It  appeared 
that  Purdie  was  returning  from  Morpeth  fair,  where  he  had  pur- 
chased a  sword  stick.  Several  others  of  his  friends  were  with 
him.  When  they  arrived  at  the  Astley  Arms  public  house,  near 
Cramlington,  they  were  joined  by  the  deceased,  who  had  some  ale 
with  them.  After  leaving  the  Astley  Arms  a  quarrel  ensued,  and 
Stanley  wished  to  have  possession  of  the  stick.  During  the  quarrel, 
Stanley  received  a  wound  in  the  abdomen,  extending  to  the  depth 
of  six  inches.  He  was  observed  to  strike  twice  at  Purdie  before 
he  fell.  Verdict — Manslaughter  against  Purdie,  who  was  acquitted 
at  the  following  assizes. 

November  9. — The  following  gentlemen  were  elected  mayors 
and  sheriffs: — Newcastle — John  Fife,  esq.,  mayor;  William 
Brownsword  Proctor,  esq.,  sheriff.  Gateshead — John  Barras, 
esq,,  mayor.  Durham — Thomas  Greenwell,  esq.,  mayor.  Sunder- 
land — Joseph  Simpson,  esq.,  mayor.  Stockton — Thomas  Jennett, 
esq.,  mayor.  Morpeth — Thomas  Jobling,  esq.,  mayor.  Berwick — 
Robt.  Marshall,  esq.,  mayor ;  John  Wilson,  esq.,  sheriff. 

November  9. — Newcastle,  and  the  North  of  England  generally, 
commenced  receiving  benefit  from  the  newly  opened  railways 
between  London,  Liverpool,  and  Manchester,  by  additional 
facilities  being  afforded  in  the  transmission  of  letters  per  mail. 
The  departures  and  arrivals  being  twice  each  day  instead  of  once 
as  heretofore. 

November  10. — There  were,  at  this  period,  117  vessels  building 
on  the  river  Wear  at  Sunderland,  the  average  tonnage  of  which 
it  was  calculated  would  equal  250  tons. 

November. — Died,  at  Brompton,  near  London,  aged  63,  Mr. 
Charlton  Nesbit,  wood  engraver.  Mr.  Nesbit  was  a  native  of 
Swalvvell,  and  one  of  the  earliest  pupils  of  the  late  celebrated 
Thomas  Bewick.  He  was  highly  distinguished  in  his  profession. 

November  11. — Died,  at  Bishop wearmouth,  aged  103,  Mrs. 
Susannah  Davis. 

November  24. — Died,  at  his  house,  in  Cumberland-row, 
Newcastle,  aged  43,  Mr.  George  Blythe  Butler,  for  many  years  a 
favourite  comedian  on  the  Newcastle  boards. 

November  24. — The  body  of  a  woman,  named  Eleanor 
Brownlee,  103  years  old,  well  known  at  Gateshead  Fell  and  the 
surrounding  districts,  was  found  in  Ravensworth  woods,  in  a  state 
of  advanced  decomposition.  She  had  long  travelled  the  country 
with  a  basket  containing  pots  and  nuts,  and  it  was  supposed  she 
had  died  on  the  10th  inst.,  on  which  day  she  applied  at  a  farmer's 
house  in  the  neighbourhood  for  a  lodging  during  a  heavy  rain,  and 
was  refused. 


102  HISTORICAL    REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1833. 

1838  (December  7). — About  two  o'clock  this  morning  a  fire  was 
discovered  in  the  waiting  room  of  the  Savings  Bank,  in  the 
Arcade,  Newcastle,  but  the  fire-engines  being  promptly  brought 
to  the  spot,  the  flames  were  subdued  with  but  trifling  damage. 
The  police,  on  proceeding  to  examine  the  premises,  were  horror- 
struck  to  find  the  body  of  a  man  lying  extended  on  the  hearth  ru^ 
in  front  of  the  fireplace.  Lights  having  been  procured,  a  sickening 
spectacle  presented  itself.  On  turning  over  the  body,  which  was 
that  of  Joseph  Millie,  assistant  clerk  of  the  institution,  the  features 
were  found  to  be  knocked  in,  the  left  jaw  and  cheek  bone  were 
broken,  and  the  skull  bore  no  less  than  twenty  distinct  wounds, 
some  of  them  several  inches  in  length.  There  were  three  large 
gashes  on  the  left  temple,  and  the  skull  was  literally  smashed  to  a 
jelly.  The  hearth  rug  was  saturated  with  blood,  and  blood,  brains, 
and  hair  bespattered  the  wainscotting  and  walls.  A  poker  con- 
siderably bent  was  lying  beside  him,  and  the  pockets  of  the 
unfortunate  man  were  stuffed  with  several  pounds  weight  of  coal 
and  paper,  apparently  the  more  readily  to  destroy  by  fire  all  traces 
of  the  horrid  deed.  On  the  other  side  of  the  room  was  next 
discovered  the  body  of  Archibald  Bolam,  the  actuary  of  the  bank, 
who  was  reclining  on  one  arm,  apparently  half  insensible,  with  a 
plaid  wrapped  round  him,  and  blood  slowly  trickling  from  a  wound 
in  his  neck.  Surgical  aid  having  been  procured,  he  was  conveyed 
on  a  chair  to  the  house  of  Mr.  Glenton,  Pilgrim-street,  and  shortly 
after  he  gave  the  following  account  of  the  shocking  affair.  He 
stated  to  Mr.  Alderman  Dunn  and  William  Woods,  esq.,  that  he 
had  lately  received  one  or  two  anonymous  letters,  threatening 
bodily  harm,  at  his  dwelling  at  Gateshead,  and  that  on  Thursday 
evening  one  had  been  put  under  the  bank  door.  In  consequence 
of  this  he  went  over  to  Gateshead,  leaving  the  bank  unoccupied, 
Millie  having  gone  to  tea.  When  he  returned,  he  found  the  door 
as  he  had  left  it,  and  on  entering  the  room  saw  Millie  lying  on  the 
hearth  rug.  This,  he  said,  did  riot  surprise  him,  as  Millie  also  had 
a  key,  and  he  imagined  that  he  had  laid  himself  down  to  sleep. 
He  went  towards  his  own  desk,  but  while  in  the  act  of  opening  it 
he  was  struck,  as  with  a  fist,  on  the  right  temple,  and  turning 
round  found  the  blow  had  been  dealt  by  a  man  with  his  face 
blackened  and  otherwise  disguised.  He  then  rushed  shouting  to 
the  window,  when  the  man  threatened  him  with  the  same  fate  as 
that  of  Millie.  Continuing  his  outcry,  the  man  knocked  him 
down  and  he  felt  a  cutting  at  his  throat.  He  then  became 
insensible,  and  on  recovering  he  heard  the  footsteps  of  a  man  in 
the  waiting  room,  but  durst  not  make  any  outcry,  and  shortly 
after  the  smoke  again  deprived  him  of  consciousness.  The  news 
of  this  extraordinary  tragedy  soon  spread  through  the  town, 
creating  an  unparalleled  excitement,  and  long  before  the  time  of 
the  inquest  the  Blue  Posts,  in  Pilgrim-street,  and  all  approaches 
thereto,  were  crowded  to  excess.  At  this  examination,*  Bolam, 
the  eldest  son  of  Millie,  and  others,  were  examined.  Bolam's 
statement  was  but  an  amplification  of  that  before  elicited,  but  it 


A.D.  1838.] 


REMARKABLE    EVENTS. 


103 


appearing  so  incredible  he  was  confined  in  the  gaol.  On  the 
succeeding  morning  (Saturday),  the  publication  of  the  evidence 
produced  a  general  approbation  of  the  measures  adopted  by  the 
coroner,  and  the  current  of  suspicion  set  in  strongly  against  the 
accused.  The  country  people  attending  the  markets  thronged  in 
great  nnrnbers  to  the  scene  of  the  murder,  and  handbills  were 
posted,  offering  a  reward  of  £100  for  the  discovery  of  the 
perpetrator  of  the  deed.  Public  opinion,  too,  was  in  full  sway, 
and  various  rumours  were  afloat  respecting  the  present  and  past 
life  of  Bolam.  On  Wednesday,  December  12,  the  inquest  was 
resumed  and  the  examination  of  witnesses  was  continued  on 


JOSEPH   MILLIR. 

Thursday  and  Friday,  when  the  jury  at  length  returned  a  verdict 
of  "  Wilful  murder  against  Archibald  Bolam,"  the  statements  of 
his  housekeeper,  Mary  Walker,  had  been  so  contradictory  that 
she  was  given  into  custody,  and  afterwards  examined  privately 
by  Alderman  Batson,  but  no  new  facts  were  obtained,  and  she 
was  in  conseqence  discharged.  About  a  month  after,  however, 
she  was  again  apprehended  and  committed  to  prison  as  an 
accessary  after  the  fact,  but  was  eventually  liberated.  The 
greatest  excitement  prevailed  during  the  period  of  preparation  for 
the  trial.  March  at  length  arrived,  and  on  the  morning  of  the 
fourth,  at  half-past  six,  the  prisoner  was  conveyed  from  the  gaol 
to  the  Guildhall.  Long  before  the  hour  of  trial  the  populace  had 


104 


HISTORICAL    REGISTER  OF 


[A.D..1838. 


place   in  any  part    of   the  court  was  left   unoccupied 
Mr      fcL  and  Mr.  Knowles,  the  prisoners  waned,   occupied 
fl  e    ri  ht   of  the  judge's    seat,    the  prosecuting    counsel    placed 


INTERIOR  OF  SAVINGS'  BANK. 


GROUND  PLAN  OF  SAVINGS'  BANK. 


themselves  on  the  left.  Close  by  were  Mr.  Swinburne,  the 
solicitor  for  the  prisoner,  Mr.  J.  T.  Hoyle,  the  solicitor  for  the 
crown,  Sir  Gregory  Lewin,  the  public  prosecutor,  Dr.  Lynch,  the 
medical  adviser,  and  other  functionaries  of  import.  Precisely  as 
the  clock  of  the  court  struck  nine.  Baron  Parke,  the  presiding 
judge,  took  his  seat,  accompanied  by  his  colleague  Baron 


A.D.  1838.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS  105 

Alderson,  with  the  mayor  and  sheriff  of  the  town.  In  a  few 
minutes  the  accused,  dressed  in  a  suit  of  black,  was  brought  into 
court,  attended  by  the  officers  of  police.  He  slowly  ascended  the 
steps  leading  to  the  bar,  where,  shrunken,  subdued,  and  alter- 
nated, he  bowed  low  to  the  tribunals.  The  prisoner's  counsel 
having  applied  for  the  postponement  of  the  trial  until  the  summer 
assizes,  when  the  prisoner  would  have  the  benefit  of  a  jury  selected 
from  distant  parts  of  the  county,  and  when  the  excitement  would 
probably  in  some  degree  have  subsided.  After  some  discussion 
with  the  counsel  for  the  prosecution  (Sir  G.  Lewin,  Mr.  Wortley, 
and  Mr.  Granger),  the  postponement  was  granted,  and  Bolam 
having  pleaded  at  the  Moot  Hall,  was  transferred  to  Morpeth 


ARCHIBALD  BOLAM. 

goal.  Precisely  at  a  quarter- past  nine  on  the  morning  of  the 
30th  of  July,  1839,  this  extraordinary  case  come  on  for  trial  before 
Baron  Maule,  the  counsel  being  the  same  as  on  the  previous 
occasion.  The  prisoner  was  then  placed  at  the  bar,  and  bowing 
respectfully  took  up  a  position  with  both  hands  resting  on  the 
front  of  the  dock.  The  evidence  brought  forward  was  purely 
circumstantial,  but  the  points  which  bore  most  strongly  against 
the  prisoner  were  the  trivial  nature  of  the  wounds  and  blows  he  had 
received  compared  with  those  of  Millie,  his  pretended  insensibility  but 
real  watchfulness  and  cunning  when  found  in  the  premises,  theincom- 
patability  of  his  statements  on  the  morning  of  the  murder, 
with  all  the  known  facts  of  the  case,the  want  of  correspondence 

p 


106  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [>.T>.    1838. 

between  some  cuts  on  his  coat  with  those  on  his  waistcoat,  and  of 
both  with  several  superficial  scratches  on  his  body  winch  he  stated 
,a.l  been  made  by  the  «  black  man,"  the  remarkable  fact  that  no 
c  ts  were  to  be  found  in  his  plaid,  though  it  covered  his  body 
when  found,  and  had  never,  he  said,  been  removed  since  he 
returned  to  the  bank,  the  utter  absence  of  blood  upon  the  spot 
where  he  said  he  had  been  lying  for  several  hours;  the  appearance 
of  blood  upon  the  sleeve  of  his  C9at,  and  the  clear  evidence  that  it 
had  been  attempted  to  be  removed  by  water,  the  prevarications  ot 
Mary  Walker  as  to  the  hour  at  which  he  visited  his  house  on  the 
evening  previous  to  the  murder,  her  admissions  as  to  him  sponging 
his  sleeves,  and  many  other  points,  in  which  his  or  her  statements 
were  contradicted  by  others.  The  whole  of  the  evidence  having 
been  gone  through,  the  court  was  adjourned  until  the  following 
morning  at  nine  o'clock,  when  the  prisoner  was  again  placed  at  the 
bar.  Profound  silence  reigned  in  the  spacious  hall,  while  Mr. 
Dundas  addressed  the  jury  for  the  defence,  in  a  speech  of  upwards 
of  two  hours  and  a  half  duration,  in  which  the  most  forcible  facts 
adduced  by  the  prosecution,  were  attempted  to  be  explained  away. 
On  the  conclusion  of  the  defence,  the  prisoner  seemed  much 
affected,  and,  indeed,  the  impassioned  eloquence  of  the  speaker  had 
not  failed  to  produce  very  material  effect  upon  everyone  in  court. 
The  judge  then  proceeded  to  sum  up,  and  in  a  manner  so  highly 
favourable  to  the  prisoner,  as  to  excite  considerable  surprise  amongst 
both  the  bar  and  the  public.  Indeed,  his  whole  address  was  more 
like  a  speech  for  the  prisoner  than  a  review  of  the  evidence.  The 
jury  then  retired,  and  after  an  absence  of  three  hours,  brought  in 
a  verdict  of  manslaughter.  On  the  following  day  he  was  brought 
up  for  judgment,  and  after  a  solemn  asseveration  by  him  of  his 
perfect  innocence,  he  was  sentenced  to  transportation  for  life. 
The  prisoner's  only  remark  was  "  My  Lord,  I  regard  that  sentence 
as  my  death."  The  trial  created  a  greater  sensation  throughout 
the  Kingdom  than  any  case  since  that  of  Burke  at  Edinburgh. 
Bolam  was  shortly  after  removed  to  the  hulks,  and  sailed  for 
Australia  on  the  16th  October,  1839. 

1838  (December  19). — A  serious  explosion  occurred  this  evening 
in  Wallsend  colliery,  near  Newcastle.  The  disaster  fortunately 
occurred  at  a  period  when  few  workmen  were  in  the  mine,  but  the 
whole  of  them,  eleven  in  number,  perished. 

December. — During  this  month,  a  person  in  the  employment  of 
Mr.  Bedlington,  brewer,  of  Ovingham,  was  driving  his  horse, 
which  was  a  blind  one,  from  that  place  to  Wylam.  The  road  is  close 
to  the  river — in  some  parts  dangerously  so — and  the  horse  and 
cart,  by  some  accident,  were  overturned  into  the  river  down  a 
steep  bank,  the  stream  running  strong  at  the  time.  The  man, 
however,  perceiving  his  horse  and  cart  right  side  up,  began  to  pilot 
his  blind  companion  out  of  his  dangerous  position  ;  this  he  accom- 
plished as  he  walked  along  the  bank  with  the  well-known  "  heck" 
and  "  gee,"  and,  after  guiding  his  steps  for  a  quarter  of  a  mile 
along  the  river,  he  had  the  gratification  of  landing  him  safely  on 


A.D.   1839-]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  107 

shore,  nothing  the  worse  for  his  extraordinary  adventure.  It  is 
remarkable  that  a  little  boy,  who  was  riding  in  the  cart  at  the  time 
of  the  accident,  and  was  found  amongst  the  bushes  on  the  bank, 
received  no  injury,  beyond  a  few  scratches. 

1839  (January  7). — The  North  of  P^ngland  was  visited  by  a 
tempest,  which,  as  regarded  resistless  fury  and  appaling  magnitude, 
had  not  been  equalled  in  this  part  of  the  country,  and  which  bore 
a  closer  resemblance  to  a  west  Indian  tornado  than  the  storms 
which,  however  fierce,  visit  the  temperate  regions  of  our  globe. 
Soon  after  midnight,  the  wind  shifted  from  S.  to  W.S.W.,  and 
gradually  increased  in  fury  until  about  six  o'clock  in  the  morning, 
when  its  violence  was  perfectly  frightful.  It  is  impossible  to 
describe  the  sensation  felt  during  this  period.  Impenetrable 
darkness  veiled  the  face  of  nature,  and  when  a  sudden  crash 
awoke  the  inmates  of  a  dwelling,  they  knew  not  where  to  look  for 
shelter  amidst  the  ruin  which  surrounded  them.  At  length  morning 
dawned  on  a  scene  of  devastation,  such  as  few  have  witnessed. 
Bricks,  slates,  and  tiles,  in  broken  fragments,  lay  scattered  over 
the  streets  in  every  direction,  as  if  the  town  had  stood  a  siege. 
No  one  ventured  abroad  that  could  possibly  avoid  it,  and  every 
thoroughfare  was  literally  deserted.  The  injury  done  to  public 
buildings  in  Newcastle  was  very  great.  The  Infirmary  had  three 
stacks  of  chimneys  blown  down.  The  roof  of  the  west  wing  was 
almost  stripped,  and  twelve  large  trees  in  the  garden  were 
uprooted.  At  the  Museum,  a  sheet  of  lead  weighing  nearly  two 
tons  Avas  torn  from  the  roof  and  carried  for  upwards  of  100  yards. 
St.  Thomas'  Church  had  four  pinnacles  destroyed.  Much  appre- 
hension was  at  one  time  entertained  for  the  safety  of  the  beautiful 
steeple  of  St.  Nicholas,  but  it  withstood  the  tempest  admirably. 
The  balustrades  of  the  Royal  Arcade  were  completely  destroyed, 
and  the  glass  domes  on  the  roof  were  more  or  less  broken.  The 
Grey  Monument  was  observed  to  rock  to  and  fro  when  the  storm 
was  at  its  height,  but  it  suffered  no  injury.  A  tall  chimney  attached 
to  the  brew- house  of  Mr.  Strachau,  Ba.rras- bridge,  betvveeen  fifty 
and  sixty  feet  in  height,  fell  with  a  fearful  crash  upon  the  work- 
shops of  Messrs.  Burnup  and  Co.,  much  to  the  consternation  of 
the  men,  who  however  escaped.  A  tall  chimney  at  Elswick  Lead 
Works,  another  at  Mr.  Burt's  Steam  Mill,  in  Thornton-Street,  and 
a  third  at  Mr.  Davidson's,  Tobacco  Manufactory,  in  the  Side, 
were  blown  down.  The  bark  mill  of  Mr.  Beaumont,  in  Darn 
Crook,  also  received  much  injury,  the  wands  of  the  mill  being 
torn  off  with  great  violence,  and  after  hovering  a  little  time  in 
the  air,  fell  into  St.  Andrew's  church-yard  with  a  tremendous 
crash.  A  shed,  upwards  of  three  stories  high,  belonging  to  Mr. 
Arundel,  skinner,  Gallowgate,  was  completely  demolished.  A 
sheet  of  lead,  weighing  18  cwt.  2  qrs.  14  lb.,  was  torn  from  the 
top  of  Mr.  Baird's  house  in  Northumberland-street,  passed  a  few- 
inches  above  the  head  of  a  person  near  the  spot,  and  was  driven, 
with  such  violence  against  the  house  of  Mrs.  Coward,  on  the 
opposite  side  of  the  street,  that  the  glass  frames  and  shutters  of 


108 


HISTORICAL    REGISTER  OP  [>.D.  1839. 


two  windows  were  shivered  to  fragments.  The  inmates,  who  were 
in  the  parlour,  perceiving  the  lead  coming,  rushed  out  and  escaped 
unhurt.  At  Byker,  owing  to  the  high  position  of  the  village,  the 
damage  to  property  was  very  great,  and  a  little  girl  was  killed  by 
the  overturning  of  a  waggon.  The  river  presented  an  extraordi- 
nary spectacle,  and  it  may  be  noticed  as  one  of  the  most  striking 
evidences  of  the  violence  of  the  wind,  that  at  the  proper  time  of 
high  water,  the  tide  had  not  risen  more  than  six  inches  above 
low  water  mark.  The  Fox  steamboat  was  blown  from  its 
moorings,  driven  against  the  bridge,  and  sunk.  It  is  truly 
wonderfuly  that  in  such  a  scene  of  devastation  as  the  town 
presented,  so  few  injuries  should  have  been  sustained  by  indi- 
viduals. A  female,  however,  of  the  name  of  Hodgson  had  her 
arm  broken  in  consequence  of  being  driven  by  the  wind  against 
a  wall,  and  a  man  na-ned  Hugh  Hutchinson  was  thrown  down  and 
rolled  over  and  over  like  a  ball  for  some  distance.  There  were 
several  other  persons  thrown  down  during  the  day  in  various  parts 
of  the  town.  In  G-ateshead  the  storm  raged  with  even  more 
serious  effects  than  in  Newcastle.  Nearly  every  house  upon  the 
Fell  was  unroofed  or  otherwise  injured.  The  beautiful  chimney 
of  the  Brandling  Junction  Railway  Company,  115  feet  in  height, 
was  blown  down,  and  a  man  named  Henry  Hawks  had  one  of  his 
legs  broken.  A  chimney  at  Messrs.  Abbot  and  Co.'s,  75  feet 
high,  fell  with  a  fearful  crash,  and  a  man  named  John  Errick  was 
killed,  while  another  person  narrowly  escaped.  Scotswood  bridge 
was  impassable  throughout  the  day,  and  a  man  who  attempted  to 
traverse  it  on  his  hands  and  knees  was  blown  against  the  chains  and 
had  his  arms  broken.  The  destruction  of  trees  in  the  country  was 
prodigious.  At  Chopwell,  upwards  of  20,000  trees  were  uprooted. 
Capheaton,  Blagdon,  Woolsington,  Fenham,  and  many  other  seats 
were  extensively  injured.  The  most  distressing  accident  occurred  at 
the  house  of  Mr.  Orange,  stationer,  Bedford-street,  North  Shields. 
Mrs.  Orange  and  the  servant  were  in  the  kitchen,  and  what  is 
remarkable,  almost  an  instant  before  the  catastrophe,  she  inquired 
whether  the  servant  remembered  the  wind  that  occasioned  the  fall 
of  Mr.  Spence's  chimney  three  years  ago,  and  before  an  answer 
could  be  given,  a  stack  of  chimneys  fell  upon  the  roof,  carrying 
down  the  upper  story  and  burying  Mrs.  Orange  in  the  ruins.  She  was 
quite  dead  when  got  out ;  the  servant  escaped.  In  Sunderland, 
the  large  chimney  attached  to  Mr.  Richardson's  steam  mill,  was 
blown  down,  and  two  men  named  Robson  and  Moore  (brothers-in- 
law),  were  killed  on  the  spot,  and  a  third  had  his  leg  broken.  At 
Morpeth,  the  hurricane  did  considerable  damage,  unroofing  many 
houses,  blowing  down  chimneys,  &c.  The  Royal  Victoria  Pavilion, 
belonging  to  u  Billy  Purvis,"  standing  in  Oldgate-street,  was 
shivered  to  pieces,  the  scenery,  dresses,  &c.,  blowing  about  the 
streets  in  all  directions.  Upwards  of  250  trees  were  uprooted  in 
the  park  and  grounds  about  Alnwick  Castle,  It  is  impossible  to 
enumerate  the  whole  of  the  disasters  which  occurred  during  this 
fearful  hurricane,  the  foregoing  being  but  a  few  of  the  more  striking 
casualties. 


A.D.  1839.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  109 

1839  (January  7). — The  storm  had  scarcely  ceased  to  vent  its 
fury  on  the  town  of  Newcastle,  when  a  fire  broke  out  in  the 
shop  of  Mr.Cowper,  grocer,  Grainger-street,  which  completely 
destroyed  the  stock  and  fixtures,  but  the  property  was  saved  by 
exertions  of  the  the  firemen. 

January  7. — Married,  in  London,  Rowland  Errington,  esq.,  of 
Sandhoe,  Northumberland,  second  son  of  Sir  T.  Massey  Stanley, 
bart..  to  Julia,  eldest  daughter  of  General  Sir  John  MacDonald. 

January  7. — Died,  at  his  residence,  Old  Brathey,  Windermere, 
aged  70,  Thos.  Stamp,  esq,,  post  captain  in  her  majesty's  royal 
navy.  Captain  Stamp  was  a  native  of  Sunderland,  a  gallant 
officer,  and  conspicuous  in  most  of  the  engagements  during  the  late 
war.  Whilst  on  a  cruise  in  the  Mediterranean  he  had  a  tame  lion 
on  board,  which  used  to  follow  him  in  his  walks  on  the  quarter 
deck  like  a  lap  dog,  without  any  apprehension  of  danger  by  the 
crew. 

January  15. — An  alarming  fire  took  place  at  the  Wear  Glass 
Works,  Sunderland,  Messrs.  Hartley's  manufactory,  which 
destroyed  one  of  the  pot  rooms  and  large  packing  room,  and  con- 
sumed about  £2,000  worth  of  property  in  glass  and  pots. 

January  15. — That  portion  of  the  Brandling  Junction  Railway, 
extending  from  Redheugh  to  the  depot  at  the  east  end  of  Hillgate, 
Gateshead,  was  opened  amidst  a  great  concourse  of  spectators. 

February  15. — An  explosion  of  gunpowder  took  place  in  the 
ancient  Keep  of  the  Castle,  of  Newcastle.  It  appeared  that  the 
occupier,  Mr.  Shipley,  had  been  casting  bullets  for  an  acquaintance, 
when  some  powder  became  ignited  and  exploded  with  considerable 
violence,  knocking  down  the  partition  wall  and  setting  fire  to  a 
number  of  muskets  belonging  to  the  yeomanry  corps,  and  other 
things  in  the  apartment.  By  the  assistance  of  the  police,  the  fire 
was  got  under  without  much  damage.  Mr.  Shipley  escaped 
comparatively  unhurt. 

March  4. — On  Monday  night,  about  half-past  eleven  o'clock, 
a  dreadful  alarm  of  fire  was  created  in  the  neighbourhood  of 
East  Percy-street,  North  Shields.  A  lady  was  retiring  to  rest, 
when  she  saw  the  flames  ascending,  and  supposing  it  to  proceed 
from  a  garden-house,  the  property  of  Mr.  Robinson,  brewer,  she 
sent  her  servant  out  who  awoke  several  of  the  neighbours,  and 
amongst  them  some  of  Mr.  Robinson's  men,  when  it  was  dis- 
covered that  a  stack  of  hay,  the  property  of  Messrs.  Pow  and 
Falcus,  was  on  fire,  which  burnt  with  unabated  fury  until  it  was 
consumed.  The  fire  was  supposed  to  be  the  work  of  an  incendiary. 

March  19. — A  dreadful  accident  occurred  on  the  Clarence 
Railway.  The  passenger  train  from  Crowtrees  to  Stockton,  had 
reached  the  curve  on  Mainsforth  Carrs,  near  Bishop  Middleham, 
when  the  engine  was  thrown  off  the  line,  and  precipitated  over 
the  embankment.  The  passengers  escaped  uninjured,  but  the 
engineman,  fireman,  and  guard  were  killed  by  the  engine  rolling 
upon  them.  Assistance  had  to  be  obtained  to  dig  the  sufferers 
out  from  beneath  the  ponderous  machine,  when  their  bodies  were 


110  HISTORICAL    REGISTER    OF  [A.D.   1839, 

found  so  horribly  mutilated  as  to  render  it  a  task  of  considerable 
diiliculty  to  remove  them. 

1839  (March  20). — This  day  the  banking  house  of  Sir  Matthew- 
White  Ridley,  bart.,  and  Co.,  was  incorporated  with  the  North- 
umberland and  Durham  District  Banking  Company.  The 
Newcastle  bank  was  the  second  provincial  bank  established  in 
England,  having  followed  that  of  Pease,  Liddell,  and  Co.,  of 
Hull,  and  had  been  established  eighty-four  years.  Few  institutions 
of  the  kind  had  obtained  a  higher  degree  of  public  favour  and 
confidence.  The  senior  partner,  Sir  Matthew  White  Ridley,  bart., 
having  retired,  the  other  members  of  the  firm,  Mr.  C.  W.  Bigge, 
Mr.  W.  Boyd,  Mr.  C.  J.  Bigge,  Mr.  R.  Boyd,  and  Mr.  Spedding, 
became  large  proprietors  in  the  united  establishment.  The  notes 
of  the  old  bank  were  withdrawn,  and  the  circulation  became 
exclusively  that  of  the  bank  of  England.* 

March  "22. — One  of  the  boats  belonging  to  the  Grenville 
Bay  whaler,  of  Newcastle,  was  manned  under  the  direction  of 
Captain  Taylor,  and  proceeded  to  the  Narrows,  at  the  mouth  of 
the  Tyne,  to  make  experiments  with  some  guns  which  were  con- 
structed by  Mr.  William  Greener,  of  Newcastle,  for  the  purpose 
of  harpooning  whales.  The  result  of  the  experiment  showed  that 
a  harpoon  of  12  Ibs.  weight  can  be  propelled  to  a  distance  of  40 
yards  with  certainty,  having  a  f  inch  rope  attached,  consequently 
a  fish  may  be  thus  secured  when  it  would  be  impossible  to  strike 
it  with  the  hand. 

April  8. — Died,  in  the  Circus-lane,  Forth,  Newcastle,  Serjeant 
William  Fraser,  who  had  served  23  years  in  6th  Dragoon  Guards, 
and  20  years  in  the  Newcastle  and  Northumberland  Volunteer 
Cavalry.  He  was  interred  with  military  honours  in  the  burial 
ground  of  St.  Andrew's  church.  The  deceased  claimed  to  be  heir 
male  of  Simon  Fraser,  Lord  Lovat,  beheaded  in  the  Scotch 
rebellion.  Had  his  claim  been  taken  up  in  time  and  by  influential 
parties,  it  is  possible  that  the  title  might  have  been  obtained  for 
him. 

April  10.— As  the  train  on  the  Newcastle  and  Carlisle 
Railway  was  passing  Hallowell  Dean,  near  Hexham,  a  cinder 
from  the  chimney  of  the  engine  fell  on  a  thatched  cattle  shed 
belonging  to  Mr.  Bell,  of  that  place,  and  although  immediate 
assistance  was  given,  the  shed  was  completely  destroyed. 

April  19. — The  first  number  of  the  "  Port  of  Tyne  Pilot" 
newspaper  was  published  at  No.  7,  Dean-street,  South  Shields. 
It  was  discontinued  on  December  30,  1842. 

April  20. — Two  stacks  of  hay  and  one  of  straw,  belonging 
to  the  Rev.  Robert  Goodenough,  vicar  of  Whittingharn,  were 
destroyed  by  fire,  and  there  was  every  reason  to  believe  that  it 
was  the  act  of  an  incendiary. 

April  22. — An  explosion  of  fire  damp  took  place  at  Whitley 
colliery,  and  one  man  named  Thomas  Harding  was  severely 
burnt. 

*  See  Sykes,  August  22,  1755. 


A.D.  1839.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  Ill 

1839(-4/>n726). — The  merchant  vessel  Ida,  Captain  John  Currie, 
the  property  of  Messrs.  Johnson  and  Cargill  of  Newcastle,  arrived 
in  the  Tyne  from  the  East  Indies  with  a  valuable  cargo  of  sugar, 
sulphur,  hides,  rice,  &c.  This  was  the  first  vessel  that  had  ever 
been  bound  direct  from  India  to  Newcastle,  and  her  arrival  excited 
much  interest  among  the  mercantile  community.  The  bells  of 
St.  Nicholas  rang  a  merry  peal  in  honour  of  the  event. 

April  30. — As  police  constable  No.  17,  Robert  Bartram, 
was  on  duty  near  the  Postern  about  3  o'clock  in  the  morning,  he 
heard  cries  as  of  a  female  in  distress,  and  on  approaching  the  grate 
of  a  common  sewer,  he  saw  a  woman  underneath.  Implements 
having  been  obtained,  the  grate  was  lifted,  and  she  was  extricated 
in  a  most  deplorable  condition.  Her  name  was  Margaret  Scott, 
and  she  must  have  wandered  through  the  sewers  for  a  considerable 
distance. 

April. — This  month  "The  Newcastle  and  Hamburg  Steam 
Shipping  Company"  was  established.  One  of  the  company's 
vessels  named  the  Clyde,  the  first  steam  vessel  direct  to 
Hamburg  and  Rotterdam  from  Newcastle,  sailed  from,  the  Tyne 
on  May  the  6th. 

May  5. — Died,  in  Hallgarth-street,  Durham,  Mrs.  Margaret 
Gent,  aged  100. 

May. — There  was  living  at  North  Shields  at  this  time,  an 
ancient  dame,  named  Hannah  Conner,  in  her  100th  year,  possessing 
her  memory  and  enjoying  good  health. 

May  20. — For  some  time  previous  to  this  date  occasional 
meetings  had  been  held  in  Newcastle  and  Gateshead,  by  a  body  of 
men  calling  themselves  Chartists.  Their  object  was  the  advocacy 
of  universal  suffrage,  annual  parliaments,  vote  by  ballot,  no  pro- 
perty qualification  for  members  of  parliament,  and  the  payment  of 
representatives.  Those  meetings  at  last  were  so  numerous  that  it 
would  be  impossible  to  notice  them  separately,  but  the  assemblies 
which  took  place  on  the  above  day  were  of  too  important  a  character 
to  be  omitted.  .They  were  held  by  command  of  the  National 
Convention,  (a  body  which  had  been  elected  from  each  town  and 
district  in  the  previous  Nevernber,  and  was  still  sitting  in  London). 
About  10,000  persons  met  upon  the  Town  Moor,  Newcastle,  the 
greater  bulk  was  from  the  collieries,  Newcastle  having  furnished 
very  few.  Mr.  Thomas  Hepburn  was  in  the  chair,  and  the  prin- 
cipal speakers  were  Mr.  Hume,  Mr.  Ayre,  Mr.  Charlton,  Mr. 
Cooke,  Mr.  Cockburn,  Mr.  Stokoe,  Mr.  Rewcastle,  Mr.  Blakey, 
Mr.  Harney,  Mr.  Mason,  Mr.  Currie,  Mr.  Knox,  Mr.  Devyr, 
Mr.  Duncan,  Mr.  Lowrey,  Dr.  Taylor,  and  others.  The  language 
of  several  of  those  persons  was  highly  inflammatory.  A  similar 
meeting  was  held  at  Sunderland,  at  which  about  15,000  persons 
were  present ;  Mr.  Williams  in  the  chair.  These  assemblies,  as 
well  as  those  in  other  parts  of  the  country,  had  engaged  the 
attention  of  the  government,  and  on  the  15th  of  May  a  large 
quantity  of  ammunition  arrived  in  Newcastle  from  the  stores  at 
Tynemouth,  an  order  too  was  issued  that  sixty  rounds  of  ball 


112  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OV  [A.D.  1839. 

cartridge  should  be  supplied  to  the  troops  throughout  the  country. 
Meanwhile,  the  people  were  acting  on  the  suggestion  of  their 
leaders  in  every  particular,  money  was  withdrawn  from  the  savings 
banks,  and  invested  in  a  manner  which  they  persuaded  themselves 
was  more  profitable.  The  manufacture  of  '•  caltrops"  and  "  pike 
heads"  was  becoming  more  and  more  the  staple  of  those  whose 
employment  it  was.  Immense  numbers  made  by  the  Winlaton  men 
for  4d.  and  6d.  a  piece,  were  sold  to  brothdr  Chartists  for  Is.  Gd.9 
and  men  who  formerly  made  less  then  3s.  a  day,  could  now  obtain 
15s.  by  this  illegal  calling.  The  begging  box,  too,  as  it  was  called, 
was  carried  amongst  the  shopkeepers,  and  those  who  refused  to 
contribute  were  soundly  threatened  and  entered  in  a  black  book  as 
marked  men.  Bands  of  sturdy  beggars  were  continually  prowling 
about  the  counties  of  Northumberland  and  Durham,  committing 
petty  thefts  and  felonies,  accompany  injury  with  insult.  In  one 
instance  four  sturdy  rogues  took  down  some  fish  from  the  wall  of 
a  farm  house,  and  entering  the  kitchen  coolly  demanded  that 
they  should  be  cooked.  In  some  instances  the  most  brutal  threats 
were  uttered  when  not  readily  assisted  with  money  and  provisions, 
and  a  great  degree  of  alarm  was  created  among  the  inhabitants  of 
lonely  places. 

1839  (May  21). — That  portion  of  the  line  of  the  Newcastle  and 
Carlisle  Railway  between  Blaydon  and  the  company's  depot, 
near  the  Elswick  Shot  Tower,  Newcastle,  was  opened  with  some 
ceremony.  The  opening  for  passenger  traffic  did  not  take  place 
till  the  26th  of  October. 

May  22. — Died,  at  Denton  Hall,  Northumberland,  in  his 
60th  year,  Richard  Hoyle,  esq.,  merchant,  of  Newcastle.  Mr. 
Hoyle  was  a  native  of  Rippendon,  in  the  west  riding  of  Yorkshire, 
where  his  family  had  been  settled  for  many  centuries,  and  enjoyed 
extensive  possessions.  He  was  educated  at  Emanuel  College, 
Cambridge,  and  pursued  the  study  of  chemistry  with  some 
success.  In  1801,  in  conjunction  with  the  late  Dr.  Stancliffe, 
he  prepared  a  course  of  lectures  on  that  subject  for  the  new 
institution  of  the  Literary  and  Philosophical  Society  at  Newcastle, 
and  his  attainments  in  this  branch  of  science  enabled  him  to  adopt 
many  improvements  in  the  process  of  various  manufactures  in 
which  he  was  engaged. 

May  23. — A  fire  broke  out  in  one  of  the  cottages  on  Mr. 
Younghusband's  farm  at  Elwick,  near  Belford,  which,  owing  to 
being  thatched,  threatened  destruction  to  the  whole  of  the 
buildings,  but  by  the  kind  assistance  of  his  neighbours,  Messrs. 
Berwick,  Hall,  Bromfield,  Bolam,  Scott,  and  others,  he  was 
enabled  to  get  the  fire  reduced,  though  not  till  four  of  the  cottages 
were  entirely  destroyed. 

May  28. — The  first  coals  from  Garmondsway  Moor  colliery, 
the  property  of  Thomas  Richmond  Gale  Braddyll,  esq.,  and 
partners,  were  shipped  at  Hartlepool. 

May  31. — A  most  destructive  fire  occurred  on  the  premises  of 
Mr.  John  Atkinson,  coach-builder,  in  Newcastle.  The  fire  was 


A.D.  1839.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS  113 

supposed  to  have  originated  in  the  smith's  department,  but  at  the 
time  of  their  discovery,  one  o'clock,  the  flames  were  proceeding 
from  the  "  fitting-up  shop,"  and  long  before  anything  could  be 
attempted  to  arrest  their  violence  they  had  spread  with  great 
rapidity  over  the  adjacent  buildings.  In  less  than  half-an-hour 
every  street  in  the  neighbourhood  was  crowded  with  persons,  who 
stood  watching  in  utter  amazement  the  destructive  progress  of  the 
devouring  element.  About  two  o'clock  the  fire  was  at  its  height, 
and  from  its  immense  body  it  presented  an  awful  appearance, 
while  the  high  wind  which  prevailed  caused  the  utmost  anxiety  for 
the  premises  adjoining.  The  fire  engines  were  speedily  brought 
up,  but  for  more  than  half-an-hour  there  was  little  or  no  water  in 
the  pipes,  and  the  destructive  progress  of  the  fire  was  consequently 
unchecked  for  so  long  a  period  that  all  subsequent  efforts  to  save 
the  workshops  were  rendered  futile.  The  efforts  of  the  firemen 
were  at  last  successful,  though  the  dyehouse  of  Mr.  Fenwick  was 
entirely  burnt  down.  The  show  rooms  of  Mr.  Atkinson's  premises 
contained  a  number  of  finished  carriages,  but  by  the  timely  arrival 
of  a  body  of  soldiers  from  the  barracks,  with  two  engines,  it  was 
preserved  from  injury,  and  the  fire  was  got  under  about  three 
o'clock,  and  by  half-past  three  all  danger  of  its  spreading  further 
had  ceased.  It  is  impossible  to  describe  the  scene  of  distress  that 
presented  itself  on  every  hand  during  the  progress  of  the  conflagra- 
tion. Every  house  in  the  neighbourhood  was  deserted,  beds, 
bedding,  and  furniture  of  all  descriptions  were  piled  together  in 
the  middle  of  Pilgrim-street,  and  along  Hood-street  and  Market- 
street,  even  extending  into  Grey-street  and  Blackett-street. 
Women  and  children  were  to  be  seen  in  their  night  clothes,  taking 
shelter  beside  their  little  all,  whilst  fathers  and  husbands  rushed 
into  the  apartments  they  had  quitted  the  moment  before,  in  order, 
if  possible,  to  save  something  out  of  the  general  wreck.  As  to  the 
extent  of  the  damage,  there  was  much  difficulty  in  forming  an 
adequate  estimate.  Mr.  Atkinson's  loss  was  immense.  The  entire 
destruction  of  property,  including  the  whole  of  the  workmen's 
tools,  was  supposed  to  amount  to  £22,000;  the  greater  part  of 
which  fell  upon  the  proprietor  himself.  Mr.  Atkinson  afterwards 
commenced  an  action  against  the  Water  Company  for  the  deficient 
supply  of  water,  but  the  matter  was  privately  arranged. 

1839  (June  13). — The  body  of  a  man  was  found  in  the  river  Wear, 
at  Sunderland,  attached  by  a  rope  to  a  large  stone.  The  skull 
was  fractured  into  numberless  pieces  ;  and  the  body  was  naked, 
save  a  flannel  shirt  and  stockings.  The  body  was  removed  to  the 
workhouse  at  Monkwearmouth,  where  it  was  identified  by  two  of 
the  crew  of  the  Phoenix,  of  Stettin,  as  that  of  their  captain,  Johann 
Friedrich  Berckholtz,  who  was  about  fifty-five  years  of  age.  No 
doubt  being  held  as  to  the  deceased  having  met  his  death  unfairly, 
instant  search  was  made,  and  the  cabin  was  found  to  bear  evident 
marks  of  the  deed.  Subsequent  investigation  led  to  the  committal 
of  Jacob  Friedrich  Ehlert,  the  mate  of  the  ship,  and  Daniel  Muller, 
aged  19,  the  cabin  boy,  and  they  both  confessed  being  accomplices 

o 


H4,  HISTORICAL    REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1839, 

in  the  murder,  but  mutually  charged  each  other  with_  the  deed. 
At  the  ensuing  assizes  at  Durham  the  same  assertions  were 
reiterated,  but  from  the  statement  of  the  boy,  who  was  admitted 
a  witness  for  the  crown,  it  appeared  that  on  the  night  of  the  llth, 
the  mate,  after  giving  him  some  spirits,  induced  him  to  go  into 
the  cabin  where  the  captain  slept,  and  while  he  (the  boy)  held  a 
lantern  the  mate  struck  the  unfortunate  master  three  heavy  blows 
on  the  head  with  a  hammer,  by  which  death  was  caused 
immediately.  He  then  drew  the  body  up  to  the  deck,  and  with 
the  assistance  of  the  witness  let  it  drop  into  the  river  by  a  line 
attached  to  it.  They  then  got  into  a  boat  and  rowed  near  to  the 
bridge,  dragging  the  body  after  them,  and  the  mate  having 
procured  a  stone,  he  tied  it  to  the  body,  and  let  both  sink  into  the 
middle  of  the  stream.  There  were  several  circumstances  in  the 
boy's  story  corroborated  by  the  crew  and  others  concerned  in  the 
matter.  The  jury  found  Ehlert  guilty,  and  he  was  executed  at 
Durham  on  the  16th  of  August,  persisting  in  his  innocence  to  the 
last.  He  was  a  native  of  Barth-Pomerania. 

1839  (June). — About  the  middle  of  this  month,  a  curious  discovery 
was  made  in  the  old  tower  of  Durham  Castle,  which  was  then 
being  restored  for  the  purposes  of  the  University.  Amongst  the 
rubbish  in  the  lower  crypt  several  bones  of  a  whale  were  dug  out, 
consisting  of  about  15  vertebra,  20  ribs,  and  the  lower  jaw  bones. 
From  a  letter  written  by  Bishop  Cosin  to  his  steward,  Miles 
Staplyton,  dated  London,  20th  June,  1661,  in  the  possession  of  the 
Rev.  James  Raine,  of  Durham,  the  particulars  of  this  discovery 
are  clearly  made  out.  as  it  there  appears  that  this  animal  being 
cast  ashore  near  Easington,  the  bishop  ordered  the  skeleton  to  be 
prepared  and  placed  in  the  old  tower,  where  it  was  found.  From 
the  form  of  the  jaws  the  species  was  conjectured  to  be  the  great 
spermeceti  whale,  which  has  seldom  been  observed  on  the  British 
shores,  only  one  taken  in  the  Frith  of  Forth  in  1769,  being 
distinctly  recorded. 

June  17. — The  Newcastle  Central  Exchange  and  News 
Room,  one  of  Mr.  Grainger's  most  splendid  erections,  was  opened 
by  a  public  dinner.  The  magnificent  interior  of  the  exchange  was 
tastefully  fitted  up  on  the  occasion,  seven  large  tables  were  laid 
out  on  the  promenade  for  dinner,  an  excellent  band  played  appro- 
priate airs,  an  admirable  bust  in  marble  of  the  duke  of  Northum- 
berland, by  Tate,  and  several  other  busts,  presented  by  Messrs. 
Robson,  Farrington,  Barrow,  Dodds,  &c.,  were  placed  in  various 
parts  of  the  spacious  building,  and  the  dinner  party,  consisting  of 
360  gentlemen,  forming  altogether  a  scene  of  the  most  gratifying 
description.  The  chair  was  ably  filled  by  the  mayor  of  Newcastle 
(John  Fife,  esq.),  and  the  vice  presidents  were  Dr.  Headlam,  John 
Brandling,  John  Clayton,  and  Armorer  Donkin,  esqs. 

June  17. — The  Queen  Victoria  steamer,  the  property  of  Mrs. 
Strong,  Milburn-place,  North  Shields,  left  the  Tyne  at  five  o'clock 
in  the  morning  on  a  pleasure  trip  to  Warkworth,  with  a  numerous 
party  on  board.  At  about  half-past  eleven  in  the  forenoon,  when, 


A.D.  1839.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  115 

a  hearty  country  dance  was  in  progress,  the  vessel  struck  with 
great  violence  on  Hauxley  Head,  a  few  miles  south  of  Warkworth. 
The  effect  of  the  shock  was  tremendous.  Many  were  thrown  on 
their  faces,  and  all  was  confusion  on  board.  The  screams  and 
cries  of  the  women  were  truly  heartrending,  while  some  of  the 
men  were  calmly  imploring  for  mercy.  One  gentleman  had 
seized  a  piece  of  timber  with  which  to  spring  into  the  sea.  A  few 
young  men  were  standing,  waiting  the  "  parting  heave,"  with  their 
clothes  unbuttoned  ready  to  throw  off  ere  they  jumped  into  the 
deep.  The  boat  by  this  time  had  nearly  filled,  the  helm  was 
seized  by  one  of  the  passengers,  and  the  vessel  was  forced  as  high 
upon  the  rock  as  she  would  go.  It  would  be  superfluous  to  state 
the  joy  that  beamed  from  every  face  when  six  fishing  boats  came 
in  sight  and  were  in  a  minute  or  two  alongside  the  steamer.  The 
passengers  were  soon  taken  out  and  landed  safe  on  the  shore.  In 
speaking  of  the  gratitude  of  the  party  to  the  fishermen,  one 
creature  deserves  notice  who  had  been  most  lusty  in  the  expression 
of  woe  in  the  hour  of  peril.  He  demurred  to  give  his  preservers 
(as  the  others  did)  one  shilling,  observing  that  sixpence  from  each 
was  plenty.  But  possibly  he  estimated  himself  at  his  proper  value. 
The  passengers  were  brought  home  in  six  carts,  and  reached 
Shields  at  five  o'clock  on  the  following  morning,  in  a  miserable 
condition. 

l839(June  IS). — Being  the  anniversary  of  the  battle  of  Waterloo, 
that  portion  of  the  Brandling  Junction  Railway  which  connects 
South  Shields  and  Monkwearmouth,  was  opened  with  due  ceremony 
and  rejoicing. 

Same  day  the  Newcastle  and  North  Shields  Railway  was  opened, 
and  both  towns  celebrated  the  event  by  the  ringing  of  bells,  the 
firing  of  cannon,  the  display  of  flags,  and  the  usual  demonstrations 
of  rejoicings.  The  ladies  and  gentlemen  invited  by  the  directors 
were  conveyed  to  Shields  in  two  trains,  drawn  by  the  Wellington 
and  Hotspur  engines.  The  procession  excited  great  interest  all 
along  the  line,  the  sides  of  which  were  crowded  throughout  with 
the  neighbouring  inhabitants  ;  and  the  party  arrived  at  Shields 
amidst  the  hearty  cheering  of  thousands  assembled.  A  liberal 
entertainment  was  provided  for  the  company  by  the  directors,  in 
a  tent  at  the  rear  of  the  residence  of  Abraham  Dawson,  esq.,  who 
had  kindly  lent  his  mansion  and  grounds  for  the  day.  Upwards 
of  six  hundred  persons  partook  of  the  dejeuner,  Richard  Spoor, 
esq.,  of  Sunderland,  in  the  chair,  with  John  Fife,  esq.,  mayor  of 
Newcastle,  on  his  right.  There  were  arrangements,  under  the 
direction  of  Captain  Potts,  for  races  on  Tynemouth  Sands,  but  it 
was  found  impossible  to  adhere  to  punctuality,  and  the  people 
were  induced  by  symptoms  of  a  storm  to  return  to  the  village. 
There  were  a  few  who  disregarded  the  threats  of  the  heavens,  and 
these  paid  the  penalty  of  their  audacity.  The  thunder  began  to 
peal,  and  big  drops  of  rain  to  fall.  The  sporting  lingerers  fled 
for  refuge  to  niches  in  the  rocks,  which  afforded  so  little  refuge 
from  the  storm,  that  in  a  short  time  they  were  wet  to  the  skin,  with 


HG  HISTORICAL    REGISTER    OF  [A,D.  18391 

a  delightful  compound  of  soft  water  and  yellow  sand.  Meanwhile 
the  inveterate  racers  ran  the  race,  three  in  number,  the  spectators 
looking  from  their  holes  in  the  cliffs  on  the  sport  afforded  by  three 
jockeys  on  racehorses,  splashing  through  torrents  of  rain  in  the 
inidst  of  thunder  and  lightning. 

Between  four  and  five  o'clock  in  the  afternoon,  the  storm 
commenced  at  Newcastle.  Rain  continued  to  descend  with  the 
utmost  fury  for  nearly  two  hours,  during  which  time,  the  quantity 
of  water  which  fell,  and  the  amount  of  damage  done,  was  almost 
incredible.  In  many  of  the  streets,  even  in  elevated  situations, 
the  water  flowed  to  the  depth  of  three  or  four  feet,  and  rushed 
forward  with  all  the  impetuosity  of  a  cascade.  The  rush  of  water 
down  Dean-street,  the  Side,  Butcher -bank,  and  the  narrow  gorge 
leading  thence  to  the  Sandhill,  was  tremendous.  Three  or  four 
persons,  who  were  carried  off  their  feet,  were  washed  a  considerable 
distance,  and  narrowly  escaped  being  floated  into  the  Tyne.  The 
lower  part  of  Gateshead  was  flooded  to  a  great  depth.  The 
water  poured  down  tlie  Bottle-bank  like  a  cataract ;  and  near  the 
bridge  chairs,  tables,  cradles,  &c.,  were  floating  to  and  fro.  Cellars 
were  filled,  and  in  that  of  Mr.  Atkinson,  grocer,  damage  was  done— 
chiefly  in  the  melting  of  sugar — to  the  extent  of  at  least  £60. 
Walls  were  thrown  down  by  accumulated  water  in  various  places ; 
and  at  Tantoby,  John  and  Catherine  Teasdale,  and  one  of  their 
children,  were  killed  by  the  lightning,  another  child  was  injured  ; 
while  a  third,  which  lay  in  the  cradle,  was  unhurt.  At  Beamish, 
six  or  seven  men  were  thrown  upon  their  backs  by  the  lightning, 
but  escaped  without  injury.  An  excavator  named  James  Taylor, 
of  Byers  Green,  was  struck  dead  by  the  lightning  ;  and  more  or 
less  damage  was  sustained  throughout  the  district,  either  from  the 
lightning  or  the  flood. 

1839  (June  26). — Newcastle  Races. — Wednesday,  the  Northum- 
berland Plate  was  won  by  Mr.  Lambert's  br  h  St.  Bennett  (Lye). 
Thursday,  the  27th,  the  Gold  Cup  was  won  by  Mr.  Orde's  b  m 
Beeswing  (Cartwright). 

June  28. — At  nine  o'clock  this  morning,  an  appalling  explosion 
took  place  in  the  west  workings  of  the  St.  Hilda  colliery,  the 
property  of  Messrs.  John  and  Robert  William  Brandling,  at  South 
Shields.  Upwards  of  150  persons  were  at  work  at  the  time  in  the 
pit,  and  their  dwellings  being  contiguous  or  closely  adjoining,  the 
most  agonizing  scenes  took  place  as  soon  as  the  calamity  became 
known.  It  was  certainly  a  most  harrowing  spectacle  to  behold 
the  groups  of  people  assembled,  amongst  whom  could  be  easily 
recognised  relatives  of  all  ages  of  the  unfortunate  creatures  who 
had  been  exposed  to  the  appalling  dangers  of  this  frightful  explo- 
sion. Fortunately  about  100  of  the  men  were  engaged  at  some 
distance  from  the  west  workings,  and  were  enabled  to  escape. 
Several  of  these  were  nearly  exhausted  from  the  effects  of  "  choke 
damp,"  but  in  a  short  time  many  of  them  rallied,  and  by  their 
generous  efforts  fifty  lifeless  corpses  were  with  difficulty  discovered 
and  brought  up,  some  dreadfully  mutilated.  The  viewer  of  the 
pit,  William  Anderson,  esq.,  was  at  the  scene  of  destruction  soon 


A.15.  1839.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  117 

after  its  occurrence,  and  went  down  into  the  mine  where  he 
remained  till  nearly  one  o'clock.  Shortly  after  noon,  Mr.  Jobling, 
viewer  of  Heworth  colliery,  went  down  in  order  to  render  assist- 
ance. Mr.  Mather,  wine  merchant,  also  descended  the  pit  at  an 
early  hour,  and  administered  to  the  brave  fellows  engaged  in 
searching  for  the  dead  bodies  such  remedies  as  they  stood  in  need 
of  from  prolonged  exertion  in  the  suffocating  atmosphere.  Among 
the  sufferers  was  Joseph  Argyle,  aged  45  years.  He  descended 
the  pit  to  look  for  his  son,  and  was  brought  up  a  corpse.  The 
brother  of  this  poor  fellow  was  with  him  when  they  were 
overtaken  by  the  choke  damp,  and  urged  him  to  retire,  but  he 
persevered  in  seeking  for  his  son  and  fell  a  sacrifice  to  parental 
affection.  The  pit  had  been  worked  about  fifteen  years,  and 
during  the  whole  of  that  time  no  serious  explosion  had  taken 
place,  although  the  men  invariably  used  candles,  and  it  was 
supposed  the  accident  had  taken  place  from  some  person  having 
needlessly  gone  with  an  open  light  into  a  disused  part  of  the  mine. 
A  large  subscription  was  raised  for  the  relief  of  the  unfortunate 
widows  and  orphans,  in  number  more  than  sixty. 

1839  (July  7). — Great  sensation  was  created  in  the  Chartist 
Camp  by  the  news  that  Dr.  Taylor,  one  of  their  leaders,  had  been 
apprehended  for  sedition,  at  Birmingham.  Crowds  of  people 
assembled  at  the  corners  of  the  streets,  in  deep  and  earnest 
discussion,  and  written  placards  were  exhibited  calling  a  public 
meeting  in  the  New  Lecture  Room,  Nelson  Street,  Newcastle, 
at  six  in  the  evening.  By  the  hour  of  meeting  the  room  was 
filled,  and  before  the  speakers  arrived,  it  was  crowded  to  excess. 
The  speakers  inculcated  the  purchase  of  arms,  robbery,  and 
instantaneous  cessation  'from  work.  Such  language  as  this 
brought  George  Julian  Harney  under  the  arm  of  the  law,  and 
near  midnight  two  police  officers  arrived  at  Bedlington  for  his 
apprehension.  He  was  found  in  bed  at  the  house  of  Mr. 
Henderson,  surgeon,  and  was  quickly  conveyed  southward,  passing 
through  Newcastle  at  five  o'clock,  a.m.,  and  proceeding  to  Carlisle 
by  the  first  train.  On  the  afternoon  of  the  next  day,  two  delegates 
(Keeves  and  Watson),  burning  with  the  news  of  Harney's  arrest, 
arrived  at  Thornley  Colliery,  Durham.  For  some  time  past  the 
workmen  of  this  district  had  been  in  a  most  unsettled  state,  and 
the  harangues  of  those  persons  found  ready  auditors.  The  arrest 
of  a  political  leader  in  times  of  excitement  is  always  a  matter  of 
popular  interest,  and  doubly  so  when  ingeniously  embellished  by 
these  orators,  who  related  that  "  he  had  been  torn  from  his  bed, 
from  the  arms  of  his  wife,  without  time  being  allowed  him  to  dress 
and  dragged  to  a  gaol."  In  less  than  half-an-hour  they  had  got  a 
large  body  of  men  together,  who  proceeded  to  South  Hetton  and 
Haswell,  forcing  men  into  their  ranks,  or  brutally  threatening 
their  being  "marked"  if  they  refused.  It  was  10  p.m.  when 
they  arrived,  tired  and  wet,  at  Sunderland  Moor,  in  the  expecta- 
tion of  being  at  the  meeting,  which  was  held  there  at  night,  but 
all  was  over  when  they  arrived.  From  this  date  till  the  end  of  the 


118  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.    1839. 

month,  meetings  took  place  almost  nightly  in  the  Forth,  Newcastle, 
and  other  places,  and  the  most  violent  language  was  indulged  in. 
Pikes  began  to  be  seen  in  the  streets,  and  a  Mr.  Mason  announced 
that  10,000  of  these  weapons  had  been  ordered.  The  great 
recommendation  of  the  speakers  was  that  the  Chartists  should 
hold  themselves  in  readiness  for  the  "  Sacred  Month,"  which  was 
fixed  by  the  National  Convention  to  commence  on  the  17th  of 
August,  and  which,  it  was  expected,  would  revolutionize  the 
country.  The  excitement  seemed  to  increase  with  the  number  of 
the  meetings.  On  the  20th,  shortly  after  midnight,  a  fight 
occurred  at  the  Head  of  the  Side,  a  great  crowd  gathered  round 
the  pugilists  gradually  increasing  to  several  hundreds,  who  began 
to  manifest  indisputable  signs  of  mischief.  The  policeman  on 
duty,  Cuthbert  Eidley,  interfered  and  was  very  roughly  handled, 
he  sprung  his  rattle  and  displayed  his  truncheon  in  self-defence, 
but  he  was  soon  overpowered,  thrown  down,  and  kicked  -in  a 
savage  and  brutal  manner.  Four  other  policemen  came  up  at  the 
time  and  shared  a  similar  fate.  An  active  officer,  named  Leslie, 
was  seriously  injured  about  the  head.  A  prisoner,  named  Bruce, 
whom  he  had  in  custody,  and  who  was  rescued  by  the  mob,  was 
the  means  of  saving  his  life,  by  having  him  conveyed  home  in  a 
state  of  insensibility.  The  mob  then  commenced  an  attack  upon 
the  lamps  which  were  all  put  out,  and  next  upon  the  Union  Bank, 
in  St.  Nicholas'-square,  the  shutters  and  windows  of  which  were 
nearly  all  destroyed.  Then  then  moved  down  Mosley-street,  and 
Dean-street,  not  a  house  escaping  damage  from  brickbats  and  stones, 
but  the  "  Tyne  Mercury"  office,  in  the  latter  street,  was  a  notable 
instance  of  their  vengeance,  the  window  frames  and  glass  being 
completely  knocked  to  pieces.  The  re'spectable  inhabitants  of 
these  streets  were  dreadfully  alarmed  for  the  triumphant  yells  set 
up  after  each  successive  act  of  demolition,  were  truly  appalling. 
The  police  force  by  this  time  mustered  strongly,  and,  with  the 
mayor  at  their  head,  they  soon  succeeded  in  dispersing  the  rioters. 
On  the  22nd,  Messrs.  Williams  and  Binns,  of  Sunderland,  who 
had  been  at  the  head  of  the  Chartists  in  that  town,  and  had 
distinguished  themselves  by  seditious  language,  were  also  appre- 
hended and  committed  for  trial.  At  the  following  assizes  they 
were  sentenced  to  six  months'*  imprisonment. 

On  Monday,  July  22nd,  Archibald  White,  Peter  Flannaghan, 
John  Sutheron,  John  Thompson,  William  Campbell,  Peter  Devine, 
Peter  Brown,  Barnard  Flannaghan,  and  Thomas  Owen,  were 
brought  up  before  the  Newcastle  magistrates  for  examination. 
Sutheron  was  discharged,  as  he  had  only  fought  in  self-defence. 
Peter  Flannaghan  was  ordered  to  pay  a  fine  of  20s.  and  2s.  6d. 
costs,  and  in  default  to  be  imprisoned  for  a  month.  The  remainder 
of  the  prisoners  were  remanded,  on  account  of  the  non-attendance 
of  Leslie,  who  was  in  a  very  precarious  state.  They  were  again 
brought  up  on  the  following  day  and  committed  for  trial  at  the 
ensuing  assizes,  when  a  verdict  of  guilty  was  returned  against 
Flannaghan,  Devine,  and  White ;  Flannaghan  was  sentenced  to 


THE     FORTH,    N  E  W  C  A  S  T  L  E  -  U  P  O  N  -T  Y  N  E  , 
Removed  to  form  Neville  Street.     See  Sykes,  vol.  l,page  110. 


A.D.  1839.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  110 

18  months',  Devine  12  months',  and  White  6  months'  imprisonment 
with  hard  labour,  the  other  prisoners  were  acquitted.  On  the 
above  day,  the  councils  of  Gateshead  and  Durham  passed  resolu- 
tions for  the  swearing  in  of  special  constables,  with  a  view  of 
putting  a  stop  to  the  riotous  assemblies  which  prevailed.  On  the 
23rd,  a  meeting  was  held  in  the  Forth,  Newcastle  ;  but  on  the 
24th,  the  mayor  (J.  Fife,  esq  )  issued  an  order  for  the  dispersion 
of  any  future  meetings  held  in  the  town,  and  invited  the  peaceable 
inhabitants  to  come  forward  as  special  constables  ;  600  persons 
immediately  responded  to  the  request.  Notwithstanding  the 
repeated  cautions  which  were  issued  by  the  authorities,  a  number 
of  men  from  the  country  marched  to  the  Forth  on  the  30th,  and 
expressed  their  determination  to  hold  a  meeting.  As  soon  as  this 
was  known  the  mayor  and  Dr.  Headlam  left  the  Manors  on  horse- 
back. On  reaching  Collingwood-street,  they  came  in  collision 
with  a  body  of  Chartists,  when  the  mayor  seized  hold  of  a  banner 
and  the  banner  bearer,  commanding  an  instant  surrender,  but  he 
refusing  a  sharp  struggle  ensued,  in  which  a  tailor  from  Whitting- 
ham  received  a  wound  from  a  sword  in  the  abdomen,  and  was 
instantly  conveyed  to  the  Infirmary.  Dr.  Headlam  and  two 
gentlemen  passing,  came  up  and  assisted  the  mayor,  but  being 
overpowered  the  man  broke  away,  and  the  whole  body  was  allowed 
to  proceed.  The  mayor  and  Dr.  Headlam  rode  towards  the  Forth, 
and  made  another  attempt  to  disperse  the  mob,  the  only  effect  of 
which  was  to  cause  a  cowardly  assault  upon  both  of  them  with 
stories.  The  riot  act  having  been  read  four  times  without  success, 
the  police  were  ordered  to  march  forward,  which  they  did 
with  great  effect,  seizing  upon  all  the  banners  of  the  mob, 
and  capturing  several  of  the  most  active  amongst  them. 
The  rioters  next  attacked  the  police  with  repeated  volleys 
of  stones,  by  one  of  which  Dr.  Headlam  was  slightly  in- 
jured. But  about  this  time  a  troop  of  dragoons  arid  some 
infantry,  under  the  command  of  Colin  Campbell  (afterwards 
Lord  Clyde),  which  had  been  sent  from  the  barracks,  speedily  put 
an  end  to  the  affray.  The  cavalry  galloped  along  the  streets,  up 
passages  and  lanes,  the  affrighted  people  rushing  in  all  directions 
to  find  shelter.  One  dragoon,  whether  from  design  or  in  the 
excitement  and  heedlessness  of  the  moment,  rushed  down  the 
Arcade  at  full  speed,  and  without  pulling  up  flew  down,  horse  and 
man,  the  steep  and  lengthy  flight  of  stairs  leading  into  the  Manors, 
and  what  is  remarkable,  neither  received  any  injury.  Mr.  Dunn 
and  Mr.  Plummer,  with  a  strong  body  of  police,  proceeded  down 
the  Side  and  other  places,  clearing  the  streets  as  they  went.  Before 
midnight  about  thirty  rioters  had  been  captured  and  lodged  in  the 
gaol.  The  next  day,  the  31st,  the  mayor  issued  a  bill  cordially 
thanking  the  special  constables  for  their  assistance  on  the  preceding 
night,  and  strongly  recommending  that  the  peaceable  inhabitants 
should  either  become  special  constables  or  remain  in  their  own 
houses  after  nightfall,  as  by  swelling  the  crowd  they  exposed 
themselves  to  danger,  and  materially  increased  the  difficulties  which 


120  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OP  LA.D.    1839. 

the  authorities  experienced.  The  system  of  exclusive  dealing  was 
carried  to  a  laughable  extent  in  Newcastle  about  this  time.  A 
Tontlemnn  who  had  long  been  in  the  habit  of  paying  a  visit  to  a 
barber's  shop  in  Blackett-street  on  calling  one  morning  found  the 
"  hall  deserted,"  and  on  looking  round  the  following  notice  caught 

his  eye  : "  Any  person  frequenting  this  shop  and  acting  as  special 

constable  will  refrain  from  coming  here  in  future.  Signed  G-. 
Smith."  The  Chartist  fiat  had  gone  forth,  "  Special  constables 
shall  henceforth  shave  themselves  or  be  content  to  wear  their 
beards."  Shortly  after  Smith  was  brought  up  for  being  drunk, 
and  Mr.  Inspector  Little  described  his  conduct  as  being  "  very 
aristocratical  "  The  police  went  through  all  the  cookshops  in  the 
town  to  get  him  something  to  eat,  but  he  refused  to  eat  anything 
but  roast  beef.  After  this  period  the  proceedings  of  the  Chartists 
are  almost  wholly  unworthy  of  notice. 

1839  (August  3). — A  seam  of  roal,  three  feet  ten  inches  in  thick- 
ness, was  come  at  in  Wingate  Pit,  the  property  of  Lord  Howden. 
The  seam  is  at  the  depth  of  66  fathoms  from  the  surface,  and  of 
first- rate  quality. 

August  7. — Died,  at  Alnwick.  suddenly,  Edward  B.  Blackburn, 
esq.,  many  years  chief  judge  in  the  Mauritius,  and  late  first 
commissioner  to  his  grace  the  Duke  of  Northumberland.  This 
melancholy  event  was  deeply  deplored  by  all  classes  of  society, 
although  his  residence  in  the  neighbourhood  had  been  of  short 
duration. 

August  19. — Dr.  Clanny,  of  Sunderland,  read  an  important 
paper  in  the  hall  of  the  Mechanics'  Institution,  South  Shields,  to 
the  members  of  the  Committee  for  the  Investigation  of  Accidents 
in  Mines.  It  is  due  to  this  talented  and  scientific  gentleman  to 
state  that  he  was  the  first  to  meet  the  difficulties  of  the  mines  by 
human  ingenuity,  and  a  lamp  of  his  was  in  existence  and  used  in 
some  of  the  mines  on  the  Wear  long  ere  any  attempt  was  made  by 
any  other  person.  The  great  principle  of  this  safety  lamp  is  that 
the  admission  of  air  is  wholly  from  above  the  flame,  so  that  the 
influence  of  currents  acting  laterally  is  in  a  great  measure 
prevented.  Another  source  of  safety  is  that  the  wire  gauze 
cylinder  contains  1,296  meshes,  while  the  "  Davy"  contains  only 
700  meshes  to  the  square  inch. 

August  30. — The  opening  of  the  Brandling  Junction  Railway, 
from  Gateshead  to  Monkwearmouth,  took  place,  when  sixty-one 
waggons  of  coal,  from  South  Beaumont  Colliery,  were  conveyed 
along  the  line  and  shipped  on  board  a  vessel  lying  at  Monkwear- 
mouth Docks.  This  vessel  the  "  Jane,"  of  Aberdeen,  Captain 
Goldie,  was  most  fantastically  dressed  out  with  flags  of  various 
colours  and  designs,  which  floated  in  the  breeze,  giving  an  air  of 
much  animation  and  rejoicing  to  the  scene.  A  sumptuous 
entertainment  was  prepared  on  the  occasion,  at  the  expense  of  the 
Wearmouth  Dock  Company,  at  which  Sir  Hedworth  Williamson, 
bart,  presided.  On  the  6th  of  September  following,  the  entire 
line,  from  Gateshead  to  South  Shields  and  Sunderland,  was  opened 


A.D.  1839.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  121 

for  the  conveyance  of  passengers  and  goods,  when  the  distance 
from  Gateshead  to  Morikwearmouth  was  performed  in  forty-six 
minutes,  arid  the  return  trip  in  forty-three  minutes. 

1839  (August  31^). — A  man,  named  John  Henry  Mooney,  was  seen 
falling  head  foremost  from  the  third  storey  of  a  house  of  ill- fame  in 
Silver-street,  Newcastle,  and  was  so  severely  injured  that  he  died 
soon  after,  leaving  a  wife  and  family  to  mourn  his  wretched  end. 
This  outrage,  it  seems,  had  been  committed  by  two  men,  named 
D  wyer  and  Spark,  who,  with  the  aid  and  counsel  of  some  abandoned 
females,  had  given  rise  to  a  quarrel,  and  during  the  scuffle  he  had 
been  thrown  out.  Dwyer  and  Spark  were  tried  at  the  next 
assizes,  before  Mr.  Justice  Coleridge,  and  sentenced  to  fifteen 
years'  transportation. 

September  1. — Three  boys  were  observed  from  the  heights  of 
Tynemouth  in  a  boat,  a  long  way  out  at  sea,  with  a  strong  south- 
west wind,  an  ebb  tide,  and  a  good  deal  of  Upper  on  the  bar. 
Every  moment  increased  their  peril  as  they  drifted  further  off ; 
and  as  no  means  of  rescue  appeared  at  hand,  Mr.  James  Mather, 
of  South  Shields,  who  had  on  former  occasions  distinguished  himself 
in  a  similar  manner,  hastened  down  into  the  Haven,  where,  having 
found  a  pilot  coble,  and  two  men  in  it,  and  having  prevailed  on, 
another  man  to  join  them,  he  caused  the  boat  to  put  to  sea.  They 
at  last  got  sight  of  the  poor  little  fellows  about  two  miles  off.  The 
coble  bore  down  upon  them,  and  on  nearing  the  boat,  the  cries  of 
the  boys,  who  had  given  themselves  up  for  lost,  were  truly  heart- 
rending. An  attempt  was  made  to  tow  the  boat,  but  it  was  found 
impossible  ;  the  boys  were  therefore  taken  into  the  coble,  and  the 
boat  abandoned.  After  great  exertion  and  a  good  wetting,  a 
landing  was  effected  at  Hartley  Baits.  Much  praise  is  due  to  Mr. 
Mather,  who  liberally  remunerated  the  men  for  their  exertions  ; 
and  also  to  his  intrepid  companion,  who  were  the  means  of  rescuing 
the  boys  from  a  watery  grave.  The  thanks  of  the  committee  of 
the  Royal  Humane  Society,  inscribed  on  vellum,  was  shortly  after 
presented  to  Mr.  Mather,  through  the  medium  of  the  president, 
his  grace  the  Duke  of  Northumberland. 

September  9. — The  foundation-stone  of  a  new  church  was  laid 
at  Tynemouth  by  M.  Bell,  esq.,  M.P.,  who  appeared  as  the 
representative  of  his  grace  the  Duke  of  Northumberland,  who  was 
unavoidably  absent  through  indisposition.  The  site  on  which  the 
church  is  built  was  presented  by  his  grace,  together  with  a  donation, 
of  £200  towards  the  endowment.  Messrs.  John  and  Benjamin 
Green,  of  Newcastle,  were  the  architects  for  the  building,  which  is 
a  great  ornament  to  the  village  of  Tynemouth.  The  style  of 
architecture  is  of  the  15th  century.  There  is  a  tower  at  the  west 
end,  surmounted  by  a  spire,  95  feet  in  height.  There  are  500 
sittings  on  the  ground  floor,  250  of  which  are  free. 

September  15. — The  rivers  of  Northumberland  were  flooded 
to  a  fearful  extent,  in  consequence  of  the  heavy  rain  which  fell  on 
the  preceding  day.  The  Coquet  presented  such  a  scene  as  tha 
oldest  living  man,  never  witnessed.  The  rain,  to  use  a  commoa 

B 


122  HISTORICAL    REGISTER    OF  [A-D- 

saying,  "  fell  whole  water, "  and  a  gale  from  the  east  gave  it  » 
character  of  the  roost  fearful  description  ;  yet  no  apprehensions 
were  entertained  that  the  river  would  so  far  overflow  its  boundaries 
as  to  cause  that  destruction  which  was  done.  The  appearance  of 
the  majestic  stream  from  Felton  Bridge  was  singularly  picturesque, 
rushing  from  the  deep  woody  recesses  of  Felton  Park  covered  with 
autumnal  spoils,  and  bidding  defiance  to  the  puny  arm  of  man  tc* 
rob  it  of  trophies.  For  two  hours  it  presented  an  unbroken  stream 
of  sheaves  of  corn,  hay,  trees,  gates,  and  a  great  number  of  sheep, 
Mr.  Spearman,  of  Warton,  Mr.  Story,  of  Caistron,  and  Mr.  Arm- 
strong, of  Thorney  Haugh,  suffered  severely.  A  poor  hare  was 
seen  below  Weldon  Bridge  sailing  down  upon  a  sheaf  of  corn,  her 
frail  bark  was  cast  upon  a  savage  shore,  and  the  timid  navigator 
fell  a  prey  to  barbarians.  The  corn  grounds  upon  the  Till  were 
inundated,  and  the  vale  of  Wooler  was  one  sheet  of  water.  The 
Wansbeck  rose  three  feet  higher  than  in  the  great  flood  of  Feb., 
1831.  Mr.  Leightley,  of  Bothal  Haughs,  lost  a  stack  of  hay  about 
3  tons  weight,  which,  after  being  carried  out  to  sea  a  few  miles  ^ 
was  finally  landed  quite  whole  upon  Newbiggen  sands-.  The  Reed 
and  the  other  rivers  flowing  into  the  North  Tyne  were  enormously 
swollen,  but  perhaps  none  so  much  as  a  small  rivulet  that  winds 
its  course  close  past  the  eastern  side  of  the  village  of  Otterburn. 
Every  house  in  that  village,  with  but  two  exceptions,  was  more  or 
less  flooded  with  water,  and  in  many  the  inundation  was  several 
feet  deep.  At  Hexham,  the  tan-yard  of  Mr.  John  Ridley  was- 
completely  overflowed,  and  considerable  damage  done  to  the  bark 
liquor  in  the  pits.  The  houses  in  the  neighbourhood  were  so  much 
flooded,  that  the  chairs  and  tables  floated  in  the  rooms.  Among  the 
various  articles  washed  down  the  Tyne,  were  large  quantities  of 
bobbins  of  cotton  thread.  Many  of  these  were  picked  up  at  Blyth. 

1839  (September  \1).—  The  port  of  Seaton  Sluice  was  a  scene  of 
great  rejoicing,  in  consequence  of  the  welcome  dinner  given  to  Mr. 
James  Thompson,  the  landlord  of  the  Melton  Constable  Hotel, 
lately  erected  there,  it  being  more  than  half  a  century  since  any 
improvements  had  been  made  in  that  town.  The  harbour  there  is 
one  of  great  curiosity,  having  been  cut  through  a  solid  rock,  the 
entrance  into  which  being  52  feet  deep-,  30  feet  broad,  and  90O 
feet  long,  and  is  well  worthy  the  attention  of  the  stranger. 

September  26. — The  foundation  stone  of  an  Episcopal  chapel 
at  West  Herrington,  near  Houghton-le-Spring,  was  laid  by 
the  Rev.  R.  Shepherd,  curate  of  Houghton.  The  Rev.  E.  S. 
Thurlow,  rector  of  Houghton,  erected  the  edifice  at  his  own 
expense.  This  was  the  third  chapel  erected  in  the  parish  by  Mr. 
Thurlow,  in  less  than  fifteen  years.  The  chapel  was  consecrated 
September  8th,  1840,  by  the  Bishop  of  Durham. 

September  28.— Died,  at  Witton  Gilbert,  near  Durham,  the 
Very  Rev.  Richard  Richardson,  D.D.,  in  the  88th  year  of  his  age. 
He  had  held  the  perpetual  curacy  of  Witton  Gilbert  for  upwards 
of  fifty-nine  years  and  was  also  precentor  of  St.  David's,  rector  of 
Brancepeth,  and  chancellor  of  St.  Paul's,  London. 


A.D.  1839.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  123 

1839  (October  14.). — Died,  in  East  Holborn,  South  Shields,  aged 
103,  Mrs.  Jane  Brown. 

October  19. — A  frightful  accident  occurred  at  the  ironside 
pit,  a  few  miles  distant  from  Whitburn.  Six  of  the  workmen 
were  sitting  in  the  engine  room,  when  the  boiler  exploded  with  a 
terrible  crash,  bursting  the  walls  of  the  building,  and  burying 
the  men  in  the  ruins.  Only  one  was  got  out  alive,  but  so  severely 
injured  that  his  recovery  was  doubtful.  Two  of  the  deceased 
were  brothers  of  the  name  of  Russell,  another  was  named  William 
Hine,  who  left  a  widow  and  family. 

October  23. — His  royal  highness  the  Duke  of  Sussex  arrived 
at  Lambton  Castle  on  a  visit  to  the  Earl  of  Durham,  On 
November  4th  he  visited  Durham,  accompanied  by  Lady  Cecilia 
Underwood,  the  Earl  and  Countess  of  Durham,  and  the  ladies 
Lambton,  when  he  received  a  congratulary  address  from  the 
corporation,  and  was  entertained  in  the  college  by  the  Rev. 
Prebendary  Ogle.  On  the  following  day,  at  a  Provincial  Grand 
Lodge  of  Freemasons,  held  at  Chester-le-street,  a  similar  compli- 
ment was  paid  him.  On  November  7th  his  royal  highness  visited 
Newcastle.  A  few  minutes  before  twelve  o'clock  a  salute  from 
the  castle  announced  the  arrival  of  the  duke.  He  was  accom- 
panied by  the  Earl  of  Durham,  in  a  carriage  drawn  by  four 
splendid  greys.  His  royal  highness  and  friends  proceeded  to  the 
Assembly  Rooms,  where  they  were  received  by  a  guard  of 
honour,  composed  of  the  officers  of  the  garrison  and  the  splendid 
band  of  the  98th  regiment.  Immediately  after  alighting  his  royal 
highness,  as  grand  master  of  the  ancient  order  of  free  masons, 
proceeded  to  hold  a  lodge,  and  was  met  by  about  300  free  masons 
of  the  united  lodges  of  the  town  and  neighbourhood.  The 
anniversary  of  the  Society  for  the  Promotion  of  Fine  Arts  was 
then  held  in  the  same  building.  The  Earl  of  Durham  presided, 
with  the  royal  duke  on  his  right,  and  was  supported  by  a  number 
of  distinguished  individuals  of  both  sexes.  Mr.  Lockey  Harle, 
one  of  the  secretaries,  read  the  committee's  report,  and  the  meeting 
was  subsequently  addressed  by  William  Ord,  esq.,  M.P. ;  Mr. 
Easthope,  M.P. ;  Mr.  Hutt,  M.P. ;  Mr.  Hawes,  M.P. ;  Mr.  C. 
Buller,  M.P. ;  the  Duke  of  Sussex,  the  Earl  of  Durham,  and 
others.  After  the  meeting  his  royal  highness  partook  of  a  splendid 
dejeuner  a  la  fourchette,  prepared  by  Mr.  Haigh,  the  keeper  of  the 
rooms,  in  a  style  of  magnificence  corresponding  with  the  occasion. 
His  royal  highness,  in  the  course  of  the  afternoon,  paid  a  visit 
to  the  Royal  Exchange  News  Raom,  where  he  was  received  by 
John  Brandling,  esq.,  as  chairman  of  the  committee,  who  also 
introduced  Mr.  Grainger  to  the  royal  visitor,  Mr.  Benjamin 
Green  had  also  the  honour  of  being  presented  to  his  royal  highness 
for  the  purpose  of  explaining  his  plan  of  a  projected  high  level 
bridge  from  Newcastle  to  Gateshead.  The  duke  and  his  noble 
f rien  Is  then  took  their  departure.  After  sojourning  about  a 
month  at  Lambton  Castle,  the  royal  duke  proceeded  on  a  visit  to 
Earl  Grey,  at  Howick. 


J24  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1833, 

1839  (November  2).— Died,  at  South  Shields,  aged  105  years, 
Mrs.  Ann  Brown. 

November  9.— The  following  gentlemen  were  elected  mayors 
and  sheriffs  :— Newcastle— John  Carr,  esq.,  mayor  ;  Robert 
Boyd,  esq.,  sheriff.  Gateshead— William  Henry  Brockett,  esq. 
Durham— A.  W.  Hutchinson,  esq.  Sunderland— Joseph  Brown, 
esq,  M.D.  Stockton —Thomas  Jennet,  esq.  Morpeth— John 
Creighton,  esq.  Berwick— George  Gilchrist,  esq.,  mayor  ;  John 
Miller  Dickson,  esq.,  sheriff. 

November  12. — His  royal  highness  the  Duke  of  Sussex  paid 
a  visit  to  the  town  of  Sunderland,  when  he  performed  the 
interesting  ceremony  of  laying  the  foundation-stone  of  a  large 
building,  to  be  called  the  Athenaeum.  His  royal  highness  was 
escorted  to  the  ground  by  the  Earl-and  Countess  of  Durham,  the 
Earl  and  Countess  of  Zetland,  Sir  Hed worth  and  Lady  Williamson, 
&c.  A  grand  masonic  festival  was  held  on  the  same  evening,  in 
the  Bridge  Hotel,  at  which  the  Earl  of  Durham  presided.  The 
plans  of  the  building,  which  is  in  the  Ionic  style,  were  by  Mr. 
Billington,  and  include  a  capacious  hall  for  public  meetings,  a 
large  lecture  room,  a  library,  a  museum,  and  a  number  of  other 
apartments.  The  building  was  opened  the  1st  of  June,  1841. 

November  29. — A  horrible  event  was  discovered  on  board 
a  vessel  lying  at  Berwick  Quay — the  Martha,  schooner,  of 
Cockenzie,  William  Ovens,  master.  At  night,  the  crew  after 
putting  the  hatches  on,  went  to  bed,  the  captain  and  mate  in  the 
cabin  and  the  three  seamen  in  the  forecastle.  In  the  morning, 
the  mate,  seeing  none  of  the  men  stirring,  went  to  call  them, 
when  he  was  horrified  at  discovering  two  of  them  lying  dead, 
and  the  third  nearly  so.  They  had  been  suffocated  by  the  fumes 
of  the  stove.  The  man  still  in  life  was  removed  to  the  dispensary, 
where  means  for  his  restoration  were  successfully  applied.  Dr. 
Edgar  attempted  to  bleed  the  other  two,  but  in  vain. 

November  30. — The  foundation-stone  of  "The  Corporation 
Hall,"  Stockton-upon- Tees,  was  laid  by  Thomas  Jennett,  esq., 
mayor,  in  the  presence  of  a  numerous  assemblage  of  the  inhabi- 
tants. The  building,  which  was  opened  on  the  23rd  October 
following,  contained  a  justice-room,  news-room,  and  other  offices. 

November. — A.  G.  Potter,  esq.,  of  Walbottle  House,  with 
his  brothers,  presented  to  God  and  his  Church,  at  Newburn,  a 
beautiful  and  elegant  painted  window,  executed  by  Mr.  Wailes,  of 
^Newcastle,  in  a  style  which  does  great  credit  to  his  taste  and 
skill,  and  which  was  placed  in  the  north  transept  of  that  sacred 
edifice. 

December  9. — A  man  named  Barnet,  whilst  engaged  in 
painting  the  under  part  of  Sunderland  Bridge,  accidentally  dropped 
from  a  plank  and  fell  into  the  river.  Strange  to  say,  he  was  not 
at  all  injured  by  his  fall,  and  was  picked  up  by  a  boat. 

December. — During  this  year,  no  fewer  than  310  vessels  were 
built  and  registered  at  the  port  of  Sunderland,  many  of  them 
upwards  of  000  tons  burthen. 


A.D.  1840.  J  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  125 

1840  (January  1), — A  public  meeting  was  held  in  the  Long 
Room,  Commercial  Hotel,  Howard-street,  North  Shields,  to  take 
into  consideration  the  propriety  of  incorporating  the  borough  of. 
Tynemouth.  T.  Young,  esq  ,  was  called  to  the  chair,  who  briefly 
stated  the  object  for  which  the  meeting  was  called,  and  was 
followed  by  A.  Crighton,  esq.,  who  moved  the  first  resolution. 
Dr.  Lietch  seconded  it,  and,  in  an  able  address,  showed  the  neces- 
sity, importance,  and  advantage  to  be  derived  by  the  town  being 
incorporated.  Same  day,  a  meeting  of  the  ratepayers  of  South 
Shields  was  held  for  the  same  purpose,  when  a  resolution  in  favour 
of  the  incorporation  of  that  borough,  was  carried  by  a  majority  of 
46  votes  to  41.  The  Privy  Council  did  not  comply  with  either  of 
the  applications. 

January  5. — The  body  of  a  female  was  discovered  in  the 
river  Skerne,  a  few  hundred  yards  from  Black  well  mill,  by  Mr. 
John  Chisman  and  Mr.  Rutter,  who  were  walking  on  the  shore  on 
the  way  to  Darlington,  The  young  woman's  name  was  Susan 
Dagley,  a  native  of  Coventry,  who  had  worked  at  Messrs.  Pease's 
mill  for  about  nine  months,  and  was  missed  from  her  lodgings  at 
Priestgate,  in  Darlington,  about  five  weeks  previous.  On  examina- 
tion, it  was  clear  she  had  been  murdered  and  thrown  into  the 
river,  but  nothing  was  ever  elicited  to  explain  the  mystery. 

January  6. — An  inquest  was  held  at  Paston,  in  the  parish  of 
Kirknewton,  on  the  bodies  of  two  boys,  sons  of  Ralph  Turnbull, 
of  Paston,  who  were  unfortunately  drowned  in  the  river  Beaumont 
on  the  preceding  day.  It  appeared  that  the  deceased  and  another 
boy  named  William  Martin,  had  gone  down  the  river  side,  where 
a  plank  about  fifteen  inches  is  laid  across,  and  that  the  children 
having  hold  of  each  others  hands  attempting  to  go  along  the  plank, 
all  fell  into  the  river.  The  two  Turnbulls  were  carried  a  consider- 
able distance  down  the  stream,  but  the  other  boy  providentially 
got  out.  The  bodies  of  the  deceased  were  soon"  afterwards  found, 
but  life  was  quite  extinct. 

January  29. — Died,  at  Bedlington,  aged  110,  Mary  Lorimer. 
She  perfectly  remembered  the  rebellion  of  1745,  at  which  time 
she  was  in  service  at  the  High  Church,  Morpeth. 

February  1. — A  dreadful  collision  took  place  in  the  river 
Tyne,  near  Friar's  Goose.  The  London  Merchant  Steamer  was 
going  down  the  river  on  her  voyage  to  London,  and  the  brig  Good 
Intent,  from  Lynn,  laden  with  flour,  was  sailing  up,  towed  by 
the  steam-tug  Margaret,  when  they  came  violently  in  contact 
with  each  other.  The  Good  Intent  was  struck  on  the  larboard-bow, 
and  in  a  few  minutes  went  down.  The  crew  had  just  time  to  save 
their  lives. 

February  9. — Died,  in  Newcastle,  aged  59,  Mr.  Luke  Clennell, 
the  celebrated  p  linter  and  engraver.  As  a  practical  wood-engraver 
Clennell  possessed  great  abilities  ;  but  it  is  to  his  works  as  a 
designer  and  painter  that  we  are  to  look  more  especially  for  the 
evidences  of  his  genius.  His  powers  in  delineating  rustic  as  well 
as  marine  scenery  were  very  great;  and  it  is  only  necessary  to 


126  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A,D.  1840. 

advert  to  his  painting  of  the  Allied  Sovereigns  when  in  England, 
and  the  great  price  it  brought  in  an  unfinished  state — through  his 
lamented  indisposition — to  class  him  as  a  first-rate  artist;  and  to 
shew  to  what  extent  his  talents  were  appreciated.  Mr.Clennell  was 
one  of  the  most  distinguished  of  Bewick's  pupils,  and  his  illustrations 
of  Roger's  Poems  are  unequalled  as  wood-engravings.  In  his 
youth  lie  evinced  unwearied  industry,  and  was  indefatigable  in 
his  exertions  to  attain  that  excellence  in  the  higher  walks  of  his 
profession,  to  which  he  ultimately  arrived.  His  remains  were 
followed  to  the  grave  by  most  of  the  artists  of  the  town.  A 
handsome  marble  tablet,  by  Davies,  was  placed  in  St.  Andrew's 
Church,  to  the  memory  of  the  deceased. 

1840  (February  10). — This  being  the  day  appointed  for  the 
celebration  of  the  marriage  of  her  majesty  the  Queen  with  Prince 
Albert  Francis  Augustus  Charles  Emmanuel  of  Saxe  Coburg 
Gotha,  business  was  entirely  suspended  in  Newcastle,  and  every 
appearance  of  rejoicing  was  observable  throughout  the  district. 
Flags  were  hoisted  from  the  church  steeples,  and  the  ships  in  the 
harbour  had  a  most  animated  appearance.  The  corporate  body 
met  in  the  Guildhall,  and  at  one  o'clock  a  company  of  the 
Newcastle  Yeomanry,  under  Captain  Loraine,  took  up  their 
station  on  the  Sandhill.  The  bells  of  the  various  churches  rang 
merry  peals,  and  the  castle  guns  fired  a  rojal  salute,  which  was 
answered  by  a  feu  de  joie  from  the  volunteer  corps,  the  whole 
concluding  with  three  hearty  cheers.  At  half-past  four  a  public 
dinner  was  held  in  the  Central  Exchange,  at  which  241  gentlemen 
sat  down  to  a  most  sumptuous  entertainment,  the  mayor,  John 
Carr,  esq.,  in  the  chair.  Numerous  dinner  parties  were  held  in 
the  various  inns,  and  in  the  evening,  by  order  of  the  mayor, 
there  was  a  grand  display  of  fireworks  on  the  parade  ground.  At 
night  a  fancy  dress  ball  was  held  in  the  Assembly  Rooms,  and  a 
very  brilliant  gathering  took  place.  At  North  and  South  Shields, 
Sunderland,  Durham,  and  all  the  towns  and  villages  in  the  district, 
similar  rejoicings  took  place,  and  the  poor  were  everywhere 
most  plentifully  provided  for.  Upon  the  greatest  Roman  work  in 
Britain,  Sewingshields  Crags,  near  Haydon  Bridge,  and  one  of  the 
wildest  spots  in  the  scenery  of  Northumberland,  a  bon-fire  was 
lighted,  and  cast  its  ruddy  glare  over  a  vast  expanse  of  country. 

February  22. — For  the  first  time  in  thirty-eight  years,  two 
competing  candidates  were  in  the  field  to  represent  the  borough  of 
Morpeth,  in  the  room  of  Viscount  Leveson,  resigned — the  Hon. 
E.  G.  G.  Howard,  son  of  the  earl  of  Carlisle,  and  Major  Hodgson 
Cadogan,  of  Bririkburn.  The  former  was  proposed  by  Mr.  Petrie 
and  seconded  by  Mr.  Hood,  the  latter  was  proposed  by  Mr.  Brewis 
arid  seconded  by  Mr.  Thompson.  Bjth  gentlemen  addressed  the 
electors,  but  as  Mr.  Cadogan  declined  going  to  a  poll,  his  opponent 
was  declared  to  be  elected. 

February  23. — Died,  in  Newcastle,  aged  71,  Sir  Robert 
Shaftoe  Hawks.  The  deceased  was  knighted  by  the  Prince  Recent 
in  April,  1817. 


A.D.  1840.]  HEMARKABLE   EVENTS  127 

1840  (March  §). — The  foundation  stone  of  a  new  Wesleyan 
chapel,  with  sittings  for  500  persons,  was  laid  at  St.  Lawrence, 
near  Newcastle,  by  Mr.  John  Reay,  of  Carville.  At  this  time,  the 
Wesleyan  body  had  within  half  a  mile  on  each  side  of  the  river, 
between  Tynemouth  and  Hexhara,  88  chapels,  capable  of  accom- 
modating 17,300  persons,  which  cost  in  building  £28,300.  4,650 
Sunday  scholars  were  also  connected  with  them. 

March  7. — A  fire  broke  out  this  evening  in  the  house  and 
shop  occupied  by  Mr.  William  Cousins,  tailor,  Long  Row,  South 
Shields,  and  in  a  short  time  the  whole  of  the  premises,  as  well  as 
the  adjoining  public  house  of  Mr.  Samuel  Yates,  were  completely 
destroyed,  and  some  other  houses  received  considerable  damage. 
In  addition  to  this  calamity  a  little  girl  named  Frances  Place 
perished  in  the  flames.  The  sufferers  lost  all  their  clothes  and 
furniture.  A  public  meeting  was  held  on  the  llth,  and  a  sub- 
scription was  entered  into  for  their  relief. 

March  14. — A  fire  broke  out  this  morning  in  the  cabinet 
workshops  of  Mr.  John  James,  situated  between  Pilgrim-street 
and  Erick-street,  Newcastle.  An  immediate  alarm  was  given,  but 
the  workshops  which  were  formed  of  three  stories,  being  filled  with 
furniture  and  dry  wood,  nothing  could  check  the  progress  of  the 
flames,  until  the  destruction  of  the  buildings  and  their  contents 
was  completed. 

March  20. — A  dinner  was  given  at  the  Blue  Bell  Inn,  New- 
castle, to  Mr.  Peter  Gibson,  Dean-street,  commemorative  of  his 
having  rescued  three  persons  from  drowning.  A  silver  snuff  box 
and  a  memorial  narrating  the  circumstances,  were  also  presented  to 
Mr.  Gibson. 

March  20. — The  first  iron  ship  seen  on  the  Tyne,  arrived  at 
Shields.  The  vessel  which  belonged  to  Hartlepool,  was  called  the 
"  John  Garrow,"  John  Wilson,  master,  and  was  800  tons  burthen. 
Her  unusual  appearance  excited  much  curiosity. 

March  21. — The  Thornley  Coal  Company,  Durham,  completed 
a  sinking  to  a  seam  of  coal  never  before  worked  in  that  district. 
It  lies  at  a  distance  of  eighty  fathoms  below  the  five  quarter 
seam,  and  is  four  feet  thick.  This  important  discovery,  which 
affected  all  the  colliery  districts  of  Durham,  gave  rise  to  much 
rejoicing. 

April  1. —  A  dreadful  boiler  explosion  occurred  at  St.  Anthony's 
Oil  Mill,  near  Newcastle,  by  which  two  young  men  named 
Robert  Wilson  and  Benjamin  Giles  lost  their  lives.  Previous  to 
commencing  work  they  sat  down  in  the  boiler  shed,  when,  unfor- 
tunately, one  of  the  boilers  burst,  carrying  away  the  door  and  part 
of  the  shed  front,  with  the  two  poor  fellows  into  the  river,  a 
distance  of  fifteen  yards.  The  engineman  happily  escaped  with 
trifling  injury. 

April  2. — A  fine  vessel,  named  the  Bucephalus,  was  launched 
from  the  dock-yard  of  Messrs.  T.  &  W.  Smith,  St.  Peter's,  near 
Newcastle.  The  vessel  was  named  by  Miss  Werge,  and  was  the 
largest  which  had  ever  been  built  on  the  Tyne. 


128  HISTORICAL    REGIPTF.R    OF  LA.D.    1840. 

1840  (April  7). — A  Polytechnic  Exhibition,  for  the  benefit  of  the 
North  of  England  Society  for  the  Promotion  of  the  Fine  Arts  and 
the  Mechanics'  Institutes  of  Newcastle  and  Gateshead,  was  opened 
by  a  soiree.  The  exhibition,  which  was  of  the  most  extensive 
character,  was  entered  by  the  Academy  of  Arts,  Blackett-street, 
and  consisted  of  a  suite  of  eleven  rooms,  some  of  them  of  consider- 
able size.  This  magnificent  collection  of  every  branch  of  art, 
science,  manufacture,  and  articles  of  vertu,  every  species  of 
machinery,  apparatus  and  experiment,  every  kind  of  handiwork, 
civilised  or  savage,  every  production  of  nature,  whether  terrene  or 
marine,  forming  a  concatenation  of  objects  of  value,  interest, 
rarity,  or  curiosity,  perhaps  never  before  brought  together,  had 
been  principally  contributed  by  the  neighbouring  nobility  and 
gentry,  and  by  tradesmen  of  the  town.  The  surpassing  interest 
and  brilliancy  of  the  exhibition  may  in  a  great  measure  be 
attributed  to  the  continued  and  extraordinary  exertions  of  Messrs. 
Thomas  Burnett  and  Henry  Brady,  the  secretaries,  Mr.  John 
Hancock,  the  eminent  naturalist,  Mr.  Albany  Hancock,  Mr. 
Joshua  Alder,  Mr.  George  Burnett,  Mr.  Joseph  Watson,  and 
others.  So  completely  did  the  exhibition  ensure  the  purpose  for 
which  it  was  intended,  and  so  fully  did  the  inhabitants  appreciate 
the  boon  which  had  been  conferred,  that  although  originally 
opened  for  three  months  the  exhibition  lasted  for  five,  closing  in 
the  midst  of  its  popularity,  and  boasting  in  the  aggregate  little 
short  of  two  hundred  and  fifty  thousand  visits  by  the  holders  of 
season  tickets  and  others.  To  attempt  anything  like  a  detail  of 
this  wonderful  and  interesting  collection  would  be  in  vain.  A 
few  of  the  more  remarkable  can  only  be  mentioned.  Magnificent 
paintings,  microscopes,  and  other  optical  instruments,  English 
manufactures  in  porcelain,  bronze,  steel,  and  glass,  a  series  of 
beautiful  coats  of  mail,  and  a  great  variety  of  ornithological 
specimens  by  Mr.  Hancock.  Mr.  Orde's  racing  trophies,  by 
Beeswing,  &c.,  &c.  But  the  great  centre  of  attraction  was  the 
New  Music  Hall,  an  immense  room  devoted  to  practical  and 
experimental  science  and  machinery.  The  centre  of  the  hall  was 
occupied  by  a  large  fountain  and  circular  canal,  in  and  by  the  sides 
of  which  swam  shoals  of  gold  and  silver  fishes,  and  worked  mills, 
syphons,  pumps,  steamboats,  locomotives,  screws,  diving  bells, 
rams,  air  forcing,  and  water  pumps,  and  indeed  every  imaginable 
appliance  of  pneumatic,  acoustic,  hydrostatic,  and  electric  science. 
One  one  side  of  the  fountain  and  canal  stood  a  beautifully 
polished  steam  engine  of  four  horse  power,  manufactured  on 
improved  principles  by  Messrs.  Hawthorn  of  Newcastle,  driving  a 
power-loom  for  weaving  merino,  another  for  ribbon,  and  an  iron 
planing  machine.  There  were  all  kinds  of  mathematical, 
geographical,  and  astronomical  apparatus,  and  the  room  rang  with 
the  ceaseless  din  and  clatter  of  engines,  machines,  looms,  and 
printing  presses.  This  brilliant  exhibition  was  finally  closed  by  a 
soiree  on  September  2nd,  when  the  receipts  were  found  to  have 
reached  £4,458  15s.  Id.,  and  after  the  liquidation  of  the  necessary 
expenses,  left  a  sum  for  division  of  upwards  of  £1,500. 


A.D.  1840.] 


REMARKABLE    EVENTS. 


129 


1840  (April  U).— Died,  at  Edinburgh,  aged  38,  H.  J.  W. 
Collingwood,  esq.,  of  Lilburn  Tower,  Northumberland,  a  seat 
which  had  been  finished  but  a  short  period  before,  at  an  enormous 
expense. 

Mr.  A.  Spoor,  builder,  having  obtained  the  consent  of  the 
corporation  of  Newcastle  for  the  removal  of  White  Friar  Tower 
and  a  portion  of  the  town  wall  adjoining  it  on  the  south,  in  order 
to  the  formation  of  a  new  street,  the  first  act  of  demolition  took 
place  early  in  April,  by  the  breaking  of  a  large  hole  in  the  wall 
immediately  beneath  the  tower,  for  the  purpose  of  obtaining  a 
passage  for  carts,  which  has  since  formed  the  roadway  of  Hanover- 
street,  extending  from  the  brow  of  the  hill,  near  Hanover-square, 
to  the  Skinner's-burn. 


WHITE  FRIAR  TOWER. 

April  28. — The  first  steeple  chase  ever  run  in  the  county  of 
Northumberland  came  off  at  Morpeth.  The  interest  excited  was 
very  great.  Four  horses  started,  and  the  race  was  won  by  Mr. 
Lamplugh's  Mischief.  Norma  was  second,  and  Locksley  and 
Donald  Caird  were  not  placed. 

8 


130 


HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OP  [A.D.  18401- 


1840  (May  7).— The  supervisor  of  the  Morpeth  district  and  the- 
ridin"  officers  of  the  Felton  and  Rothbury  stations  discovered  an 
illicit0  still,  most  artfully  constructed,  in  a  sort  of  cavern  at  the 
foot  of  the  Tosson  Hills,  near  Rothbury.  The  distillery  was 
capable  of  producing  100  gallons  of  spirit  per  week. 

May  13.— Died,  at  Lemington,  near  Newcastle,  aged  104  years, 
Mrs.  Jane  White. 

^ay  i4._The  foundation-stone  of  a  chapel  of  ease  to  the 
church  of  St.  John,  Newcastle,  was  laid,  at  Arthur's-hill,  by  the 
Rev.  H,  W.  Wright,  incumbent  of  St.  John's.  The  chapel,  which 
is  dedicated  to  St.  Paul,  is  62  feet  long  inside  and  40  feet  wide, 
and  has  accommodation  for  700  persons. 

May  19. — Died,  in  Eldon-place,  Newcastle,  suddenly,  of  angina 
pectoris,  aged  73,  deeply  regretted  by  a  large  circle  of  friends,  Mr. 
Richard  Farrington,  one  of  the  firm  of  "  Richard  Farrington  and 
Brothers."  He  was  a  man  of  great  attainments  as  a  sculptor, 
modeller,  and  draughtsman,  and  had  been  engaged  upon  a  monu- 
mental design,  to  the  memory  of  his  late  brother,  a  few  hours- 
before  his  death. 

May  22. — Died,  aged  58,  Charles  Newby  Wawn,  esq.,  of  New- 
castle-upon-Ty  ne.  Mr.  Wawn  practised  for  many  years  the  profession 
of  a  surgeon-dentist,  and  at  one  time  spread  the  influence  of  his 
name  as  a  most  skilful  and  talented  operator  from  York  to- 
Edinburgh,  and  from  the  German  Ocean  to  the  Irish  Sea.  His 
manners  were  highly  polished  and  refined,  his  intelligence  varied 
and  extensive,  his  benevolence  unbounded,  and  his  whole  life 
regulated  by  the  pure  principles  of  religion.  He  cultivated  music 
and  the  languages,  and  was  extensively  conversant  with  the  Hebrew 
and  its  cognate  tongues,  with  those  of  the  two  polite  nations  of 
antiquity,  and  with  most  of  the  languages  and  dialects  of  modern 
Europe.  He  wrote  and  spoke  with  great  fluency.  His  style  was 
rather  ornate,  distinguished  by  sweeping  and  accumulated  epithet. 
Notwithstanding  the  extent  of  his  practice,  his  labours  in  the 
cause  of  religion  and  humanity  were  untired  and  multitudinous. 
He  published  a  series  of  well- written  papers  on  colonial  slavery, 
under  the  signature  of  "  Eleutheros,"  which  produced  a  consider- 
able impression  upon  the  public  mind.  Mr.  Wawn  occasionally 
courted  the  muses,  and  some  beautiful  poetical  effusions  are  the 
product  of  his  pen.  His  writings,  which  are  very  numerous,  are 
principally  anonymous,  and  are  scattered  over  the  monthly  and 
other  periodicals  of  the  time.  Mr.  Wawn  died  rather  suddenly,  at 
Tynemouth,  to  which  village  he  had  retired  about  two  years 
previous. 

May  25. — During  a  fearful  gale,  the  Ann  and  Elizabeth,  of 
Sunderland,  Captain  Hall,  took  fire  off  the  Girdleness.  Fortu- 
nately, the  Volunteer,  of  Charleston,  Captain  White,  came  up  in 
time  to  take  off  the  crew,  as  the  ship  was  going  down. 

June  1. — As  a  workman  was  removing  the  pavement  in  Silver- 
street,  Sunderland,  the  skeleton  of  a  human  being  was  discovered 
by  some  boys,  a  few  inches  below  the  surface. 


&.B.    1840.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  131 

1840  (June  2). — As  a  fishing  boat,  having  two  men  and  a  boy 
on  board,  was  returning  from  crab  and  lobster  fishing,  she  was 
struck  by  a  sea  when  off  Holy  Island,  and  all  hands  perished. 

June  4. — About  half- past  one  o'clock  this  morning,  the  police 
of  South  Shields  heard  a  crash  of  glass  near  the  market- 
place, and,  on  proceeding  to  a  house  occupied  by  Mr.  John  Shotton, 
grocer,  Mill-dam,  they  discovered  the  premises  to  be  on  fire.  The 
family,  on  being  aroused,  made  their  escape,  and  by  vigorous  efforts 
the  flames  were  subdued. 

June  12. — One  of  the  boilers  at  the  Birtley  Ironworks, 
about  five  miles  distant  from  Newcastle,  burst  with  a  tremendous 
explosion.  Twelve  of  the  workmen  were  severely  scalded,  and 
one  of  them  died  from  the  effects  of  his  injuries.  The  boiler 
(weighing  no  less  than  50  cwt.)  rose  in  the  air,  one  portion  of  it 
being  carried  to  the  distance  of  200,  and  the  other  150  yards. 
Few  of  the  houses  of  the  village  escaped  injury  from  the  explosion. 

June  12. — Married,  at  Alnham  Church,  by  the  Rev.  Gr. 
Wood,  William,  second  son  of  Mr.  Michael  Thompson,  long 
shepherd  and  topsman  to  Adam  Atkinson,  esq.,  of  Lorbottle 
House,  to  Ann,  third  daughter  of  William  Taylor,  head  shepherd 
to  the  late  Mr.  Crisp,  of  Prendick,  and  then  holding  the  same 
situation  under  his  nephew,  Mr.  H.  Crisp.  Mr.  Crisp  regaled  the 
bridal  party,  consisting  of  upwards  of  twenty  couples,  to  break- 
fast, and,  after  the  ceremony,  a  keenly  contested  race  for  the 
"  spurs"  took  place,  from  the  church  to  the  bridegroom's  house, 
which  was  won,  in  grand  style,  by  a  lady,  although  matched  against 
some  of  the  most  celebrated  sportsmen  of  the  county. 

June  16. — A  goods  train,  on  the  Stockton  and  Darlington 
Hailway,  took  fire,  when  near  the  former  place,  and  a  quantity  of 
merchandise  was  destroyed.  Teas,  coffees,  silks,  flax,  stationery, 
soap,  charts,  nutmegs,  bibles,  boxes  of  pills,  &c.,  &c.,  were  strewn 
in  all  directions.  The  loss  was  estimated  at  £1,000. 

June  18. — A  frightful  accident  occurred  to  the  first  class 
train  from  Stockton.  A  man,  named  Prest,  was  driving  a  laden 
wood  waggon  on  the  turnpike  road,  at  a  point  where  the  railway 
crosses,  near  Darlington,  just  at  the  time  when  the  train  was 
coming  up.  The  gates  were  closed  when  the  man  came 
up ;  but,  notwithstanding  the  engine  was  in  sight,  and  the 
whistle  was  sounding,  he  persisted  in  passing  through.  The 
person  in  charge  of  the  gate  endeavoured  to  prevent  him,  but  he 
got  through  and  was  partly  across  when  the  train  came  up,  and 
a  dreadful  concussion  took  place.  The  three  horses  were  killed, 
the  waggon  smashed  to  pieces,  and  the  timber  scattered  in  all 
directions.  The  waggoner,  as  well  as  the  men  on  the  engine,  and 
the  passengers,  escaped  uninjured. 

June  29. — While  an  old  man,  servant  of  Mr.  Collingwood, 
of  Murton  Farm,  near  North  Shields,  was  in  the  act  of  taking  a 
bull  to  its  stall,  it  turned  furiously  upon  him  and  mutilated  him 
in  a  shocking  manner,  and  such  was  the  furious  state  of  the  bull 
as  to  bid  defiance  for  some  time  to  all  attempts  to  secure  it. 


132  HISTORICAL    REGISTER    OF  [A.D.    1840. 

1840 (June  29> — At  the  sessions  held  at  Durham  this  day,  Robert 
Taylor,  alias  Lord  Kennedy,  described  as  aged  19,  was  tried  and 
convicted  on  a  charge  of  bigamy.  Up  to  the  period  of  his  trial, 
six  of  his  marriages  had  come  to  the  knowledge  of  the  police,  and 
it  was  believed  that  the  number  was  much  larger.  He  was 
sentenced  to  two  and  a  half  years'  imprisonment. 

June  29. — The  Newcastle  Races — Mr.  Orde's  Beeswing  won 
the  Craven  Stakes,  beating  Col.  Cookson's  Dr.  Oliver,  after 
running  a  dead  heat.  The  St.  Leger  was  won  by  Col.  Cradock's 
Gallipot.  The  Northumberland  Plate  was  won  by  Col.  Cradock's 
br  c  Provost.  The  Gold  Cup  was  won  by  Lord  John  Scott's 
Lanercost,  iMr.  Orde's  Beeswing  second.  The  Marquis  of  Water- 
ford,  one  of  the  stewards,  rode  his  horse,  Redwing,  for  the 
Hunter's  Stakes,  which  were  won  by  Captain  Richardson's 
Centurion.  His  lordship's  patronage  of  the  sports  attracted  a 
large  number  of  strangers  to  the  town,  and  contributed  greatly  to 
the  prosperity  of  the  meeting. 

June  30. — Died,  at  his  house,  in  Brandling- pi  ace,  Newcastle, 
aged  32,  George  Richardson,  son  of  Mr.  T.  M.  Richardson.  The 
deceased  was  one  of  the  most  rising  landscape  painters  of  the  day, 
and  his  untimely  death  deprived  the  town  of  one  that  was  likely 
to  become  its  most  celebrated  artist.  He  was  buried  in  the 
Jesmond  Cemetery. 

June. — About  the  middle  of  this  month,  a  workman  con- 
nected with  the  St.  Helen's  Colliery,  in  the  county  of  Durham, 
repaired  to  the  bottom  of  the  shaft  for  the  purpose  of  being  drawn 
up,  not  finding  the  rope  at  the  bottom,  he  actually  commenced 
ascending  the  conductors  of  the  shaft,  which  is  390  feet  in  depth, 
and  in  a  very  short  time  gained  the  bank.  The  individual  who 
performed  this  rash  and  daring  act,  was  named  Nixon,  'and, 
although  of  dwarfish  stature,  effected  what  probably  not  one  man 
in  a  thousand  would  dare  to  attempt. 

July  1. — The  Queen  was  pleased  to  confer  the  honour  of 
knighthood  upon  John  Fife,  esq.,  of  Newcastle,  as  a  mark  of 
approbation  of  the  manner  in  which  he  had  sustained  the  office  of 
chief  magistrate  during  the  Chartist  agitation. 

.//////  2. — A  vessel  called  the  Archimedes,  arrived  in  the  Tyne 
from  Leith,  and  was  the  first  vessel  propelled  by  Mr.  Francis  S. 
Smith's  new  patent  screw.  Her  novel  appearance  attracted  great 
attention,  being  rigged  as  a  three-masted  schooner,  with  not  a  sail 
set,  nor  paddle-wheel  cases,  and  yet  she  was  winding  her  way 
steadily  and  with  great  speed,  easily  passing  numerous  craft  in  her 
course.  The  engines  were  of  eighty  horse  power,  and  the  average 
speed  of  the  vessel  was  nine  knots  an  hour. 

July  6.— Died,  at  Great  Malvern,  Worcestershire,  aged  58, 
the  Right  Rev.  John  Banks  Jenkinson,  D.  D.,  Lord  Bishop  of  St. 
Davids,  and  Dean  of  Durham.  His  lordship  was  son  of  Col.  John 
Jenkinson,  brother  of  the  first  Earl  of  Liverpool,  and  was  appointed 
to  the  deanery  of  Durham  in  1827.  By  his  death  the  revenue  of 
the  deanery,  which  then  amounted  to  £9,000  a  year,  was  divided, 


A.D.   1840.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS  133 

£3,000  a  year  being  paid  to  the  future  dean,  and  the  surplus  to  the 
Ecclesiastical  Commissioners. 

1840  (July  8> — Died,  at Gateshead,  aged  GO,  Mr.  James  Charlton, 
a  gentleman  who  honourably  and  creditably  discharged  for  a 
great  number  of  years,  the  arduous  duties  of  master  of  the 
Anchorage  School,  in  Gateshead.  The  deceased,  who  had  the 
merit  of  founding  the  Gateshead  Dispensary,  was  the  author^  of 
many  elementary  works  of  great  ability. 

July  12. — The  Oliver,  two-mast  ship,  captain  John  Lamke, 
from  Bremen,  laden  with  timber,  entered  the  Don,  a  tributary  of 
the  Tyne,  which  embouches  in  Jarrow  Slake,  and  was  piloted  up 
by  Matthew  Rutledge,  of  Howdon.  On  reaching  the  eastern 
boundary  of  Messrs.  Hindhaugh  and  Co.'s  quay  and  timber  dock, 
she  was  drawn  to  her  berth  by  the  numerous  spectators,  amid 
much  cheering.  Some  years  ago,  two  vessels,  the  King  and  the 
Don,  of  about  300  tons  burthen  each,  were  built  in  this  river,  and 
consequently  sailed  down  the  Don ;  but  it  is  not  on  record  that 
any  vessel  had  sailed  up  the  Don  since  the  anchoring  of  King 
Egfrid's  fleet  in  that  river  in  the  year  671. 

July  19. — The  Queen  steamboat  left  Newcastle,  on  a  pleasure 
trip  to  Warkworth,  with  a  large  number  of  persons  on  board. 
After  spending  a  few  hours  amid  the  surrounding  scenery,  the 
party  returned,  at  three  o'clock,  to  take  their  passage  home. 
Three  boat  loads  were  conveyed  to  the  vessel  in  safety,  but  on 
going  the  fourth  time,  just  as  the  boat  reached  the  steamer,  the 
latter  gave  a  lurch,  which  overthrew  one  of  the  men,  and  in  the 
attempt  of  others  to  save  him  from  going  overboard,  the  boat 
overturned.  A  most  painful  scene  ensued,  but  eventually  sixteen 
persons  were  rescued  ;  two  others,  William  Keay  and  Sarah 
Rutherford,  were  drowned, 

July  21.— One  of  those  remarkable  natural  phenomena,  a 
water  spout,  was  observed  about  a  mile  south  of  Barnard  Castle. 
The  air  seemed  to  be  much  charged  with  electricity,  and  the  rain 
descended  in  torrents  during  the  remainder  of  the  day. 

July  28. — Died,  at-  Cowes,  Isle  of  Wight,  aged  49,  John 
George,  Earl  of  Durham,  Viscount  Lambton,  &c.  From  the 
hour  of  his  lordship's  arrival  at  Cowes,  there  appeared  no  hopes 
of  his  recovery,  and  he  had  been  daily  getting  weaker,  but  his 
medical  attendants  considered  he  was  not  in  immediate  danger, 
and  that  the  acute  disease  with  which  he  was  afflicted  had  been 
changed  .into  chronic.  His  lordship  had  not  eaten  anything  for  a 
week  past,  excepting  a  little  fruit,  and  had  only  taken  beef  tea. 
His  lady  was  his  sole  and  constant  attendant  night  and  day,  no 
one  else  even  entered  the  room.  On  Tuesday  morning,  he  was 
taken  worse,  and  Mr.  Day,  of  Cowes,  was  called  in  ;  he  immediately 
pronounced  him  dying — that  he  could  not  live  five  hours.  At  ten 
minutes  past  nine  his  lordship  expired.  The  noble  earl  succeeded 
to  the  family  property  when  only  five  years  of  age,  on  the  death 
of  his  father.  Soon  after  attaining  his  majority,  in  1813,  he 
became  a  candidate  for  a  seat  in  the  House  of  Commons,  a 


134  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1840 

vacancy  for  his  native  county  having  been  caused  by  the  death  of 
Sir  H.  V.  Tempest,  he  was  returned  without  opposition.  From 
that  until  he  was  called  to  the  House  of  Lords,  he  continued  to 
represent  the  county.  In  1820,  Richard  Wharton,  esq.,  was 
brought  forward  in  opposition  to  him,  but,  after  an  exciting 
contest,  Mr.  Lambton  was  returned  by  an  overwhelming  majority, 
the  numbers  being  Lambton,  1,731;  Powlett,  1,137;  Wharton, 
874.  Previous  to  this  election,  Sir  Thomas  H.  Liddell  (after- 
wards Lord  Ravensworth)  wrote  to  Mr.  Lambton,  strongly 
condemning  his  political  sentiments.  The  letter  concluded  with 
the  following: — "  Your  conduct,  both  in  parliament  and  in  the 
county  of  Durham,  appear  to  me  so  dangerous  and  likely  to  do 
such  incalculable  mischief,  that,  even  were  you  my  own  brother,  I 
should  oppose  you  by  all  the  means  in  my  power."  Mr.  Lambton 
returned  the  following  answer  : — 

Dear  Sir  Thomas,— In  answer  to  yours,  I  beg  to  say  I  feel  gratitude  for 
your  frankness,  compassion  for  your  fears,  little  dread  of  your  opposition, 
aud  no  want  of  your  support.  Yours  truly, 

J.  G.  LAMBTON. 

In  1821  he  propounded  a  scheme  of  Parliamentary  reform,  by 
which  the  country  was  to  be  divided,  for  electoral  purposes,  into 
districts  containing  25,000  inhabitants  each,  by  whom  one  member 
was  to  be  chosen.  In  1828  he  was  elevated  to  the  peerage  as 
Baron  Durham,  and  in  1833  was  created  a  viscount  and  earl. 
Shortly  after,  he  went  on  a  special  mission  to  St.  Petersburgh,  to 
attempt  to  alleviate  the  sufferings  of  the  people  of  Poland.  In 
1835  he  was  appointed  ambassador  to  Russia.  In  1838  he  was 
sent  to  Canada  as  Lord  High  Commissioner,  but  he  returned  after 
a  very  short  sojourn,  not  feeling  satisfied  with  the  support  he 
received  from  the  Government.  His  lordship  married,  first,  on 
the  1st  of  January,  1812,  Miss  Harriet  Cholmondeley,  who  died 
in  1815;  and  secondly,  Lady  Louisa  Elizabeth  Grey,  eldest 
daughter  of  the  Earl  and  Countess  Grey.  He  had  issue  by  his 
first  marriage  three  daughters,  all  of  whom  are  dead,  and  by  his 
second  five  children,  two  sons  and  three  daughters.  His  eldest  son, 
Charles  William,  having  died  at  the  age  of  13,  his  second  son, 
George  Frederick,  succeeded  to  the  family  honours.  The  news  of 
his  death  created  a  profound  sensation^  and,  on  the  arrival  of  his 
remains  at  Sunderland,  on  the  3rd  of  August,  all  business  was 
suspended,  and  nearly  every  house  exhibited  some  token  of 
mourning.  The  10th  of  August  being  fixed  for  the  interment  of 
his  lordship's  remains,  a  deep  and  melancholy  interest  was  excited. 
At  Chester-le-Street,  Durham,  Sunderland,  and  South  Shields,  the 
shops  were  entirely  closed,  and  the  bells  of  Newcastle  and  Gates- 
head  tolled  from  eleven  to  three  o'clock.  The  preparations  at  the 
castle  for  the  sad  event  were  on  the  most  ample  scale.  Refresh- 
ments were  set  out  in  the  grand  saloon,  and  as  the  company 
entered  through  the  great  hall  hatbands  and  gloves  were  presented 
to  them.  In  the  great  dining  room  the  remains  of  the  noble  earl 
lay  in  state.  This  apartment  presented  a  most  impressive  appear- 


A.D.  1840.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  135 

ance,  and  great  numbers  were  admitted  to  view  the  solemn  scene. 
The  outer  coffin  was  of  the  richest  description,  being  formed  of 
the  finest  Genoa  crimson  velvet,  relieved  with  gold  ornaments. 
At  half-past  two  the  procession  was  formed,  140  of  the  tenants 
and  agents  of  the  estate  preceding  the  hearse  and  four  mourning 
coaches,  about  300  Freemasons  and  175  carriages  following  the 
body.  The  procession  was  upwards  of  a  mile  in  length.  The 
pall  bearers  were  the  Marquis  of  Londonderry,  Sir  Hedworth 
Williamson,  bart.,  C.  W.  Bigge,  esq.,  H.  T,  M.  Witham,  esq., 
Lord  Ravensworth,  W.  T.  Salvin,  esq.,  Dr.  Headlara,  and  Colonel 
Tower.  The  funeral  service  was  read  by  the  Hon.  and  Rev.  F. 
R.  Grey,  and  made  a  deep  impression  on  the  assemblage.  The 
earl  made  his  will  in  September,  1837,  previous  to  his  leaving  this 
country  for  Canada,  bequeathing  the  whole  of  his  property,  of 
every  description,  to  the  Countess  of  Durham,  leaving  her,  also, 
sole  executrix,  a  striking  proof  of  his  affectionate  esteem  and 
confidence  in  her. 

1840  (July  29). — The  Wesleyan  Methodist  Conference  commenced 
its  sittings  at  Brunswick  Place  Chapel,  Newcastle,  on  the  morning 
of  this  day,  being  the  97th  annual  assembly  of  this  body  of 
ministers,  and  the  first  ever  held  in  that  town.  The  Rev.  Robert 
Newton  was  elected  president,  and  the  Rev.  Dr.  Hannah  secretary, 
after  which  the  usual  business  connected  with  the  conference  was 
proceeded  with.  Two  Ashantee  princes  were  present  during  the 
proceedings,  and  excited  much  interest.  The  Rev.  J.  B.  Freeman, 
a  Wesleyan  missionary  at  Cape  Coast  Castle,  a  man  of  colour, 
gave  a  deeply  affecting  account  of  a  visit  he  had  lately  made  to 
Coomasse,  the  capital  of  Ashantee,  and  a  mission  in  that  town 
was  determined  upon.  During  the  sittings  of  the  conference  Mr. 
H.  P.  Parker,  artist,  of  Newcastle,  presented  to  that  body  his 
historical  Wesleyan  centenary  picture,  representing  the  rescue  of 
the  founder  of  Methodism,  from  the  fire  of  the  parsonage  house  at 
Epworth. 

July. — About  this  time  the  Heaton  estate,  long  the  property 
of  Sir  Matthew  White  Ridley,  was  purchased  by  Addison 
Langhorn  Potter,  esq ,  alderman  of  Newcastle. 

August  19. — At  a  meeting  of  the  Town  Council  of  Newcastle, 
Mr.  Alderman  Donkin,  on  behalf  of  Admiral  Thomas,  presented 
to  that  body  a  lock  of  Lord  Collingwood's  hair,  enclosed  in  the  lid 
of  a  snuff-box  made  from  the  transom  of  the  Royal  Sovereign. 

August  24. — The  Queen  was  pleased  to  present  the  Rev. 
George  Waddington,  M.A.,  to  the  deanery  of  the  cathedral 
church  of  Durham,  void  by  the  death  of  Dr.  Jenkinson,  late  bishop 
of  St.  David's.  On  September  the  23rd,  Mr.  Waddington  received 
the  degree  of  D.D.  from  the  University  of  Durham,  and  on  the 
25th,  he  was  formally  installed  at  the  cathedral.  On  entering 
upon  his  office,  the  very  rev.  gentleman  presented  the  widow  of  his 
predecessor  with  a  sum  of  between  £2,000.  and  £3,000.,  derived 
from  new  leases,  on  the  ground  that  Dr.  Jenkinson  could  have 
signed  the  documents  before  he  died. 


136  HISTORICAL    REGISTER    OF  [A,D.  1840. 

Augmt  25.— This  day  the  New  Quay,  erected  by  the  corpora- 
tion of  Newcastle,  in  continuation  of  the  old  one,  was  opened  by 
the  mayor  (John  Carr,  esq.),  accompanied  by  the  members  of  the 
borough,  William  Ord  and  John  H.  Hinde,  esqs.,  the  members  of 
the  council,  the  corporation  of  the  Trinity  House,  the  stewards  of 
the  incorporated  companies,  and  a  large  body  of  the  leading 
merchants  of  the  town.  The  party  walked  in  procession  from  the 
Guildhall  to  the  termination  of  the  works,  at  the  North  Shore. 
The  length  of  the  New  Quay  is  about  1500  feet,  being  45  feet 
more  than  the  Old  Quay,  and  the  whole  of  these  extensive  works 
had  been  completed  to  their  then  state  in  about  thirteen  months, 
under  the  direction  of  W.  D.  Anderson,  esq.,  engineer  to  the 
corporation. 

September  3.— Two  girls,  aged  7  and  14,  daughters  of  Thomas 
Wilson,  of  Stockton-on-Tees,  were  sent  to  a  pond  for  water, 
and  not  returning  in  due  time,  their  mother  went  in  search  of 
them.  She  found  the  pail,  but  could  see  nothing  of  the  children. 
Shortly  afterwards,  a  person  passing,  who  had  heard  of  the  circum- 
stance, looked  into  the  pond  and  perceived  their  dead  bodies. 

September  29, — As  an  engineman  of  Cramlington  Colliery, 
named  Patterson,  was  examining  the  safety  valve  of  one  of  the 
boilers  at  that  place,  he  felt  a  peculiar  pricking  sensation  in  the 
fingers.  After  several  repetitions  of  the  same  sensation,  he  per- 
ceived that  every  time  the  feeling  was  accompanied  by  the  issue 
of  a  spark  from  the  metal.  Mr.  H.  Lee  Pattinson,  a  well-known 
practical  chemist,  having  been  made  acquainted  with  the  pheno- 
menon, examined  the  apparatus,  and  found  that  the  whole  boiler 
was  an  immense  electrical  machine.  W.  G.  Armstrong,  of 
Newcastle,  the  originator  of  the  celebrated  Armstrong  Gun, 
obtained  exactly  similar  results  from  experiments  made  upon  a 
locomotive  engine,  and  he  subsequently  constructed  a  "  hydro- 
electric generator"  in  the  form  of  a  small  boiler,  by  which  extraor- 
dinarily powerful  results  were  produced. 

September. — This  month,  as  two  men,  Edward  Henderson  and 
John  Robson,  were  making  a  drain  upon  the  farm  of  Mr. 
Forster  Charlton,  of  Bog  Hall,  in  the  chapelry  of  Kirkheaton, 
Northumberland,  the  property  of  Calverly  B.  Bewicke,  esq.,  they 
found,  about  two  feet  below  the  surface,  under  some  large  flat 
stones,  the  bones  of  a  human  body,  which  had  been  deposited  in  a 
large  earthen  jar.  The  remains  must  have  lain  a  number  of  years, 
as  the  bones,  on  being  exposed  to  the  air,  immediately  mouldered 
into  dust. 

September  — This  month  the  old  and  highly-respectable  banking 
house  of  Lambton  and  Co.,  Newcastle,  withdrew  their  own  notes 
from  circulation,  and  thenceforth  issued  Bank  of  England  paper. 

September. — Near  the  end  of  this  month  a  singular  circumstance 
transpired  in  Sunderland.  A  man  of  the  name  of  Thomas  Burn, 
who  was  in  a  public  house  in  that  town,  asked  another  person, 
whose  name  was  Cadell,  to  drink  with  him.  The  latter,  on 
recognizing  the  person  who  addressed  him,  exclaimed,  "  What, 


A..D,  1840.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  137 

drink  with  my  brother's  murderer?"  Burn  immediately  threw  the 
contents  of  the  glass  in  CadelPs  face,  and  would  have  escaped,  had 
Cadell  not  readily  obtained  the  help  of  a  policeman,  by  whom  he 
was  apprehended,  and  conveyed  to  the  town  where  themurder  was 
committed. 

1840  (October  1). — A  very  large  hay  stack,  belonging  to  Mr. 
Grahamsley,  standing  near  the  Sunderland  Road  End,  Gateshead, 
was  almost  entirely  destroyed  by  fire.  The  length  of  the  stack 
was  upwards  of  36  yards,  and  it  contained  about  260  tons  of  hay. 

October  8. — Married,  Richard  Hodgson,  esq,f  M.P.  for  Berwick, 
to  Catherine,  daughter  and  co-heiress  of  the  late  Anthony 
Compton,  esq.,  of  Carhatn  Hall. 

October. — Died,  in  London,  aged  65,  Colonel  Sir  Horace  David 
Cholwell  St.  Paul,  bart.,  of  Ewart  Park,  near'Wooler,  Northum- 
berland. The  deceased  was  succeeded  by  his  only  son,  Horace, 
M.P.  for  Worcestershire.  The  late  baronet  was  the  grandson  of 
Horace  St.  Paul,  esq.,  who  was  an  officer  of  distinction  in  the 
service  of  Austria  during  the  seven  years'  war,  and  was  created  a 
count  of  the  Holy  Roman  Empire. 

October  13. — A  fancy  and  full  dress  ball,  upon  a  scale  of  unusual 
magnitude  and  splendour,  was  given  by  the  mayor  of  Newcastle 
(John  Carr,  esq  ),  at  the  Assembly  Rooms,  in  that  town.  Up- 
wards of  a  thousand  cards  of  invitation  were  issued,  and  the 
brilliant  assembly  was  graced  by  the  presence  of  nearly  eight 
hundred  ladies  and  gentlemen.  The  whole  affair  passed  off  in  the 
most  admirable  manner.  All  appeared  delighted  with  the  amuse- 
ments of  the  evening,  and  all  felt  no  less  obliged  to  the  worthy 
mayor  and  mayoress  for  having  provided  so  splendid  an  entertain- 
ment. The  fancy  dresses  were  numerous  and  elegant,  and  upon 
the  whole  interesting.  They  embraced  the  costumes  of  France, 
Switzerland,  Spain,  Italy,  Germany,  Tyrol,  Naples,  Poland, 
Albania,  Turkey,  Greece,  Hungary,  Persia,  China,  Circassia, 
Arabia,  Canada,  and  Africa.  Nor  were  the  Highlanders,  brigand 
chiefs,  courtiers,  Robin  Hoods,  Huntsmen,  Hamlets,  old  English 
gentlemen,  &c.,  allowed  to  be  forgotten. 

October  23. — A  fatal  accident  occurred  at  Farnacres  Colliery, 
near  Ravens  worth.  The  banksman,  shortly  before  one  o'clock  in  the 
morning,  hearing  a  loud  noise  in  the  pit,  threw  a  stone  down  the 
shaft,  and  found  that  it  fell  amongst  water.  He  then  shouted,  but 
received  no  answer,  and  in  a  few  seconds  the  shaft,  which  is  20 
fathoms  deep,  was  completely  filled.  The  workmen,  five  in  num- 
ber, perished  in  the  mine.  A  steam  engine,  capable  of  pumping 
740  gallons  in  a  minute,  was  immediately  set  to  work,  but  it  was 
nearly  a  month  before  the  first  body,  William  Wilkinson,  was 
found,  and  the  water  was  not  got  fairly  under,  and  the  other  men 
found,  until  several  months  after  the  accident.  The  names  of  the 
unfortunate  men  were  James  Rankin,  James  Heslop,  William 
Wetherby,  and  Andrew  Evans. 

November  9. — The  following  gentlemen  were  elected  mayors  and 
sheriffs : — Newcastle,  John  Ridley,  esq.,  mayor  ;  James  Archbold, 

T 


138  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [>.D.    1840. 

esq.,  sheriff ;  Gateshead,  William  Hymers,  esq.,  mayor ;  Durham, 
John  Bramwell,  esq.,  mayor;  Sunderland,  Richard  White,  esq,, 
mayor  ;  Stockton,  William  Skinner,  jun.,  esq.,  mayor  ;  Morpeth, 
Thomas  Bowser,  esq.,  mayor ;  Berwick,  George  Johnston,  esq., 
mayor ;  Thomas  Hogarth,  esq.,  sheriff. 

1840  (November  13). — Died,  at  Alnwick,  aged  93,  Mr.  Thomas 
Bamburgh,  blacksmith.  He  was  deprived  of  a  leg  by  the  bursting 
of  a  cannon,  fired  on  the  Duke  of  Northumberland's  birthday,  in 
1785,  and  the  Percy  family  liberally  provided  for  him  till  his 
death. 

December  4. — A  traveller  for  a  Newcastle  house,  lost  his 
pocket-book,  containing  £300,  between  Hexham  and  Alston.  He 
returned  in  the  llp&e  that  it  might  be  recovered.  On  the  road  he 
met  a  gentleman,  named  Baty,  and  enquired  if  he  had  seen  the 
pocket-book  ;  Baty  replied  in  the  affirmative,  and  produced  it  with 
the  money  safe.  £5  having  been  offered  to  him  for  the  restoration, 
he  enquired  if  the  traveller  were  a  principal  in  the  firm,  and  on 
finding  that  he  was  not,  he  refused  to  accept  the  offered  reward. 

December  14. — An  eagle  was  shot  on  the  sands  near  Hadstone, 
by  Samuel  Taylor,  gamekeeper  to  A.  J.  Baker  Cresswell,  esq., 
which  measured,  from  tip  to  tip,  eight  feet,  in  height,  three  feet 
two  inches. 

December  31. — Died,  at  the  Vicarage  House,  Newcastle,  in 
his  72nd  year,  the  Rev.  John  Dodd,  for  sixteen  years  vicar  of  that 
town.  The  interment  of  the  deceased  took  place  on  the  6th  of 
January,  in  St.  Nicholas*  Church,  on  which  mournful  occasion, 
every  mark  of  respect  was  paid  to  departed  worth  by  the  clergy 
of  the  town  and  neighbourhood,  as  well  as  by  the  public  at  large. 


r 


THF,  VICARAGE  HOUSE,  NEWCASTLE. 

December. — An  event,  displaying  the  extreme  point  to  which 
certain  impressions  can  be  carried,  took  place  within  a  few  miles 
of  Haydon  Bridge.  Ann  Laing,  housekeeper  with  Thomas 
Errington,  an  agent  to  the  lessees  of  Stublick  Colliery,  retired  to 


A,D.  1841.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS  139 

rest,  nothing  being  perceived  in  her  appearance,  denoting  that  she 
was  labouring  under  any  mental  infirmity.  Errington  awoke 
about  two  o'clock  in  the  morning,  by  his  housekeeper  shaking  him. 
violently,  and  telling  him  that  she  could  not  succeed  in  cutting  her 
legs  off  with  the  axe,  so  that  he  must  get  up  and  take  them  off 
with  the  saw.  On  examination,  it  was  found  that  the  unfortunate 
woman  had  inflicted  on  one  of  her  legs  no  fewer  than  thirteen 
cuts,  the  bone  being  splintered  in  several  places.  Her  other  leg 
was  likewise  severely  injured.  On  enquiring  into  the  cause  of  her 
so  injuring  herself,  the  only  reason  which  she  assigned  was,  that 
she  could  not  enter  heaven  with  her  feet  on. 

1840  (December), — Died,  this  month,  at  Norton,  near  Stockton, 
aged  105,  Mrs.  Mary  Wilkinson. 

1841  (January  18J. — One  of  the  heaviest  disasters,  that  ever 
befel  the  shipping  of  the  river  Wear,  occurred  on  the  morning  of 
this   day.     After  a  long  continued  frost,  which  had   covered  the 
upper  part  of  the  river  with  ice  several  inches  thick,  a  sudden  thaw 
took  place,  accompanied  with  heavy  rain,  and  the  ice  having  been 
broken   up  by  the  flood,  was  brought  down  the  river  with  great 
impetuosity.     As    the  front    sheets  came    down    they    met    with 
obstacles  at  every  turn  of  the  river,  the  pieces  behind  were  driven 
either  under  or  upon  them,  and  thus  huge  unwieldy  masses  were 
cemented   together,  to  the  depth  of  several  feet.     At  length  the 
barrier  of  ice  yielded  to  the  increasing  pressure  of  water,  and  the 
mingled  torrent  rushing  down  with  irresistible  force,  tore  away 
whole  tiers  of  ships  from  their  moorings  at  the  Hetton  and  Lamb- 
ton  Staiths,  hurried  them  rapidly  under  the  bridge,  breaking  their 
masts  in   the  passage,  and   then  dashing  them  against  the  vessels 
below,  swept  away  tier  after  tier,  and   huddled  them  into  a  mass 
of  wrecks,  extending  from  one  side  of  the  river  to  the  other.     All 
who  witnessed  this  scene  of  destruction,  admit  their  utter  inability 
to  convey  anything  like  an   adequate  idea  of  its  terrors.     The 
shouting  of  men,  the  shrieks  of  terrified  sea  boys,  who  had  been 
aroused  from  their  sleep  by  the  noise  of  the  ice  rushing  against  the 
ships  sides,  the  breaking  of  bowsprits,  masts,  and   bulwarks — and 
all  in   darkness — formed  a  chaos  of  horror  enough   to  appal  the 
stoutest  heart.     When  morning  broke,  it  revealed  such  a  picture 
of  havoc  as  only   such  a  night  could  have  made.     A  number  of 
ships  had   been  carried   out  to   sea,  and   were  picked  up  by  the 
pilots  of  Hartlepool  and  Seaham,  others  were  sunk  in  the  harbour, 
among  which  were  the   Newby,  the  Pilgrim,   the  Rosebud,  the 
Kirton,  the  Seaflower,  the  Victoria,  Les  Deux  Amis,  the  Caroline, 
four  steam-tugs,  and  above  thirty  keels.     The  spectacle  presented 
by  the  crowd  of  vessels,  immediately  above  the  more  unfortunate 
craft  just  named,  literally  beggared  all  description.     Scarcely  a 
vessel  in  the  harbour  escaped  without  damage.     So   sudden  and 
tremendous  a  blow  to  the  very  vitals  of  the  commerce  of  the  port, 
seemed  almost  to   have  stupified,  for  a  while,  those  most  deeply 
interested,  but,  rapidly  arousing  themselves  from  their  temporary 
lethargy,  the  shipowners  applied  themselves  rigorously  to  the  rescue 


140  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.    1841. 

of  their  property,  and,  with  the  aid  of  steamboats,  which  had, luckily, 
taken  shelter  in  the  Wearmouth  Docks,  a  passage  was  effected, 
and  the  ice  went  to  sea.  It  could  scarcely  be  expected  that  so 
frightful  a  destruction  of  property  would  occur  without  the  loss 
of  life.  A  boy  belonging  to  the  Richard,  and  a  young  man 
named  Davison,  belonging  to  the  Newby,  were  drowned.  The 
loss  arising  from  the  disaster  was  estimated  at  about  £100,000. 

1841  (January  20). — Died,  at  the  Grove,  near  Durham,  aged  78, 
Elizabeth,  relict  of  Stephen  George  Kemble,  esq.  The  deceased 
was  the  daughter  of  Mr.  Satchell,  and,  in  early  life,  was  one  of  the 
first  actresses  of  the  day,  her  appearance  in  Newcastle  being 
always  hailed  with  great  satisfaction  by  the  audience.  In  almost 
every  range  of  character  she  was  eminently  successful,  she  was 
allowed  to  be  the  best  Ophelia  on  the  stage,  and  she  was  equally 
excellent  in  Mrs.  Haller,  Portia,  Nell,  Beatrice,  Cowslip,  Cicely, 
Home-spun,  &c.  Her  remains  were  interred  on  the  28th,  by 
the  side  of  her  late  husband,  at  the  Nine  Altars,  in  Durham 
Cathedral. 

January  24. — Sunday  afternoon,  during  a  heavy  squall  of 
wind,  then  veering  to  the  E.,  accompanied  by  a  severe  drifting 
fall  of  snow,  the  schooner  Mariner,  of  Perth,  which  had  sailed 
from  the  Tyne  on  Friday,  the  22nd,  made  her  appearance  again 
at  the  bar,  and,  as  is  too  frequently  the  case  in  such  emergencies, 
to  escape  from  the  danger  of  Tynemouth  rocks,  she  kept  too  far 
south  and  ran  upon  the  Herd.  The  steamer  Advance  attempted 
to  approach  the  schooner  to  render  assistance  ;  the  sea  at  this  time 
was  dashing  half-mast  high  over  the  vessel,  when  a  sea  swept  the 
decks  of  the  sleamer,  putting  out  her  fire,  and  carrying  two  men 
overboard  ;  one  was  got  back,  but  the  other,  George  Goolock,  was 
drowned  :  he  attempted  to  swim  to  the  schooner,  and  approached 
near  to  her,  but  there  the  crew  had  taken  to  the  rigging,  and  no 
one  could  throw  a  rope  to  the  perishing  man,  whose  yells  and  cries 
in  the  agonies  of  death  were  audible  to  the  crowds  of  spectators 
on  both  sides  of  the  river,  but  his  appeals  were  in  vain  :  he 
evidently  had  been  accustomed  to  swim,  and  buffeted  for  some 
minutes  with  the  furious  sea ;  nature  at  last  became  helpless,  his 
piercing  cries  became  less  audible,  and  he  sunk  to  rise  no  more. 
Meantime  this  disaster  was  enacting,  the  South  Shields  life  boat 
was  speedily  manned,  and  proceeded  to  the  Herd ;  the  crew  of 
the  schooner  were  taken  from  the  rigging,  and  soon  after  landed 
safe  in  the  harbour.  The  schooner  was  afterwards  got  off  the 
Herd,  and  brought  into  the  harbour. 

January  29. — A  fire  broke  out  this  morning,  in  the  naptha 
manufactory  of  Mr.  Thoburn,  at  the  Felling  Shore,  near  Gates- 
head,  and  the  building  was  soon  almost  entirely  destroyed. 

February  6. — A  severe  snow  storm  prevailed  at  this  period, 
during  which  the  rivers  Wansbeck  and  Blyth  were  visited  by 
flocks  of  aquatic  birds.  On  the  above  day,  at  the  High  Pans, 
North  Blyth,  Mr.  William  Curry  shot  a  swan,  which  was  five  feet 
long,  and  eight  feet  broad  (from  tip  to  tip  of  the  wings).  The 


A.D.    1841.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  141 

length  of  the  neck  was  about  three  feet,  the  weight  of  the  bird 
about  281b. 

1841  (February  8). — The  body  of  Mr.  John  Wingate,  of  Newcastle, 
who  had  been  missing  for  six  weeks,  was  found  in  the  Team, 
near  Dunston.  An  inquest  was  held  before  Mr.  Michael  Hall, 
coroner,  when,  there  being  no  evidence  to  show  how  he  got  into 
the  water,  the  jury  returned  a  verdict  of  "  Found  drowned.'* 
Previous  to  the  body  being  found,  a  remarkable  instance  of  the 
sagacity  of  a  Newfoundland  dog  occurred.  For  two  or  three  days 
before  the  body  was  found  the  animal  had  been  observed  running 
to  and  from  the  place  to  the  ironworks,  barking  and  howling  each 
time,  but  no  one  was  induced  to  follow  it.  At  length  it  was 
supposed  the  dog  was  mad,  and,  in  consequence,  it  was  shot ;  and 
in  about  an  hour  afterwards  the  body  was  discovered,  when  the 
cause  of  the  poor  animals  excitement  was  made  apparent. 

February  19. — This  morning,  a  fire  broke  out  in  the  ship- 
building yard  of  Messrs.  J.  arid  C.  Alcock,  at  Sunderland,  which 
raged  with  great  fury  for  three  hours.  Several  fire-engines  were 
put  into  operation,  and,  there  being  a  plentiful  supply  of  water, 
the  flames  were  at  length  extinguished,  after  doing  damage  to  the 
amount  of  about  £1,200. 

February  19. — About  half-past  eleven  o'clock  this  evening, 
a  fire  was  discovered  to  be  raging  in  the  magnificent  and  princely 
family  mansion  of  the  Marquis  of  Londonderry,  at  Wynyard 
Park,  in  the  county  of  Durham,  and,  nothwithstanding  the  utmost 
exertions  of  the  servants,  almost  the  whole  building  was  consumed 
before  the  fire  was  subdued.  It  would  be  impossible  to  enumerate 
the  immense  quantity  of  valuable  articles  of  furniture,  &c.,  which 
fell  a  prey  to  the  flames,  but  we  may  mention  the  several  glass 
chandeliers,  together  with  some  immensely  large  mirrors,  and 
beautiful  stained  glass  windows,  with  numerous  exquisite  works 
of  art,  in  statuary  and  paintings,  amongst  which,  were  portraits  of 
Queen  Anne,  George  III.,  and  Queen  Charlotte,  and  the  whole  of 
the  Tempest  family  pictures,  not  any  of  which  were  saved.  The 
conservatory  contained  a  number  of  camelias,  15  feet  high,  and  a 
fine  specimen  of  the  Norfolk  Island  pine,  together  with  25  orange 
trees,  in  full  growth,  formerly  the  property  of  the  Empress 
Josephine,  with  a  number  of  other  rare  and  choice  exotics,  all 
of  which  were  totally  destroyed.  The  damage  was  estimated  at 
£150,000.  The  cause  of  the  fire  was  never  ascertained.  The  site 
of  this  mansion  was  formerly  occupied  by  a  hall,  of  the  same 
name,  which  was  the  residence  of  the  late  Sir  Henry  Vane 
Tempest,  the  father  of  the  then  Marchioness  of  Londonderry. 
The  building  was  commenced  in  1822.  The  whole  of  the  stone 
of  this  fabric  was  brought  26  miles,  from  a  quarry  on  the  family 
estate  at  Penshaw,  Philip  W.  Wyatt,  esq.,  architect.  From  the 
above  it  will  be  seen  that  the  late  hall  had  been  upwards  of 
nineteen  years  in  building.  At  the  time  of  this  calamity,  it  was 
fast  approaching  towards  completion,  being  expected  to  be  finished 
in  about  another  year. 


142  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1841. 

1841  (March  15;.— As  some  men  were  repairing  the  shaft  of 
Cowpen  Colliery  North  Pit,  a  fall  of  a  large  mass  of  old  materials 
from  the  sides  took  place,  which,  descending  upon  the  cradle,  in 
which  the  men  were  suspended,  precipitated  four  of  them  to  the 
bottom  of  the  pit,  killing  them  on  the  spot.  Another  man  caught  hold 
of  some  timber  attached  to  the  shaft,  and  escaped  unhurt.  The 
sufferers  were  Joseph  Wright,  aged  37,  who  left  a  wife  and  three 
children  ;  Francis  Reay,  who  left  a  wife  and  five  children  ;  James 
Reay,  who  left  a  wife  and  six  children;  Stephen  Heron,  unmarried; 
William  Heron,  the  rescued  pitman,  was  the  brother  of  Stephen, 
and  had  a  wife  and  young  family. 

March. — Died,  in  London,  aged  29,  Christopher  Tate,  sculptor, 
of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne,  much  and  deservedly  respected.  The 
deceased  served  his  apprenticeship  with  Mr.  Davies,  marble 
mason,  and  afterwards  became  an  assistant  to  Mr.  D unbar,  at  that 
time  residing  in  Newcastle.  His  talents  as  an  artist  were  of  a 
very  superior  character,  and  his  first  great  effort  was  the  royal 
arms,  which  grace  the  tympanum  of  the  theatre  in  Grey-street. 
It  is  allowed  to  be  a  work  of  great  merit,  of  which  the  people  of 
Newcastle  may  always  be  proud  as  the  production  of  a  local  artist. 
He  likewise  executed  statues  of  "  Blind  Willie,"  the  Duke  of 
Northumberland,  Mr.  G.  Straker,  the  Rev.  J.  Worsick,  D. 
Urquhart,esq.,&c.  For  some  time  prior  to  his  leaving  Newcastle,  he 
was  engaged  upon  a  full  length  portait  of  the  Duke  of  Northum- 
berland, intended  to  be  erected  on  the  area  in  front  of  the  Master 
Mariners'  Asylum,  at  Tynemouth.  The  state  of  his  health  was 
such  as  to  render  it  imperative  on  him  to  leave  his  work 
unfinished,  in  order  to  proceed  to  a  warmer  climate.  He  took  his 
departure  from  his  friends,  never  to  return,  and  to  those  who  knew 
him,  nothing  was  left  but  the  melancholy  consolation  to  be  derived 
from  the  remembrance  of  his  distinguished  talents  and  many 
amiable  qualities.  The  statue  of  the  duke  was  finished  by  Mr.  R. 
G.  Davies, 

Narch  25. — During  the  night,  a  man  named  James  Robinson, 
a  joiner,  who  had  been  confined  in  the  lock-up  at  Stockton, 
for  examination  on  several  charges  of  felony,  pulled  down  the 
fire-place  of  the  room  where  he  was  confined  in,  made  a  hole 
through  the  wall  with  one  of  the  iron  bars,  and  walked  off  without 
molestation. 

March. — This  month  Mr.  Benjamin  Green,  of  the  firm  of 
Messrs.  John  and  Benjamin  Green,  of  Newcastle,  received  a  vote 
of  thanks  from  the  Institution  of  Civil  Engineers,  in  London,  for 
a  paper,  accompanied  by  eight  illustrative  drawings,  on  arched 
timber  viaducts,  on  the  laminated  principle,  which  Messrs.  Green 
have  so  successfully  employed  in  the  stupendous  viaducts  of  the 
Newcastle  and  North  Shields  Railway. 

March  30. — That  important  national  undertaking,  the  Great 
North  of  England  Railway,  was  opened  by  the  directors,  the 
shareholders,  and  a  limited  party  of  friends,  travelling  the  entire 
distance  from  Darlington  to  York,  where  they  were  received  by 


A.D.  1841.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  143 

the  authorities  of  the  North  Midland  Company,  who  had  pro- 
vided an  elegant  luncheon  for  the  party.  In  the  afternoon,  the 
trains  returned  to  Darlington,  where  a  dinner  took  place  at  the 
Queen's  Head  Inn,  to  celebrate  the  event  of  the  day,  G.  H. 
Wilkinson  and  Thomas  Meynell,esqrs., chairman  and  vice-chairman 
of  the  board  of  direction,  presided  in  the  like  capacities  at  the 
table,  and  George  Hudson,  esq.,  and  many  of  the  directors  of  the 
North  Midland  Company,  were  among  the  guests. 

1841  (April). — The  Sunderland  Herald  records  the  following  : — 
On  the  first  of  April,  1835,  the  wife  of  Mr.  George  Ormston,  grocer, 
High-street,  in  this  town,  gave  birth  to  a  daughter.  Exactly  two 
years  after,  on  the  first  of  April,  1837,  she  produced  another 
daughter,  and  two  years  afterwards,  viz.,  on  the  first  of  April, 
1839,  she  again  presented  her  husband  with  a  girl.  The  thing  had 
now  become  so  regular  that  on  this  occasion  Mr.  Ormston  informed 
some  friends,  who  had  met  to  drink  the  good  lady's  health,  that  if 
they  would  call  on  him  that  day  two  years  they  should  have  a 
similar  pleasure.  This  promise  came  to  the  lady's  ears,  and,  in 
order  that  her  lord  and  master  should  not  look  like  "  an  April 
fool,"  she  obligingly  gave  birth  to  another  daughter  on  Thursday, 
the  first  of  April,  1841. 

April  8. — A  distressing  and  mournful  suicide  was  committed 
at  Trewhitt  North  Moor,  near  Rothbury,  Northumberland,  by 
Mr.  Henry  Boag,  relieving  officer  to  the  Board  of  Guardians  of 
the  Rothbury  Poor  Law  Union.  From  the  evidence  given  at  the 
inquest  held  on  the  body,  before  Thomas  Adams  Russell,  esq.,  it 
appeared  that  some  circumstances  which  had  occurred  in  connection 
with  the  situation  of  the  deceased  had  preyed  upon  his  mind,  and 
threats  which  had  been  used,  that  he  would  be  watched,  and,  if 
possible,  punished,  produced  such  an  impression  on  him,  that  on 
the  night  of  Tuesday,  the  6th,  after  a  stormy  meeting  of  the  Board, 
he  had  never  slept,  but  wandered  about  his  room  in  great  distress. 
The  next  day  he  had  gone  to  Elsdon,  in  the  performance  of  his 
duties,  when  he  saw  the  Archdeacon  of  Northumberland,  of  whose 
kind  feelings  he  afterwards  expressed  himself  very  warmly.  On 
his  return  from  thence  he  wrote  a  long  letter  to  the  clerk  of  the 
Union,  from  which  the  following  are  extracts : — 

My  dear  Sir, — I  do  not  see  how  I  can  get  out  of  this  business.  The  rector 
and  Charlton  will  appear  against  me.  Mr.  Pye  owns  with  having  got  the 
money  up  to  the  25th  of  December,  1839,  and  it  seems  that  I  have  carried 
the  sum  on  in  my  books  for  three  quarters  more.  1  declare  to  my  Maker 
that  I  was  not  conscious  of  it.  The  way  we  keep  the  books  one  can  never 
see  how  the  money  stands.  I  declare  I  am  innocent  The  only  thing  I 
regret  is  in  leaving  my  poor  little  children.  Give  my  regards  to  Sir  John 
Walsham,  Mr.  Orde,  and  all  my  friends.  I  am  sure  Sir  John  and  Mr.  Orde 
would  do  me  justice.  My  eldest  daughter  is  18  years  of  age,  and,  therefore, 
can  do  for  herself  ;  the  boy  about  13  years;  the  next  girl  goes  to  her  aunt, 
where  she  will  be  well  off ;  the  next  is  a  little  darling,  clever  boy,  about 
six  years  old  ;  the  next  about  three  years,  but,  poor  little  fellow,  he  is  not 
right  in  his  mind  ;  the  youngest  is  one  and  a  half  years.  I  hope  some  of  my 
friends  will  assist  them.  You  have  been  one  of  the  best  friends  I  ever  met 
with.  I  regret  leaving  William  Forster  and  his  brother,  and  many,  many 


144  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OP  [A.D.  1841. 

dear  friends.  I  am  writing  in  as  good  spirits  as  ever  I  did  in  my  life.  I  am 
perfectly  reconciled  to  my  fate.  I  have  paid  Chavlton,  of  Tod  Hill,  £2  2s. 
too  much.  You  will  find  the  accounts  right  to  the  25th  of  March.  I  would 
not,  on  any  account,  have  the  rector  or  Thompson,  the  curate,  to  bury  me. 
I  do  not  care  where  I  am  buried.  I  am  perfectly  happy,  and  trust,  prepared 

to  die. 

I  am,  mv  dear  Mr.  Woodman,  very  sincerely  yours, 

HENKY  BOAG. 

After  entering  his  own  death  in  the  register  book,  he  left  his 
house  on  horseback,  about  two  in  the  afternoon,  and  was  seen  to 
look  earnestly  back  towards  it.  He  left  his  house  at  Warton, 
went  to  two  or  three  places,  till  about  six  in  the  evening,  when  he 
had  gone  to  a  hovel  upon  Low  Trewhitt  estate,  which  was 
formerly  his  own  property,  and  from  whence  he  could  look  down 
upon  the  house  where  he  had  spent  the  greatest  part  of  his  life. 
He  then  swallowed  an  ounce  of  laudanum,  after  which  he  wrote 
in  pencil,  the  following,  upon  the  back  of  a  letter : — "  I  have 
taken  about  a  wine  glass  of  laudanum,  at  the  shed  on  Trewhitt 
North  Moor.  God  bless  you  all,  except  the  rector  and  George 
Selby  Thompson.  It  is  getting  nearly  dark.  I  die  at  peace  with 
all  mankind,  except  the  above.  God  bless  you  all ;  good  night." 
He  had  afterwards  strangled  himself  with  a  rope  fastened  to  the 
lintel.  The  jury  found  a  verdict  of  "  Temporary  insanity."  The 
remains  of  Mr.  Boag  were  interred  at  Alnwick  Church,  and  were 
accompanied  to  their  last  resting  place  by  a  great  number  of  the 
Guardians  of  the  Union,  and  his  other  friends,  who  voluntarily 
attended  to  testify  the  respect  they  entertained  for  him.  who, 
while  living,  alike  in  his  prosperous  days  as  in  adversity,  had 
gained  the  good  opinion  of  all  who  knew  him. 

1841  (April  15.)  -*A  melancholy  case  of  stabbing  occurred  in 
Newcastle,  which  terminated  fatally.  The  person  whose  life  was 
thus  suddenly  cut  short  was  John  Donkin,  aged  nineteen,  an 
apprentice  with  Mr.  Henry  Robson,  shoemaker,  Eldon-lane, 
Percy-street.  On  the  forenoon  of  the  above  day,  the  deceased  was 
at  work  in  his  master's  shop,  where  three  other  workmen  were 
employed,  namely,  Henry  Stokoe,  Thomas  Heppel,  and  William 
Cattermole.  There  were  also  three  strangers  in  the  shop,  named 
Robert  Oxley,  Fenwick  Chambers,  and  a  man  named  Cruddace. 
William  Cattermole  was  a  person  of  weak  intellect,  and  was  often, 
made  the  object  of  "  fun"  by  his  fellow  workmen.  A  little  before 
noon  the  deceased  snatched  off  Cattermole's  cap  and  tossed  it 
across  the  room,  when  Cattermole  quickly  seized  a  knife  and 
stabbed  Duncan  in  the  thick  part  of  the  thigh.  Mr.  Turner 
attended  to  Donkin's  wound,  and  he  appeared  to  be  doing  well  till 
the  18th,  when  mortification  took  place,  and  he  expired  on  the 
19th,  Cattermole  was  tried  at  the  Newcastle  Summer  Assizes, 
found  guilty  of  manslaughter,  and  sentenced  to  one  months'  im- 
prisonment, with  hard  labour. 

April  17. — Two  splendid  windows  of  stained  glass,  executed 
by  Mr.  Wailes,  of  Newcastle,  were  placed  in  the  parish  church 
of  All  Saints'  in  that  town,  The  principal  figures  were  St.  Peter 


A.D.  1841.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  145 

and  St.  Paul,  which  were  surrounded  by  twenty-four  coats  of  arms 
of  the  subscribers  to  this  improvement. 

1841  (April  19J. — A  melancholy  explosion  occurred  atWillington 
Colliery,  the  property  of  Matthew  Bell,  esq.,  M,P.,  by  which 
thirty-two  poor  fellows  were  suddenly  hurried  out  of  existence, 
whilst  only  three,  out  of  thirty-five  who  were  down  the  pit  at  the 
time,  were  saved.  The  first  intimation  of  danger  was  a  tremendous 
noise,  accompanied  by  a  dense  cloud  of  smoke  issuing  from  the 
shaft  mouth,  and  a  violent  shock  in  the  neighbourhood,  resembling 
what  might  be  supposed  to  proceed  from  an  earthquake.  This 
noise  was  heard  at  a  great  distance,  and  in  every  direction, 
spreading  dismay  and  terror  amongst  the  friends  and  relatives  of 
those  who  were  employed  in  the  pit.  The  remains  of  the 
sufferers  were  recovered  two  or  three  days  after,  many  of  them 
being  very  much  burnt  and  mutilated.  The  cause  of  the  calamity 
was  attributed  to  the  neglect  of  a  poor  little  boy,  a  trapper,  who 
left  the  trap-door  in  the  north  headway,  to  which  it  was  his  duty 
to  attend,  to  play  with  two  other  boys  close  by. 

May  10. — A  grand  military  review  took  place  on  the  Town- 
moor,  Newcastle.  The  98th  regiment  of  foot,  commanded  by 
Colonel  Campbell,  were  presented  with  new  colours  by  General 
Sir  Charles  Napier.  The  gallant  general  addressed  the  regiment 
at  some  length,  and  concluded  with  these  words,  "  Colonel  Camp- 
bell, use  your  colours,  and  stand  by  them."  In  the  evening,  the 
officers  of  the  regiment  gave  a  grand  ball  and  supper  in  the 
Assembly  Rooms,  to  250  ladies  and  gentlemen. 

May  17. — As  some  workmen  were  employed  in  a  quarry  on  the 
Kirkharle  estate,  Northumberland,  they  discovered  a  worm 
embedded  in  the  solid  freestone.  After  exposing  it  to  the  air  for 
three  or  four  minutes  it  died. 

May  18. — Sir  Jacob  Astley,  of  Melton  Constable,  Norfolk,  and 
of  Seaton  Delaval,  in  the  county  of  Northumberland,  bart.,  was 
summoned  to  the  House  of  Peers,  as  Baron  Hastings,  he  being 
one  of  the  heirs  of  Sir  John  de  Hastings,  summoned  to  parliament 
by  the  above  title,  in  the  18th  year  of  the  reign  of  King  Edward 
the  first.  On  the  2nd  of  June,  his  lordship's  tenantry  at  Seaton 
Delaval,  celebrated  the  event  by  a  dinner  at  Mr.  Reay's,  the 
Queen's  Arms,  Seaton  Sluice. 

May  23. — Died,  at  Sandhoe  House,  Northumberland,  aged  77, 
Edward  Charlton,  esq.,  a  gentleman,  whose  hospitality  and 
generosity  were  almost  proverbial.  His  funeral  took  place  on 
the  31st,  at  the  Catholic  Cemetery,  Hexham,  when  the  shops,  &c., 
were  closed  as  a  token  of  respect  and  regret. 

May  29. — A  sad  accident  occurred  at  Derwent  Crook  Colliery, 
near  G-ateshead,  the  property  of  Lord  Ravensworth  and  Partners. 
Between  four  and  five  o'clock  in  the  afternoon,  the  men  connected 
with  the  works  were  sitting  in  the  engine-house,  taking  their 
"  allowance,"  when  they  became  suddenly  aware  that  the  boiler 
was  exploding.  They  had  but  a  moment  for  flight.  The  body  of 
the  boiler,  weighing  about  four  tons,  became  separated  from  the 


146 


HISTORICAL   REGISTER   O#  [A,P.  1841. 


bottom,  and  was  lifted  entirely  over  the  engine-house  alighting 
on  the  opposite  side.  Mr.  Michael  Almond,  engineer  to  the 
colliery,  was  caught  by  a  large  detached  portion  of  the  bottom 
plate,  which  severed  his  arm  from  his  body,  tore  the  flesh  from 
his  side,  and  took  off  one  of  his  legs.  He  expired  in  a  few 
moments.  Ten  of  the  workmen  were  severely  scalded,  three  of 
them  afterwards  died  from  the  injuries  they  received. 

1841  (May  31). — Died,  at  Morpeth,  aged  103,  Mrs.  Jane  Stoney. 

jum  7. — Andrew  Hudson,  of  Little  Bavington,  while  working 
in  a  limestone  quarry  at  Cocklaw  Walls,  in  the  parish  of 
Thockrington,  Northumberland,  found  the  bones  of  two  human 
bodies  amongst  a  quantity  of  loose  stones.  The  bones  were  col- 
lected and  deposited  in  Kirkheaton  Churchyard. 

june  7. — The  following  are  the  returns  made  by  the  enumera- 
tors of  the  population  of  Neweastle-upon-Tyne  : — District  of 
St.  Nicholas,  including  part  of  the  parish  of  St.  John  :  2,957 
inhabited  houses,  111  uninhabited,  52  building:  Population — 
males,  7,558;  females,  7,503;  total,  15,061.  District  of  All 
Saints,  comprising  the  whole  of  Pilgrim,  Pandon,  and  Quayside 
wards,  and  that  part  of  Sandgate  ward  which  lies  west  of  the 
Ouseburn:  4,479  inhabited  houses,  328  uninhabited,  50  building: 
Population— males,  9,203,  females,  9,779  ;  total,  18,982.  District 
of  St.  Andrew,  which  comprises  about  five-sixths  of  the  parish : 
2,655  inhabited  houses,  93  uninhabited,  24  building :  Population — 
males,  6,102,  females,  7,222  ;  total,  13,324.  District  of  Westgate, 
which  includes  Elswick,  Benwell,  and  Fenham :  2,863  inhabited 
houses,  183  uninhabited,  103  building  :  Population — males,  6,627, 
females,  7,158 ;  total,  13,785.  Byker  district,  including  Byker, 
Jesmond,  Heaton,  and  that  part  of  the  parish  of  All  Saints  east  of 
the  Ouseburn:  2,381  inhabited  houses,  157  uninhabited, 22  building. 
Population— males,  5,276,  females,  5,413  ;  total,  10,689.  Grand 
total — 15,345  inhabited  houses,  872  uninhabited,  251  building : 
Population — 71,841.  Increase  over  the  census  of  1831 — 16,850. 

The  borough  of  Gateshead,  according  to  the  new  census,  contained 
19,000  inhabitants,  being  an  increase  of  about  4,000  over  1831. 

June  7. — On  the  evening  of  this  day,  the  inhabitants  of 
Sandgate,  Newcastle,  witnessed  such  a  scene  of  riot  and  outrage  as 
had  not  been  exhibited  there  for  several  years.  A  number  of  the 
men  belonging  to  the  87th  regiment,  stationed  at  the  Barracks, 
were  drinking  at  several  public  houses  in  Sandgate,  and,  early  in 
the  afternoon,  were  attracting  the  attention  of  the  inhabitants  and 
of  the  policeman  on  duty.  No  open  rupture,  however,  took  place, 
until  somewhere  about  eight  o'clock,  when  Mrs.  M'Gallon,  the 
hostess  of  the  Green  Tree,  where  there  were  three  soldiers  drink- 
ing, found  her  company  getting  so  uproarious,  that,  to  save  her 
articles  from  being  broken,  she  called  on  the  police  to  clear  the 
house.  One  soldier  who  was  lying  drunk  on  the  floor,  was  lifted 
up  and  assisted  into  the  street,  with  a  view  of  setting  him  on  his 
way  home.  The  soldier  being  seen  thus  accompanied,  gave  rise  to 
an  idea  that  he  was  in  custody,  and  some  person  called  out  that 


A.D.  1841.] 


REMARKABLE    EVENTS. 


147 


they  were  taking  a  soldier  to  the  station  house,  when  five  of  the 
corps,  who  had  been  drinking  in  the  same  public  house,  rushed  out 
and  insisted  upon  having  their  comrade,  the  policemen  wishing  to 
have  the  man  out  of  the  street,  refused,  when  one  or  two  of  them 
were  knocked  down,  and  the  others  took  out  their  batons  and 
defended  themselves  as  well  as  they  could.  The  soldiers  struck 
resolutely  both  with  their  fists  and  their  canes,  the  populace,  now 
greatly  excited,  took  part  with  the  soldiers,  and  a  regular  riot 
ensued.  At  one  time  at  least  5,000  people  were  assembled,  and  it 
was  with  great  difficulty  the  disturbance  was  quelled.  In  conse- 
quence of  the  behaviour  of  the  soldiers,  the  regiment  was  shortly 
after  ordered  to  proceed  to  Hull. 


SANDGATE,  NEWCASTLE. 

1841  (June  8). — A  trout  was  caught  with  the  rod  in  the  Coquet, 
near  Rothbury,  by  Mr.  W.  G.  Armstrong,  of  Newcastle,  which 
measured  23|  inches  in  length  and  12|  in  girth,  and  weighed 
4  Ib.  7  ozs.  He  was  taken  in  fair  angling,  in  the  middle  of  the 
day,  and  in  a  state  of  the  water  unusually  low  and  clear.  The 
exhibition  of  such  a  trout  created  no  little  sensation  in  Rothbury. 

June  15. — A  fire  broke  out  this  morning,  in  Mr.  R.  Harrison's 
skin-yard,  Stepney-bank,  Newcastle,  and,  so  rapidly  did  the  flames 
extend,  that,  notwithstanding  every  exertion,  the  whole  of  the 
premises  were  consumed. 


148  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1841. 

1841. — In  the  early  part  of  this  year  was  discovered  amongst 
the  ancient  records  of  the  city  of  London,  at  the  Guildhall,  a  con- 
tract between  King  Charles  I.  and  the  members  of  his  privy  council 
on  the  one  hand,  and  the  city  of  London  on  the  other,  by  which 
the  monarch  seems  to  have  made  over  to  the  corporation  of  London 
certain  large  tracts  of  land  within  the  bishopric  of  Durham,  by 
way  of  mortgage,  as  security  for  loans  of  certain  sums  of  money, 
amounting  in  all  to  £300,000  of  the  money  of  that  day.  That  the 
lands  so  mortgaged  must  have  been  bishop's  lands  is  manifest 
enough,  inasmuch  as  the  crown  neither  had,  nor  could  have,  lands 
of  its  own  within  the  bishopric  which  it  could  so  pledge,  under  any 
colour  of  law,  unless  it  were  some  of  the  forfeited  manors  of  which, 
after  the  Reformation,  the  crown  deprived  the  prince  bishop,  who 
claimed  them  as  palatine.  This  document  is  quite  perfect  and 
bears  not  only  the  signature  of  the  king,  together  with  the  royal 
seal,  but  also  the  signatures  and  seals  of  the  Duke  of  Buckingham 
and  other  members  of  the  privy  council  of  that  period.  It  appears 
that,  the  king  never  being  able  to  repay  this  loan,  these  lands  were 
afterwards  sold  by  the  corporation  of  the  city  of  London,  and  form 
now  portions  of  the  estates  (leasehold  or  freehold)  of  some  of  the 
great  proprietors  of  coal  in  the  county  of  Durham.  The  corpora- 
tion of  London  at  that  time  could  not,  of  course,  have  the  most 
remote  idea  of  the  mineral  wealth  that  lay  under  the  surface  of 
these  apparently  poor  lands,  which,  in  modern  times,  would 
probably  in  a  single  year  have  paid  off  the  whole  of  the  royal 
mortgage. 

June  21. — The  Newcastle  Races  commenced. — The  Craven 
Stakes  were  won  by  Lord  Zetland's  Charles  the  XII.,  beating  Mr. 
Orde's  Beeswing  by  half  a  head.  22nd— The  St.  Leger  Stakes 
were  won  by  Mr.  Bell's  gr  g  The  Squire  (Heseltine).  23rd— 
The  Northumberland  Plate  was  won  by  Mr.  St.  Paul's  b  f  Calypso 
(Templeman).  24th— The  Gold  Cup  was  won  by  Mr.  Orde's 
Beeswing  (Cartwright)  ;  Calypso,  2nd;  Lanercost,  3rd.  This  was 
the  18th  cup  which  this  wonderful  mare  had  won  and  the  41st 
prize.  The  north  country  friends  of  the  mare  sacked  large  stakes 
on  the  occasion. 

June. — Parliament  having  been  dissolved  on  the  23rd  of  June, 
writs  for  the  new  elections  were  issued,  and  the  proceedings  in 
Durham  and  Northumberland  were  as  follows : — 

Newcastle — Mr.  J.  Cookson,  jun.,  proposed,  and  Mr.  S.  Parker 
seconded,  John  Hodgson  Hinde,  esq. ;  Mr.  Alderman  Potter 
nominated,  and  Mr.  E.  Charnley  seconded,  William  Ord,  esq. ;  Mr. 
Atkins  proposed,  and  Mr.  Edgar  seconded,  James  Bronterre 
O'Brien  (Chartist),  the  last  named  gentleman,  however,  withdrew 
from  the  contest,  and  Messrs.  Ord  and  Hinde  were  re-elected. 

Gateshead— William  Hutt  esq.,  was  returned  without  opposition. 

South  Shields — The  nomination  of  candidates  took  place  on  the 
29th,  before  Mr.  R.  Anderson,  the  returning  officer.  Mr.  Wawn 
polled  240;  Mr.  Ingham,  207;  Mr.  Fyler,  34. 


A.D.  1841.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  149 

Durham  City — Mr.  Granger  and  Capt.  Fitzroy  were  elected 
without  opposition. 

Morpeth — The  Hon.  Captain  Howard  was  again  elected. 

Berwick,  June  29. — The  poll  resulted  as  follows: — Mr.  Forster, 
394  ;  Mr.  Hodgson,  343 ;  Mr.  Weeding,  335. 

Sunderland,  June  30. — Messrs.  Barclay  and  Thompson  were 
declared  elected. 

Tynemouth,  July  1.— Mr.  Mitcalfe,  295  ;  Mr.  Chapman,  218. 

South  Northumberland,  July  5. — Matthew  Bell,  esq.,  and  Saville 
C.  H.  Ogle,  esq.,  were  returned  without  opposition. 

North  Northumberland — The  poll,  which  took  place  on  the 
9th  and  10th,  was  as  follows: — Lord  Ossulston,  1,216;  Mr. 
Cresswell,  1,163  ;  Viscount  Hovvick,  1,101. 

South  Durham — The  nomination  took  place  at  Darlington,  on 
the  6th  of  July,  before  William  Russell,  esq.,  high  sheriff,  and,  at 
the  close  of  the  poll  on  the  10th,  the  numbers  were — Lord  H. 
Vane,  2,547;  Mr.  Bowes,  2,483 ;  Mr.  Farrer,  1,739. 

North  Durham,  July  7. — Hedworth  Lambton,  esq.,  and  the 
Hon.  H.  T.  Liddell,  were  elected  without  opposition. 

1841  (July  1Q). — In  consequence  of  the  great  number  of  work- 
men who  were  out  of  employment,  a  meeting  of  the  inhabitants  of 
Newcastle,  was  held  in  the  Guildhall,  where  it  was  decided  to 
place  in  the  hands  of  the  Town  Improvement  Committee,  the  sum 
of  £500,  to  be  expended  in  the  construction  of  such  works,  as  the 
committee  should  deem  most  useful.  About  500  men  were 
immediately  set  to  work,  and  various  improvements  were  effected 
by  them,  particularly  at  the  Cattle  Market,  Neville- street,  and 
Stepney-bank,  and  in  the  drainage  of  the  Town  Moor,  each  man 
receiving  12d.  and  a  roll  daily.  By  the  end  of  October,  the 
demand  for  employment  had  diminished,  the  treasurer,  Mr.  Robert 
Robinson,  notified  a  balance  of  a  little  more  than  £12  remaining 
in  his  hands,  after  having  expended  £431  10s.  7d.,  in  8,411  days 
work,  7,325  penny  rolls  of  bread,  shovels,  hacks,  spades,  and 
other  necessary  expenses. 

July  19. — A  violent  thunder-storm  visited  Sunderland  and 
the  neighbourhood,  doing  considerable  damage.  A  portion  of 
a  potatoe  field,  near  Deptford,  the  property  of  Mr.  Gordon 
Black,  was  completely  ploughed  up  by  the  lightning.  During 
the  storm,  the  steamer  Sun,  of  Newcastle  (with  upwards  of  200 
persons  on  board,  who  were  on  an  excursion  of  pleasure),  was 
proceeding  up  the  river  Wear,  near  Hylton,  about  four  miles 
above  Sunderland,  when  she  struck  upon  an  anchor,  and.  received 
such  damage,  that  she  filled  with  water  and  sunk.  A  keel  took 
the  passengers  on  shore  in  safety. 

July  25. — While  some  boys  were  bathing  at  the  Short 
Sands,  on  the  north  side  of  Tynemouth  Castle,  two  of  them,  named 
Logan  and  Inness,  were  taken  out  of  their  depth  by  a  receding 
sea,  and  would  have  inevitably  been  drowned,  but  for  the  timely 
assistance  of  Mr.  Charlton,  Mr.  Gare,  Mr.  Edward  Wilkinson, 
Mr.  John  Blakey,  and  other  persons  from  Newcastle,  who, 


150  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OP  [>.D.  1841. 

plunging  into  the  sea,  succeeded  in  saving  them.  They  were 
taken  to  the  warm  baths  and  restored  to  life  after  much  difficulty. 

1841  (July).— For  manyyears  past  the  state  of  the  Abbey  Church, 
at  Hexham,  has  been  a  subject  of  reproach  to  the  inhabitants 
of  the  town,  and  a  matter  of  regret  to  contemporaneous  writers,  who 
did  not  hesitate  to  point  out  and  denounce  the  bad  taste  which 
could  allow  this  noble  building  to  be  deformed  by  masses  of 
rubbish,  and  behold  its  sacred  precincts  appropriated  to  the  vilest 
purposes,  without  an  effort  to  rescue  it  from  such  degradation. 
During  this  month,  two  of  the  houses,  which  had  so  long  encum- 
bered and  disgraced  the  eastern  front  of  the  Abbey  Church,  were 
being  taken  down  for  the  purpose  of  being  reconstructed  in  an 
improved  style,  when  it  was  discovered  that  the  back  of  the  erection 
had  been  built  against  the  "  Ladye  Chapel,"  and  five  elegant 
perpendicular  windows  were  discovered.  No  sooner  were  the 
beautiful  architectural  features  of  the  building  discovered,  than 
the  interest  of  the  well-informed  inhabitants  was  irrepressibly 
excited,  and  a  desire  became  prevalent  to  procure  the  permanent 
non-occupancy  of  the  sites,  and,  if  possible,  to  effect  the  repair  of 
a  structure  so  long  hidden  from  view — so  long  appropriated  to  the 
vilest  of  uses.  A  meeting  was  convened  by  the  secretary,  Joseph 
Crawford,  esq,,  and  held  in  the  Moot  Hall  on  the  third  of  August, 
Edward  Glynn,  esq.,  deputy-bailiff,  being  in  the  chair,  when 
preliminary  steps  were  taken  to  purchase  the  adjoining  property. 
In  a  few  months  £1,500  was  raised  by  subscription,  and  a  further 
portion  of  the  old  houses  was  removed,  but  it  was  not  until  August, 
1856,  that  the  whole  of  the  property  was  secured. 

August  5. — A  melancholy  and  dreadful  explosion  took  place 
at  Thornley  Colliery,  Durham,  belonging  to  Sir  W.  Chaytor 
and  Partners,  by  which  one  man  and  eight  boys  lost  their  lives. 
The  accident  was  clearly  traced  to  the  negligence  of  one  of  the 
boys,  who  had  inadvertently  left  open  a  trap-door.  Upwards  of 
forty  men  were  at  work  in  another  part  of  the  pit,  but  they 
escaped  unhurt. 

August  5. — Messrs.  Bolckow  and  Vaughan,  of  Middles- 
borough,  brought  their  new  iron  works  into  partial  operation. 
About  2  o'clock  a  lump  of  iron,  in  a  state  of  fusion,  was  conveyed 
on  a  proper  carriage  to  the  "  squeezer,"  where  it  was  kneaded 
(as  a  gentleman  observed),  like  an  old  woman  working  a  loaf. 
This  squeezer  is  of  great  power  and  weight — upwards  of  20  tons. 
Its  shape  and  action  may  be  compared  to  the  head  of  a  huge 
crocodile,  and  some  one  had  humorously  chalked  an  eye  on  each 
side,  and  a  row  of  large  teeth  on  the  jaw,  which  gave  it  the  appear- 
ance of  a  mighty  monster  chewing  red-hot  iron.  After  the  mass 
had  undergone  this  process,  it  was  quickly  conveyed  to  the  rollers, 
when  Mr.  Vaughan  seized  it,  with  a  proper  pair  of  pincers,  and 
passed  it  through  the  rollers,  amidst  the  loud  and  long  continued 
hurrahs  of  the  workmen  and  the  company  present.  The  different 
departments  are  so  arranged  that  the  huge  masses  of  wrought  iron 
can  be  moved  from  one  part  to  the  other  for  the  necessary  opera- 


A.D.  1841.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  151 

tions,  and  finally  shipped  at  the  door,  with  the  greatest  facility 
and  economy  of  labour. 

1841  (August  9). — As  three  Middlesbro'  gentlemen,  Messrs. 
Garbutt,  Thomson,  and  Lunn,  were  sailing  up  the  river  Tees,  the 
boat  unfortunately  upset.  They  succeeded  for  some  time  in 
holding  by  the  mast,  two  of  them  attempted  to  reach  the  shore  by 
swimming,  Mr.  John  Garbutt  and  Mr.  James  Thomson,  and,  after 
struggling  for  a  short  time,  both  disappeared.  Mr.  Lunn,  the 
gentleman  saved,  was  picked  up  by  the  Eliza  steam-tug,  after 
clinging  to  the  mast  for  an  hour  and  a  half  The  sufferers  being 
so  well  known,  the  accident  spread  the  greatest  gloom  in  the 
neighbourhood. 

August  10. — Died,  at  the  West  Wall  Cottages,  aged  77,  Mr. 
George  Brown,  schoolmaster,  a  well-known  teacher  of  navigation, 
and  author  of  the  Tide  Table,  published  in  his  name  for  many 
years,  by  Messrs.  Mitchell,  proprietors  of  the  Tyne  Mercury 
Newspaper. 

August  11. — This  morning,  as  a  man,  named  Bell,  was 
passing  along  the  Quayside,  Newcastle,  he  discovered  the  body  of 
an  unfortunate  woman,  named  Jane  Anderson,  lying  in  Blue 
Anchor-chare.  Life  was  quite  extinct,  and  it  was  evident  that 
the  woman  had  come  to  a  violent  death.  The  mystery  was  never 
unravelled. 

August  12, — Great  rejoicings  took  place  among  the  colliers 
of  Murton,  near  Dalton-le-Dale,  by  whose  exertions  and  zeal, 
guided  by  the  indomitable  perseverance  and  undoubted  ability 
and  energy  of  Mr.  Edward  Potter,  the  viewer  and  engineer,  the 
South  Hetton  Coal  Company  had  conquered  difficulties  considered 
insuperable,  and  succeeded  in  sinking  through  the  sand  at  their 
extensive  winning  of  Murton.  Of  all  the  mining  operations  which 
have  engaged  the  patience  and  funds  of  the  capitalist — the  ability 
of  the  engineer — or  harrassed  and  disappointed  every  exertion  in 
order  to  the  overcoming  of  difficulties  apparently  wholly  insur- 
mountable, perhaps  we  may  not  be  wrong  in  stating  it  to  be  the 
most  remarkable  on  record.  It  was  in  the  autumn  of  1838  that 
the  sinking  of  five  pits  was  commenced,  and  immediately  there 
sprung  into  existence  a  host  of  smoky  buildings,  lofty  chimneys, 
and  mighty  engines  groaning  and  hissing  in  their  ceaseless  labours. 
A  busy  crowd  of  swarthy  miners  hurrying  to  and  fro,  all  ready 
to  obey  the  master  hand,  and  to  undergo  any  exercise  of  their 
peculiar  vocation  calculated  to  advance  the  marvellous  work. 
Shrouded  in  an  atmosphere  perturbed  and  dark,  and  filled  with 
noisome  stench,  day  and  night,  laboured  the  mechanical  powers, 
and,  certainly  not  in  a  less  degree,  the  sturdy  miners.  The  operations 
went  on  satisfactorily  until  June,  1839,  when  a  "  feeder"  of  water 
burst  out  with  extraordinary  violence.  So  prodigious  was  the 
force  of  the  eruption,  that  the  limestone,  four  feet  in  thickness, 
which  intervened  between  the  bottom  of  the  shaft  and  a  stratum, 
of  sand,  was  completely  forced  up,  and  the  quicksand  instantly 
rose  to  the  height  of  fifteen  fathoms  in  one  of  the  pits.  It  soon 


152  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OP  [>.D.  1841. 

became  apparent  that  unusual  exertions  would  be  required  to  over- 
come the  water,  which  was  discharged  from  the  quicksand  in 
enormous  quantities.  In  June,  1840,  the  pumping  power  at  work 
was  equal  to  1,500  horses,  and  the  quantity  of  water  delivered  at 
the  surface  amounted  to  11,000  gallons  per  minute,  which  created 
for  itself  a  channel,  where  water  had  never  run  before.  Thirty- 
four  large  boilers,  consuming  one  hundred  tons  of  coal  daily,  were 
employed  to  furnish  the  necessary  power;  and,  owing  to  the 
effect  of  the  sand  upon  the  pump  buckets,  it  was  stated  that  the 
leather  required  for  them  cost  for  some  time  £l  1  5s.,  hour  by  hour ; 
and  three  tan-yards  but  served  to  supply  the  requisite  quantity  of 
leather.  April  17,  1843,  the  proprietors  succeeded  in  reaching 
the  Hutton  seam,  at  a  depth  of  248  fathoms,  and  the  cost  of  sinking, 
up  to  that  date,  was  estimated  at  upwards  of  a  quarter  of  a  million 
sterling. 

1841  (August  19). — Died,  at  Villa-place,  Newcastle,  Sarah  Dick- 
enson,  aged  88.  She  was  born  on  Gateshead  Low  Fell,  where  she 
lived  till  within  a  very  few  years  of  her  death.  Her  mother  (Sarah 
Fen  wick)  and  herself  were  "  doctr  esses'*  there  for  nearly  one 
hundred  years ;  and,  during  that  time,  they  nursed  upwards  of  one 
hundred  children,  principally  from  Newcastle.  Sarah  Fenwick 
died  upwards  of  90  years  of  age  ;  and  her  daughter,  Dorothy 
Wilson,  also  died  at  a  very  advanced  age.  They  were  all 
respectable  in  their  several  situations  of  life,  and  rendered  great 
benefit  to  a  poor  laborious  population  for  many  miles  around. 

August  31. — The  Bishop  of  Durham  consecrated  the  church 
of  St.  Paul,  Arthur's-hill,  Newcastle.  His  lordship  also  visited 
the  Infirmary,  in  his  capacity  of  Grand  Visitor,  and  was  received 
in  the  governors'  hall  by  the  medical  officers  and  P.  G.  Ellison, 
J.  L.  Loraine,  Emerson  Charnley,  George  Brumell,  Hedley  Vicars, 
George  Clementson,  and  John  Bulman,  esqrs.,  members  of  the 
House  Committee.  His  lordship  minutely  inspected  the  wards, 
and  made  a  highly  eulogistic  entry  in  the  visitors'  book  as  to  the 
manner  in  which  the  institution  was  conducted. 

September  3. — At  Charente,  in  France,  a  man  fell  into  the 
river  there,  and  must  have  been  drowned,  but  for  the  prompt 
assistance  of  Mr.  John  Wardropper,  of  Sunderland,  captain  of  the 
Marquis  of  Bute,  who  sprang  overboard,  and,  at  the  imminent  risk 
of  his  own  life,  after  a  severe  struggle,  ultimately  succeeded  in 
restoring  the  poor  fellow  to  his  friends.  This  was  the  third  person 
who  owed  his  preservation  to  the  bravery  of  Captain  Wardropper, 
exclusive  of  his  rescuing  the  crew  of  a  French  vessel  from 
shipwreck. 

September  15. — Sunderland  was  the  scene  of  a  contested 
election,  consequent  upon  the  resignation  of  Mr.  Alderman. 
Thomson  (who  became  a  member  for  Westmoreland  to  the  intense 
disgust  and  indignation  of  his  former  constituents).  The  can- 
didates were  Viscount  Howick  and  Mr.  Wolverly  Attwood.  On 
the  above  day  the  nomination  took  place,  on  hustings  erected  in 
front  of  the  exchange,  The  16th  was  the  polling  day,  and,  on  the 


A.D.   1841.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  158 

morning  of  the  17th,  the  mayor,  R.  White,  esq.,  made  an  official 
declaration  of  the  poll  from  the  hustings,  the  numbers  being  for 
Lord  Howick,  705,  Mr.  Attwood,  463.  After  the  company  had 
left  the  hustings,  Lord  Howick's  chairing  procession  was  formed, 
when  his  lordship,  seated  in  an  open  carriage,  drawn  by  four 
horses,  with  music,  flags,  and  a  very  large  assemblage  of  friends, 
proceeded  through  the  principal  streets  of  Sunderland.  On 
arriving  at  the  Reform  Tavern,  Monkwearmouth,  the  scene  was 
quickly  changed  into  one  of  dangerous  riot  and  confusion.  Stones 
were  thrown  from  the  house,  as  large  as  half  bricks,  one  of  which 
struck  Lord  Howick,  and  this  having  exasperated  the  crowd 
accompanying  him,  they  returned  the  attack,  and  broke  some  of 
the  windows  of  the  premises.  The  landlord,  Mr.  Edward  Liddle, 
became  much  excited  on  observing  the  damage,  and  snatching  up 
a  fowling-piece,  he  presented  it  out  of  the  window  and  pulled  the 
trigger,  but  the  gun  fortunately  missed  fire.  The  house,  in  conse- 
quence of  this  rash  proceeding,  was  almost  completely  gutted  by 
the  mob,  and  some  injury  was  also  done  to  the  Bridge  Inn  and 
other  taverns.  On  this  serious  disturbance  taking  place,  Lord 
Howick  was  driven  to  Whitburn,  the  seat  of  Sir  Hedworth 
Williamson,  and  endeavours  were  made  to  prevent  mischief,  but 
it  was  some  time  before  hostilities  ceased.  Liddle  was  afterwards 
fined  five  pounds  for  his  breach  of  the  peace. 

1841  (September  16). — A  melancholy  catastrophe  occurred  at  Long 
Newton,  near  Darlington.  A  bull,  which  had  lately  become 
unruly,  was  placed  in  a  stable  and  chained  to  the  manger,  his 
horns  also  fastened  thereto  with  a  rope,  by  the  son-in-law  of  Mr. 
William  Stonehouse,  of  the  above  place,  farmer.  The  latter 
person  on  going  into  the  stable,  and  observing  the  bull  tied  by  the 
horns,  set  to  work  to  unloose  the  rope,  not  perceiving  that  the 
animal  had  got  rid  of  the  chain  by  having  torn  it  from  his  nostrils. 
The  bull,  on  finding  himself  at  liberty,  immediately  attacked  its 
defenceless  owner,  and,  throwing  him  down,  gored  him  in  the  most 
frightful  manner.  The  son-in-law,  hearing  the  cries  of  his  father, 
flew  to  his  assistance,  and  succeeded,  in  the  most  miraculous 
manner,  in  securing  the  animal,  but  too  late  to  save  his  parent's 
life,  as  Mr.  Stonehouse  expired  shortly  after  the  unfortunate 
occurrence. 

September  17. — Died,  at  Lee  Moor,  near  Alnwick,  aged  69,  Mr. 
Straughan  ;  on  the  18th,  aged  26,  Miss  Shanks,  his  niece  ;  and  on. 
the  19th,  Mrs.  Straughan,  his  wife,  all  greatly  respected,  and  all 
in  one  house. 

September  21.— Sir  Matthew  White  Ridley,  bart.,  of  Blagdon, 
Northumberland,  was  married  at  Ampthill  Church,  Bedfordshire, 
to  Cecilia  Anne,  eldest  daughter  of  the  Right  Hon.  Baron  Parke. 
September  23. — The  Northumberland  Agricultural  Society  held 
its  sixth  anniversary  for  the  show  of  stock,  implements  of  hus- 
bandry, seeds,  plants,  dec.,  in  the  Bull  Park,  at  the  north  entrance 
to  Newcastle,  when  the  attendance  was  very  numerous.  The  band 
of  the  61st  regiment  was  in  attendance,  and  played  several  fine 

v 


154  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [>.D. 

airs  during  the  day.  There  was  a  first-rate  show  of  horses,  both 
in  quantity  and  quality.  Two  grey  ponies,  the  property  of  Mr. 
Atkinson,  coachmaker,  were  much  admired,  as  were  a  brown  colt, 
the  property  of  Mr.  Lee,  of  Stockstield,  and  a  grey  colt,  the  pro- 
perty of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Robson,  of  Ponteland.  A  brood  mare,  sent 
by  Mr.  G.  H.  Ramsay,  of  Derwent  Villa,  attracted  much  notice. 
Amongst  the  short-horned  cattle  there  was  a  number  of  beautiful 
animafs.  Amongst  the  bulls,  Mr.  W.  Ord,  M.P.,  had  a  very  fine 
one  ;  Mr.  Angus,  of  Bromley ;  Mr.  Ridley,  of  Arbour  House  ; 
Mr.  Scott,  of  Cambois ;  and  Mr,  Crofton,  of  Holywell,  each 
exhibited  beautiful  animals,  Mr.  C.  H.  Bainbridge,  of  Lumley 
Park,  sent  a  cow  which  had  already  taken  three  prizes ;  and 
amongst  the  steers  and  heifers  there  were  some  superior  animals 
shown  by  Mr.  Swan  and  Mr.  Brown,  of  Newcastle ;  Mr.  Stobart, 
of  Epperley,  and  others.  The  show  of  sheep  and  pigs  was 
extremely  good,  there  being  a  number  of  first-rate  animals  exhibited. 
There  was  a  large  collection  of  agricultural  implements,  and  several 
of  them  showed  great  skill  in  their  formation.  The  varieties  of 
turnips,  potatoes,  carrots,  onions,  &c.,  were  in  great  profusion. 
Altogether  the  exhibition  gave  the  utmost  satisfaction. 

1841  (September  29). — While  the  wind  was  blowing  hard  from  the 
south-west,  Joseph  Hutchinson,  a  ship  carpenter,  was  coming 
down  the  river  Wear,  in  a  boat  laden  with  sandstone,  and  had  on 
board  his  son  and  daughter,  who  had  been  assisting  him  to  load 
the  frail  bark.  Between  Claxheugh  and  Pallion  Quay,  the  boat 
struck  with  violence  against  a  raft  of  timber,  and  almost  instantly 
sunk.  Their  situation  was  observed  from  the  shore,  but  before 
assistance  could  be  afforded  they  all  perished. 

September  30. — The  Highland  Agricultural  Society  held  their 
annual  meeting  at  Berwick-upon-Tweed,  which  was  thronged  with 
strangers  from  all  parts  of  the  country.  Sir  Charles  Gordon,  the 
secretary,  stated  that  the  entries  were  numerous  beyond  precedent. 
There  were  entered  for  competition — Cattle,  175;  horses,  90; 
sheep,  653  ;  pigs,  33  ;  in  all,  962.  This  was  the  largest  show- 
ever  held  by  the  society,  or,  as  far  as  he  knew,  by  any  other 
society.  A  dinner  took  place  after  the  show,  at  which  the  Duke 
of  Richmond  presided,  the  Marquis  of  Tweeddale  being  croupier. 
The  Dukes  of  Northumberland,  Roxburgh,  and  Buccleuch,  the 
Earls  of  Buchan  and  Countown,  Lord  Howick,  Lord  Ossulston, 
Lord  Templemore,  and  nearly  all  the  landed  proprietors  of  the 
district  were  present,  the  number  of  guests  being  1,918. 

September  30. — The  ancient  corporation  of  Hartlepool,  which 
had  been  for  some  time  in  a  dormant  state,  with  its  fine  property 
open  to  the  aggressions  of  the  unprincipled,  was  restored  to  life 
and  vigour,  her  majesty  the  Queen  having  been  pleased  to  grant  a 
charter  under  the  great  seal  for  its  re-incorporation.  This  charter 
was  brought  down  from  London  on  the  above  day,  by  Mr.  Toase, 
the  London  solicitor  to  the  corporation,  and  was  read  before  the 
committee  that  night,  when  it  was  found  that  William  Vollum. 
esq.,  was  appointed  mayor,  and  Messrs.  H.  S.  Shearman,  W.  G. 


A..D.  1841.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  155 

Vollum,  Johnson  Worthy,  John  Winstanley,  Cuthbert  Sharp, 
William  Manners,  George  Sheraton,  Thomas  Powell,  Stephen 
Horner,  Christopher  Davison,  Joseph  Mellanby,  and  Thomas  Bell, 
chief  burgesses.  Mr,  Vollum's  mayoralty  was  of  short  duration, 
as  the  charter  appointed  Monday,  October  4th,  for  the  appointment 
of  a  new  mayor.  A  court  of  common-council  was  held  on  that 
day,  when  W.  John  Vollum,  esq.,  was  chosen  as  successor  to  his 
father,  —  Stapylton,  esq.,  recorder,  and  Thomas  Bell,  esq.,  clerk 
to  the  corporation. 

1841  (October  4). — One  of  the  most  extraordinary  achievements 
of  modern  times — the  removal  of  the  lighthouse,  at  Sunderland,  in 
an  entire  state,  from  the  site  on  which  it  stood  for  forty  years  to 
the  eastern  extremity  of  the  pier — was  brought  to  a  successful 
conclusion,  in  the  presence  of  a  great  number  of  spectators.  At  a 
meeting  of  the  Commissioners  of  the  river  Wear,  the  pulling  down 
and  re-erection  of  this  lighthouse  at  the  extreme  end  of  the  pier, 
which  had  been  lengthened  and  improved,  was  fully  discussed, 
when  Mr.  Murray,  the  talented  engineer,  proposed  to  remove  it 
entire  a  distance  of  near  500  feet.  His  plans  having  been  approved 
of,  the  masonry  at  the  base,  which  was  fifteen  feet  in  diameter,  was 
cut  away,  and  timbers  were  inserted  through  the  building  and 
extending  seven  feet  beyond  it.  Above,  and  at  right  angles  to 
them,  another  tier  of  timber  was  inserted,  so  as  to  form  a  cradle, 
or  base,  29  feet  square,  and  this  cradle  was  to  be  supported  upon 
bearers,  with  about  250  wheels,  of  six  inches  in  diameter,  to 
traverse  upon  a  railway  laid  for  the  purpose.  The  building, 
which  was  about  80  feet  high,  and  weighed  about  300  tons,  was 
to  be  tied  together  with  bands,  and  its  eight  sides  supported  with 
timber  braces,  from  the  cradle  upwards  to  the  cornice.  The 
necessary  preparations  having  been  effected,  the  work  of  removal 
was  commenced,  and,  having  been  first  taken  several  yards  in  a 
northerly  direction,  the  rails  were  laid  to  convey  it  forward  to  the 
eastern  extremity  of  the  pier,  and  from  that  time  the  operations 
were  continued  until  the  lighthouse  was  removed  to  its  intended 
site  on  the  new  pier  head.  The  rate  of  movement  varied  from 
1  to  2  feet  per  minute,  and  the  whole  work  was  concluded  without 
the  slightest  injury  to  life  or  property.  The  lighthouse  being 
lighted  up  every  night,  as  usual,  great  credit  was  awarded  to  Mr. 
Murray  for  his  ability  and  success.  The  entire  cost  of  the  removal 
was  £827,  the  estimated  cost  of  pulling  down  and  rebuilding 
£1,800. 

October  7. — On  this  and  the  three  previous  days  an  almost 
incessant  rain  fell  throughout  this  district,  in  consequence  of 
which,  the  rivers  in  Northumberland  were  flooded  to  an  alarming 
extent.  The  Tyne  was  so  high  that  many  of  the  cellars  on  the 
Quayside,  at  Newcastle,  were  filled  with  water,  and,  at  the  Stock- 
bridge,  considerable  damage  and  inconvenience  ensued  from  the 
bursting  of  the  sewers.  All  the  rivers  ift.  Northumberland  were 
very  high.  The  wild  running  streams,  descending  from  the 
Cheviots,  presented  an  imposing  appearance,  coming  down  with 


156  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1841. 

almost  irresistable  force,  sweeping  away  embankments,  and 
flooding  the  adjacent  low  lands  for  miles.  The  damage  done  by 
the  Glen,  in  its  mad  career,  to  dykes,  caulds,  bridges,  and  corn  in 
stook,  between  Newton  and  its  confluence  with  the  Till,  was 
immense.  At  Blanchland  and  Allensford,  the  bridges  were  nearly 
all  destroyed,  the  Derwent  having  risen  to  a  greater  height  than 
was  ever  known,  with  the  exception  of  1771. 

1841  (October). — Early  in  this  month,  Mr.  George  Bates,  inn- 
keeper, Ponteland,  vomited  an  asp,  between  two  and  three  inches 
long,  which  he  supposed  he  must  have  swallowed,  or  some  of  the 
spawn,  while  drinking  water  out  of  a  ditch. 

October  19. — Between  seven  and  eight  o'clock  this  morning, 
a  most  determined  act  of  suicide  was  committed,  between  Stockton 
and  Norton,  by  a  man  named  Robinson,  and  which  occasioned 
considerable  excitement  in  both  places.  As  a  Mr.  Harrison,  a 
grocer  in  Stockton,  but  who  lodged  at  Norton,  was  on  his  way 
from  the  latter  to  the  former  place,  he  was  met  by  Robinson,  when 
an  altercation  took  place,  which  was  abruptly  concluded  by 
Robinson  demanding  the  loan  of  £5,  and  Harrison  replying  "  of 
course  not,"  the  latter  proceeded  on  his  way,  when,  on  looking 
round,  he  was  startled  at  seeing  Robinson  close  to  him,  with  a 
pistol  in  his  hand,  which  he  instantly  presented  and  drew  the 
trigger,  fortunately  it  missed  fire.  Harrison  struck  him  a  blow  on 
the  arm  and  hurried  away,  with  the  intention  of  obtaining  the 
assistance  of  the  police.  Robinson  almost  instantly  left  the  foot- 
path, passed  the  end  of  the  "  Brown  Jug"  public  house,  on  the  road 
leading  to  Fogs  brick-yard,  and,  discharging  a  pistol  into  his  own 
breast,  gave  a  sudden  spring,  and  then  fell  apparently  dead.  He 
was  taken  up  and  conveyed  into  the  public  house,  where  he 
expired  before  medical  aid  could  be  procured.  Three  pistols,  all 
loaded  with  ball,  were  found  upon  him,  and,  it  is  supposed,  he  had 
tried  them  all  upon  Harrison. 

October  27. — A  magnificent  bazaar,  in  aid  of  the  funds  of  the 
Northern  Asylum  for  the  Blind  and  the  Deaf  and  Dumb,  for 
which  great  preparations  had  been  making  for  several  weeks,  was 
held  in  the  Music  Hall,  Newcastle,  being  under  the  special  and 
illustrious  patronage  of  Her  Majesty  Queen  Adelaide  and  Her 
Grace  the  Duchess  of  Northumberland,  as  well  as  a  very  numerous 
body  of  distinguished  ladies  connected  with  the  northern  counties. 
The  greatest  interest  was  created  on  the  occasion,  and  the  town 
was  literally  thronged  with  visitors,  who  had  come  to  give  their 
support  to  the  meritorious  object  contemplated  by  the  undertaking, 
and  to  witness  the  pleasing  and  animated  proceedings  amidst  the 
galaxy  of  rank,  fashion,  and  beauty,  that  were  assembled  in  the 
room.  Stalls  were  occupied  by  the  Countess  of  Hardwicke,  Lady 
Ravensworth,  the  Hon.  Mrs.  Liddell,  Lady  Williamson,  &c.,  &c. 
The  total  proceeds  of  the  bazaar  exceeded  £934. 

October  28.— This  morning,  during  a  heavy  sea,  the  Blyth 
Lifeboat  Committee  held  a  meeting  at  that  place,  when  it  was 
arranged  to  launch  the  boat  for  practice.  The  brig  Sibsons  was 


A.D.  1841.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  157 

off  the  port  at  the  time,  and  Mr.  Hodgson,  the  owner  of  the  vessel, 
and  a  crew  of  eleven  men,  embarked  in  the  boat,  Mr.  Hodgson 
offering  the  men  £3  if  they  could  reach  his  ship,  but  they  had 
scarcely  put  off,  when  a  heavy  sea  struck  the  boat  and  capsized  it. 
Mr.  Hodgson  and  one  of  the  crew  clung  to  the  bottom  of  the  boat 
and  were  saved,  but  the  others  were  all  drowned,  in  the  sight  of 
hundreds  of  people,  who  were  totally  unable  to  render  any  assist- 
ance. The  sufferers  were  Wm.  Dixon,  aged  60  ;  Dan  Dawson, 
25  ;  John  Hodgson,  28  ;  John  Hepple,  22  ;  Jas.  White,  45 ;  Peter 
Bushel,  21,  all  seamen  ;  Edward  Wood,  carpenter,  35  ;  Thomas 
Grieves,  trimmer,  40  ;  Robinson  Burn,  pilot,  44 ;  and  Henry 
Debord,  shipowner,  56. 

1841  (November  2). — The  annual  election  of  mayors  and  other 
corporate  officers  took  place.  The  following  were  the  chief 
magistrates  appointed  in  this  district: — Newcastle — James  Hodgson, 
(John  Thomas  Carr,  sheriff).  Gateshead — George  Sowerby, 
Durham — John  Bramwell.  Sunderland — Sir  H.  Williamson,  bart. 
Stockton — Robinson  Watson.  Morpeth — William  Clarke.  Berwick — 
Alexander  Cahill,  (Ralph  Forster,  sheriff). 

November  10. — The  intelligence  of  the  birth  of  an  heir  to  the 
throne,  on  the  ninth,  arrived  from  the  metropolis,  and  was  received 
with  inexpressible  joy  and  gratification,  by  all  classes  of  the  com- 
munity. Bell  ringing  and  other  signs  of  rejoicing  everywhere 
prevailed.  The  Corporations  of  Newcastle,  Gateshead,  Sunderland, 
and  other  towns,  afterwards  voted  congratulatory  addresses  to  her 
majesty. 

November  14. — An  alarming  fire  was  discovered  at  Friar's 
Goose  Colliery,  near  to  Mr.  Clapham's  alkali  works,  South  Shore, 
by  which  an  extensive  range  of  sheds,  screens,  &c.,  and  a  number 
of  waggons  were  entirely  consumed.  The  damage  was  estimated 
at  £800. 

November  26. — Died,  at  Genoa,  Louisa  Elizabeth,  Countess 
of  Durham,  relict  of  the  Right  Hon.  John  George  Lambton, 
Earl  of  Durham,  whom  she  survived  only  sixteen  months.  The 
remains  of  the  countess  were  interred  in  the  family  vault,  at 
Chester-le-street,  on  December  28. 

November  29. — The  Tweed  Bank  at  Berwick  stopped  pay- 
ment. The  transactions  of  the  bank  were  very  extensive, 
particularly  in  Berwickshire  and  the  northern  part  of  Northum- 
berland, and  its  suspension  caused  great  consternation  in  the 
district.  The  partners  were  William  Smith  Batson,  John  Wilson, 
and  John  Langhorne.  A  first  dividend  of  5s.  in  the  pound  was 
paid  in  July,  1842,  a  second  of  Is.  5d.  in  January,  1843,  a  third 
of  3s.  lie?,  in  July,  1843,  a  fourth  of  6d.  in  February,  1845,  and  a 
fifth  of  3d.  in  January,  1850. 

November. — Early  in  December,  Mr.  James  Beadling,  of 
Painsher,  departed  this  life  at  the  venerable  age  of  92.  His  wife, 
to  whom  he  had  been  married  68  years,  was  then  living,  and  was 
9  7  years  of  age.  He  left  behind  him  sons  and  daughters,  14; 


158  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1841. 

grand-children,  75  ;  great  grand-children,  46  ;  total,  135.     Think 
of  providing  a  Christmas  dinner  for  such  a  family. 

1841  (December).— -In  the  latter  part  of  this  year,  the  Rev.  Robert 
Green,  incumbent  of  All  Saints',  Newcastle,  had  the   sepulchral 
brass  of  Roger  de  Thornton  taken  from  its  position  in  the  vestibule 
of  the  church,  and,  on  examination,  found  it  seriously  corroded. 
After  a  judicious  cleansing,  repair,  and  lackering,  Mr.  Green  had 
it  securely  placed  in  a  frame- work  of  wood,  and,  by  hanging  it  in 
the  vestry,  a  reasonable  hope  is  afforded  that  this  interesting  relic 
will  yet  exist  through  many  years.     Mr.  Green  had  intended  to 
have  defrayed   the  expenses  incurred,  amounting  to  £15,    by  a 
subscription,  but  was  prevented  by  the  liberality  of  Mrs.  Witham, 
of  Lartington,  Mr.  Salvin,  and  Raleigh  Trevelyan,  esq.,  of  Nether- 
witton  (three    descendants    of   the    great   and  good   man),  who 
preferred  paying  the  expenses  themselves. 

December  10.— William  Hutchinson  and  John  Green,  of 
Wingate  Colliery,  Durham,  were  brought  before  the  Easington 
magistrates  for  a  violent  assault  upon  Edward  Floordon,  on  the 
above  day.  It  appeared  that  Green  fastened  a  rope  to  Floordon's 
foot,  Hutchinson  took  the  other  end  of  the  rope  and  put  it  round 
the  pit  rope,  which  was  going  at  the  time.  Floordon  was 
instantly  tossed  head  foremost  down  the  pit,  when,  wonderful  to 
relate,  after  descending  about  16  yards,  he  caught  hold  of  an 
ascending  rope,  turned  himself  upwards,  and  was  brought  safely 
to  the  surface.  The  magistrates  convicted  Hutchinson  in  the 
penalty  of  £5,  and  Green  in  the  penalty  of  £1  and  costs. 

1842  (January  6). — Died,  at  Alnwick,  aged  82,   Mr.   William 
Tarn,  a  native  of   Newcastle,  and  one  of  the   oldest  freemen   of 
that  borough.     His  gentlemanly  manners  and  kindness  of  heart 
endeared  him  to  all  who  knew  him. 

January  8. — That  immense  undertaking,  the  Spital  Tongues 
Colliery  Tunnel,  belonging  to  Messrs.  Porter  and  Latirner, 
was  opened  from  the  colliery  to  the  river  Tyne,  near  the  Glass- 
house bridge.  The  extreme  length  of  the  tunnel  is  2^-  miles,  total 
descent  from  the  entrance  at  the  colliery  to  the  spouts  for  shipping 
the  coals,  222  feet.  This  line  of  railway  is  worked  by  a  stationary 
engine,  the  loaded  waggons  taking  after  them  the  rope  to  draw 
the  empty  waggons  back.  Twelve  keels  could  be  shipped  in  an 
hour.  The  waggons  are  of  an  improved  form,  invented  by  W. 
E.  Gillhespie,  the  engineer  who  had  the  whole  management  of 
this  stupendous  work.  The  tunnel,  from  end  to  end,  is  arched 
with  bricks,  and  has  an  inverted  stone  arch  at  bottom.  The 
workmen,  to  the  number  of  two  hundred,  were  regaled  with  a 
substantial  supper  and  strong  ale,  supplied  by  Mrs.  Dixon,  the 
worthy  hostess  of  the  Unicorn  Inn,  Bigg-market,  Newcastle. 
The  Albion  band  attended,  and  enlivened  the  joyous  occasion  with 
their  music.  The  tunnel  was  commenced  in  1839,  and  it  is  a 
remarkable  circumstance  that  the  whole  of  the  strata  worked  was 
composed  of  nothing  but  solid  clay. 


A.D.  1842.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  159 

1842  (January  10). — A  terrific  boiler  explosion  took  place  at 
Jarrow  Alkali  Works.  The  engine-house  was  completely  blown 
down,  and  two  men  were  killed — Thomas  Eobinson  and  John 
Smith.  Other  seven  men  were  scalded  and  otherwise  seriously 
injured. 

January  20. — Mr.  Cresswell,  M.P.  for  Liverpool,  and  brother 
of  A.  J.  Baker  Cresswell,  esq.,  M.P.  for  Northumberland,  was 
appointed  one  of  the  Judges  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  in 
the  room  of  Mr.  Justice  Bosanquet,  resigned. 

January  25. — Being  the  day  appointed  for  the  baptism  of 
Albert,  Prince  of  Wales,  the  event  was  celebrated  throughout 
the  country  with  suitable  demonstrations  of  joy.  At  Sunderland, 
Barnardcastle,  Darlington,  North  and  South  Shields,  &c.,  distri- 
butions of  meat  and  other  necessaries  were  made  to  the  poor. 
The  dismounted  troop  of  the  Northumberland  and  Newcastle 
Volunteer  Cavalry  fired  &feu  dejoieon  the  Sandhill.  After  firing, 
the  troop  repaired  to  St.  Nicholas'-square,  to  break  up,  where  a 
rather  serious  affray  took  place.  A  mob  which  had  collected 
attacked  the  Volunteers  with  snowballs  as  they  dispersed,  causing 
great  confusion  and  uproar  in  the  streets  for  some  time  after. 

January  25. — The  church  of  St.  Patrick,  at  the  Felling,  near 
Gateshead,  was  opened  with  the  usual  formula  of  the  Catholic 
ceremonial.  A  sermon  was  preached  by  the  Eev.  William 
Eiddell,  by  whose  zeal  the  erection  of  the  building  was  principally 
effected. 

January  26. — Mr.  Robert  Simpson,  of  Newport- on- Tees, 
farmer  and  merchant,  was  returning  home  from  Middlesbro',  at  a 
late  hour,  when  he  observed  three  men  proceed  from  the  rear  of 
his  granary  to  the  wharf,  with  well  filled  bags  on  their  backs,  and, 
concluding  that  they  were  carrying  on  a  "  free  trade"  in  corn  at 
his  expense,  he  roused  his  servants  to  the  rescue  of  his  property. 
The  suspected  parties,  hearing  the  alarm,  threw  down  their  bags, 
and  ran  off  in  opposite  directions.  The  bags  having  been  examined, 
were  found  to  contain  leaf  tobacco.  Subsequently  several 
additional  bags  were  found,  and,  with  the  three  already  seized, 
were  conveyed  to  the  Custom  House,  at  Stockton,  when  the  total 
quantity  was  ascertained  to  amount  to  5,94;81b.  The  duty  upon 
this  seizure  would  have  been  £934. 

January  26. — The  weather  at  this  period  was  extremely  severe, 
with  heavy  falls  of  snow,  and  a  tremendous  wind  blowing  from 
the  south-west.  Coaches  and  conveyances  of  every  description 
were  almost  entirely  stopped,  and  the  mails  were  also  unable  to 
maintain  their  time.  Many  disasters  occurred  at  sea,  and  several 
lives  were  lost.  The  snow  remained  till  the  29th,  when  a  gradual 
thaw  set  in,  in  the  course  of  which  two  boys  were  drowned  at 
Stockton. 

January  29. — Died,  at  his  residence  in  St.  James'-square, 
London,  aged  75,  the  Right  Honourable  William  Henry  Vane, 
Duke  and  Marquis  of  Cleveland,  Earl  of  Darlington,  Viscount 
Barnard,  and  Baron  Raby.  The  deceased  was  the  only  son  of 


160  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1842. 

Henry,  second  Earl  of  Darlington,  and  Margaret,  sister  of  the  late 
and  aunt  of  the  present  Earl  of  Lonsdale.  In  September,  1787, 
he  married  Lady"  Katherine  Margaret  Powlett,  second  daughter 
and  co-heiress  of  Henry,  the  sixth  and  last  Duke  of  Bolton,  by 
whom  his  grace  had  issue  eight  children.  He  married,  secondly, 
in  1807,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  R.  Russell,  esq.,  by  whom  he  had 
no  issue.  In  1827  he  was  advanced  to  the  title  of  Marquis  of 
Cleveland,  in  1833  he  was  created  a  duke,  and  in  1839  he  was 
elected  a  Knight  of  the  Garter.  His  devotion  to  field  sports  was 
almost  unparalleled,  and  his  stud  of  race  horses  was  one  of  the 
best,  as  well  as  the  most  successful,  ever  known  on  the  turf.  His 
grace  was  buried,  with  strict  privacy,  at  Staindrop.  The  entailed 
estates  of  the  family  devolved  on  his  grace's  eldest  son,  who,  as 
Lord  Barnard  and  Earl  of  Darlington,  had  sat  in  the  House  of 
Commons  for  the  counties  of  Durham  and  Salop,  and  the  boroughs 
of  Tregony,  Saltash,  and  Totness.  The  unentailed  property  was 
left  to  his  grace's  younger  sons,  Lord  William  Powlett  and  Lord 
Harry  Vane,  The  personal  property  was  sworn  under  one  million 
sterling. 

1842  (February  3). — Died,  in  New  Bridge-street,  Newcastle, 
aged  82,  the  Rev.  Moses  Manners,  rector  of  Thelverton,  Norfolk, 
and  perpetual  curate  of  St.  Ann's,  Newcastle.  The  deceased 
succeeded  the  Rev.  John  Brand,  the  historian  of  Newcastle,  as 
usher  of  the  Royal  Grammar  School  in  1784,  and  was  presented  to 
the  above  curacy  in  1786,  and  to  the  rectory  of  Thelverton,  by  his 
townsman,  Lord  Eldon,  in  1813. 

February  14. — A  singular  contrivance,  to  evade  the  payment 
of  excise  duty,  was  discovered  on  board  the  Vesta  steamer, 
which  sails  between  Newcastle  and  Edinburgh,  by  an  officer  of  the 
excise.  It  appears  that  in  examining  the  cargo  of  the  steamer,  he 
observed  a  large  doll,  dressed  up  in  the  gay  attire  of  those  which 
are  usually  sold  in  toy  shops,  but,  on  account  of  its  being  of  extra- 
ordinary dimensions,  he,  after  examining  it  minutely,  perceived 
that  the  lady's  head  easily  separated  from  her  body,  and  that  her 
neck  formed  nothing  less  than  the  neck  of  a  large  whisky  bottle, 
the  contents  of  which  had,  no  doubt,  been  previously  extracted. 

February  20. — Died,  at  Felton  Vicarage,  John  Reed,  esq., 
of  Prestwick,  and  formerly  of  Chipchase  Castle,  aged  83,  and  on 
the  28th,  at  the  same  place,  Miss  Reed,  his  sister,  aged  85.  Mr. 
Reed  was  distributor  of  stamps  for  Northumberland  and  Durham. 
His  remains  and  those  of  his  sister  were  interred  in  the  family 
vault,  at  Bell's  Close,  in  the  parish  of  Newburn,  near  Newcastle. 

February  21. — At  the  meeting  of  the  Natural  History  Society 
of  Newcastle,  several  trophies  and  objects  of  interest  from 
China,  brought  home  by  Captain  Gustavus  Coulson,  of  the  Royal 
Navy,  son  of  Colonel  Coulson,  of  Blenkinsopp  Castle,  and  whose 
services  in  the  Blonde  frigate  in  the  Chinese  expedition,  were 
handsomely  noticed  by  his  superiors,  were  presented  by  that 
gentleman,  consisting  of  bows,  arrows,  a  matchlock,  shield,  helmets, 
caps,  banner,  umbrella,  magic  lustre,  &c.  These  have  been 


A,D.  1842."]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  161 

tastefully  put  up  in  the  museum  by  the  curator,  in  one  of  the 
compartments,  and  attract  much  of  the  notice  of  visitors. 

1842  (February  22.) — James  Liddle,  foreman  in  the  chain  and 
anchor  manufactory  of  Messrs.  Edward  Lumsdon  and  Son,  Strand- 
street,  Monkwearmouth,  was  this  day  remonstrating  with  a 
workman,  named  James  Robertson,  for  neglecting  his  work,  when 
the  latter  lifted  up  a  sledge-hammer,  weighing  about  61b.,  and 
struck  the  foreman  a  tremendous  blow  on  the  head.  Liddle  was 
carried  home,  and  surgical  aid  procured.  His  skull  was  found  to 
be  fractured,  and  the  brain  ruptured.  He  lingered  insensible  till 
five  next  morning,  when  death  terminated  his  sufferings.  Mr, 
Liddle  was  deservedly  respected  wherever  he  was  known  ;  he  had 
been  28  years  in  the  service  of  Mr.  Lumsdon,  and  was  considered 
one  of  the  best  workmen  in  the  north.  Robertson  was  tried  at  the 
Durham  Summer  Assizes,  before  Lord  Denman,  and  was  sentenced 
to  transportation  for  life. 

February  26. — This  day,  was  launched  from  Messrs.  Smith's 
dock,  St.  Peter's,  near  Newcastle,  the  fine  ship  the  Ellenborough. 
The  vessel  went  off  in  grand  style  amidst  the  cheers  of  several 
thousands  of  spectators.  She  was  declared  by  the  best  judges  to 
be  by  far  the  most  beautiful  and  best  built,  as  well  as  the  largest 
vessel  ever  launched  into  the  Tyne. 

February  26. — Died,  at  Lesbury,  near  Alnwick,  aged  80,  John 
Herdman,  M.D.  The  deceased  was  the  author  of  several  medical 
works,  and  practised  as  a  physician  many  years  in  London,  with 
great  success,  having  been  appointed  one  of  the  physicians  to 
H.R.H.  the  Duke  of  Sussex.  He,  however,  relinquished  his 
profession  from  conscientious  motives,  his  opinions  having  become 
quite  anti-medical,  and  were  rigidly  carried  into  practice.  He 
considered  that  to  minister  to  nature,  and  to  conform  to  her 
operations  by  sobriety  and  regularity  of  life,  were  the  only  safe 
means  to  secure  health;  and  he  entirely  rejected  the  aid  of  medicine, 
as  tending  to  derange  and  debilitate  the  system,  declining  assistance 
during  his  last  illness,  and  declaring  that  he  desired  only  to  die  a 
natural  death.  After  his  retirement  from  the  medical  profession, 
he  entered  into  holy  orders,  and  preached  occasionally  in  Alnwick, 
Howick,  and  the  adjoining  parish  churches.  The  doctor  was  a 
native  of  Fifeshire,  and,  by  his  marriage  with  Miss  Hay,  daughter 
of  the  late  C.  Hay,  esq.,  of  Lesbury,  he  succeeded  to  great  wealth, 
which  he  diffused  with  a  generous  hand.  He  was  a  liberal  supporter 
of  public  institutions,  a  munificent  patron  of  the  fine  arts,  and  a 
kind  benefactor  to  the  poor  and  the  distressed. 

February  27. — Died,  at  Mitford  Castle,  Northumberland, 
in  his  65th  year,  Bertram  Osbaldiston  Mitford,  esq.,  the  lineal  male 
descendant  of  the  very  ancient  family  of  Mitford. 

March  9. — As  Mr.  George  Watson,  a  butcher  at  Stockton, 
was  driving  a  fat  cow  from  the  market,  the  animal  turned 
into  a  passage  in  William-street,  and,  one  of  the  doors  being  open, 
she  proceeded  up  stairs  and  unceremoniously  took  possession  of  a 
room,  occupied  by  a  man  named  Franklin,  a  flax  dresser,  who  was 

x 


162  HISTORICAL  REGISTER;  OF  [A,D.  1842*, 

at  work,  his  wife  and  children  being  with  him.  They  were,  of 
course,  both  surprised  and  alarmed  at  the  extraordinary  intrusion. 
Mr.  Watson  soon  came  to  their  relief,  and  the  cow  was  forcibly 
ejected.  The  damage  done  did  not  amount  to  five  shillings,  which 
the  worthy  butcher  cheerfully  paid. 

1842  (March  13). — Died,  at  Alnwick  Castle,  aged  58,  the  Rev. 
Thomas  Singleton,  D.D.,  chaplain  to  His  Grace  the  Duke  of 
Northumberland,  Archdeacon  of  Northumberland,  rector  of 
Elsclon  and  Howick,  in  the  same  county,  and  a  prebendary  of 
Worcester.  He  was  the  only  son  of  Thomas  Anketell  Singleton, 
formerly  governor  of  Landguard  Fort,  by  a  daughter  of  Francis 
Grose,  esq.,  the  celebrated  antiquary.  The  three  celebrated  letters 
on  Church  Reform,  written  by  the  Rev.  Sydney  Smith,  were 
addressed  to  Archdeacon  Singleton,  who  was  an  intimate  friend  of 
the  witty  canon  of  St.  Paul's.  Sir  Henry  Hardinge  was  his 
almost  daily  correspondent,  and  he  usually  spent  a  week  at 
Tamworth  with  Sir  Robert  Peel  during  his  residence  as  canon  of 
Worcester. 

April  1. — The  ship  Georgia,  of  Newcastle,  an  Indiaman, 
Captain  Mitchell,  bound  to  London  from  Calcutta,  was  lost  by 
fire,  attended  with  a  deplorable  sacrifice  of  human  life.  The  ship 
was  valued  at  £7,000,  being  splendidly  fitted  up  for  the  accomo- 
dation  of  passengers.  She  had  a  rich  cargo  on  board,  consisting 
of  jewellery,  merchandise,  and  other  valuable  property,  which 
perished  with  the  vessel,  and  which  was  estimated  at  £20,000. 
The  Georgia  was  the  property  of  Messrs.  Anthony  Hood  and  Co., 
of  Newcastle. 

April  11. — A  splendid  running  match  of  440  yards,  for 
200  sovereigns,  came  off  near  Lambton  Castle,  between  the 
"  Doctor,"  of  Newcastle,  and  Atkinson,  of  Durham.  The  distance 
was  accomplished  by  Atkinson  in  fifty-four  seconds,  his  rival  being 
a  few  yards  behind  him.  At  least  10,000  spectators  were  present. 

April  18. — The  Queen  held  a  levee  at  St.  James's,  when 
James  Hodgson,  esq,,  mayor  of  Newcastle,  was  presented  to  her 
majesty  by  Mr.  Ord,  M.P.  Mr.  Hodgson  presented  the  con- 
gratulary  address  of  the  Newcastle  Corporation,  and  had  the 
honour  of  kissing  hands.  On  Thursday  his  worship  presented  an 
address  to  Prince  Albert. 

April  27. — A  public  entertainment  was  given  in  the 
Assembly  Rooms,  Newcastle,  to  Sir  John  Walsham,  bart., 
assistant  poor  law  commissioner,  by  the  gentlemen  comprising  the 
various  boards  of  guardians  of  the  northern  district,  as  a  mark  of 
their  approbation  of  the  manner  in  which  he  had  discharged  his 
arduous  duties  during  a  period  of  six  years,  and  of  regret  at  his 
departure  from  the  district.  J.  C.  Jobling,  esq.,  of  Newton  Hall, 
presided,  and  J.  L.  Loraine  and  J.  Tinley,  esqrs.,  acted  as  vice- 
chairmen.  On  the  president's  right  was  Sir  John  Walsham,  bark, 
the  guest  of  the  evening,  and  Charles  William  Bigge,  esq.,  of 
Linden  ;  Charles  John  Bigge,  esq. ;  Charles  A.  Monck,  esq. ;  John 
Brandling,  esq.  j  William  Thompson  Greenwell,  esq. ;  Charles 


A.T».    1842.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  163 

Bacon  Grey,  esq. ;  Dr.  Headlam  ;  the  Mayor  of  Newcastle ;  the 
Rev.  the  Vicar,  and  other  distinguished  individuals  in  his  imme- 
diate vicinity.  After  dinner,  the  worthy  baronet  made  the 
following  observations  on  the  comparative  cost  of  working  the 
old  and  the  new  poor  law.  He  said — "  Last  year  it  fell  to  his 
lot  to  compare  the  average  of  thirty  unions  in  Durham,  Northum- 
umberlaud,  Westmoreland,  and  Cumberland,  the  old  averages  of 
which  were  £190,000  a-year.  The  new  averages  were  .£156.000, 
showing  a  decrease  in  favour  of  the  new  of  £34,000." 

1842  (May  3).— Died,  at  St.  Petersburg!!,  aged  62,  Sir  Robert 
Ker  Porter,  K.C.H.,  the  celebrated  traveller.  The  deceased  was 
a  brother  of  the  well-known  authoresses  Anna,  Maria,  and  Jane 
Porter,  and  was  born  at  Durham  in  1780,  being  descended  mater- 
nally from  two  families  long  connected  with  the  county  of  North- 
umberland. In  early  life  he  manifested  considerable  ability  in 
drawing,  and,  although  having  a  strong  preference  for  military  life, 
it  was  deemed  proper  to  cultivate  his  talents  as  an  artist,  and,  about 
the  year  1790,  he  became  a  student  of  the  Royal  Academy,  under 
the  auspices  of  Mr.  West.  -In  1804  he  was  invited  to  Russia,  and 
appointed  historical  painter  to  the  Czar.  During  his  residence  at 
St.  Petersburgh  he  gained  the  affections  of  the  Princess  Mary, 
daughter  of  Prince  Theodore  de  Sherbatoff,  whom  he  married. 
Sir  Robert  accompanied  Sir  John  Moore  into  Spain,  and  shared 
in  the  hardships  and  perils  of  the  campaign,  which  ended  in  the 
battle  of  Corunna.  In  1807  he  was  created  a  Knight  of  St.  Joachim 
of  Wurtemburg,  and,  on  his  return  to  England  in  1813,  he  received 
t'.e  honour  of  knighthood  from  the  Prince  Regent.  In  1819  he 
was  created  a  Knight  of  the  Lion  and  Sun  of  Persia.  The  deceased 
was  the  author  of  "  Sketches  in  Russia  and  Sweden,"  1808 ; 
*'  Letters  from  Portugal  and  Spain,"  1809  ;  "  Narrative  of  the 
Late  Campaign  in  Russia,"  1813;  "Travels  in  Georgia  and  Persia," 
1821,  &c.,  &c.  In  the  diplomatic  service  his  last  appointment  was 
that  of  Consul  of  Venezeula,  from  whence  he  returned  in  1841. 

May  23.—* A  very  ancient  grave  was  discovered  at  Brooin- 
house,  near  Angerton,  Northumberland,  while  getting  materials 
for  the  new  mansion  erecting  there  for  J.  H.  H.  Atkinson,  esq. 
It  contained  the  remains  of  a  female,  placed  in  a  sitting  position, 
with  short  knives  of  bronze  and  flint,  and  ornaments  of  coal,  the 
whole  enclosed  with  flat  stones,  and  was  45  inches  broad  and  27 
high.  It  was  supposed  to  belong  to  a  period  about  600  years 
before  the  Christian  era.  Many  similar  graves  have  been  found 
•on  the  Angerton  grounds,  and  one  of  the  same  character  was 
discovered  about  a  month  after  this  date,  at  Sweethope,  upon  the 
Wansbeck. 

May  25. — A  terrific  thunder  storm  occurred  at  Barnard 
Castle  and  its  vicinity.  At  Scargill  the  farm-house  of  Mr. 
Bowi'on  was  struck  by  the  lightning,  when  part  of  the  west  gable 
was  thrown  down,  nearly  every  window  in  the  house  blown  out, 
several  of  the  doors  thrown  off  their  hinges,  the  whole  of  the 
vessels  in  the  dairy  destroyed,  the  ceiling  of  some  of  the  rooms 


164  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OP  [A.D.  1842. 

and  part  of  the  roof  forced  off.  The  escape  of  Mr.  Bowron  was 
most  remarkable.  He  had  just  arrived  at  home,  and  had  sat  down 
to  smoke  his  pipe,  when  suddenly  the  chair  on  which  he  sat  was 
shivered  to  pieces,  his  gaiters  singed,  and  he  himself  unhurt.  It 
is  impossible  to  describe  the  devastation  the  lightning  occasioned. 

1842  (May  25). — The  boiler  of  a  locomotive  engine,  on  the  Stan- 
hope and  Tyne  Railway,  at  Annfield  Plain, suddenly  burst,  when  the 
engineman,  named  Thomas  Shevil,  and  the  brakesman,  Edward 
Ri'ddell,  were  killed  on  the  spot. 

june  8. — Died,  at  Newbiggin,  Northumberland,  aged  104,  Mr. 
John  Armstrong,  mariner.  He  served  in  his  majesty's  navy  at 
the  commencement  of  the  American  war. 

June  20. — The  Newcastle  Races  commenced  this  day.  The 
St.  Leger  Stakes  were  won  by  Mr.  G.  Clarke's  Master  Thomas 
(Holmes).  The  Northumberland  Plate  was  won  by  Major 
Yarburgh's  b  c  Heslington  (Joy).  The  Gold  Cup  was  won  by 
Mr,  Orde's  Beeswing  (Cartwright),  beating  Mr.  Saville  Ogle's 
Charles  the  XLI.  Betting  :  12  to  1  on  Beeswing,  who  won  easily 
by  four  lengths.  This  celebrated  mare  had  then  won  23  gold  cups 
and  50  prizes,  and  had  proved  herself  superior  to  some  of  the  first 
horses  in  the  kingdom. 

July  10. — At  an  ordination  held  this  day,  at  Auckland  Castle, 
one  of  the  successful  candidates  was  Mr.  Blythe  Hurst,  till  lately 
a  blacksmith  in  the  village  of  Winlaton,  Durham.  After  the 
toils  of  his  laborious  trade  were  daily  concluded,  he  acquired, 
without  any  assistance,  an  acquaintance  with  English,  Greek, 
Latin,  Hebrew,  Arabic,  Syriac,  French,  and  Sanscrit,  and  also 
taught  himself  to  write.  At  a  time  when  socialism  was  making 
much  progress  in  the  village,  Mr.  Hurst  published  a  little  pamphlet, 
entitled  "  Christianity  no  Priestcraft."  This  work  having  fallen 
into  the  hands  of  the  Bishop  of  Durham,  his  lordship  caused 
inquiries  to  be  made  concerning  Mr.  Hurst,  as  to  his  mode  of  study, 
and  desired  Mr.  Douglas,  the  rector  of  Whickham,  to  pay  the 
blacksmith  a  visit.  Mr.  Douglas  found  him  toiling  the  whole  day 
to  support  his  family,  pursuing  his  studies  while  at  work,  having 
his  lessons  on  his  flame  stone.  Mr.  Douglas  conversed  with  him, 
and  subsequently  made  a  report  to  the  bishop,  who  eventually  gave 
the  poor  scholar  the  means  of  following  that  course  of  life  for 
which  he  had  long  pined.  Mr.  Hurst  passed  his  examination  with 
the  highest  credit,  and  remained  some  days  on  a  visit  to  the  bishop 
at  Auckland  Castle,  shortly  after  which  he  entered  upon  his 
ministerial  duties  as  curate  of  Garrigill,  near  Alston. 

July  10. — This  day,  Mrs.  Isabella  Carnaby,  landlady  of  the 
Duke  of  Cumberland  public  house,  Close,  Newcastle,  threw 
herself  out  of  the  attic  window  into  the  street,  from  the  effects  of 
which  she  died  shortly  after. 

July  11. — Died,  at  Darlington,  aged  108,  Mrs.  Elizabeth 
Hurworth. 

July  16. — A  match,  for  £150  a-side,  between  the  crew  of  the 
St.  Agnes,  a  four-oared  boat,  manned  by  a  crew  of  brothers, 


A.D.  1842.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  165 

named  Clasper,  and  a  London  crew,  named  Newell,  Coombes,  and 
J.  and  R.  Doubledee,  came  off.  The  race  was  from  Newcastle 
Bridge  to  Lemington,  which  was  won  easily  by  the  London  rowers. 

1842  (July  18;.— A  foot-race,  for  £150  a-side,  took  place 
near  Durham,  between  two  men,  named  Atkinson  and  Whitehead. 
About  15,000  persons  were  present.  Atkinson  fell  about  20  yards 
from  home. 

July  26. — The  body  of  a  young  woman  was  found  on 
the  sea  shore  near  Hardwicke,  Durham,  under  circumstances  which 
left  no  doubt  that  she  had  been  murdered.  It  was  at  first 
supposed  that  the  deceased  was  the  daughter  of  a  person  named 
Dixon,  resident  at  Wolviston,  that  she  had  been  seduced  by  a 
young  man,  who,  having  since  been  married  to  another  woman, 
had  murdered  the  deceased  and  fled.  During  the  inquest  a  some- 
whatsingularillustrationof  the  dangerous  tendency  of  circumstantial 
evidence  was  adduced.  The  brother,  father,  and  sister  of  the  girl 
missing  from  Wolviston  swore  to  the  deceased  being  that  individual, 
and  their  evidence  was  corroborated  by  a  woman  who  swore  'that 
the  stays  which  were  produced,  and  which  were  taken  from'  the 
body,  were  made  by  her  for  the  girl  in  question.  After  this 
apparently  conclusive  evidence  the  coroner  consented,  on  the 
application  of  the  father,  to  give  up  the  body  to  him  for  interment. 
Before,  however,  it  had  reached  its  intended  resting-place,  a  police- 
officer,  who  had  been  in  quest  of  the  supposed  murderer,  arrived 
with  the  information  that  both  he  and  the  missing  girl  were  alive 
and  well  at  Lofthouse,  in  Cleveland,  whither  the  father,  by  the 
direction  of  the  coroner,  immediately  proceeded,  and  actually  found 
his  daughter.  The  body  was  then  brought  back,  and  the  inquest 
was  adjourned  till  Friday,  when  it  was  clearly  proved  that  the 
deceased  was  Jane  Jackson,  the  daughter  of  a  respectable  man  at 
Easington.  No  further  particulars  could  be  ascertained,  but  the 
conviction  was  strengthened  that  the  unfortunate  woman  had  been 
brutally  murdered. 

August  25. — The  marriage  of  Lord  Prudhoe,  second  son  of 
Hugh,  second  Duke  of  Northumberland,  to  Lady  Eleanor,  eldest 
daughter  of  Earl  Grosvenor,  and  granddaughter  of  the  Marquis  of 
Westminster,  was  solemnized  this  day  at  St.  George's  Church, 
Hanover-square.  At  the  same  time,  Lord  Parker,  eldest  son  of 
the  Earl  of  Macclesfield,  was  united  to  Lady  Mary  Frances 
Grosvenor,  second  daughter  of  Earl  Grosvenor."  His  Grace  the 
Archbishop  of  York  officiated  at  both  marriages,  in  the  presence  of 
a  very  distinguished  circle  of  the  relatives  and  friends  of  the 
Northumberland,  Westminster,  and  Macclesfield  families. 

September  7. — An  American  seaman,  named  Michael  Smith, 
aged  23,  proposed  to  leap  from  the  east  side  of  Sunderland  Bridge 
into  the  Wear.  His  intention  was  announced  by  handbills,  and 
at  the  time  fixed  thousands  of  persons  assembled  to  witness  this 
daring  and  novel  exploit.  On  arriving  at  the  centre  of  the  bridge, 
he  was  preparing  to  throw  himself  off,  when  he  was  seized  by  the 
police,  who  conducted  him  to  the  station-house,  to  the  great 


166  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OP  [A.D.    1842. 

disappointment  of  the  spectators.  Next  day  he  was  brought  before 
the  magistrates  and  bound  over  to  keep  the  peace.  About  six 
o'clock  in  the  evening  of  the  same  day,  determined  not  to  be 
diverted  from  his  purpose,  Smith  went  privately  on  to  the  bridge, 
and  despatched  his  companions  to  apprize  certain  parties  who  had 
befriended  him  of  his  determination  to  leap.  Having  perched 
himself  on  the  summit  of  the  lamp-frame,  from  whence,  waving  his 
cap  gallantly,  he  sprung  into  the  river,  a  height  of  upwards  of  110 
feet.  On  reaching  the  water  he  struck  out,  and  swam  like  a  "  sea 
bird"  to  a  keel,  from  whence  he  saluted  the  spectators  on  the 
bridge  and  on  the  heights  in  the  style  of  a  true  Jack  Tar,  which 
was  immediately  returned  by  a  round  of  hearty  cheers  from  the 
astonished  multitude.  Smith  took  another  leap  on  the  15th,  which 
was  witnessed  by  30,000  spectators,  and  was  performed  success- 
fully, though  Smith's  body  was  slightly  bruised  by  its  sudden 
contact  with  the  water,  the  high  wind  then  blowing  having  thrown 
him  into  an  angular  position  whilst  falling. 

1842  (September  15J. — The  celebrated  racing  mare,  Beeswing,  the 
property  of  William  Orde,  esq.,  of  Nunnykirk,  closed  her 
wonderful  career  on  the  turf  by  winning  the  Doncaster  Cup.  This 
was  Beeswing's  fifty-first  victory,  and  the  twenty-fourth  gold  cup 
which  she  had  won,  a  number  quite  unprecedented.  After  having 
eight  foals — four  colts  and  four  fillies — several  of  which  proved 
themselves  worthy  descendants  of  "  the  Pride  of  the  North," 
Beeswing  died  March  4th,  1854,  near  Chester,  aged  21. 

September  23. — John  Thompson,  a  tailor,  of  Sunderland,  in  a 
drunken  freak,  declared  that  he  would  that  night  rival  Smith,  the 
diver,  by  jumping  off  Wearmouth  Bridge,  which  rash  act  he 
performed.  He  was  picked  up,  a  few  minutes  after,  quite  dead. 

September  27. — A  grand  musical  festival  commenced  in 
St.  Nicholas'  Church,  Newcastle,  for  the  benefit  of  the  several 
charitable  institutions  established  in  the  counties  of  Northumber- 
land and  Durham.  The  instrumental  performers  were  64  in 
number,  and  the  chorus  consisted  of  163  voices,  the  whole  being 
tinder  the  direction  of  Sir  George  Smart.  Amongst  the  principle 
vocalists  were  Madame  Caradoni  Allan,  Miss  B.  Hawes,  Miss 
Birch,  Miss  Pyne,  Mr.  H.  Phillips,  Mr.  Hobbs,  Mr.  Machin,  Mr. 
Ashton,  &c.,  &c.  The  church  was  fitted  up  with  galleries  for  the 
accomodation  of  the  patrons  of  the  festival,  as  well  as  for  the 
performers,  and  the  arrangements,  generally,  were  considered 
admirable.  The  performances  on  the  first  morning  were  of  a 
miscellaneous  character,  on  the  28th  Haydn's  *'  Creation,"  and 
Rossini's  "  Stabat  Mater,"  with  passages  from  Handel's  "  Israel 
in  Egypt,"  and  on  the  29th  Handel's  "  Messiah"  occupied  the 
whole  morning.  On  each  of  the  three  evenings  there  was  a 
concert  at  the  Theatre.  The  festival  concluded  on  the  30th  with 
a  grand  fancy  dress  ball  in  the  Assembly  Rooms,  which  was 
attended  by  nearly  600  of  the  nobility  and  gentry.  The  ball  was 
led  off  by  the  Marchioness  of  Londonderry  and  M.  Bell,  esq., 
M.P.,  and,  from  the  extraordinary  magnificence  of  many  of  the 


A.D.  1842.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  167 

dresses,  the  scene  was  one  of  the  most  brilliant  ever  witnessed  in 
the  town.  Unfortunately,  the  musical  festival,  with  all  its  merit, 
turned  out  to  be  a  failure  in  a  pecuniary  point  of  view.  The  total 
receipts  for  the  church  and  theatre  were  £1,865,  while  the 
expenses  amounted  to  about  £2,665.  The  deficiency  was  made 
up  by  the  subscribers  to  the  guarantee  fund. 

1842  (September  30). — A  grand  bazaar,  in  aid  of  the  Natural 
History  Society  and  the  Society  for  the  Promotion  of  the  Fine 
Arts,  was  held  in  the  rooms  of  the  Literary  and  Philosophical 
Society  and  the  Museum,  Newcastle.  During  the  day,  the  bazaar 
was  visited  by  two  thousand  five  hundred  persons,  who  paid  for 
admission,  and,  if  accommodation  could  have  been  afforded,  it 
would  have  been  visited  by  at  least  a  thousand  more.  There  were 
two  stalls  in  the  Museum,  the  Marchioness  of  Londonderry 
attending  at  one  and  the  Misses  Brandling  attending  at  the  other. 
In  the  library  the  stalls  were  arranged  on  each  side,  the  centre 
being  left  for  the  promenade.  These  were  attended  by  Mrs. 
Mayoress,  Mrs.  J.  T.  Carr,  Mrs.  Joseph  Watson,  Mrs.  W.  L. 
Harle,  Mrs.  Barnett,  and  Mrs.  Swinburne.  The  exhibition  of 
Chinese  curiosities,  furnished  by  Captain  Coulson,  R.N.,  was 
highly  attractive.  The  gingalls,  cannons,  flags,  shoes,  caps, 
swords,  deities,  chairs,  bows,  arrows,  musical  instruments,  as  well 
as  figures,  excited  much  admiration.  The  total  proceeds  of  the 
three  days  amounted  to  upwards  of  £800.  A  balance  of  £530 
remained  at  the  disposal  of  the  society. 

October  6. — A  splendid  vessel,  the  longest  ever  built  on  the 
banks  of  the  Wear,  was  launched  from  the  building  yard  of  Mr. 
John  Watson,  at  Pallion,  near  Sunderland.  She  was  built  for 
Richard  Greenwell,  esq.,  and  was  called  "  The  Castle  Eden,"  in 
commemoration  of  the  successful  winning  of  the  colliery  of  that 
name,  of  which  that  gentleman  is  one  of  the  principal  proprietors. 

October  7. — Died,  at  Darlington,  Jonathan  Backhouse,  esq., 
of  Polam  House,  head  of  the  banking  firm  of  Backhouse  &  Co , 
Darlington,  aged  63. 

October  8. — Saturday,  Mr.  Henry  George  Liddell,  eldest  son 
of  the  Hon.  H.  T.  Liddell,  M.P.,  having  attained  his  21st  year, 
his  noble  grandfather,  Lord  Ravensworth,  entertained  his  tenantry 
at  dinner  on  that  day,  in  celebration  of  the  happy  event.  It  was 
not,  however,  until  Wednesday,  the  12th, that  the  grand  celebration, 
so  long  previously  determined  on,  took  place.  On  this  latter  day 
between  400  and  500  visitors  were  present,  including  Her  Royal 
Highness  the  Duchess  of  Gloucester,  His  Imperial  Highness  the 
Archduke  Frederick  Ferdinand  of  Austria,  Lady  Caroline  Legge, 
Lord  and  Lady  Chelsea,  the  Earl  of  Scarborough,  Lord  and  Lady 
Barrington  and  Miss  Barrington,  Lord  and  Lady  Hardwicke,  Lord 
George  Seymour,  Lord  and  Lady  Prudhoe,  Miss  Wynn,  and  Miss 
Percy,  Sir  C.  Monck  and  Mrs.  Monck,  Matt.  Bell,  esq.,  M  P.,  and 
Mrs.  Bell,  Sir  Edward  and  Lady  Blackett,  and,  in  short,  most  of 
the  principal  families  in  the  counties  of  Durham  and  Northumber- 
land. For  some  days  past  the  public  mind  had  been  kept  in  a 


168  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1842. 

state  of  considerable  excitement,  in  consequence  of  the  royal  and 
distinguished  personages  who  were  expected  to  be  present.  The 
Duchess  of  Gloucester  had  come  into  the  north  in  order  to  be 
present  at  the  festivities,  and  the  Duke  of  Cambridge  had  also 
returned,  after  his  recent  visit  to  Wynyard,  with  the  same  object. 
His  Royal  Highness  and  the  Duchess  of  Gloucester  paid  a  visit  to 
the  Duke  and  Duchess  of  Northumberland,  at  Alnwick  Castle,  and 
proceeded  as  far  north  as  Haggerston.  The  royal  duke,  after 
returning  to  Ravensworth  Castle,  visited  the  Marquis  and 
Marchioness  of  Londonderry,  at  Wynyard,  and  proceeded  thence 
to  Raby  Castle,  on  a  visit  to  the  Duke  of  Cleveland.  From  Raby 
his  royal  highness  was  expected  to  return  to  Ravensworth  Castle, 
first  paying  a  visit  to  William  Russell,  esq.,  of  Brancepeth  Castle, 
who  had  made  great  preparations  for  his  Royal  highness's  recep- 
tion, but  he  was  unexpectedly  called  to  London,  and  he  left  Raby 
Castle  for  the  south.  Her  Royal  Highness  the  Duchess  of 
Gloucester  returned  from  Alnwick  Castle  on  Monday,  and  on 
Tuesday  she  drove  out  to  Lambton  Castle,  where  she  remained  a 
short  time,  and  then  returned  to  Ravensworth.  The  Archduke 
Frederick  of  Austria  was  also  in  the  neighbourhood,  and  it  was 
hoped  would  join  the  festivities — a  hope  which  it  will  be  seen  was 
realized.  The  royal  and  distinguished  party  began  to  assemble  at 
Ravensworth  Castle  shortly  after  three  o'clock  on  Wednesday 
afternoon,  but  long  before  that  time  the  grounds  were  covered 
with  gay  and  festive  parties,  who  had  determined  to  enjoy  a 
holiday  on  the  occasion.  Indeed,  the  whole  road  through  the 
grounds  to  the  castle  was  crowded  by  parties  anxious  to  witness 
the  arrival  of  the  company.  The  grounds,  however,  appeared 
decidedly  to  advantage,  the  autumnal  hues  of  the  variegated  copse- 
wood  contrasting  with  the  greea  sward  of  the  delightful  parks. 
The  preparations  at  the  castle  for  the  reception  and  entertainment 
of  the  company  were  on  an  extensive  scale.  The  billiard-room 
was  set  apart  as  an  ante-room,  where  the  visitors  deposited  their 
hats,  cloaks,  &c.,  and  then  they  proceeded  to  the  gallery,  where 
they  were  received  by  Lord  and  Lady  Ravensworth,  and  the 
different  members  of  the  family.  The  excellent  band  of  the  61st 
Regiment  was  stationed  on  the  lawn  in  front  of  the  castle,  and  a 
number  of  choristers  were  engaged  to  attend  in  the  gallery,  where 
Mr.  Ions  presided  at  the  organ.  Shortly  after  the  company  began 
to  arrive,  the  band  commenced  playing.  On  the  entrance  of  Her 
Royal  Highness  the  Duchess  of  Gloucester,  the  choristers  sang  the 
national  anthem,  and  when  His  Imperial  Highness  the  Archduke 
of  Austria  entered,  the  grand  German  national  hymn  of  "  God 
preserve  the  Emperor,"  was  given  in  most  effective  style.  During 
the  arrival  of  the  company  several  beautiful  pieces  were  sung. 
"  Gloria  in  Excelsis,"  from  Mozart's  Twelfth  Mass,  was  finely 
executed  ;  and  '-Thy  Marvellous  Works,"  from  the  sacred  oratorio, 
"  The  Creation,"  was  sung  in  most  excellent  style  by  Lady 
Williamson  solo,  and  chorus.  The  "  Inflammatus,"  from  the 
"  Stabat  Mater,"  was  also  sung  by  Lady  Williamson  solo,  and 


A.D.   1842.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  169 

chorus  ;  besides  a  number  of  other  selections  of  sacred  music,  the 
effect  of  which  was  beautiful.  About  half-past  five,  the  company 
sat  down  to  dinner  which  had  been  set  out  in  the  library,  saloon, 
and  drawing-room  and  dining-room.  The  royal  party  dined  in 
the  library,  where  the  tables  were  laid  for  about  forty.  Lord 
Ravensworth  presided,  and  was  supported  by  the  Marquis  of 
Normanby,  the  Hon.  H.  T.  Liddell,  M.P.,  Lord  and  Lady  Chelsea, 
Lord  and  Lady  Barrington,  Lord  Prudhoe,  Miss  Wynn,  and  Miss 
Percy,  the  Earl  of  Scarborough,  Lord  George  Seymour,  His 
Imperial  Highness  Archduke  Frederick  of  Austria,  and  suite,  Her 
Royal  Highness  the  Duchess  of  Gloucester,  and  Lady  Caroline 
Legge,  and  a  number  of  other  distinguished  individuals.  The 
gorgeous  display  of  massive  silver  plate  on  the  principal  table  had 
a  most  magnificent  effect,  and  the  whole  of  the  apartments  were 
set  out  in  a  style  of  princely  grandeur.  After  the  cloth  had  been 
withdrawn,  Lord  Ravensworth  rose  and  proposed  the  health  of  the 
Queen,  which  was  enthusiastically  responded  to.  The  health  of 
Prince  Albert,  the  Prince  of  Wales,  and  Princess  Royal,  the 
Queen  Dowager,  the  Duchess  of  Gloucester,  and  the  rest  of  the 
royal  family,  were  also  given  and  responded  to  in  loud  and 
enthusiastic  plaudits.  Lord  Hardwicke,  who  had  acted  as 
toastmaster,  then  called  for  a  bumper,  and  the  Marquis  of 
Normanby  rose  to  propose  the  health  of  the  Archduke  Ferdinand 
of  Austria,  and  in  doing  so  paid  a  high  compliment  to  his  imperial 
highness.  His  imperial  highness,  being  unable  to  speak  fluently 
in  English,  begged  of  Lord  Ravensworth  to  acknowledge  the 
compliment  which  had  been  paid  him,  and  his  lordship  did  so  in 
happy  and  appropriate  terms.  The  noble  president  next  proposed 
the  health  of  Mr.  Henry  George  Liddell,  whose  majority  they 
were  then  met  to  celebrate,  and  expressed  his  gratification  at  his 
having  been  honoured  by  the  company  of  so  many  noble  and 
distinguished  personages.  The  toast  was  drank  with  great 
enthusiasm.  Mr.  H.  G.  Liddell  returned  thanks,  and  concluded 
by  proposing  the  health  of  Lord  and  Lady  Ravensworth,  which 
was  received  with  rapturous  applause.  The  Duchess  of  Gloucester 
and  suite  then  retired,  and  the  tables  were  soon  deserted  for  the 
gallery,  which  formed  a  most  delightful  promenade.  The  archduke 
and  suite  retired  to  the  saloon.  The  drawing-room  tables  were 
cleared  in  a  few  minutes,  and  the  apartment  converted  into  a 
splendid  promenade,  coffee  and  tea  being  served  up  in  the  library 
and  dining-room.  His  imperial  highness  repaired  to  the  gallery 
about  8  o'clock,  and  the  Duchess  of  Gloucester  entered  soon, 
afterwards.  A  quadrille  band  from  Newcastle  had  been  engaged 
for  the  evening.  The  ball  was  led  off  by  his  imperial  highness 
the  archduke  and  the  Hon.  Miss  Liddeli.  Dancing  was  kept 
up  with  unabated  spirit  till  a  late  hour.  His  imperial  highness 
and  suite  left  shortly  after  ten  o'clock,  and  before  twelve  all 
the  principal  company  had  taken  their  departure.  Parties  who 
were  present  describe  the  entertainment  as  having  been  of  the 
most  magnificent  description  ;  while  the  urbanity  and  kindness 


HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF 


of    Lord  and  Lady    Ravens  worth  were 
unfeigned  admiration. 

1842 


[A.D.  1842, 
spoken  of    in  terms    of 


(October  12).— Died,  at 
Albion-place,  Newcastle,  aged 
54,  John  Trotter  Brockett,  esq., 
F.S,  A.,  one  of  the  council  of  the 
Society  of  Antiquaries,  Newcastle, 
and  secretary  of  «the  Literary 
and  Philosophical  Society.  Mr. 
Brockett  received  his  education 
under  theVenerableand  Rev.  Wm. 
Turner,  then  the  preceptor  of  a 
limited  number  of  young  gentle- 
men, and  selecting  the  profession 
of  the  law  as  the  object  of  his 
pursuit.  After  the  usual  course 
of  study,  he  was  admitted  an 
attorney.  He  practised  as  such 

many  years  in  Newcastle,  with  distinguished  ability  and 
success.  But  his  praise  as  a  professional  man  is,  that  his 
practice  was  marked  by  the  strictest  integrity  and  liberality,  and 
he  descended  to  the  tomb,  amid  the  regrets  of  those  numerous 
friends,  who  reposed  with  implicit  confidence,  their  concerns  to 
his  guidance  and  direction.  He  collected  a  library  of  scarce  and 
curious  books,  which  were  sold  by  Mr.  Sotheby,  in  London,  in 
1823.  He  also  formed  a  splendid  cabinet  of  coins  and  medals, 
which  were  offered  to  the  public  by  the  same  gentleman  in  that 
year.  For  those  gems  he  had  the  gratification  of  seeing  the  most 
gifted  men  of  the  day  in  competition.  On  the  dispersion  of  his 
library  and  museum,  he  started  the  pursuit  de  novo,  and  he  left 
behind  him  books  and  coins,  and  medals,  which  may  vie  with  those 
of  any  private  gentleman  in  the  kingdom.  But  Mr.  Brockett  was 
not  a  bare  collector.  He  knew  the  value  of  his  books  in  the 
intelligence  and  wisdom  infolded  in  their  pages,  and  the  use  of  his 
coins  and  medals  for  the  purposes  of  history.  Few  men,  indeed, 
studied  Numismatics  with  greater  closeness  or  more  success  than 
Mr.  Brockett,  and  in  this  very  rare  attainment  he  pre-eminently 
stood  forth.  Mr.  Brockett,  as  a  writer  and  editor,  is  extensively- 
known  ;  but  the  works  by  which  he  is  most  distinguished  are, 
"  Inquiry  into  the  Question  whether  the  Freeholders  of  Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne  are  entitled  to  vote  for  Members  of  Parliament  for  the 
County  of  Northumberland,"  and,  his  "  Glossary  of  North  County 
Words."  The  first  of  those  publications  received  the  high 
commendations  of  Mr.  Hopper  Williamson  and  other  constitutional 
lawyers;  and  the  latter  is  appreciated  wherever  the  English  language 
is  known. 

October  13. — Lord  and  Lady  Prudhoe  arrived  at  Alnwick 
Castle,  on  their  nuptial  visit  to  their  noble  relatives,  the  Duke  and 
Duchess  of  Northumberland,  and  their  entrance  into  the  town  was. 
hailed  with  the  utmost  enthusiasm,  and  accompanied  with  every 


A.D.  1842.] 


REMARKABLE  EVENTS. 


171 


demonstration  of  public  rejoicing.  The  Percy  tenantry,  to  the 
number  of  nearly  500,  met  them  at  Harapath  Bank,  near  Nevvton- 
on-the-Moor,  and  escorted  them  to  the  castle.  As  they  entered 
the  town,  they  were  saluted  by  the  cannon  on  the  castle,  the  shops 
were  closed  during  the  procession,  and,  as  the  noble  lord  and  his 
bride  drove  through  the  town,  they  graciously  acknowledged  the 
greetings  with  which  they  were  received.  The  tenantry  and 
other  inhabitants  of  the  town  were  bountifully  regaled  at  the 
castle.  Dinners  were  provided  at  the  different  inns,  and  the  day 
was  kept  as  an  entire  holiday  in  the  neighbourhood. 


1842  (October  14> — Died,  at  Saltwell  House,  near  Gateshead, 
the  residence  of  William  Caley,  esq.,  aged  27,  the  Rev.  John 
Lewis  Eyre,  of  Newcastle.  He  had  officiated  as  assistant  catholic 
priest  with  the  Revds.  James  Worswick  and  William  Riddell,  for 
the  last  sixteen  months.  In  September,  he  was  seized  with  the 


172  HISTORICAL    REGISTER    OF  fA.D.    1842. 

prevailing  complaint  of  influenza  and  fever,  of  which  he  died.  His 
remains  were  privately  conveyed  to  the  Catholic  Chapel  on  the 
night  of  Tuesday,  the  18th,  and  on  Wednesday  morning  a  solemn 
service  was  performed  over  the  body,  which  was  enclosed  in  a 
leaden  coffin,  and  rested  on  a  bier  at  the  foot  of  the  altar.  The 
chapel  was  crowded  to  excess.  His  remains  were  afterwards 
interred  at  Jesmond  Cemetery. 

1842  (October  16).— Died,  at  Mor- 
peth,  aged  69,  William  Orde,  esq.,  of 
Nimnykirk,  Northumberland,  univer- 
sally and  deservedly  respected.  The 
deceased,  who  was  widely  known  as 
the  owner  of  the  celebrated  Beeswing, 
Tomboy,  and  other  racers,  as  well  as 
by  some  little  eccentricities  of  dress 
and  deportment,  was  honoured,  not 
only  in  Great  Britain,  but  on  the  Con- 
tinent, for  a  character  which  few  have 
acquired — an  honest  and  honourable 
sportsman.  He  was  at  the  great  fete 
at  Ravensworth,  and  promenaded  a 
considerable  time  on  the  lawn.  He  appeared  in  good  spirits,  and 
conversed  freely  with  all  around. 

October  20. — Died,  at  Bam  burgh,  aged  25,  Grace  Horsley 
Darling,  the  heroine  of  the  Farn  Islands.  She  had  been  in  a 
delicate  state  of  health  for  some  time,  and  her  medical  attendant 
recommended  her  removal  from  the  sea.  She,  in  consequence, 
went  to  reside  with  a  friend  at  Wooler,  and  afterwards  removed 
to  Ainwick,  where  lodgings  were  engaged  for  her  and  her  sister 
by  their  Graces  the  Duke  and  Duchess  of  Northumberland,  by 
whom  the  greatest  attention  was  paid  to  the  amiable  girl.  Her 
complaint  having  assumed  the  form  of  decided  consumption,  and 
all  hope  of  recovery  abandoned,  her  father  anxiously  desired  that 
she  should  return  amongst  her  family,  atid  she  was  accordingly 
removed  from  Ainwick  to  Bamburgh  only  about  ten  days  before 
her  death. 

November  9. — The  following  gentlemen  were  elected  mayors 
and  sheriffs: — Newcastle—  Thomas  Dunn,  esq.,  mayor,  and  Joseph 
Hawks,  esq.,  sheriff.  Gateshead  —Robert  Davies,  esq.,  mayor. 
Sunderland — Andrew  White,  esq.,  mayor.  Stockton—  Charles 
Trotter,  esq.,  mayor.  Morpeth — William  Trotter,  esq.,  M.  D., 
mayor.  Berwick — Joseph  Hubback,  esq.,  mayor,  George  Johnson, 
esq.,  sheriff.  Hartlepool — Thomas  Rowell,  esq.,  mayor. 

November  26. — Lady  Peat,  widow  of  the  Rev.  Sir  Robert 
Peat,  the  chaplain  and  companion  of  George  the  Fourth,  died  this 
day,  at  her  house,  in  Villiers  street,  Bishopwearmouth,  aged  90. 
Her  eccentricities,  as  Miss  Smith,  of  East  Herrington,  and  the 
firing  of  her  house,  and  murder  of  her  servant  girl,  by  some 
criminal  yet  unknown,  are,  no  doubt,  familiar  to  some  still  living. 
The  fire  and  murder  took  place  on  the  28th  of  August,  1815,  and 


A.D.    1843.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  173 

three  men — Eden,  Wolfe,  sen.,  arid  Wolfe,  jun. — were  put  on 
their  trial  for  the  offences.  The  two  former  were  found  guilty 
and  sentenced  to  be  hanged,  but  were  afterwards  pardoned,  an 
alibi  having  been  proved  to  the  complete  satisfaction  of  the  judges, 
and  a  witness  against  them,  of  the  name  of  Lincoln,  was  afterwards 
tried  and  found  guilty  of  perjury. 

1842  (November  28). — Died,  at  Egglescliff,  Durham,  at  the  ad- 
vanced age  of  89,  the  Rev.  John   Brewster,  for  sixty-six  years  a 
minister  of  the  Church  of  England,  and  successively  incumbent  of 
Greatham,  Stockton,  Redmarshall,  Boldon,  and  Egglescliff,  all  in 
the  county   of  Durham.     In  1796   he  published   his  "  Parochial 
History  and  Antiquities  of  Stockton-upon-Tees,"a  highly-esteemed 
topographical   work.     He  had  previously  published  a  work  t:  On 
the  Prevention  of  Crime,  and  the  Advantages  of  Solitary  Imprison- 
ment," in  which  he  enunciated  principles  greatly  in  advance  of  the 
age.     The  deceased  was  born  in  Pilgrim-street,.  Newcastle,  on  the 
18th  of  January,  1754,  his  father  being  at  that  time  curate  of  St. 
Nicholas'. 

December  13. — Died,  in  Newcastle,  aged  76,  Archibald  Reed, 
esq.,  many  years  an  alderman,  and  six  times  mayor,  of  New- 
castle* His  remains  were  interred  on  the  19th,  in  the  Cemetery 
at  Jesmond,  the  melancholy  procession  consisting  of  a  hearse  and 
four  mourning  coaches,  besides  a  number  of  private  carriages,  the 
funeral  being  attended  by  the  stewards  of  the  incorporated  com- 
panies, and  a  great  number  of  individuals  anxious  to  show  their 
respect  to  the  deceased.  In  politics  Mr.  Reed  was  a  Conservative; 
and  all  acknowledged  his  amiable  disposition,  kindness  of  heart, 
and  liberal  hospitality.  Indeed,  few  individuals  have  been  so 
fortunate  in  securing  the  esteem  of  their  fellow-townsmen,  or  have 
departed  this  life  more  deeply  and  deservedly  regretted. 

1843  (January  13J  — A  tremendous  storm  of  wind  passed  over 
this  country,  and  inflicted  serious  damage.     In  Northumberland 
and  Durham  the  injury  effected  by  the  storm  was  much  less  severe 
than  in  the   southern   counties,  but  several   vessels  were  wrecked 
upon  the  coast.     At   Tynemouth  two  ships  went  to  pieces  on  the 
rocks,  and  Captain  Hair,  of  the  Percy,  with  two  of  his  crew,  were 
drowned. 

January  31. — As  Robert  Owen,  the  well-known  socialist,  was 
lecturing  in  the  Lecture  Room,  Newcastle,  an  Irishman  attempted 
to  reply  to  the  statements  of  the  lecturer.  He  was,  however, 
ejected,  upon  which  he  collected  a  number  of  his  countrymen, 
who  commenced  an  attack  upon  the  doors  of  the  building  with 
sticks,  broken  bed- posts,  chair  legs,  &c.  In  a  short  time  they 
forced  an  entrance,  and  soon  compelled  the  audience  to  retreat 
through  the  doors  and  windows.  The  Irishmen  were  satisfied 
with  this  victory,  and  did  not  commit  any  serious  personal  injury. 

February  2. — A  man  named  Chapman,  who  was  committed 
to  Newcastle  Gaol  for  trial,  contrived  to  escape  from  that 
building.  After  scaling  the  wall  of  the  prisoners'  yard,  he 
fastened  two  short  ladders  together  with  some  rope  used  for  drying 


174  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1843. 

clothes,  by  which  he  reached  the  top  of  the  outer  wall.  He  then 
lowered  himself  down  with  the  remainder  of  the  rope  and  escaped. 
Five  others,  who  attempted  to  perform  the  same  daring  feat,  were 
captured  in  the  garden. 

1843  (February  3).— A  tremendous  storm  of  wind  arose  this  even- 
ing, and  continued  during  the  night,  doing  great  damage.  A  stack 
of  chimneys  was  blown  through  the  roof  of  Mr.  Elliott's  house 
in  Eldon-street,  Newcastle,  doing  considerable  damage  to  the 
furniture.  The  houses  of  Mr.  Penman,  Percy-street,  Mr.  G. 
Hodgson,  Forth,  and  Mr.  Dixon,  Blandford-street,  were  partially 
unroofed.  At  Arthur's  Hill,  in  Edward-street,  a  chimney,  belonging 
to  the  house  of  Mr.  Holmes,  was  blown  down,  and  the  materials 
broke  through  the  roof,  and  buried  Mrs.  Holmes — who  was  sitting 
at  breakfast— in  the  ruins.  Two  of  her  ribs  were  broken,  and  she 
was  otherwise  much  bruised.  At  South  Shields,  in  King-street,  a 
woman  named  Bell  was  killed  by  the  falling  of  a  signboard  ;  and 
a  chapel  in  Cuthbert-street  was  almost  totally  destroyed.  At 
Brockley  Whins  the  extensive  wooden  sheds  of  the  Brandling 
Junction  Railway  were  completely  carried  away  by  the  violence  of 
the  wind.  In  Dockwray  square,  North  Shields,  a  chimney  fell 
through  the  roof  of  the  house  of  Henry  Dale,  esq.,  causing  the 
utmost  alarm  and  confusion.  The  shops  were  closed  until  near 
twelve  o'clock,  and  the  streets  were  deserted  from  dread  of  the 
falling  missiles.  At  Spital  Tongues  the  end  of  a  house  was  com- 
pletely blown  in ;  and  a  house  in  Church-street,  Gateshead,  was 
levelled  with  the  ground.  The  destruction  of  trees  throughout  the 
country  was  exceedingly  great,  several  hundreds  being  uprooted  in 
Hulne  Park,  Alnwick,  alone,  Indeed,  every  town  and  village  in 
the  two  counties  suffered  more  or  less  during  the  gale.  Two 
vessels,  the  Rob  Roy  and  the  Blucher,  were  blown  on  shore  at 
Newbiggen,  and  every  soul  on  board  of  them  perished.  The 
fishermen's  boats  at  Hauxby  were  completely  destroyed,  and  much 
damage  was  done  to  shipping  all  along  the  coast. 

February  6. — The  fiftieth  anniversary  of  the  Newcastle  Literary 
and  Philosophical  Society  was  celebrated  by  a  dinner  in  the 
Assembly  Rooms.  Dr.  Headlam  presided,  and  Mr.  J.  Clayton 
and  Mr.  J.  Adamson  officiated  as  vice-chairmen. 

February  13, — A  silver  snuff-box,  containing  £3  105.,  was 
presented  to  William  Wheeler,  by  the  members  of  the  North 
Shields  district  of  Oddfellows,  in  testimony  of  their  appreciation 
of  his  heroic  conduct  in  rescuingiour  seamen,  wrecked  in  the  brig 
Percy,  on  Tynemouth  Rocks.  Wheeler  also  received  presents 
from  several  Courts  of  Foresters. 

February  13. — An  extraordinary  case  of  dropsy  of  the  uterus 
presented  itself  in  a  cow,  the  property  of  Mr.  Hopps,  Bent 
House,  near  Durham.  This  day  the  animal  was  operated  upon 
by  Mr.  C.  J.  Hubbick,  veterinary  surgeon,  when  water  to  the 
amount  of  28  gallons  was  taken  from  her. 

February  18.— Died,  at  South  Shields,  aged  104,  Mrs.  Sarah 
Parkenson. 


REMARKABLE   EVENTS 


175 


A.D.  1843.] 

1843  (February  21). — William  Kussell,esq.,of  Brancepeth  Castle, 
gave  a  splendid  entertainment  to  the  nobility  and  gentry  of  that 
neighbourhood.  There  was  a  dinner  party,  to  which  170  sat 
down,  after  which  there  was  a  grand  fancy  dress  hall.  The  ball 
was  opened  with  a  quadrille  costumee,  composed  of  eight  couple, 
in  the  national  dresses  of  as  many  different  countries,  which  had  a 
very  imposing  effect. 


BRANCEPETH    CASTLE. 

February  28. — Married,  fit  Shrivenham,  the  Hon.  Thomas 
Liddell,  second  son  of  Lord  Ravensworth,  to  Caroline,  daughter 
of  the  fifth  Viscount  Barrington. 

March  10. — A  melancholy  case  of  stabbing  occurred  in  the 
neighbourhood  of  Rothbury,  which  occasioned  the  death  of 
William  Weatherstone,  of  Forest  Burn  Bar.  The  deceased,  in 
company  with  George  Hindhaugh,  of  Coldside ;  George  Brown, 
of  Ward's  Hill ;  James  Gibson,  of  Hesleyhirst ;  and  Thomas 
Arkle,  of  Crook,  all  tenants  of  the  Duke  of  Northumberland,  left 
Rothbury  on  their  return  home,  having  previously  indulged  rather 
freely  in  certain  fluids.  On  arriving  at  a  place  called  Garby 
Bank,  about  a  mile  and  a  half  from  Rothbury,  Weatherstone  and 
Hindhaugh  commenced  fighting.  After  a  few  blows  had  been 
exchanged,  Hindhaugh  was  seen  by  Brown  to  draw  a  knife  and 
strike  Weatherstone  in  the  thigh,  who  immediately  fell.  Brown 
then  interfered,  and  lifted  the  deceased,  who  was  bleeding  from  a 
fearful  wound  in  the  groin.  Whilst  he  was  in  the  act  of  doing 


176  HISTORICAL    REGISTER  OP  [>.D.  1843. 

this,  Himlhaugh,  who  had  gone  forward  a  few  yards,  returned, 
and  cut  Brown  severely  in  the  thigh.  Weatherstone  almost  imme- 
diately expired  from  loss  of  blood.  Hindhaugh  was  tried  at  the 
ensuing  assizes,  and  sentenced  to  seven  years'  transportation. 

l&±3(April5). — An  explosion  of  fire-damptook  place  at  Stormont 
Main  Colliery,  Wreokenton,  near  Gateshead,  the  property  of 
J.  Grace,  esq.,  and  Partners,  by  which  twenty-seven  men  and 
boys  lost  their  lives.  It  appeared  that  there  had  been  much  foul 
air  in  the  pit  for  some  days  previous,  and  the  men  had  been  advised 
to  use  extreme  care.  A  subscription  was  entered  into  for  the 
widows  and  children  left  destitute  by  the  calamity,  and  a  consider- 
able sum  raised  for  their  support. 

April  7. — The  following  remarkable  occurrence,  in  which 
a  steamer  was  stolen  and  afterwards  wrecked — attended  with 
loss  of  life — took  place  at  Tynemouth,  near  North  Shields.  At 
daybreak,  some  pilots,  on  the  look-out  at  the  entrance  of  the  river, 
discovered  a  vessel  amongst  the  rocks  called  the  Black  Middens, 
which  proved  to  be  the  Charles  Williams  steamer,  belonging  to 
Messrs.  Richardson  and  Co.,  coal  merchants,  South  Shields.  The 
alarm  was  instantly  raised,  and  the  lifeboat  was  manned,  when, 
before  arriving  alongside,  much  surprise  was  evinced  at  finding 
only  one  man  on  board,  who  was  safely  taken  out  of  the  wreck 
and  conveyed  ashore.  Immediately  on  landing  he  attempted  to  go 
away  without  giving  any  account  as  to  the  manner  in  which  the 
steamer  was  wrecked,  but  the  Customs  officer  detained  him,  and, 
after  being  in  custody  some  time,  he  admitted  having,  with  another 
man,  stolen  the  steamer  from  her  moorings  in  the  Tyne.  The 
other  man,  he  said,  jumped  overboard  to  swim  to  the  rocks,  but  he 
suspected  he  had  been  drowned,  for  he  saw  nothing  more  of  him. 
The  man  supposed  to  be  drowned  was  a  discarded  son  of  the  owner 
of  the  boat. 

April  12. — A  commission  de  lunatico  inquirendo,  under  the 
authority  of  the  great  seal,  was  opened  at  Alnwick,  for  the 
purpose  of  inquiring  into  the  state  of  mind  of  Miss  Elizabeth 
Gallon.  The  cause  created  great  interest,  and,  after  a  protracted 
investigation,  which  lasted  five  days,  the  jury  returned  their 
verdict — "That  Miss  Gallon  was  of  unsound  mind,  and  had  been 
so  since  January  the  1st,  1812."  The  lady  was  75  years  of  age, 
and  possesed  of  considerable  property. 

April  20. — Married,  at  Chester-le-Street,  Henry,  eldest  son 
of  Sir  John  Fife,  of  Newcastle,  to  Lucy,  eldest  daughter  of  John 
Cookson,  esq.,  of  Whitehill,  Durham.  Great  rejoicing  took  place 
at  Chester-le-Street  on  the  occasion ;  banners  were  hung  from 
almost  every  house  in  the  town,  and  nearly  2,000  of  the  inhabitants 
joined  in  the  marriage  procession. 

April  22. — Hexhain  and  its  neighbourhood  were  visited  by  a 
thunderstorm  of  considerable  violence.  A  farm-house,  at  Grind- 
ridge,  about  four  miles  from  Hexham,  occupied  by  Mr.  Walter 
Dodd,  was  struck  by  the  electric  fluid,  which  destroyed  the  furni- 
ture and  window  frames,  the  house  being  also  much  shattered  and 


A.D.  1S43.~|  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  177 

left  almost  in  ruins.  The  family  escaped  unhurt.  A  goose,  which 
was  sitting  upon  some  eggs  in  the  back  kitchen,  had  the  eggs  and 
the  nest  entirely  destroyed,  but  was  itself  uninjured. 

1843  (April  24). — This  morning,  it  was  discovered  that  a  sailor, 
named  William  Ferry,  residing  on  the  Quayside,  Monkwearmouth, 
had  murdered  his  wife,  Hannah  Ferry,  and  daughter,  aged  14 
years.  The  unfortunate  man  had  been  for  some  time  confined  in 
a  lunatic  asylum  at  Gateshead  Fell,  but  had  escaped  two  days 
previous  to  the  occurrence. 

May  3. — This  afternoon,  a  Scotchman,  of  the  name  of  Robert 
Crombier,  precipitated  himself  into  the  Tyne  from  the  topsail 
yard  of  a  vessel  lying  opposite  the  Custom  House.  The  height 
was  about  80  feet.  This  daring  feat  was  accomplished  without 
any  injury  being  sustained,  and  was  repeated  on  the  following  day r 
May  13,  a  similar  feat  was  accomplished  in  Shields  Harbour,  by  a 
Scotch  seaman,  named  James  Soulsby,  who  smoked  a  pipe 
throughout  the  performance. 

May  25.— Died,  suddenly,  at  his  residence,  Hengate,  Dar- 
lington, aged  38,  C.  Wetherall,  esq.,  solicitor.  He  weighed  33 
stones  when  thirty  years  of  age,  and  his  coffin,  which  was  7  feet 
6  inches  long,  2  feet  5  inches  deep,  and  3  feet  2  inches  across  the 
breast,  weighed,  with  the  body,  fifty-eight  stones.  Before  this 
immense  burthen  could  be  removed  for  interment,  it  was  necessary 
to  take  out  a  large  bow  window  in  the  deceased's  house. 

June  26. — The  Newcastle  Races  commenced  this  day.  The 
Northumberland  Plate  was  won  by  Mr.  Ramsay's  br  h  Moss- 
trooper. The  Gold  Cup  was  won  by  Mr.  Cuthbert's  br  f  Queen 
of  the  Tyne. 

July  1. — A  fire  of  a  most  alarming  description  broke  out 
near  midnight  in  the  extensive  raff-yard  of  Messrs.  R.  Todd  and 
Company,  in  Pandon,  Newcastle,  Vast  crowds  from  all  quarters, 
in  and  around  Newcastle,  came  rushing  towards  the  blazing  mass. 
People  from  the  market-places,  from  the  busy  streets,  full  of  their 
Saturday  evening  throng,  from  the  theatre,  from  the  "  shows," 
and,  more  than  all,  from  the  public-houses  and  taprooms,  hurried, 
in  the  wildest  consternation,  in  the  direction  of  the  flames.  The 
timber-yard  is  the  lowest  point  of  a  large  extent  of  ground,  and 
surrounding  it,  in  almost  every  direction,  are  considerable  heights, 
standing  on  which  a  full  view  could  be  obtained  of  all  that  was 
going  on  below — the  wild  ocean  of  fire  heaving  and  roaring  as  if 
no  human  effort  could  ever  stay  its  fury — while  a  brightness  like 
that  of  noonday  lay  on  the  houses  and  the  whole  wide  space 
around  it.  Eight  houses  in  New  Pandon-street  were  also  set  on 
fire  by  the  intense  heat,  and  completely  gutted,  and  the  destruction 
of  the  whole  of  that  street  appeared  so  probable,  that  it  was  deter- 
mined to  pull  down  a  house  in  order  to  arrest  the  progress  of  the 
flames,  when,  fortunately,  the  wind  changed,  and  further  danger 
was  averted.  Between  twelve  and  one  o'clock  was  the  time  when, 
the  fire  might  be  said  to  have  been  at  the  worst,  and  its  strength 
was  not  much  spent  till  past  two.  About  the  former  period  the 

z 


178  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OP  C^-.D.  184& 

spectacle  presented  was  terribly  beautiful;  the  brilliancy  of  the 
flames,  the  reflection  of  which  was  seen  in  every  direction  for 
twenty  miles,  exceeded  that  of  any  previous  fire  in  Newcastle  ;  and 
the  singular  scene  presented  by  the  many  thousands  of  spectators 
assembled  as  in  an  amphitheatre  on  the  heights  which  surround  the 
spot,  had  a  most  remarkable  effect.  Eight  public  and  private  fire- 
engines  were  on  the  spot  at  an  early  period,  but  it  was  not  until 
four  o'clock  that  the  fire  was  subdued.  No  less  than  ninety-nine 
persons  were  rendered  nearly  destitute  by  the  loss  of  their  clothing 
and  furniture  in  this  sad  catastrophe.  It  was,  indeed,  a  most 
lamentable  sight  to  see  the  poor  people  rushing  out  of  their  houses 
in  New  Pandon-street  and  along  Pandon-bank — half-naked 
children,  turned  out  of  their  beds,  and  screaming  in  the  wildest 
terror,  and  their  hastily-dressed  and  scarcely  less  affrighted  mothers 
running  and  crying  in  every  direction,  while  the  men,  nearly  as 
much  confused,  ran  about  trying  in  the  best  manner  they  could  to> 
save  their  little  property.  The  premises  had  been  used  as  a  timber- 
yard  for  150  years,  and  their  contents  at  the  time  of  the  fire  were 
yalued  at  £2,000.  The  total  damage  was  estimated  at  £12,000. 
Mr.  Pringle,  the  chief  clerk  of  the  establishment,  was  a  very  great 
sufferer,  inasmuch  as  himself  and  sisters  lost  all  they  possessed. 
On  the  fire  being  discovered  they  had  to  leave  their  house,  in  order 
to  save  their  lives,  without  the  necessary  clothing.  Mr.  Pringle 
enjoyed  the  respect  and  confidence  of  his  employer,  and  was 
generally  esteemed.  He  had  been  in  the  establishment  for  29 
years,  and  his  father  was  a  servant  in  the  same  office  for  the  long 
period  of  50  years.  A  public  meeting  was  held,  and  the  sum  of 
£387  was  subscribed  for  the  relief  of  the  sufferers. 

184S  (July  7.> — Died,  at  his  house  in  Pilgrim- street,  Newcastle, 
the  Rev.  James  Worswick,  aged  73>  for  forty-eight  years  minister 
of  the  Roman  Catholic  Chapel  in  that  town.  He  was  the  son  of 
an  eminent  banker  at  Lancaster,  but  preferring  to  labour  for  others 
rather  than  aggrandize  himself,  he  renounced  the  means  of 
accumulating  wealth,  and  made  choice  of  the  priesthood,  that  he- 
might  spend  his  life  in  the  service  of  his  church.  His  liberal 
expenditure  amongst  the  poor,  extensive  acquirements,  and  pre- 
possessing manners,  made  him  beloved  and  respected  by  all  who 
knew  him.  July  13,  his  interment  took  place,  in  the  then 
unfinished  church  in  Clayton-street,  and  was  attended  by  many 
thousands  of  persons,  who  walked  in  procession  from  Pilgrim- 
street  to  the  place  of  sepulture. 

July  12. — The  37th  Regiment  of  Infantry,  stationed  at 
Newcastle  Barracks,  was  reviewed  on  the  Town  Moor  by  Sir  A. 
Duff,  general  of  the  district,  who  was  accompanied  by  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  Higgins  and  a  splendid  staff.  After  the  review  the 
regiment  formed  into  square,  in  the  centre  of  which  were  the 
General,  Colonel  Sir  J.  M.  Wallace,  Lieutenant-Colonel  Bradshaw, 
Mayor,  &c.,  &c.,  and  new  colours  having  been  consecrated  by 
the  Rev.  W.  Dodd,  they  were  presented  to  the  regiment  by  the 
general  in  an  appropriate  address.  The  regiment  was  raised  in, 


A.&.    1843.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  179 

1702,  and  embarked  for  Holland  1703,  and  joined  the  Duke  of 
Maryborough's  army;  fought  at  the  battle  of  Schnotterbugh  on  the 
2nd  of  July,  1704,  and  at  the  battle  of  Blenheim  on  the  13th  of 
August,  1704;  served  at  the  memorable  battle  of  Ramillies,  23rd 
May,  1706  ;  formed  part  of  landing  brigade  at  the  battle  of 
Oudernarde,  llth  July,  1708,  and  particularly  distinguished 
themselves  on  that  occasion  ;  were  engaged  at  the  siege  of 
Tournay,  in  1709;  and  at  the  sanguinary  battle  of  Malplagnet, 
llth  of  September,  1709;  formed  part  of  the  expedition  against 
Lubec  in  1711  ;  served  in  Flanders  in  1712,  under  the  Duke  of 
Ormond  ;  were  at  the  battle  of  Dettingen,  1 743,  under  King 
George  the  Second  and  the  Earl  of  Stair ;  were  at  the  battle  of 
Fontenoy  in  1745  ;  highly  distinguished  themselves  at  the  battle 
of  Minden,  1st  August,  1759,  and,  in  consequence,  had  the  word 
Minden  inscribed  on  their  colours ;  were  at  the  battle  of  Kirch 
Denkern,  15th  July,  1761  ;  were  at  the  battle  of  Grabenstein  in 
1762;  were  at  the  capture  of  Lond  Island,. in  America,  1777; 
served  in  North  America  during  the  whole  of  the  war  and  after 
the  peace  in  1783;  embarked  for  Holland,  1793;  served  under 
the  Duke  of  York,  1793  and  1794 ;  were  at  the  battle  of  Monora, 
17th  and  18th  May,  1794  ;  highly  distinguished  themselves  in  an 
action  fought  near  Tournay,  on  the  22nd  of  May,  1 794  ;  and,  in 
consequence,  had  the  word  Tournay  inscribed  on  the  colours  ;  in 
short,  all  throughout  the  Peninsula  War,  and  up  to  this^time, 
the  37th  Regiment  has  uniformly  distinguished  itself  in  a  very 
exemplary  manner. 

1843  (July  20). — This  afternoon,  at  three  o'clock,  the  Martello, 
Hull  and  Leith  Steam  Packet  Company's  steamer,  arrived  at  the 
Granton  Pier,  bringing  the  sad  tidings  of  the  total  loss  of  the 
Pegasus,  Hull  steamer,  belonging  to  the  same  company.  The 
vessel  struck  on  the  Goldstone  Rock,  near  the  Farn  Islands,  and 
not  far  distant  from  the  spot  where  the  Forfarshire  experienced  a 
similar  fate  about  six  years  previously  (see  page  97).  The  sudden 
shock  experienced,  at  a  time  when  every  one  on  board,  from  the 
calmness  of  the  evening  and  the  smoothness  of  the  sea,  felt  the 
most  perfect  security,  at  once  made  them  alive  to  the  imminence 
of  the  danger.  The  boats  were  immediately  lowered,  but  were  soon 
swamped  by  the  crowd  of  persons  who  rushed  into  them  About 
five  o'clock  a.m.,  the  Martello  descried  the  wreck,  and  succeeded 
in  saving  six  persons,  the  only  survivors  who  were  floating  about 
on  pieces  of  timber,  &c.,  much  exhausted.  At  the  time  of  the 
accident,  there  were  twenty-three  steerage  and  eighteen  cabin  pas- 
sengers, besides  a  crew  of  fourteen  men,  in  the  ill-fated  vessel, 
consequently  forty-nine  persons  lost  their  lives.  A  Mr.  Baillie, 
one  of  the  passengers  saved,  stated,  that  previous  to  the  foundering 
of  the  vessel,  Mr.  Mackenzie,  a  minister,  called  on  those  around  him 
to  engage  in  prayer,  which  we  all  did  most  heartily.  One  lady  was 
standing  near  me  at  the  time  with  two  children,  I  heard  her  calmly 
resign  her  soul  to  the  Almighty,  while  her  two  little  children,  about 
four  years  of  age,  were  prattling  together,  evidently  ignorant  of 


ISO  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.fc.  1843. 

any  danger.  I  could  stand  this  scene  no  longer,  the  ship  was  just 
sinking,  so  I  sprang  into  the  sea.  Mr.  Brown,  the  mate,  stated, 
that  he  was  drawn  under  the  water  with  the  suction  of  the  ship, 
and  when  he  rose  again  he  saw  the  master  swimming.  The  sea, 
at  this  time,  was  covered  with  the  sufferers  in  their  last  mental 
agony,  contending  with  the  waves,  and  he  described  the  scene  as 
most  fearful,  shrieks  and  prayers  were  heard  on  every  side,  and 
ever  and  anon,  some  wretched  sufferer  disappeared,  and  was 
swallowed  up  in  the  great  inexorable.  The  Pegasus  was  quite 
out  of  her  track,  but  from  what  cause  was  not  ascertained. 

1843  (August  7). — The  long  talked  of  Tyne  Regatta  took  place 
at  the  Low  Lights,  North  Shields,  and  the  weather  being  fine,  the 
sports  drew  together  an  immense  concourse  of  spectators.  Mr. 
Joseph  Straker  was  commodore  and  Mr.  T.  Garbutt  conductor. 
The  amusements  concluded  on  the  8th,  by  a  ball  at  the  Golden 
Lion  Inn,  South  Shields,  which  was  led  off  by  Mrs.  Eddowes  and 
R.  Ingham,  esq. 

August  19. — A  piece  of  very  handsome  plate,  manufactured 
by  Messrs.  Reid  and  Sons,  Newcastle,  was  presented  to  Mr. 
Thomas  Teasdale,  by  the  miners,  workmen,  and  Mends  of  the 
Silver  Tongue  Mine  Adventure,  at  Greenhead  Derwent. 

August  24. — The  tide  was  so  low  at  the  mouth  of  the  Tyne, 
that  a  pilot,  named  Robert  Young,  waded  across  the  Bar,  from  the 
north  to  the  south  side.  Another  very  low  tide  occurred  September 
6th,  1846,  when  three  pilots  walked  across  the  river,  from  the  north 
to  the  south  side.  See  Sykes,  August  26th,  1824. 

October  10. — Died,  at  Wallsend,  in  the  county  of  Northum- 
berland, in  the  70th  year  of  his  age,  John  Buddie,  esq.  The 
deceased  was  born  at  Kyo,  near  Tanfield,  Durham,  his  father 
being  then  the  schoolmaster  at  that  place,  though  ultimately  the 
manager  of  the  celebrated  Wallsend  Colliery,  a  situation  in  which 
his  son  succeeded  him  in  1806.  As  a  mining  engineer  and  colliery 
manager,  Mr.  Buddie  had  long  stood  in  the  front  rank  of  his 
profession,  and  the  extensive  and  varied  scientific  knowledge  which 
he  possessed,  and  the  almost  unrivalled  skill  and  judgment  with 
which  he  applied  that  knowledge  to  actual  practice,  procured  for 
him  the  highest  professional  reputation,  not  only  in  this  country, 
but  abroad.  His  sterling  honesty  and  unaffected  kindness  of 
heart  caused  him  to  be  loved  and  respected  by  his  friends,  and  the 
liberality  with  which  he  privately  bestowed  large  sums  in  acts  of 
charity  will  be  long  and  gratefully  remembered  by  those  numerous 
individuals  who  were  the  objects  of  his  unostentatious  benevolence. 
Mr.  Buddie  left  a  fortune  of  not  less  than  £150,000,  as  a  monu- 
ment of  his  skill  and  enterprize.  October  16th,  the  remains  of  the 
deceased  were  interred  at  Benwell.  Sixty  gentlemen  on  horseback 
preceded  the  hearse,  which  was  followed  by  nine  mourning 
coaches,  upwards  of  sixty  private  carriages,  and  a  great  number 
of  workmen  from  various  collieries. 

October  21.— The  pitmen  of  Northumberland  and  Durham 
held  a  meeting  at  Shadon  Hill,  for  the  purpose  of  presenting 


A.D.  1843.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  181 

Thomas  Slingsby  Buncombe,  esq.,  M.P.,  with  an  address  expres- 
sive of  their  high  admiration  of  his  zealous  and  unwearied 
advocacy  of  the  interests  of  the  people.  At  least  25,000  persons 
were  present  on  the  occasion. 

1843  (October  27). — This  morning  one  of  the  boilers  attached  to 
the  Spital  Tongues  Colliery  exploded,  when  the  engineman  was 
thrown  a  considerable  distance  and  shortly  afterwards  expired. 

November  3. — Three  massive  doors  were  completed  in  New- 
castle for  the  York  Minster,  and  sent  off  this  day.  The  three 
were  alike,  and  measured  sixteen  feet  in  height  and  six  and  a  half 
feet  in  breadth.  They  were  executed  by  Mr.  James  Wallace, 
builder,  and  Mr.  R.  S.  Scott,  carver,  both  of  Newcastle,  and  their 
elegant  workmanship  was  admired  by  all  who  saw  them. 

November  9. — The  following  gentlemen  were  elected  chief 
magistrates  of  the  boroughs  in  Northumberland  and  Durham  ; — • 
Newcastle — Sir  John  Fife;  William  Cookson,  esq.,  sheriff. 
Gateshead — William  Kenmir,  esq.  Sunderland — Robert  Burdon 
Cay,  esq.  Durham — Robert  Henry  Allan,  esq.  Stockton — 
Charles  Trotter,  esq.  Morpeth — Robert  Hawdon,  esq.  Berwick — 
Patrick  Clay,  esq, ;  George  Johnston,  esq.,  sheriff. 

November  21. — One  of  the  Newcastle  and  Carlisle  Railway 
omnibusses  was  standing  at  the  station,  having  three  inside 
passengers,  the  driver  being  absent.  All  at  once  the  horses  bolted 
off  and  galloped  along  Marlborough-street,  Clayton-street,  Market- 
street,  and  Grey-street,  taking  all  the  turns  with  care,  and,  although 
it  is  well  known  that  the  entrance  to  the  yard  of  the  Turk's  Head 
is  so  narrow  as  to  require,  cautious  driving  to  take  in  a  carriage, 
yet  the  horses  at  full  speed  entered  the  yard,  and  made  a  full  stop 
at  the  stable  door,  without  doing  any  material  injury.  It  appears 
they  took  a  wide  sweep,  so  as  to  bring  the  carriage  almost  parallel 
with  the  yard,  before  entering. 

November  23. — Died,  at  Wingates,  near  Morpeth,  Mr.  Thomas 
Hume,  aged  87.  The  deceased  and  his  forefathers  had  been 
tenants  upon  the  same  farm  for  439  years,  an  ancestor  having  held 
it  in  1411,  when  the  estate  was  purchased  by  Roger  de  Thornton. 

December  7. — The  members  and  other  friends  of  the  Master 
Mariners'  Asylum,  at  South  Shields,  assembled  at  the  Seamen's 
Hall,  R.  Anderson,  esq.,  in  the  chair,  and  after  the  statement 
of  their  accounts  were  read,  they  walked  in  procession,  preceded 
by  a  band  of  music,  amidst  a  large  concourse  of  spectators, 
to  an  eminence  near  the  sea,  where  the  foundation-stone  of  the 
asylum  was  laid  by  Mr.  Anderson.  The  site,  more  than  an  acre, 
was  presented  by  R.  Ingharn,  esq  ,  and  Dr.  Winterbottom  supplied 
the  society  with  funds  for  building  four  cottages.  A  collation  was 
provided  for  the  Master  Mariners'  Society  and  their  friends  in  the 
Seamen's  Hall,  Fowler-street,  to  which  the  party  returned,  after 
the  ceremony.  In  1846,  seventeen  additional  cottages  had  been 
built  at  the  expense  of  Dr.  Winterbottom,  who  has  long  been  a 
munificent  friend  to  all  the  institutions  in  the  neighbourhood. 
Matthew  Popple  well,  esq.,  also  became  a  liberal  subscriber  to  the 
society. 


OF 

(Daxmttr  27;.— The  brethren  of  the  St.  Hilda  Lodge 
292,  of  Free  and  Accepted  Masons,  Sonihaie^^tto  anniver- 
sary festival,  in  their  lodge  room,  at  Brother  Towers',  Golden  Lion 
Hotel,  Kins-street,  when  the  following  officers  were  duly  installed 
foV^msm^Tyear:- T.  B.  Qyston,  esq.  W.AL  ;  R.  Anderson, 
«so-,  >  Gregory,  esq-  J.  VT. :  K.  >L  Kelly,  esq.,  treasurer; 

J  CumminV  secretarv*:  G.  D.  Hall,  S.D. ;  W.  Ripon.  J.D. :  J. 
Marshall,  J.G. ;  W.  "Preston,  SJS. ;  H.  Hewison,  J.S. ;  and  J. 
Fancor,  trier.  The  ceremonies  of  the  day  being  concluded,  a 
namerow  company  sat  down  to  an  excellent  dinner  and  wines  of 

l&U  (January  23).— As  Wilfiam  Thompson,  a  man  in  the 
employment  of  Mr.  Thomas  Muers,  of  Warkworth  Mills,  was 
proceeding  home,  he  was  attacked  by  three  men,  who  were 
secreted  in  the  wood  nearly  opposite  the  Hermitage.  It  being 
exceedingly  dark  he  could  not  identify  the  party,  but  set  to  work 
in  earnest  to  defend  h  •  mag  tf  and  succeeded  in  pitching  one  of  them 


into  the  river  Coquet.     The  other  two  took  to  their  heels  shouting 
tor  Thompson  to  take  their  companion  out  of  the  water  or  he 


be  drowned.     Thompson,  with  die  assistance  of  a  branch, 
drowned  man 


ashore,  when  it  tamed  out  to  be 
of  the  name  of  Smaiks,  who  had,  with  another 
youth  nsmH  Wear,  been  pursoaded  to  the  spot  by  a  notorious 
tObw  rf  :-  BHM  rf  T       mi  Itmfe,  vna   had  ^en  :ie  ic.-ror  of 

for  some  time. 

Died,  in   Newcastle,  Mr.  Joseph  Welch.     The 
the  Grey  Column,  in  Newcastle,  the  Ouse- 
Viadnct,  the  Beffingham  Bridge  on  the  Tvne,  Ac.       His 

Jaxvary  29. — This  evening,  a  fire  broke  out  in  the  stack-yard 

::"    M      \-      :.--.-     .:    >-v  .".  .  .".  .  '•:-  -•  •':.  :  .   ^.-~  ••-.    <..i5:r    jr.-.ir. 
lift    :::r    had   svilmmlff   b-^-    :he   work   of  aa 
A::  ;.  al  hW 


Oxley,  was  transported  for  fife  for  the 

16.— Died,  at  Heworth,  Durham,  in  his  88th  year, 
Anthony   Basterby,   esq.       He 

trader  La  the'to^n  of  Neweaatia, 


with  his  late  partner,  Mr.  George  Doableday,  the 


thai 

have  si  ace  been  carried  to  so  great  an  extent  on  the  Tvne,  On 
the  passing  of  the  Municipal  Reform  Bill  in  1855,  Mr.  Easterby 
of  the  Town  Council,  and  subsequently  an 
for  the  town  and  county  of  Newcastle, 
for  a  few  years,  increasing  age 


Jfarca     14.— A   murder   of  a   most    revolting 
perpetrated    in    Blandford-street,    Newcastle,    by 
•amed  Mark  Sherwood,  on  the  body  of  Ann  Sherwood,  his  wife. 
The  parties  occupied  two  underground  rooms  in 
••4  the  eril  of  porerty  in  coamoon  was  aggraTated  by  the< 


A.D.   18-U.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  183 

habits  of  Sherwood.  It  appeared  that  he  had  been  a  soldier  in  the 
Artillery,  and  enjoyed  a  small  pension  ;  and  having  thus  frequent 
means  of  gratifying  hi?  propensity,  there  was  little  domestic  peace. 
The  parties  were  heard  quarrelling  on  the  previous  day.  and  the 
woman  then  used  language  which  would  aggravate  the  most  placid 
and  least  jealous  of  husbands.  This  morning,  suspicion  being 
excited  by  the  silence  which  prevailed  in  their  apartments,  Ann 
Sutherland,  niece  of  the  murdered  woman,  borrowed  a  key  of 
Walter  Ormston.  who  lived  in  an  adjoining  house,  with  which  she 
succeeded  in  obtaining  an  entrance,  when  the  woman  was  found 
lyin^  dead  upon  the  floor,  her  head  nearly  severed  from  her  body, 
and  beside  her  lay  Sherwood,  also  apparently  dead,  but  in  reality 
only  insensible  from  the  effects  of  whisky.  Terrified  as  she  was, 
Sutherland  managed  to  alarm  the  neighbours.  Information  was 
communicated  to  Inspector  Little,  at  the  Westgate  Police-station, 
and  in  a  very  short  space  of  time  police  were  on  the  spot,  almost 
directly  followed  by  Messrs.  Carr  and  Taylor,  surgeons.  Ann 
Sherwood,  the  wife,  on  examination,  presented  an  appearance  truly 
horrifying.  In  her  throat  were  two  deep  and  frightful  gashes, 
from  which  blood  had  necessarily  flowed  in  profusion.  Two  other 
dreadful  wounds  were  in  the  left  jaw.  These  had  apparently  been 
inflicted  in  the  midst  of  a  struggle,  for  that  there  had  been  a 
struggle  was  proved  by  the  cuts  and  blood  which  were  on  the 
hands,  the  thumb  of  one  of  which  was  nearly  severed.  Attention 
was  next  turned  to  Sherwood  himself.  He  was  still  alive,  but  in 
a  state  of  drunken  stupefaction  so  complete,  and  in  such  a  scene 
so  shocking,  that  death  seemed  for  a  time  to  have  the  mastery. 
The  stomach-pump  was  applied  with  vigour,  and  drew  off  an 
almost  incredible  quantity  of  whisky.  On  the  suggestion  of  Dr. 
White,  mustard  blisters  were  applied  to  his  legs  and  feet,  and  this 
application  was  followed  by  immediate  good  results.  At  the 
Summer  Assizes,  before  Chief  Baron  Pollock,  Sherwood  was  tried 
and  convicted  of  the  murder,  and  sentenced  to  be  executed,  but 
certain  circumstances  in  the  case  led  several  influential  persons  in 
the  town  and  neighbourhood  to  petition  for  a  commutation  of  the 
sentence  to  transportation  for  life.  Their  applications,  however, 
were  not  successful  and  the  execution  took  place  on  the  Town 
Moor  on  the  23rd  August  following.  On  examining  the  premises 
the  police  found  in  the  adjoining  room  a  still,  with  every  apparatus 
necessary  for  the  illicit  manufacture  of  spirit. 

l^ii  (March  IS). — An  incendiary  fire  occurred  in  the  stack-yard 
of  Mr.  George  Dodds,  at  Coxlodge,  near  Newcastle,  when  the 
whole  of  the  stacks  were  destroyed.  Another  attempt  to  set 
fire  to  the  farm  buildings  was  made  on  the  27th,  but  without 
effect.  A  reward  of  £200  was  offered  for  the  discovery  of  the 
perpetrators. 

April  5. — The  bonds  by  which  the  Northumberland  and 
Durham  pitmen  were  engaged  to  their  employers  expired  this  day, 
and  the  men,  generally,  refused  to  renew  them.  On  the  8th,  a 
meeting,  held  at  Black  Fell,  was  attended  by  upwards  of  30,000 


184  HISTOKICAL    REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1844, 

pitmen,  and  it  was  then  determined  to  adhere  to  the  terms  offered 
to,  but  refused  by,  the  masters.  One  of  the  most  singular 
conditions  demanded  by  the  men,  was,  that  they  should  be  secured 
work  yielding  15s.  for  every  week  throughout  the  year,  but  that 
they  should  not,  on  any  account,  be  required  to  work  for  more 
than  3s.  per  day.  This  self-imposed  restriction,  they  supposed, 
would  equalize  the  demand  for  labour  throughout  the  district  and 
prevent,  in  future,  any  portion  of  their  body  from  being  thrown 
out  of  employment.  According  to  a  return  published  at  the  time, 
the  following  were  the  numbers  of  men  employed  in  the  several 
districts,  nearly  all  of  whom  "  struck"  :— the  Tyne,  15,556; 
Blyth,  1,031 ;  the  Wear,  13,172  ;  the  Tees,  4,211  ;  Total,  33,970. 
This  disastrous  "  strike"  continued  during  five  months  and  caused 
great  and  general  depression  in  the  trade  of  the  town  and  neigh- 
bourhood. The  colliers  finally  resumed  employment  without 
obtaining  the  objects  for  which  the  "  strike"  was  commenced.  The 
loss  to  the  district  was  estimated  at  upwards  of  half  a  million 
sterling. 

1844  (April  II). — Died,  at  Berwick,  at  the  extraordinary  age  of 
119  years,  James  Stewart,  better  known  in  the  neighbourhood 
as  Jamie  Strength.  The  deceased  was  born  in  America,  but 
arrived  in  England  at  an  early  age,  and  was  present  at  the  battle 
of  Preston  Pans.  Shortly  after  he  enlisted  in  a  Highland  regiment, 
and  was  at  the  capture  of  Quebec  by  General  Wolfe.  He 
afterwards  entered  the  navy,  and  was  with  Rodney  in  his  great 
victory  over  the  Comte  de  Grasse.  After  obtaining  his  discharge 
he  came  to  Berwick,  and  continued  ever  after  to  reside  in  the 
neighbourhood,  supporting  himself  by  his  fiddle  and  by  exhibiting 
feats  of  almost  supernatural  strength.  He  had  had  five  wives  and 
twenty-seven  children,  several  of  whom  died  in  the  service  of  their 
country.  His  death  was  caused  by  a  fall,  which  severely  injured 
his  vertebra, 

April  13. — As  Humble  Lamb,  esq.,  a  highly-respected  magis- 
trate of  Northumberland  and  Durham,  was  walking  in  Pilgrim- 
street,  Newcastle,  he  was  suddenly  attacked  with  a  fit  of  apoplexy 
and  died  instantaneously.  He  was  in  his  71st  year. 

April  17. — Mr.  William  Maughan,  aged  39,  a  respectable 
farmer,  residing  in  Westoe,  hung  himself  under  a  shed  belonging 
to  Mr.  Tony  Walker,  at  Barn. 

April. — Sixty  years  ago  a  pair  of  bluecaps  built  their  nest  in 
a  large  stone  bottle,  which  had  been  left  to  drain,  between  the 
lower  boughs  of  a  fruit  tree,  in  the  garden  of  Mr.  Callinder, 
farmer,  near  Stockton.  Every  year  since  that  period  a  pair  of 
bluecaps  have  regularly  built  a  nest  and  reared  their  progeny  in 
the  same  bottle,  and  during  this  month  the  little  creatures  were 
again  busily  employed  in  constructing  a  nest  in  their  old  domicile. 

April. — About  the  end  of  this  month  the  "Scotsman"  an 
Edinburgh  newspaper,  stated  that  a  large  vessel  was  then  loading 
coal  at  Leith  for  Newcastle,  in  consequence  of  the  pitmen's  strike, 
and  "duff,"  very  small  coal,  which  had  hitherto  been  nearly 
worthless,  rose  to  a  high  price. 


A.D.  1844.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS  185 

1844  (May  22>— Died,  at  Birling,  near  Warkworth,  aged  82, 
Henry  Cramlington,  esq.,  the  last  of  an  ancient  Northumberland 
family.  Mr.  Cramlington  was  three  times  mayor  of  Newcastle. 

May  27, — The  annual  Oddfellows'  procession  took  place  in 
Newcastle,  with  the  usual  display  of  banners  and  paraphernalia, 
and  was  attended  by  deputies  from  nearly  every  town  in  the 
kingdom.  James  Mansfield,  esq.,  Grand  Master,  presided  at  the 
meeting  held  in  the  Spital.  The  order  was  stated  to  have  240,000 
members,  with  an  annual  income  of  £270,000.  On  the  28th  the 
Music  Hall  was  comfortably  filled  by  members  of  the  order,  who 
sat  down  to  a  substantial  supper.  Sir  John  Fife,  the  mayor, 
presided,  with  George  Crawshay,  esq.,  Gateshead,  as  vice- 
chairman. 

May. — During  this  month  the  Emperor  of  Russia  presented  to 
John  Thomas  Carr,  esq.,  Russian  Vice-Consul  for  this  port, 
another  splendid  ring,  as  an  acknowledgment  for  his  activity  and 
skill  in  superintending  the  building  of  vessels  in  this  country.  The 
ring  is  of  a  most  superb  and  costly  description,  being  very  large, 
and  composed  principally  of  diamonds,  several  of  which  are  of 
great  size  and  brilliance.  In  the  centre  is  the  imperial  N,  set  on 
blue  enamel. 

June  12. — Mr.  Belaney,  a  surgeon,  who  had  for  some  time 
resided  at  North  Sunderland,  and  who  was  well  known  in  the 
North  of  England  in  connection  with  the  revival  of  falconry  as  an 
amusement,  was  this  day  taken  into  custody,  in  London,  under 
suspicion  of  having  poisoned  his  wife,  a  young  and  lovely  woman, 
of  very  respectable  connections.  This  suspicion  was  intensified  by 
the  fact  that  Mrs.  Belaney's  mother,  Mrs.  Skelly,  died  very 
suddenly  a  few  months  before,  whilst  residing  with  Belaney,  at 
North  Sunderland,  and  that  Mrs.  Skelly's  property,  which  was 
considerable,  then  passed  to  her  daughter.  Belaney  stated  that 
he  had  been  in  the  habit  of  taking  prussio  acid  for  some  peculiar 
derangement  of  the  stomach,  that  in  taking  a  dose  he  had  broken 
the  bottle  containing  it,  and  had,  in  consequence,  poured  a  portion 
of  the  liquid  into  a  tumbler  in  his  bed-room,  and  that  his  wife,  in 
his  absence  in  search  of  another  bottle,  had  poured  water  into  the 
glass  and  drunk  of  the  contents.  The  most  suspicious  circum- 
stances against  him  were  that  he  had  written  letters  to  his  friends 
in  the  North,  informing  them  that  Mrs.  Belaney  had  been  taken 
suddenly  and  seriously  ill,  and  that  she  was  not  expected  to 
recover,  when,  in  fact,  she  was  in  her  usual  health ;  and  these 
communications  were  followed  by  others  stating  that  Mrs.  Belaney 
could  not  survive  the  night,  and  that  she  was  attended  by  three  of 
the  first  medical  men  in  London,  when,  at  the  same  time,  she  must 
have  been  dead  some  hours.  A  Captain  Clark,  when  questioned 
by  one  of  the  jurors  at  the  inquest  as  to  his  opinion  of  the  matter, 
said  that  the  silence  which  Mr.  Belaney  preserved  up  to  the 
Monday  night  with  respect  to  the  prussic  acid  would  have  tended 
to  excite  his  suspicions,  did  he  not  know  that  gentleman  to  be  most 
kind  and  humane,  as  he  had  seen  him  mourn  with  unaffected  grief 

A  1 


13(5  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OP  [A.D.  1844. 

the  death  of  a  favourite  falcon,  which  had  been  presented  to  him 
by  the  Duke  of  St.  Albans.  He  thought  it  impossible,  and  contrary 
to  human  nature,  that  one  so  kind  and  good  could  wilfully 
administer  poison  to  a  wife  so  kind  and  gentle,  and  to  whom  he 
appeared  so  deeply  attached.  Captain  Clark  wept  as  he  bore  this 
testimony  to  the  disposition  of  his  friend.  The  coroner's  verdict 
resulted  in  a  verdict  of  wilful  murder,  but,  at  the  conclusion  of  the 
trial,  August  22nd,  a  verdict  of  not  guilty  was  returned.  The 
public  feeling  in  North  Sunderland,  to  which  Mr.  Belaney  returned 
after  the  trial,  was  evinced  in  the  most  marked  and  emphatic 
manner.  On  September  the  16th,  a  great  crowd  of  persons, 
carrying  an  effigy,  assembled  in  front  of  his  house.  This  annoyed 
him  so  much  that  he  fired  a  pistol  amongst  them,  and  then  made 
his  escape  by  the  back  of  the  premises.  The  result  was  the  total 
destruction  of  his  house  and  furniture,  the  mob  having  sacked  the 
house,  broken  up  the  furniture,  and  then  set  fire  to  the  whole. 

1844  (June  18). — This  day  will  henceforth  be  a  day  doubly 
memorable.      Long   associated    with    one    of    the   most   brilliant 
triumphs  of  British  arms  and  courage,  it  will  now  be  remembered 
as  the  anniversary  of  the   more  praiseworthy  success  of  skill  and 
industry.     The  Newcastle  and  Darlington  Railway,  the  last  link 
hi  the  railway  communication  between  London  and  Newcastle  was 
this  day  opened  to  the  public.     At  nine  o'clock  in  the  morning 
three   trains,    each   containing    six   carriages,    started    from    the 
Brandling  Junction,  at   Gateshead,  and  arrived  at  Darlington  at 
twenty   minutes    past    eleven.     At   twenty    minutes   to    one    an 
imposing  train  of  twenty-one  carriages  arrived  at  York  with  Mr. 
Hudson  and  a  numerous    party  of    directors    and   shareholders. 
Almost  immediately  afterwards  several  of  the  directors  of  the 
London  and  Birmingham  line,  the  Hon.  H.  T.  Liddell,  M.P.,  and 
other  influential  gentlemen,  reached   the  station  in  a  special  train 
from  London,  having  left  Euston-square  about  five  o'clock  the 
same    morning.     An   hour    and    a    quarter    were    consumed    by 
stoppages,  so  that  the  whole  distance  was  actually  accomplished  in 
six  hours  and  forty-five  minutes.  The  party  brought  down  several 
copies  of  the  "  Morning  Herald,"  containing  an  important  debate 
in  the  House  of  Commons,  which  had  concluded  at  half-past  one 
o'clock  the  same  morning.     One  immense  train  was  then  formed, 
headed  by  three  powerful  engines,  and,  at  one  o'clock,  the  proces- 
sion   moved   towards    Newcastle,    and   arrived    at    Gateshead  at 
twenty-four  minutes  past  two  in  the  afternoon,  amidst  the  firing  of 
cannon  and  the  greeting  of  assembled  thousands.     The  route  was 
over  83  miles  of  the  London  and  Birmingham  Railway,  to  Rugby ; 
49|  miles  of  the  Midland  Counties  Railway,  to  Derby;  63£  miles 
of  the  North  Midland  Railway,  to  Normanton  ;  23|  miles  of  the 
York  and  North  Midland  Railway,  to  York  ;  45  miles  of  the  Great 
North  of  England  Railway,  to  Darlington;    27|  miles  of   the 
Newcastle  and  Darlington  Railway,  to  Washington ;  5^  miles  of 
Ppntop   and  South  Shields  Railway,  to  Brockley  Whins  ;  and  6  J 
miles  of  the  Brandling  Junction  Railway,  to  Gateshead.     In  the 


A.D.    1844.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  187 

evening  about  350  gentlemen  dined  in  the  Assembly  Rooms,  under 
the  presidency  of  George  Hudson,  esq.,  chairman  of  the  line,  tho 
vice-chairs  being  occupied  by  Messrs.  N.  Plews,  R.  Davies,  E. 
Oxley,  and  C.  Tee.  It  was  stated  during  the  evening  that  the  new- 
line  had  cost  only  £20,000  a  mile. 

1844  (June  24J. — TheNewcastle  Races  commenced  this  day.  The 
Northumberland  Plate  was  won  by  Mr.  H.  Johnstone's  br  c  The 
Era  (Lye)  ;  Best  of  Three,  second  ;  Bay  Momus,  third,  and 
Queen  of  the  Tyne,  fourth  The  Gold  Cup  was  won  by  Mr.  M. 
Bell's  b  m  Alice  Hawthorne  (Templeman),  beating  Mr.  J.  Bell's 
ch  c  Winesour. 

June  26, — At  the  time  that  the  horses  were  gathering  for 
the  Northumberland  Plate  a  most  frightful  accident  took  place, 
by  which  the  limbs  of  several  individuals  were  fractured.  A 
wooden  stand,  near  the  winning  chair,  gave  way,  whilst  crowded 
with  spectators,  when  a  dreadful  scene  of  confusion  followed.  It 
would  be  impossible  to  give  anything  like  a  correct  account  of  the 
numerous  bruises  and  fractures  received.  The  following  are  a 
few  of  the  sufferers  that  were  conveyed  to  the  Infirmary,  and 
instantly  attended  to  by  Dr.  Taylor  the  house  surgeon : — Mr. 
George  Oliver,  agent,  New  Bridge-street,  Newcastle,  had  his 
thigh  bone  broken  ;  William  Ballance,  Blaydon,  had  his  leg 
broken;  John  Hall,  Lisle-street,  Newcastle,  had  his  right  arm 
and  left  leg  broken  ;  Henry  Stephenson,  Manor-chare,  Newcastle, 
had  his  left  leg  broken ;  Thomas  Hodgson,  Albion-street,  New- 
castle, had  his  right  leg  broken  ;  William  Rowell,  Thornton-street, 
Newcastle,  had  his  right  leg  broken,  and  Thomas  Lowthin, 
Gallowgate,  Newcastle,  had  his  right  eye  knocked  out. 

June. — During  this  month,  the  following  appeared  in  the  list 
of  patents  : — John  Lee,  esq.,  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne,  for 
improvements  in  obtaining  products  from  sulphurets  and  other 
compounds  containing  sulphur,  sealed  the  30th  of  May,  6  months 
for  enrolment ;  Mr.  Joseph  Cowen,  of  Blaydon  Burn,  near  New- 
castle-upon-Tyne, merchant,  for  improvements  in  making  retorts 
for  generating  gas  for  illumination,  sealed  4th  June,  6  months  for 
enrolment. 

August  28. — The  Earl  of  Zetland,  Grand  Master  of  the  Free- 
masons of  England,  laid  the  foundation-stone  of  a  monument 
to  the  late  Earl  of  Durham,  on  Pensher  Hill,  with  great  ceremony. 
The  attendance  of  spectators  was  immense,  at  least  30,000  being 
present.  The  monument  is  of  the  Grecian  order  of  architecture, 
and,  in  design,  is  an  approximation  to  the  Temple  of  Theseus. 
It  is  100  feet  long  by  53  wide,  the  height  being  about  70  feet. 

September  10. — The  Queen  and  royal  family  sailed  past  the 
Durham  and  Northumberland  coasts,  on  their  way  to  Scotland, 
and  the  royal  squadron  was  distinctly  observed  by  crowds  of 
spectators.  The  passage  from  London  to  Tynemouth  (320  miles) 
was  accomplished  in  twenty-nine  hours,  the  quickest  passage  then 
recorded. 


188  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1844. 

lSU(September  28).— An  appalling  explosion  of  fire-damp  occurred 
at  Haswell  Colliery,  in  the  county  of  Durham,  this  day,  when 
ninety-five  human  beings  were  deprived  of  life.  The  explosion 
took  place  in  the  Button  seam,  almost  immediately  after  a  fall 
of  stone  from  the  roof  which  had  liberated  a  vast  quantity  of 
gas.  The  number  of  men  and  boys  usually  employed  in  this  part 
of  the  pit  is  about  one  hundred,  and,  when  the  explosion  took 
place,  there  were  ninety-nine  down.  The  other  four  would  also, 
without  doubt,  have  perished  had  not  the  course  of  the  explosive 
current  been  intercepted  by  some  waggons  laden  with  coals. 
Thirty-five  of  the  men  were  married,  and  many  of  them  left  large 
families.  On  the  30th,  60  of  the  bodies  were  removed  to  South 
Hetton,  and,  in  the  church-yard  of  that  village,  consigned  to  the 
grave.  On  the  following  day,  several  others  of  the  sufferers  were 
interred  at  Easington  and  other  villages.  The  pit — the  property 
of  Messrs.  Plummer,  Taylor,  and  Co. — had  been  seven  years  at 
work,  and  was  considered  a  very  safe  one.  Humanity  immediately 
suggested  the  commencement  of  a  subscription  for  the  relief  of 
the  sufferers,  and  the  sum  received  amounted  to  £4,265. 

September. — About  this  time,  H,  G.  Surtees,  esq.,  purchased  the 
manor  and  estate  of  Dinsdale,  near  Darlington,  from  the  trustees 
of  the  Earl  of  Durham,  for  £40,000.  The  estate,  which  had 
formerly  belonged  to  the  family  of  Surtees,  was  purchased  by 
W.  Lambton,  esq,,  in  the  year  1770,  for  £15,000. 

October  8. — A  frightful  accident  occurred  this  morning,  on 
the  Brandling  Junction  Railway,  near  Brockley  Whins.  It 
arose  from  the  collision  of  two  engines,  one  of  them  attached  to  a 
carriage  full  of  passengers  (principally  butchers),  on  its  way  from 
Shields  to  Gateshead.  About  two  miles  from  Shields,  an  engine 
(the  Leopard)  was  observed  coming  in  an  opposite  direction,  but, 
at  so  short  a  distance,  owing  to  the  curvature  of  the  line  at  that 
part,  that  a  collision  appeared  inevitable.  The  enginemen  at 
once  reversed  the  engines  and  leaped  off,  and,  immediately  after, 
the  engines  came  into  violent  collision.  Most  of  the  passengers 
were  stunned  by  the  shock,  all  of  them  being  thrown  with  great 
force  against  the  partitions  of  the  carriages.  The  next  moment 
they  found  themselves  careering  away  towards  Shields  at  a 
tremendous  rate.  On  arriving  at  the  station  in  that  town  the 
empty  carriages  standing  there  were  knocked  to  pieces,  and  the 
engine  came  in  contact  with  a  wall,  the  shock  scattering  .the 
passengers  in  all  directions.  Two  men  were  killed,  seventeen 
others  received  most  extensive  injuries. 

October  20.— During  the  last  session  of  parliament,  an  act 
was  passed  entitled,  the  "Detached  Parts  of  Counties  Act," 
which  came  into  operation  this  day.  By  this  enactment,  Island- 
shire,  Norhamshire,  and  Bedlingtonshire,  in  Northumberland, 
and  the  parish  of  Craik,  in  Yorkshire,  were  detached  from  the 
county  of  Durham  and  annexed  to  the  counties  in  which  they 
were  locally  situated.  This  alteration  added  64,369  acres  and  a 


A.D.  1844.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  189 

population  (in  1861)  of  24,903  to  Northumberland,  at  the  expense 
of  her  neighbour. 

1844  (October  28).— Mr.  W.  G.  Thompson,  for  20  years  reporter 
to  the  "  Newcastle  Chronicle,"  was,  this  day,  found  dead  in  the 
water  closet  attached  to  the  Literary  and  Philosophical  Institution 
in  Newcastle,  with  his  throat  shockingly  cut.  He,  had  been 
missing  from  his  home  during  the  previous  week,  in  thercourse  of 
which,  entrance  to  the  closet  was  prevented  by  his  having  secured 
the  key.  The  parties  connected  with  the  library  repeatedly  sent 
to  the  Chronicle  office  for  the  key,  and  it  was  only  on  finding 
that  his  friends  had  not  seen  him  for  so  many  days;  that  a 
suspicion  of  the  painful  fact  entered  the  librarians  mind.  Besides 
very  great  professional  ability,  Mr.  Thompson  possessed  consider- 
able poetical  talent  and  literary  attainments,  and  his  contributions 
to  various  periodicals,  both  in  prose  and  verse,  were  very  generally 
admired.  In  one  or  two  instances  Christopher  North  paid  a 
tribute  to  their  worth  by  copying  them  into  the  pages  of  "  Black- 
wood."  He  was  48  years  of  age. 

November  9. — The  following  gentlemen  were  elected  mayors 
and  sheriffs  in  Northumberland  and  Durham: — Newcastle  — 
Addison  Langhorne  Potter,  esq.,  mayor  ;  John  Featherstone 
Aytoun,  esq.,  sheriff.  Gateshead — Thomas  Cummins,  esq.  Dur- 
ham— Robert  Hoggett,  esq,  Sunderland — James  Allison,  esq. 
Stockton — William  Skinner,  esq.  Morpeth — Thomas  Jobling,  esq. 
Berwick — John  Ker  Nicholson,  esq.,  mayor ;  George  Gilchrist, 
esq.,  sheriff. 

November  11. — General  Tom  Thumb,  a  dwarf,  was  exhibited 
in  the  Music  Hall,  Newcastle,  on  this  and  the  four  following 
days,  and  there,  as  elsewhere,  drew  immense  crowds  of  spectators. 
The  child,  who  was  25  inches  in  height  and  weighed  only  about 
15  lb.,  was  drawn  about  the  streets  in  a  very  handsome  chariot 
of  most  diminutive  dimensions.  He  was  represented  to  be  in  his 
thirteenth  year,  by  his  exhibitor,  Mr.  Barnum.  One  of  the  most 
accomplished  social  humbugs  existing  at  that  time,  although,  in 
reality,  he  was  only  in  his  fifth  year,  which  Mr.  Barnum 
unblushingly  acknowledged,  afterwards,  when  lecturing  in  New- 
castle on  "  Humbug." 

November  20. — As  Mr.  Hernaman,  proprietor  of  the  "  New- 
castle Journal,"  was  proceeding  from  his  residence  in  Lovaine-row 
towards  his  office  in  Grey-street,  he  was  accosted,  near  theBarras- 
bridge,  by  Mr.  Addison  Potter,  jun.  (eldest  son  of  the  then  Mayor 
of  Newcastle),  who  produced  a  copy  of  the  journal  of  the  previous 
week,  and  demanded  the  name  of  the  author  of  a  grossly  offensive 
paragraph,  which  unjustly  reflected  on  some  part  of  Mr.  Potter's 
family.  Mr.  Hernaman  replied  that  this  was  not  the  place  to 
answer  such  a  question.  Mr.  Potter  then  introduced  himself  by 
name,  and  repeated  his  demand  for  the  author  to  be  given  up  to 
him  instantly.  Mr.  Hernaman  having  again  refused  to  comply 
with  the  request,  Mr.  Potter  immediately  began  to  apply  a  whip 
to  the  shoulders  and  legs  of  the  former,  whose  cries  attracted  to 


190  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1844. 

the  spot  two  or  three  gentlemen  who  were  passing  near,  one  of 
whom,  in  interfering,  received  an  inadvertent  cut  or  two.  Mr. 
Potter  apologized  to  the  gentleman  for  the  accident,  at  the  same 
time  observing  to  Mr.  Hernaman  that  in  case  he  should  hereafter 
publish  any  insinuations  respecting  his  (Mr.  Potter's)  family,  he 
would  punish  him  again  in  a  similar  manner.  It  is,  however, 
proper  to  add  that  the  authorship  of  the  paragraph  in  question  was 
generally  supposed  not  to  be  with  Mr,  Hernaman. 

1844  (November  21> — Died,  in  London,  aged  87,  Adam  Askew, 
esq.,  of  Redheugh,  Gateshead,  and  Ellington,  Northumberland. 

December  9. — Mr.  Hugh  Ross,  of  the  Victoria  Inn,  Balmbro', 
and  Catherine  Simm,  his  servant,  after  being  present  at  a  wedding 
party,  fell  into  an  open  draw  well,  in  a  field  near  their  house,  and 
were  drowned.  The  bodies  were  discovered  on  the  following  day, 
and  this  singular  accident  created  much  excitement  in  the  neigh- 
bourhood. 

December  10. — The  body  of  William  Jacklin,  one  of  the 
gamekeepers  at  Haggerstone,  Northumberland,  was  found  at  the 
foot  of  Kyloe  Craggs,  over  which  he  had  fallen.  Death  had 
apparently  been  instantaneous. 

December  18. — A  skiff  match  took  place  on  the  river  Tyne, 
for  £100  a-side,  between  Robert  Coombes,  the  champion  of  the 
Thames,  and  Henry  Clasper,  the  champion  of  the  Tyne,  the 
distance  being  from  Newcastle  Bridge  to  Lemington  Point. 
Clasper  ran  foul  of  a  keel  near  the  Skinner  Burn,  but  though  he 
lost  much  ground,  Coombes  only  won  at  last  by  six  boat  lengths. 
The  boats  were  built  for  the  occasion,  Coombes'  weighing  43  lb., 
and  Clasper's  (which  was  built  by  himself)  49  lb.  On  the 
following  day  the  friends  of  Coombes  proposed  that  he  and  Clasper 
should,  in  the  following  week,  try  their  skill  again  in  another  skiff 
race,  and  they  offered  to  stake  £200  on  behalf  of  Coombes  to 
Clasper's  £100.  The  challenge  was  accepted,  and  £20  was  at 
once  deposited  with  Mr.  Joseph  Hair,  Quayside,  by  Coombes,  and 
£10  by  Clasper.  The  whole  of  the  money  was  to  be  deposited 
within  three  days.  Clasper's  friends  were  ready  with  their  money, 
but  the  other  party  failed  to  fulfil  their  part  of  the  agreement, 
although  the  challenging  party,  and  the  result  was  that,  after 
some  disputing,  the  Clasper  party  claimed  and  obtained  the 
forfeited  £20. 

18A5  (January  3> — A  fatal  and  melancholy  accident  occurred 
at  Arthur's-hill,  Newcastle,  on  the  evening  of  this  day.  Miss 
Dodds,  of  Richmond-street,  was  proceeding  up  William- street,  at 
Arthur's  hill,  accompanied  by  a  daughter  of  Mr.  Belough,  builder. 
At  the  top  of  the  street  there  is  an  extensive  stone  quarry,  entirely 
unprotected,  and  the  night  being  dark,  Miss  Dodds  was  led  to 
suppose  the  ground  was  solid,  from  the  appearance  of  some  lights 
immediately  opposite.  She  unfortunately  stepped  over  the  edge, 
and  was  precipitated  a  depth  of  fifty  feet.  She  was  found  at  the 
bottom  of  the  quarry,  quite  dead. 


A,D.  1845.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  191 

1845  (January  13J. — Mr.  Edward  Wood,  a  person  who  had 
performed  the  character  of  clown  in  the  Christmas  pantomime  at 
Newcastle  Theatre,  sailed  from  the  King's  Meadows  to  Tyne  Bridge 
in  a  washing-tub,  drawn  by  four  geese.  The  exhibition  attracted 
an  immense  concourse  of  spectators. 

January  21. — The  Mayor  of  Newcastle  (A.  L.  Potter,  esq.) 
and  Mrs.  Mayoress  gave  a  grand  ball  at  the  Assembly  Rooms, 
which,  for  splendour  and  numbers,  had  not  been  equalled  in  this 
town  since  the  meeting  of  the  British  Association.  Up  to  near 
midnight  parties  continued  to  arrive,  and  before  supper  was 
announced  917  ladies  and  gentlemen  were  present  amongst  whom 
were  the  leading  families  of  the  town  and  neighbourhood.  On  the 
supper-room  being  opened,  every  requisite  was  presented  to  the 
guests  in  the  greatest  profusion.  Indeed,  the  whole  of  the  enter- 
tainment was  got  up  on  the  most  sumptuous  scale. 

February  25, — A  company,  which  proposed  to  supply  Newcastle 
and  Gateshead  with  water  from  Whittle  Dean  Burn,  purchased 
the  works  of  the  previously  existing  Water  Company  for 
£55,000,  being  equal  to  a  premium  of  £10  on  each  £25  share. 
The  Whittle  Dean  scheme,  which  was  projected  by  Mr,  Grainger, 
received  the  royal  assent  June  30th,  1845,  and  the  company  took 
possession  of  the  old  reservoirs  on  the  following  August. 

March  21. — The  death  of  Mr.  Alderman  Batson  took  place 
this  day,  under  very  afflicting  circumstances.  Mr.  Batson  had 
driven  his  wife  to  Bellingham  Church  in  his  phaeton,  and  was 
returning  to  his  residence,  at  Reedsmouth,  when  the  horse  became 
restive  and  overturned  the  vehicle  down  a  precipitous  hill,  on  the 
south  side  of  the  river  Reed.  Mr.  Batson's  head  came  in  contact 
with  a  tree,  and  he  was  killed  on  the  spot.  Mrs.  Batson,  though 
bruised,  sustained  no  serious  injury. 

March  29. — Died,  in  Newcastle,  aged  83,  the  Rev.  Edward 
Moises,  M.A.  The  deceased  was  educated  at  the  Grammar  School 
in  Newcastle,  to  the  mastership  of  which  he  was  appointed  in  1787, 
on  the  resignation  of  his  celebrated  uncle,  the  Rev.  Hugh  Moises. 
He  also  held  the  office  of  morning  lecturer  of  All  Saints',  and  after- 
noon lecturer  of  St.  Andrew's.  In  1806  he  succeeded  his  uncle  in 
the  mastership  of  the  Virgin  Mary  Hospital,  and  in  1811  Lord 
Eldon  presented  him  to  the  Vicarage  of  Hart.  In  the  Oriental 
language  few  scholars  have  ever  surpassed  Mr.  Moises.  His 
"Persian  Interpreter,"  published  in  1792,  and  the  "Arabic  Bible," 
printed  at  the  Newcastle  Chronicle  office  in  1811,  are  striking 
proofs  of  his  diligence  and  learning. 

April  3. — Another  of  those  calamities  which  from  time  to 
time  occur  in  the  colliery  districts  happened  this  evening,  about 
six  o'clock,  in  the  West  Moor  Pit,  near  Newcastle,  the  property  of 
Lord  Ravensworth  and  Partners,  which  resulted  in  the  sacrifice  of 
ten  human  beings.  At  the  time  of  the  explosion  there  were  twelve 
men  and  boys  in  the  mine,  two  of  whom  survived,  although  severely 
burnt. 


192  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  |>.D.  1845. 

1845  (May  12).— Died,  in  Newcastle,  aged  63,  John  Brown,  esq., 
for  upwards  of  thirty-five  years  clerk  to  the  magistrates  of  that 
borough.  Same  day,  in  Gateshead,  aged  51,  Thomas  Swinburne, 
esq.,  clerk  to  the  magistrates  ;  and  on  May  15th,  at  Jersey,  aged 
65,  John  P.  Kidson,  esq.,  clerk  to  the  magistrates  of  Sunderland. 

May  26. — Married,  in  London,  Lord  Lovaine,  eldest  son  of 
the  Earl  of  Beverley  (now  Duke  of  Northumberland),  to  Louisa, 
eldest  daughter  of  Henry  Drummond,  esq.,  of  Albury  Park, 
Surrey. 

june  9. — This  afternoon  a  violent  explosion  of  gunpowder 
took  place  in  the  shop  of  Mr.  Steele,  grocer,  Claypath,  Durham, 
the  consequences  of  which,  though  of  a  serious  nature,  are  yet  of 
a  less  dreadful  character  than  might  have  been  apprehended.  It 
appeared  that  Mr.  Steele  had  been  in  the  habit  of  keeping  a 
quantity  of  gunpowder  on  hand,  which  he  sold  to  colliers  and 
others.  A  shop  boy  having  placed  a  candle  near  to  a  package 
containing  about  30  Ibs.  of  that  commodity,  it  became  ignited,  and 
exploded  with  a  terrible  crash,  the  effects  of  which  were  felt  in 
every  part  of  the  city,  and  the  windows  of  the  shops  and  houses 
in  the  immediate  neighbourhood  were  almost  entirely  destroyed. 
The  front  of  the  house  in  which  the  calamity  occurred,  and  all  the 
floors  and  furniture,  were  blown  into  the  street.  A  young  woman, 
named  Ann  Robson,  who  fell  with  the  second  storey,  was  seriously 
injured,  and  the  apprentice  who  had  caused  the  disaster  was  killed. 
Mrs.  and  Miss  Steele  were  also  buried  in  the  ruins,  but  were 
extricated  very  little  injured. 

June  10. — This  evening  an  affair  occurred  in  Church-street, 
Durham,  which  created  a  great  sensation  in  that  city.  It  appeared 
that  Mr.  Louis  Henry  Goule,  one  of  the  superintendents  of  rural 
police,  detected  his  wife  in  company  with  a  gentleman,  under 
circumstances  which  caused  him  to  fire  two  pistols  at  her,  breaking 
her  arm  in  two  places.  He  then  attacked  the  intruder,  Mr.  Walter 
Scruton,  deputy  clerk  of  the  peace,  with  the  butt  end  of  the  pistol, 
inflicting  considerable  injury  on  the  head.  In  a  few  moments, 
however,  the  man  was  taken  into  custody  and  removed  to  the  gaol, 
where  he  made  an  ineffectual  attempt  to  cut  his  throat  with  a 
penknife.  On  the  16th,  Mrs.  Goule  died  from  the  effects  of  the 
injuries  she  had  received,  and  her  husband  was  tried  for  the 
murder,  before  Mr.  Baron  Rolfe,  at  the  following  assizes,  and 
acquitted  on  the  ground  of  insanity. 

June  12. — The  Rev.  John  Hodgson,  the  celebrated  historian  of 
Northumberland,  died  at  Hartburn,  aged  66.  The  deceased  was 
appointed  incumbent  of  Jarrow  in  1808,  and  it  was  on  that  classic 
ground  that  he  first  conceived  the  idea  of  his  well  known  history. 
The  work  was  received  with  great  favour  by  all  persons  of  taste  and 
literary  acquirement,  and  Bishop  Barrington  marked  his  approba- 
tion by  voluntarily  conferring  upon  its  author  the  vicarage  of 
Kirkwhelpington,  following  up  that  with  a  present  of  £200. 
Successive  portions  of  the  History  appeared  in  1827,  1828,  1832, 
1835,  and  1840,  but  just  towards  the  completion  of  his  labours  he 


A.D.  1845.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  193 

was  seized  with  a  serious  illness,  which  incapacitated  him  from 
future  mental  exertion,  and  his  noble  work  consequently  remains 
in  a  fragmentary  state.  In  1833  he  was  appointed  to  the  vicarage 
of  Hartburn  by  Bishop  Van  Mildert,  and  he  then  resigned  his 
other  preferments,  to  the  great  regret  of  his  parishioners. 

1845  (June  23> — The  Newcastle  Races  commenced  this  day. 
The  Northumberland  Plate  was  won  by  Mr.  Meiklam's  br  m. 
Inheritress  (Lye)  beating  Merry  Andrew  and  Lightning,  with 
fourteen  others.  The  Gold  Cup  was  won  by  Mr.  Bell's  ch  h 
Winesour  (Bumby),  beating  Mr.  Ramsay's  br  h  Midlothian  and 
Colonel  Craddock's  br  h  Pagan.  The  Gold  Cup,  manufactured 
by  Messrs.  Reid  and  Sons,  from  a  drawing  by  the  late  Mr. 
Benjamin  Green,  architect,  consisted  of  a  silver  group  repre- 
senting a  scene  from  Mazeppa,  Mazeppa,  bound  to  a  horse,  which 
lies  exhausted  on  the  ground,  is  surrounded  by  wild  horses  and 
vultures  and  rescued  by  a  female. 

July  8. — A  suit  in  chancery,  which  had  been  pending  since 
August,  1836,  between  the  Corporation  of  Newcastle  and  the 
Master  and  Brethren  of  the  Jesus  Hospital,  in  that  town, 
terminated  this  day.  The  hospital  was  founded  by  the  corpora- 
tion, in  1G81,  for  the  support  of  forty  freemen  and  freemen's 
widows,  and  it  was  then  endowed  with  two  small  estates,  at 
Whittle  and  Etherby,  purchased  at  the  time  for  £3,610,  and 
producing  about  £100  per  annum.  In  1720,  however,  the 
corporation  sold  the  estates,  and,  with  the  proceeds  (£3,815)  and 
various  other  moneys,  they  purchased  the  Walker  estate  for 
£12,224.  From  time  to  time  the  payments  of  the  corporation  to 
the  hospital  were  increased  to  about  £640  yearly,  but  the  inmates 
of  the  hospital  contended  that  the  endowment  should  bear  the 
same  proportion  to  the  rental  of  Walker  estate  as  the  £3,815  had 
borne  to  the  original  purchase  money.  This  would  have  increased 
the  funds  of  the  hospital  to  nearly  £1,500.  In  1842,  Lord 
Langdale,  Master  of  the  Rolls,  made  a  decree  in  favour  of  the 
hospital,  but  the  corporation  appealed  and  counsel  were  addressing 
the  House  of  Lords,  this  day,  when  the  Lord  Chancellor  (Lynd- 
hurst)  interposed,  praised  the  "great  generosity"  of  the  corporation, 
and  recommended,  as  a  compromise,  a  future  payment  of  £800  a 
year.  To  this  the  corporation  agreed  on  condition  that  ten 
additional  brethren  should  be  appointed,  and  an  Act  to  carry  out 
this  agreement  received  the  royal  assent,  August  26,  1816. 

July  17. — Died,  at  Ho  wick  Hall,  Northumberland,  in  his 
82nd  year,  Charles,  Earl  Grey,  Viscount  Howick,  Baron  Grey, 
K.G.,  &c.  The  first  of  the  family  of  Greys  mentioned  in  ancient 
records  as  belonging  to  the  manor  of  Howick  is  Sir  Ralph  Grey, 
of  Chillingham.  The  more  direct  ancestor  of  the  late  lamented 
nobleman  was  Baron  Grey,  of  Werke,  who  was  ennobled  in  the 
reign  of  James  the  First.  The  title  then  became  dormant  for  some 
generations.  His  lordship,  who  was  born  at  Falloden  on  the  13th 
of  March,  1764,  was  elected  one  of  the  representatives  of  North- 
umberland on  the  13th  of  March,  1786.  His  maiden  speech  was 

B  1 


194  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [>,n. 

delivered  on  February  21st,  1787,  on  the  subject  of  Mr.  Pitt's 
commercial  treaty  with  France,  and  gave  presage  of  the  extraordi- 
nary talent  for  debate  by  which  his  long  parliamentary  career  was 
subsequently  distinguished.  Although  a  mere  stripling,  the 
extensive  and  correct  knowledge  of  oar  foreign  mercantile  relation* 
which  it  displayed,  the  forcible  arguments  by  which  he  sustained 
his  attack  upon  the  ministerial  policy,  and  the  ease,  elegance  of 
style  and  delivery  by  which  this  speech  was  distinguished,  showed 
that  a  luminary  had  appeared  in  the  political  horizon,  whose  course 
was  likely  to  shed  lustre  on  the  legislature  and  the  country.  The 
estimation  in  which  he  was  held  at  that  early  period  of  his  career 
is  best  proved  by  his  having  been  chosen  one  of  the  twenty-four 
managers  of  the  celebrated  impeachment  of  Warren  Hastings,  and 
his  speeches  on  that  subject  and  on  the  Regency  Bill  in  the 
following  year  were  long  remembered  as  powerful  efforts  of 
eloquence  and  reasoning.  "  He  professed  himself,'*  he  said,  "  as 
ready  to  support  the  real  splendour  of  the  royal  family,  as  any 
slippery  sycophant  of  the  court,  but  he  thought  there  was  more 
true  dignity  in  manifesting  a  heart  alive  to  the  distresses  of  millions, 
than  in  all  those  trappings  which  encumber  without  adorning 
royalty."  On  the  accession  to  power  of  Mr.  Fox  on  the  death  of 
Mr.  Pitt  in  1806,  Mr.  Grey  (who  had  then  become  Lord  Howick) 
was  appointed  First  Lord  of  the  Admiralty,  and  on  the  death  of 
Mr.  Fox,  in  the  following  year,  his  lordship  became  his  successor 
as  Secretary  of  State  for  Foreign  Affairs,  and  leader  in  the  House 
of  Commons.  The  death  of  his  father,  which  took  place  shortly 
after,  removed  him  to  the  Upper  House  of  Parliament.  His 
lordship  now  took  the  title  of  Earl  Greyy  by  which  appellation  he 
was  known  to  the  present  generation.  The  abortive  attempt  of 
George  IV.,  whilst  Prince  Regent,  in  .1812,  to  induce  him  and 
Lord  Granville  to  join  the  Perceval  Administration,  illustrated  the 
integrity  of  his  principles  and  the  consistency  of  his  conduct,  and 
throughout  his  long  public  life,  he  continued  the  able  and  uncom- 
promising advocate  of  civil  and  religious  liberty.  The  important 
question  of  Parliamentary  Reform  had  occupied  his  lordship's- 
attention  from  almost  his  entrance  into  Parliament,  and  he  re- 
peatedly brought  it  forward  in  the  House  of  Commons.  In  1830, 
on  the  dissolution  of  the  Wellington  Government,  Earl  Grey  was 
empowered  by  William  the  IV.  to  form  a  ministry,  having  "Peace, 
Retrenchment,  and  Reform"  as  the  basis  of  its  policy.  Accord- 
ingly, on  the  1st  March,  1831,  the  Reform  Bill  was  introduced 
into  the  House  of  Commons,  and  after  an  arduous  and  protracted 
struggle,  almost  amounting  to  a  convulsion,  it  was  eventually 
carried  through  Parliament  and  received  the  royal  assent  on  the 
seventh  of  June,  1832.  When  Earl  Grey  ceased  to  hold  office,  in 
July,  1834.  spontaneous  tokens  of  gratitude  sprung  up  in  every 
quarter.  On  the  19th  of  August,  1834,  Earl  Grey  attended  a 
monster  meeting  in  the  Guildhall,  Newcastle,  when  addresses  were 
presented  to  him  from  Tyneniouth  (by  Henry  Metcalfe,  esq.),  from 
{South  Shields  (by  Bryan  Abbs,  esq.),  from  Newcastle  (by  the  Rev. 


A..D.  134 5.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS  195 

J.  S.  Ogle),  and  from  the  stewards  of  the  Incorporated  Companies 
{by  William  Garrelt,  esq.)  All  the  addresses  concurred  in  con- 
gratulating his  lordship  on  his  return  to  his  native  county,  and  in 
expressing  the  high  sense  they  entertained  of  his  great  public 
services.  The  noble  earl  also  received  similar  expressions  of  good 
feeling  from  his  friends  in  Hexham,  Sunderland,  Alnvvick,  Felton, 
Morpeth,  Olendale  Ward,  and  Berwick.  In  his  speech  at  Berwick 
his  lordship  said—"  It  is  an  easy  matter  to  say  go  onward, 
persevere,  push  forward  reforms ;  do  not  temporize,  but  apply  at 
once  a  severe  remedy  wherever  an  evil  exists — -never  mind  whether 
the  constitution  of  the  patient  is  able  to  bear  such  a  severe  remedy 
or  not.  Such  language  may  be  popular,  but  such  will  never  be 
the  language  of  a  good  and  a  wise  statesman."  Few  public  men 
Lave  enjoyed  a  larger  amount  of  popular  respect.  His  strongest 
political  opponents  never  imputed  to  him  an  over-eagerness  for 
office,  nor  dared  to  question  the  integrity  of  the  motives  by  which 
he  was  actuated.  He  was  the  last  of  the  historical  statesmen,  his 
name  being  associated  with  Burke,  Pitt,  Fox,  Sheridan,  &c.  A 
description  of  the  personal  appearance  of  Earl  Grey  in  the  vigour 
of  his  days  will  not  be  uninteresting  to  those  who  only  knew  him 
when  advancing  years  began  to  affect  his  frame.  His  port  and 
bearing  were  strikingly  dignified,  high  birth  was  legible  in  every 
lineament  of  his  features,  and  his  whole  exterior  was  decidedly 
patrician.  His  figure  was  stately  and  commanding,  his  action, 
graceful  and  animated,  his  forehead  lofty  and  well  developed,  and 
his  voice  strong,  flexible,  and  sonorous.  As  an  orator,  he  was 
ready  and  correct,  his  style  classically  pure  and  void  of  affectation, 
his  delivery  such  as  to  fix,  and  even  fascinate,  the  attention,  while 
his  arguments  were  couched  in  diction  which  evinced  the  well- 
educated  and  well-disciplined  mind.  The  remains  of  the  noble 
carl  were  interred  in  a  strictly  private  manner,  in  the  family  vault, 
at  Ho  wick  Church.  The  body,  which  was  borne  by  six  members 
of  his  household,  was  followed,  on  foot,  by  his  afflicted  family  and 
relatives,  consisting  of  Lady  Caroline  Barrington,  Lady  Georgiana 
Grey,  Lady  Mary  Wood,  Miss  Barrington,  Earl  Grey  and  five  of 
his  brothers,  the  Earl  of  Durham,  Sir  George  Grey,  bart.,  Mr. 
Elice,  Mr.  C.  Wood,  and  Mr.  Barrington,  and  a  number  of  his 
admirers  from  the  surrounding  district  also  joined  the  procession 
on  its  way  to  church.  The  coffin  bore  the  simple  inscription — 
"CHARLES,  EARL  GREY.  K.G.  Born  March  13,  1764;  Died 
July  17,  1845."  His  lordship  married,  November  18th,  1794, 
Mary  Elizabeth,  only  daughter  of  Lord  Ponsonby,  by  whom  he 
had  a  family  of  ten  sons  and  five  daughters,  twelve  of  whom,  as 
well  as  her  ladyship,  survived  him. 

1845  (July  31J. — At  the  Northumberland  Assizes,  before  Mr. 
Justice  Cress  well,  Mr.  Addison  Potter,  son  of  the  Mayor  of 
Newcastle,  was  charged  with  an  assault  on  Mr.  John  Hernaman, 
proprietor  of  the  "  Newcastle  Journal."  The  assault  was  com- 
mitted with  a  riding  whip,  on  the  20th  November,  1844,  in  the 
streets  of  Newcastle,  and  occurred  in  consequence  of  an  article 


19(J  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1845. 

which  appeared  in  the  "Newcastle  Journal"  of  the  16th  November. 
Mr.  Potter  was  found  guilty  and  sentenced*  to  two  months 
imprisonment  in  Morpeth  Gaol. 

1845  (August  I).— An  alarming  fire  broke  out  this  evening  in  the 
Pudding-chare,  in  the  premises  occupied  by  Mr.  Perry,  treacle 
manufacturer.  The  upper  floors  of  the  building,  which  was  of 
great  height,  were  filled  with  corn  and  basket  rods,  and  the  whole 
was  speedily  in  flames  and  completely  destroyed.  The  premises 
were  the  property  of  Mr.  Humble,  basket  maker,  whose  loss  was 
very  great. 

August  9. — Two  dreadful  murders  were  perpetrated  this 
evening,  at  Barnard  Castle,  under  very  remarkable  circumstances. 
Joseph  Yates,  a  tailor,  had  been  drinking  with  three  young  men, 
named  George  Barker,  Thomas  Routledge,  and  John  Brecken, 
who,  having  discovered  that  Yates  had  a  little  money  in  his 
possession,  determined  to  force  it  from  him.  About  midnight, 
when  he  was  in  company  with  a  female,  named  Catherine  Raine, 
the  three  men,  with  a  girl,  named  Ann  Humphreys,  followed  him 
to  a  place  on  the  banks  of  the  Tees,  and,  after  a  short  scuffle,  they 
took  the  money  from  him,  and  then  threw  him  into  the  river, 
where  he  was  drowned.  On  returning  over  the  bridge  into  the 
town,  the  men  threatened  vengeance  on  the  girls  unless  they  would 
swear  to  secrecy,  but,  as  Raine  refused  to  accede  to  their  request, 
she  was  seized,  thrown  over  the  parapet  wall,  and  the  river  being 
much  swollen,  she  was  carried  away  and  was  drowned.  Humphreys, 
having  sworn  to  keep  the  matter  a  secret,  was  permitted  to  go 
home.  The  bodies  were  found  a  few  days  after,  and  strong 
suspicion  rested  on  the  above  parties  ;  but  Humphreys  kept  her 
oath  for  nearly  a  year,  and  when  she  at  last  disclosed  the  horrible 
affair  her  unsupported  testimony  could  not  be  relied  on,  and  the 
men  were  accordingly  acquitted  of  the  murder  at  the  York  Assizes, 
in  August,  1846.  Further  evidence  was,  however,  obtained  to 
corroborate  the  girl's  testimony,  and  the  three  ruffians  were 
arraigned  for  the  robbery  only,  on  the  16th  of  March,  1847,  and 
were  clearly  convicted  of  the  crime.  The  Judge  sentenced  them 
to  fifteen  years'  transportation,  expressing  his  heartfelt  regret  that 
the  law  had  failed  to  reach  them  on  the  capital  charge.  The  two 
trials  cost  the  county  of  York  £1,500. 

August  13. — A  vacancy  having  occurred  in  the  representation 
of  Sunderland,  by  the  elevation  of  Lord  Howick  to  the  House 
of  Lords,  the  nomination  of  candidates  took  place,  before  the 
Mayor  (J.  Allison,  esq.)  Mr.  Joshua  Wilson  proposed,  and  Mr. 
Joseph  Hill  seconded,  Colonel  Perronet  Thompson.  Mr.  J.  J. 
Wright  proposed,  and  Mr.  Richard  Spoor  seconded,  George 
Hudson,  esq.  The  show  of  hands  was  in  favour  of  Colonel 
Thompson,  but  the  result  of  the  poll  on  the  following  day  was  as 
follows  :— Hudson,  626  ;  Thompson,  498.  Shortly  after  the  close 
of  the  poll,  Mr.  Bright,  Mr.  Moore,  and  Colonel  Thompson 
addressed  an  immense  concourse  of  people  from  the  balcony  of 
tho  Bridge  Hotel.  They  attributed  the  result  of  the  election  to 


A.D.  1845.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  197 

a  want  of  union,  and  to  several  of  tbe  leaders,  who  formerly 
marshalled  the  electors,  having  taken  a  neutral,  if  not  an  opposite, 
position.  The  greatest  order  prevailed  throughout  the  day. 

1845  (August  13). — Died,in  the  Bigg-market,  Newcastle, aged  63, 
Mr.  Emerson  Charnley,  bookseller,  and  a  member  of  the  Town 
Council.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Old  Common  Council,  and 
was  returned  to  the  new  body  on  the  change  which  succeeded  the 
passing  of  the  Municipal  Reform  Act.  Connected  with  an  old 
established  firm,  taking  an  interest  in  the  principal  institutions  of 
the  town,  and  being  of  a  peculiarly  accessible  friendly  and  homely 
disposition,  no  man  was  better  known  in  Newcastle  and  the 
neighbourhood  than  Emerson  Charnley. 

August  15. — An  alarming  railway  collision  occurred  on  the 
line  between  Sunderland  and  Brockley  Whins,  about  half-past 
three,  p.m.  The  mail-train,  after  leaving  Sunderland,  came  in 
contact  with  the  train  from  Newcastle,  both  proceeding  at  a  quick 
pace  at  the  time.  The  collision  was  fearful.  The  mail-train 
passengers  included  Mr.  Charles  Tee,  a  railway  proprietor,  of 
Barusley :  Mr.  Brunton,  town  clerk,  of  Sunderland  ;  Mr.  Richard- 
son and  Mr.  Gutch,  solicitors,  of  York,  who  had  been  assisting  in 
the  election  of  Mr.  Hudson  ;  Mr.  Falvey,  of  the  Anti-Corn  Law 
League  ;  several  other  gentlemen,  and  about  half-a-dozen  ladies. 
Not  a  single  person  travelling  by  the  train  escaped  injury.  Mr. 
Richardson  and  Mr.  Gutch  were  both  sadly  bruised,  especially  the 
latter  gentleman  whose  face  was  painfully  disfigured ;  Mr.  Falvey 
sustained  a  contusion  on  the  leg ;  the  stoker  had  his  arm  broken  ; 
while  the  engine-driver,  seeing  his  danger,  saved  himself  by  leaping 
off  the  engine  ;  a  boy,  named  Hogarth,  was  frightfully  bruised 
and  cut ;  all  the  women  were  severely  stunned,  and  the  iron  of  the 
engine  and  tender  was  shattered  to  pieces.  The  occurrence  took 
place  at  the  junction  of  two  lines,  where  there  is  only  a  single 
row  of  rails,  and  where  the  signal  flags  for  the  Newcastle  train 
to  stop  were  actually  hoisted  at  the  time.  When  the  engine- 
driver  was  asked  why  he  did  not  stop  he  was  unable  to  give  a 
satisfactory  answer. 

August  20. — In  consequence  of  the  rain  which  fell  on  this 
and  the  two  days  preceding,  the  river  Aln  rose  to  a  greater 
height  than  at  any  former  period  within  memory,  and  vast 
quantities  of  hay  and  corn  on  the  banks  of  the  stream  were 
carried  away.  Several  sheep  and  goats  were  also  lost,  and,  at 
Bolton,  a  farm  steward  and  his  son,  named  Cook,  were  drowned 
whilst  endeavouring  to  save  some  sheep.  The  Till  was  also  very 
much  swollen,  and  serious  damage  was  done  in  many  places. 

August  21. — A  fearful  explosion  occurred  this  afternoon,  at 
Jarrovv  Colliery,  the  property  of  D.  Brown,  esq.  Mr.  Jobling, 
the  viewer,  in  company  with  Mr.  Brown,  were  walking  towards 
the  pit  at  the  time  when  they  observed  an  unusual  amount  of 
smoke,  and  on  reaching  the  heap  the  accident  immediately  became 
apparent.  About  seventy-five  men  and  boys  were  at  work  at  the 
time,  thirty-six  of  whom  were  employed  in  the  Low  Main  Seam, 


198  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1845. 

where  the  explosion  took  place,  and  of  these  only  one  man  was 
saved.  The  other  men  were  working  in  the  Bensham  Seam,  1 60 
feet  above  the  others,  and,  owing  to  the  air-courses  being  partially 
destroyed  they  suffered  severely  from  after-damp,  and  three  men, 
named  James  Stewart,  Benjamin  Robinson,  Robert  Fairgreave, 
and  a  boy,  named  Baird,  died.  A  brave  man,  named  Defty,  an 
overman,  also  lost  his  life  in  endeavouring  to  rescue  others.  A 
subscription  was  commenced  for  the  benefit  of  the  sufferers  and 
nearly  £1,800  was  collected. 

1845  (August  30). — Died,  in  Blenheim- street,  Newcastle,  in  his 
80th  year,  William  Anthony  Hails.  The  deceased  belonged  to  that 
class  of  self-educated  men  whose  ardent  pursuit  of  knowledge 
raises  them  above  the  obscurity  and  difficulties  of  early  life.  He 
was  to  trade  a  ship-carpenter,  but  afterwards  became  an  eminent 
teacher  which  profession  he  followed  in  Newcastle  for  upwards  of 
30  years.  He  was  a  most  laborious  and  indefatigable  student, 
and  his  mind  was  well  stored  with  a  fund  of  knowledge  on  almost 
every  branch  of  science,  but  his  chief  study  and  for  which  he 
became  most  eminent  was  a  knowledge  of  languages.  He  culti- 
vated, more  particularly,  an  acquaintance  with  the  Eastern 
tongues,  and  there  were  few,  if  any,  his  superior  in  a  critical 
knowledge  of  Hebrew,  and  was  a  frequent  correspondent  of  the 
"  Critical  Journal"  in  which  he  successfully  encountered  some  of 
the  first  Hebrew  scholars  of  those  days.  He  was  the  originator, 
and  for  many  years  the  most  active  supporter,  of  the  Benevolent 
Society,  the  precursor  of  the  present  Sick  and  Indigent  Society, 
and  was  also  one  of  the  most  early  supporters  of  the  Bible  Society. 
He  was  the  author  of  some  valuable  essays  on  the  Unitarian 
Controversy,  but  his  principal  work  was  his  reply  to  "  Volney's 
Ruin  of  Empires,"  a  work  of  great  research  and  erudition. 

September  4. — Married,  at  Lamesley  Cliurch,  the  Hon.  John 
A.  Douglass,  Envoy  Extraordinary  at  St.  Petersburgh,  and 
eldest  son  of  Lord  Bloornfield,  to  the  Hon.  Georgiana  Liddell, 
youngest  daughter  of  Lord  Ravensvvorth.  Great  rejoicing  took 
place  at  Ravensworth,  where  the  grand  entrance  hall  was  thrown 
open  for  the  first  time, 

September  4. — The  discussion  between  the  Rev.  W.  Cooke 
and  Mr.  Joseph  Barker,  on  the  question,  "  What  is  a  Christian 
and  his  principles  ?"  was  brought  to  a  close  this  evening,  after 
extending  over  a  period  of  three  weeks.  The  room  was  crowded 
every  evening,  and,  considering  the  excitement  that  popular 
discussions  invariably  create,  order  was  pretty  well  maintained 
throughout.  On  each  occasion  Mr.  Cooke  was  allowed  an  hour 
and  a  half  to  state  his  sentiments,  and  Mr.  Barker  was  allowed 
an  equal  time  for  reply.  Mr.  Cooke  defended  the  fundamental 
principles  of  Christianity,  basing  his  arguments  on  the  Scriptures, 
and  calling  to  his  aid  such  other  evidence  as  was  necessary  to 
maintain  the  truth  and  support  the  dignity  of  the  Gospel.  Mr. 
Barker,  on  the  other  hand,  denied  the  authenticity  of  the  chapters 
in  the  New  Testament  containing  the  account  of  the  miraculous 


A.D.  1845.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  199 

conception,  and,  as  a  necessary  consequence,  rejected  from  his 
creed  the  whole  doctrine  of  the  Trinity.  In  closing  the  discussion 
Mr.  Cooke  answered  some  of  the  statements  of  his  opponent,  and 
charged  him  with  having  misquoted  his  sentiments.  He  then 
entered  on  the  subject  of  the  personality  and  Godhead  of  the  Holy 
Spirit,  and  proceeded  to  defend  the  Trinity  as  a  doctrine  of  revealed 
religion.  As  the  discussion  progressed,  and  more  especially  at  the 
conclusion,  the  feelings  and  judgment  of  the  audience  were 
manifestly  in  favour  of  Mr.  Cooke,  and  if  the  question  had  been 
put  as  to  which  system  was  true,  there  would  have  been  at  least 
twenty  to  one  on  the  side  of  the  orthodox  faith. 

1845  (October  3), — Owing  to  heavy  rains  the  river  Tyne  was 
greatly  flooded,  and  much  injury  was  done  to  the  shipping  lying  at 
Newcastle  and  Shields.  Large  quantities  of  hay  and  corn  were 
swept  from  adjacent  lands,  and  timber,  keels,  and  other  craft  were 
drifted  down  the  stream,  the  rapidity  of  the  current  preventing 
any  effort  to  stop  their  progress.  The  King's  Meadows  and 
several  miles  of  the  Carlisle  Railway  were  quite  under  water.  An 
immense  quantity  of  agricultural  produce  was  likewise  destroyed 
on  the  Tweed  and  Wear. 

October  15. — Several  of  the  scholars  of  Dr.  Cowan's  Academy, 
Bishopwearmouth,  were  bathing  in  the  sea,  at  Ilendon,  in 
company  with  five  of  their  teachers,  when  a  strong  current  swept 
several  of  the  party  into  deep  water,  and  one  of  the  teachers,  named 
Special,  two  youths,  sons  of  Sir  David  Baird,  bart.,  Newbyth, 
East  Lothian,  and  Robert  M.  Leny,  son  of  J.  McAlpine  Leny,  esq  , 
of  Dalwinton,  Dumfriesshire,  were  unfortunately  drowned. 

October  22. — Mr.  John  Fram,  aged  49,  was  found  dead  this 
morning,  about  seven  o'clock,  in  a  water  tub,  on  his  own  premises, 
at  Ridley-villas,  Newcastle.  It  appeared  that  the  deceased  had 
been  recommended  by  his  medical  adviser,  Mr.  Tullock,  to  bathe 
his  head  frequently  in  water,  and  whether  in  attempting  to  do  so 
he  had  fallen  in,  or  whether  he  had  intentionally  thrown  himself 
into  the  tub,  could  not  be  ascertained. 

October  28. — A  dinner  was  given  at  the  George  Inn,  New- 
castle, to  Henry  Ingledew,  esq.,  deputy-recorder,  by  the  members 
of  the  legal  profession  resident  in  that  town,  to  mark  their  sense 
of  the  able  manner  in  which  he  discharged  the  duties  of  his  office. 
The  chair  was  taken  by  John  Fenwick,  esq  ,  the  vice-chair  by 
William  Kell,  esq.,  and  thirty-three  members  sat  down  to  a 
sumptuous  repast. 

October.—  About  the  end  of  this  month  a  skeleton  was  found, 
in  perfect  preservation,  in  a  yard  attached  to  Sir  Matthew  White 
Ridley's  glass-works,  at  the  Ouseburn,  Newcastle.  It  was 
supposed  to  be  the  remains  of  a  member  of  one  of  the  three 
families  who  originally  introduced  the  manufacture  cf  glass  into 
this  district,  and  who  were  known  to  have  had  a  private  burial 
ground. 

October  28. — A  purse  of  forty  guineas  was  presented  to  the 
Rev.  George  Heriot,  as  a  testimony  of  their  affectionate  regard, 


200  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OP  [A.D.  1845. 

and  as  an  acknowledgment  of  his  services  since  his  appointment 
as  their  minister,  by  the  congregation  of  St.  Anns  Chapel, 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

1845  (November  1).— The  workmen  in  the  employ  of  Mr.  W. 
Wailes,  glass-stainer,  Newcastle,  entertained  Mr.  Francis  W. 
Oliphant  to  dinner  at  Mr.  Lowes,  Thornton  Arms,  Thornton-street, 
Newcastle,  on  which  occasion  Mr.  W.  Wailes,  Mr.  -G.  Wailes,  and 
Mr.  Oliphant,  were  the  invited  guests.  The  chair  was  filled  by  Mr. 
Campbell,  supported  by  Mr.  J.  Rodgers.  After  the  usual  toasts 
of  the  evening,  Mr.  Oliphant  was  presented  with  an  elegant  chased 
silver  box,  manufactured  by  Messrs.  Reid  and  Sons,  of  Newcastle, 
and  drawing  instruments,  as  a  slight  mark  of  their  admiration  and 
regret  at  his  leaving  Newcastle  for  London. 

^November  10. — The  ninth  of  November  having  fallen  on  a 
Sunday,  the  election  of  chief  magistrates  for  the  boroughs  in  the 
counties  of  Northumberland  and  Durham  took  place  this  day,  with 
the  following  result : — Newcastle— Thomas  E.  Headlam,  M.D.  ; 
Matthew  liobert  Bigge,  sheriff.  Gateshead — Thomas  Cummins. 
Durham — John  Bramwell.  Sunderland — Robert  Brown.  Marpeth— 
Nicholas  Wright.  Stockton — John  Crossby.  Berwick — Thomas 
Hogarth  ;  William  Smith,  sheriff. 

November    22. — Died,   at    Ravensworth    Castle,    in   her    73rd 

?ear,  Maria  Susannah,  wife  of  the  Right  Hon.  Lord  Ravensworth. 
'he  whole  of  her  ladyship's  family,  with  the  exception  of  the 
Marchioness  of  Normanby,  the  Hon.  Mrs.  Villiers,  and  the  Hon. 
Mrs.  Bloomfield,  who  were  residing  abroad,  were  present  on  the 
melancholy  occasion.  The  account  of  her  ladyship's  death  was 
received  with  sorrow  throughout  the  entire  neighbourhood,  as  she 
was  well  known  for  her  amiable  disposition  and  Christian 
benevolence.  The  deceased  was  the  third  daughter  and  co-heiress 
of  John  Simpson,  esq.,  of  Bradley  Hall,  Durham,  by  Lady  Ann, 
daughter  of  Thomas,  eighth  Earl  of  Strathmore,  and  by  the  death 
of  her  last  surviving  sister,  in  February,  1844,  she  eventually 
became  sole  heiress  of  the  extensive  possessions  of  the  ancient 
families  of  Simpson  and  Anderson,  of  Bradley.  The  deceased,  in 
March,  1796,  married  Thomas  H.  Liddell,  esq.,  afterwards  a 
baronet,  and  eventually  Lord  Ravensworth,  and  she  left  a  family 
of  seven  sons  and  as  many  daughters,  most  of  whom  she  had  the 
happiness  to  see  connected  by  marriage  with  some  of  the  noblest 
families  in  the  kingdom.  Possessed  of  great  means  of  doing  good, 
Lady  Ravensworth  was  never  known  to  fail  in  making  use  of 
them,  and  the  almshouses  built  and  endowed  by  her  for  the 
deserving  poor  of  the  Ravensworth  and  Eslington  properties,  will 
long  remain  a  proof  of  her  munincence'and  charity. 

November  25. — The  skiff  race,  for  £100  a-side,  between 
Clasper,  of  Newcastle,  and  Pocock,  of  London,  took  place  on  the 
Tyne,  in  the  presence  of  several  thousands  of  spectators,  Clasper, 
at  the  termination,  being  at  least  a  quarter  of  a  mile  in  advance. 

November  25. — Died,  at  Chimney  Mills,  aged  49,  Mr.  William 
Andrew  Mitchell,  formerly  editor  and  proprietor  of  the  "  Tyne 


A.t).    1845.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  201 

Mercury,"  which  journal  he  conducted,  after  the  death  of  his 
father,  upwards  of  25  years.  The  deceased  was  also  the  editor  of 
the  "  Newcastle  Magazine,"  a  periodical  started  by  himself,  and 
carried  on  with  an  energy  rarely  found  in  the  provinces.  He  was 
also  the  author  of  "  Tim  Tunbelly,"  "  Peter  Putright,"  a  drama 
called  "  Crohore  of  the  Billhook,"  "  Essays  on  Capacity  and 
Genius,"  "  Thoughts  of  One  that  Wandereth,"  and  many  fugitive 
pieces.  Through  life  he  was  an  able  and  consistent  advocate  of 
Liberal  principles,  and  few  men  have  descended  to  the  grave 
more  regretted  by  their  friends. 

1845  (November  26). — A  tremendous  boiler  explosion  took  place 
at  the  Bishopwearmouth  Ironworks,  causing  a  great  injury  to  the 
premises  and  sacrifice  of  life.  About  sixty  workmen  were  in  the 
building  at  the  time,  and,  from  the  prodigious  force  of  the 
explosion,  nearly  the  whole  of  them  were  buried  by  the  falling  in 
of  the  roof  or  scalded  by  the  steam  which  filled  the  place.  Four 
men  were  dead  when  extricated,  two  more  died  soon  after,  and 
upwards  of  thirty  others  received  very  serious  injuries.  The 
property  adjoining  was  also  greatly  damaged,  large  pieces  of  iron 
being  propelled  in  all  directions. 

December  5. — Robert  A.  Davison,  esq.,  solicitor,  of  Sunderland, 
and  clerk  to  the  trustees  of  the  county  of  Durham  turnpikes, 
committed  suicide  by  hanging  himself  in  his  greenhouse.  At  the 
inquest,  a  person  named  Rermison,  who  resided  next  door  to  Mr. 
Davison,  was  examined.  He  stated  that  he  observed  the  deceased 
go  into  his  greenhouse,  when  shortly  afterwards  he  heard  a  scream 
from  the  servant  girl,  on  which  he  ran  to  the  greenhouse,  where 
he  saw  the  body  of  Mr.  Davison  hanging  by  the  neck  to  a  beam, 
with  the  feet  on  the  ground,  and  the  knees  bent  in  a  drooping 
position.  He  was  quite  dead.  No  reason  was  assigned  for  the 
rash  act. 

December  8. — A  splendid  white  woodcock  was  shot  in  Harehope 
Wood  by  O.  A.  B.  Cress  well,  esq.  Perhaps  so  rare  a  bird  has 
seldom  or  ever  been  seen  in  those  parts. 

December  11. — The  secluded  village  of  Netherton,  in  Coquet- 
dale  was  the  scene  of  great  bustle  and  social  harmony  on  this 
day,  it  having  been  the  place  where  Walter  Selby,  esq.,  of 
Biddlestone,  was  to  receive  a  testimonial  of  his  neighbours' 
gratitude.  When  Mr.  Selby  came  into  possession  of  the  Biddle- 
stone estates  he  found  that  his  predecessor  had  accumulated  many 
heavy  debts,  for  which  the  contractor  alone  was  responsible,  and 
for  which  he  (Mr.  Selby)  was  not  legally  liable.  He,  however, 
immediately  put  into  operation  a  system  of  the  most  rigid  economy, 
and,  after  some  years  of  self-denial  and  sequestration,  he  accumu- 
lated sufficient  to  pay  every  one  in  full.  This  highly  honourable 
conduct  was  the  occasion  of  the  presentation.  At  two  o'clock  Mr. 
Selby  arrived  in  his  carriage,  in  company  with  his  sister,  Miss 
Selby,  the  lady  of  the  Vicar  of  Whittingham,  Mrs.  Goodenough, 
and  Mr.  Riddell,  of  Felton  Park.  As  they  drew  up  to  the  Star 
Inn  the  welkin  rang  with  peals  of  cannon  and  the  huzzas  of  the 

c  1 


202 


HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OP  [A.D.  1845. 


assembled  multitude.  After  a  few  minutes'  stay  in  the  inn,  Mr. 
Selby  accompanied  Mr.  Burrell,  of  Broome  Park,  into  an  open 
carriage,  when  a  massive  silver  shield,  value  100  guineas,  with  a 
representation  of  Sir  Walter  de  Selby  of  yore,  in  victorious  combat 
with  David,  King  of  Scotland,  was  placed  near  Mr.  Burrell,  who 
then  addressed  Mr.  Selby  as  follows  :— "  My  dear  Mr.  Selby,  I 
have  been  desired  by  the  committee  of  gentlemen,  who  have 
solicited  the  honour  of  your  attendance  on  this  occasion,  to  present 
you  with  a  memorial  of  their  respect  and  gratitude  for  a  kindness 
of  a  very  distinguished  and  particular  nature.  It  has  given  me 
the  greatest  pleasure  to  accede  to  their  request,  not  only  because 
it  entails  on  me  the  duty  of  recording  their  honourable  feelings, 
but  because  it  gives  me  an  opportunity  of  expressing  my  achairation 
of  the  conduct  which  drew  forth  those  feelings.  For  what  you, 
sir,  are  pleased  to  consider  a  simple  act  of  justice  is,  in  truth,  one 
of  the  most  disinterested  generosity — a  voluntary  sacrifice  for  the 
benefit  of  others,  a  gallant  assumption  of  responsibility  where  no 
real  or  actual  responsibility  existed.  There  are  many  persons  who 
in  your  case  would  have  gladly  taken  advantage  of  the  immunities 
which  the  law  provides  for  them.  But  not  so  with  you.  You 
could  not  enjoy  life  with  the  reflection  that  any  one,  however 
remotely  or  incidentally,  should  suffer  a  loss  which  it  was  in  your 
power  to  redress.  I  must  be  permitted  to  add  that  my  gratifica- 
tion in  discharging  this  pleasing  duty  has  been  greatly  enhanced 
by  the  thought  that  the  whole  act  in  question  has  been  performed 
by  a  neighbour  and  a  friend,  by  the  descendant  of  a  race  of  gentry 
which,  for  more  than  500  years,  have  flourished  on  this  spot  where 
we  are  met  to  commemorate  the  worth  which  attaches  here  to  the 
soil  and  endears  him  to  its  inhabitants.  I  must  take  the  liberty 
of  calling  your  attention  to  the  embossment  of  the  shield,  which 
represents  a  gallant  achievement  of  one  of  your  family  in  ancient 
times  and  to  which  you  were  not  likely  at  any  time  to  have  drawn, 
public  attention."  After  the  ceremony,  160  gentlemen  sat  down 
to  dinner,  William  Burrell,  esq.,  presiding.  The  chairman  was 
supported  upon  the  right  by  Mr.  Selby,  Mr.  Riddell,  of  Felton 
Park,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Hoggett,  and  Mr.  Thomas  Selby  ;  upon  the 
left  by  Mr.  Clavering,  Callaly,  Captain  Collingwood,  Glanton, 
Rev.  Mr.  Goodenough,  Whittingham  ;  Jasper  Gibson,  esq.,  of 
Hexham,  filled  the  vice-chair,  supported  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  Proctor, 
Vicar  of  Alwinton,  Dr.  Henry  Crea,  Wittingham.  and  the  Rev. 
Thomas  Ord,  Callaly. 

1845  (December  9). — A  man,  named  Robert  Joicey,  57  years  of 
age,  died  suddenly  at  Cockle  Park,  near  Morpeth,  and,  in  conse- 
quence of  suspicious  circumstances,  his  son  Ralph,  who  lived  with 
him,  was  soon  after  apprehended  in  Newcastle,  at  the  residence  of 
William  Joicey,  Hutton's-court,  Pilgrim- street,  another  son  of  the 
deceased.  The  prisoner  immediately  admitted  his  guilt,  and,  from 
his  statement,  it  appeared  that  about  two  months  before  the 
occurrence  he  bought  a  quantity  of  arsenic,  in  Morpeth,  of  Mr. 
Creighton,  chemist,  and  having  mixed  a  portion  of  the  poison  in 


A,D.  1846.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS  203 

some  jalap,  he  disguised  himself  and  left  the  packet  at  a  public 
house  where  medicine  for  his  father  was  frequently  left  by  his 
medical  attendant,  Dr.  Hedley,  of  Morpeth.  The  packet  bore  the 
following  inscription : — "  I  make  you  a  present  for  Joicey.  Take 
this  large  powder  in  a  glass  of  ale  or  a  glass  of  wine,  and  the 
smaller  one  in  a  little  honey  or  jelly,  the  one  at  night  the  other 
in  the  morning."  The  contents  of  the  packets  were  given  to  the 
old  man,  who  immediately  after  became  ill  and  died.  The  prisoner 
was  tried  and  convicted  before  Mr.  Justice  Coleridge,  February 
26th,  1846,  and  was  executed  at  Morpeth  on  the  18th  March 
following. 

1846  (January  8). — A  dreadful  accident  took  place  this  after- 
noon close  to  the  Railway  Station,  South  Shields.  Whilst  a 
number  of  workmen  were  employed  in  removing  a  quantity  of 
ballast  from  an  enormous  heap  of 'that  substance,  a  portion  of  the 
hill  came  down  upon  them,  before  they  had  time  to  escape,  and 
two  men,  named  Thomas  Bradford  and  John  Burn,  were  killed. 
Upwards  of  a  dozen  others  narrowly  escaped  the  same  fate. 

January  14. — As  Mr.  Thomas  Clarke,  of  the  firm  of  Clarke, 
Plummer,  and  Co.,  of  the  Ouseburn  Spinning  Mill,  Newcastle, 
was  returning  on  horseback  from  Kibblesworth,  he  called  at  the 
house  of  Mr.  Plummer,  on  Gateshead  Fell,  and  on  returning  to 
the  public  road  he  had  to  pass  a  well  where  some  girls  were 
getting  water,  at  whom  the  horse  took  fright  and  Mr.  Clarke  was 
thrown  from  his  seat  falling  heavily  on  the  ground.  Being 
perceived  by  some  parties  near  he  was  immediately  carried  to  an 
adjoining  house  and  the  aid  of  Sir  John  Fife,  Mr.  Talmadge,  and 
Mr.  Davies  was  speedily  procured  but  it  was  of  no  avail.  The 
unfortunate  gentleman  had  received  such  severe  internal  injuries 
as  to  cause  his  death  in  a  few  hours. 

January. — During  this  month,  two  seamen  belonging  to  the 
ship  Ariadne,  of  Greenock,  having  received  relief  at  the  New- 
castle Infirmary,  on  their  return  to  the  vessel  they  gave  such  a 
good  account  of  the  benefits  and  comforts  of  the  valuable  institution, 
that  Captain  MacKellar,  his  officers,  and  crew  immediately  raised 
the  sum  of  seven  pounds  as  a  donation. 

February  3. — This  morning,  a  little  before  five  o'clock,  the 
extensive  steam-engine  manufactory  of  Messrs.  Robert  and 
William  Hawthorn,  at  the  Forth-banks,  Newcastle,  was  discovered 
to  be  on  fire,  and  such  was  the  rapid  progress  of  the  flames  that 
within  two  hours  a  large  building  in  the  centre  of  the  works, 
which  was  used  as  the  locomotive  tender  and  the  pattern  depart- 
ment, was  completely  destroyed.  Some  of  the  detached  workshops 
were,  however,  preserved.  The  loss  was  estimated  at  upwards  of 
£10,000.  This  was  the  third  time  the  premises  of  Messrs. 
Hawthorn  had  suffered  from  fire.  See  Sykes,  March  10th,  1832. 

February  3. — A  boy,  named  Foggon,  little  more  than  two 
years  old,  wandered  from  his  home,  at  Lorbottle,  near  Rothbury. 
The  following  morning  the  neighbours  having  dragged  the  mill 
ponds  and  searched  the  burns  afterwards  repaired  to  the  adjoining 


204  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1846. 

hills,  when  a  shepherd's  lad,  belonging  to  Mr.  Drysdale,  was 
attracted  by  his  cries,  and  found  him  lying  on  his  breast,  at  a 
place  called  the  Long  Crag,  a  distance  of  nearly  four  miles  from 
his  home,  and  after  having  endured  the  exposure  more  than^25 
hours.  His  preservation  is  the  more  remarkable  from  his  having 
passed  several  old  coal  workings  during  the  night. 

1846  (February  4,). — A  fatal  accident  occurred  at  Messrs. 
Stephenson's  engine  manufactory,  South-street,  Newcastle,  by  which 
a  young  man,  named  William  Phelan,  a  native,  of  Alnwick,  lost 
his  life.  It  appeared  that  Phelan  and  a  fellow  workman,  named 
Bruce,  were  engaged  in  grinding  a  piece  of  iron  on  a  grindstone, 
which  was  driven  by  an  engine,  when  suddenly,  without  any 
warning,  the  stone  flew  into  pieces  with  tremendous  force,  one  of 
the  parts  flying  upwards  and  breaking  the  beam  and  the  floor  of 
the  upper  room,  and  then  striking  the  steam  pipe  in  its  descent, 
broke  it,  and  filled  the  building  with  steam.  The  other  portions  of 
the  stone  were  driven  in  all  directions.  Phelan  was  found  some 
distance  from  the  place,  with  his  head  frightfully  shattered.  He 
died  at  the  Infirmary  two  hours  after  the  accident. 

February  6. — The  extensive  paper  mill  of  Messrs.  Hutton, 
Fletcher,  &  Co.,  Ayres  Quay,  near  Sunderland,  was  completely 
burnt  down  this  morning.  The  fire  was  first  discovered  about  six 
o'clock  by  some  workmen,  who  observed  masses  of  smoke  issuing 
from  the  windows.  In  about  ten  minutes  more,  the  whole  mill 
was  enveloped  in  fire.  When  it  reached  the  room  where  the  rags 
and  ropes  and  other  material  are  kept,  the  fury  of  the  devouring 
element  was  greatly  increased,  and  its  progress  became  irresistible. 
The  flames  rose  to  a  great  height,  and  the  roof  fell  in  about  fifty 
minutes  from  the  time  of  the  fire  being  discovered.  The  workmen 
had  been  on  strike  for  the  previous  three  weeks,  and  as  the  estab- 
lishment had  consequently  been  closed,  strong  suspicions  were 
abroad  that  it  was  wilfully  occasioned. 

February  8. — This  evening  an  alarming  disturbance  took 
place  at  Black  Hill,  between  the  English  and  Irish  workmen 
employed  at  the  Derwent  Iron  Works.  It  appeared  that  during 
the  evening  several  of  the  workmen  were  drinking  in  a  public 
house,  kept  by  Mr.  Moore,  and  a  fight  took  place,  in  which  one  of 
the  combatants,  an  Irishman,  was  severely  beaten.  This  so  excited 
his  companions  that  they  immediately  collected  together  a  numerous 
body  of  their  countrymen,  some  armed  with  sticks,  others  with 
pokers,  shovels,  and  similar  weapons,  and  they  forthwith  made  an 
indiscriminate  attack  upon  all  in  the  village.  The  first  person 
they  met  was  a  man  named  George  Patterson,  who  was  instantly 
felled  to  the  ground.  Another  man,  named  Gilroy,  was  so  mal- 
treated as  scarcely  to  be  recognized.  The  rioters  then  attacked 
the  public  house,  and  in  a  short  time  every  pane  of  glass  was 
broken,  the  inmates  making  a  precipitate  retreat  by  the  back  part 
of  the  premises.  By  this  time  the  whole  place  was  in  a  state  of 
the  utmost  alarm  and  excitement,  and  the  English  workmen,  in 
order  to  defend  themselves,  were  obliged  to  give  battle  to  the 


A.D.  1846.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  205 

assailants.  The  consequences  may  be  imagined.  The  parties 
attacked  each  other  with  loud  yells  and  in  the  most  ferocious 
manner,  and  it  was  not  until  two  o'clock  in  the  morning  that  the 
riot  had  expended  itself.  The  Irishmen  retreated,  leaving  six 
lying  on  the  ground  bleeding,  and  having  about  forty  others  seriously 
injured.  Information  of  the  disturbance  reached  Superintendent 
Hall  at  Whickham,  and  he  hastened  to  the  place  with  a  strong  body 
of  policemen,  and  succeeded  in  apprehending  nine  of  the  principal 
rioters,  who  were  immediately  taken  before  Peter  Annandale,  esq,, 
who  committed  them  to  prison.  Three  of  those  left  on  the  field 
of  battle  subsequently  died  of  their  wounds. 

1846  (February  12). — A  fine  specimen  of  the  Trichiuvus  Lepturus, 
or  Blade  Fish,  13  feet  9  inches  long,  was  caught  near  Alnmouth, 
and  was  afterwards  exhibited  at  Alnwick.  This  was  supposed  to 
be  the  first  specimen  of  this  rare  fish  caught  alive  in  Britain. 

February. — The  following  are  in  the  list  of  new  patents  applied 
for  during  this  month  : — Conrad  Haverkam  Greenhow,  of  North 
Shields,  gent,,  for  improvements  in  the  construction  of  railways 
and  railway  carriages,  sealed  6th  January,  6  months  for  enrolment ; 
Henry  Watson,  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne,  brass-founder,  for 
improvements  in  withdrawing  air  and  vapours  from  furnaces  or 
other  apparatus,  and  in  condensing  and  employing  such  vapours, 
sealed  6th  January,  6  months  for  enrolment ;  Robert  Bewick 
Longridge,  of  the  Bedlington  Iron  Works,  near  Morpeth,  North- 
umberland, for  an  improved  locomotive  engine,  sealed  13th 
January,  6  months  for  enrolment ;  William  Benson,  of  Allerwash 
House,  Haydon  Bridge,  Northumberland,  gent.,  for  certain 
improvements  in  machines  for  the  manufacture  of  tiles  and  other 
plastic  substances,  sealed  15th  January,  6  months  for  enrolment. 

March  10. — A  pugilistic  encounter  took  place  on  Blyth  Links, 
between  William  Cleghorn  and  Michael  Reilly,  both  of  Newcastle. 
After  fighting  not  less  than  two  hours  and  a  half,  Cleghorn  was 
declared  the  victor.  Reilly  received  such  severe  injuries  that  he 
died  early  on  the  following  morning.  Cleghorn  was  convicted  of 
manslaughter  at  the  Summer  Assizes,  before  Mr.  Justice  Cresswell, 
and  was  sentenced  to  six  months  hard  labour. 

March  16. — A  little  boy,  named  Taylor,  employed  at  Spital 
Tongues  Colliery,  near  Newcastle,  escaped  a  dreadful  death  in 
a  most  extraordinary  way.  Taylor  was  occupied  at  bank  pushing 
the  corves  of  coals  from  the  shaft  to  fill  the  waggons,  and  he 
occasionally  steadied  the  corves  over  the  mouth  of  the  shaft  to 
descend  into  the  mine.  While  engaged  in  the  latter  occupation 
a  projecting  rod  from  the  corf  caught  his  waistcoat  and  dragged 
him  into  the  shaft  down  which  he  fell  head  foremost.  The  shaft 
is  60  fathoms  deep  and  his  fellow  workmen  shuddered  as  they 
thought  of  his  certain  death.  Judge  their  surprize  when,  a 
moment  afterwards,  a  voice  came  up  the  shaft  "  I've  got  hold  of 
the  rope,  pull  me  up,"  and,  strange  as  it  may  seem,  at  a  depth  of 
upwards  of  180  feet  had  this  boy  in  his  perilous  descent  seized  the 
rope,  which  was  connected  with  the  corf  about  to  descend,  and 


20S  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1846. 

sustained  his  weight  until  brought  to  the  surface,  having  received 
no  other  injury  than  a  slight  graze  on  one  arm  and  leg. 

1846  (March  16), — Whilst  two  boys,  sons  of  Mr.  Robert  Lynn,  of 
Derwenthaugh  Lamp  Black  Works,  were  playing  by  the  Derwent 
river,  near  Swalwell,  the  younger,  who  was  five  years  of  age, 
fell  in  and  his  brother  in  attempting  to  get  him  out  was  drawn  in 
also.  The  alarm  being  given  by  some  companions,  a  young  man, 
named  William  Kirsopp,  ran  to  the  spot,  plunged  into  the  river, 
and  rescued  the  two  little  fellows,  who  were  just  sinking,  being 
quite  exhausted. 

March  26. — The  foundation-stone  for  the  erection  of  other 
four  new  cottages  at  the  Master  Mariners'  Asylum,  near  Bent 
House,  South  Shields,  was  laid  by  R.  Ingham,  esq.,  of  Westoe,  in 
the  presence  of  a  numerous  and  highly  respectable  party  of  ladies 
and  gentlemen.  The  Rev.  J.  Carr  offered  up  prayer  on  the 
occasion,  and  the  meeting  was  addressed  by  R.  Ingham,  R. 
Anderson,  J.  Hargrave,  and  R.  Findley,  esqrs. 

April  12. — This  morning  a  serious  accident  happened  on  the 
Brandling  Junction  Railway,  at  Templetown,  near  South  Shields, 
in  consequence  of  an  engine,  which  was  conveying  a  heavily 
laden  passenger  train,  running  off  the  rails  and  falling  over  an 
embankment  into  a  cottage,  belonging  to  Mr.  George  Swalwell. 
As  the  accident  was  almost  momentary  there  was  no  time  for 
escape,  and  the  engine  fell  perpendicularly  through  the  roof, 
destroying  the  whole  of  the  house,  and  burying  Mrs.  Swalwell, 
her  son  and  sister  (Sarah  Rippon)  in  the  ruins.  From  the  position 
of  the  engine  and  the  force  of  the  steam,  which  was  escaping 
amongst  the  ruins,  it  was  with  considerable  difficulty  that  the 
sufferers  were  got  out.  The  son  escaped  unhurt,  but  the  females 
were  not  so  fortunate.  Mrs.  Swalwell  escaped  with  a  broken  leg. 
Sarah  Rippon  died  a  short  time  after  the  accident.  The  engine- 
man  and  fireman  were  thrown  on  the  top  of  an  adjoining  house, 
the  former  received  several  severe  bruises,  but  the  other  escaped 
unhurt.  The  passengers  were  considerably  alarmed,  but  with  the 
exception  of  a  man,  named  John  Blanchland,  who  had  one  leg 
broken  and  the  other  fractured,  they  all  escaped. 

April  19. — A  fire  broke  out  this  evening  in  a  building  in 
the  Castle  Yard,  on  the  Palace  Green,  Durham.  The  flames 
raged  for  nearly  six  hours,  but,  fortunately,  they  were  confined  to 
the  building.  How  the  fire  originated  could  not  be  accounted  for, 
as  the  premises  had  been  locked  up  for  a  considerable  time.  The 
damage  was  estimated  at  about  £400. 

April  28. — A  massive  silver  tureen  and  salver,  value  £130, 
were  presented  to  Mr.  Alderman  William  Henry  Brockett,  of 
Gateshead,  by  the  merchants  and  shipowners  of  Newcastle  and 
neighbourhood,  to  mark  their  sense  of  his  services  in  connection 
with  the  removal  of  the  passing  toll  levied  on  shipping  by  the 
Corporation  of  Scarborough.  The  plate  was  presented  by  Mr.  G. 
Straker,  and  Mr.  Brockett  was  afterwards  entertained  at  dinner  at 
the  Three  Indian  King's  Hotel,  Quayside,  Newcastle. 


A.D.  1846.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  207 

1846  (May  12). — A  fire  occurred  in  the  farm  premises  of  Messrs. 
W.  and  R.  Green,  of  Crawcrook,  near  Gateshead,  by  which  nine 
stacks  of  grain  and  much  other  property  was  destroyed.  It  was 
snpposed  to  be  the  work  of  an  incendiary,  a  quantity  of  cotton 
being  found  in  the  stackyard. 

May  24.— A  lad,  about  seventeen  years  of  age,  named  William 
Bowman,  residing  with  his  brother,  who  is  a  hairdresser,  in 
Clive-street,  North  Shields,  was  discovered  to  have  hung  himself 
under  very  extraordinary  circumstances.  The  parties  are  natives 
of  London,  and  had  resided  only  a  few  months  at  Shields.  On 
Sunday  their  father  visited  them,  from  Newcastle,  and  on  his 
return,  in  the  evening,  the  elder  brother  accompanied  him  to  the 
train,  leaving  deceased  in  the  house.  On  the  brother's  return  he 
found  the  door  locked  inside,  and  as  no  one  answered  his  knock, 
another  door,  leading  from  a  side  passage  was  broken  open,  when 
the  unfortunate  youth  was  found  suspended  from  the  ceiling,  quite 
dead.  The  deceased  was  dressed  precisely  similar  to  a  culprit 
whom  he  had  recently  seen  executed,  and  the  neck  was  protected 
from  the  cord  by  a  pillow,  which  had  been  placed  between  it  and 
the  rope.  No  reason  whatever  could  be  assigned  for  the  act. 

May  24. — Died,  at  Nettlecombe,  Somerset,  aged  86,  Sir  John 
Trevelyan,  bart.,  of  that  place,  and  of  Wellington,  Northumber- 
land. In  1798  he  raised  the  Wallington  troop  of  cavalry,  of 
which  he  was  commandant.  Sir  John  was  succeeded  in  the 
baronetcy  and  family  estates  by  Walter  Calverly  Trevelyan,  his 
eldest  son,  born  in  Newcastle,  on  the  31st  of  March,  1797. 

June  11. — This  afternoon  a  magnificent  vessel,  named  the 
Marlborough,  was  launched  from  the  building-yard  of  Messrs. 
Smith,  at  St.  Peter's,  near  Newcastle.  Precisely  at  half-past  five 
the  signal  was  given,  and  the  vessel  glided  smoothly  and  majesti- 
cally into  its  native  element  amid  the  firing  of  cannon  and  the 
cheers  of  the  assembled  multitude.  The  Marlborough  was  1,800 
tons  burthen  and  the  largest  vessel  ever  before  built  on  the  Tyne. 

June  11. — This  afternoon  a  boiler  suddenly  exploded  at  the 
Tow  Law  Iron  Works,  near  Wolsingham,  Durham,  by  which  two 
men  and  a  boy  lost  their  lives,  and  several  persons  were  much 
injured.  Great  damage  was  also  done  to  the  works. 

June  21. — A  melancholy  accident  occurred  at  Hartlepool,  by 
the  upsetting  of  a  yacht,  in  which  were  three  brothers,  named 
Travers,  aged  respectively  34,  30,  and  28,  all  clerks  in  respectable 
offices,  and  Thomas  Westall,  a  waterman.  The  party  was  pro- 
ceeding from  Hartlepool  to  Middlesborough,  but  were  caught  by  a 
squall,  and  all  of  them  were  drowned  before  assistance  could  be 
rendered. 

June  22. — The  match  between  Newell  and  Clasper,  which 
had  excited  extraordinary  interest,  came  off  this  day,  on  the 
Tyne.  The  amount  at  issue  was  100  sovereigns  aside,  and  the 
distance  to  be  performed  about  five  miles,  teing  from  Newcastle 
Bridge  to  Lernington.  The  contest  resulted  in  the  victory  of 
Newell  by  about  fifty  yards.  Never,  perhaps,  on  any  similar 


208 


HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OP  [>.D.  1846. 


occasion  was  there  seen  such  a  mass  of  spectators,  and  "  Haud 
away  Harry"  was  echoed  and  re-echoed  from  each  side  of  the 

river. 

1846  (June  23> — The  Newcastle  Baces  commenced  this  day.  The 
North  Derby  was  won  by  Lord  Eglinton's  b  c  Dolo  (Marson), 
beating  Mr.  Cooke's  br  c  Fancy  Boy  and  Mr.  W.  Scott's  Sir 
Tatton  Sykes.  The  Northumberland  Plate  was  won  by  Lord 
Eglinton's  b  c  Dolo  (Prince),  beating  Mr.  J.  Bell's  ch  h  Winesour 
and  12  others.  The  Gold  Cup  was  won  by  Mr.  J.  Bell's  ch  h 
Winesour  (Bumby),  beating  Mr.  O'Brien's  bl  c  Mentor  and  Colonel 
Craddock's  br  c  Jinglepot. 

july  4. — A  girl,  named  Catherine  Hindmarsh,  aged  19, 
residing  in  High-street,  Bishopwearmouth,  was  sent  by  her  mother 
to  a  shop  in  the  neighbourhood,  but  she  never  returned  home. 
On  the  following  morning  she  was  discovered  lying  dead  at  the 
bottom  of  Galley's  Gill,  a  precipice  upwards  of  80  feet  in  height. 
Cries  of  "  Murder"  were  heard  in  the  neighbourhood  about  mid- 
night, and  it  appeared  certain  that  the  unfortunate  girl  had  come 
to  a  violent  end,  but  nothing  was  ever  elicited  to  clear  up  the 
mystery. 

july  5. — A  melancholy  accident  happened  to  a  promising 
young  man,  aged  22,  son  of  Mr.  William  Marshall,  of  Westoe. 
An  aquatic  pleasure  party  had  been  at  sea  in  a  boat,  near  Marsden 
Rocks,  and  one  of  the  party  had  taken  a  loaded  double-barrelled 
gun  into  the  boat  for  the  purpose  of  shooting  seagulls.  The  major 
part  of  the  party  having  come  on  shore,  Mr.  Marshall  and  Mr. 
Galloway  returned  to  the  boat  for  the  purpose  of  re-embarking, 
when,  owing  to  some  accident,  the  gun  went  off,  and  the  contents 
were  discharged  into  Mr.  Marshall's  body.  He  was  immediately 
conveyed  to  Peter  Allen's  marine  grotto,  where  he  shortly  after- 
wards expired. 

July  5. — A  terrific  thunderstorm  occurred  in  Newcastle  and 
the  surrounding  district,  during  which  a  young  woman,  named 
Mary  Elliot,  living  at  Cramlington,  was  killed  by  the  lightning. 

July  14. — The  eighth  great  meeting  of  the  Royal  Agricultural 
Society  commenced  at  Newcastle,  under  the  presidency  of  Lord 
Portman.  The  principal  object  of  the  meeting  was  to  bring 
together  all  the  most  approved  means  of  cultivating  the  soil  and 
performing  the  multifarious  duties  appertaining  to  agriculture,  and 
especially  to  show  the  improvements  of  which  the  breeding  and 
fattening  of  live  stock  are  susceptible.  Great  preparations  had 
been  made  for  several  months  previous,  and  thirteen  acres  of  the 
Town  Moor,  behind  Eldon-place,  had  been  drained,  enclosed  and 
divided  into  sections  for  the  show  of  live  stock  and  implements, 
and  a  spacious  pavilion  had  been  erected  in  the  Forth  for  the  public 
dinner.  On  the  14th  and  15th  the  judges  of  implements  and  stock 
made  their  awards,  and  on  the  16th  and  17th  the  cattle  show  was 
thrown  open  to  the  public.  On  both  days  the  number  of  persons 
anxious  to  inspect  the  exhibition  greatly  surpassed  the  anticipations 
of  the  committee,  and  it  was  found  necessary  to  make  additional 


A.D.  1846.] 


REMARKABLE  EVENTS. 


209 


entrances  in  order  to  relieve  the  pressure  at  the  doors.  In  the 
afternoon  of  the  16th  the  great  dinner  took  place  in  the  Forth. 
Covers  were  laid  for  1,300,  the  utmost  number  which  could  be 
accommodated,  and  many  gentlemen  were  disappointed  in  obtaining 
admission.  The  chair  was  taken  by  Lord  Portman,  and  the  vice- 
chair  by  the  Earl  of  Egmont.  Amongst  the  distinguished  visitors 
were  His  Royal  Highness  the  Duke  of  Cambridge,  the  Duke  of 
Cleveland,  the  Earl  of  Chichester,  the  Earl  of  Buchan,  Lord 
Morpeth,  Lord  Polwarth,  Sir  Roderick  Murchison,  Dr.  Buckland, 
Mr.  George  Stephenson,  and  almost  every  landed  gentleman  in 
Northumberland  and  Durham.  The  following  noblemen  and 
gentlemen  were  also  in  the  town  during  the  week  : — The  Marquis 
of  Downshire,  the  Marquis  of  Bute,  the  Earl  of  Hardwicke,  the 
Earl  of  Durham,  the  Earl  of  Sheffield,  Lord  Rivers,  Lord  Hawke, 
Baron  Knesebeck,  the  Marquis  de  St.  Oppootune,  from  the  Azores, 
Dr.  Moberg,  from  Copenhagen,  M.  Kynander,  from  Finland, 
C.  F.  W.  Jeppe,  Rostock,  &c.,  &c.  On  the  17th  a  general  meeting 
of  the  society  was  held  in  the  Music  Hall,  which  concluded  the 
proceedings.  Lord  Portman,  who  presided,  paid  a  high  compliment 
to  the  mayor  (Dr.  Headlam),  the  corporation,  and  the  local  com- 
mittee, for  the  excellent  arrangements  they  had  made. 


FORTH  TAVERN,  NEWCASTLE. 

1846  (July  30).— Died,  at  Westgate-hill,  Newcastle,  aged  79,  Mr. 
Robert  Roxby,  many  years  clerk  in  Sir  M.  W.  Ridley  and  Co.'s 
bank.  As  a  member  of  society,  Mr.  Roxby  conciliated  the  esteem 
and  respect  of  all  who  had  the  happiness  to  be  acquainted  with 
him.  In  the  local  literature  of  the  North  of  England  he  was  also 
favourably  known.  His  "Lay  of  the  Reedswater  Minstrel"  and 
various  minor  poetical  pieces  have  been  many  years  before  the 

D  1 


210  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OP  [A.l>.  1846. 

world,  and  in  connection  with  his  «  Coquetdale  Fishing  Songs"  his 
name  will  long  be  remembered  in  these  districts. 

1846  (July  3l> — The  great  Ford  tithe  cause,  between  the  Rev. 
Thomas  Knight  and  the  Marquis  of  Waterford,  came  on  for  trial 
at  the  Northumberland  Assizes,  before  Mr.  Justice  Wightman, 
the  Court  of  Exchequer  having  determined  that  the  ruling  of 
Baron  Rolfe,  on  a  previous  occasion,  was  erroneous.  The 
jury,  after  a  four  days  trial,  found  a  verdict  for  the  plaintiff, 
thus  establishing  the  claim  of  the  rector  to  the  tithes.  The 
dispute  was  eventually  compromised,  the  plaintiff  receiving 
£10,000  for  his  retrospective  claims  and  a  rent  charge  of  £800 
per  annum. 

August  7. — An  inquiry  was  instituted  before  Mr.  William 
Baker,  deputy -coroner,  at  the  Crown,  High-street,  Shadwell, 
London,  relative  to  the  death  of  Mr.  Isaac  Tucker,  aged  37,  whose 
death  occurred  from  intoxication.  It  appeared  that  the  deceased, 
who  resided  at  Gateshead,  where  he  carried  on  the  business  of  a 
pipe  maker,  was  the  author  of  two  dramatic  works,  which  he  was 
desirous  should  be  published  by  a  London  house.  He  had  gone  to 
London  for  that  purpose,  and  whilst  there  obtained  a  tasting  order 
for  the  London  docks,  where  the  deceased  drank  about  half-a-pint 
of  different  wines.  On  leaving  there  he  went  to  the  Old  Rose, 
Shadwell,  and  had  two  glasses  of  brandy  and  water.  The  deceased 
then  became  insensible,  and  in  this  state  he  was  removed  to  the 
station,  in  King  David-lane,  where  he  was  left.  In  about  half-an- 
hour  he  seemed  in  a  dying  state,  when  Mr.  Ross,  a  surgeon, 
was  sent  for.  He  tried  to  bleed  him,  but  without  effect,  and 
life  became  extinct.  Verdict  —  "  Apoplexy  from  excessive 
drinking." 

August  9. — Newcastle  and  neighbourhood  were  visited  by  a 
violent  thunderstorm  and  heavy  rain.  The  storm  proceeded 
in  a  westward  direction,  and  about  two  o'clock  the  electric  fluid 
struck  a  row  of  houses,  called  Greenhow's-terrace,  Scotswood- 
road,  and  did  considerable  damage.  No  fewer  than  fifteen  persons 
were  struck  down  ;  some  of  them  were  dreadfully  scorched  in 
various  parts  of  the  body.  Medical  assistance  was  at  once  pro- 
cured and  the  whole  were  eventually  restored  to  consciousness. 
Three  bridges  erected  over  the  Middleton  Beck,  on  the  Tees,  were 
carried  away  ;  the  bridge  at  Egglesburn  was  thrown  down,  andaa 
number  of  cottages  at  Egglestone  were  almost  entirely  demolished. 
At  Barnard  Castle  the  river  rose  15  feet  above  its  usual  level,  and 
a  great  number  of  sheep,  lambs,  and  pigs,  and  an  immense 
quantity  of  hay  were  lost.  At  Milburn,  Northumberland,  the 
lightning  set  fire  to  a  hawker's  cart,  which,  with  its  contents  were 
destroyed. 

August  21. — Great  sensation  was  created  in  Berwick,  this 
morning,  on  it  becoming  known  that  the  North  of  England  Branch 
Bank  had  been  entered  during  the  night,  and  notes  and  coin  to 
the  amount  of  £3,000  carried  away.  It  appeared  that  Mr. 
Thompson,  the  resident  agent,  had  been  from  home  on  a  leave  of 


A.D.  184  6.1  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  211 

absence  for  a  fortnight.  In  the  morning  the  robbery  was  dis- 
covered by  a  servant,  when  the  safe  was  found  unlocked,  a  bolt 
proceeding  from  the  room  above  having  been  raised  and  the  whole 
of  the  property  removed.  Intelligence  of  the  robbery  was  imme- 
diately forwarded  to  Newcastle,  and  Mr.  Burdis,  accompanied  by 
Mr.  Stephens,  superintendent  of  police,  proceeded  to  Berwick 
without  delay.  On  their  arrival,  watchmen  were  stationed  round 
the  bank.  A  searching  examination  of  the  premises  was  then 
made,  and,  as  the  result  proved,  with  perfect  success.  All  the 
gold  and  the  whole  of  the  silver  were  discovered  secreted  under 
the  stairs  in  the  kitchen,  and  the  whole  of  the  notes  were  soon 
afterwards  found  in  the  bedroom  of  Mrs.  Thompson,  wife  of  the 
manager,  sewed  up  in  the  bolsters  and  bedding.  Mrs.  Thompson 
was  immediately  apprehended  and  was  tried  for  the  offence  on  the 
26th  October,  before  the  recorder,  Mr.  Ingham,  but  the  testimony 
of  the  female  servants  being  somewhat  contradictory  she  was 
acquitted. 

1846  (October  5). — A  melancholy  affair  took  place  in  a  field 
adjoining  Benton-lane,  Newcastle,  which  ended  in  the  death  of  a 
man,  named  Daniel  Hives.  The  deceased  was  employed  in  the 
construction  of  the  Newcastle  and  Berwick  Railway,  and  a  few 
minutes  before  the  occurrence  had  been  struck  and  severely 
injured  by  two  Irish  navvies,  named  George  Mathews  and  John 
Hughes.  He  immediately  followed  them,  the  men  threatening  to 
murder  him  if  he  came  near  them.  He  persisted,  however,  and 
the  party  at  length  reached  a  field  in  which  Captain  Potts,  a 
magistrate,  was  standing,  when  Hives  having  appealed  to  him  the 
captain  also  followed  the  men  and  told  them  they  should  not 
escape.  Suddenly  the  Irishmen  turned  round  and  came  up  to 
their  pursuers,  when  Mathews  pushed  Captain  Potts  aside  and 
plunged  a  knife  into  the  right  groin  of  the  unfortunate  Hives  and 
killed  him  on  the  spot.  Through  the  coolness  and  persistency  of 
Captain  Potts  the  men  were  soon  after  captured.  On  February 
27th,  1847,  they  were  tried  before  Baron  Rolfe,  when  Mathews 
was  convicted  of  the  murder  and  Hughes  was  acquitted.  Mathews 
was  executed  at  Morpeth  on  the  17th  March  following. 

October  12. — An  accident  of  a  most  extraordinary  character 
occurred  this  evening  at  Walker  Iron  Works,  near  Newcastle,  the 
property  of  Messrs.  Losh,  Wilson,  &  Bell.  It  appeared  that  cries 
of  distress  were  raised  in  a  portion  of  the  premises,  and,  on  search 
being  made,  a  man  named  Davies  and  a  youth  named  Spearman 
were  found  dead  on  the  floor  of  a  privy.  It  was  then  discovered 
that  one  of  the  branches  from  the  great  blast  pipe  was  leaking, 
and  the  air  in  it  having  become  impregnated  with  carbonic  oxide 
and  carbonic  acid  gas,  the  place  had  become  filled  with  the  poisonous 
mixture,  and  the  deceased  had  been  suffocated.  In  about  half- 
an-hour  after  this  lamentable  occurrence,  another  catastrophe  took 
place,  by  the  bursting  of  the  air  receiver,  the  explosion  of  which, 
was  so  terrific  that  it  was  heard  for  several  miles  around.  One 
man,  named  Robert  Rogers,  standing  near  the  mouth  of  the 


212  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1846. 

regulator,  was  blown  a  prodigious  distance  and  killed  immediately, 
and  some  others  had  fractured  limbs.  The  reservoir  itself,  though 
of  great  solidity,  was  blown  to  fragments,  and  one  piece  of  it,  after 
rising  an  immense  height,  descended  upon  a  wooden  post,  170  yards 
from  its  original  seat,  with  such  violence,  that  the  post  actually 
pierced  the  thick  iron  plate.  Nearly  all  the  windows  in  the 
neighbourhood  were  blown  out  by  the  force  of  the  explosion 
which  caused  great  excitement  from  the  singular  circumstances 
attending  it. 

1846  (November  9). — The  election  of  mayors  for  the  boroughs  in 
the  counties  of  Northumberland  and  Durham  took  place,  with  the 
following  result: — Newcastle — James  Archbold,  esq.,  mayor; 
Joseph  Crawhall,  esq.,  sheriff.  Gateshead — Thomas  Revely,  esq. 
Sunderland — Robert  Brown,  esq.  Durham — William  Davison,  esq, 
Stockton— John  Crosby,  esq.  Morpeth — Richard  Lewins,  esq. 
Berwick — George  Johnston,  esq.,  M.D.,  mayor;  Alexander  Cahill, 
esq.,  M.D.,  sheriff. 

November  10. — The  foundation-stone  of  Trinity  Presbyterian 
Chapel,  New  Bridge-street,  Newcastle,  was  laid  by  the  Right 
Hon.  Fox  Maule,  M.  P.,  Secretary  at  War.  The  church  was 
designed  by  Mr.  Dobson,  and  is  in  the  early  English  style,  with 
very  little  ornament,  but  has  two  angular  towers  82  feet  in  height. 
It  accommodates  850  hearers.  The  expense  of  the  building  was 
£3,000.  A  public  breakfast  took  place  previous  to  the  ceremony, 
at  which  the  mayor  and  sheriff  of  the  town  attended.  The 
chapel  was  opened  October  8th,  1847,  by  the  Rev.  J.  Hamilton,  of 
London. 

December  12. — One  of  the  greatest  snowstorms  which  has 
occurred  during  the  present  century,  commenced  this  morning 
throughout  Northumberland  and  Durham.  The  trains  upon  the 
various  railways  converging  to  Newcastle,  were  greatly  delayed, 
and  towards  the  evening  they  were  altogether  brought  to  a  stand ; 
one  train  from  the  south  being  blocked  up  at  Leamside,  and  a 
second  at  Fence  Houses.  The  storm  extended  as  far  north  as 
Edinburgh,  west  to  Haydon  Bridge,  and  south  to  Darlington.  On 
the  13th  no  train  whatever  was  able  to  leave  Newcastle,  and,  to 
clear  the  line  southwards,  six  engines,  coupled  together,  conveying 
about  200  excavators,  were  ordered  to  Fence  Houses,  but,  after 
five  hours  exertion,  they  were  only  able  to  reach  Washington.  The 
mail  which  left  Newcastle  for  the  north,  with  much  difficulty 
reached  Newton-on-the-Moor,  where  it  was  blocked  up  in  a  snow- 
drift, 20  feet  deep.  A  young  man,  belonging  to  Chillingham,  lost 
his  life  near  Lilburn.  Much  injury  was  done  to  household  pro- 
perty during  the  storm,  by  the  falling  of  roofs,  owing  to  the  immense 
quantity  of  snow  accumulated  upon  them.  The  eaves  of  a  house 
in  Richmond-street,  Newcastle,  gave  way,  and  the  entire  roof  was 
precipitated  into  the  street.  The  roof  of  a  house  in  Norfolk-street, 
North  Shields,  occupied  by  Mr.  Moffat,  tailor,  was  forced  off  in 
the  same  manner.  The  poor  were  put  to  cruel  privations  in  conse- 
quence of  the  traffic  in  coal  being  quite  suspended,  as  well  as  all 


A.D.  1847.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS  213 

out-door  employment,  but  a  thaw  set  in  on  the  evening  of  the 
18th,  and  the  snow  gradually  disappeared. 

1847  (January  II). — A  seizure  was  made  by  Mr.  Thompson, 
collector  of  excise,  of  a  soap  manufactory  in  the  New-road, 
Newcastle,  when  it  was  discovered  that,  besides  the  small  apparatus 
ordinarily  seen  at  work,  the  parties  had  formed  a  communication 
with  an  adjoining  warehouse  by  the  means  of  an  ingeniously  con- 
structed secret  door,  and  a  large  quantity  of  soap  was  found 
therein.  The  loss  to  the  revenue  was  calculated  to  have  been 
upwards  of  £6,000.  The  place  was  occupied  by  four  brothers, 
named  Allan. 

January  16. — Died,  at  Westoe,  aged  59,  Christopher  Blackett, 
esq.,  of  Wylam.  Mr.  Blackett  entered  the  army  early  in  life, 
and  served  for  some  time  under  Sir  Henry  Burrard  and  the  Duke 
of  Wellington  in  the  Peninsular  campaigns.  On  the  return  of 
peace  he  settled  at  his  ancient  family  seat  of  Oakwood,  near 
Newcastle,  and  in  1830  he  was  elected  a  representative  of  the 
borough  of  Beeralston,  for  which  he  sat  until  the  general  election 
in  1831.  In  1836  he  was  invited  to  come  forward  for  Newcastle, 
on  the  death  of  Sir  Matthew  White  Ridley,  bart.,  but  after  a  very 
exciting  contest  he  was  defeated  by  John  Hodgson,  esq.,  of 
Elswick,  Hodgson  polling  1,576,  Blackett  1,528.  In  the  following 
year,  however,  he  was  elected  for  South  Northumberland,  without 
opposition,  and  he  represented  the  county  till  1841,  when  his 
declining  health  obliged  him  to  retire  into  private  life.  The 
deceased  was  succeeded  in  his  estates  by  his  eldest  son,  J.  F.  B. 
Blackett,  esq. 

January  19. — A  public  meeting  was  held  in  Newcastle,  Sir 
John  Fife,  in  the  absence  of  the  Mayor  (James  Archbold,  esq.), 
in  the  chair,  for  considering  the  best  means  of  relieving  the  awful 
famine  prevailing  in  Ireland  and  the  Highlands  of  Scotland. 
Upwards  of  £4,000  were  subscribed  in  the  town  and  neighbour- 
hood, and  transmitted  for  the  relief  of  the  sufferers.  Similar 
meetings  were  held  at  the  other  towns  in  the  district,  and  the  total 
amount  subscribed  was  exceedingly  large. 

February  7. — This  day  t'he  retired  and  pleasant  village  of 
Newbrough,  situated  about  five  miles  west  of  Hexham,  was 
thrown  into  a  state  of  great  excitement  by  a  report  that  Thomas 
Proud,  hind  to  Mr.  Maughan,  of  Newbrough  Lodge,  had  been 
murdered  by  a  young  man,  named  James  Welch,  a  labourer  at 
Prudholm  Quarry.  It  appeared  that  a  child  of  Proud's  had  been 
christened  during  the  day,  and  the  parties  had  afterwards  retired 
to  a  Mr.  Surtees'  public  house,  at  Newbrough.  Whilst  there, 
Welch  and  Proud  quarrelled,  and  when  the  party  left  Welch 
followed  Proud  and  cut  his  throat  with  a  clasp-knife  in  a  dreadful 
manner.  Proud  died  almost  immediately.  The  murderer,  who 
was  apprehended  at  Fourstones,  about  a  mile  distant,  was  tried 
before  Baron  Rolfe,  on  the  26th  instant,  and  convicted  of  the 
murder.  He  was  accordingly  executed  at  Morpeth  on  the  17th 
March. 


214  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OP  [A.D.  1847. 


GATEWAY  OF  ALNWICK  CASTLE. 

1847  (February  II). — Died,  at  Alnwick  Castle,  in  his  62nd  year, 
His  Grace  the  Duke  of  Northumberland.  His  grace  had  been 
suffering  for  a  short  time  from  an  attack  of  influenza,  but  he 
eventually  died  somewhat  suddenly.  Hugh,  Duke  and  Earl  of 
Northumberland,  Earl  Percy,  Baron  Percy  and  Warkworth,  was 
Lord-Lieutenant  and  Gustos  Rotulorum  of  the  county  of  North- 
umberland, Vice-Admiral  of  Northumberland  and  Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne,  Constable  of  Launceston  Castle,  Chancellor  of  the  University 
of  Cambridge,  President  of  the  Royal  Humane  Society,  and  Fellow 
of  numerous  learned  institutions.  His  grace  was  born  on  the  20th 
April,  1785,  and,  after  being  educated  at  Eton  and  Cambridge,  he 
entered  Parliament  in  1806,  as  member  for  Buckingham.  In 
1807  his  grace  was  returned  for  the  county  of  Northumberland, 
which  he  continued  to  represent  until  1812,  when  he  was  called  to 
the  House  of  Lords  by  the  title  of  Baron  Percy.  In  July,  1817, 
he  succeeded  his  father  in  the  family  honours,  and  in  1825  his 
grace  was  required  to  serve  his  majesty  as  Ambassador  Extra- 
ordinary at  the  coronation  of  Charles  X.,  King  of  France.  The 
whole  expense  of  that  costly  mission  was  defrayed  by  his  grace, 
who  astonished  the  Continental  nobility  by  the  magnitude  of  his 
retinue,  the  gorgeousness  of  his  equipage,  and  the  profuseness  of 
his  liberality.  In  politics  the  deceased  was  a  firm  and  consistent 
Conservative,  in  private  life  he  was  generous  without  ostentation, 
and  the  extent  of  his  liberality  was  commensurate  with  the  ample 
means  at  his  disposal.  The  duke  married,  in  1817,  Lady  Charlotte 
Forentia  Clive,  youngest  daughter  of  Earl  Powis,  a  lady  whose 
polished  manners  and  general  amiability  won  for  her  the  distin- 
guished office  of  governess  to  her  present  majesty.  February  19th, 
the  remains  of  his  grace  arrived  at  Newcastle,  on  their  way  to 


A.D.  1847.1 


REMARKABLE   ETENTS. 


215 


London,  for  interment  in  Westminster  Abbey.  The  mournful 
procession  was  met  on  the  Town  Moor  by  the  Mayor,  Sheriff,  and 
several  members  of  the  Town  Council  of  the  borough.  The  shops 
were  closed  throughout  the  town.  Minute  guns  were  fired  from 
the  Old  Castle,  and  the  flag  hung  half-staff  high.  About  thirty 
carriages  joined  in  the  procession,  together  with  200  horsemen. 
A  long  line  of  Newcastle  gentlemen,  including  some  members  of 
the  Society  of  Friends,  followed  the  hearse  on  foot  to  the  Gates- 
head  station,  where  the  Mayor  and  Corporation  were  also  in 
attendance,  Lord  Prudhoe  joined  the  train  at  Darlington,  to 
officiate  as  chief  mourner  at  the  interment,  which  took  place  on 
the  23rd  with  much  ceremony.  The  noble  family  of  Percy  is 
descended  from  Mainfred,  a  Danish  chieftain,  who  made  irruptions 
into  France  in  the  ninth  century,  and  whose  posterity,  settling  in 
Normandy,  took  their  name  from  their  domain  of  Percy,  in  that 
province.  William  de  Percy,  with  his  brother  Serio,  came  over 
to  England  with  the  Conqueror,  and  obtained  large  possessions  in 
York  and  Lincolnshire.  In  the  reign  of  Henry  II.,  Agnes,  heiress 
of  the  Percy  family,  married  Joceline  de  Loraine,  second  son  of 
Godfrey,  Duke  of  Brabant,  who  thereupon  assumed  the  name  of 
Percy.  Their  descendants  were  among  the  most  powerful  barons 
in  the  North  of  England. 


ALNWICK  CASTLE  AND  BRIDGE. 


1847  (February  14J. — An  accident  occurred  on  the  Newcastle 
and  North  Shields  Railway,  by  which  Mr.  William  Robson,  son 
of  Mr.  Robson,  draper,  Dean-street,  Newcastle,  was  killed.  It 


216  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [>.D.  1847. 

appeared  that  the  deceased,  being  late  on  reaching  the  Howden 
station,  ran  on  to  the  platform  without  paying  his  fare,  and,  as  the 
train  had  started,  he  proceeded  direct  to  a  carriage,  but  being  too 
precipitate  in  opening  the  door,  he  lost  his  balance,  and,  swinging 
round,  fell  underneath  the  carriages,  and  the  wheels  of  six  of 
them  went  over  his  legs  before  the  train  could  be  stopped.  He 
was  conveyed  to  Newcastle  with  all  possible  despatch,  but  before 
the  train  reached  the  station  he  had  breathed  his  last. 

1847  (February  23). — An  alarming  fire  occurred  this  afternoon  in 
the  premises  of  Messrs.  Copland  and  Jones,  wholesale  chemists, 
Sandhill,  Newcastle,  unfortunately  attended  with  loss  of  life.  Mr. 
Nicholas  Moody,  the  clerk,  and  a  labourer,  named  John  Bowman, 
were  engaged  in  sealing  a  carboy  of  turpentine  in  the  upper  storey 
of  the  premises,  when  the  liquid,  by  some  means,  took  fire,  and  the 
vessel  bursting  from  the  heat,  the  place  was  soon  in  one  body  of 
flame.  Mr.  Copland  and  an  assistant,  named  Lockey,  escaped  by 
jumping  out  of  a  window,  but  Moody  and  Bowman,  although  they 
succeeded  in  getting  down  stairs,  died  in  the  Infirmary  very  shortly 
after.  The  damage  was  estimated  at  upwards  of  £1,200. 

March  6. — The  drafts  of  the  North  of  England  Joint  Stock 
Bank  were  refused  payment  in  London,  and,  on  the  intelligence 
reaching  Newcastle  on  the  following  day,  the  greatest  consternation 
prevailed.  The  chief  office  of  the  company  was  in  the  Arcade, 
Newcastle,  but  it  had  branches  in  Sunderland,  North  and  South 
Shields,  Durham,  Berwick,  Morpeth,  Blyth,  Hexham,  Alnwick, 
and  Wooler.  The  bank  was  commenced  in  1832,  being  the  first 
on  the  joint  stock  principle  established  in  Newcastle,  its  nominal 
capital  being  £2,000,000,  in  20,000  shares  of  £100  each,  but  the 
amount  absolutely  paid  up  was  only  £31-0,755  on  18,096  shares, 
and  420  proprietors  were  on  the  register  at  the  time  of  the  failure. 
Very  heavy  losses  had  been  incurred  by  the  company  at  an  early 
period  of  its  existence,  and  it  subsequently  transpired  that  the  entire 
paid  up  capital  was  lost,  prior  to  1837.  The  liabilities  of  the 
concern,  when  the  suspension  occurred,  amounted  to  £1,864,854, 
and  the  deficiency  was  then  estimated  at  £144,493,  but  that  sum 
proved  to  be  only  about  one-third  of  the  actual  loss  borne  by  the 
shareholders.  All  attempts  to  raise  the  required  amount,  by 
voluntary  calls,  proved  ineffectual,  and  the  bank  was  placed  under 
the  powers  of  the  Joint  Stock  Companies'  Winding- Up  Act  in 
November,  1848,  three  official  managers,  Messrs.  Henderson, 
Hewson,  and  Ross,  being  appointed.  A  call  of  £30  per  share, 
made  by  them,  produced  £240,000 ;  a  second  call  of  £20  realized 
£100,000;  and  a  third  of  £15,  £35,000,  the  diminished  amount 
showing  the  exhausted  condition  of  the  unfortunate  shareholders. 
In  June,  1855,  £3  per  share  were  returned  to  the  comparatively 
small  number  of  persons  who  had  paid  the  whole  of  the  calls,  and 
this  was  shortly  afterwards  followed  by  a  second  return  of  £5,  and 
a  third  of  £7  per  share. 

March  20.— This  morning,  about  nine  o'clock,  a  fatal  boiler 
explosion  occurred  at  Burradon  Colliery,  iiear  Newcastle.  A  few 


A.D.    1847.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  217 

minutes  previous  to  the  occurrence,  the  engineman,  on  examining 
the  floa^  found  the  water  more  than  a  foot  above  the  working 
mark,  but,  as  the  steam  was  low,  he  gave  directions  to  the  stoker, 
Robert  Thompson,  to  raise  the  fires,  soon  after  which  the  boiler 
suddenly  burst  with  a  tremendous  noise,  carrying  away  part  of  the 
engine-house  and  chimney,  killing  three  persons,  and  injuring,  more 
or  less,  several  of  the  workmen  at  the  shaft.  The  engineman 
escaped,  though  much  scalded  and  bruised,  but  the  stoker,  a  female, 
named  Margaret  Proctor,  and  a  boy,  named  James  Gordon,  were 
killed  on  the  spot. 

1847  (March  25J.— The  Right  Hon.  George  Dawson,  one  of  the 
Commissioners  of  Her  Majesty's  Customs,  met,  by  appointment  at 
the  Custom  House,  Newcastle,  deputations  from  the  Corporation, 
and  the  Chamber  of  Commerce  of  Newcastle,  and  the  shipowners 
and  merchants  of  North  and  South  Shields,  to  consider  the 
applications  for  increased  Custom  House  facilities  at  the  latter 
place.  The  Newcastle  deputation  consisted  of  the  Mayor,  the 
Town  Clerk,  Aid.  Hodgson,  Mr.  Armstrong,  Mr.  R.  Plummer, 
Mr.  W.  H.  Brockett,  Mr.  W.  B.  Hunter,  Mr.  John  Jobling,  Mr. 
S.  Lowery,  &c.,  and  that  from  Shields  consisted  of  Mr.  Mitcalfe, 
M.P.,  Mr.  Dale,  Mr.  Linskill,  Mr.  Barker,  Mr.  Crighton,  Mr. 
Leitch,  Mr.  Pow,  Mr.  Shotton,  Mr.  Dryden,  Mr.  C.  Laws,  Mr. 
Spencer,  Mr.  Anderson,  Mr.  Marshall,  Mr.  Swinburne,  &c.  It 
was  ultimately  decided  that  those  gentlemen  should  meet  a  deputa- 
tion of  Newcastle  merchants  to  discuss  the  subject,  and  on  the 
following  day,  it  was  determined,  without  any  dissent,  that  the  port 
of  Newcastle  should  remain  undivided,  but  that  auxiliary  establish- 
ments should  be  formed  at  North  and  South  Shields,  affording  the 
same  facilities  to  merchants  in  those  towns  as  were  possessed  by 
persons  resident  in  Newcastle.  A  document  to  this  effect  was 
signed  by  all  the  parties  present,  and  it  was  laid  before  Mr.  Dawson, 
on  the  27th,  when  that  gentleman  expressed  his  gratification  at  the 
harmonious  result  of  their  deliberations, 

March. — About  this  time.  Messrs.  Carr  &  Co.  had  in  their 
possession,  at  the  Mansion  House,  in  the  Close,  Newcastle,  an  oak 
tree,  containing  upwards  of  three  hundred  cubic  feet  of  timber — 
most  of  it  sound — which  had  recently  been  extricated  from  the  bed 
of  the  river  Tyne,  where  it  must  have  been  for  many  centuries. 

April  17. — A  serious  accident  occurred  at  the  Crookhall  Iron 
Works,  near  Shotley  Bridge,  by  which  six  persons  were  killed 
and  several  others  seriously  injured.  It  appeared  that  an  old 
man  and  his  daughter,  ballad  singers,  went  to  the  works  and  were 
engaged  in  amusing  the  men  with  a  song  when  the  boiler  suddenly 
burst  with  a  tremendous  explosion  killing  the  old  man  and  his 
daughter,  the  fireman,  two  of  the  workmen,  and  a  stranger. 
The  boiler  was  torn  to  pieces  and  portions  of  it  were  blown  an, 
immense  distance. 

April  20. — A  young  man,  named  John  Bourne,  respectably 
attired,  took  up  his  residence  at  Mr.  John  Cox's,  Ord's  Arms  Inn, 
Scotswood,  near  Newcastle,  for  the  ostensible  purpose  of  being 

El 


213  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OF  [>.D.  1847. 

trained  by  Henry  Clasper  to  row  a  skiff  match  at  Manchester, 
and  Mr.  Cox,  in  order  to  make  him  comfortable,  gave  up  his 
own  sleeping  apartment  in  which  was  a  chest  of  drawers  con- 
taining a  sum  of  money  amounting  to  upwards  of  £200.  Bourne  s 
deportment,  altogether,  was  such  that  not  the  slightest  suspicion 
was  attached  to  his  proceedings  until  this  afternoon,  when  the 
drawer  containing  the  money,  together  with  a  cash  box  m  which 
it  was  deposited,  were  found  to  have  been  broken  open,  and  the 
entire  contents  taken  away.  Information  of  the  robbery,  with  a 
full  description  of  Bourne,  was  conveyed  to  Mr.  Stephens,  the 
superintendent  of  police  at  Newcastle,  who  immediately  put  into 
operation  the  electric  telegraph.  On  Bourne  making  his  appear- 
ance on  the  platform  at  Normanton  Station,  he  was  immediately 
taken  into  custody  with  the  whole  of  the  money  in  his  possession. 
He  was  tried  at  the  Northumberland  Midsummer  Sessions  and 
sentenced  to  ten  years'  transportation. 

1847  (April  26> — Mr.  Thomas  Harrison,  a  respectable  plumber 
and  glazier  in  Alnwick,  60  years  of  age,  committed  suicide  this 
morning  whilst  in  a  depressed  state  of  mind,  arising  from  his 
heavy  liabilities,  as  a  shareholder,  in  the  North  of  England  Joint 
Stock  Bank. 

^[ay  7. — A  fatal  accident  occurred  at  Messrs.  Spoor's  file 
manufactory,  Hanover-square,  Newcastle.  One  of  the  workmen, 
named  Thomas  Stockdale,  aged  31,  while  at  work  at  a  large 
grindstone,  which  was  turned  by  the  factory  engine,  injudiciously 
allowed  it  to  go  at  too  much  speed,  when,  suddenly,  it  split  in 
three  pieces,  one  part  ascending  upwards  with  such  force  that  it 
broke  through  the  roof,  the  second  downwards  through  the  floor, 
and  the  third  struck  Stockdale  on  the  forehead  and  killed  him  on 
the  spot,  while  his  wife  who  was  standing  by  his  side  escaped 
unhurt. 

May  19. — An  old  man,  named  Archibald  Elliott,  but  better 
known  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Morpeth  as  "  Auld  Archie,"  waa 
drowned  in  a  stream  near  Ulgham,  whilst  conveying  the  mail  bags 
to  that  place.  He  was  a  curious  little  deformed  old  man,  84 
years  of  age,  and,  although  unable  either  to  read  or  write,  none 
could  deliver  a  message  better,  and  seldom,  if  ever,  did  he  make  a 
mistake  with  any  letters  entrusted  to  his  keeping,  which  showed 
his  wonderful  memory,  as  it  was  only  by  the  size  or  shape  of  a 
letter  that  he  could  tell  who  it  belonged  to  or  from  whom  he  had 
received  it.  He  was  only  four  feet  in  height,  and  had  carried  the 
mail  between  Morpeth  and  Widdrington,  with  the  assistance  of 
his  ass  "  Billy,'*  for  upwards  of  thirty  years. 

June  16. — A  groom,  named  Nicholas  Morrow,  in  the  service 
of  Miss  Walters,  Whickham,  near  Gateshead,  absconded,  taking 
with  him  two  sovereigns  belonging  to  his  mistress.  Nothing  was 
heard  of  him  until  the  19th,  when,  in  consequence  of  the  house 
having  been  entered  during  the  night,  and  Miss  Walters'  cash  box, 
containing  £20,  and  a  number  of  jewels  to  the  value  of  £400, 
having  been  taken  away,  suspicion  fell  upon  the  lad.  Superinten- 


A.D.   1847.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  219 

dent  Hall  was  informed  of  the  robbery,  and  in  a  short  time 
Morrow  was  traced  to  the  Crown  Inn,  South  Shields,  where  he 
had  displayed  a  purse  containing  a  large  sum  of  money.  He  was 
immediately  conveyed  to  prison,  and  on  searching  him  upwards  of 
£144  and  some  silver  was  found  upon  him,  as  well  as  a  pistol, 
spyglass,  and  patent  lever  watch. 

1847  (June  17)  — Died,  at  North  Shields,  Mr.  Joseph  Laing.  jun., 
solicitor  and  bank  agent.  The  deceased  was  an  enthusiastic 
admirer  of  his  native  town,  and  was  at  all  times  foremost  in  the 
advocacy  of  any  measure  calculated  to  promote  the  comfort  and 
happiness  of  his  fellow  townsmen.  To  him  the  borough  was 
principally  indebted  for  the  new  Town  Hall,  and  a  fine  bust  of 
him  was  afterwards  executed  at  the  cost  of  his  friends  and  placed 
in  that  building. 

June  22. — A  dreadful  explosion  took  place  at  the  Felling 
Colliery,  near  Gateshead,  the  property  of  Messrs.  Carr  and  Co., 
by  which  four  men,  two  boys,  eighteen  horses,  and  two  ponies 
were  killed.  Only  four  persons  in  the  mine  escaped  unhurt. 

June  22. — The  Newcastle  Races  commenced  this  day.  The 
North  Derby  was  won  by  Lord  Eglinton's  br  c  Van  Tromp, 
by  Lanercost  (Marson),  beating  Helias,  George  Hudson,  and 
Christopher.  The  Northumberland  Plate  was  won  by  Lord 
Eglinton's  b  c  Eyrx  (Prince),  beating  Executor,  Conjuror, 
Grimstone,  Inheritress,  and  ten  others.  The  Gold  Cup  was  won 
by  Mr.  Greene's  b  c  The  Conjuror,  beating  Grimstone,  Helias, 
Winesour,  and  Sir  Tatton  Sykes.  Grimstone  and  Conjuror  ran  a 
dead  heat.  The  Gold  Cup  was  substituted  by  a  silver  centre 
piece,  manufactured  by  Messrs.  Reid  and  Sons,  representing  an 
American  Indian  taming  a  wild  horse  on  the  prairies. 

June  25. — Died,  at  -Cologne,  aged  72,  Lieutenant- General  Sir 
Henry  Askew,  K.C.B.,  of  Pallinsburn,  Northumberland,  The 
deceased  entered  the  army  in  1793,  and  served  with  great  credit 
in  Flanders  and  the  Peninsula  and  at  the  battle  of  Waterloo.  His 
remains  were  interred  at  Ford  on  July  14th. 

July  1. — The  remaining  portion  of  the  Newcastle  and  Berwick 
Railway,  namely  from  Morpeth  to  Chathill,  was  opened  for 
public  traffic,  thus  completing  the  great  line  of  railway  communi- 
cation between  London  and  Edinburgh.  On  July  5th  the  mail 
coach  between  Newcastle  and  Edinburgh  arrived  in  the  former 
town  for  the  last  time,  after  being  established  sixty-one  years. 
The  pace  required  by  the  Post-office,  at  its  establishment,  in 
November,  1786,  was  seven  miles  an  hour,  and  no  innkeeper  in 
the  town  could  then  be  found  to  contract  for  a  speed  considered  so 
ruinous  to  horseflesh  except  the  landlord  of  the  Cock  Inn,  Head  of 
the  Side.  For  some  years  before  its  discontinuance  its  speed 
averaged  ten  miles  an  hour. 

July  17. — A  race,  between  the  Scottish  Maid  arid  Harvest 
Home  steamboats,  for  £50,  came  off  at  sea,  from,  the  Herd  buoy, 
at  the  mouth  of  the  Tyne,  to  the  buoy  off  Sunderland  bar  and  back, 
a  distance  of  about  12  miles.  As  this  was  the  first  match  between 


223  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1847. 

two  Tyne  boats,  considerable  interest  was  excited,  which  was 
increased  by  the  fact  that,  independent  of  the  wager,  it  was  a 
trial  of  the  capabilities  of  the  builders  and  engine-makers  of  the 
respective  boats.  The  Scottish  Maid,  owned  by  Mr.  A.  Strong, 
was  built  by  Mr.  James  Dovvey,  and  the  engines  were  fitted  up  by 
Messrs.  Conolly  and  Scott.  The  Harvest  Home,  the  property  of 
Mr.  Joseph  Hall,  was  built  by  Mr.  William  Cooper,  and  the  engines 
fitted  up  by  Mr.  J.  Almond,  all  of  North  Shields.  The  boats  were 
alike  in  size,  with  25-inch  cylinders  to  the  engines,  equal  to  22 
horse  power.  The  Harvest  Home  had  the  call  in  the  betting  at 
5  to  4.  They  went  off  with  considerable  swiftness,  leaving  all  the 
other  boats  behind,  some  of  them  of  40-horse  power.  After  a 
gallant  run,  the  Scottish  Maid  came  back  a  winner  by  about  half- 
a-mile.  The  distance  was  gone  over  in  one  hour  and  twelve 
minutes. 

1847  (July  23). — This  day  Parliament  was  dissolved  and  writs 
were  immediately  issued  for  the  new  elections.  The  following 
was  the  result  in  this  district : — 

NEWCASTLE. 

The  nomination  of  candidates  took  place  on  the  28th,  before 
the  sheriff,  Joseph  Crawshay,  esq.  Mr.  Alderman  Potter  pro- 
posed, and  Mr.  John  Thomas  Carr  seconded,  William  Ord,  esq. 
Mr.  Alderman  Lamb  proposed,  and  Mr.  John  Rayne  seconded, 
Thomas  Emerson  Headlam,  esq.  Mr.  John  Cookson  proposed, 
and  Mr.  Robert  Plummer  seconded,  Richard  Hodgson,  esq.  The 
candidates  having  addressed  the  electors,  the  show  of  hands  was 
declared  to  be  in  favour  of  Mr.  Ord  and  Mr.  Headlam,  and  the 
poll,  on  the  following  day,  closed  with  a  similar  result,  the  num- 
bers being  Ord,  2,196  ;  Headlam,  2,068  ;  Hodgson,  1,680. 

GATESHEAD. 

July  28. — Mr.  Hutt  was  returned  without  opposition. 

TYNEMOUTH. 

July  28. — R.  W.  Grey,  esq.,  of  Chipchase,  was  elected  without 
opposition. 

BERWICK. 

William  Henry  Miller,  esq,,  Matthew  Forster,  esq.,  and  John 
Campbell  Renton,  esq.,  were  the  candidates.  The  following  was 
the  result :— Forster,  484  ;  Renton,  463;  Miller,  151. 

SOUTH  SHIELDS. 

July  29.— John  Twizell  Wawn,  esq.,  was  proposed  by  Mr.  A. 
Harrison  and  seconded  by  Mr.  S.  Skee.  W.  Whately,  esq.,  Q.C., 
was  proposed  by  Mr.  J.  W.  Roxby  and  seconded  by  Mr.  W. 
Marshall.  A  person,  named  Thomas  Dickinson,  a  chartist,  well 
known  as  "  The  Manchester  Packer"  was  proposed  by  Mr.  W. 
Brown  and  seconded  by  Mr.  Gilroy.  The  show  of  hands  was  in 
favour  of  Dickinson  who  retired,  and  the  poll,  on  the  following 
day,  was  as  follows  :— Wawn,  333  j  Whately,  176. 


A.D.  1847-]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  221 

DURHAM. 

1847  (July  29). — Mr.  Henry  Marshall  proposed  Thomas  Colpitts 
Granger,  esq.,  who  was  seconded  by  Mr.  Mark  Stobart.  Mr.  A. 
Wilkinson  proposed,  and  Mr.  G.  Shaw  seconded,  Captain  David 
Edward  Wood.  Mr.  John  Henderson  proposed,  and  Mr.  Alder- 
man Shields  seconded,  Henry  John  Spearman,  esq.  At  the  close 
of  the  poll,  on  the  30th,  the  numbers  were  : — Granger,  595  ; 
Spearman,  519  ;  Wood,  450. 

MORPETH. 

July  30. — There  being  no  contest  for  this  borough  the  Hon.  E. 
G.  G.  Howard  was  re-elected. 

SUNDERLAND. 

August  2. — Dr.  Brown  proposed  David  Barclay,  esq.,  who  was 
seconded  by  Mr.  James  Allison.  Mr.  J.  J.  Wright  proposed 
George  Hudson,  esq.,  and  Mr.  R.  Spoor  seconded  the  nomination. 
Mr.  W.  Mordey  proposed,  arid  Mr.  J.  Wilson  seconded,  William 
Arthur  Wilkinson,  esq.  At  the  close  of  the  poll  the  numbers 
were :— Hudson,  878  ;  Barclay,  646  ;  Wilkinson,  569. 

DURHAM-NORTHERN  DIVISION. 

August  3. — This  election  took  place  before  the  high  sheriff, 
John  Fawcett,  esq.,  when  Robert  Duncombe  Shafto,  esq.,  and 
Viscount  Seaham  were  unanimously  elected.  The  Hon.  H.  T. 
Liddell  and  Colonel  Beckwith  who  had  been  candidates  withdrew 
a  few  days  before, 

DURHAM -SOUTHERN  DIVISION. 

August  5. — Lord  Harry  Vane  and  James  Farrer,  esq.,  were 
elected  without  opposition. 

NORTHUMBERLAND— SOUTHERN  DIVISION. 

August  5. — Matthew  Bell,  esq.,  and  Saville  H.  C.  Ogle,  esq., 
were  re-elected  without  opposition. 

NORTHUMBERLAND— NORTHERN  DIVISION. 

August  7. — The  nomination  of  candidates  took  place  at  Alnwick, 
before  the  high  sheriff,  J.  H.  H.  Atkinson,  esq.,  and  intense 
interest  was  excited,  not  only  in  the  district  but  throughout  the 
kingdom.  Mr.  C.  W.  Orde  proposed,  and  Mr.  B.  Burrell  seconded, 
Lord  Ossulston.  Mr.  O.  A.  B.  Cresswell  nominated,  and  Mr.  F. 
Sitwell  seconded,  Lord  Lovaine.  Lord  Frederick  Fitzclarence 
proposed,  and  Mr.  Prideaux  Selby  seconded,  Sir  George  Grey, 
bart.  At  the  conclusion  of  the  polling,  which  took  place  on  the 
10th  and  llth,  the  result  was  as  follows  : — Grey,  1,366  ;  Ossul- 
ston, 1,247  ;  Lovaine,  1,236. 

August  9. — This  evening  the  paper  manufactory  of  Messrs.  N. 
Grace  and  Co.,  at  Scotswood,  near  Newcastle,  was  discovered  to 
be  on  fire,  and,  although  several  fire-engines  were  immediately 
despatched  from  Newcastle,  the  flames  consumed  the  whole  of  the 
premises.  The  stock  and  valuable  machinery  were  also  destroyed, 


222  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  fA.D.    1847. 

and  the  damage  was  estimated  at  upwards  of  £8,000.  The  fire 
blazed  with  great  fury  for  some  time  and  attracted  spectators  for 
miles  around. 

1847  (August  9). — A  melancholy  accident  occurred  to  Mary 
Bell,  a  servant  at  the  Half-Moon  Inn,  Mosley-street,  Newcastle, 
who,  while  cleaning  a  second  story  window,  missed  her  hold  and 
fell  on  to  the  pavement.  She  was  immediately  taken  to  the 
Infirmary  but  died  in  a  few  hours. 

September  2. — Married,  at  Wynyard,  by  the  Bishop  of  Durham, 
the  Earl  of  Portarlington  to  the  Lady  Alexandrina  Vane, 
second  daughter  of  the  Marquis  of  Londonderry.  Amongst 
the  company  present  were  the  Dukes  of  Rutland,  Cleveland,  and 
Devonshire,  Viscounts  Somerton,  Dungannon,  and  Combermere, 
Lords  Belhaven  and  Eliot,  Sir  Robert  Peel,  Sir  J.  W.  Hogg,  &c., 
&c.  A  grand  banquet  was  given  in  the  evening  to  the  distinguished 
visitors,  and  on  the  following  day  a  splendid  ball  and  supper  were 
prepared,  to  which  all  the  leading  inhabitants  of  the  district  were 
invited. 

September  8. — A  public  dinner  was  given  in  the  Turk's  Head 
Inn,  in  commemoration  of  the  election  of  Messrs.  Ord  and 
Headlam  as  members  for  Newcastle,  and  generally  to  celebrate 
the  triumph  of  the  Liberal  principles  in  the  district.  Ralph  Carr, 
esq.,  of  Dunstan  Hill,  presided,  and  the  vice-chairs  were  occupied 
by  Sir  John  Fife,  Mr.  Alderman  Losh,  Mr.  G-.  Fenwick,  and  Mr. 
John  Blackwell.  Upwards  of  260  gentlemen  were  present,  and 
the  proceedings  were  very  animated. 

September  17. — Two  men,  named  Thomas  Dobinson  and  Walter 
Murray,  descended  the  pump  shaft  of  Percy  Main  Colliery, 
near  North  Shields,  for  the  purpose  of  examining  the  pumping 
gear  which  is  used  for  the  purpose  of  drawing  the  water  from  the 
mine.  The  men  who  undertake  this  job  are  lowered  down  by 
means  of  a  gin  rope,  wrought  with  horses,  and,  to  facilitate  the 
intercourse  with  the  surface  a  string  leads  up  the  shaft  to  a  bell. 
Having  completed  their  work,  they  gave  the  signal  to  pull  up. 
The  horses  went  to  their  work  and  the  rope  ascended,  when 
suddenly  something  seemed  to  check  it,  the  horses  put  forth  their 
strength,  and  the  rope  came  up  without  the  men.  It  was  broken, 
and  a  frightful  calamity  had  happened,  the  rope  having  got 
entangled  in  the  scaffolding.  They  were  lulled  on  the  spot. 

September  25. — An  alarming  fire  broke  out  in  the  farm-yard 
of  Mr.  Goundry,  a  respectable  farmer,  residing  at  the  village  of 
Westoe,  near  South  Shields.  It  appeared  that  a  chimney 
belonging  to  a  cottage  immediately  adjoining  the  farm-yard  was 
on  fire,  and  a  spark  was  seen  by  Fenwick  Shotton,  mason,  to  fall 
on  the  thatched  roof  of  the  thrashing  machine,  and  set  it  on  fire. 
The  flames,  notwithstanding  every  exertion  to  stay  their  progress, 
spread  rapidly  towards  the  corn  stacks,  and  set  one  on  fire.  The 
wind,  blowing  strong  at  the  time,  increased  the  force  of  the 
devouring  element,  until  all  the  stacks  in  the  yard  and  a  large  barn 
were,  one  after  another,  set  on  fire.  Nothing  could  withstand  the 


A.D.  1847.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  223 

fury  of  the  flames.  The  whole  produce  of  a  harvest,  amounting  to 
fifteen  stacks  of  corn  and  three  of  hay,  with  the  barn  and  thrashing 
machine,  were  on  fire  at  one  moment.  During  the  progress  of  the 
fire  several  persons  entered  Mr.  Goundry's  house  and  proceeded  to 
throw  the  furniture  into  the  street,  and  pulled  down  the  doors  and 
tore  out  the  windows,  breaking  and  destroying  everything  in  their 
way,  making  the  house  a  complete  wreck.  Portions  of  the  goods 
were  also  stolen,  and  persons  were  seen  carrying  away  boxes  and 
other  pieces  of  furniture  through  the  fields  to  South  Shields.  The 
property  was  uninsured,  but  a  handsome  subscription  was  raised 
for  the  unfortunate  sufferer. 

1847  (September  27). — Died,  in  Newcastle,  William  Maclaclan,  an 
eccentric  character,  better  known  in  the  town  and  neighbourhood 
by  the  cognomen  of  "  Cuddie  Willie."  He  was  generally  seen 
wandering  amongst  the  low  public  houses  of  the  town,  and  gained 
a  precarious  subsistence  as  an  itinerant  musician,  his  violin  being 
generally  formed  of  a  flat  uncouth-looking  piece  of  wood,  upon 
which  he  contrived  to  fasten  one  or  two  strings.  He  was  scarcely 
ever  seen  to  wear  either  a  hat  or  shoes,  and  if  decent  clothing  were 
given  to  him  it  was  generally  made  away  with  for  liquor,  of  which 
he  was  immoderately  fond.  All  efforts  to  reclaim  him  proved 
entirely  fruitless,  and  his  death  was  at  last  caused  by  a  prolonged 
fit  of  drunkenness, 

September  29. — A  remarkable  case  of  fraud  and  imposture 
was  brought  before  Mr.  Commissioner  Evans  in  the  Bankruptcy 
Court.  A  Mr.  Donald  Maclean,  who  had,  in  1839,  purchased  the 
Witton  Castle  estate  of  Sir  William  Chaytor  for  £100,000,  was 
the  bankrupt.  Although  the  money  was  never  paid  during  his 
residence  at  Witton,  he  took  an  active  part  in  the  affairs  and  trade 
of  the  county,  and  maintained  a  splendid  establishment.  In  1846 
Mr.  Maclean  agreed  to  pay  to  Mr.  Brett,  a  picture  dealer,  £7,000 
for  Titian's  picture  called  the  "  Six  Cassars,"  and  Murillo's 
"  Abraham  and  the  Angels."  An  arrangement  was  made,  by  which 
Mr.  Maclean  was  to  deliver,  in  payment  of  the  money,  20,000  tons 
of  coal,  at  7s.  a  ton,  for  a  French  railway  with  which  Mr.  Brett  was 
connected.  Fortunately  for  the  latter,  he  discovered  the  state  of 
Mr.  Maclean's  affairs  before  the  pictures  were  delivered,  and  con- 
sequently retained  them.  In  a  case  heard  in  the  Bail  Court  on  the 
27th  April,  1847,  in  which  Mr.  Brett  was  sued  for  payment  of 
£350,  on  a  promissory  note,  given  as  a  commission  to  a  Mr. 
Gomperty  on  account  of  the  above  abortive  sale,  it  was  stated  that 
Mr.  Maclean  had  become  a  bankrupt,  but  had  gone  abroad,  and 
had  never,  under  pretence  of  illness,  surrendered  to  the  fiat,  but 
was  enjoying  himself  in  Lucca,  Naples,  or  some  other  part  of  Italy, 
and  in  good  health.  It  was  stated  that  his  debts  amounted  to 
£180,000,  and  his  assets  scarcely  to  £100.  One  of  the  witnesses, 
Mr.  R.  Abraham,  said — "  I  am  a  shareholder  of  the  bank  of  which 
Mr.  Maclean  was  a  director.  It  is  the  Marylebone  Bank.  I  knew, 
after  investigating  the  accounts  of  the  bank  in  1842,  that  he  was 
in  embarrassed  circumstances.  He  had  never  any  property  of  his 


224 


HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF 


[A.D.  1847. 


own  at  all,  but  lived  on  the  credulity  and  property  of  others.  His 
debts  at  that  time  amounted  to  £78,000,  and  there  was  only  about 
£100  assets.  The  bank  was  insolvent  through  Mr.  Maclean's 
misconduct."  As  the  time  allowed  for  Mr.  Maclean's  surrender 
had  expired  on  the  preceding  day,  he  was  outlawed  in  the  usual 
form.  The  Witton  estate,  with  the  castle,  park,  and  domain,  the 
collieries,  advowsons,  and  tythe  rents  were  advertised  for  sale,  by 
an  order  of  the  High  Court  of  Chancery.  On  the  20th  September, 
1850,  Mrs.  Maclean  was  taking  a  drive  in  her  carriage,  at  Castel- 
lamore,  near  Naples,  when  the  horses  took  fright  and  ran  away. 
The  lady  was  consequently  thrown  from  the  carriage,  and  sustained 
such  severe  injuries  that,  after  lingering  a  few  hours,  she  expired. 
She  was  the  daughter  of  the  late  General  Maitland. 


WITTON  CASTLE,  DURHAM. 

1847  (October  21J. — Another  disastrous  bank  failure  took  place, 
the  Newcastle,  Shields,  and  Sunderland  Union  Joint  Stock 
Banking  Company  having  announced  to  the  public  that,  "  in 
consequence  of  the  extreme  difficulty  in  obtaining  discounts,  they 
were  under  the  painful  necessity  of  suspending  payment."  The 
bank  was  originally  a  private  one,  conducted  by  Messrs.  Chapman 
and  Co.,  and  became  a  joint  stock  establishment  in  1836.  The 
dividend  declared  by  Mr.  Chapman,  the  "  general  director,"  had 
never  been  less  than  10  per  cent,  per  annum,  besides  an  accumu- 
lated guarantee  fund  of  £60,000.  At  the  time  of  the  failure  there 
were  about  500  proprietors,  holding  30,480  shares  of  £10  each, 
one-half  of  which  amount  (£152,400)  was  paid  up.  It  had  branches 
in  Sunderland,  North  and  South  Shields,  Durham,  Alnwick,  and 
Berwick,  and  as  it  issued  its  own  notes  to  the  amount  of  about 
£75,000,  the  failure  caused  a  great  sensation  throughout  the 
district.  A  committee  of  the  shareholders  was  appointed,  who 
attempted  to  liquidate  the  liabilities  of  the  concern,  but  Mr. 


A,D.  1847.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS  225 

Chapman,  who  decamped,  and  many  other  persons,  having  refused 
to  make  any  payment  for  that  object,  on  the  25th  of  February, 
1853,  the  bank  was  placed  under  the  provisions  of  the  Winding-up 
Act,  and  a  call  of  £20,  made  by  the  official  managers,  would,  it 
was  expected,  pay  off  the  liabilities  of  the  concern,  and  possibly 
leave  a  considerable  balance. 

1847  (November  2). — Died,  in  Newcastle,  aged  41,  the  Right 
Rev.  Dr.  Riddell,  Roman  Catholic  Bishop  of  the  Northern  District. 
The  death  of  this  estimable  clergyman  was  caused  by  an  attack  of 
typhus  fever,  caught  while  assisting  his  clergy  in  the  arduous  duty 
of  attending  to  the  numerous  poor  belonging  to  his  denomination, 
who  were  then  suffering  under  that  malignant  malady.  The 
deceased  was  a  native  of  Northumberland,  and  connected  with  an 
ancient  family,  being  the  third  son  of  the  late  Ralph  Riddell,  esq., 
of  Felton  Park.  He  was  in  the  prime  of  life,  and  apparently 
remarkably  hale,  and  the  amiability  of  his  disposition  rendered 
him  beloved  by  his  friends  and  all  who  held  intercourse  with  him. 
November  8th,  the  remains  of  the  deceased  were  conveyed  from 
his  residence,  in  Charlotte-square,  to  the  chapel,  in  Clayton-street, 
the  procession  being  conducted  with  great  ceremony.  The  body 
lay  in  state  during  the  night,  and  the  following  day  the  interment 
took  place,  mass  being  performed  by  Cardinal  Wiseman, 
assisted  by  Bishop  Briggs,  of  York,  Bishop  Gillies,  of  Edinburgh, 
Bishop  Wareiug,  of  Northampton,  and  a  great  number  of  the 
clergy. 

November  2. — A  skiff  match  for  £200,  between  two  crack 
rowers  Clasper  and  Maddison,  took  place  on  the  river  Tyrie,  from 
Newcastle  Bridge  to  Scotswood.  After  an  exciting  race — a  foul 
having  occurred  on  the  previous  day — Maddison  won  by  nearly 
100  yards. 

November  9. — The  annual  election  of  chief  magistrates  for  the 
boroughs  in  Northumberland  and  Durham  took  place,  with  the 
following  result : — Newcastle — Stephen  Lowrey  esq.,  mayor  (after 
two  abortive  elections,  first  of  George  Thomas  Dunn  and  after- 
wards of  Mr.  Joseph  Lamb)  ;  J.  D.  Weatherley,  esq.,  sheriff. 
Gateshead — John  Potts,  esq.  Sunderland — Sir  Hedworth  William- 
eon,  bart.  Durham — Mark  Story,  esq.  Stockton — John  Eeles, 
esq.  Morpeth — Anthony  Charlton,  esq.  Berwick — William  Smith, 
esq.,  mayor ;  G.  Ker  Nicholson,  esq.,  sheriff. 

November  20. — Died,  in  Newcastle,  John  Brandling,  esq.,  aged 
74,  third  son  of  the  late  Charles  Brandling,  esq.,  of  Gosforth,  and 
for  many  years  an  alderman,  both  of  the  old  and  the  reform 
Corporations  of  Newcastle.  He  served  the  office  of  mayor  in 
1832-3. 

November  28. — Died,  in  Sunderland  Infirmary,  aged  48,  Mr. 
John  Wilson  Ewbank,  R.S.A.  The  deceased  was  born  in 
Darlington,  and  being  intended  for  the  Roman  Catholic  priesthood, 
he  was  sent  when  young  to  Ushaw  College,  from  which  he 
absconded,  and  when  about  fourteen  years  old  he  apprenticed 
himself  to  Henry  Coulson,  decorative  painter,  in  Newcastle,  with 

F  1 


22S  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.0.  1847. 

whom  he  rapidly  showed  gleams  of  surprising  ability.  Before  the 
close  of  his  apprenticeship  he  accompanied  his  master  to  Edinburgh, 
where  he  studied  under  Nasmyth,  and  his  beautiful  sketches,  which 
were  executed  with  extraordinary  ease  and  rapidity,  soon  made  his 
name  famous  in  the  northern  capital.  In  1823,  when  he  painted 
"  George  IV.  at  Edinburgh  Castle"  and  a  "  View  of  Edinburgh 
from  Inchkeith,"  his  fame  was  at  its  zenith,  and  so  many  pupils 
flocked  to  his  rooms  that  some  years  his  profits  exceeded  £3,000. 
But,  unfortunately,  as  prosperity  met  him  moral  fortitude  retreated, 
and  he  fell,  day  by  day,  into  habits  of  dissipation,  from  which  no 
efforts  of  his  friends  were  ever  able  to  extricate  him.  During  the 
latter  part  of  his  life  his  house  was  literally  the  abode  of  want :  a 
single  chair  was  often  the  only  article  of  furniture,  and  to  defray 
the  expense  of  a  meal  it  was  frequently  necessary  for  him  to  throw 
off  some  hasty  sketch,  and  sell  it  for  anything  obtainable  at  the 
moment.  Any  surplus,  however  small,  went  for  drink,  and  his 
dissipated  recklessness  was  the  ultimate  ruin  of  himself  and  family, 
and  at  length  brought  him  to  a  premature  grave. 

1847  (December    19).— Died,    in   Newcastle,    Mr.   Thomas    O. 
Blackett,  surveyor,  author  of  a  "  Treatise  on  the  Spirit  Level"  and 
other  scientific  works.     His  death  was  occasioned  by  an  accident 
on  the  Newcastle  and  Carlisle  Railway,  on  the  12th  instant.     The 
deceased  had  been  on  a  visit  to  some  friends,  at  Prudhoe,  and 
passing  along  the  line  at  that  place,  a  train  approached  unheard, 
knocked  him  down,  and  his  arm  falling  upon  the  rail,  the  whole 
train  passed  over  it,  nearly  severing  it  from  his  body. 

December  25. — This  being  the  day  on  which  John  Collingwood, 
esq.,  of  Cornhill  and  Lowick  estates,  attained  his  majority,  the 
happy  event  was  celebrated  by  the  tenantry  and  others  dining 
together  in  the  Collingwood  Arms  Inn,  Mr.  James  Curry,  Cornhill, 
in  the  chair,  Mr.  George  Philips  croupier. 

1848  (January  18). — Died,  at  Hurworth,  aged  100,  Mr.  John 
Banks. 

January  19. — Died,  at  Whitworth  Park,  Durham,  aged  72, 
Robert  Eden  Duncombe  Shafto,  esq.,  M.P.  for  the  city  of  Durham 
from  1804  to  1806. 

February  1. — A  melancholy  occurrence  happened  this  morning 

off  Cullercoats.     As  a  coble,  containing   seven  fishermen,   viz., 

George  Lisle  and  Robert  Lisle,  brothers  ;  Robert  Lisle  and  George 

Lisle,   sons   of   the   above   George    Lisle;  Robert  Clark,  James 

Stocks,  and  Charles  Pearson,  was  proceeding  from  Cullercoats  to 

the  several  vessels  lying  in  the  offing,  the  boat  was  struck  by  a 

heavy  sea,  and  the  unfortunate  men  were  thrown  overboard  and 

drowned,  in  the  sight  of  their  relatives  and  friends.     The  most 

lamentable  fate  was  that  of  Stocks.     He  was  a  bold  swimmer,  and 

though  he  was  washed  off  the  coble  bottom  several  times  always 

ot  back  to  it.     The  last  time  he  was  on  the  coble  he  stripped  off 

is  jacket  and  waistcoat  and  prepared  to  swim  ashore,  as  the  coble 

I  then  approached  to  the  rocks.  He  was  so  near  that  his  brother 

routed  to  him,  «  Jim,  swim  ashore."    Stocks  answered,  « I'm 


A.D.  1848.] 


REMARKABLE  EVENTS. 


227 


done,  I'm  done,"  and,  after  combating  awhile  with  the  sea,  he 
hung  his  head  and  sunk.  A  handsome  subscription  was  made  for 
the  families  of  the  sufferers. 

1848  (February  2), — A  man,  named  John  Shirley,  head  game- 
keeper to  the  Duke  of  Cleveland,  was  shot  this  evening  by  a  party 
of  poachers,  in  an  affray  near  Raby  Castle,  and  afterwards  beaten 
by  them  so  dreadfully  that  he  died  within  a  few  hours.  Two 
men,  named  William  Thompson  and  William  Dowson,  were 
convicted  before  Baron  Alderson,  at  Durham,  on  the  8th  of 
March,  and  Thompson  was  executed  for  the  offence  on  the  25th. 
Dowson  was  transported  for  life. 


BABY  CASTLE. 


February  4 — The  foundation-stone  of  the  new  docks  at 
Sunderland  was  laid  with  much  ceremony  by  Mr.  George  Hudson, 
M.P.  The  event  was  celebrated  with  much  rejoicing  by  the 
inhabitants,  all  places  of  business  were  closed,  and  the  day  was  kept 
as  an  entire  holiday.  Shortly  after  one  o'clock  a  procession,  con- 
sisting of  the  mayor,  magistrates,  and  members  of  the  corporation, 
the  directors  and  shareholders  of  the  company,  and  others,  accom- 
panied by  music  and  banners,  walked  from  the  exchange  buildings 
to  the  site  of  the  docks,  and  the  usual  ceremony  was  then  gone 
through,  amidst  enthusiastic  cheers.  In  the  evening  a  grand  ball 
took  place  in  the  Athenaeum,  which  was  attended  by  upwards  of 
1,000  ladies  and  gentlemen. 

February. — As  a  scullerboat,  containing  seven  boiler-builders, 
was  crossing  the  Tyne,  from  North  to  South  Shields,  a  steamer, 
called  the  Alice,  which  was  going  down  the  river  without  any 
lookout,  ran  down  the  boat,  and  four  of  the  men  were  drowned. 
Their  names  were  Robert  Hardy,  Robert  Gustard,  George  Fairless, 
and  Robert  Blenkinsop,  the  scullerman. 


228  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OP  [A.D.  1848. 

1848  (February  19> — This  morning,  at  ten  minutes  to  twelve 
o'clock,  an  express  train,  arranged  by  Messrs.  Smith  and  Sons, 
newsagents,  London,  arrived  at  the  Gateshead  Station,  with  the 
financial  statement  of  Lord  John  Russell  and  the  debate  in  parlia- 
ment of  the  evening  previous.  The  distance  from  the  metropolis 
to  Gateshead  having  been  performed  in  six  hours  and  twenty 
minutes. 

February  22.— As  a  party  of  workmen  were  proceeding  from 
Newcastle  to  one  of  the  coffer-dams  for  the  High  Level  Bridge, 
the  boat,  in  which  they  were  conveyed,  from  overcrowding,  upset, 
and  four  of  the  men  w|re  drowned.  Their  names  were  Robert 
Potts,  Shotton  Clark,  Michael  Jones,  and  R.  Humble. 

March  7. — Died,  in  Blackett-street,  Newcastle,  in  his  64th 
year,  Mr.  Thomas  Miles  Richardson,  artist.  Mr.  Richardson  began 
the  world  as  a  humble  mechanic,  and  owed  all  after-success  to 
inborn  genius  and  undoubted  taste.  Like  most  beginners  he  had 
to  struggle  for  a  livelihood,  and  taught  drawing  for  several  years. 
The  talent  of  Richardson  was  of  a  high  order  in  the  art  of  land- 
scape painting,  for,  though  he  occasionally  painted  figure  pictures, 
his  fame  will  rest  on  his  landscapes,  and  reflect  honour  on  his 
native  town.  Eminently  skilled  in  lunar  ariel  perspective,  no 
hand  could  reduce  nature  more  accurately.  His  style  was  bold, 
effective,  and  original.  The  subjects  in  which  Richardson  most 
excelled  were  sea  pieces,  coast  scenes,  and  storms.  Tynemouth, 
Cullercoats,  and  views  near  the  mouth  of  the  Tyne,  were  among 
his  happiest  efforts.  His  first  remarkable  picture  was  "  Newcastle 
from  Gateshead  Fell,"  which  was  bought  by  the  Corporation  of 
his  native  town  for  fifty  guineas,  and  which  won  the  highest 
admiration  of  Sir  T.  Lawrence,  when  on  a  visit  at  the  Mansion 
House.  His  subsequent  works  were  so  exceedingly  numerous  as 
to  render  a  list  of  them  almost  impracticable.  His  conception  was 
always  good,  and  his  execution  vigorous  and  true  to  nature. 

March  7. — As  Mr.  John  Sinton,  miller,  Newcastle,  was 
proceeding  home,  at  the  high  end  of  Arthur's-hill,  near  Adrianople- 
street,  he  was  accosted  by  two  women,  who  inquired  if  they  were 
on  the  right  road  to  Hexham.  He  told  them  they  were,  when 
three  men  instantly  rushed  upon  him,  throwing  a  handkerchief 
over  his  head  and  face,  and  robbed  him  of  all  the  money  he  had 
upon  him,  four  sovereigns  and  fifteen  shillings  of  silver,  together 
with  a  bunch  of  keys  and  a  gold  ring.  The  thieves  were  never 
discovered. 

March  24. — Died,  at  Sunderland,  aged  103,  Mrs.  Ann  Cristle. 

March  27. — An  alarming  fire  was  discovered  this  morning, 
about  four  o'clock,  on  the  premises  occupied  by  Messrs.  Weather- 
hilt  and  Marshall,  drapers,  Market-place,  Barnard  Castle.  Mr. 
Weatherhilt  was  burnt  to  death,  but  Mr.  Marshall,  his  partner, 
escaped  unhurt  by  getting  upon  the  roof  of  an  adjoining  house. 
A  youth,  named  Loadman,  who  threw  himself  from  one  of  the 
window?,  was  much  hurt,  and  died  shortly  after. 

March   27.— Mr.  James  Mather  was  entertained  at  a  public 


A.D.  1848.] 


REMARKABLE   EVENTS. 


229 


dinner,  at  the  Golden  Lion  Hotel,  South  Shields,  by  the  ship- 
owners of  the  district,  for  his  exertions  in  support  of  the  navigation 
laws.  About  100  gentlemen  were  present,  the  chair  being  filled 
by  Robert  Anderson,  esq.,  and  the  vice-chairs  by  J.  Clay,  R.  H. 
Bell,  and  J.  R.  Robinson,  esqs. 

1848  (March  27). — Died,  in  London,  aged  47,  Mr.  John  Jackson, 
an  eminent  wood  engraver.  The  deceased  was  a  native  of 
Ovingham,  and  pupil  of  the  celebrated  Thomas  Bewick,  of  New- 
castle. In  1832  he  became  connected  with  Mr.  Knight  and  the 
"  Penny  Magazine,"  for  which  he  executed  many  fine  specimens 
of  his  art.  In  1838  he  published  a  laborious  monument  of  his 
own  ability  "  A  History  of  Wood  Engraving,"  the  literary  portion 
of  which  was  written  by  another  Northumbrian,  Mr,  W.  A. 
Chatto,  and  the  treatise  is  one  which  will  always  be  interesting  to 
the  admirers  of  art. 


OVINGHAM  CHURCH. 

March  30.— Died,  at  Harbottle  Castle,  aged  81,  Thomas 
Clennell,  esq.  The  deceased  was  for  many  years  chairman  of  the 
Northumberland  Quarter  Sessions,  and,  during  the  French  War, 
was  Lieutenant- Colonel  of  the  Newcastle  Volunteers.  He  was 
many  years  an  alderman  of  Newcastle  and  served  the  ofiice  of 
mayor  in  1802-3. 

April  5. — Died,  at  Barrington  Hall,  Robert  Ingram  Shafto,  esq. 

April  6. — This  day  the  inhabitants  of  North  Shields  held  a 
general  holiday,  and  great  rejoicings  took  place,  on  the  occasion  of 
the  opening  of  the  New  Custom  House  in  that  town.  The 
boundary  between  the  new  port  and  that  of  Newcastle  was  fixed 
to  be  a  supposed  straight  line,  drawn  from  the  east  end  of  Jarrow 
Quay  to  the  east  end  of  Whitehill  Point.  The  first  business  was 
transacted  by  Mr.  Michael  Spencer,  who  released  a  quantity  of 
tobacco  out  of  bond.  Each  hogshead  was  conveyed  to  its  destina- 
tion surmounted  by  a  flag,  and  drawn  by  a  horse  decorated  with 


230  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OF  f>.D.    1848. 

ribbons.  A  procession  of  the  inhabitants,  with  banners  and  music, 
passed  through  the  principal  streets  to  the  Northumberland  Arms, 
when  the  "  Port  of  Shields"  was  toasted  amidst  loud  cheering,  and 
the  rejoicings  were  wound  up  in  the  evening  by  a  display  of  fire- 
works. 

1848  (April  24). — A  Polytechnic  Exhibition,  on  behalf  of  the 
funds  of  the  Natural  History  and  Fine  Arts  Societies  in  Newcastle, 
was  opened  by  a  splendid  promenade  and  soiree.  The  arrangements 
were  almost  similar  to  those  made  in  1840  (seepage  128J,  and  the 
collection  on  that  occasion.  Mr.  W.  G.  Armstrong's  newly-invented 
hydraulic-engine  was  used  instead  of  a  steam-engine  for  putting 
the  various  machinery  in  motion,  and  its  novelty  attracted  much 
attention.  The  New  Music  Hall  was  also  appropriated  to  the 
exhibition,  where  were  collected  the  wonders  of  the  age — the 
achievements  of  genius— the  triumphs  of  science — the  results  of 
mind  combined  with  experience.  In  the  centre  was  a  large  fountain, 
the  water  from  which  ran  into  a  canal,  where  miniature  boats  were 
floating;  and  besides  which  were  a  number  of  models,  such  as  a 
diving-bell,  with  crane,  Barker's  water  mill,  a  series  of  wheels, 
an  overshot  breast  wheel  and  undershot,  all  contributed  by  Mr. 
G.  Simpson,  plumber,  &c.,  77,  Blandford -street,  Newcastle;  the 
model  of  a  pump,  very  ingenious,  by  Mr.  Richard  Ayre,  Newcastle ; 
a  distilling  apparatus,  by  Mr.  Gilpin,  chemist ;  a  hydraulic  fire- 
escape,  by  Mr.  Robert  Hall,  Newgate-street,  Newcastle,  &c.,  &c. 
The  exhibition  closed  on  the  2nd  of  October,  when  there  had  been 
101,518  single  admissions;  3,444  admissions  to  soirees;  and 
6,930  school  children,  &c. ;  whilst  the  sale  of  season  tickets  had 
reached  4,439.  The  exhibition,  however,  was  not  so  successful, 
in  a  pecuniary  point  of  view,  as  might  have  been  expected,  the 
profits  not  having  exceeded  £150. 

May  2. — The  Right  Worshipful  the  Mayor  of  Newcastle, 
accompanied  by  Mr.  William  Young,  the  senior  churchwarden  of 
St.  Nicholas',  and  Mr.  W.  Gibson,  the  treasurer  to  the  fund,  waited 
upon  the  Rev.  R.  C.  Coxe,  A.M.,  at  the  Vicarage,  and  presented 
him  with  the  sum  of  £450  as  a  voluntary  "  Easter  offering"  from 
the  inhabitants  of  the  town,  a  substantial  proof  of  the  estimation 
in  which  the  worthy  vicar  was  held.  A  similar  offering  had  been 
presented  in  the  three  previous  years,  arid  on  each  occasion  was 
subscribed  in  a  few  days. 

May  15. — Died,  in  the  Infirmary,  Newcastle,  aged  54,  John 
Dennis,  alias  "  Radical  Jack."  The  early  history  of  this  eccentric 
individual  is  not  known,  but  there  is  little  doubt  but  that  he 
belonged  to  a  family  of  respectability,  and  that  he  had  a  University 
education.  He  was  well  known  in  the  neighbourhood  as  a  hawker 
of  cheap  publications,  and  his  ready  wit,  stentorian  voice,  and 
great  command  of  language,  made  him  an  especial  favourite  with 
the  multitude.  For  many  years  he  hardly  ever  appeared  to  be 
sober,  but  by  the  persuasion  of  some  who  belonged  to  the  teetotal 
society  he  was  induced  to  take  the  pledge.  Whether  he  kept  his 
vow  to  the  last  is  difficult  to  say  ;  but  he  certainly  was  apparently 


A.D.  1848.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  231 

true  to  his  engagement  for  a  long  time  after  he  had  entered  into 
it,  and,  during  this  period,  he  acquired  a  cleanly  and  decent 
appearance,  which  was  in  striking  contrast  with  his  former  aspect. 

1848  (May).— The  following  are  in  the  list  of  patents  obtained 
for  May  : — William  George  Armstrong,  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 
engineer,  for  an  improved  water  pressure  engine,  sealed  llth  May ; 
George  Remington,  of  Warkworth,  County  of  Northumberland, 
civil  engineer,  for  improvements  in  locomotive  engines  and  in 
marine  and  stationary  engines,  sealed  26th  May  ;  Thomas  Richard- 
son, of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne,  chemist,  for  improvements  in  the 
manufacture  of  manures,  sealed  26th  May,  In  each  six  months 
for  enrolment. 

June  1. — Berwiek-upon-Tweed  became  an  English  port,  and 
its  limits  were  appointed  to  extend  from  St.  Abb's  Head  to  the 
south  side  of  the  river  Aln. 

June  1. — Died,  at  Darlington,  aged  104,  Mrs.  Mary  Brown-. 

June  20. — The  Newcastle  Races  commenced  this  day.  The 
Northumberland  Plate  was  won  by  Mr.  Merry's  gr  h  Chanticleer 
(Bumby),  beating  Executor,  Dough,  and  eight  others.  The  Gold 
Cup  was  won  by  Mr.  Merry's  Chanticleer  walking  over. 

June  21. — The  boiler  of  a  steam-tug,  called  the  Neptune, 
belonging  to  Shields,  burst  when  at  sea,  killing  the  master, 
Benjamin  Baxter,  and  severely  injuring  others. 

July  18. — The  ship  Blenheim,  of  1,500  tons  burthen,  was 
launched  by  Messrs.  T.  and  W.  Smith,  of  St.  Peter's,  near  New- 
castle, in  the  presence  of  a  vast  concourse  of  people,  including  many 
of  the  beauty  and  fashion  of  the  neighbourhood,  as  well  as  some 
distinguished  foreigners. 

July  20. — A  splendid  service  of  plate,  manufactured  by 
Messrs.  Reid  and  Sons,  was  presented  to  Matthew  Plummer,  esq., 
for  his  long  and  valuable  services  as  the  chairman  of  the  Newcastle 
and  Carlisle  Railway  Company,  by  the  shareholders  of  that  under- 
taking, as  a  mark  of  their  approbation  of  his  gratuitous  services. 
The  presentation  took  place  in  the  Assembly  Rooms,  Newcastle, 
in  the  presence  of  a  numerous  company  of  ladies  and  gentlemen, 
Matthew  Bell,  esq.,  M.P.,  presiding. 

July  30. — An  alarming  and  destructive  fire  broke  out  this 
evening,  in  Ridley-court,  Groat-market,  Newcastle,  in  the  bar  of 
a  spirit  shop,  kept  by  Mr.  Carr.  For  some  time  all  exertions  to 
subdue  the  progress  of  the  flames  were  ineffectual,  and  they  soon 
consumed  the  entire  contents  of  Mr.  Carr's  premises,  and  then 
broke  into  two  shops  on  the  ground  floor,  fronting  the  Groat 
Market,  and  occupied  by  Mr.  Balls,  cheesemonger,  and  Mr. 
Honeyman,  grocer.  These  also  were  destroyed,  and  during  a  rash 
attempt  to  save  a  portion  of  Mr.  Ball's  stock  the  floor  above  gave 
way,  and  Elijah  Galloway,  foreman  of  the  Newcastle  fire-engine, 
was  thrown  down  and  burnt  to  death.  Two  others,  Andrew 
Gilmore  and  James  Scott,  were  seriously  injured.  The  destruction 
of  furniture  and  the  destitution  caused*  to  the  tenants  who  lived 
above  the  spirit  shop  was  truly  deplorable,  as  the  most  of  them — 


232  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OP  fA.D.    1848. 

eight  in  number — lost  their  all.  The  building  in  which  the  fire 
broke  out  was  originally  erected  for  an  assembly-room,  for  which 
purpose  it  was  used  till  the  completion  of  the  rooms  in  Westgate- 
street,  in  1773.  In  1798  the  Literary  and  Philosophical  Society- 
took  possession  of  it,  the  large  room  being  used  as  a  library,  until 
July  1825,  when  the  society  also  evacuated  it  for  nobler  premises. 
It  was  subsequently  a  school  and  lecture- room,  in  which  latter 
capacity  it  had  been  used  by  Mr.  Joseph  Barker,  a  few  hours 
before  its  destruction.  The  whole  of  Mr.  Carr's  furniture,  stock, 
&c.,  was  consumed,  but  he  was  fully  insured  in  the  Norwich 
Union.  Mr.  Balls  and  Mr.  Honeyman  were  uninsured. 


OLD  HOUSES,  HEAD  OF  GROAT  MARKET. 

August  2. — At  Durham  Assizes,  just  after  Mr.  Justice 
Cresswell  had  sentenced  an  Irishman,  named  Coyle,  to  seven 
years'  transportation  for  house-breaking,  Coyle  pulled  off  one  of 
his  iron-shod  "  brogues"  and  hurled  it  at  the  judge's  head.  The 
formidable  missile,  which  might  have  put  an  abrupt  termination 
to  his  lordship's  judicial  labours,  struck  him  on  the  breast  and 
inflicted  no  serious  injury. 

August  3  — A  grand  banquet  was  given  in  the  great  hall  of  the 
ancient  Norman  Keep,  which  originally  gave  the  name  Newcastle 
to  that  town.  Shortly  after  six  o'clock,  his  Grace  the  Duke  of 
Northumberland  arrived  at  the  Castle,  and  soon  after  the  members 
of  the  Antiquarian  Society,  to  the  number  of  nearly  100,  sat  down 
to  a  sumptuous  entertainment,  got  up  by  Mr.  Haigh,  of  the 
Assembly  Rooms,  in  the  style  of  two  centuries  ago.  The  decora- 
tions of  the  apartments  were  in  excellent  taste,  ancient  arms  and 
armour  being  hung  upon  the  walls,  the  banners  of  Robert,  Duke 


>.  1848.] 


REMARKABLE  EVENTS* 


233 


of  Normandy  (the  founder  of  the  Castle),  Percy,  Neville,  Mowbray, 
Ratcliffe,  Widdrington,  Copeland,  Clavering,  Delaval,  Dacre,  Ogle, 
Umfreville,  Bertram,  Lumley,  Hilton,  Swinburne,  Howard,  Fen- 
wick,  and  Riddell,  mingled  with  the  arms  of  England,  Northumbria, 
St.  Cuthbert,  and  Newcastle,  whilst  gas  introduced  in  the  semblance 
of  lighted  torches  spread  a  brilliant  illumination  over  the  scene.  The 
Duke  of  Northumberland  occupied  the  chair,  supported  by  the 
Mayor  of  Newcastle  (S.  Lowrey,  esq.),  and  the  High  Sheriff  of  the 
County  (George  Burdon,  esq.),  and  Sir  Charles  Monck,  bart.,  and 
J.  H.  Hinde,  esq.,  presided  over  the  side  tables.  A  boar's  head 


CHAPEL  IN  CASTLE,  NEWCASTLE. 

was  placed  in  the  centre  of  his  grace's  table,  and  the  whole  of  the 
delicacies  were  remarkably  appropriate  and  beautiful.  The  company 
entered  the  castle  on  the  south  side  where  they  were  ushered  into 
the  guard  room,  and  two  of  his  grace's  pipers  were  in  attendance, 
and  played  appropriate  airs  at  intervals  during  the  evening  The 
company  was  addressed,  after  the  banquet,  by  the  noble  chairman, 
the  Hon.  H.  T.  Liddell,  Mr.  Ord,  M.P.,  the  Mayor  of  Newcastle, 
the  High  Sheriff  of  Northumberland,  the  Vicar  of  Newcastle, 

G  1 


234  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [A.I>.  1848. 

Mr.  J.  H,  Hinde,  the  Hon.  and  Rev.  F.  R.  Grey,  Mr.  A.  J.  B. 
Cresswell,  Sir  M.  W.  Ridley,  bart.,  Mr.  Ralph  Carr,  Sir  Cuthbert 
Sharp,  Lord  James  Stuart,  Mr.  Warren,  Q.C.,  Mr.  J.  Clayton,  Mr. 
Adamson,  Dr,  Charlton,  Rev.  J.  C.  Bruce,  and  others,  and  the 
interesting  proceedings  did  not  terminate  until  a  late  hour.  On  the 
following  evening  a  promenade  and  lecture  were  given  in  the  castle, 
for  the  purpose  of  allowing  the  public  to  examine  this  ancient  and 
celebrated  structure.  Upwards  of  500  persons  were  present,  and 
Mr.  Bruce's  description  of  ancient  Norman  life  and  manners  was 
listened  to  with  great  interest. 

1848  (August  6). — Died,  at  Broomhaugh,  near  Hexham,  aged  80, 
Mr.  John  Shield,  formerly  an  extensive  wholesale  grocer  in  New- 
castle.    Mr.  Shield  possessed  poetic  powers  of  a  high  order,  and 
while  many  of  his  local  songs  have  considerable  excellence  for  their 
Lumonr  and  imagination,  some  of  his  graver  pieces  were  deservedly 
admired  for  their  elegance  and  sweetness.     Perhaps  his  best  comic 
production  was  the  song  of  "  My  Lord  Size,"  written  on  the  acci- 
dental fall  into  the  river  Tyne  of  Mr.  Baron  Graham,   and  of  a 
serious  character  his  song  of  "  Poor  Tom,  the  Blind  Boy,"  and  the 
verses  he  addressed  to  Greathead,  one  of  the  inventors  of  the  life- 
boat, prove  Mr.  Shield's  versatile  talent  and  give  some  idea  of  the 
eminence  to  which  he  might  have  aspired  in  that  branch  of  literature. 
August  12. — Died,  at  Tapton   House,  Staffordshire,  aged  67, 
Mr,  George  Stephenson,   Civil  Engineer,   K.L.,  F.G.S. — a  rare 
example  of  the  rise  of  humble  virtue,  talent,  and  industry,  to  the 
most  envied  station  in  society.     The  deceased  was  born  at  Wylam, 
situated  on  the  Tyne,  about  nine  miles  west  of  Newcastle,  where 
his  father  was  employed  as  an  ordinary  workman,  in  1781  ;  he  was 
only  six  or  seven  years  of  age  when  he  was  sent  down  the  pit  as  a 
"  trapper,"  and  in  this  Cimmerian  darkness  were  the  early  years  of 
George   Stephenson    spent.      He  was  afterwards  a   "  picker"  at 
Wylam,  at  a  wage  of  4s.  or  5s.  a  week.     He  then  went  to  Callerton 
Pit,  where  he  got  promoted  to  the  post  of  driver  of  a  gin.     Soon 
afterwards  he  was  appointed  to  the  situation   of   engineman,  at  a 
wage  of  10s.  a  week.     While  at  Callerton  he  set  his  affections  upon 
a  Miss  Hindmarsh,  the  daughter  of  a  farmer  in  the  neighbourhood. 
Bat  as  George  was  yet  only  a  poor  working  man,  he  was  not  con- 
sidered a  suitable  match.    He  was,  however,  resolved  to  be  married, 
and,  as  the  mistress  would  not  have  him,  he  offered  himself  to  the 
servant,  and  was  accepted.     He  married  her,  she  proved  a  good 
wife,  and  the  celebrated  Robert   Stephenson,  civil  engineer,  and 
formerly  M.P.  for  Whitby,  but  now  deceased,  was  the  issue  of  the 
union.     Shortly  after  Robert's  birth  she  died,  and  in  a  few  years 
after  George  again  offered  himself  to  Miss   Hindmarsh   and  this 
time  he  was  accepted.     The  second  marriage  was  a  prosperous 
one,  and  the  pair  lived  long  and  happily  together.     In   1804  he 
removed  to  Killingworth,  having  been   engaged  as  brakesman  at 
12s.  a  week,  on  which  event  he  declared,  on   coming  out  of  the 
pay-office,  that  he  was  "  made  a  man  for  life."     Not  long  after  he 
succeeded  in  discovering  and  removing  a  defect  in  a  new  steam- 


A.B.  1848.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS,  235 

engine,  which  had  eluded  the  skill  of  all  the  engineers  in  the 
neighbourhood,  and  his  success  in  bringing  the  engine  into  working 
order  was  so  complete  that  he  was  in  a  short  time  entrusted  with 
the  entire  management  of  the  machinery  belonging  to  the  colliery. 
We  may  here  mention  an  interesting  circumstance  in  Stephenson's 
career  while  working  as  brakesman  at  Killingworth  Pit.  There 
were  three  brakesmen,  who  took  the  "  night  shift"  by  turns.  The 
night  shift  lasted  from  eight  to  ten  hours,  and  as  there  was  little 
work  to  be  done,  the  brakesman's  time  hung  heavy  on  his  hands, 
Stephenson,  however,  always  regarded  time  as  precious,  and  care- 
fully turned  every  minute  to  account.  During  these  night  shifts 
he  took  his  first  lessons  in  arithmetic.  When  he  had  worked  his 
sums  on  a  slate  he  sent  them  off  next  morning  to  a  schoolmaster 
to  correct,  who  in  turn  sent  him  new  questions  to  answer.  For 
this  service  the  eager  scholar  paid  his  master  the  humble  tribute  of 
fourpence  a  week.  The  rest  of  his  time  he  occupied  in  cleaning 
the  pitmens'  clocks  and  watches,  mending  shoes,  and  last-making. 
Among  the  other  of  his  works  was  a  sun  dial,  still  fixed  over  tho 
door  of  the  house  he  lived  in  at  Killingworth  ;  and  to  the  last  day 
of  his  life  he  felt  a  pride  at  the  sight  of  that  sun  dial.  Not  long 
before  his  death,  while  surveying  the  line  of  the  Newcastle  and 
Berwick  Railway,  he  drove  a  professional  friend  somewhat  out  of 
his  way  to  have  an  admiring  look  at  the  dial.  From  the  oft-recurr- 
ing explosions  of  gas  in  mines,  of  which  he  had  been  a  frequent 
witness,  his  attention  was  drawn  to  the  subject;  and  at  the  very 
time  Sir  Humphrey  Davy  was  pursuing  his  investigations,  and 
before  that  philosopher  had  come  to  any  determination  upon  it,  Mr. 
Stephenson  discovered,  by  independent  experiments,  that  explosive 
mixtures  will  not  pass  through  small  apertures  or  tubes.  His  first 
safety-lamp  was  made  by  Mr.  Hogg,  a  tinsmith  in  Newcastle,  and 
was  tried  at  Killingworth  Colliery,  21st  October,  1815,  some  days 
antecedent  to  Sir  Humphrey  Davy's  earliest  announcement  of  the 
lamp  which  bears  his  name.  Both  gentlemen,  accordingly,  had 
their  partisans.  Sir  Humphrey  was  feasted  in  Newcastle,  and 
honoured  with  a  magnificent  testimonial ;  and  Mr.  Stephenson's 
friends  rewarded  his  exertions  by  a  gift  of  £1,000,  which,  with  a 
silver  tankard,  were  presented  to  him  in  January,  1818,  at  a  dinner 
in  the  Assembly  Rooms,  at  which  C.  J.  Brandling,  esq.,  presided. 
The  first  locomotive  engine  constructed  by  Stephenson  was  tried 
on  the  25th  of  July,  1814,  and  although  it  is  impossible  to  award 
him  all  the  praise  due  to  the  invention  of  that  wonderful  machine, 
which  has  revolutionised  all  former  ideas  of  commercial  inter- 
course, has  annihilated  distance,  and  everywhere  become  the 
herald  of  enlightenment  and  civilization ;  it  cannot  be  doubted 
that  his  improvements  in  its  manufacture  have  placed  his  name 
in  immortal  connexion  with  it.  Years  passed  by  and  George 
Stephenson  became  a  prosperous  man.  His  upright  and  manly 
character,  and  his  devoted  attention  to  his  profession,  gained  him 
many  and  powerful  friends.  He  earned  the  confidence  of  all 
with  whom  he  came  in  contact.  He  was  straightforward  and 


236  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OP  fA'D-    1848* 

openhearted,  hardworking,  and  a  zealous  self-cultivator,  always 
observant,  always  improving,  always  advancing.  With  the 
assistance  of  his  son  he  constructed  the  London  and  Birmingham, 
the  Manchester  and  Leeds,  and  many  other  railways,  not  only  in 
England  but  in  Belgium,  France,  Germany,  Italy,  and  Spain,  and 
his  fame,  as  an  engineer,  is  as  wide  in  its  extent  as  it  probably 
will  be  unlimited  in  its  duration.  Mr.  Stephenson  was  to  the  last 
a  man  of  plain  arid  unassuming  manners,  neither  ashamed  of  his 
humble  origin  nor  forgetful  of  his  early  associates,  and  a  few 
months  before  his  death,  in  answer  to  a  gentleman  who  was 
desirous  of  knowing  what  honorary  initials  he  was  entitled  to  use, 
he  replied  that  many  honours  had  been  offered  him,  at  home  and 
abroad,  which  he  had  declined  to  accept,  and  almost  the  only  title 
which  he  held  and  certainly  the  one  of  which  he  was  most  proud 
was  that  of  "  President  of  the  Birmingham  Mechanics'  Institute." 
In  August,  1845,  the  Midland,  the  York  and  North  Midland,  the 
Newcastle  and  Darlington,  and  the  Newcastle  and  Berwick  Railway 
Companies  severally  voted  the  sum  of  £2,000,  to  be  expended  in 
the  purchase  of  a  service  of  plate  for  Mr.  Stephenson,  and  in  the 
erection  of  his  statue  on  the  High  Level  Bridge  across  the  Tyne. 
It  is  little  to  the  credit  of  these  great  companies  that  their  resolu- 
tions were  never  carried  out.  In  a  speech  delivered  in  Ne \vcastle, 
June  18,  1844,  Mr,  Stephenson  said  : — "  The  first  locomotive  that 
I  made  was  at  Killingworth  Colliery,  and  with  Lord  Ravens  worth's 
money.  That  engine  was  made  82  years  ago,  and  we  called  it 
*  My  Lord.'  I  said  to  my  friends  that  there  was  no  limit  to  the 
speed  of  such  an  engine,  provided  the  works  could  be  made  to 
stand.  In  this  respect  great  perfection  has  been  reached,  and,  in. 
consequence,  a  very  high  velocity  has  been  attained.  In  what  has 
been  done  under  my  management  the  merit  is  only  in  part  my  own. 
I  have  been  most  ably  seconded  and  assisted  by  my  son.  In  the 
earlier  period  of  my  career,  and  when  he  was  a  little  boy,  I  saw 
how  deficient  I  was  in  education,  and  made  up  my.  mind  that  he 
should  not  labour  under  the  same  defect,  but  that  I  would  put  him 
to  a  good  school  and  give  him  a  liberal  training.  Being,  however, 
a  poor  man,  how  do  you  think  I  managed  I  I  betook  myself  to 
mending  my  neighbours'  clocks  and  watches  at  night,  after  my 
daily  labour  was  done,  and  thus  I  procured  the  means  of  educating 
my  son.  He  became  my  assistant  and  my  companion.  He  got  an 
appointment  as  under  viewer,  and  at  nights  we  worked  together  at 
our  engineering.  I  got  leave  to  go  from  Killingworth  to  lay  down 
a  railway  at  Hetton,  and  next  to  Darlington,  and  after  that  I  went 
to  Liverpool,  to  plan  a  line  to  Manchester.  I  there  pledged  myself 
to  attain  a  speed  of  ten  miles  an  hour.  I  said  I  had  no  doubt  the 
locomotive  might  be  made  to  go  much  faster,  but  we  had  better  be 
moderate  at  the  beginning.  The  directors  said  I  was  quite  right, 
if  when  they  went  to  Parliament  I  talked  of  going  at  a  greater 
rate  than  ten  miles  an  hour  I  would  put  a  <  cross  on  the  concern.' 
It  was  not  an  easy  task  for  me  to  keep  the  engine  down  to  ten 
milea  an.  hour,  but  it  had  to  be  done,  and  I  did  my  best.  I  had  to 


155 


A.D.    1848.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  237 

place  myself  into  that  most  unpleasant  of  all  positions-— the 
witness-box  of  a  Parliamentary  Committee.  Some  one  inquired 
if  I  was  a  foreigner,  and  another  said  I  was  mad.  But  I  put  up 
with  every  rebuff,  and  went  on  with  my  plans,  determined  not  to 
be  put  down.  Assistance  gradually  increased — improvements  were 
made  every  day — and  to-day  a  train  which  started  from  London 
in  the  morning  has  brought  me  in  the  afternoon  to  my  native  soil, 
and  enabled  me  to  take  my  place  in  this  room,  and  to  see  around 
me  many  happy  faces,  which  I  have  great  pleasure  in  looking  on." 

1848  (August  15). — An  explosion  took  place  in  the  West  Pit, 
Murton  Colliery,  near  South  Hetton,  the  property  of  Messrs.  Braddyll 
and  Co.,  when  sixteen  men  and  boys  were  killed,  and  several  others 
much  hurt.  Upwards  of  one  hundred  persons  were  in  the  mine 
at  the  time,  and  but  for  the  presence  of  mind  of  one  of  the  work- 
men, who  was  able  to  lead  the  others  to  a  shaft,  the  whole  would 
have  been  suffocated. 

August  29. — The  great  and  important  desideratum  the  opening 
of  a  railway  communication  between  Newcastle  and  Gateshead* 
by  a  line  of  rails  over  the  temporary  scaffolding  at  the  High  Level 
Bridge,  was  accomplished  this  day.  About  half-past  one  o'clock 
Mr.  Hudson,  M.P.,  and  his  son,  accompanied  by  a  number  of  other 
gentlemen,  arrived  from  Sunderland,  and  were  received  at  the 
Gateshead  Station  by  the  Right  Worshipful  the  Mayor  of  New- 
castle, the  Mayor  of  Gateshead,  and  a  numerous  body  of  gentlemen* 
A  train,  consisting  of  eight  carriages,  was  drawn  alongside  the 
platform,  where  an  engine,  gaily  decorated  with  flags,  was  waiting 
to  take  it  across.  Precisely  at  half-past  two  the  train  proceeded, 
amidst  the  firing  of  cannon  and  the  cheers  of  the  assembled  multi- 
tude. As  the  train  passed  slowly  and  steadily  over  the  approaches 
to  the  bridge  the  anxiety  of  the  immense  body  of  spectators,  whose 
eyes  were  watching  every  movement,  seemed  to  be  most  intense, 
and  the  scene  was  truly  exciting,  yet  it  was  not  viewed  without 
some  degree  of  fear,  not  only  from  the  lofty  position  of  the  train 
and  its  occupants  but  from  the  apparent  narrowness  and  nakedness 
of  the  platform  on  which  it  rolled  along.  It  appeared,  from  the 
absence  of  the  usual  noise,  rather  like  an  aerial  flight  than  the 
rattling  and  resistless  sweep  of  the  iron  horse.  Onward  it  came, 
steadily  and  calmly,  like  a  giant  in  his  strength,  safely  traversing 
the  temporary  bridge,  and  on  reaching  the  north  side  was  received 
with  a  burst  of  cheers  from  the  immense  assemblage  and  a  salute 
from  the  castle  guns.  After  changing  the  engine  the  train  was 
conveyed  across  the  magnificent  arch  which  spans  the  foot  of  Dean- 
street  to  the  Manors  Station,  where  it  was  again  welcomed  by  the 
firing  of  cannon  and  renewed  cheers.  The  company  having 
alighted  the  Right  Worshipful  the  Mayor,  accompanied  by  Mr* 
Hudson  and  other  gentlemen,  proceeded  to  the  Queen's  Head  Inn, 
where  they  sat  down  to  a  splendid  collation,  the  mayor  presiding, 
Captain  Weatherley  in  the  vice-chair.  After  the  repast  the 
healths  of  Mr.  Hudson  and  his  staff,  the  Mayor  and  Corporation 
of  Newcastle,  Messrs.  Hawks  and  Crawshaw,  Mr.  Robert 


238  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1848. 

Stephenson,  Mrs.  Hudson,  &c.,  &c.,  were  drank  with  enthusiasm, 
and  the  company  separated,  highly  gratified  with  the  proceedings 
of  the  day, 

1848  (August  31). — An  awful  instance  of  sudden  death  occurred 
at  the  Queen's  Head  Inn,  Newcastle,  this  evening.  Major  John 
Phillpotts,  son  of  the  Bishop  of  Exeter,  arrived  by  the  train  from 
Carlisle,  having  been  paying  a  visit  to  the  Rev.  Mr.  Anderson, 
of  Keswick.  The  gallant  gentleman,  shortly  after  his  arrival, 
proceeded  to  his  room  to  dress,  when  it  was  supposed  that  a 
blood-vessel  had  suddenly  burst,  he  rushed  to  the  door,  when  he 
fell.  Surgical  aid  was  immediately  called  in,  but  he  was  found 
to  be  dead. 

September  17. — St.  John's  Church,  Newcastle,  after  under- 
going considerable  alterations,  was  re-opened  for  divine  service. 
Sermons  were  preached,  in  the  morning  by  the  Rev.  Leonard 
Shaftoe  Orde,  M.A.,  incumbent  of  Lucker ;  and  in  the  afternoon 
by  the  Rev.  Richard  Clayton,  when  collections  were  made,  amounting 
to  £40.  In  taking  down  the  chancel  the  piscina  of  the  church 
and  several  inscribed  stones  were  found  by  the  workmen,  and  were 
presented  to  the  Society  of  Antiquaries. 

September  20. — Jenny  Lind,  "the  Swedish  Nightingale,"  appeared 
in  the  Theatre  Royal,  Newcastle,  in  the  opera  of  "  La  Som- 
nambula,"  and,  notwithstanding  the  high  price  of  admission,  the 
theatre  was  crowded  in  every  part :  the  boxes  as  well  as  the  pit 
being  filled  by  one  of  the  most  numerous  and  splendid  assemblages 
of  the  haul  ton  of  the  district  that  had  ever  been  witnessed.  The 
prices  of  admission  were — dress  boxes,  £1  11s.  Gd. ;  upper  boxes 
and  pit,  £1  Is. ;  and  gallery.  10s.  Qd.  The  receipts  were  upwards 
of  £1,100. 

September  24. — Died,  near  Durham,  very  suddenly,  aged  59, 
Major  James  Wemyss,  chief  constable  of  the  Durham  Rural  Police. 
November  7,  Major  G-.  F.  White  was  appointed  chief  constable. 

October  18. — The  shareholders  of  the  Whittle  Dean  Water 
Company,  Newcastle,  and  other  friends,  dined  together  this  evening 
at  the  Queen's  Head  Inn,  to  celebrate  the  completion  of  the  works. 
Mr.  Alderman  Potter  presided,  and  the  Mayor  of  Newcastle  and 
several  other  gentlemen,  who  had,  during  the  day,  inspected  the 
reservoirs  at  Whittle  Dean  (44  acres  in  extent),  expressed  their 
satisfaction  and  delight  at  what  they  had  witnessed, 

October  29. — A  serious  and  fatal  accident  occurred  this 
evening  on  the  York  and  Newcastle  Railway,  between  Brockley 
Whins  and  Washington  Station,  by  the  collision  of  the  mail  train 
from  London  with  a  special  train  of  workmen,  who  had  been 
repairing  the  line,  and  who  had  carelessly  allowed  their  engine  to 
run  out  of  water.  Three  of  the  workmen  were  killed  on  the  spot, 
and  several  persons  in  both  the  trains  were  severely  injured.  The 
names  of  the  unfortunate  sufferers  were  John  Ross,  Joseph 
Hutchinson,  and  Robert  Raffles. 

November  9.— The  following  gentlemen  were  elected  mayors 
and  sheriffs  of  the  boroughs  of  Northumberland  and  Durham :— 


A.D.  1848.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  239 

Newcastle  —  Captain  James  Dent  Weatherley,  esq.,  mayor ; 
Nathaniel  Grace  Lambert,  esq.,  sheriff.  Gateshead — George 
Hawks,  esq.  Sunderland — Joseph  Simpson,  esq.  Durham — 
William  Henderson,  esq.  Stockton — John  Eeles,  esq.  Morpeth — 
William  Trotter,  esq.  Berwick — H.  G.  G.  Clarke,  esq.,  M.D., 
mayor ;  Patrick  Clay,  esq.,  sheriff, 

1848  (November), — During  this  month  an  extraordinary  sample  of 
natives  from  the  interior  of  Africa  were  exhibiting  in  the  Victoria 
Rooms,  Newcastle.  The  group  consisted  of  two  men,  two  women, 
and  a  child,  belonging  to  a  tribe  called  Bosjesmans.  Their 
diminutive  forms  and  strange  language  excited  much  astonishment, 
and  certainly  they  presented  as  strange  a  group  of  beings,  having 
affinity  to  the  human  race,  as  ever  was  seen. 

November  20. — In  the  course  of  deepening  the  river  Tyne, 
Mr.  Holt,  the  diver,  under  the  directions  of  Mr.  Brooks,  the  river 
engineer,  was  making  his  observations,  when  he  discovered  part  of 
a  huge  trunk  of  an  oak  tree,  lying  embedded  in  the  Cockraw  Sands, 
near  Wallsend.  It  was  soon  extricated  and  conveyed  to  the  New 
Quay.  It  was  found  to  measure  17  feet  in  circumference  at  one 
part,  and  about  35  feet  in  length.  The  greater  part  of  it  was  quite 
sound,  and  a  portion  was  applied  for  by  the  architect  of  the  Coal 
Exchange,  London,  and  used  by  him  in  forming  the  beautifully- 
tessellated  floor  of  that  building. 

December  4. — The  estate  of  Collingwood  House,  in  the  parishes 
of  Whittingham  and  Alnham,  Northumberland,  was  sold  by 
auction,  in  London,  to  the  Hon.  H.  T.  Liddell  (now  Lord 
Ravensworth),  for  £60,000.  The  estate  comprised  1,965  acres, 
and  the  yearly  rent  amounted  to  £2,045. 

December  19. — A  most  singular  accident  occurred  at  Trimdon 
Colliery.  A  little  boy,  nephew  of  a  pitman,  named  Dinning,  had 
been  sent  for  some  milk,  and  on  carrying  it  home  he  fell  and 
spilled  it ;  on  informing  his  uncle  of  the  accident,  the  latter  threw 
a  bag  of  gunpowder  at  the  boy's  head,  and,  the  bag  bursting  by 
the  violence  of  the  blow,  a  portion  of  the  contents  went  into  the 
fire  and  the  whole  exploded.  The  house  was  almost  completely 
destroyed.  The  boy,  as  well  as  another  child,  was  killed,  and  the 
other  inmates  were  sadly  burnt. 

December  20,- — Died,  at  Bournemouth,  Hants,  aged  56,  Thomas 
Wentworth  Beaumont,  esq.,  of  Bywell  Hall,  Northumberland, 
and  Bretton  Park,  Yorkshire.  Mr.  Beaumont,  from  the  extent 
of  his  landed  property,  and  the  value  of  his  mineral  possessions, 
was  one  of  the  richest  commoners  in  England.  He  represented 
the  county  of  Northumberland  for  several  years,  and  was  engaged 
in  more  than  one  electioneering  contest.  Mr.  Beaumont  was  a 
tory,  and  a  member  of  the  Pitt  Club  in  early  life,  but  from  1820 
he  was  generally  considered  an  "  Advanced  Liberal,"  and  his 
munificent  generosity  of  disposition,  and  frankness  of  manner, 
secured  him  the  attachment  of  a  very  numerous  body  of  friends. 
He  was  one  of  the  chief  originators  of  the  "Westminster  Review," 
to  which  it  was  understood  he  contributed  a  number  of  papers. 


240  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1848. 

Mr.  Beaumont  was  succeeded  by  his  eldest  son  Mr.  Wentworth 
Blackett  Beaumont,  who  was,  at  his  father's  death,  approaching 
his  majority. 


BYWELL    CASTLE. 

1848  (December  30).— Died,  at  Brussels,  aged  74,  "Robert  William 
Brandling,  esq.,  of  Low  Gosforth,  Northumberland.  In  1835  the 
deceased  brought  before  the  public  the  project  of  a  railway  to 
connect  Newcastle  with  South  Shields  and  Sunderland.  The  line, 
which  was  known  as  the  Brandling  Junction  Railway  until  its 
amalgamation  with  the  Newcastle  and  Darlington  Company, 
proved  one  of  the  most  important  in  the  district.  Mr.  Brandling 
was  for  many  years  an  active  county  magistrate,  and  was  well 
Tsnown  and  respected  by  all  classes  with  whom  he  came  in  contact. 
January  16th,  1849,  his  remains  arrived  at  Newcastle,  and  were 
interred  on  the  same  day  at  Gosforth. 

December  30. — Died,  at  Newcastle,  aged  51,  James  Eeid,  esq., 
son  of  Christian  Ker  Reid,  goldsmith.  The  deceased  commenced 
at  an  early  period  of  life  as  a  merchant,  in  which  profession  he 
displayed  great  ability  and  enterprize  He  was  the  first  to  give 
an  impulse  to  the  trade  between  Newcastle  and  Hamburgh,  and, 
as  early  as  1823-4,  established  a  regular  communication  between 
the  two  ports.  He  took  an  active  part,  and  was  mainly  instru- 
mental, in  procuring  a  repeal  of  the  duty  on  sea  borne  coal,  thus 
opening  out  a  market  for  the  immense  quantity  of  small  coal  lying 
as  useless  at  every  colliery.  Having  introduced  the  coals  of  the 
Pelton  Colliery  to  the  London  Chartered  Gas  Company,  to  which 
Mr.  Reid  was  agent,  the  directors  so  highly  approved  of  the  quality  of 
the  coal  that,  in  order  to  secure  a  continuous  supply,  Mr.  Reid  was 


A.D.  1849.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS  241 

encouraged  to  purchase  the  interests  of  the  lessees.  After  a  pro- 
tracted negotiation,  in  which  much  tact  and  ability  were  required, 
the  whole  was  arranged  by  Mr.  Reid,  the  sum  paid  being  £80,000. 
Mr.  Reid  was  appointed  consul  for  Belgium,  for  the  port  of 
Newcastle,  on  the  20th  of  August,  1832,  after  the  separation  of 
Belgiani  from  Holland,  the  duties  of  which  he  continued  to 
pe^jprm  till  his  death.  The  urbanity  and  kindness  of  manner  and 
generosity  of  disposition,  approaching  to  a  fault,  procured  for  Mr. 
Reid  the  respect  and  goodwill  of  a  large  circle  of  friends  amongst 
all  classes  of  society. 

1849  (January  3J. — Died, in  Newcastle,  aged  68,  James  Archbold, 
esq.,  an  alderman  and  magistrate  of  that  town.  Mr.  Archbold 
served  the  office  of  mayor  in  184G-7.  He  left  a  large  fortune,  and, 
amongst  other  legacies  to  charitable  objects,  he  devised  £4,500  to 
found  an  hospital  for  twelve  poor  widows,  but  the  statute  of  mort- 
main rendered  that  portion  of  his  will  a  nullity.  A  very  elegant 
mural  monument  to  the  memory  of  Mr.  Archbold  has  been  erected 
in  St.  Nicholas'  Church,  Newcastle. 

January  19. — About  half-past  four  o'clock  this  morning  a  most 
destructive  fire  broke  out  in  Mr.  Henry  Angus's  coach  manu- 
factory, Bigg-market,  Newcastle,  the  whole  of  which,  in  the  space 
of  two  hours,  was  entirely  destroyed,  together  with  some  houses 
and  shops  and  small  work  sheds  adjacent.  The  manufactory  had 
been  substantially  built  after  the  still  more  extensive  fire  which 
occurred  on  the  same  site  on  the  29th  January,  1830,  and  the 
damage  amounted  to  several  thousand  pounds.  An  attempt  was 
made  by  the  Corporation  to  take  advantage  of  this  opportunity  for 
continuing  Grainger  street  to  the  Central  Railway  Station. 
Although  the  design  was  at  that  time  abandoned,  it  is  now  being 
carried  out. 


OLD  HOUSES,  GROAT  MARKET,  REMOVED  TO  ENLARGE  THE  BIGG  MARKET. 

January  20. — Died,  at  Inspruck,  aged  84,  General  Baron  Swin- 
burne, Chamberlain  of  the  Emperor  of  Austria,   K.M.T.,   &c, 

H  1 


242  HISTORICAL    REGISTEK   OF  [A.D.    184$. 

The  deceased  was  the  last  surviving   brother  of  Sir   John    E, 
Swinburne,  bart.,  of  Capheaton. 

1849  (January  21>— A  shocking  murder  was  committed  at 
Toundle  Myers,  near  West  Auckland.  A  gamekeeper,  under  the 
Duke  of  Cleveland,  named  May,  was  found  shot  in  the  back 
part  of  the  head.  May  had  given  evidence  against  Thompson  and 
Dowson,  at  the  previous  Durham  Assizes,  for  the  murder  of  the 
watcher,  named  Shirley,  in  February,  1848,  and  it  was  supposed 
that  he  had  been  murdered  by  some  of  their  friends.  Shortly 
afterwards,  three  men,  named  Neasham,  Simpson,  and  Peverley, 
were  apprehended,  when  they  mutually  criminated  each  other, 
and,  on  the  28th  July,  Neasham  was  tried  for  the  murder,  at 
Durham,  before  Mr.  Justice  Pattison,  the  others  giving  evidence 
against  him.  He  was,  however,  acquitted. 

February  18. — A  splendid  vessel  which  was  about  being  launched 
from  the  building  yard  of  Mr.  H.  Carr,  Hylton  Ferry,  Sunderland, 
was  entirely  destroyed  by  fire.  The  workshops  in  the  yard  were 
also  consumed,  as  well  as  some  timber  in  the  adjoining  premises, 
and  the  total  damage  was  upwards  of  £2,000. 

February  20. — At  a  meeting  of  the  York,  Newcastle,  and 
Berwick  Railway  Company,  at  York,  Mr.  Prance,  of  the  Stock 
Exchange,  brought  before  the  shareholders  a  question  as  to  the 
sale  of  certain  shares  made  by  the  chairman,  Mr.  Hudson,  to  the 
company,  and  moved  for  a  committee  to  investigate  the  matter. 
Mr.  Hudson  avowed  the  transaction  expressing  his  readiness  to 
submit  his  conduct  to  the  fullest  inquiry.  A  report  was  soon 
afterwards  presented  to  the  shareholders,  condemning  the  conduct 
of  Mr.  Hudson,  and  at  a  meeting  held  at  York  on  the  14th  of  May, 
another  committee,  consisting  of  Mr.  McLaren,  of  Edinburgh  ;  Mr. 
Leechman,  of  Glasgow  ;  Mr.  Kipling,  of  Darlington  ;  Mr.  John 
Shield  'and  Mr.  Philipson,  of  Newcastle  j  Mr.  Love,  of  London  ; 
and  Mr.  Meek,  of  York,  was  appointed  to  investigate  the  whole 
affairs  of  the  company.  At  this  meeting  a  letter  was  read  from 
Mr.  Hudson  resigning  the  chairmanship.  The  first  report  of  the 
committee  was  not  of  an  important  nature,  but  the  second  excited 
an  extraordinary  sensation.  The  committee  stated  that  Mr. 
Hudson,  although  entitled  to  only  936  shares  in  the  Newcastle 
and  Berwick  Company,  had  secretly  taken  and  afterwards  sold 
for  his  own  benefit  10,984,  the  committee  estimating  the  profit  of 
this  "  flagrant  abuse  of  the  confidence  reposed  in  him,"  at 
£145,000.  With  respect  to  the  Brandling  Junction  Shares  it 
appeared  that  his  fellow  directors  had  made  Mr.  Hudson  a  present 
of  2,000  shares,  at  a  time  when  they  were  at  a  premium  of  £21 
each,  being  equivalent  to  a  bonus  of  £42,000.  It  was  further 
stated  that  in  January,  1845,  Mr.  Hudson  purchased  10,000  tons 
of  iron,  on  his  own  account,  at  £6  10s.  per  ton,  and  sold  7,000 
tons  of  his  purchase  to  the  company,  within  a  few  days,  at  £12 
per  ton,  realizing  a  profit  of  £38,500.  As  to  the  payments  for 
land  it  was  shewn  that  Mr,  Hudson  took  cheques,  in  1845,  for 
£37,350,  of  which  sum  he  retained  £26,000  until  the  committee 


A.I>.    1849.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  243 

was  appointed  when  he  restored  it  to  the  company.  In  like 
manner  the  construction  account  was  overcharged  to  the  extent 
of  £40,000  which  Mr.  Hudson  also  repaid  with  interest.  On  the 
Great  North  of  England  purchase  account  Mr.  Hudson  was  a 
debtor  to  the  company  for  £26,854  which  he  likewise  returned. 
It  was  also  discovered  that,  in  order  to  keep  up  large  dividends, 
and  "  to  make  things  pleasant,"  the  accounts  of  the  company  had 
been  systematically  falsified  from  the  first  existence  of  the  railway 
to  the  extent  of  £121,925,  partly  by  absorption  of  capital  into  the 
traffic  account,  and  partly  by  overstating  the  actual  traffic. 
Lastly,  the  committee  proved  that  £41,047  of  the  company's  funds 
had  been  applied,  without  its  consent,  in  the  purchase  of  Sunder- 
land  Dock  Shares,  which  was  also  repaid.  An  agreement  was 
finally  made  between  Mr.  Hudson  and  the  company,  on  the  8th 
January,  1850,  by  which,  on  an  additional  payment  of  £50,000, 
the  company  relinquished  all  further  claim  upon  him. 

1849  (February  20). — Died,  at  Minsteracres,  aged  75,  George 
Silvertop,  esq.  The  deceased,  like  most  Roman  Catholic  gentle- 
men of  the  last  century,  was  educated  at  Dowey,  but  returned  to 
this  country  at  the  outbreak  of  the  French  Revolution.  He 
succeeded  to  his  paternal  estates  in  1814.  In  the  same  year  he 
visited  Napoleon,  then  at  Elba,  and  printed  an  account  of  his 
interview  with  the  Emperor  which  was  received  with  great 
approbation.  He  was  subsequently  selected  by  Lord  Liverpool 
as  the  medium  of  private  communication  between  Great  Britain 
and  the  Holy  See,  in  which  capacity  he  acquitted  himself  with 
much  address.  Mr.  Silvertop  was  appointed  High  Sheriff  of 
Northumberland,  in  1830,  and  was  the  first  Roman  Catholic  who 
had  filled  that  office  since  the  reign  of  James  II.  He  was  the 
first  to  notice  and  to  foster  the  genius  of  the  celebrated  sculptor 
Lough,  who  was  born  near  Minsteracres,  and  his  purse  was  ever 
open  to  merit  struggling  with  difficulty  or  misfortune. 

March  26. — This  morning  whilst  the  fishing  boats  belonging  to 
the  village  of  Cullercoats  were  at  sea  they  discovered  something 
floating  of  uncommon  length  and  of  silvery  and  dazzling  bright- 
ness. It  proved  to  be  a  fish  of  the  Gymmetrus  genus  of  which 
there  are  few  of  the  species  known.  It  was  12  feet  5  inches  long, 
13  inches  in  depth,  and  3  inches  thick,  with  a  crest  about  14 
inches  in  height.  The  fish  was  exhibited  at  Tyriemouth,  North 
and  South  Shields,  and  Newcastle,  and  was  afterwards  shown  in 
London,  where  it  attracted  much  attention.  It  is  now  in  the 
Museum  of  the  Natural  History  Society,  Newcastle. 

April  3. — A  "  gentleman"  and  "  lady"  drove  up  in  a  gig  to  the 
door  of  the  Fulwell  Inn,  near  Sunderland.  The  gentleman  intro- 
duced himself  as  the  "  Laird  o'  Banff,"  and  possessed  of  estates  in 
the  North  of  Scotland,  yielding  rental  to  the  amount  of  £7,000 
per  annum.  He  displayed  a  large  bundle  of  notes  and  invited  the 
landlord  to  dine  with  him  and  to  send  for  all  the  respectable 
farmers  and  tradesmen  around  for  the  same  purpose,  whilst  the 
workmen  and  others  in  the  kitchen  were  regaled  with  brandy. 


244  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  ^A.D.    1849. 

The  laird  and  lady  remained  enjoying  themselves  for  two  days, 
when  the  gentleman  and  his  host  rode  out  together  to  Cleadon, 
where  the  latter,  according  to  the  custom  of  landlords  from  home, 
treated  his  friend.  Some  people  in  the  house,  however,  began  to 
think  they  had  seen  the  laird  before,  and,  finding  he  was  observed, 
he  hastily  mounted  his  horse  and  galloped  back  to  Fullwell, 
followed  by  the  landlord.  Whilst  the  party  were  at  supper  the 
constable  of  Cleadon  entered  and  arrested  the  laird,  in  the  Queen's 
name,  on  a  charge  of  having  fraudently  taken  away  a  horse  and 
gig  from  a  stable  keeper  at  Newcastle.  The  bundle  of  notes 
proved  to  be  those  of  the  "  Bank  of  Elegance,"  and  their  pos- 
sessor, whose  name  was  Davison,  the  son  of  a  batcher  in  South 
Shields,  was  proved  to  be  a  deserter  from  the  63rd  Regiment. 
He  was  accordingly  removed  to  Newcastle  Gaol.  The  "  lady" 
was  a  servant  of  good  reputation  whom  he  had  induced,  by  false 
representations,  to  leave  a  respectable  situation. 

1849  (April  7). — A  serious  accident  occurred  in  the  river  Tyne, 
near  Walker,  by  which  two  men,  named  Moore  and  Wear,  and  a 
boy,  named  Robert  Watson,  were  drowned.  It  appeared  that  the 
unfortunate  sufferers  were  employed  at  Mr.  Potter's  coke  and 
brick  works,  at  Willington,  and  had  proceeded  in  a  boat  to 
Walker  where  they  took  in  a  quantity  of  iron.  On  their  return 
they  got  into  the  wake  of  a  steamer,  the  swell  from  which  was  so 
great  that,  in  tacking,  the  sail  "  jibed,"  and  in  their  efforts  to 
right  the  boat  it  swamped  and  went  down. 

April  14. — A  melancholy  accident  occurred  at  Shields  by  which 
five  men  were  drowned.  It  appeared  that  the  men  were  daily  in 
the  custom  of  passing  and  repassing  from  a  vessel,  called  the 
Havering,  to  the  shore  in  a  boat  to  their  meals,  &c.,  in  gangs  of 
from  fourteen  to  sixteen,  when,  by  some  mismanagement,  the  boat 
was  upset,  immersing  the  entire  party  in  the  river.  The  most 
active  and  praiseworthy  efforts  were  made  to  save  the  men,  but, 
it  is  to  be  regretted  that  five  of  them  sank  to  rise  no  more.  Their 
names  were  John  Wade,  John  Kent,  John  Juggings,  William 
Keldey,  and  John  Anderson. 

April  16. — A  fire  broke  out  this  morning  in  the  library  of  John 
Adamson,  esq  ,  Westgate-street,  Newcastle.  The  fire  had  arisen 
from  the  igniting  of  a  beam  in  the  chimney,  and  nearly  2,000 
valuable  books,  prints,  and  MSS.,  were  destroyed  before  the  flames 
could  be  got  under.  Prior  to  this  disaster  Mr.  Adamson  possessed 
the  finest  collection  of  Portuguese  literature  in  the  kingdom. 

Ma  if  1. — A  man,  named  William  Hornsby,  died  at  Halt- 
whistle  under  suspicious  circumstances,  and  the  conduct  of  his 
wife  having  been  noticed  as  somewhat  singular,  an  examination  of 
the  body  took  place  when  it  became  apparent  that  he  had  died 
from  the  effects  of  arsenic.  The  woman  was  tried  for  murder  at 
the  next  assizes,  before  Mr.  Justice  Wightman,  but  she  was 
acquitted. 

May  27. — A  fire  of  a  most  terrific  nature  occurred  at  Shawdon 
Hall,  near  Alnwick,  the  seat  of  William  Pawson,  esq.  The 


A.D.  1849.] 


REMARKABLE   EVENTS. 


245 


hall  itself  was  preserved,  but  all  the  out-buildings  were  entirely 
destroyed.  The  damage  was  estimated  at  upwards  of  £3,000. 
The  intensity  of  the  heat  may  be  calculated  by  the  fact  that  the 
lead  poured  down  from  the  roof  like  water,  and  the  bell  of  the 
turret  clock,  which  had  been  brought  from  the  monastery  at 
Alnmouth,  in  the  reign  of  Henry  VIII.,  was  melted  in  the  con- 
flagration, 

1849  (June  5> — About  seven  o'clock  this  morning  one  of  those 
sudden  and  disastrous  explosions  which,  although  of  too  frequent 
occurrence  in  this  district,  seem,  nevertheless,  contingent  on  the 
hazardous  occupation  of  the  coal  miner,  took  place  at  Hebburn 
Colliery,  about  six  miles  from  Newcastle.  About  100  men  were 
at  work  at  the  time  of  the  accident,  but  the  effects  of  the  explosion 
were  confined  to  the  north-western  portion  of  the  mine,  where 
thirty-four  men  and  boys  were  employed,  all  of  whom,  with  but 
one  exception,  were  killed.  The  explosion  had  been  tremendous, 
and  the  bodies  were  mutilated  in  a  manner  never  witnessed  before, 
but  this,  it  was  believed,  arose  from  the  ignition  of  a  quantity  of 
gunpowder,  which  had  been  placed  near  the  spot  by  one  of  the 
workmen  on  the  previous  day. 


OLD  HOUSE,  HEAD  OF  LOXG  STAIRS,  CASTLE  GARTH. 

June  7. — The  Mayor  of  Gateshead,   Mr.   Hawks,  one   of    the 
firm  of  Messrs.  Hawks,  Crawshay,  and  Co.,  the  contractors  for 


246  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1849. 

the  iron  work  of  the  High  Level  Bridge  across  the  Tyne,  at 
Newcastle,  drove  the  last  key  of  that  splendid  and  stupendous 
structure  into  its  place,  thereby  closing  the  arches,  in  the  presence 
of  a  numerous  party.  Mr.  Hosking,  superintendent  of  Messrs. 
Hawks  and  Crawshay's  works,  examined  what  the  Mayor  had 
done,  and  announced  that  the  key  was  well  driven  and  an  excellent 
fit.  His  worship  and  a  number  of  friends  dined  together  at  Miss 
Murray's,  Half  Moon  Inn,  to  commemorate  the  occasion,  and  the 
men  working  on  the  bridge  were  plentifully  regaled  with  strong 
ale.  August  15th,  the  bridge  was  opened  without  any  ceremony, 
but  was  not  brought  into  ordinary  use  until  the  4th  February, 
1850.  The  structure  consists  of  six  arches,  each  having  a  span  of 
125  feet,  with  two  curved  approaches  66  feet  in  length,  the  whole 
being  formed  of  cast  iron  pillars  and  arches,  from  designs  by 
Robert  Stephenson.  The  contract  for  the  metal  work  was  taken 
by  Messrs.  Hawks,  Crawshay,  and  Co.,  for  £112,000,  and  they 
were  assisted  in  completing  it  by  Messrs.  Losh,  Wilson,  and  Bell, 
who  executed  the  approaches,  and  by  Messrs.  Abbot  and  Co.,  who 
east  the  arches.  The  total  weight  of  iron  employed  was  5,050 
tons.  The  length  of  the  viaduct  is  1,337  feet,  length  of  waterway 
512  feet,  height  from  high  water  mark  to  the  line  of  railway  112 
feet,  and  to  the  carriage-way  85  feet.  The  erection  of  the  bridge 
and  viaducts  required  the  removal  of  655  families  in  Newcastle 
and  130  in  Gateshead,  which  necessarily  added  much  to  the 
expense  of  the  undertaking,  which  was  as  follows : — Cost  of 
bridge,  £243,000;  approaches,  £113,153;  land  and  compensa- 
tion, £135,000;  total,  £491,153. 

1849  (June  20).— Died,  at  Fowberry  Tower,  aged  75,  Matthew 
Culley,  esq.,  the  last  of  the  celebrated  Northumbrian  agriculturists 
of  that  name,  A  few  weeks  before  his  death  Mr.  Culley  purchased 
Horton  estate  from  Earl  Grey  for  £46,000.  He  was  succeeded 
in  his  large  property  by  his  nephew,  George  Darling,  esq.,  of 
Hetton  House. 

June  25. — The  Newcastle  Races  commenced  this  day.  The  Nor- 
thumberland Plate  was  won  by  Mr.  B.  Eddison's  b  c  John  Cosser 
(Charlton),  beating  Malton,  Snowstorm,  and  nine  others.  The 
Gold  Cup  was  won  by  Mr.  Merry's  gr  h  Chanticleer  (Marlowe).  In 
order  to  avoid  a  walk  over  Mr.  S.  Ogle's  ch  f  Camphine  ran  behind. 
Any  odds  upon  Chanticleer.  The  above  prize,  which  was  in  the 
form  of  an  elegant  candelabrum,  was  displayed,  as  usual,  in  front 
of  the  Grand  Stand.  It  was  of  massive  construction,  of  bright 
and  frosted  silver,  and  31  inches  in  height.  The  base  forms 
a  tripod,  on  which  are  three  couchant  horses,  supporting  the 
same  number  of  shields.  The  stem  was  of  rich  acanthus  leaves, 
from  which  sprung  six  branches  for  lights,  surmounted  by  a 
chaste  and  beautiful  figure  of  Victory,  holding  a  garland  of 
laurels.  It  was  manufactured  by  Messrs.  Reid  and  Sons,  Grey- 
street,  Newcastle. 

June  29. — Died,  at  Kenton,  aged  104,  Mr.  Selby  Robson. 
The  deceased  was  the  father  of  eighteen  children,  sixty-nine 


A.D.  1849.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  247 

grand- children,  fifty-eight  great  grand-children,  and  two  great 
great  grand -children,  making  a  total  of  147  descendants. 

1849  (July). — Whilst  workmen  were  engaged  in  sinking  Seaton 
and  Seaham  Colliery  they  found  a  live  toad  embedded  in  the  solid 
limestone  rock,  183  feet  from  the  surface.  The  reptile,  which 
was  of  a  very  curious  shape,  died  soon  after  it  was  extricated,  and 
was  afterwards  exhibited  at  Seaham,  by  Mr.  Thomas  Chilton, 
innkeeper. 

July  2. — Cholera  broke  out  with  most  fatal  virulence  at  North 
Shields,  and  from  this  date  to  November  13th  there  were  315 
deaths  in  Tynemouth  Union  from  that  disease  alone. 

July  10. — At  the  Thames  Regatta  the  grand  champion  prize  for 
four-oared  boats  was  won  by  the  St.  Agnes,  of  Newcastle,  the 
crew  of  which  consisted  of  R.  and  H.  Clasper,  of  Newcastle,  and 
R.  and  T.  Coombes,  of  London. 

July  28. — Whilst  a  carpenter,  named  John  Smith,  of  New- 
castle, was  at  work  on  the  High  Level  Bridge,  he  stepped  upon  a 
loose  plank,  which  immediately  canted  over,  and  he  was  thrown 
headlong  over  the  bridge.  In  his  descent,  however,  the  leg  of  his 
fustian  trousers  caught  a  large  nail,  which  had  been  driven  into 
the  timber  just  upon  the  level  of  the  lower  roadway,  90  feet  above 
the  river,  and  what  is  very  remarkable,  he  hung  suspended  until 
some  of  the  workmen  rescued  him  from  his  perilous  situation. 

August  6. — Sir  Robert  Peel,  bart.,  accompanied  by  his  family, 
arrived  in  Newcastle,  on  his  way  to  the  Highlands,  and  stayed 
for  the  night  at  the  Queen's  Head  Inn.  In  the  course  of  the 
evening  the  right  honourable  baronet  took  a  walk  through  the 
town,  taking  particular  notice  of  Mr.  Grainger's  erections,  the 
High  Level  Bridge,  &c.  He  was  loudly  cheered  by  a  large  crowd 
at  the  railway  station  on  his  departure. 

August  8. — This  afternoon  an  awful  storm  of  thunder  and 
lightning  broke  over  Newcastle  and  the  neighbourhood.  About 
two  o'clock  the  sound  of  thunder  and  large  drops  of  rain  indicated 
the  approach  of  a  tempest.  In  a  short  time  flash  after  flash  of 
the  intensest  brightness  lighted  up  the  otherwise  murky  expanse, 
and  peal  after  peal  shook  many  dwellings  to  their  foundations. 
Now  the  electric  fluid,  zigzag  and  pointed,  issued  forth  from  the 
overhanging  darkness  like  the  swift  weapon  of  some  minister  of 
vengeance,  commissioned  to  destroy.  At  Long  Benton,  Miss  Hall, 
of  the  Ship  Inn,  was  killed  instantaneously  by  a  flash  of  lightning, 
and  the  house  and  furniture  were  nearly  destroyed.  A  female, 
named  Scott,  in  the  Dog-bank,  Newcastle,  was  struck  by  the 
electric  fluid,  the  ring  on  her  finger  was  melted,  and  she  and  her 
child  were  severely  scorched.  At  Cramlington  nine  young  men 
had  taken  refuge  in  the  engine  shed  at  Shank  House  Colliery, 
•when  the  lightning  struck  the  building,  and  killed  a  man  named 
Robert  Liddell.  Five  men  were  also  struck  and  much  burnt  near 
the  same  place,  A  man  named  John  Stephenson  was  killed  at 
Byer's  Green.  Amongst  the  property  seriously  damaged  by  the 
storm,  in  Newcastle,  were  Mr.  Hardcastle's  floor-cloth  manufac- 


248  HISTORICAL    REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1849. 

tory,  where  four  men  were  seriously  injured  ;  the  house  of  Mr.  E. 
Mather,  Lovaine-place  ;  Mr.  Henderson's  Leazes-crescent ;  one  of 
the  domes  of  the  Central  Exchange,  and  a  house  in  Rewcastle- 
chare.  So  tremendous  was  the  storm  that  Newgate -street,  near 
St.  Andrew's  Church,  was  impassable  for  several  hours,  and 
sixty  cart  loads  of  mud  were  afterwards  taken  away  from 
Gallowgate  alone.  The  Stock-bridge  was  also  in  a  similar 
state,  and  in  Gateshead,  where  the  fair  was  being  held,  several 
of  the  stalls  and  a  quantity  of  shoes,  &c.,  were  washed  into 
the  Tyne. 

1849  (August  17). — Died,  in  Newcastle,  aged  68,  Sir  Cuthbert 
Sharp.  F.S.A.,  and  collector  of  customs  at  that  port.  This  distin- 
guished local  antiquary  was  the  son  of  Mr.  Cuthbert  Sharp,  ship- 
owner, and  Susannah  Crosby,  sister  of  Brass  Crosby,  Lord  Mayor 
of  London  in  1771.  He  was  born  at  Sunderland,  and  received  his 
early  education  at  the  school  of  Dr.  Burney,  Greenwich.  The 
deceased,  at  an  early  age,  accepted  a  commission  in  a  regiment  of 
fencible  cavalry,  and  he  served  in  Ireland,  during  the  rebellion, 
until  these  cavalry  forces  were  disbanded.  Mr.  Sharp  then  retired 
from  military  life,  and  during  the  peace  of  Amiens  he  paid  a  visit 
to  Paris,  but  after  the  disruption  he  was  taken  prisoner,  with  other 
Englishmen,  and  detained  in  France  for  some  years.  At  last, 
through  the  influence  of  the  Grand  Juge  Regnier,  he  obtained 
permission  to  visit  Holland,  and  from  thence  be  returned  to 
England.  He  then  settled  at  Hartlepool,  devoting  himself  in 
retirement  to  literary  pursuits,  in  intimacy  with  the  late  John 
Ingram  and  Robert  Surtees,  of  Mainsforth,  whose  kindred  tastes 
encouraged  him  in  the  study  of  the  local  antiquities  and  history  of 
the  north.  Having  been  elected  a  burgess  of  Hartlepool,  his  turn 
to  serve  the  office  of  mayor  arrived  in  the  year  1816,  during  which 
he  received  the  honour  of  knighthood,  on  presenting  an  address  to 
His  Royal  Highness  the  Prince  Regent.  During  the  same  year 
he  published  his  "  History  of  Hartlepool,"  a  very  elaborate  and 
interesting  work,  which  established  his  reputation  as  an  English 
antiquary.  In  1823  he  was  appointed  collector  of  customs  at 
Sunderland,  and  in  1845  he  was  promoted  to  the  same  office  at 
Newcastle,  which  appointment  he  held  until  the  time  of  his  death. 
His  other  publications  were  "  Memorials  of  the  Rebellion  of 
1569,"  a  "Memoir  of  Brass  Crosby,"  "  Chronicon  Mirabile," 
"  The  Bishopric  Garland,"  and  several  other  works.  He  held  the 
office  of  D.P.G.M.  of  Freemasons  of  the  province  of  Durham  for 
the  last  seventeen  years  of  his  life,  and  was  greatly  regretted  by 
the  members  of  that  body. 

August  19. — A  violent  outbreak  of  cholera  took  place  at 
Barnard  Castle.  During  the  last  five  months  of  the  year  146 
deaths  occurred  in  that  town  from  this  direful  disease. 

August  22. — Mr.  Robert  Heughan,  a  respectable  draper  in 
North  Shields,  threw  himself  from  the  cliffs,  near  Cullercoats,  and 
was  killed  on  the  spot.  He  had  been  for  some  time  in  a  low  state 
of  mind. 


A.D.  1849.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  249 

1849  (August  SI). — Died,  at  his  marine  residence,  Marsden 
Bock,  aged  51,  Mr.  Peter  Allan.  This  singular  individual  was  a 
native  of  Tranent,  in  Scotland,  but  came,  early  in  life,  to  the 
neighbourhood  of  Sunderland,  and  in  1828  he  took  up  his  abode 
amongst  the  fantastic  caves  and  rocks  with  which  the  coast  of 
Whitburn  is  studded.  By  dint  of  great  exertion  he  succeeded  in 
excavating  five  or  six  apartments  out  of  the  limestone  rock,  in 
which  he  established  himself  as  an  innkeeper,  and  from  the  peculiar 
beauty  of  the  scenery  it  became  a  favourite  resort  of  pic-nic  parties 
from  the  surrounding  neighbourhood.  In  this  place  Mr.  Allan, 
brought  up  a  large  family  with  great  respectability,  and  it  was  not 
until  1848  that  the  lord  of  the  manor  (Mr.  Ellison)  made  any 
claim  for  rent.  The  matter  was  compromised  by  Allan  obtaining 
a  lease  of  the  property,  which  has  been  greatly  improved  by 
additional  rooms  built  against  the  face  of  the  rock.  The  place  is 
still  inhabited  by  the  family. 

September  3. — Jonas  Worthington,  Emanuel  Fulwood,  Thomas 
Miller,  and  Solomon  Bankes,  four  workmen,  belonging  to  Bishop- 
wearmouth,  went  out  to  sea  this  afternoon,  on  a  pleasure  excursion. 
Next  morning  their  boat  was  picked  up  bottom  upwards.  Emanuel 
Fulvvood's  body  was  the  only  one  found. 


AUSTIN  TOWER,  DEMOLISHED  TO  ERECT  THE  MANORS  STATION. 

September  28. — This  day  the  Queen,  Prince  Albert,  and  the 
royal  children  visited  Newcastle  on  their  return  from  their  annual 
visit  to  Scotland.  Unfortunately  the  weather  did  not,  on  this 
occasion,  second  the  wishes  of  the  countless  thousands  who 
assembled  to  greet  their  sovereign.  But  this  by  no  means  damped 

i  1 


250  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1849. 

the  loyal  enthusiasm  of  the  inhabitants  of,  and  visitors  to,  the 
town.  Numerous  parties,  many  of  them  from  considerable  dis- 
tances, had  arrived  the  preceding  day,  and  the  influx  of  visitors 
was  so  great  that  some  had  great  difficulty  in  procuring  accom- 
modation. Triumphal  arches  were  erected  across  the  railway  at 
various  parts  of  the  line,  and,  notwithstanding  -'  the  pelting  of  the 
pitiless  storm,"  great  crowds  assembled  at  every  place  likely  to 
afford  a  sight  of  the  illustrious  travellers.  At  Heaton  there  was* 
a  profuse  display  of  flags  and  ornamental  devices  in  flowers. 
The  tunnel  under  New  Bridge-street  and  the  arch  of  the  Argyle- 
street  bridge  were  richly  decorated  with  laurel,  flowers,  &c., 
arranged  with  great  taste,  and  on  the  latter  was  a  conspicuous 
inscription  "  Welcome  to  Newcastle  and  Gateshead."  From 
thence  to  the  Manors  Railway  Station  a  vast  number  of  banners 
floated  in  all  directions,  and  flags  were  also  displayed  from  the 
spire  of  All  Saints',  the  Castle,  Guildhall,  Mansion  House,  &c., 
&c.,  besides  a  number  on  the  High  Level  Bridge.  Dense  masses 
of  spectators  were  upon  every  eminence  commanding  a  view  of 
the  railway,  and  the  most  enthusiastic  loyalty  was  manifested  by 
all  classes.  Shortly  after  twelve  o'clock  the  Castle  guns  announced 
the  arrival  of  the  royal  train  within  the  boundaries  of  the  town, 
and  immediately  all  eyes  were  fixed  upon  the  first  portion  of  line 
visible  to  the  several  spectators.  The  pilot-engine  then  arrived 
and  the  expectations  of  thousands  were  raised  to  their  utmost 
pitch.  Soon  afterwards  the  train  with  its  royal  occupants  was 
discerned  on  the  viaduct  leading  through  the  town  and  the  hum  of 
voices  at  hand  and  distant  cheering  marked  the  onward  progress 
of  the  carriages.  As  the  train  advanced  the  enthusiasm  of  those 
who  obtained  a  view  of  her  m;ijesty  was  intense,  and  was 
frequently  acknowledged  by  the  royal  party.  On  reaching  the 
north-west  extremity  of  the  line  an  engine  was  attached  to  the 
train,  richly  ornamented  with  banners  and  evergreens,  and  they 
were  drawn  towards  the  centre  of  the  High  Level  Bridge,  where 
a  spacious  platform  had  been  erected  for  the  accommodation  of 
the  Mayor,  Recorder,  and  Corporation  of  Newcastle  ;  the  Mayor 
and  Corporation  of  Gateshead  ;  the  Mayor  and  Corporation  of 
Durham  ;  a  detachment  of  the  63rd  Regiment  j  and  a  large  party 
of  ladies  and  gentlemen.  A  beautiful  triumphal  arch  spanned  the 
lofty  bridge,  bearing  the  motto  "  Welcome  on  both  sides  of  the 
Tyne,"  which,  with  the  countless  flags  on  the  ships  and  on  each 
side  of  the  river,  had  a  very  fine  effect.  On  arriving  in  front  of 
the  platform  her  majesty  was  welcomed  with  loud  and  repeated 
cheering,  which  the  Queen,  as  well  as  Prince  Albert,  graciously 
acknowledged.  Indeed,  the  condescending  and  animated  manner 
of  her  majesty  delighted  all,  while  her  light  and  beaming  counten- 
ance, in  some  measure,  reflected  the  pleasure  she  experienced  at 
the  warm  and  joyous  reception  given  to  her.  Every  heart  seemed 
to  be  animated  with  the  kindliest  sensations,  and  many  a  spon- 
taneous expression  was  uttered  for  the  health  and  prosperity  and 
happy  reign  of  Queen  Victoria,  her  Royal  Consort,  and  her 


A.D.  1849.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  251 

beautiful  group  of  children.  Sir  George  Grey  having  presented 
the  Mayor  of  Newcastle  (Captain  Weatherley),  his  worship 
presented  a  dutiful  address  from  the  ancient  town  of  which  he 
was  the  representative.  The  Mayor  of  Gateshead  (Mr.  Hawks) 
then  offered  an  address  from  that  town,  both  documents  being 
received  with  marked  courtesy.  After  the  royal  party  had 
remained  about  fifteen  minutes  on  the  bridge,  surveying  the  rather 
novel  appearance  which  the  town  presents  from  that  lofty  edifice, 
the  train  gradually  moved  off,  amidst  deafening  cheers  from  the 
assembled  crowds  and  another  royal  salute  from  the  castle.  In 
the  evening  many  of  the  tradesmen  in  Newcastle  illuminated  the 
front  of  their  premises  in  honour  of  the  royal  visit,  and  a  grand 
dinner  took  place  in  Gateshead,  the  Mayor  presiding.  This  was 
the  first  visit  of  a  Queen  of  England  to  Newcastle  since  1461, 
when  Margaret  of  Anjou  fled  to  it  after  the  Battle  of  Towton. 
About  one  o'clock  the  Queen  reached  Darlington,  having  been 
received  throughout  the  county  of  Durham  with  unmingled 
expressions  of  attachment  and  respect.  The  station  was  hung 
with  banners  and  decorated  with  evergreens  and  flowers,  and  the 
royal  party  were  hailed  with  rapturous  acclamations  by  the 
multitude  assembled.  The  Chief  Bailiff  of  Darlington  (Mr.  F. 
Mewburn)  was  introduced  to  the  Queen  and  delivered  an  address 
from  the  inhabitants,  and,  after  several  gentlemen  had  had  the 
honour  of  being  presented,  the  train  again  proceeded  southwards, 
the  royal  party  sleeping  at  Derby  in  the  evening,  and  reaching 
Osborne  House,  Isle  of  Wight,  at  half-past  four  o'clock  in  the 
afternoon  of  the  29th. 

1849  (September  28). — This  morning,  John  Thompson,  Robert 
Thompson,  Matthew  Mitcalf,  John  Mitcalf,  Robert  Young,  and 
Edward  Cooper,  six  pilots  belonging  to  Monkwearmouth,  put  off 
to  sea  in  a  coble  from  the  beach  at  Whitburn  Bay.  They  had 
not  been  many  minutes  at  sea  when  the  boat  swamped  and  John 
Thompson,  Robert  Thompson,  and  Mattkew  Mitcalf  were  unfortu- 
nately drowned. 

September. — During  this  month  the  cholera  attained  its  greatest 
virulence  in  the  district,  and  its  ravages  excited  intense  alarm. 
Nearly  one-third  of  the  population  of  the  villages  of  Larnesley, 
Wreckington,  and  Ayton  Banks,  near  Gateshead,  were  affected 
with  the  disease,  and  more  than  one-half  of  the  cases  terminated 
fatally.  At  North  Shields  137  were  reported  in  a  single  week, 
and  the  total  mortality  in  the  Tynernouth  and  South  Shields 
Unions  was  no  less  than  1,174  ;  in  Sunderland  the  deaths 
amounted  to  435  ;  Newcastle,  414  ;  Gateshead,  292 ;  Durham, 
232 ;  Barnard  Castle,  146 ;  Alnwick,  142  ;  Berwick,  49  ;  and 
Hartlepool,  161.  The  total  number  of  deaths  from  cholera^ 
during  the  year  in  the  two  counties  were  : — Durham,  2,022 ; 
Northumberland,  1,680. 

October  9. — A  very  handsome  service  of  plate  was  presented  to 
John  Grey,  esq.,  of  Dilston,  by  the  members  of  the  Tyneside' 
Agricultural  Society.  The  testimonial  consisted  of  a  superb  and 


252 


HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OP 


[A.D.  1849. 


highly  finished  six  armed  acanthas  centre  piece,  suitable  either  aa 
a  candlebra  or  an  epergne.  On  its  base,  which  formed  a  rich 
scroll  tripod,  were  the  arms  of  Mr.  Grey,  and  also  the  following 
inscription  : — To  John  Grey,  esq.  Presented  by  the  members  of 
the  Tyneside  Agricultural  Society,  of  which  he  was  the  founder, 
and  by  his  numerous  other  friends,  as  an  expression  of  the  high 
estimation  they  entertain  of  his  character  and  talents,  and  of  his 
invaluable  services  rendered  to  the  interests  of  agriculture.  In 
addition  to  the  above  there  were  four  silver  double  corner  dishes 
of  elegant  design  and  very  chaste  in  workmanship,  The  gift  was 
valued  at  upwards  of  £300,  and  contained  nearly  500  ounces  of 
silver,  and  was  manufactured  at  Messrs.  Reid  and  Sons,  of  New- 
castle, and  certainly  was  an  additional  evidence  of  their  superior 
skill  in  their  profession.  The  presentation  took  place  at  Hexham, 
at  the  White  Hart  Inn.  The  Rev.  C.  Bird  presided  on  the 
occasion,  and  Mr.  Ogle,  M.P.,  Mr.  G.  Darling,  Mr.  H.  Morton, 
and  other  gentlemen  addressed  the  meeting,  bearing  witness  to  the 
distinguished  merits  of  Mr.  Grey,  as  an  agriculturist,  and  his 
disinterested  industry  and  peculiar  ability  in  inculcating  an  im- 
proved system  of  husbandry  in  the  district.  Mr.  Grey  returned 
thanks  for  the  present  in  very  eloquent  terms. 


DILSTON    CASTLE. 

1849  (October  20;.— -A  man  named  George  Hunter,  a  pitman  at 
Cowpen,  was  murdered  under  the  following  circumstances.  He 
was  proceeding  from  Cowpen  to  Blyth  Square,  where  he  resided, 
when  he  was  waylaid  by  two  men  who  knocked  him  down  and 
beat  him  with  bludgeons  about  the  head  in  a  most  dreadful 
manner  so  that  he  died  on  the  following  day.  Hunter  had 


A.D.  1849.1 


REMARKABLE   EVENTS. 


253 


refused  to  join  the  trades  union,  formed  at  the  colliery,  which  was 
supposed  to  have  been  the  cause  of  the  murder.  The  perpetrators 
of  the  deed  were  not  discovered. 

1849  (October  31). — Early  this  morning  a  most  alarming  and 
destructive  fire  broke  out  in  the  General  Bond  Warehouse, 
situated  in  the  Close,  Newcastle,  belonging  to  Mr.  Amor  Spoor, 
and  before  the  flames  could  be  subdued  the  contents  of  two  of  the 
warehouses,  which  principally  consisted  of  hemp,  tallow,  groceries, 
wine,  brandy,  rum,  &c.,  &c.,  were  completely  destroyed.  The 
damage  was  estimated  at  several  thousand  pounds. 


WHITE  FRIAR  TOWER  AND  CLOSE  GATE 

November  1. — The  first  election  of  councillors  for  the  newly- 
incorporated  borough  of  Tynemouth  took  place,  and  considerable 
excitement  prevailed  amongst  the  inhabitants.  All  places  of 
business  were  closed,  bands  of  music  paraded  the  streets  guns 
were  fired,  and  every  token  of  rejoicing  was  manifested.  Captain 
Lmskill  was  the  returning  officer  appointed  by  the  charter,  and  the 
polling,  which  commenced  at  eight  o'clock,  continued  with  unabated 
activity  until  four  o'clock  in  the  afternoon.  The  official  declaration 
was  made  at  eight  o'clock,  in  the  Town  Hall,  as  follows  :— Tune- 
mouth  Ward— Mr.  Solomon  Mease,  262;  Mr.  John  Carr  Low 
Lights  Pottery  256  ;  Mr.  Robert  Cleugh,  215;  Mr.  Matthew 
Popplewell,  212  ;  Mr.  John  Owen,  161 ;  Mr.  George  Shotton,  161. 
3?T*  7oere  °ther  Six  candidates.  North  Shields  Ford— Mr. 
Michael  Spencer,  237;  Mr.  George  Sabbas  Tyzack,  230;  Mr.  B. 
Pow,  220;  Mr.  B.  Forth,  197;  Mr.  George  Hall,  166  j  Mr.  John 


254  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1849. 

Twizell,  141.  There  were  other  five  candidates.  Percy  Ward— 
Captain  Linskill,  216  ;  William  Richmond,  195  ;  E.  H.  Greenhow, 
190 ;  William  Davison,  174 ;  Alexander  Bartleman,  146  ;  John 
Robson,  133.  There  were  other  four  candidates.  In  the  evening 
there  was  a  grand  display  of  fireworks,  blazing  tar  barrels  were 
rolled  along  the  streets,  and  suppers  and  other  entertainments  were 
given  at  several  of  the  inns.  November  9th,  some  further 
rejoicings  took  place,  on  the  election  of  mayor.  Messrs.  William 
Linskill,  Robert  Povv,  Solomon  Mease,  Alexander  Bartleman, 
Michael  Spencer,  and  Matthew  Popplewell  were  appointed  the  first 
aldermen  of  the  borough,  and  Captain  Linskill  was  appointed 
chief  magistrate.  The  design  for  the  common  seal  of  the  new 
corporation  was  fixed  upon  shortly  after.  The  shield  bears  the 
arms  of  the  former  Priors  of  Tynemouth — on  a  field  gules  three 
crowns  in  pale,  or — to  which  was  added  a  ship,  for  a  crest,  with  a 
miner  and  a  sailor  for  supporters,  and  the  motto,  Messis  ab  altis— 
our  harvest  is  from  the  deep. 

1849  (November  9). — The  annual  elections  of  mayors  for  the 
counties  of  Northumberland  and  Durham  took  place,  with  the 
following  results  :  —  Newcastle  —  Joseph  Crawhall,  esq.,  mayor  ; 
Ralph  Dodds,  esq.,  sheriff.  Gateshead  — -  George  Hawks,  esq. 
Tynemouth  —  Captain  Linskill.  Sunderland — William  Ord,  esq. 
Durham — Robert  Thwaites,  esq.  Stockton — Charles  Trotter,  esq. 
Morpeth  —  William  Clark,  esq.  Berwick — William  Smith,  esq.  ; 
William  Elliott,  esq.,  sheriff. 

December  4. — This  morning  the  inhabitants  of  North  and 
South  Shields  were  thrown  into  the  greatest  consternation  by  a 
most  appalling  and  melancholy  catastrophe  occurring  off  the  bar. 
It  appeared  that,  during  a  heavy  gale,  a  brig  called  the  Betsy,  of 
Littlehampton,  and  the  Danish  schooner  Aurora,  drove  upon  the 
Herd  Sand,  at  the  entrance  of  the  river  Tyne,  by  which  their 
crews  were  placed  in  imminent  peril.  In  a  short  time  the  New- 
castle and  South  Shields  lifeboat,  manned  by  twenty- four  as  able 
and  experienced  pilots  as  South  Shields  contained,  was  launched, 
and  proceeded  to  the  aid  of  the  men  on  board  of  the  vessels.  The 
boat  was  soon  alongside  the  brig,  and  ropes  were  being  secured  to 
the  latter  to  facilitate  communication,  when  a  tremendous  sea,  in  a 
conical  form,  caught  the  boat  under  its  larboard  quarter,  canted  it 
upwards,  and  then  whirled  it  over,  bottom  upwards,  the  whole 
crew  being  engulphed  in  the  boiling  surge.  The  men  on  board 
the  Betsy  stood  a  few  moments  aghast  at  the  awful  scene,  but  did 
all  they  could  under  the  circumstances  by  throwing  pieces  of  timber 
overboard  to  aid  any  of  the  men  to  save  themselves,  but  all  in  vain. 
Only  four  of  the  party  were  saved,  the  tempestuous  sea  washing 
the  others  away  one  by  one.  Thus,  in  a  few  moments,  not  a 
vestige  was  seen  of  twenty  devoted  and  brave  men,  who  had  so 
shortly  before  breathed  with  hope  and  animation.  All  was  hushed 
save  the  wild  wind  and  the  remorseless  dash  of  billows,  and  no 
dirge  sung  the  requiem  of  their  departed  spirits  save  the  murmuring 
of  the  hollow  sea.  The  accident  created  a  great  sensation  through- 


A.D.  1850.]  REMARKABLE   EVENTS  255 

out  the  kingdom,  and  a  subscription,  amounting  to  upwards  of 
£3,000,  was  raised  for  the  widows  and  children  of  the  unfortunate 
sufferers. 

1849  (December  8). — Died,  at  Linden,  Northumberland,  aged  76, 
Charles  William  Bigge,  esq.,  a  gentleman  well  known,  universally 
respected,  and,  perhaps,  during  his  life,  one  of  the  most  active  and 
useful  members  of  the  county  with  which  he  was  associated  by  birth 
and  interest,  and  a  bright  example  of  an  English  country  gentleman. 
He  was  well  educated,  intelligent,  upright,  and  straightforward  in 
his  conduct,  kind  and  benevolent  in  his   disposition,  social  in  his 
habits,  and  of  easy  access  to  everyone  who  sought  his  intimacy  or 
his  aid   and  advice.     Mr.   Bigge,   who  succeeded  to  the  family 
estates  on  the  death  of  his  father  in  1794,  was  appointed,  in  1798, 
Lieutenant-Colonel  of  the  second  battalion  of  the  Northumberland 
Militia.     In  1829  he  succeeded   Thomas  Clennell,  esq.,  as   Chair- 
man of  the   Bench  of  Magistrates,  the  duties  of  which   office  he 
continued  to  discharge  with  great  ability  until  1830,  when  declining 
health  compelled  him  to  relinquish  it.     Mr.  Bigge  was  considered 
for  upwards  of  fifty  years  one  of  the  leaders  of  the  Whig  party  in 
Northumberland,  but  political  strife  never  deprived   him  of  the 
high  respect  and  good  opinion  of  his  most  determined  opponents  ; 
and  as  a  friend,  a   landlord,  a  magistrate,  and  a  master  he  was 
universally  held  in  estimation.     He  removed  from  the  old  family 
mansion  at  Benton  in  1812,  having  then  completed  the  erection  of 
his  new  hall  at  Linden.     He  was  succeeded  in  his  estates  by  his 
grandson.     His  eldest  son,  Charles  John  Bigge,  esq.,  who  was  the 
first  mayor  elected  for  Newcastle  after  the  passing  of  the  Municipal 
Reform  Act,  died  in  1846,  aged  43. 

December  14. — A  public  dinner  was  given  in  the  Commercial 
Hotel,  North  Shields,  to  William  Linskill,  esq.,  Mayor  of  the 
New  Borough  of  Tynemouth,  in  gratitude  for  his  exertion  "  for  the 
emancipation  of  the  commerce  of  the  Tyne."  Upwards  of  150  of 
the  most  respectable  inhabitants  were  present,  the  chair  being 
occupied  by  Mr.  R.  Pow,  and  the  vice-chairs  by  Messrs.  Bartleman, 
Spencer,  and  Straker. 

1850  (January  4). — Messrs.  Thomas  and  James  Hodgson  having 
disposed  of  the  "  Newcastle  Chronicle,"  No.  4,459  was  published 
by  Mr.  M.  W,  Lambert  for  himself  and  partners.  The  "  Chronicle" 
was  established  iu  1764.  by  Mr.  Thomas  Slack,  and  was  published 
until  his  death,  in  1 784,  when  he  was  succeeded  by  his  son-in-law, 
Mr.  Solomon  Hodgson.     After  Mr.  Hodgson's  death,  in  1800,  the 
publication  of  the  "  Chronicle"  was  continued  by  his  widow,  Mrs. 
8arah  Hodgson,  under  the  able  management  and  editorship  of  Mr. 
William  Preston,  for  upwards  of  twenty-two  years.     A  splendid 
portrait  and  an   exact  likeness  of  Mr.  Preston  is  now  in  the  pos- 
session of  Mr.  Thomas  Dixon,  Newcastle.     In  1822  Mrs.  Hodgson 
died,  and  her  sons,  named  above,  took  the  management.     May  24, 
1850,  the  "  Chronicle"  was  published  in  new  premises  in  Grey- 
street  for  the  first  time,  the  machinery  being  put  in  motion  by  one 
of  Mr.  W.  Gr.  Armstrong's  hydraulic  engines. 


256  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OP  [A.D.  1850. 

185Q(January  W). — Died, at  Bishopwearmouth,in  Bridge-street, 
suddenly,  aged  73,  William  Reid  Clanny,  esq.,  M.D.,  F.R.S.,  &c. 
The  deceased  had  practised  in  Sunderland  for  upwards  of  forty- 
five  years  with  great  ability  and  success.  In  1812  he  turned  his 
attention  to  the  cause  of  the  disastrous  calamities  in  coal  mines, 
and  in  the  course  of  his  studies  he  conceived  the  idea  of  a  safety 
lamp,  greatly  different,  however,  from  that  at  present  in  use.  On 
the  1st  October,  1813,  his  lamp  was  exhibited  before  the  Literary 
and  Philosophical  Society  in  Newcastle,  and  in  1815  it  was  tried 
in  Merrington  Pit  with  some  success,  but  owing  to  its  cumbrous 
form  it  never  came  into  use.  As,  however,  it  was  not  until  1815 
that  either  Sir  Humphrey  Davy  or  Mr.  Stephenson  commenced 
their  investigations  on  explosive  mixtures,  it  is  clear  that  Dr. 
Clanny  is  entitled  to  considerable  credit  for  his  invention,  and  on 
February  3rd,  1848,  he  was  presented  with  a  testimonial,  value 
£200,  by  the  Marquis  of  Londonderry  and  other  coal  owners.  The 
deceased  contributed  largely  to  medical  literature,  and  for  his 
valuable  works  in  that  department  he  received  the  ribbon  of  the 
Legion  of  Honour  and  many  other  badges  of  distinction.  A  few 
days  before  his  death  Dr.  Clanny  presented  the  Literary  Society  of 
Sunderland  with  portraits  of  George  III.,  Archdeacon  Paley,  the 
Marquis  of  Londonderry,  Baron  Cuvier,  and  the  donor  himself, 
the  latter  being  from  a  painting  by  Reay,  in  the  Town  Hall, 
presented  to  the  deceased  by  the  medical  profession  in  Sunderland. 

January  29. — This  afternoon  three  vessels  sailed  from  the 
port  of  Sunderland,  but,  the  wind  blowing  strong  from  the  north- 
east, with  a  heavy  sea,  they  were  speedily  driven  ashore,  near  to 
the  south  pier,  the  waves  at  the  same  time  making  a  complete 
breach  over  them.  Immediate  efforts  were  made  to  save  the 
crews,  but,  notwithstanding  the  most  strenuous  exertions,  four 
men,  named  Douglas,  Proud,  Chisholm,  and  Reay  were  swept 
away  by  the  sea  and  drowned.  The  vessels  in  a  short  time  after- 
wards became  total  wrecks. 

January  29. — Great  excitement  was  occasioned  among  the 
inhabitants  in  the  vicinity  of  the  Gaol,  Newcastle,  by  the  report 
that  four  convicts  had  made  their  escape.  Between  twelve 
and  one  at  noon  four  prisoners  under  sentence  of  transportation, 
named  Job  Savage,  John  Dunn,  William  Donkin,  and  Matthew 
Oliver,  had  succeeded  in  making  their  way  from  the  convicts'  to 
to  the  debtors'  yard,  and  by  using  a  ladder  belonging  to  some 
masons  employed  in  the  gaol,  they  gained  the  top  of  the  high  wall 
fronting  Carliol-street.  They  next  tied  a  rope  which  they  had 
obtained  to  the  ladder,  when  three  of  them  lowered  themselves 
into  the  street  and  made  a  precipitate  flight  towards  Trafalgar- 
street.  The  fourth  one  (Job  Savage)  was  not  so  fortunate,  for  on 
reaching  the  pavement  he  was  seized  by  a  person  named  Robson, 
who  was  passing  at  the  time,  transferred  to  his  old  quarters,  and 
the  escape  of  his  comrades  made  known.  A  general  pursuit  was 
commenced,  and  they  were  traced  up  Pandon  Dean,  near  the  old 
water  mill,  and  afterwards  to  Lambert's  Leap.  Dunn,  weary  with 


A.D.   1850.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  257 

running,  leaped  over  the  wall  and  lay  down,  where  he  was  captured 
by  P.O.  Turner.  Donkin  was  taken  in  Mr.  Ralph  Naters'  brewery 
yard,  just  as  he  was  coming  out.  A  most  diligent  search  was 
made  for  Oliver,  who  eluded  detection  until  about  six  o'clock, 
when  he  was  apprehended  by  P.O.  Graham,  coming  along  the 
Shieldfield  without  his  shoes. 


BRANCEPATH  CASTLE,  AS  IT  APPEARED  BEFORE  THE  ALTERATIONS. 

1850  (January  30J. — Died,  at  Brancepath  Castle,  Durham, 
aged  51,  William  Russell,  esq.  Mr.  Russell  succeeded  his  father, 
the  rebuilder  of  the  castle,  in  1822,  and  was  elected  a  repre- 
sentative for  the  county  of  Durham  in  1828,  on  the  elevation  of 
Mr.  Lambton  to  the  peerage.  He  was  again  returned  in  1830 
and  1831,  but  did  not  offer  himself  after  the  passing  of  the  Reform 
Bill.  His  estates  devolved  on  his  only  sister,  Emma  Maria,  who 
married  the  Hon.  Gustavus  Hamilton,  eldest  son  of  Viscount 
Boyne,  and  who  soon  after  assumed  the  name  of  Russell. 

February^. — This  morning,  between  two  and  four  o'clock,  theshop 
of  Mr.  John  Mitchell,  silversmith,  Sunderland,  was  broken  into  and 
the  following  articles  stolen  therefrom  : — 6  large  sized  gold  lever 
watches  ;  4  silver  lever  and  18  silver  geneva  watches  ;  150  fancy 
stone  rings  ;  eighty  wedding  rings ;  &c.,  &c.  The  circumstances 
of  the  case  were  somewhat  extraordinary,  and  it  created  great 
excitement  in  the  town  for  several  weeks.  A  man,  named 
Magnay,  was  subsequently  apprehended  and  transported  for  the 
robbery. 

February  20. — George  Darling,  esq.,  of  Fowberry  Tower,  Nor- 
thumberland, whilst  hunting  with  Lord  Elcho's  hounds  was 
thrown  from  his  horse  wherebv  he  received  some  severe  internal 

K  1 


258  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  fA.D.    1850, 

injuries.  He  was  taken  into  a  cottage  near  at  hand.  Professor 
Syme  was  sent  for  from  Edinburgh,  and  every  available  assistance 
procured,  but  all  efforts  were  in  vain  as  he  sunk  rapidly  and 
breathed  his  last  on  the  24th.  Mr.  Darling  had  recently 
succeeded  to  the  estates  of  his  uncle,  Matthew  Culley,  esq.,  of 
Fowberry  Tower,  and  a  few  weeks  ago  was  appointed  a  magistrate 
for  the  county  of  Northumberland.  The  lamented  gentleman  was 
in  his  44th  year. 

1850  (February '25). — A  meeting  was  held  in  the  Lecture  Room, 
Newcastle,  for  the  purpose  of  hearing  a  statement  from  Captain 
Ibbetson,  who  had  been  deputed  by  Her  Majesty's  Commissioners 
to  assist  in  promoting  an  Exhibition  of  the  Industry  of  all  Nations, 
to  be  held  in  London  m  1851,  The  Mayor  (Mr.  Crawhall) 
presided,  and  resolutions  in  support  of  the  exhibition  were  carried 
unanimously.  Eight  local  commissioners  were  appointed,  the 
Mayor  of  Newcastle  being  the  representative  of  lead  mines  and 
ornamental  art ;  the  Mayor  of  Gateshead  (Mr.  Hawks),  of  iron 
works  ;  Mr.  Hugh  Taylor,  of  coal  mines  ;  Mr.  R.  S.  Newall,  of 
machinery ;  Mr.  J.  Pattinson,  of  chemical  manufactures ;  Mr.  W. 
Smith,  of  shipbuilding ;  Mr.  R.  W.  Swinburne,  of  glass  ;  and  Mr.  J. 
Grey(Dilston),  of  agriculture.  A  subscription  was  opened  to  assist 
in  carrying  out  the  exhibition  which  ultimately  amounted  to  £522'. 
Similar  meetings  were  held  in  all  the  towns  in  the  district,  and  the 
following  were  the  names  of  the  chairmen  of  the  local  committees 
and  the  amounts  subscribed : — Berwick — Captain  Smith,  £26.  Bar~ 
nard  Castle — Rev.  G.  Dugard,  £13.  Darlington — F.  Mewburn, 
£67.  Durham— J.  H.  Forster,  £170.  Hartlepool—J.  P.  Denton, 
£37.  South  Shields  —  R.  Anderson,  £30.  Sunderland —  W. 
Mordey,  £205.  Stockton— C.  Trotter,  ££5. 

March  19. — An  elegant  and  valuable  testimonial  was  presented 
to  Mr.  John  Mawson,  of  Mosley-street,  Newcastle,  consisting  of  a 
handsome  silver  tea  service,  the  "  Encyclopaedia  Britannica"  in  21 
volumes,  "  Allison's  History  of  Europe"  in  20  volumes,  bound 
uniform  with  the  above,  and  all  enclosed  in  a  beautiful  mahogany 
case  made  for  the  purpose  by  Messrs.  Sopwith.  The  tea  service 
was  manufactured  by  Messrs.  Reid  and  Sons.  Upon  a  silver 
plate  in  the  front  of  the  case  is  the  following  inscription: — "A 
testimonial  to  the  exemplary  honour  and  rectitude  of  Mr.  John 
Mawson,  of  Newcastle- upon- Tyne,  as  manifested  in  his  commercial 
transactions,  presented,  in  the  name  of  the  subscribers,  by  William 
McCulloeh,  esq.,  of  London,  March  19th,  1850." 

March  23. — The  most  intense  horror  was  excited  by  the  report 
that  an  atrocious  and  cunningly  devised  murder  had  been  com- 
mitted on  the  person  of  a  woman,  named  Elizabeth  Forbes,  by  one 
•who  ought  to  have  been  her  natural  protector  her  husband,  Patrick 
Forbes,  in  the  Cloggers'-entry,  Head  of  the  Side,  Newcastle. 
From  the  evidence  given  at  the  inquest,  and  subsequently  at  the 
trial  of  the  wretched  prisoner,  it  was  clearly  demonstrated  that 
one  of  the  most  barbarous  modes  which  could  possibly  be  devised 
had  been  adopted  in  accomplishing  this  foul  and  unnatural  murder. 


A.D.  1850.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  259 

It  was  stated  that  the  prisoner,  who  was  a  labouring  man,  led  an 
intemperate  life,  and  that  his  unfortunate  wife  was  too  frequently 
seen  drinking  ty  his  side  in  public  houses  where  he  resorted.  On 
the  day  previous  they  had  been  together  in  the  afternoon,  and 
were  much  the  worse  of  liquor — indeed  it  was  said  that  the  woman 
had  lost  the  use  of  her  limbs  and  had  to  be  carried  upstairs  to  bed 
by  the  prisoner  and  some  women.  They  were  then  left  together, 
and  early  in  the  morning  Forbes  awoke  his  son,  a  boy  12  years  of 
age,  who  was  lying  before  the  fire  of  their  room,  and  told  him 
that  his  mother  was  dead,  and,  upon  an  alarm  being  raised,  it  was 
discovered  that  the  unfortunate  woman  had  been  murdered  in  a 
manner  so  horrible  as  to  be  almost  unprecedented  in  the  annals  of 
crime,  and  it  was  not  until  a  close  examination  had  been  made 
that  the  cause  of  death  became  apparent.  The  perpetrator  of  this 
monstrous  act  was  tried  and  convicted  before  Mr.  Justice  Wight- 
man,  on  the  31st  of  July,  and  his  execution  took  place  at  the  foot 
of  Carliol-street,  near  the  Gaol,  on  the  24th  August. 

1850  (March  30). — A  terrific  gale  visited  the  north-east  coast  of 
England,  and  the  results  were  of  a  most  destructive  character. 
For  some  weeks  previous  the  colliers  bound  from  London  to  the 
Tyne,  had  been  detained  in  Yarmouth  Eoads  by  adverse  winds, 
until  the  number  of  vessels  there  amounted  to  nearly  500,  and  on 
the  28th,  the  wind  having  changed,  they  were  all  liberated  together. 
On  the  29th  the  wind  increased  to  a  violent  gale,  and  in  the  evening 
three  vessels,  the  precursors  of  the  fleet,  were  driven  upon  the 
rocks  at  Tynemouth.  This  morning  these  were  followed  by  a 
Hanoverian  galliot,  next  by  a  Swedish  vessel,  then  by  the  Vigilant 
brig  and  the  Mary  Ann,  of  Shields,  &c.  By  noon  the  gale  was  at 
its  height,  and  the  whole  of  the  vessels  having  now  arrived  off  the 
coast,  a  most  extraordinary  scene  was  witnessed  as  they  crowded 
into  the  river.  Happily  there  was  no  loss  of  life,  but  the  spectacle 
of  upwards  of  thirty  stranded  barks,  some  with  valuable  cargoes, 
was  a  most  melancholy  one.  At  Sunderlan  J,  Hartlepool,  Bamburgh, 
Blyth,  Amble,  and  other  places,  many  casualties  occurred,  and 
the  total  loss  of  property  was  enormous  :  the  damage  at  Sunderland 
alone  being  estimated  at  £26,000. 

April  27. — Mr.  John  Horn  Twizell,  eldest  son  of  John 
Twizell  Wawn,  esq.,  M.P.,  was  accidentally  drowned  in  the  North 
Tyne,  near  Chollerford,  whilst  fishing,  having  been  seized  with  a 
fit  and  fallen  into  the  stream.  The  unfortunate  young  man  was 
in  his  22nd  year. 

June  5. — An  explosion  took  place  in  the  Wellington  Pit,  at 
Us  worth,  the  property  of  Messrs.  Jonassohn  and  Co.  Nearly  160 
persons  were  down  the  pit  at  the  time,  but  the  effects  of  the 
explosion  were  confined  to  one  portion  of  the  mine,  where  twelve 
men  and  a  boy  were  killed. 

June  20. — The  northern  section  of  that  great  commercial 
undertaking,  the  south  dock  at  Sunderland,  was  opened  under 
circumstances  of  great  ceremony  and  splendour.  The  dock  was 
estimated  to  contain  260  vessels,  and  the  half-tide  basin,  28. 


260  HISTORICAL   KEOlSTfcn   OF  ^A.D.  1850. 

Shortly  after  ten  o'clock  G.  Hudson,  esq.,  M.P.,  with  the  directors 
and  shareholders  of  the  company,  walked  in  procession  from  the 
dock-office  to  the  ferry-boat  landing,  where  several  gaily-decked 
steamers  were  in  readiness,  and  the  flotilla,  which  was  joined  by 
numberless  craft,  entered  the  tidal  harbour,  and  passed  into  the 
dock  amidst  immense  cheering  from  upwards  of  30,000  spectators. 
Two  vessels,  the  Welcome  and  the  Cleadon,  elaborately  decked 
with  flags,  were  next  towed  in,  and  placed  under  the  coal  drops, 
where  they  were  speedily  filled  with  Haswell  and  South  Hetton 
coals,  and  they  were  immediately  succeeded  by  two  other  ships,  the 
Don  and  the  Susannah.  The  directors  then  landed  with  their 
friends,  and  sat  down  to  an  elegant  entertainment,  laid  out  in  the 
adjoining  staith,  the  chair  being  occupied  by  Mr.  Hudson.  The 
chairman,  in  complimenting  the  directors  on  their  energy  in  carrying 
out  the  undertaking,  stated  that  the  extent  of  the  dock  was 
unequalled  by  any  in  the  kingdom.  Great  rejoicings  took  place 
amongst  the  inhabitants  generally,  and  the  day  was  kept  as  a 
holiday  throughout  the  neighbourhood, 

l&5Q(June  24). — The  Newcastle  Races  commenced  this  day.  The 
Northumberland  Plate  was  won  by  Lord  Eglinton's  Elthiron  (Cart- 
wright),  beating  Roland,  Glauca,  and  four  others.  The  Gold  Cup 
was  won  by  Lord  Stanley's  Canezou  (Holmes),  beating  S.  Ogle's 
Achyranthes.  5  to  1  on  Canezou.  A  splendid  race  and  won  by 
a  neck. 

June  28. — Some  time  previous  to  this  date  Mr.  Steel,  draper, 
Blyth,  had  the  pavement  in  front  of  his  shop  laid  with  flag- 
stones, and  to-day,  in  consequence  of  one  of  the  stones  having 
risen  considerably  above  its  proper  level,  a  mason  was  sent  for  to 
ascertain  the  cause.  On  raising  the  flag,  which  was  about  six 
stones  in  weight,  it  was  discovered  that  three  large  mushrooms 
were  growing  underneath,  and  had  evidently  lifted  it  out  of  its 
proper  position. 

July  30. — The  friends  and  admirers  of  Robert  Stephenson, 
esq.,  M.P.,  the  celebrated  civil  engineer,  gave  him  a  splendid 
public  banquet  in  the  Central  Station,  Newcastle,  as  a  mark  of 
respect  for  his  talents,  science,  and  unblemished  character.  The 
station  was  beautifully  decorated  for  the  occasion,  and  views  of 
Mr.  Stephenson's  greatest  public  works  were  introduced  with 
considerable  effect,  viz.  :— the  Menai  Tubular  Bridge,  the  High 
Level  Bridge  at  Newcastle,  and  the  great  viaduct  at  Berwick.  The 
Hon.  H.  T.  Liddell  presided,  the  vice-chairs  being  occupied  by 
the  Mayors  of  Newcastle  and  Gateshead  (Mr.  Crawhall  and  Mr. 
Hawks).  About  400  gentlemen  were  present,  comprising  almost 
every  influential  person  connected  with  Newcastle,  and  the  pro- 
ceedings throughout  were  of  a  very  pleasing  character.  In  the 
course  of  the  evening  it  was  stated  that  Mr.  Stephenson  had,  up  to 
this  time,  been  engaged  in  the  construction  of  1,790  miles  of  rail- 
way in  England  alone. 

August  18.— Four  persons,  named  John  Clark,  John  Forest, 
Elizabeth  Carr,  and  Ann  Bowey,  engaged  a  boat  at  Sunderland 


A.t).  1850.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  261 

for  the  purpose  of  visiting  Marsden  Rock.  They  were  subse- 
quently observed  off  the  Dove  Rock,  near  Hendon,  but  were  never 
afterwards  heard  of. 

1850  (August  29). — Her  Majesty  the  Queen,  accompanied  by  the 
royal  family,  passed  through  Durham  and  Northumberland  on 
her  way  to  Scotland.  At  Newcastle  the  greatest  preparations  had 
been  made  to  do  honour  to  the  royal  travellers,  and  as  her  majesty 
had  graciously  consented  to  inaugurate  the  Central  Railway 
Station,  that  building  was  beautifully  decorated  throughout.  The 
approach  of  royalty  to  the  ancient  walls  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
in  olden  times,  according  to  traditionary  records,  had  been  marked 
with  every  demonstration  of  splendour  harmonizing  with  the 
occasion,  besides  being  accompanied  with  other  features  corre- 
sponding to  the  stirring  period  in  which  they  lived,  and,  of  course, 
too  frequently,  majesty  was  heralded  in  with  shrill  trump  and  all 
the  pomp  and  circumstance  of  glorious  war.  But  since  those  days 
of  border  feuds  and  civil  and  intestine  broils  other  and  more 
genial  objects  occupy  the  energies  and  pursuit  of  the  nation,  and 
instead  of  pillage  and  commotion  the  humanizing  arts  of  peace 
have  shed  a  refining  and  softening  influence  over  the  land,  and 
England  now  stands  conspicuous  as  possessing  within  itself 
resources  of  the  highest  order  for  the  future  elevation  and  welfare 
of  its  subjects.  At  twenty  minutes  to  one  o'clock  her  majesty's 
arrival  at  the  High  Level  Bridge  was  announced  by  royal  salutes 
fired  from  both  sides  of  the  river,  and  the  train  was  immediately 
drawn  into  the  Central  Station,  amidst  deafening  cheering  and  the 
wildest  enthusiasm.  After  a  formal  reception  of  the  authorities 
the  Queen  acknowledged  the  enthusiastic  salutations  of  the  spec- 
tators by  bowing  graciously,  and  then  proceeded  to  the  suite  of 
apartments  provided  for  her  reception,  where  addresses  from  the 
Corporations  of  Newcastle  and  Gateshead  were  presented.  The 
royal  party  subsequently  partook  of  an  elegant  luncheon,  and  after 
a  stay  of  about  twenty  minutes  they  returned  to  the  train,  where 
they  made  a  brief  but  graceful  adieu  to  the  authorities  and  the 
assemblage  generally,  the  carriages  leaving  the  station  amidst  the 
firing  of  cannon  and  the  heartfelt  acclamations  of  the  public,  who 
densely  lined  the  route  for  a  considerable  distance.  The  royal 
train  then  proceeded  on  to  Berwick,  where  her  majesty  had 
graciously  undertaken  to  open  the  magnificent  railway  bridge 
Which  there  connects  the  two  kingdoms.  The  dense  masses  of 
people  assembled  at  Tweedmouth  and  Berwick  were  quite 
astonishing  considering  the  population  of  the  district,  and  nothing 
could  exceed  the  enthusiasm  of  all  classes.  A  splendid  triumphal 
arch  spanned  the  lofty  bridge,  and  upon  it  was  the  conspicuous 
and  appropriate  inscription,  "  The  Last  Act  of  the  Union."  At 
ten  minutes  past  three  the  train  came  in  sight,  and  as  soon  as  it 
reached  the  station  Mr.  Leeman,  chairman  of  the  York,  Newcastle, 
and  Berwick  Railway  Company,  conducted  her  majesty  and  the 
royal  family,  amidst  every  demonstration  of  joy,  to  a  pavilion 
which  had  been  erected  and  gaily  decorated  for  their  reception. 


262  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.    1850. 

The  Mayor  and  Sheriff  of  Berwick  and  Colonel  Wellesley  were 
then  presented  by  Sir  George  Grey,  and  her  majesty  having  sur- 
veyed the  beautiful  and  extensive  panorama  commanded  by  the 
pavilion  and  expressed  her  admiration  of  the  landscape,  wag 
graciously  pleased  to  name  the  imposing  structure  the  "  Royal 
Border  Bridge."  After  remaining  a  few  minutes  her  majesty  and 
the  prince  returned  to  the  railway  station,  where  an  address  from 
the  Corporation  of  Berwick  was  presented  and  received  very 
courteously.  The  royal  party  then  took  their  seats  and  proceeded 
on  their  route  amidst  enthusiastic  cheering. 

1850  (September  S). — A  number  of  whales  made  their  appearance 
off  Tynemouth,  and  created  some  sensation  amongst  the  numerous 
residents  there.  On  the  following  morning  upwards  of  fifty  tons 
of  fish  arrived  in  Newcastle,  and  herrings  were  sold  at  eight  a 
penny.  The  whales  remained  upon  the  coast  for  some  days. 

September  28. — This  morning  the  passengers  on  the  High 
Level  Bridge  were  alarmed  by  a  man  jumping  off  the  parapet  into 
the  river,  and  afterwards  swimming  towards  the  south  shore. 
On  enquiry  it  was  found  that  the  person's  name  was  Williamson, 
employed  at  Hawks  and  Crawshay's  foundry.  The  feat  had  been 
performed  for  a  wager  of  a  quart  of  ale. 

November  1. — The  first  election  of  councillors  for  the  new 
borough  of  South  Shields  took  place,  and  considerable  excitement 
prevailed  during  the  day.  At  the  close  of  the  poll  the  following 
gentlemen  were  declared  to  be  elected  by  Richard  Shortridge,  the 
returning  officer :—  South  Shields  Ward — James  Young,  263; 
Thomas  Stainton,  263:  George  Potts,  241;  John  Clay,  238; 
John  N,  Hall,  228  ;  T.  Wawn,  206 ;  William  Forest,  196 ;  John 
White,  153;  Thomas  Hudson,  147.  Jarrow  Ward— Matthew 
Stainton,  163;  James  Stevenson,  156;  George  Hudson,  128; 
J.  W.  Lamb,  121;  J.  P.  Elliott,  106;  John  Toshach,  103; 
Joseph  Grey,  92  ;  Errington  Bell,  90 ;  J.  F.  Kennedy,  89. 
Westoe  Ward — John  Robinson,  184;  Thomas  Forsyth,  156: 
C.  N.  Wawn,  141 ;  Bostock  T.  Whinney,  136  ;  H.  Briggs,  115 ; 
T.  Wallis,  114. 

November  5. — Died,  in  Newcastle,  aged  65,  Mr.  Thomas 
Hodgson.  The  deceased  was  formerly  one  of  the  propietors  of  the 
"  Newcastle  Chronicle,"  and  was  the  editor  of  that  periodical  from 
the  close  of  1807  to  the  commencement  of  1848,  when  serious 
illness  disabled  him  from  continuing  his  arduous  task.  Mr. 
Hodgson's  literary  attainments  were  considerable,  and  his  acquaint- 
ance with  the  antiquities  of  the  North  of  England  was  perhaps 
beyond  that  of  any  other  individual  in  the  district.  He  was  of  a 
very  kind  disposition,  and  greatly  esteemed  by  a  large  circle  of 
friends. 

November  9. — The  election  of  mayors  of  the  various  boroughs 
in  Northumberland  and  Durham  took  place  with  the  following 
result  : — Newcastle — William  Armstrong,  esq. ;  Mark  Lambert 
Jobling,  esq.,  sheriff.  Gateshead — Joseph  Robson,  esq.  Tyne- 
mouth— William  Linskill,  esq.  Durham— John  Henry  Forster,  esq. 


A.D.  1851.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  263 

Stockton  —  Charles  Trotter,  esq.  Morpeth  —  George  Brumell, 
esq.  Berwick — George  Ker  Nicholson,  esq.;  Alexander  Cahill, 
esq.,  sheriff.  The  ladies  of  Tynernouth  presented  the  mayor  of 
that  borough  with  an  elegant  gold  chain,  value  100  guineas,  to  be 
worn  by  the  newly  elected  and  every  future  chief  magistrate. 

1850  (November  11). — A  dreadful  explosion  of  gas  occurred  in 
Houghton  Colliery,  the  property  of  the  Earl  of  Durham.  From 
the  close  contiguity  of  the  colliery  to  the  town  from  which  it 
derives  its  name,  the  alarm  spread  in  all  directions,  and  the  usual 
quietude  gave  place  to  the  greatest  consternation  by  the  report 
that  150  lives  were  destroyed,  that  number  being  down  the  pit  at 
the  time  of  the  accident.  A  number  of  brave  men  volunteered, 
with  the  usual  magnanimity  displayed  under  such  circumstances, 
to  make  an  attempt  to  save  their  relatives  and  friends,  and,  after 
five  hours  arduous  exertions,  they  succeeded  in  rescuing  one 
hundred  and  twenty-four  men  and  boys,  many  of  whom  were  in  a 
state  of  insensibility,  the  remainder,  twenty-six  in  number,  were 
found  dead.  The  sufferings  of  the  survivors,  during  the  protracted 
period  which  elapsed  before  their  deliverance,  were  of  the  most 
intense  character,  both  bodily  and  mental,  and  the  meeting  between 
them  and  their  disconsolate  families,  who  had  given  them  up  as 
lost,  will  never  be  forgotten  by  those  who  witnessed  it.  The 
sufferers,  with  two  exceptions,  were  unmarried,  and  the  Earl  of 
Durham  ordered  that  every  necessary  relief  should  be  afforded 
them. 

December  5. — The  Queen  granted  a  new  charter  to  the  town 
of  Hartlepool,  by  which  it  was  in  future  to  be  governed  by  a 
mayor,  four  aldermen,  and  twelve  councillors.  Much  rejoicing 
took  place  on  the  obtainment  of  this  document,  the  former  charter 
having  been  peculiarly  obnoxious  to  the  inhabitants  generally. 

December  18. — A  boiler  explosion  occurred  at  Crow  Trees 
Colliery,  Durham,  by  which  two  men  lost  their  lives.  December 
20th,  a  similar  accident  occurred  at  Ford  Paper  Mill,  near  Sunder- 
land,  by  which  a  father  and  son,  named  Oliver,  were  killed. 

December  1 9. — A  public  dinner  was  given  in  the  Golden  Lion  Inn, 
South  Shields,  to  John  Clay,  esq,,  mayor  of  the  borough,  as  a  mark 
of  the  respect  of  the  inhabitants  and  in  celebration  of  the  incorpo- 
ration of  the  town.  One  hundred  and  forty  gentlemen  sat  down  to 
dinner,  the  chair  being  occupied  by  R.  Ingharn,  esq.,  M.P.,  and  the 
vice-chairs  by  Messrs.  Mather,  Paxton,  and  Wallis. 

1851  (January  4<). — Died,  at  Ramsey,  Isle  of  Man,  aged  38,  Sir 
Henry  Claude  Loraine,  third  son  of  the  late  Sir  C.  Loraine,  bart.,  of 
Kirkharle.  By  the  deaths  of  three  nephews  in  succession,  within 
two  years,  William  Loraine,  esq.,  one  of  the  magistrates  for  the 
borough  of  Newcastle,  succeeded  to  the  baronetcy,  which  has  been 
attached  to  the  family  for  several  generations. 

January  6. — The  first  election  of  councillors  for  the  borough 
of  Hartlepool  took  place,  in  accordance  with  the  provisions  of 
the  new  charter.  There  were  twenty-seven  candidates,  and  much 
excitement  prevailed  throughout  the  day.  The  following  gentle- 


264  HISTORICAL   REGISTER  OP  [A.D.  1851. 

men  were  declared  elected :— S.  Robinson,  472  ;  Robert  Hunter, 
304 ;  Thomas  Robson,  302  ;  John  Todd,  287  ;  C.  Davison,  280 ; 
John  Mowbray,  278;  R.  Brewis,  272;  R.  E.  Button,  269  ;  R. 
Winstanley,  267.  January  14th,  Stephen  Robinson,  esq.,  was 
elected  mayor,  J.  P.  Den  ton,  W.  Gordon,  C.  Davison,  and  J. 
Winstanley  aldermen,  and  Thomas  Belk  town  clerk. 

1851  (January  10). — Died,  at  Fenham  Hall,  near  Newcastle, 
aged  79,  Colonel  Robert  Bell.  The  deceased  served  the  office 
of  Mayor  of  Newcastle  in  1822-3,  and  was  the  only  alderman  of 
the  old  corporation  appointed  to  the  same  office  under  the  new 
regime. 

February  8. — Mr.  William  Martin,  the  well-known  Christian 
Philosopher  and  "•  Philosophical  Conqueror  of  All  Nations,"  died 
in  London,  aged  79.  (See  Sykes,  vol.  2,  page  82.)  The  deceased 
from  his  earliest  youth  exhibited  considerable  indications  of 
mechanical  genius,  and  on  the  31st  of  May,  1814,  he  received  the 
silver  medal  and  ten  guineas  from  the  Society  of  Arts  for  his 
invention  of  a  spring  weighing  machine,  with  circular  dial  and 
index.  His  genius,  however,  was  not  always  so  beneficially 
exercised  nor  so  well  employed,  for  in  1821  he  announced  that  he 
had  discovered  the  principle  of  perpetual  motion,  and  in  the 
following  year  he  exhibited  his  "  Eureka"  in  London  and  other 
places.  Its  motive  power  was  a  strong  current  of  air,  and  it  is 
unnecessary  to  add  that  it  failed  to  answer  the  purpose  of  its 
inventor.  He  then  published  "  A  New  System  of  Natural  Philo- 
sophy, in  Refutation  of  Sir  Isaac  Newton  and  other  Pretenders  to 
Science."  In  June,  1830,  he  undertook  a  lecturing  tour  through- 
out England,  and  returned  in  the  summer  of  the  following  year 
triumphant.  From  that  time  till  within  two  years  of  his  death 
the  "  Philosopher"  continued  to  print  his  lucubrations  on  all  sorts 
of  subjects  in  great  abundance,  and  his  extraordinary  attempts  at 
poetry  contributed  greatly  to  the  amusement  of  the  people.  His 
eccentricities  of  costume  were  not  less  remarkable  :  for  some  years 
previous  to  his  death  his  head-dress  consisted  of  the  shell  of  a 
tortoise,  mounted  with  brass,  and  his  breast  was  generally  orna- 
mented with  a  variety  of  stars  and  other  decorations  of  unknown 
derivation.  This  harmless  eccentric  was  the  brother  of  Jonathan 
Martin,  the  notorious  incendiary,  and  of  the  celebrated  painter, 
John  Martin,  who  kindly  invited  him  to  his  residence  in  1849,  and 
with  whom  he  spent  his  last  days  in  comparative  affluence.  The 
following  is  a  specimen  of  his  poetry  : — 

The  laclie  Faversham,  a  bark  of  30  keels,  sunk  in  Shields  harbour  did  much 

annoy ; 
The  Martinian  invention  gave  her  the  grand  lift,  the  people,  well  pleased, 

shouted  for  joy. 
Glover,  the  diseased  potatoe  quack  doctor,  of  his  wisdom  people  have  of  him 

their  doubts, 
Writer  for  a  silly  doctor  in  Sunderland,  both  as  daft  as  the  calf  that  eats 

clouts. 

George  Stephenson  and  son,  mock  Engineers,  and  both  knaves  and  loons, 
If  they  do  not  answer  the  Philosopher,  a  proof  that  he  has  snuffed  out  their 

full  moons. 


Jl.D.  1851-1  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  265 

1851  (February  II). — A  splendid  piece  of  silver  plate,  costing 
upwards  of  500  guineas,  waspresented  to  Ralph  Ward  Jackson,  esq., 
of  Greatham  Hall,  by  the  merchants,  shipowners,  tradesmen,  and 
others,  residing  in  West  Hartlepool,  or  connected  with  its  trade, 
as  a  token  of  their  admiration  of  the  skill,  energy,  and  patient 
perseverance  displayed  in  projecting  and  executing  the  Hartlepool 
West  Harbour  and  Docks.  If  the  adage  nil  desperandum  was  ever 
applicable  it  was  in  this  case,  for  in  despite  of  natural  and  alleged 
scientific  difficulties  one  individual  of  indomitable  spirit  and  enter- 
prise undertook  the  work,  and  the  result  has  been  crowned  with 
the  most  complete  success.  Hence  the  harbour,  docks,  and  works 
of  West  Hartlepool,  once  a  morass  and  moor,  covering  an  extent 
of  near  300  acres,  with  the  town,  now  having  a  population  of 
upwards  of  20,000,  has  sprung  up  into  notoriety,  as  if  by  talis- 
manic  influence,  and  what  a  few  years  ago  was  a  solitude  is  now  a 
flourishing  mart  of  industry,  trade,  and  commerce,  with  its  docks, 
quays,  and  shipping,  its  streets  and  thoroughfares,  public  buildings 
and  other  concomitants,  the  harbingers  of  future  greatness.  The 
presentation  took  place  at  a  public  dinner,  at  the  Ship  Hotel,  to 
which  150  gentlemen  sat  down,  Mr.  E.  Turnbull,  of  Hartlepool, 
presiding.  Description  of  the  testimonial : — Elevated  on  a  column 
decorated  with  bull-rush  and  lotus  leaves  is  the  bust  of  Mr.  Jackson; 
around  are  the  figures  of  Commerce,  Science,  and  Industry. 
Industry,  with  the  distaff  in  her  hand  and  the  bee  hive  by  her  side, 
supports  it  on  the  right,  while  Science,  her  foot  resting  on  the 
globe,  is  decorating  the  bust  with  a  wreath  of  laurel,  and  Com- 
merce, the  cornucopia  by  her  side  and  the  caduceus  in  her  hand,  is 
pointing  to  a  view  taken  from  the  sea  of  the  Hartlepool  West 
Harbour  and  Docks.  Reclining  on  the  base  are  the  figures  of 
Neptune  and  JEolus,  the  representatives  of  the  elements,  wind  and 
water  ;  between  are  groups  of  shipping  implements,  and  on  the 
pedestal  below  are  panels  containing  the  inscription,  arms,  cypher, 
and  crest  of  Mr.  Jackson,  and  the  various  mouldings  are  formed 
of  cables  and  oak  leaves.  The  whole  is  placed  beneath  a  revolving 
glass  shade,  upon  a  stand  richly  carved  with  dolphins  on  the  feet 
and  emblematical  devices  on  the  sides,  and  stands  upwards  of  six 
feet  in  height.  The  testimonial,  which  was  much  admired  by  the 
company,  has  been  displayed  in  several  of  the  public  exhibitions  of 
this  country. 

March  3.— Died,  in  Oyster  Shell-lane,  Newcastle,  aged  63, 
Mr.  William  Mitford,  shoemaker.  The  deceased  was  one  of  the 
last  of  the  old  school  of  local  poets,  and  was  well  known  in  the 
district.  His  "  Pitman's  Courtship,"  for  its  liveliness  and  fidelity 
to  nature,  may  be  considered  one  of  the  best  of  Newcastle  songs. 

March  18. — Whilst  twenty-three  fishing  boats  were  follow- 
ing their  occupation  off  Newbiggen,  Northumberland,  a  gale 
suddenly  arose,  and  the  sea  was  instantly  thrown  into  a  violent 
state  of  commotion.  The  fishermen  made  for  the  shore  as  speedily 
as  possible,  and  nearly  the  whole  of  them  got  into  Cresswell  in 
safety,  but  two  boats,  which  attempted  to  land  at  Snab's  Point, 

Ll 


266  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.1>.    1851. 

were  upset,  and  of  the  crews,  eight  in  number,  only  one  man  was 
saved.  A  third  boat  was  upset  at  Newbiggen  and  two  of  the  men 
were  lost.  The  melancholy  accidents  were  witnessed  by  hundreds 
of  spectators,  who  were  perfectly  unable  to  render  assistance, 
although  the  men  were  drowned  within  a  few  feet  from  the  shore. 
The  scene  was  one  of  the  most  heartrending  description  :  men, 
women,  and  children,  running  to  and  fro  in  wild  despair,  and 
nothing  was  heard  for  some  time  but  sounds  of  lamentation 
commingling  with  the  roar  and  surge  of  the  ocean.  The  sufferers 
were  nearly  all  closely  related  to  each  other,  and  a  subscription 
was  raised  for  their  surviving  relatives. 

1851  (March  22). — The  coal  miners  of  Northumberland  and 
Durham  assembled  in  the  Lecture  Room,  Newcastle,  for  the 
purpose  of  presenting  Mr.  James  Mather,  of  South  Shields,  with 
an  elegant  piece  of  plate  as  a  token  "  of  their  gratitude  for  his 
talented  and  praiseworthy  exertions  in  promoting  measures  to 
diminish  the  dangers  arising  from  bad  ventilation  and  other  causes 
in  the  mines  of  this  kingdom." 

April  3. — A  numerous  and  influential  meeting  of  the  Governors 
of  Newcastle  Infirmary  was  held  in  the  large  hall,  for  the 
purpose  of  transacting  the  usual  business  of  the  anniversary,  and 
considering  the  expediency  of  enlarging  the  building.  The  Infirmary 
was  first  established  in  1751,  consequently  that  meeting  formed 
the  centenary  of  the  institution.  August  6,  another  meeting  was 
held,  the  Duke  of  Northumberland  in  the  chair,  when  resolutions, 
urging  the  necessity  of  the  extension,  were  proposed  by  William 
Ord,  esq.,  M.P.,  Matthew  Bell,  esq.,  M.P.,  the  Hon.  H.  T.  Liddell, 
W.  B,  Beaumont,  esq.,  &c.  The  chairman  subscribed  £500,  offering 
to  double  it  if  the  alterations  were  fully  carried  out.  The  Bishop 
of  Durham  and  Mr.  Beaumont  gave  250  guineas  each ;  Misses 
Davison,  Lemington,  £250 ;  the  Corporation  of  Newcastle,  £200, 
and  munificent  donations  from  other  parties,  soon  raised  the 
required  funds  to  upwards  of  £5,000. 

April  7. — The  public  baths  and  wash-houses  erected  by  the 
Corporation  of  Sunderland,  from  designs  by  Mr.  Thomas  Oliver, 
architect,  at  a  cost  of  about  £3,000,  were  opened  for  the  use  of 
the  public,  and  the  building  was  pronounced  one  of  the  most 
elegant  and  commodious  of  the  kind  in  the  kingdom. 

May  19. — A  violent  thunderstorm  passed  over  this  town  and 
neighbourhood.  A  man,  named  Thomas  Fibb,  was  struck  dead 
on  the  Durham-road,  near  Gateshead  Low  Fell.  He  was  going  to 
meet  his  father  and  mother  and  other  friends,  who  were  coming 
from  Chester-le-Street,  and  who  were  little  more  than  one  hundred 
yards  from  him  when  he  was  struck  by  the  electric  fluid.  They 
observed  a  person  fall,  but  did  not  suspect  who  it  was,  and  it  was 
some  time  before  they  recognized  the  fallen  youth  to  be  their 
relative.  He  was  much  scorched  about  the  face  and  his  clothes 
were  torn  off  and  scattered  about  the  road.  The  lightning  also 
struck  the  house  of  Mr.  J.  Atkinson,  Windmill-hills,  Gateshead, 
but  although  the  ornaments  were  knocked  off  the  mantel-piece  of 


A.D.  1851.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  267 

the  sitting-room  and  the  walls  severely  shattered,  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Atkinson  escaped  unhurt.  The  house  of  Mr.  Muras,  Arthur's- 
hill,  Newcastle,  was  also  seriously  damaged  by  the  electric  fluid. 
A  child  on  the  Rabbit-banks,  Gateshead,  was  also  struck  by  the 
lightning,  and  several  others  were  more  or  less  affected  during  the 
storm. 

1851  (May). — About  the  end  of  this  month  Richard  Grainger, 
esq.,  commenced  pulling  down  the  old  buildings  in  Nun's-gate, 
preparatory  to  widening  the  thoroughfare  and  erecting  a  row  of 
handsome  shops  and  warehouses  of  the  same  style  of  architecture 
as  Grainger-street. 

June  13. — A  fire  suddenly  broke  out  in  an  unfinished  house 
in  Elswick  West-terrace,  Newcastle,  the  property  of  Mr.  William 
Dunn,  builder.  It  was  discovered  by  George  Cantley,  who  was  in 
the  act  of  ascending  to  the  second  storey  by  means  of  a  ladder,  and 
on  placing  his  hand  upon  the  stone  against  which  the  ladder  rested, 
he  found  it  hot,  and  his  head,  as  he  was  about  to  pass  into  the 
room,  was  surrounded  by  flames,  he  was  much  burnt  about  the 
hand,  his  paper  cap  was  destroyed,  his  hair  singed,  his  face  scorched, 
but  he  instantly  retreated  and  escaped  further  damage.  The  flames 
rapidly  spread  over  the  entire  premises  as  well  as  to  a  house 
adjoining,  arid  in  a  short  time  the  whole  were  entirely  consumed, 
Mr.  Scaife,  solicitor,  resided  on  the  south  side  of  the  burning  pro- 
perty, and  his  family  being  from  home  at  the  time,  the  mob  forced 
an  entrance  and  completely  sacked  the  house  of  the  furniture, 
pulled  down  the  marble  chimney  pieces,  and  left  the  place  in  little 
better  condition  than  the  adjoining  ruins. 

June  23. — The  Newcastle  Races  commenced  this  day.  The 
Northumberland  Plate  was  won  by  Mr.  T.  Williamson's  b  c 
Neasham  (Haxby),  beating  Testator,  Jack  Leeming,  and  five  others. 
The  Gold  Cup  was  won  by  Mr.  Eden's  ch  m  The  Maid  of  Masham 
(Abdale),  beating  Lord  Stanley's  Ariel. 

July  2. — Mr.  John  Challoner,  who  for  upwards  of  twenty  years 
held  an  important  situation  on  the  Newcastle  and  Carlisle  Railway, 
determined  to  join  his  son,  Mr.  J.  S.  Challoner,  sharebroker, 
Dean-street,  Newcastle,  as  pariaerin  the  business.  In  consequence 
of  this  arrangement  Mr.  Challoner  resigned  his  situation  this  day, 
Matthew  Plummer,  esq.,  who  presided  as  chairman  when  Mr. 
Challoner's  resignation  was  sent  in,  informed  him  that  the  directors 
received  it  with  regret,  and  assured  him  that  they  had  the  highest 
regard  for  him  personally,  and  a  just  sense  of  his  faithful  services 
for  more  than  twenty  years,  and,  as  a  further  mark  of  their  satis- 
faction at  his  conduct,  requested  his  acceptance  of  £100,  and  also 
ordered  that  the  expression  of  their  sentiments  should  be  entered 
on  the  minutes  of  their  proceedings.  In  conclusion,  the  worthy 
chairman  expressed  his  pleasure  in  making  the  announcement, 
and  added  his  own  testimony  from  personal  knowledge  to  the 
industry,  honour,  and  integrity  of  his  conduct  whilst  connected 
with  the  company,  and  sincerely  wished  him  success  in  the 
business  he  had  made  choice  of. 


268  HISTORICAL  REGISTER   OF  {&.!>.   1851. 

1851  (July  2 5>— Whilst  a  party  of  gentlemen  were  drinking 
champagne  in  the  Bridge  Hotel,  Sunderland,  some  practical  joking 
took  place,  in  the  course  of  which  Mr.  Buchanan,  shipbuilder, 
threw  a  tumbler  glass  at  Mr.  C.  John  Spence,  shipbroker.  The 
missile  hit  Mr.  Spence  on  the  head,  and  wounded  him  so  seriously 
that  he  died  on  the  4th  of  August.  Mr.  Buchanan  was  tried  for 
the  offence,  before  Baron  Alderson,  at  the  ensuing  assizes,  and 
acquitted. 

July  51. — Sir  T.  J.  Platt,  Justice  of  Assize,  arrived  in  New- 
castle, and  was  met  at  the  railway  station  by  the  High  Sheriff 
of  Northumberland  (Sir  Horace  St.  Paul,  bart.)  Departing  from 
conventional  usage,  the  High  Sheriff's  carriage  was  simply  an  old 
britska,  without  heraldic  ornaments,  the  trumpeters  were  in 
ordinary  habiliments,  and  instead  of  six  horses  the  vehicle  was 
drawn  by  two  animals  in  homely  harness,  and  was  unattended  by 
any  servants  on  horseback.  The  learned  Judge,  in  charging  the 
Grand  Jury,  expressed  "his  great  regret  that  in  this  important 
County  the  gentry  should  be  so  reduced  as  not  to  show  ordinary 
respect  to  the  Crown.  In  this  country,  where  disloyalty  is  con- 
sidered a  slur,  it  was  to  be  regretted  that  the  usual  and  ordinary 
garniture  by  which  that  loyalty  is  displayed  should  not  have  been 
exhibited  on  this  occasion."  The  High  Sheriff,  with  great  warmth, 
declared  the  charge  of  disloyalty  to  be  unjust.  Baron  Platt 
retorted,  "  Then  I  must  say  that,  as  a  gentleman  who  has  ample 
means,  that  loyalty  has  not  been  exhibited." 


PINK  TOWER,  REMOVED  IN  1846. 

August.—' About  this  time  workmen  commenced  removing  the 
old  buildings  opposite  the  Roman  Catholic  Chapel,  in  Clayton- 
street,  Newcastle,  for  the  purpose  of  erecting  a  new  chapel  for  the 


A.D.    1851.] 


REMARKABLE   EVENTS. 


269 


congregation  which  had  hitherto  worshipped  in  the  Groat-market. 
A  portion  of  the  walls  of  the  town  and  the  "  Pink  Tower,"  which 
once  served  as  an  outer  rampart,  were  removed  by  the  workmen, 
not  without  considerable  regret  on  the  part  of  antiquarians . 

1851  (August  15). — Much  excitement  was  created  in  Newcastle 
on  it  becoming  known  that  Mr.  James  Scott,  assistant-overseer 
for  St.  Nicholas'  parish,  had  absconded  with  a  large  sum  of  money. 
The  deficiency  was  afterwards  found  to  be  £3,000.  Scott  fled  to 
America,  and  took  a  large  farm,  but  in  the  course  of  1852  he  was 
discovered  lying  dead  in  his  grounds,  with  a  gun  lying  beside  him. 
Whether  his  death  was  premeditated  or  accidental  was  not,  how- 
ever, ascertained. 

August  18. — A  fearful  colliery  accident  occurred  at  Washington, 
Durham,  by  which  thirty-two  men  and  boys  unfortunately 
perished,  besides  two  brave  fellows,  named  Hutchinson  and 
Errington,  who  lost  their  lives  in  a  magnanimous  attempt  to  save 
those  of  others.  The  explosion  was  believed  to  have  occurred  in 
consequence  of  a  man  having  removed  the  top  from  his  Davy  lamp. 
Ten  widows  and  thirty-three  children  were  left  destitute  by  this 
melancholy  catastrophe,  but  a  handsome  sum  was  raised  by  sub- 
scription for  their  relief. 


BOTHAL    CASTLE. 

August  27. — Great  consternation  was  created  in  Morpeth 
from  a  report  that  a  butcher,  named  Joseph  Milburn,  had  been 
robbed  and  murdered  during  the  night.  It  appeared  that  on  the 
previous  evening  he  had  ridden  to  Bothal  Rectory  to  receive  an 
account.  On  his  return  he  called  at  a  public  house  at  East 


270  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OP  [A.D.  1851. 

Choppington,  where  he  remained  till  about  midnight  when  he  left 
the  house  with  a  friend,  a  Mr.  Lowes.  Next  morning  his  horse 
was  found  with  the  bridle  cut,  Milburn's  hat  lying  on  the  road 
side,  and  his  pocket-book  turned  inside  out  beside  it.  Search  was 
made  for  Milburn  in  every  direction,  but  without  avail,  and  it  was 
afterwards  discovered  that  the  scoundrel,  who  was  deeply  embar- 
rassed, had  decamped  to  America. 

1851  (September  ~L). — A  most  distressing  and  fatal  accident 
occurred  at  Howdon,  on  the  river  Tyne,  by  which  seven  persons 
were  drowned.  As  a  sculler  boat,  containing  seventeen  persons, 
was  proceeding  from  the  village  to  a  steamboat  lying  in  the  river, 
about  to  proceed  to  Marsden,  the  frail  vessel  came  in  contact  with 
the  stern  of  a  ship  and  was  overturned.  By  great  exertions  on 
the  part  of  the  persons  who  witnessed  the  accident,  ten  of  the 
party  were  rescued  but  the  remaining  seven  were  unfortunately 
drowned,  and  six  of  them  being  young  girls  their  untimely  fate 
created  considerable  sensation  in  the  neighbourhood. 

September  21. — A  serious  affray  took  place  at  Ellingham,  near 
Alnwick,  between  the  inhabitants  of  the  place  and  a  party  of 
reapers.  During  the  disturbance  an  Irishman,  named  Bernard 
Dogherty,  was  wounded  by  a  shot  from  a  gun  carried  by  Mr. 
James  Adams,  draper,  from  the  effects  of  which  he  died.  The 
gun  was  discharged  by  mere  accident. 

September  26. — A  fearful  gale  of  wind  from  the  north-east 
arose  to-day,  and  great  losses  occurred  amongst  the  shipping 
near  the  coast.  At  Sunderland  the  fall  of  rain  was  extraordinary, 
and  an  immense  amount  of  damage  was  done.  About  a  mile  of 
railway  along  the  shore  was  totally  washed  away,  and  a  black- 
smith's shop  shared  the  same  fate.  Many  ships,  principally  in 
the  coal  trade,  were  lost  at  sea  during  the  gale,  and  a  considerable 
number  of  their  crews. 

September. — During  this  month,  whilst  some  excavations  were 
being  made  at  High  Rochester,  Northumberland  (the  Roman 
Bremenium),  a  very  fine  altar  was  discovered  with  an  inscription 
proving  that  the  station  had  been  garrisoned  by  the  first  cohort  of 
the  Varduli,  as  stated  in  the  Itinerary  of  Antoninus. 

October  10.— The  High  Sheriff  of  Northumberland  (Sir  Horace 
St.  Paul,  bart.),  by  an  advertisement  of  this  date,  proposed  to 
give  three  prizes  amounting  to  £315,  as  well  as  three  silver 
vases,  for  the  best  three  essays  on  "  Temperance  physiologically, 
religiously,  and  statistically  considered."  Several  essays  by  writers 
of  acknowledged  talent  were  sent  in,  but  the  prizes  have  never 
been  awarded. 

October  18. — Died,  at  Munich,  aged  76,  Isaac  Cookson,  esq.,  of 
Meldon  Park,  Northumberland.  He  was  Mayor  of  Newcastle  in 
1809-10. 

October  31. — An  explosion  of  gas  took  place  in  West  Moor 
Colliery,  near  Newcastle,  by  which  nine  of  the  miners  were 
killed  and  six  seriously  burnt.  One  hundred  and  thirty  persona 
were  in  the  mine  at  the  time  of  the  accident,  but  the  effects  of  the 


A.D.  1852."]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  271 

explosion  were  confined  to  a  small  portion  of  the  workings.  It 
was  stated  at  the  inquest  that  the  mine  had  seventy  miles  of  air 
passages. 

1851  (November  3). — A  boiler  explosion  occurred  at  the  factory 
of  Messrs.  Waterson,  Curds  and  Cream  House,  near  Newcastle,  by 
which  Mr.  George  Waterson,  one  of  the  firm,  lost  his  life,  and  a 
workman  was  severely  scalded. 

November  10. — The  following  gentlemen  were  elected  mayors 
and  sheriffs  for  the  ensuing  year  : — Newcastle — James  Hodg- 
son, esq.,  mayor ;  Isaac  Lothian  Bell,  esq.,  sheriff.  Gateshead — 
Charles  John  Pearson,  esq.  Tynemouth — Alexander  Bartleman, 
esq.  South  Shields  —  John  Clay,  esq.  Sunderland  —  James 
Hartley,  esq.  Durham-  —  Richard  Thompson,  esq.  Stockton-^ 
Charles  Trotter,  esq.  Hartlepool — Stephen  Robinson,  esq.  Mor- 
peth  —  William  Trotter,  esq.  Berwick  —  William  Smith,  esq., 
mayor  ;  John  Pratt,  esq  ,  sheriff. 

November  21. — This  day  the  Sunderland  Joint  Stock  Banking 
Company  stopped  payment.  The  paid-up  capital  of  the  concern 
was  only  £75,000,  and  the  deposits  amounted  to  about  £30,000. 
The  deficiency  was  found  to  be  about  £24,000,  or  £5  per  share. 
The  conduct  of  the  directors  was  stated  by  the  committee  appointed 
by  the  shareholders  to  have  been  reckless,  deceptive,  and  im- 
provident to  a  degree  almost  unparalleled,  and  the  shareholders 
dismissed  them  from  their  office  with  great  indignation.  In  June, 
1857,  it  was  announced  that  the  liabilities  of  the  bank  had  been 
wholly  paid  off, 

December  2. — Early  this  morning  a  fire  broke  out  in  North 
Shields  Theatre,  and  in  less  than  three  hours  the  entire  building, 
with  the  valuable  scenery,  properties,  and  wardrobe,  were  com- 
pletely destroyed.  The  erection  and  its  contents,  which  together 
were  worth  upwards  of  £3,000,  were  the  property  of  Mr.  Roxby, 
and  it  was  supposed  that  the  fire  had  arisen  from  a  spark  dropped 
during  the  performance.  The  theatre  was  first  opened  on  the  5th 
of  November,  1783,  by  Mr.  Cawdell,  the  then  manager,  on  the 
site  of  a  building  which  had  been  used  as  a  place  of  detention  for 
prisoners  taken  during  the  French  war,  and  the  house  was  for 
several  years  under  the  management  of  the  celebrated  Stephen, 
Kemble.  April,  1852,  whilst  workmen  were  excavating  the  ground, 
preparatory  to  building  a  new  theatre,  three  coffins  were  found  a 
few  feet  below  the  surface. 

December  12. — Died,  at  North  Shields,  aged  39,  Mr.  George 
Whitehead  Hearn,  professor  of  mathematics  at  Sandhurst  College. 
Mr.  Hearn  was  a  native  of  North  Shields,  and  when  very  young 
exhibited  proofs  of  great  mathematical  ability.  He  subsequently 
wrote  in  several  scientific  works,  and  highly  distinguished  himself 
at  Cambridge,  where  he  was  sixth  wrangler  in  1839.  His  writings 
were  always  distinguished  by  clearness  and  originality,  as  well  as 
by  an  elegant  and  elaborate  mode  of  investigation. 

1852  (January). — The  weather   was   so   mild  at  this  time  that 
strawberries  were  gathered  in  some  gardens  near  Tynemouth  in 


272  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1852. 

the  first  week  of  this  year,  and  an  apple  tree,  at  Wallsend, 
belonging  to  Mr.  Crozier,  was  covered  with  blossoms. 

1852  (January  4).— Died,  at  North  Shields,  aged  106,  Mrs, 
Hannah  Gibbons. 

January  10. — In  consequence  of  a  high  wind  from  the  north- 
east, the  tide  rose  to  an  unusual  height  in  Shields  harbour,  and 
nearly  100  feet  of  the  wall  at  Clifford's  Fort  was  carried  away. 
A  number  of  vessels  broke  from  their  moorings,  and  during  the 
day  the  Blackett  and  Ridley,  one  of  the  oldest  colliers  in  the  trade, 
was  lost  at  sea.  Much  damage  was  done  to  the  new  docks,  at 
Sunderland,  and  the  lighthouse  on  the  south  pier  was  almost 
washed  away  by  the  waves. 

January  16. — A  person,  named  Christopher  Wilkinson,  em- 
ployed in  Chester-le-Street  Brewery,  and  his  son,  Robert,  were 
drowned  whilst  endeavouring  to  cross  the  river  Wear  near  that 
place  in  a  cart,  the  river  being  much  flooded  at  the  time. 

February  24. — Died,  at  Sunderland,  aged  59,  Mr.  Thomas 
Pigg.  The  deceased,  in  his  younger  days,  followed  the  laborious 
employment  of  a  coal  trimmer,  and  was,  up  to  the  age  of  37,  so 
ignorant  of  the  rules  of  arithmetic  as  to  be  unable  to  calculate  his 
wages,  but  by  excessive  application  and  perseverance  he  became 
one  of  the  first  mathematicians  in  the  North  of  England,  and  for 
many  years  answered  the  most  difficult  problems  in  the  "  Ladies' 
Diary."  He  contributed  to  several  mathematical  periodicals,  and 
was  extensively  known  and  appreciated  by  scientific  men. 

April  24. — Died,  at  Sedgefield,  aged  104,  Mr.  John  Piles, 
for  seventy-four  years  in  the  services  of  the  Russell  family  at 
Brancepath. 

May  5. — A  green  linnet's  nest,  with  the  moss,  hair,  and 
other  materials  in  a  good  state  of  preservation,  was  found  in  the 
centre  of  a  solid  log  of  English  elm,  which  was  being  cut  up  in  the 
yard  of  Mr.  Lumsden,  block  maker,  Monkwearmouth. 

May  6. — A  fearful  explosion  of  gas  took  place  in  Hebburn 
Colliery,  near  Newcastle,  the  property  of  Messrs.  Easton  and  Co. 
Two  hundred  workmen  were  in  the  mine  when  the  calamity 
occurred,  but  the  effects  were  confined  to  the  Monkton  Flat,  in 
which  twenty  men  and  two  boys  were  working,  all  of  whom  were 
suffocated.  Fourteen  of  the  sufferers  left  widows  and  families, 
and,  as  a  proof  of  the  uncertainty  of  life  amongst  miners,  one  of 
the  women  had  lost  two  husbands  in  the  same  awful  manner. 

June  3. — As  Mrs.  Wood,  of  Newcastle,  with  two  children 
and  a  servant,  were  proceeding  from  Tynemouth  to  Marsden  in  a 
pleasure  boat,  a  thunderstorm  suddenly  broke  over  them,  during 
which  the  boat  was  upset,  and  the  children,  together  with  the 
waterman,  were  unfortunately  drowned.  Mrs.  Wood  and  the 
servant  were  picked  up  by  a  coble  belonging  to  Messrs.  Fry,  of 
Tynemouth. 

June  4. — A  dreadful  boiler  explosion  occurred  at  Spital 
Tongues  Colliery,  near  Newcastle,  by  which  the  engineman  and 
fireman  were  killed.  The  fragments  of  the  boiler  were  thrown  in 


A.D.  1852.]  REMARKABLE  EVENTS.  273 

all  directions,  and  portions  of  it  struck   two  women  and  inflicted 
serious  injuries. 

1852  (June  16). — An  explosion  took  place  in  Seaton  Colliery, 
near  Seaham,  Durham.  Six  men  and  a  boy  were  working  at  the 
place  where  the  accident  happened,  and  all  of  them  perished. 

June  22. — The  Newcastle  Races  commenced  this  day.  The 
Northumberland  Plate  was  won  by  Mr.  Meiklam's  b  c  Stilton 
(Aldcroft),  beating  seven  others.  The  Gold  Cup  was  won  by  Mr.  T. 
E.  Headlam's  na  Evadne  (Alcroft),  beating  Mr.  Martinson's  Nancy. 

June  30. — A  splendid  iron  screw  steamer,  constructed  by 
Messrs.  Palmer  Brothers,  at  Jarrow,  and  the  first  vessel  of  that 
description  which  had  been  built  for  the  London  coal  trade,  was 
launched  in  the  presence  of  a  numerous  and  influential  concourse 
of  spectators.  At  the  conclusion  of  the  ceremony  about  three 
hundred  ladies  and  gentlemen  partook  of  an  elegant  luncheon, 
provided  by  the  builders.  C.  Palmer,  esq.,  presided,  supported  by 
the  Mayors  of  Newcastle,  Shields,  Sunderland,  and  Gateshead,  and 
several  of  the  principal  merchants  of  the  district.  The  proceedings 
concluded  with  a  ball,  which  was  led  off  by  the  Mayoress  of  New- 
castle and  Mr.  C.  Palmer.  The  vessel,  which  was  named  the  John 
Bowes,  was  465  tons  register,  was  calculated  to  carry  thirty  keels 
of  coals,  and  to  make  thirty  trips  per  annum  between  Newcastle 
and  London.  It  was  ballasted  with  water  under  a  recent  patent 
of  Dr.  White,  of  Newcastle.  July  29,  the  vessel  sailed  from  the 
Tyne  with  her  first  cargo  of  coals,  arrived  in  the  Thames  on  the 
31st,  and  completed  her  return  voyage  to  the  north  on  the  3rd  of 
August.  • 

July  1. — In  consequence  of  the  accession  of  the  Earl  of 
Derby  to  the  head  of  the  Government,  Parliament  was  prorogued 
and  dissolved  this  day,  and  writs  were  immediately  issued  for  a 
new  election.  Owing  to  political  causes  the  contests  throughout 
the  country  were  unusually  numerous,  and  much  excitement  pre- 
vailed. 

NEWCASTLE. 

July  6. — The  nomination  took  place  before  Isaac  Lothian. 
Bell,  esq.,  sheriff.  Mr.  Alderman  Lamb  proposed,  and  Mr.  John 
Rayne  seconded,  the  re-election  of  T.  E.  Headlam,  esq.  Sir  John 
Fife  and  Mr.  J.  T.  Carr  proposed  and  seconded  John  Fenwick 
Burgoyne  Blackett,  esq.  Mr.  Alderman  Potter  and  Mr.  C.  Smith 
proposed  and  seconded  William  Henry  Watson,  esq.,  Q.C.  At 
the  close  of  the  poll,  on  the  7th,  the  result  was  : — Mr.  Blackett, 
2,418;  Mr.  Headlam,  2,172  ;  Mr.  Watson,  1,808. 

SOUTH  SHIELDS. 

July  6. — The  nomination  took  place  before  J.  Clay,  esq.,  mayor. 
Mr.  John  Twizel  Wawn  proposed,  and  Mr.  R.  Shortridge  seconded, 
Robert  Ingham,  esq.  Mr.  Robert  Sanderson  and  Mr.  Alderman 
Robinson  proposed  and  seconded  the  Hon.  H.  T.  Liddell.  At  the 
close  of  the  poll  the  numbers  were : — Mr.  Ingham,  430 ;  Mr. 
Liddell,  249. 

Ml 


274  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1852. 

BERWICK. 

1852  (July 6).— There  were  four  candidates  for  the  representation 
of  this  town.  At  the  close  of  the  poll  the  result  was  :— Mr.  M. 
Forster,  400 ;  Mr.  John  Stapleton,  323  ;  Mr.  J.  C.  Renton,  228  ; 
Mr.  R.  Hodgson,  192.  In  May,  1853,  Messrs.  Forster  and 
Stapleton  were  declared  not  to  have  been  duly  elected,  having 
been  guilty  of  bribery.  Majoribanks  and  Forster  (son  of  the  late 
member)  were  ultimately  returned. 

DURHAM. 

july  7. — The  nomination  for  this  city  took  place  before  the 
Mayor  (Richard  Thompson,  esq.)  Mr.  Alderman  Storey  and 
Mr.  George  Robson  proposed  and  seconded  the  re-election  of  T. 
C.  Granger,  esq.  Mr.  Wharton  and  Mr.  Wilkinson  nominated 
Lord  Adolphus  Vane.  Mr.  Henderson  and  Mr.  Oliver  proposed 
and  seconded  William  Atherton,  esq.  The  numbers  at  the  close 
of  the  poll  were  : — Mr.  Granger,  576  ;  Mr.  Atherton,  510  ;  Lord 
Adolphus  Vane,  506. 

SUNDERLAND. 

July  7. — The  nomination  for  this  borough  took  place  before  the 
Mayor  (James  Hartley,  esq.)  Mr.  Bramwell  and  Mr.  William 
Ord  proposed  and  seconded  George  Hudson,  esq.  Mr.  Feather- 
stonhaugh  and  Mr.  Alderman  Hutchinson  nominated  Henry 
Fenwick,  esq.  Mr.  Mordey  and  Mr.  Alderman  Wilson  nominated 
William  Digby  Seymour,  esq.  The  result  was  as  follows  : — Mr. 
Hudson,  865  ;  Mr.  Seymour,  813 ;  Mr.  Fenwiek,  655 

TYNEMOUTH. 

July  7. — The  election  took  place  before  the  Mayor  (Alexander 
Bartleman,  esq.)  Mr.  Joseph  Straker  and  Mr.  Alderman  Pow 
proposed  and  seconded  Ralph  William  Grey,  esq.  Mr.  Alderman 
Popple  well  and  Mr.  J.  Dry  den  nominated  Hugh  Taylor,  esq. 
Two  other  persons  were  also  put  in  nomination,  but  withdrew 
after  delivering  addresses — Mr.  George  Applegate,  coal  heaver, 
London,  and  Mr.  J.  Watson,  bookseller,  Newcastle,  The  result 
of  the  poll  was  as  follows  :— Mr.  Taylor,  340  ;  Mr.  Grey,  328. 

MORPETH. 

July  8. — The  Hon.  Edward  Howard  was  elected  without 
opposition. 

GATESHEAD. 

July  8. — Mr.  Alderman  Pollock  and  Mr.  Alderman  Smith 
nominated  William  Hutt,  esq.  Mr.  Cook  proposed,  and  Mr. 
Wilkinson  seconded,  Ralph  Walters,  esq.  Mr.  Barras  and  Mr. 
J.  Green  proposed  the  Hon.  Adolphus  Liddell.  At  the  close  of 
the  poll  the  numbers  were  : — Mr.  Hutt,  270  :  Mr.  Liddell,  193  ; 
Mr.  Walters,  136. 

NORTHUMBERLAND— SOUTHERN  DIVISION. 

July  13. — The  nomination  of  candidates  took  place  before  the 
High  Sheriff  (T,  W.  Craster,  esq.),  at  Hexham.  William 


A.  D.  1852.]  REMARKABLE    EVENTS.  275 

Ord,  esq.,  and  Joseph  Lamb,  esq.,  proposed  and  seconded  Went- 
worth  Blackett  Beaumont,  esq.  Sir  Matthew  White  Ridley,  bart., 
and  J.  B.  Coulson,  esq.,  nominated  Henry  George  Liddell,  esq. 
J.  B.  Blackett,  esq.,  and  the  Rev.  E.  G.  Ogle  proposed  and 
seconded  George  Ridley,  esq.  At  the  close  of  two  days'  polling 
the  numbers  were  :— Mr.  Beaumont,  2,306  ;  Mr.  Liddell,  2,132  ; 
Mr.  Ridley,  2,033. 

DURHAM-SOUTHERN  DIVISION. 

1852  (July  15). — The  elections  for  this  division  took  place  before 
John  Bowes,  esq.,  sheriff.  There  being  no  opposition  Lord  Harry 
Vane  and  James  Fairer,  esq.,  were  declared  duly  elected. 

DURHAM-NORTHERN  DIVISION. 

July  16. — The  old  members,  Viscount  Seaham  and  R.  D. 
Shaftoe,  esq.,  were  returned  without  opposition. 

NORTHUMBERLAND— NORTHERN  DIVISION. 

July  19. — The  nomination  took  place  at  Alnwick  before  Henry 
William  Fenwick,  esq.,  under-sheriff.  C.  W.  Orde,  esq.,  and 
Bryan  Burrell,  esq.,  nominated  Lord  Ossulston.  Sir  YV~.  C. 
Trevelyan,  bart.,  and  P.  J.  Selby,  esq.,  proposed  Sir  George 
Grey,  bart.  O.  B.  Cresswell,  esq.,  and  J.  Cookson,  esq.,  nomi- 
nated Lord  Lovaine.  At  the  close  of  the  second  day's  polling  the 
numbers  were: — Lord  Lovaine,  1,414;  Lord  Ossulston,  1,335; 
Sir  George  Grey,  1.300. 

July  5. — A  fearful  thunderstorm  passed  over  Northumber- 
land and  Durham.  At  Alnwick  the  lightning  was  attracted  by 
some  long  poles,  used  for  supporting  the  scaffolding  of  some 
buildings  then  in  course  of  erection,  and  killed  two  men  who  had 
taken  shelter  from  the  rain ;  several  other  men  were  stunned.  At 
Matfen  ice  fell  in  large  masses,  and  immense  damage  was  done  to 
the  fields  and  gardens,  many  trees  being  completely  stripped  of 
foliage.  At  Swinehope  two  persons  were  killed  by  the  lightning 
while  sitting  in  a  bedroom.  At  High  House,  Weardale,  a  boy, 
named  Redshaw,  was  killed ;  and  at  Brier  Hill,  in  the  same  locality, 
a  boy,  named  Beck,  was  struck  dead.  At  Ben  sham  two  men,  named 
Birtley  and  Penman,  were  killed.  At  Bankwell-stairs,  Gateshead, 
two  children,  named  Avery,  were  killed  by  the  fall  of  an  old  wall, 
which  was  forced  down  by  the  accumulation  of  water.  Throughout 
the  valleys  of  the  Tyne  and  Wear  a  vast  destruction  of  agricultural 
property  took  place,  owing  to  the  immense  quantity  of  rain  which 
fell ;  and,  altogether,  the  storm  was  of  the  most  disastrous  kind. 
During  another  violent  storm  on  the  following  day  the  railway 
bridge  over  the  brook  at  Allerwash,  near  Hexharn,  was  carried 
away  whilst  a  train  was  passing  over  it,  but  the  passengers  escaped 
unhurt,  though  the  guard  had  a  narrow  escape,  being  carried 
across  the  river,  and  from  which  he  was  with  some  difficulty 
rescued. 

July  11. — Died,  at  Jersey,  aged  67,  Sir  John  Lambton  Loraine, 
bart.,  many  years  post-master  at  Newcastle.  The  mortality  in 
this  family  for  some  time  previous  was  very  remarkable. 


276  HISTORICAL    REGISTER  OF  [A.D.  1852. 

1852  (July  24). — The  members  of  the  Archaeological  Institute  of 
Great  Britain,  commenced  their  Annual  Session  in  Newcastle. 
The  party  was  received  in  the  Assembly  Rooms  by  the  Mayor 
(James  Hodgson  esq.),  who  presented  Lord  Talbot  de  Malahide, 
the  president,  with  an  address  from  the  council  of  the  borough 
expressing  its  gratification  at  the  visit  of  the  institute.  Lord 
Talbot  in  his  address  referred  to  the  services  rendered  to  arch- 
geology  by  various  residents  in  the  district,  and  more  particularly 
by  the  late  Mr.  Thomas  Hodgson,  the  Rev.  J.  Hodgson,  Mr. 
Surtees,  and  Sir  Cuthbert  Sharp  ;  also  to  the  Duke  of  Northumber- 
land, the  Rev.  Jas.  Raine,  Mr.  Hudson  Turner,  and  Sir  John 
Swinburne.  After  various  sectional  meetings,  and  papers  read  on 
divers  subjects,  on  the  26th,  the  members  sat  down  to  the  Anniversary 
Dinner,  in  the  Assembly  Rooms,  Lord  Talbot  presided,  supported 
on  his  right  by  Mrs.  Mayoress,  the  Duke  of  Northumberland,  the 
Earl  of  Carlisle,  the  Hon.  H.  T.  Liddell,  Mr.  P.  M.  Howard,  and 
Mr.  J.  Clayton  ;  and  on  his  left  by  the  Mayor,  Lord  Lovaine,  Sir 
E.  Blackett,  bart.,  Sir  W.  Riddell,  bart.,  Mr.  J.  H.  Hinde,  Mr. 
Headlam,  M.P.,  &c.,  &c.  On  the  27th  a  numerous  party  visited 
Morpeth,  Bothal,  VVarkworth,  Alnwick  Castle,  and  Hulne  Abbey, 


HULNE  ABBEY. 

at  all  of  which  places  the  most  considerate  arrangements  had  been 
made  for  the  convenience  of  the  travellers.  On  the  30th  the 
members  paid  a  visit  to  Hexham,  and  inspected  the  stately  Abbey 
Church.  They  then  proceeded  by  train  to  Bardon  Mill,  where 
conveyances  were  prepared  for  assisting  the  party  to  the  celebrated 
Roman  Station  of  Borcovicus  (the  "  Tadmor  of  Britain"),  upon  the 
Great  Wall.  Here  the  Rev.  J.  C.  Bruce  performed  the  duties  of 
guide  with  great  ability,  and  a  lengthy  tour  along  the  remains  of 


A.D.  1852.1 


REMARKABLE    EVENTS. 


277 


the  still  magnificent  barrier.  Ample  justice  was  done  to  the 
generous  hospitality  of  John  Clayton,  esq.,  the  owner  of  the 
station.  September  1st,  the  final  meeting  took  place,  in  the 
Assembly  Rooms,  when  the  Rev.  J.  C.  Bruce  read  a  paper  on  the 
"  Excavation  at  Rochester"  (Bremenium),  and  Mr.  H.  Turner 
another  on  the  "  Ancient  State  of  Northumberland."  Votes  of 
thanks  to  the  Mayor  and  Corporation,  to  the  nobility  and  gentry 
of  the  district,  &c.,  &c.,  were  carried  by  acclamation,  and  the 
interesting  proceedings  terminated  by  the  Mayor  proposing  a  vote 
of  thanks  to  the  noble  president  for  the  great  ability,  courtesy,  and 
kindness  he  had  exhibited  throughout  the  meeting. 

1852  (September  7). — A  public  dinner  was  given  in  the  Corn 
Market, Newcastle,  to  Henry  George  Liddell,  esq.,  M.P.,  in  com- 
memoration of  his  return  for  South  Northumberland.  The  chair 
was  taken  by  Sir  M.  W.  Ridley,  bart.,  the  vice-presidents  being  J.  B. 
Coulson,  esq.,  J.  H.  Hinde,  esq.,  and  R.  Errington,  esq.  Nearly 
400  gentlemen  sat  down  to  a  very  sumptuous  dinner,  and  the 
proceedings  of  the  evening  were  of  a  highly  pleasing  and  enthu- 
siastic character. 


CLOTH    MARKET,    DURING    THE    FAIR, 
Previous  to  the  Building  of  the  New  Corn  Market. 

September  8. — A  public  dinner  was  given  to  William  Ord,  esq., 
of  Whitfield,  in  the  Assembly  Rooms,  Newcastle,  on  his  retire- 
ment from  Parliament,  and  in  testimony  of  the  high  esteem 


278  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OP  [A.D.    1852. 

entertained  by  his  late  constituents  of  his  public  services  as  a 
member  of  the  House  of  Commons  during  a  period  of  fifty  years. 
The  chair  was  taken  by  James  Hodgson,  esq,,  who  was  supported 
on  his  right  by  Mr.  Ord,  the  Earl  of  Carlisle,  Mr.  Blackett,  M.P., 
Sir  W.  C.  Trevelyan,  bart.,  Mr.  Hutt,  M.P.,  the  Hon.  F.  Grey, 
Mr.  P.  H.  Howard,  and  Mr.  Alderman  Lamb  ;  and  on  his  left  by 
Earl  Grey,  the  Earl  of  Durham,  Mr.  Headlam,  M.P.,  Mr. 
Beaumont,  M.P.,  Mr.  Carter,  M.P.,  Mr.  Ingharn,  M.P.,  Mr.  G. 
Ridley,  Dr.  Headlam,  and  Sir  John  Fife.  The  vice-chairs  were 
filled  by  the  Sheriff  of  Newcastle  (I.  L.  Bell,  esq.),  Mr.  J.  Losh, 
and  Mr.  M.  R.  Bigge.  About  200  gentlemen  sat  down  to  dinner, 
and  amongst  those  who  had  intimated  their  regret  at  being  unable 
to  attend  were  the  Marquis  of  Lansdowne,  Lord  John  Russell,  the 
Earl  of  Zetland,  Lord  Panmure,  Lord  Colborne,  and  Sir  James 
Graham. 

1852  (OctoberQ  and  7). — The  extensive  estates  of  North  and  South 
Gosforth,  Seaton  Burn,  and  Coxlodge,  the  property  of  the  Rev. 
R.  H.  Brandling,  were  sold  by  auction  at  the  Queen's  Head  Inn, 
Newcastle,  by  order  of  the  Court  of  Chancery,  Mr.  Alderman 
Farebrother,  of  London,  auctioneer.  Amongst  the  principal  lots, 
the  manor  of  North  and  South  Gosforth,  790  acres  in  extent,  was 
bought  by  Mr.  T.  Smith  for  £25,200  ;  Low  Gosforth  Estate  was 
purchased  by  Joseph  Laycock,  esq.,  for  £20,000  ;  Seaton  Burn 
House,  Six  Mile  Bridge  Farm,  and  Coxlodge  Farm  were  sold  to 
Mr.  Riddell  Robson  for  £24,000  ;  High  and  Low  Weetslade, 
Wideopen,  and  Brunton  Farms  were  knocked  down  to  Mr.  Smith 
for  £46,000.  The  total  proceeds  of  the  sale  reached  £155,000, 
exclusive  of  the  timber. 

October  24. — Married,  at  Earsdon,  near  North  Shields,  Mr. 
Benjamin  Lee  to  Mrs.  Isabella  Baxter.  The  pair  were  both 
upwards  of  73  years  of  age,  and  this  was  the  bride's  ninth  appear- 
ance at  the  altar. 

November  9. — The  annual  election  of  mayors  for  the  boroughs  of 
Northumberland  and  Durham  took  place,  with  the  following  re- 
sult:— Newcastle — Nathaniel  Grace  Lambert,  esq.,  mayor  ;  Henry 
Ingledew, esq.,  sheriff.  Gateshead — John  Lister,  esq.  Sunderland — 
James  Hartley,  esq.  Durham—  John  Bramwell,  esq.  South  Shields 
—George  Potts,  esq.  Morpeth— Stephen  Wilkinson,  esq.  Hartle- 
pool  —  Peter  Barker,  esq.  Stockton  —  Charles  Trotter,  esq.  Ber- 
wick—Thomas Bogue,  esq.,  mayor ;  Robert  Ramsay,  esq.,  sheriff. 

.December  6. — An  extraordinary  and  fatal  accident  occurred 
this  evening,  in  Northumberland-court,  Newcastle.  It  appeared 
that  a  Mr.  William  Glover,  who  occupied  the  upper  room  in  a 
tenement  house,  had  frequently  missed  articles  from  his  room,  and 
being  of  an  ingenious  turn  of  mind,  he  had,  some  time  before, 
devised  a  plan  to  prevent  all  intrusion  for  the  future.  Having  got 
a  large  horse-pistol  loaded  with  slugs,  he  attached  the  trigger  in 
such  a  manner  to  the  door  of  the  apartment  that  any  one  entering 
caused  the  pistol  to  explode,  but  he  was  able  to  admit  himself  by 
pulling  a  string,  which  passed  through  the  frame  of  the  door.  On 


A.D.  1853.] 


REMARKABLE    EVENTS 


279 


the  above  evening,  however,  he  had  forgotten  to  observe  the 
necessary  precaution,  when  the  pistol  went  off,  and  the  contents 
killed  him  instantaneously. 

1852  (December  25). — The  Christmas  of  1852  will  long  be  remem- 
bered as  the  period  of  one  of  the  most  terrific  storms  ever  known 
to  the  inhabitants  of  these  latitudes.  The  previous  evening  gave 
premonitory  symptoms  of  the  coming  tornado,  which,  during  this 
day  and  up  to  the  morning  of  the  27th,  blew  down  scores  of 
chimneys  and  unroofed  hundreds  of  houses  in  Newcastle  and 
Gateshead.  Mr.  William  Veitch,  foreman  of  Messrs.  Atkinson 
and  Philipson,  coach  manufacturers,  was  passing  along  Maving's- 
entry,  in  Pilgrim-street,  on  the  morning  of  the  27th,  about  half- 
past  ten  o'clock,  when  a  tile  fell  upon  him  and  fractured  his  skull 
so  dreadfully  that  he  died  in  about  two  hours.  It  may  be  said  that 
the  storm  reached  its  greatest  violence  on  the  27th.  Then  the 
fabrics  that  had  weathered  the  tempest  of  the  previous  days  tottered 
and  fell,  and  the  wind,  accompanied  by  drenching  showers,  raged 
with  a  fury  that  threatened  to  tear  everything  to  pieces,  and  the 
stoutest  and  stateliest  buildings  appeared  to  shake  and  quiver  in 
the  blast.  Nothing  to  equal  the  fierceness  of  the  tempest  had  been 
known  since  the  well  remembered  hurricane  of  January,  1839. 
At  Durham,  Sunderland,  Hartlepool,  Stockton,  Darlington,  and 
many  other  places  a  great  nnmber  of  houses  were  unroofed.  In 
the  country  stacks  were  overturned  and  carried  away,  trees  torn 
up,  &c.,  and  numerous  personal  injuries  were  sustained. 


STOCKTON. 

1853  (January  11). — A  boat,  containing  four  men,  was  upset  on 
the  Tees,  near  Stockton,  during  a  squall,  and  three  of  the  party, 
named  Wilson,  Harle,  and  Williamson,  were  unfortunately  drowned. 


280  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OP  fA.D.    1853. 

1853  (February  11). — One  of  the  heaviest  falls  of  snow  which 
had  occurred  for  many  years  in  this  district  commenced  this  day, 
and  continued  with  little  intermission  during  the  ensuing  week. 
The  railway  trains,  both  from  the  north  and  the  south,  were  greatly 
delayed,  although  as  many  as  five  engines  were  occasionally 
employed  to  one  train.  The  turnpike  roads  from  Newcastle  to 
Otterburn,  Shotley  Bridge,  and  Blyth,  were  quite  impassable  for 
some  time,  and  several  persons  lost  their  lives  during  the  storm. 
Amongst  these  were  Mr.  John  Laidler,  shoemaker,  Seaton  Sluice, 
found  dead  on  Blyth  Links  ;  Henry  Nerry,  lost  between  Stanhope 
and  Edmond  Byers ;  Thomas  Baron,  lost  near  Stagshaw  Bank ; 
and  Mrs.  Mackenzie,  who  died  between  Percy  Main  and  North 
Shields.  Many  disasters  also  occurred  at  sea.  On  the  24th  the 
Sir  William  Wallace  was  lost  upon  the  Herd  Sands  at  the  mouth 
of  the  Tyne,  and  her  crew,  seven  men,  a  woman,  and  a  boy,  all 
perished.  On  the  26th  a  fishing  boat  returning  to  Cullercoats  was 
upset  and  two  men  were  drowned. 

February  26. — This  evening  a  tremendous  explosion  of  gas 
occurred  in  a  provision  shop  in  Buckingham-street,  Newcastle, 
occupied  by  Mr.  William  Walker.  An  escape  of  gas  had  been 
perceived  for  several  days  previous,  and  the  explosion  occurred  in 
consequence  of  Mr.  Walker  removing  a  portion  of  the  shop  floor 
and  introducing  a  candle  to  examine  the  pipe.  Mrs.  Walker  who 
was  standing  near  at  the  time  was  blown  into  the  street  with  the 
whole  of  the  shop  front,  and  was  so  much  mutilated  that  she  died 
in  a  few  days  after. 

March  21. — A  fishing  boat,  called  the  Dean  Swift,  belonging 
to  Blyth,  was  capsized  off  that  place,  and  three  men,  named 
Armstrong,  Foggin,  and  Dixon,  were  drowned. 

March  28. — A  political  banquet  upon  a  grand  scale  took 
place  at  Alnwick,  upon  the  presentation  of  a  piece  of  plate  to  Sir 
George  Grey,  bart.,  M.P.,  by  the  working  men  of  Northumberland. 
A  large  wooden  pavilion  was  erected  in  the  Market-place,  and  the 
tickets  for  admission,  1,500  in  number,  proved  quite  inadequate  to 
supply  the  demand  for  seats.  The  chair  was  taken  by  Sir  W.  C. 
Trevelyan,  bart. ;  supported  on  his  right  by  Sir  G.  Grey,  bart,  the 
Earl  of  Carlisle,  Mr.  Beaumont,  M.P.,  the  Hon.  and  Rev.  J.  Grey, 
the  Rev.  R.  W.  Goodenough,  Mr.  M.  R.  Bigge,  &c. ;  and  on  his 
left  by  Earl  Grey,  Lord  Panmure,  the  Hon.  and  Rev.  F.  R.  Grey, 
Mr.  Ingham,  M.P.,  Mr.  Blackett,  M.P.,  &c.,  &c.  The  vice-chair 
was  occupied  by  P.  Selby,  esq.,  who  was  supported  by  the  Mayors 
of  Newcastle  and  Berwick,  Mr.  P.  G.  Selby,  Mr.  Ralph  Carr, 
Captain  Widdrington,  Sir  J.  Gibson  Craig,  Mr.  Ellice,  jun.,  M.P., 
&c.,  &c.  Dinner  being  concluded,  the  testimonial  was  brought 
forward  and  displayed  amidst  great  cheering.  It  consisted  of  a 
splendid  silver  candelabrum,  supported  by  figures  of  a  ploughman, 
a  sailor,  a  blacksmith,  and  a  miner,  and  ornamented  with  the  arms 
of  Morpeth,  Alnwick,  and  Berwick.  There  was  also  a  massive 
salver,  beautifully  embossed,  the  whole  being  valued  at  upwards 
of  £400,  and  bearing  the  following  inscription  : — "  To  the  Right 


A.D.  1853.] 


REMARKABLE  EVENTS. 


281 


Hon.  Sir  George  Grey,  bart,  G.C.B.,  from  more  than  13,000  of 
the  working  classes  of  Northumberland,  in  testimony  of  their 
gratitude  for  his  support  of  the  just,  wise,  and  beneficial  measure 
of  Free  Trade,  and  their  respect  for  his  private  worth,  and  for  the 
eminent  integrity  and  ability  which  have  distinguished  his  public 
career."  Mr.  Michael  Young,  a  clerk  in  the  Bedlington  Iron 
Works,  presented  the  testimonial  in  a  neat  speech,  which  was 
much  applauded,  and  Sir  G.  Grey  afterwards  returned  thanks  in 
an  eloquent  address.  Earl  Grey,  the  Earl  of  Carlisle,  Lord 
Panmure,  Mr.  Ingham,  Mr.  Beaumont,  and  Mr.  J.  B.  Blackett 
also  addressed  the  assemblage,  which  broke  up  highly  delighted 
with  the  proceedings. 


ALNWICK    ABBEY. 

1853  (AprilZJ). — Died,  at  Stagshaw  House,  near  Hexham,  aged 
68,  Joseph  Crawhall,  esq,,  an  eminent  merchant  of  Newcastle,  of 
which  town  he  was  an  alderman  and  served  the  office  of  mayor  in 
1849-50, 

May  13. — This  evening  a  fire  broke  out  in  the  warehouse  of 
Messrs.  Oliver  and  Co.,  oil  manufacturers,  Close,  Newcastle,  which 
raged  with  great  violence  for  several  hours,  causing  a  very  lament- 
able destruction  of  property.  The  warehouse  adjoined  the  river 
Tyne,  and  was  close  to  the  High  Level  Bridge,  but  although  fears 
were  at  one  time  entertained  for  the  safety  of  that  magnificent 

N  1 


282  HISTORICAL  REGISTER  OP  [A.D.  1853. 

structure,  they  fortunately  proved  groundless.  The  principal 
sufferers  were  Mr.  Ay  ton,  corn  merchant,  Mr.  Ridley,  provision 
merchant,  Mr.  Mitchell,  Mr.  Waterfall,  and  Messrs.  Oliver.  The 
loss  altogether  was  upwards  of  £10,000.  The  building,  which 
was  insured,  stood  exactly  upon  the  site  of  an  extensive  range  of 
premises  which  were  destroyed  68  years  before,  by  one  of  the 
greatest  conflagrations  remembered  in  Newcastle.  See  Sykes, 
September  8th,  1785. 

1853  (May  23> — The  largest  ship  hitherto  built  on  the  Tyne  was 
launched  at  St.  Peter's,  near  Newcastle,  by  Messrs.  T.  and  W. 
Smith,  in  the  presence  of  about  40,000  spectators.  The  vessel  was 
named  the  Carlo  Alberto,  and  was  built  for  the  Sardinian  Govern- 
ment. She  was  pierced  for  fifty  guns,  and  subsequently  fitted  with 
a  screw  propeller  and  engines  of  400  horse-power.  Her  burthen 
was  2,500  tons. 

June,  1. — A  dog  crab  was  caught  amongst  the  rocks  at 
Tynemouth,  having  a  sixpence  firmly  attached  to  the  shell  of  its 
back.  The  coin  had  probably  fallen  upon  the  crab  when  its  outer 
covering  was  in  a  soft  state,  as  the  shell  had  grown  considerably 
over  the  edge  of  the  piece. 

June. — About  this  time  Messrs.  Swinburne  and  Co.,  South 
Shields,  received  at  their  works,  from  the  manufactory  of  Messrs. 
Hawks,  Crawshay,  and  Sons,  Gateshead,  a  new  cast  iron  table, 
for  the  purpose  of  casting  large  plate  glass.  This  table  measured 
in  length  220  inches  by  130  broad,  and  seven  inches  thick.  It 
weighed  26  tons,  and  was  supposed  at  that  time  to  be  the  largest 
table  ever  planed  for  casting  glass. 

June  22. — Cardinal  Wiseman  performed  high  mass  this 
morning  at  Ushaw  College,  assisted  by  the  titular  bishops  of 
Hexham,  Beverly,  Plymouth,  and  Salford,  and  150  priests,  in 
consequence  of  the  Rev.  Dr.  Newsham  having  completed  his 
fiftieth  year's  residence  at  that  college.  The  event  was  celebrated 
with  much  rejoicing.  In  the  afternoon  Dr.  Newsham  was  pre- 
sented with  his  portrait.  A  dinner  afterwards  took  place  in  the 
refectory,  to  which  about  400  ladies  and  gentlemen  sat  down, 
amongst  whom  were  Sir  W.  Lawson,  bart.,  P.  H.  Howard,  esq., 
M,  Salvin,  esq.,  W.  H.  Charlton,  esq.,  and  E.  Waterton,  esq. 
Music  and  other  entertainments  concluded  the  festivities. 

July  1. — Died,  at  Hawkwell,  near  Alnwick,  aged  110,  in  the 
full  possession  of  her  faculties,  Mrs.  Elizabeth  Langlands. 

July  5. — The  Newcastle  Races  commenced  this  day.  The 
Northumberland  Plate  was  won  by  Mr.  Murray's  br  c  Kingston, 
beating  thirteen  others.  The  Gold  Cup  was  won  by  Sir  C. 
Monk's  Vindex,  beating  Kingston. 

August  22. — As  a  small  steamer,  called  the  William,  was 
proceeding  from  Newcastle  to  Shields,  she  was  run  down  by  the 
screw  steamer  Sir  John  Easthope,  and  the  passengers  and  crew, 
about  fifty  in  number,  were  left  to  struggle  for  life  in  the  river. 
Owing  to  the  exertions  of  some  boatmen  the  whole  were  ultimately 


A.D.  1853-1  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  283 

rescued ;  but  the  steersman,  who  had  a  leg  broken,  expired  soon 
after,  and  several  of  the  others  were  much  injured. 

1853  (August  26). — Died,  in  Newcastle,  aged  81,  the  Rev.  Ralph 
Henry  Brandling,  formerly  of  Gos forth  Hall,  Northumberland, 
and  the  last  of  a  long  roll  of  "  Brandlings  of  Gosforth."  The 
deceased  was  one  of  the  chief  founders  of  the  Natural  History 
Society  of  Newcastle.  His  kindness  and  generosity  to  the  poor, 
and  his  considerate  attention  to  his  numerous  workmen,  so  long  as 
he  had  an  opportunity  of  manifesting  it,  commanded  universal 
respect  and  esteem. 

September  1. — During  the  summer  of  this  year  considerable 
apprehension  was  diffused  throughout  the  country  by  accounts  of 
the  prevalence  of  Asiatic  cholera  in  several  cities  in  Germany, 
and  that  the  disease  was  gradually  advancing  westward.  At  last 
a  decided  case  of  this  fearful  disease  was  reported  from  London, 
followed  soon  after  by  similar  mortality  in  Liverpool  and  Hull, 
and  on  the  above  date  the  disease  appeared  in  a  most  malignant 
form,  and  almost  simultaneously,  in  three  or  four  parts  of  New- 
castle. It  was  not,  however,  for  some  days  that  any  great  alarm 
was  felt  at  its  presence  ;  but  on  the  9th,  when  between  thirty  and 
forty  deaths  had  occurred,  the  attention  of  the  inhabitants  became 
decidedly  fixed  on  its  progress.  Additional  medical  officers  and 
nurses  were  appointed.  Several  druggists  were  directed  to  dis- 
pense medicines  gratuitously  to  the  poor,  and  numerous  precau- 
tionary measures  were  carried  out,  the  Board  henceforth  sitting 
nightly  to  superintend  the  arrangements.  On  the  16th  of  Sep- 
tember, on  it  transpiring  that  the  number  of  deaths  that  day 
exceeded  100,  the  consternation  and  dismay  of  the  inhabitants 
became  intense,  and  business  was  almost  suspended  through  the 
terror  and  anxiety  of  all  classes.  The  mortality  of  each  day  was 
declared  in  the  evening  by  the  Guardians,  amidst  great  trepidation, 
and  as  the  deaths  showed  no  diminution  on  the  17th,  18th,  19th, 
and  20th,  but  were  reported  to  have  increased  on  the  last  mentioned 
date  to  the  fearful  number  of  119,  despondency  and  gloom  were 
upon  every  face.  Many  persons  removed  their  families  from  the 
town  altogether,  and  as  strangers  entirely  shunned  its  streets,  the 
absence  of  traffic,  save  the  continual  tramp,  tramp,  tramp,  and 
ceaseless  processions  to  the  places  of  interment,  had  a  most 
depressing  effect  upon  all.  During  this  appalling  fatality  the 
Board  of  Guardians  continued  to  meet  daily  to  hear  the  reports  of 
their  officers.  Preventive  measures  of  every  kind  were  put  in  force, 
wherever  required,  and  at  length,  on  the  24th,  the  disease  for  the 
first  time  shewed  symptoms  of  abatement,  the  deaths  having  fallen 
to  59.  The  mortality,  though  liable  to  fluctuations,  from  this  time 
sensibly  declined,  and  in  about  four  weeks  more  the  town  began  to 
assume  its  wonted  appearance.  Upwards  of  1,500  persons  had 
then  been  swept  away  by  it.  A  remarkable  feature  of  the  epidemic 
was  the  destruction  which  occurred  in  particular  families.  In  one 
house,  at  Arthur's-hill,  the  father,  mother,  five  children,  and 
grandmother  were  carried  off  within  a  few  days,  and  in  numerous 


284  HISTORICAL  REGISTER   OP  [A.D.  1853. 

cases  a  husband,  wife,  and  two  or  more  children  were  recorded  to 
have  rapidly  followed  each  other  to  the  grave.  At  Gateshead  the 
mortality  was  433  ;  the  township  of  Heworth,  98 ;  Whickham, 
21 ;  Winlaton,  14.  At  Hexham  25  per  cent,  of  the  whole  popu- 
lation was  more  or  less  affected,  and  the  number  of  deaths  26. 
One  medical  gentleman,  Mr.  Farbridge,  his  wife  and  two  daughters, 
were  amongst  the  lamented  victims.  Whalton,  one  of  the  most 
pleasant  and  salubrious  villages  in  Northumberland,  was  terribly 
afflicted  by  the  scourge.  Out  of  220  inhabitants,  forty-five  were 
attacked,  and  twelve  died.  In  North  and  South  Shields  thirty- 
eight  deaths  took  place.  At  Howden  the  epidemic  raged  in  its 
most  malignant  form,  breaking  out  in  the  same  room  in  the  same 
house  it  made  its  appearance  in  on  the  previous  visitations  of  1831 
and  1849,  and  nearly  thirty  deaths  took  place.  At  Blyth,  also, 
about  twenty  fatal  cases  were  reported,  and  isolated  deaths  occurred 
in  several  other  places. 

1853  (September  12). — This  evening  a  cab,  containing  a  man, 
two  women,  and  four  children,  besides  the  driver,  was  proceeding 
quickly  along  Deptford  New-road,  Sunderland,  when,  owing  to  the 
darkness  of  the  night,  it  fell  over  into  the  ravine  below,  a  depth  of 
40  feet,  and  what  is  remarkable,  neither  passengers,  driver,  nor 
horse  were  much  hurt. 

October  3. — A  fire  broke  out  this  morning,  in  the  Bee  Hive  Inn, 
East  Holborn,  South  Shields,  occupied  by  Mr.  W.  Thompson.  The 
whole  of  the  inmates  were  obliged  to  fly  from  the  premises  in  their 
night  dresses,  and  the  progress  of  the  flames  being  accelerated  by 
a  high  wind,  the  house  and  its  contents  were  speedily  consumed. 

November  9. — The  annual  election  of  mayors  for  the  boroughs 
of  Northumberland  and  Durham  took  place,  when  the  following 
gentlemen  were  elected: — Newcastle — Ralph  Dodds,  esq.,  mayor; 
John  Gibson,  esq.,  sheriff.  Gateshead  —  David  Haggie,  esq. 
Morpeth — Nicholas  Wright ,  esq.  Tynemouth — Matthew  Poppel- 
well,  esq.  South  Shields  —  John  Robinson,  esq.  Sunderland-— 
Samuel  Alcock,  esq.  Durham — George  Robson,  esq.  Hartlepool 
— Peter  Barker,  esq.  Stockton  —  William  Skinner,  esq.  Ber- 
wick— Patrick  Clay,  esq,,  mayor ;  Dr.  Johnston,  esq.,  sheriff. 

November  28. — Died,  in  London,  aged  76,  General  Sir  Thomas 
Bradford,  G.C.B.  This  distinguished  officer  married  Mary  Anne, 
daughter  of  James  Atkinson,  esq.,  of  Newcastle,  and  his  eldest 
son,  James  Henry,  succeeded  to  the  estates  of  Ralph  Atkinson, 
esq.,  of  Angerton,  near  Morpeth,  and  took  the  name  of  that 
gentleman.  The  deceased  was  interred  at  Hartburn,  where  he 
had  previously  placed  an  elegant  monument,  by  Chantry,  in 
memory  of  his  wife. 

December  16. — Died,  at  Hartlepool,  in  his  seventieth  year,  Mr. 
William  Purvis,  widely  known  in  the  northern  counties  as  "  Billy 
Purvis."  The  deceased  was  born  at  Auchindinny,  near  Edin- 
burgh, but  was  brought  to  Newcastle  by  his  parents  at  an  early 
age.  Having  been  at  school  for  some  time,  with  Mr.  Sessford,  he 
was  apprenticed  to  Mr.  John  Chapman,  joiner,  Bigg-market. 


A.D.  1854.1  REMARKABLE   EVENTS.  285 

The  deceased  resided  in  the  same  house,  in  the  Close,  for  nearly 
sixty-six  years,  ever  proving  himself,  as  far  as  dialect  was  con- 
cerned, a  devoted  Newcastletonian.  His  propensity  for  the  stage 
was  indicated  at  an  early  age,  and  he  became  "  call  boy"  at  the 
Theatre  Royal,  Newcastle,  while  it  was  under  the  management  of 
Stephen  Kemble.  After  some  coquetting  with  the  muse  as  an 
amateur,  and  several  perambulations  in  the  surrounding  districts 
as  a  conjuror,  a  clown,  and  a  performer  on  the  Northumberland 
bagpipes,  he  finally  established  himself  as  proprietor  of  an  itinerant 
theatre,  about  1818,  and  maintained  that  position,  doubtless  with 
many  vicissitudes,  up  to  the  day  of  his  death.  His  peregrinations 
throughout  the  North  of  England,  and  in  Scotland,  made  his  name 
a  "  household  word"  in  every  district,  and  there  have  been  few 
men  in  his  station  so  popular  with  almost  all  orders  of  society. 
To  his  credit  it  may  be  added  that  he  brought  up  a  large  family 
in  a  most  respectable  manner,  and  his  contributions  to  the  very 
inadequate  stock  of  harmless  pleasures  will  long  be  remembered 
with  feelings  of  respect  and  regret. 

1853  (December  20). — A  most    destructive  fire  broke  out  in 
Bell-street,  North   Shields,  in   premises  occupied  by  Mr.  Duncan 
McGregor,  marine  store  dealer,  and  Mr.  Hutchinson,  ship  chandler. 
In  the  immediate  vicinity  were  the  premises  of  Mr.  Green,  grocer, 
Mr.  Sobbs,  pipe-maker,  Mr.  Taylor,  sail-maker,  and  Mr.  Stewart, 
ship  owner,  and,  owing  to   the  high  wind  which  was  raging,  these 
buildings  were  speedily  set  on  fire,  and  were   entirely  consumed; 
The  damage  was  estimated  at  £2,500. 

1854  (January}. — One  of  the  most  severe  frosts  that  has  occurred 
during  the  present  century  was  experienced  in  the  beginning  of 
this  month.     With  the  exception  of  one  date  (January  15,  1815), 
when  Mr.  Losh's  observations  at  Jesmond  recorded  the  temperature 
at  8  deg.,  and  a  second  in  1838,  when,  at  Prudhoe,  the  thermometer 
was  observed  at  5,  and  at  Ryton,  3  deg.,  being  29  deg.  below 
freezing.     On  the  3rd  the  wind,  which  for  several  days  had  been 
north-west,  veered  suddenly  round  to  south-east,  and  the  tempera- 
ture rose  considerably.    The  change  of  wind,  however,  had  a  most 
disastrous  effect  upon  the  shipping  near  the  coast,  as  about   1,500 
vessels  had  left  Yarmouth  Roads  for  the  north,  and  their  attempts 
to  reach  their  destination  became  extremely  hazardous,  owing  to 
the  violence  of  the  storm.      On  the  4th  the  fleet  was  off  Tynemouth, 
and  although  some  hundreds  of  vessels  entered  in  safety,  a  great 
number  of  others  got  upon  the  Herd  Sands  and  the  opposite  rocks. 
The  scene  was  of  the  most  exciting  character.     The  tempestuous 
sea  dashing  its  foaming  billows  over  the  venerable  ruins  at  Tyne- 
mouth.    The  noise  of  the  noble  vessels  breaking  up,   crash  after 
crash,  mixed  up  with  the  distant  and  unharmonious  scream  of  the 
sea-fowl  in  the  narrows,  the  wreckage  and  material  strewed  along 
the  harbour,  with  an  armed  body  of  police,   with  drawn  swords, 
attempting  to  guard  the  remains  of  the  scattered  property,  was  alto- 
gether a  scene  characteristic  of  our  iron  bound  coast,  at  this  season 
of  the  year.     At  Sunderland  twelve  vessels  were  driven  behind 


286  HISTORICAL   REGISTER   OF  [A.D.  1854. 

the  north  pier,  and  two  behind  the  south  pier,  twelve  went  aground 
upon  the  Potato-garth,  and  five  more  at  Polka  Hole,  one  third  of 
which  became  total  wrecks.  At  Hartlepool  eight  laden  vessels 
grounded  upon  the  bar  and  became  wrecks,  and  a  still  larger 
number  were  driven  ashore  near  the  mouth  of  the  Tees.  All  along 
the  coast,  indeed,  the  loss  of  life  and  property  was  very  serious. 
After  a  temporary  calm  the  gale  again  arose  on  the  7th,  and 
continued  to  rage  with  fearful  violence  until  the  morning  of  the 
10th.  This  second  hurricane  proved  more  disastrous  than  its 
predecessor,  owing  to  the  disabled  state  of  many  of  the  vessels  still 
at  sea,  and  at  the  conclusion  of  the  storm  sixty  ships  had  been 
wrecked  between  the  mouth  of  the  Tees  and  Hartlepool,  forty  at 
Sunderland,  thirty-four  at  Tynemouth,  ten  at  Warkworth,  and 
about  forty  others  at  various  places  in  the  neighbourhood,  besides 
many  which  were  supposed  to  have  foundered  at  sea.  The  loss  at 
the  mouth  of  the  Tyne  alone  was  estimated  at  £50,000.  On  the 
afternoon  of  the  7th  a  calamitous  disaster  took  place,  at  Newbiggen, 
which  resulted  in  the "  total  loss  of  a  Norwegian  ship  called  the 
Embla.  The  ill-fated  vessel  and  her  crew,  13  in  number,  were 
lost  under  very  melancholy  circumstances,  from  the  refusal  of  the 
men  who  had  charge  of  the  lifeboat  stationed  there  to  go  out. 
The  ship  struck  on  the  beach,  and  for  nearly  four  hours  was  the 
sport  of  the  breakers  when  she  went  to  pieces  and  all  was  over. 
The  captain  was  washed  ashore  in  the  course  of  the  evening,  and, 
when  found,  his  body  was  still  warm.  Upon  his  person  were 
found  25  sovereigns  and  5  Norwegian  notes,  together  with  a  letter 
written  by  a  lady  named  Lousia  Hanseu,  of  Christiana,  in  terms 
of  the  fondest  endearment,  and  addressed  to  Captain  Gustavus 
Kock.  He  was  a  remarkably  handsome  man,  about  26  years  of 
age,  and  was  buried  on  the  llth  at  the  neighbouring  village  of 
Woodhorn. 

1854<( January  13^). — At  a  meeting  of  the  committee  of  the  Literary 
and  Philosophical  Society,  Newcastle,  Mr.  Fen  wick  stated  that 
he  and  Mr.  Kell  were  commissioned  by  Robert  Stephenson,  esq., 
M.P.,  one  of  the  vice-presidents,  to  inform  the  committee  that, 
feeling  grateful  for  the  advantages  which  he  had  derived  from  the 
library  when  a  young  man,  and  being  anxious  to  extend  the  same 
advantages  to  others,  that  gentleman  was  prepared